CN103858580A - Sweet potato vine reaper - Google Patents

Sweet potato vine reaper Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103858580A
CN103858580A CN201410089770.8A CN201410089770A CN103858580A CN 103858580 A CN103858580 A CN 103858580A CN 201410089770 A CN201410089770 A CN 201410089770A CN 103858580 A CN103858580 A CN 103858580A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sweet potato
potato vine
seedling device
tractor
vine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410089770.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103858580B (en
Inventor
刘传新
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin Fenghua Yulong agricultural development Limited by Share Ltd
Original Assignee
刘传新
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘传新 filed Critical 刘传新
Priority to CN201410089770.8A priority Critical patent/CN103858580B/en
Publication of CN103858580A publication Critical patent/CN103858580A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103858580B publication Critical patent/CN103858580B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of agricultural machinery, and relates to a reaper, in particular to a sweet potato vine reaper. The sweet potato vine reaper comprises a four-wheeled tractor, a dump trailer and a sweet potato vine reaping and crushing machine. The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a diesel engine of the four-wheeled tractor is used as power to drive the sweet potato vine reaping and crushing machine mounted on the front part of the tractor, a vine picker is used for picking up sweet potato vines, a vine cutter is used for cutting off sweet potato roots, a crusher is used for crushing the sweet potato vines, and the sweet potato vines are conveyed into the dump trailer behind the tractor via a centrifugal fan conveying pipe. When the sweet potato vine reaper is used for reaping sweet potato vines, the efficiency of the sweet potato vine reaper is high, and sweet potato vine feed resource is utilized.

Description

Sweet potato vine grain header
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural mechanical field, relate to a kind of grain header, particularly sweet potato vine grain header.
Background technology
At present, the Ipomoea batatas of peasant household's small size plantation, generally workman it many cut off after root with reaping hook, pull at again (group) in heaps, after an entrucking pull-out planting site, could gather in the crops Ipomoea batatas, the sweet potato vine on pull-out ground need cut up with a hay cutter to be put into pond after broken and preserves, and is used for cultivating pig, cattle and sheep etc. as the silage fodder of the high nutrition of high-quality.This kind of method harvesting sweet potato vine, time-consuming, efficiency is low, is not suitable for large area and uses.Application number is that 201210105836.9 sweet potato tendril grain header can only cut off sweet potato tendril from root fast, it can not be accepted.Application number is 200320110745.0 harvester for unde sirable roots of sweet potato, although can cut off fast sweet potato seedling root, can gather together to a pile a pile again, and it still needs workman that piles and piles of sweet potato seedling is moved apart to this Ipomoea batatas ridge, can gather in the crops this ridge Ipomoea batatas.Also having a kind of method is with straw crushing and field-returning machine, after sweet potato vine is pulverized, spreads in the ground and has not wanted, although the method need not shift out sweet potato vine again, it has wasted a large amount of high-quality feed resources, really unfortunate.
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of sweet potato vine grain header, shortcoming when it can effectively overcome above four kinds of methods harvesting sweet potato vine.
Summary of the invention
Sweet potato vine grain header, it comprises four-wheel tractor, self-unloading scoop cycle and several parts of sweet potato vine harvesting crusher, its technical scheme is: with the diesel engine of four-wheel tractor be power, drive is arranged on the sweet potato vine harvesting crusher of tractor front portion, with choosing seedling device, sweet potato vine is provoked, with cutting the seedling disconnected Ipomoea batatas Lam that lancinates, pulverize with cracker, through centrifugal blower carrier pipe, it is transported in the self-unloading scoop cycle after tractor.
Above-described sweet potato vine harvesting crusher, comprises middle border belt pulley, outer casing frame, cracker, chooses seedling device, cuts seedling cutter, chooses seedling device hydraulic lifting, centrifugal blower and carrier pipe.
The shell cross section of above-described outer casing frame is " C " font; The opening part of " C " font shell is that sweet potato vine enters place, and " C " font shell is suitable for reading the protective plate extending forward; The back of " C " font shell has up and down, left and right four installing holes of symmetry respectively; Above-described middle border belt pulley is contained in the left end at " C " font shell frame back, and in this, the right-hand member of border belt pulley is that clutch type belt pulley is connected with the powered pulley of diesel engine, and in this, the left end of border belt pulley and the belt pulley of cracker are connected.
Above-described cracker is axial flow blower formula cracker, and its technical scheme is: on this arbor, symmetry is loaded onto multi-disc propeller blade chopper sheet; In the time rotating, just can cut up with a hay cutter broken sweet potato vine, and produce axial flow wind-force, blow away from left to right cutting up with a hay cutter broken sweet potato vine, suck and blow out by the centrifugal blower of right-hand member, in the tipping trailer bucket after the carrier pipe of soft or hard combination is transported to tractor, deposit.
The above-described seedling device of choosing, be load onto at two ends, " C " shape shell frame end opening place can rotate up and down choose seedling device, this chooses seedling device is the sharp triangle iron plate in two of left and right of stretching out to front lower place, is connected with the semicircular arc of upwards heaving cuts seedling cutter at the inner side edge of this triangle iron plate of two.The hydraulic lifting of choosing seedling device is contained in below " C " shape shell frame left end.
With this kind of sweet potato vine grain header harvesting sweet potato vine, the beneficial effect that it produces is: 1, efficiency is high; 2, the sweet potato vine of harvesting can be transported to this planting site, be convenient to gather in the crops this ridge Ipomoea batatas; 3, this sweet potato vine directly can be pulverized, saved silage fodder and need pull out the operation of pulverizing again; 4, utilize the feed resource of sweet potato vine, avoided waste feed resource; 5, being suitable for Ipomoea batatas establishing in large scale uses.
Concrete structure of the present invention is provided by the following drawings and specific embodiment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of sweet potato vine grain header of the present invention.
In figure: 1, the diesel engine of tractor; 2, tipping trailer bucket 3, middle border belt pulley; 4, " C " font outer casing frame; 5, protective plate; 6, axial flow blower formula cracker (axle); 7, propeller blade formula chopper 8, choose seedling device; 9, cut seedling cutter; 10, choose seedling device hydraulic lifting; 11, centrifugal blower; 12, carrier pipe.
Specific embodiment
Sweet potato vine grain header of the present invention is power by the diesel engine (1) of the tractor at middle part, drive fore sweet potato vine harvesting crusher (6) is installed, sweet potato vine is provoked, cut off sweet potato vine root with cutting seedling cutter (9) with choosing seedling device (8), with cracker (6) pulverizing, in the tipping trailer bucket (2) after centrifugal blower (11) carrier pipe (12) is transported to it in tractor; Sweet potato vine harvesting crusher has: middle border belt pulley (3), " C " font outer casing frame (4), cracker (6), choose seedling device (8), cut seedling cutter (9), choose seedling device hydraulic lifting (10), centrifugal blower (11) and carrier pipe (12); The cross section of the outer casing frame of cracker (6) is " C " font (4); The opening part of " C " font outer casing frame (4) is that sweet potato vine enters place; " C " font outer casing frame is suitable for reading the protective plate (5) extending forward; The back of " C " font outer casing frame (4) has up and down, left and right four installing holes of symmetry respectively, for being arranged on the crossbearer of tractor front portion; Left end at " C " font outer casing frame (4) back is equipped with middle border belt pulley (3), in this, the right-hand member of border belt pulley is that clutch type belt pulley is connected with the powered pulley of diesel engine (1), in this, the left end of border belt pulley is connected with the belt pulley of cracker (6), plays the effect of middle border transferring power; Cracker (6) is axial flow blower formula cracker, it is that symmetry is loaded onto multi-disc propeller blade formula chopper sheet (7) on the axle of cracker, in the time rotating, just can cut up with a hay cutter broken sweet potato vine, and produce the wind-force of axial flow, the broken sweet potato vine of hand hay cutter is blown away from left to right, sucked and blow out by being contained in coaxial centrifugal blower (11), in the tipping trailer bucket (2) after the carrier pipe (12) of soft or hard combination is transported to tractor; Be equipped with at the two ends, end opening place of " C " font outer casing frame (4) can rotate up and down choose seedling device (8), this chooses seedling device (8) is the two sharp triangle iron plates in left and right; Be connected with at the inner side edge of these two triangle iron plates the semicircular arc of upwards heaving and cut seedling cutter (9); Below the left end of " C " font outer casing frame (4), be equipped with and choose seedling device hydraulic lifting (10), control the adjustable height while choosing seedling device (8) work.Specific works situation
This machine drives Ipomoea batatas ground into, tractor front and back wheel is walked in Ipomoea batatas furrow, put down and choose seedling device hydraulic lifting joystick and approach furrow bottom place to the tip of choosing seedling device (8), the clutch of the middle border belt pulley (3) that closes, cracker (6) just rotates, hang up tractor forward gear, tractor clutch closes, tractor just starts to walk forward, choosing seedling device (8) just provokes the sweet potato vine in Ipomoea batatas furrow upwards slide backward, the semicircular arc at middle part cuts seedling cutter (9) and is close to arc Ipomoea batatas ridge and Ipomoea batatas Lam is cut off and slipped into backward in " C " font shell entrance, propeller blade formula chopper sheet (7) by High Rotation Speed cuts up with a hay cutter sweet potato vine broken, and the wind-force that produces axial flow blows to right-hand member broken sweet potato vine from a left side, suck and blow out in the tipping trailer bucket (2) after carrier pipe (12) is transported to it in tractor by right-hand member centrifugal blower (11), in the time that the edge of a field is arrived in harvesting walking, seedling device hydraulic lifting (10) joystick is chosen in pull-up, making to choose seedling device upwards lifts, just can turn, in the time not needing harvesting, pull the handle of the clutch of middle border belt pulley (3), make it to separate, cracker (6) has just stopped operating work, in the time filling trailer bucket (2) or harvesting and finish, broken sweet potato vine in this trailer bucket (2) is moved to by silage pond, be discharged in silage pond.
Use this sweet potato vine grain header harvesting sweet potato vine, its certain efficiency is high, and has utilized the feed resource of sweet potato vine.

Claims (5)

1. sweet potato vine grain header, it comprises four-wheel tractor, tipping trailer bucket and several parts of sweet potato vine harvesting crusher, it is characterized in that: using the diesel engine (1) of four-wheel tractor is power; Drive is arranged on the sweet potato vine harvesting crusher of tractor front portion, sweet potato vine is provoked with choosing seedling device (8), cut off sweet potato vine root with cutting seedling cutter (9), with cracker (6) pulverizing, in the tipping trailer bucket (2) after centrifugal blower (11) carrier pipe (12) is transported to it in tractor.
2. sweet potato vine grain header according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Its sweet potato vine harvesting crusher, has border, middle border belt pulley (3), " C " font outer casing frame (4), cracker, chooses seedling device (8), cuts seedling cutter (9), chooses seedling device hydraulic lifting (10), centrifugal blower (11), carrier pipe (12).
3. sweet potato vine grain header according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the cross section of its " C " font outer casing frame (4) is " C " font; Suitable for reading have forward a protective plate (5) extending; Have up and down at " C " font outer casing frame (4) back, respectively symmetrical installing hole of left and right; Left end in " C " font case back has middle border belt pulley (3); Choose seedling device hydraulic lifting (10) in the bottom of the left end of " C " font outer casing frame (4).
4. sweet potato vine grain header according to claim 1, is characterized in that: its cracker is axial flow blower formula cracker (6), and the propeller blade formula chopper sheet (7) of multi-disc symmetry is housed on axle.
5. sweet potato vine grain header according to claim 1, is characterized in that: its seedling device (8) of choosing is to load onto the two triangle iron plates of stretching out to front lower place that can rotate up and down at two ends, " C " font outer casing frame (4) end opening place; Be connected with at the inner side edge of these two sharp triangle iron plates the semicircular arc of upwards heaving and cut seedling cutter (9); By rising or the decline of choosing seedling device hydraulic lifting (10) and controlling this and choose seedling device (8).
CN201410089770.8A 2014-03-04 2014-03-04 Sweet potato vine grain header Active CN103858580B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410089770.8A CN103858580B (en) 2014-03-04 2014-03-04 Sweet potato vine grain header

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410089770.8A CN103858580B (en) 2014-03-04 2014-03-04 Sweet potato vine grain header

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103858580A true CN103858580A (en) 2014-06-18
CN103858580B CN103858580B (en) 2016-01-06

Family

ID=50898052

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410089770.8A Active CN103858580B (en) 2014-03-04 2014-03-04 Sweet potato vine grain header

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103858580B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396454A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-11 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Hand-guided walking type sweet potato vine smashing returning-back-to-field machine
CN106818018A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 山东农业大学 Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine
CN112020978A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-04 萧县禾盛种业有限公司 Categorised reaping apparatus of sweet potato seedling

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2847821Y (en) * 2006-06-01 2006-12-20 齐齐哈尔和平工业(集团)有限责任公司 Potato harvester
CN102577731A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-18 舞钢市星河机械制造有限责任公司 Sweet potato vine harvesting machine
CN202396164U (en) * 2011-11-26 2012-08-29 甘肃农业大学 Potato seedling killing device
CN203708820U (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-07-16 刘传新 Sweet potato seedling harvester

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2847821Y (en) * 2006-06-01 2006-12-20 齐齐哈尔和平工业(集团)有限责任公司 Potato harvester
CN202396164U (en) * 2011-11-26 2012-08-29 甘肃农业大学 Potato seedling killing device
CN102577731A (en) * 2012-02-02 2012-07-18 舞钢市星河机械制造有限责任公司 Sweet potato vine harvesting machine
CN203708820U (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-07-16 刘传新 Sweet potato seedling harvester

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396454A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-03-11 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Hand-guided walking type sweet potato vine smashing returning-back-to-field machine
CN104396454B (en) * 2014-11-20 2016-03-30 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 The broken climing field-returning machine of a kind of hand steered walk-behind type sweet potato
CN106818018A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 山东农业大学 Chain-type sweet potato seedling grinding recovery machine
CN112020978A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-04 萧县禾盛种业有限公司 Categorised reaping apparatus of sweet potato seedling

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103858580B (en) 2016-01-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204259375U (en) Combine
CN105210571A (en) The three-dimensional field-returning machine of a kind of maize straw
CN203735088U (en) Stumping and ridge leveling harvester
CN204157231U (en) Pair roller pulls out stalk and farmland incomplete film reclaims combine
CN106664952A (en) Harvester with lifting lower header capable of crushing straws and preventing spatter of crushed straws
CN108617268A (en) Maize straw processing unit and the method for maize straw processing
CN103858580B (en) Sweet potato vine grain header
CN201557370U (en) Field straw chopping and returning and used polythene film collecting combined machine
CN104365202A (en) Combined operation machine
CN206713431U (en) multifunctional self-propelled corn silage harvester
CN2862650Y (en) Self-propelled forage grass gathering, cutting and bagging machine
CN206024535U (en) Small -size harvester is cleaned to rearmounted drum
CN104160826A (en) Straw pulling-out and plastic film residue recycling combined machine
CN203708820U (en) Sweet potato seedling harvester
CN202310620U (en) Straw pick-up harvester
CN204305647U (en) A kind of potato collecting machine
CN210120805U (en) Straw smashing and collecting machine
CN101601344A (en) Corn straw harvesting and crushing combination machine
CN106612914A (en) Hoisting type lower header capable of crushing straws
CN207802794U (en) A kind of rear power hand-held uniline maize cutter
CN206686619U (en) Fringe and stalk harvesting type self-propelled corn harvester
CN206743887U (en) A kind of stalk cutting lays collecting mechanism
CN205922025U (en) Suspension type carrot combine harvester
CN104521413A (en) Arrowhead harvester
CN109041768A (en) A kind of automatic standing grain root harvesting makees organic fertilizer machine after crushing

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Wang Liguo

Inventor before: Liu Chuanxin

COR Change of bibliographic data
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170116

Address after: 301800 Shigezhuang Industrial Zone, Baodi Town, Tianjin Industrial Zone, No. four, No. 11

Patentee after: Tianjin Fenghua Yulong Agricultural Development Co. Ltd.

Address before: 233600 Anhui province Guoyang County town Gong Ji Si Hospital No. 10

Patentee before: Liu Chuanxin

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 301800 Shigezhuang Industrial Zone, Baodi Town, Tianjin Industrial Zone, No. four, No. 11

Patentee after: Tianjin Fenghua Yulong agricultural development Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 301800 Shigezhuang Industrial Zone, Baodi Town, Tianjin Industrial Zone, No. four, No. 11

Patentee before: Tianjin Fenghua Yulong Agricultural Development Co. Ltd.