CN203735088U - Stumping and ridge leveling harvester - Google Patents

Stumping and ridge leveling harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203735088U
CN203735088U CN201420098923.0U CN201420098923U CN203735088U CN 203735088 U CN203735088 U CN 203735088U CN 201420098923 U CN201420098923 U CN 201420098923U CN 203735088 U CN203735088 U CN 203735088U
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China
Prior art keywords
stubble
grain header
cleaning
stump
knife
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CN201420098923.0U
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Inventor
华新生
牛彦生
李洪法
宋明信
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SHANDONG QUALIN PAPER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Shandong Tralin Paper Co Ltd
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SHANDONG QUALIN PAPER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a stumping and ridge leveling harvester and belongs to the field of agricultural machinery. The stumping and ridge leveling harvester comprises a harvester chassis, a power device, an electric device, a hydraulic system, a drive operating system, a crop harvesting header, a crop straw separating device, a crop storage warehouse, a crop conveying device, a stubble cleaning device, a land leveling device and a pressing device, wherein the stubble cleaning device, the land leveling device and the pressing device are fixed under the harvester chassis. The stumping and ridge leveling harvester is capable of carrying out rotary tillage on the land, pulling out the stubble, and leveling and compacting the land while harvesting crops and smashing straws, and therefore, the stumping and ridge leveling harvester plays roles of stumping and ridge leveling when harvesting crops; after stumping and leveling ridges, the smashed straws are discharged from the rear part of the harvester and drop to the leveled and compacted land, so that the user is convenient to air and gather the smashed straws.

Description

A kind of stump level ridges grain header
Technical field
The utility model relates to field of agricultural machinery, is specifically related to a kind of grain header with stump level ridges function.
Background technology
Grain header of the prior art is gathering in after crops conventionally earth's surface and is leaving the root stubble of a part of crops, after having gathered in crops, need other farm machineries as the processing such as rotovator, field-returning machine soil, remove root stubble, also need other farm machineries that soil is processed afterwards smooth, step is more loaded down with trivial details, greatly increased production cost, operating efficiency is also lower.
On the other hand, the agricultural crop straw that grain header is handled is directly scattered on the irregular soil of a large amount of root stubbles, and agricultural crop straw is easily collecting not, certain trouble of also causing to post-processed agricultural crop straw.
Chinese patent application (201210490391.0) discloses a kind of multipurpose agricultural grain header, comprise the chassis of grain header, power set, electric device, hydraulic system, riding manipulation system, be positioned at before harvester chassis for gathering in the ceding of Taiwan of crops, be used for the separator of crop kernels and/or agricultural crop straw separation, for storing the warehouse of required crops fruit and/or seed, and between said apparatus for transmitting the conveyer of crops, described for separator that agricultural crop straw is separated for agricultural crop straw can be blended, by straw skin, flesh, the stalk separator that leaf separates, above-mentioned multipurpose agricultural grain header is at wheat mature period results wheat, at harvest corn harvesting corn in season, and maize straw is torn, blend, by skin, flesh, leaf separates.
The stalk that the multipurpose agricultural grain header of this patent has been pulverized is discharged from grain header rear portion, directly be scattered on the irregular soil of a lot of root stubbles, bring very large inconvenience to the straw collecting work of having pulverized, especially when farming species are on the soil of ridging, collect the stalk of pulverizing and be more difficult to carry out.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of large-scale multipurpose agricultural grain header with stump level ridges function, results crops, when crushing straw, can rotary tillage soil, extract root stubble, level land and compacting soil, realize in results crops, played the effect of stump level ridges.
On the other hand, soil is after stump level ridges, and the complete stalk of pulverizing of discharging from grain header rear portion drops on the soil of smooth compacting, has facilitated airing and the collection work of crushing straw.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts technical scheme to be:
A kind of stump level ridges grain header, comprise the ceding of Taiwan, agricultural crop straw separator, the warehouse of storage crops, the conveyer of crops of chassis, power set, electric device, hydraulic system, riding manipulation system, the harvesting crops of grain header, also comprise stubble-clearing device, level land device, suppression device and transmission device, described stubble-clearing device, level land device, suppression device and transmission device are all fixed on harvester chassis below, and described transmission device is connected with stubble-clearing device.
Described suppression device is arranged on below, grain header afterbody chassis, and described level land device is arranged on before suppression device, and described stubble-clearing device is arranged on before level land device, and described transmission device is arranged on stubble-clearing device top.
Described stubble-clearing device comprises stubble-cleaning rotor, stubble-cleaning knife, and described stubble-cleaning knife is fixed on stubble-cleaning rotor.
Described stubble-cleaning knife grouping arranges, and every group of stubble-cleaning knife evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction of stubble-cleaning rotor, and every group of stubble-cleaning knife number is 3~10, on stubble-cleaning rotor, along the axis direction of stubble-cleaning rotor, 3~15 groups of stubble-cleaning knifes is evenly set.
Described stubble-cleaning knife, for long shovel shape, has a bending place, and bending place is provided with the protruding reinforcing rib that can strengthen stubble-cleaning knife intensity, and described protruding reinforcing rib is uniformly laterally arranged in bending place, and described protruding reinforcing rib number is 1~5.
Described transmission device comprises gear-box, power transmission shaft, driving gear, driven gear and supporting chain, described gear-box is positioned at the middle part of power transmission shaft, described driving gear has two groups, be symmetricly set on the two ends of power transmission shaft, driven gear is arranged on stubble-cleaning rotor both sides, and driving gear connects driven gear by supporting chain.
Described level land device comprises vertical shaft and the perching knife that is fixed on vertical shaft below, and described vertical shaft is vertically fixed on harvester chassis below, and described vertical shaft is 1~4, is connected to evenly distributedly on perching knife.
Described perching knife can be the rectangular flat plate of vertical setting or bend forward the rectangular flat plate of certain radian.
Described suppression device comprises link, press wheel, suppression wheel shaft, described link is fixed on two ends, left and right, below, grain header afterbody chassis, the bottom of link is provided with pin hole, two outsides of described press wheel are provided with press wheel wheel shaft, and press wheel is arranged in the pin hole of link bottom by wheel shaft.
The circumference at the two ends, left and right of described press wheel is provided with anti-slop serrations, and anti-slop serrations evenly arranges along press wheel circumferencial direction.
Adopt after technique scheme, the utility model compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
1, rotary tillage soil when gathering in crops, stubble-clearing device can be abolished root stubble, and level land device is leveled land simultaneously, suppression device compacting soil;
2, on same grain header, realize several functions simultaneously, avoid using multiple machine processing same soil, reduced cost, economize on resources, improved production efficiency;
3, soil is after smooth compacting, and that the stalk through pulverizing of discharging from grain header rear portion can drop on is smooth, the soil of compacting, facilitate crushing straw airing and collection work.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1: stubble-clearing device, level land device and the suppression device left view of the utility model stump level ridges grain header;
Fig. 2: the utility model stump level ridges grain header left view.
Wherein: 1, stubble-clearing device, 2, level land device, 3, suppression device, 4, stubble-cleaning rotor, 5, stubble-cleaning knife, 6, transmission device, 7, gear-box, 8, power transmission shaft, 9, driving gear, 10, driven gear, 11, chain, 12, vertical shaft, 13, perching knife, 14, link, 15, press wheel, 16, anti-slop serrations, 17, the corn picker ceding of Taiwan, 18, receive the stem ceding of Taiwan, 19, agricultural crop straw separator, 20, corn warehouse, 21, protruding reinforcing rib.
Embodiment
Be below embodiment of the present utility model, described embodiment is in order to further describe the utility model, instead of restriction the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of stump level ridges grain header, comprise the ceding of Taiwan, agricultural crop straw separator, the warehouse of storage crops, the conveyer of crops of chassis, power set, electric device, hydraulic system, riding manipulation system, the harvesting crops of grain header, also comprise stubble-clearing device 1, level land device 2, suppression device 3 and transmission device 6, described stubble-clearing device 1, level land device 2, suppression device 3 and transmission device 6 are all fixed on harvester chassis below, and described transmission device 6 is connected with stubble-clearing device 1.
Described suppression device 3 is arranged on below, grain header afterbody chassis, and described level land device 2 is arranged on before suppression device 3, and described stubble-clearing device 1 is arranged on before level land device 2, and described transmission device 6 is arranged on stubble-clearing device 1 top.
Described stubble-clearing device 1 comprises stubble-cleaning rotor 4, stubble-cleaning knife 5, and described stubble-cleaning knife 5 is fixed on stubble-cleaning rotor 4.
Described stubble-cleaning knife 5 groupings arrange, and every group of stubble-cleaning knife 5 evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction of stubble-cleaning rotor 4, and every group of stubble-cleaning knife 5 numbers are 3~10, on stubble-cleaning rotor 4, along the axis direction of stubble-cleaning rotor 4,3~15 groups of stubble-cleaning knifes 5 are evenly set.
Described stubble-cleaning knife 5, for long shovel shape, has a bending place, and bending place is provided with the protruding reinforcing rib 21 that can strengthen stubble-cleaning knife 5 intensity, and described protruding reinforcing rib 21 is uniformly laterally arranged in bending place, and described protruding reinforcing rib 21 numbers are 1~5.
Described transmission device 6 comprises gear-box 7, power transmission shaft 8, driving gear 9, driven gear 10 and supporting chain 11, described gear-box 7 is positioned at the middle part of power transmission shaft 8, described driving gear 9 has two groups, be symmetricly set on the two ends of power transmission shaft 8, driven gear 10 is arranged on stubble-cleaning rotor 4 both sides, and driving gear 9 connects driven gear 10 by supporting chain 11.
Gear-box 7 reaches power by power transmission shaft 8 two driving gears 9 at power transmission shaft two ends, driving gear connects driven gear 10 by chain 11, driven gear is arranged on stubble-cleaning rotor 4 both sides, chain 11 drives driven gear 10 to rotate, drive stubble-cleaning rotor 4 to rotate forward, stubble-cleaning knife inserts soil, and crop root part is uprooped, and crops is played to fragmentation simultaneously.The another one effect of stubble-cleaning knife is exactly the soil of digging and root stubble can be raised backward, makes soil become loose, also can make in addition soil distribute more uniformly, makes the ridge originally existing also become level land.
Described level land device 2 comprises vertical shaft 12 and the perching knife 13 that is fixed on vertical shaft below, and described vertical shaft 12 is vertically fixed on harvester chassis below, and described vertical shaft 12 is 1~4, is connected to evenly distributedly on perching knife 13.
Described perching knife 13 can be the rectangular flat plate of vertical setting or bend forward the rectangular flat plate of certain radian.
The perching knife 13 of level land device 2 has effect of evening soil out, the soil of processing through stubble-clearing device 1 is smooth not enough, particularly, in the time that ridge is higher, the soil after stubble-cleaning is very out-of-flatness still, and perching knife 13 can be the rectangular flat plate of vertical setting or bend forward the rectangular flat plate of certain radian.Along with grain header moves forward, the stalk that perching knife 13 can strike off stably soil and be scattered.
Described suppression device 3 comprises link 14, press wheel 15, suppression wheel shaft, described link 14 is fixed on two ends, left and right, below, grain header afterbody chassis, the bottom of link 14 is provided with pin hole, two outsides of described press wheel 15 are provided with press wheel wheel shaft, and press wheel is arranged in the pin hole of link bottom by wheel shaft.
The circumference at the two ends, left and right of described press wheel 15 is provided with anti-slop serrations 16, and anti-slop serrations 16 evenly arranges along press wheel circumferencial direction.
The ground striking off through level land device 2, again through the suppression of press wheel 15, can make loose earth's surface become consolidation.Stalk the pulverizing of discharging from grain header rear can airing on the smooth soil of processing, and the collecting and baling of the stalk of later stage after to pulverizing is also convenient in smooth soil.
Described for to gather in the ceding of Taiwan of crops be getting wheat with the wheat ceding of Taiwan of straw shift wheel and/or the corn picker ceding of Taiwan 17 of harvesting corn and/or for cutting off and collect the receipts stem ceding of Taiwan 18 of maize straw; Agricultural crop straw separator is wheat threshing system and/or maize straw skin flesh leaf separator 19; Tanker and/or corn warehouse 20 that the warehouse of storage crops is wheat.
The described corn picker ceding of Taiwan, the warehouse of receiving the stem ceding of Taiwan, maize straw skin flesh leaf separator, corn warehouse, straw shift wheel, the wheat ceding of Taiwan, storage crops are demountable structure, and each structure is by securing member or be connected and be connected with chassis or other structures.
Described for separator 19 that agricultural crop straw is separated for agricultural crop straw can be blended, by the stalk separator of straw skin, flesh, leaf separation.
Adopt the technical solution of the utility model, can realize rotary tillage soil in harvesting crops, stubble-clearing device can be abolished root stubble, and level land device is leveled land simultaneously, suppression device compacting soil; On same grain header, realize several functions simultaneously, avoid using multiple machine processing same soil, reduced cost, economize on resources, improved production efficiency; Soil is after smooth compacting, and the stalk through pulverizing of discharging from grain header rear portion can drop on the soil of smooth, compacting, facilitates crushing straw airing and collection work.

Claims (10)

1. a stump level ridges grain header, comprise the chassis of grain header, power set, electric device, hydraulic system, riding manipulation system, the ceding of Taiwan of harvesting crops, agricultural crop straw separator, the warehouse of storage crops, the conveyer of crops, it is characterized in that, also comprise stubble-clearing device (1), level land device (2), suppression device (3) and transmission device (6), described stubble-clearing device (1), level land device (2), suppression device (3) and transmission device (6) are all fixed on harvester chassis below, described transmission device (6) is connected with stubble-clearing device (1).
2. stump level ridges grain header according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described suppression device (3) is arranged on below, grain header afterbody chassis, described level land device (2) is arranged on suppression device (3) above, described stubble-clearing device (1) is arranged on level land device (2) above, and described transmission device (6) is arranged on stubble-clearing device (1) top.
3. stump level ridges grain header according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described stubble-clearing device (1) comprises stubble-cleaning rotor (4), stubble-cleaning knife (5), and described stubble-cleaning knife (5) is fixed on stubble-cleaning rotor (4).
4. stump level ridges grain header according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described stubble-cleaning knife (5) grouping arranges, every group of stubble-cleaning knife (5) evenly arranges along the circumferencial direction of stubble-cleaning rotor (4), every group of stubble-cleaning knife (5) number is 3~10, above along the axis direction of stubble-cleaning rotor (4), 3~15 groups of stubble-cleaning knifes (5) is evenly set at stubble-cleaning rotor (4).
5. stump level ridges grain header according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described stubble-cleaning knife (5) is long shovel shape, there is a bending place, bending place is provided with the protruding reinforcing rib (21) that can strengthen stubble-cleaning knife (5) intensity, described protruding reinforcing rib (21) is uniformly laterally arranged in bending place, and described protruding reinforcing rib (21) number is 1~5.
6. according to the stump level ridges grain header described in arbitrary claim in claim 3~5, it is characterized in that, described transmission device (6) comprises gear-box (7), power transmission shaft (8), driving gear (9), driven gear (10) and supporting chain (11), described gear-box (7) is positioned at the middle part of power transmission shaft (8), described driving gear (9) has two groups, be symmetricly set on the two ends of power transmission shaft (8), driven gear (10) is arranged on stubble-cleaning rotor (4) both sides, and driving gear (9) connects driven gear (10) by supporting chain (11).
7. according to the stump level ridges grain header described in arbitrary claim in claim 1~5, it is characterized in that, described level land device (2) comprises vertical shaft (12) and is fixed on the perching knife (13) of vertical shaft below, described vertical shaft (12) is vertically fixed on harvester chassis below, described vertical shaft (12) is 1~4, is connected to evenly distributedly on perching knife (13).
8. stump level ridges grain header according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described perching knife (13) can be the rectangular flat plate of vertical setting or bend forward the rectangular flat plate of certain radian.
9. according to the stump level ridges grain header described in arbitrary claim in claim 1~5, it is characterized in that, described suppression device (3) comprises link (14), press wheel (15), suppression wheel shaft, described link (14) is fixed on two ends, left and right, below, grain header afterbody chassis, the bottom of link (14) is provided with pin hole, two outsides of described press wheel (15) are provided with press wheel wheel shaft, and press wheel is arranged in the pin hole of link bottom by wheel shaft.
10. stump level ridges grain header according to claim 9, is characterized in that, the circumference at the two ends, left and right of described press wheel (15) is provided with anti-slop serrations (16), and anti-slop serrations (16) evenly arranges along press wheel circumferencial direction.
CN201420098923.0U 2014-03-05 2014-03-05 Stumping and ridge leveling harvester Active CN203735088U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104584772A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-06 吴爱国 Self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting grinder
WO2016019558A1 (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-11 佳木斯大学 Combined machine for harvesting stubbles and preparing soil
CN105432214A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 Straw recycling device
CN105493744A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-20 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 Push-pull type straw recovery device
CN107771523A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-09 史晓博 A kind of maize-straw harvestor
CN108307810A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-24 张桂春 A kind of self-propelled type straw collection multipurpose all-in-one machine

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016019558A1 (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-11 佳木斯大学 Combined machine for harvesting stubbles and preparing soil
CN104584772A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-06 吴爱国 Self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting grinder
CN104584772B (en) * 2015-01-09 2017-06-20 吴爱国 A kind of self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting pulverizer
CN105432214A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 Straw recycling device
CN105493744A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-04-20 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 Push-pull type straw recovery device
CN105493744B (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-10-03 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 A kind of plug-type device for recovering straw
CN105432214B (en) * 2015-11-30 2019-01-01 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 A kind of device for recovering straw
CN107771523A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-03-09 史晓博 A kind of maize-straw harvestor
CN108307810A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-24 张桂春 A kind of self-propelled type straw collection multipurpose all-in-one machine
CN108307810B (en) * 2018-01-15 2019-03-12 张桂春 A kind of self-propelled type straw collection multipurpose all-in-one machine

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