CN103875369A - Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine - Google Patents

Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103875369A
CN103875369A CN201410140230.8A CN201410140230A CN103875369A CN 103875369 A CN103875369 A CN 103875369A CN 201410140230 A CN201410140230 A CN 201410140230A CN 103875369 A CN103875369 A CN 103875369A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pick
frame
ridge culture
straw
profiling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410140230.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘希锋
钱晓辉
吴昊
具本弘
宋炜
张范良
宋秋梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heilongjiang Agricultural Machinery Engineering Research Institute
Original Assignee
Heilongjiang Agricultural Machinery Engineering Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Heilongjiang Agricultural Machinery Engineering Research Institute filed Critical Heilongjiang Agricultural Machinery Engineering Research Institute
Priority to CN201410140230.8A priority Critical patent/CN103875369A/en
Publication of CN103875369A publication Critical patent/CN103875369A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Harvesting Machines For Specific Crops (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine, and aims at providing the ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine which is high in straw pick-up rate, high in work efficiency and good in economical efficiency. The ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine comprises a machine frame, a suspension frame, a drive system and land wheels, wherein the suspension frame, the drive system and the land wheels are arranged on the machine frame. A profiling raking device is arranged on the rear portion of the machine frame. A pick-up and throwing device is arranged in front of the profiling raking device. The pick-up and throwing device is arranged on a left lower longitudinal beam and a right lower longitudinal beam of the machine frame in the transverse direction and in the direction opposite to the advancing direction. A connected straw conveying device is horizontally arranged on the machine frame in the transverse direction. The ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine is suitable for picking up and collecting scattered straws in a ridge culture field.

Description

Ridge culture field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural stalk field and pick up facility, especially relate to a kind of ridge culture field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine.
Background technology
China's maize sown area is 5.2 hundred million mu, approximately 2.73 hundred million tons of maize straw output.Maize straw is important biomass resource, can be used for yellow storage feed, fuel power generation function etc., and utilization has a high potential.The mechanized harvest rate of China's corn has reached 60% at present, and great majority all adopt harvesting, straw chopping and returning harvest technology.Because China adopts maize ridge-till cropping pattern for a long time, therefore machine can cause a large amount of fragmentary stalks to fall into furrow and cannot effectively collect utilization after receiving, result be a large amount of straw covering plot tables to autumn, spring whole bring very large difficulty, especially northern cold ground stalk does not go rotten winter, has brought adverse effect to sowing in spring.The problems referred to above have become a great problem of puzzlement China's agricultural development.The fundamental way addressing the above problem is picked up utilization by fragmentary ridge culture field straw collecting exactly, at present be all to adopt the various hay rake of herb machinery class that fragmentary corn straw raking slivering is spread, adopt again grass pickup binder to break into square bale or round bale, be then transported to power plant's combustion power generation.The problem existing is, existing herding hay rake be subject to ridge culture factor to affect straw field pickup rate extremely low, most of furrow stalk leaks to hug leaves over field.On the one hand discarded stalk is not made full use of, mechanization tillage operation is difficulty still; Pick up collection bar operating efficiency low, facility operation is less economical simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is, for the problems referred to above that exist, provides that a kind of straw field pickup rate is high, operating efficiency is high, the ridge culture field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine of good economy performance.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical proposals: ridge culture of the present invention field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine, comprise frame and be arranged on hanger bracket, transmission system, the land wheel in this frame, be provided with profiling at this frame rear and hug acquisition means, this profiling is hugged acquisition means front and is provided with to pick up and throws device, this is picked up and throws device along laterally and with respect to direction of advance being oppositely arranged on the lower longeron in this frame left and right, pick up and throw device front at this, in this frame, be provided with and carry collection strip device along transverse horizontal.
As preferred version of the present invention, the arc elastic rake-bar upper end that acquisition means is hugged in described profiling can be arranged on after this frame on entablature transverse shifting, and this arc elastic rake-bar lower end edge is laterally pressed the platform shape profiling configuration of furrow ridge.
As preferred version of the present invention, described in pick up and throw device and adopt spring tooth bowl formula pickup, the elastic claw movement locus envelope of this spring tooth bowl formula pickup is in described elasticity rake-bar arc.
As preferred version of the present invention, described conveying collection strip device adopts band conveyor.
Adopt after technique scheme, the beneficial effect that ridge culture provided by the invention field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar facility have is:
The arc elastic rake-bar upper end that acquisition means is hugged in profiling of the present invention can be arranged on after this frame on entablature transverse shifting, and this arc elastic rake-bar lower end edge is laterally pressed the platform shape profiling configuration of furrow ridge.Described picking up throws device employing spring tooth bowl formula pickup, and the elastic claw movement locus envelope of this spring tooth bowl formula pickup is in described elasticity rake-bar arc.Along with the advancing of unit, the crushing straw being scattered on ridge, field or in furrow is all hugged collection before arc elastic rake-bar like this, described in pick up the elastic claw that throws device and oppositely will hug the straw field pickup of collection and throw forward and deliver on the conveyer belt of carrying collection strip device.Realize along laterally hugging collection stalk and longitudinally collect bar by the platform shape profiling of furrow ridge, improved straw field pickup rate, can realize the operation of wide cut high speed, operating efficiency significantly improves, reduce operating cost, so obtained that straw field pickup rate is high, operating efficiency is high, the effect of good economy performance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the organigram of ridge culture of the present invention field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
In figure: frame 1; Hanger bracket 2; Transmission system 3; Land wheel 4; Pick up and throw device 5; Acquisition means 6 is hugged in profiling; Carry collection strip device 7.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, invention is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, provide the embodiment organigram of ridge culture of the present invention field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine, comprise frame 1 and be arranged on hanger bracket 2, transmission system 3, the land wheel 4 in this frame 1, be provided with profiling at this frame 1 rear and hug acquisition means 6, this profiling is hugged acquisition means 6 fronts and is provided with to pick up and throws device 5, this is picked up and throws device 5 along laterally and with respect to direction of advance being oppositely arranged under this frame 1 left and right on longeron, pick up and throw device 5 fronts at this, in this frame 1, be provided with and carry collection strip device 7 along transverse horizontal.
As the preferred embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the arc elastic rake-bar upper end that acquisition means 6 is hugged in described profiling can be arranged on the rear entablature of this frame 1 transverse shifting, and this arc elastic rake-bar lower end edge is laterally pressed the platform shape profiling configuration of furrow ridge.
As the preferred embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1, described in pick up and throw device 5 and adopt spring tooth bowl formula pickup, the elastic claw movement locus envelope of this spring tooth bowl formula pickup is in described elasticity rake-bar arc.
As the preferred embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, described conveying collection strip device 7 adopts band conveyor.
When use, first the hanger bracket of fragmentary ridge culture field straw field pickup collection bar machine 2 and driving power tractor hitch are articulated, then power take-off is connected with transmission system 3 by universal drive shaft.Manipulation tractor advances to walking along ridge, drive the running of the each portion of ridge culture field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine in conjunction with power take-off simultaneously, along with advancing of unit, profiling is hugged acquisition means 6 and is responsible for laterally hugging the collecting and distributing crushing straw dropping on ridge, field or in furrow, pick up throw device 5 be responsible for picking up hug the stalk of integrated heap and throw forward deliver to carry collection strip device 7 on, carry collection strip device 7 to be responsible for carrying to pick up to one end throwing the stalk that device 5 throws, and form longitudinal collection bar stalk of regular shape in facility one side.Unit one-stop operation, can complete stalk and laterally collect continuously, pick up and throw and longitudinally collect bar operation, finally forms a high-quality quantity set bar stalk, for advantage has been created in the operation of straw field pickup bundling.The bundling efficiency of straw field pickup binder is significantly improved.
In actual job process, can hug acquisition means 6 to profiling according to the difference of row spacing adjusts, by changing arc elastic rake-bar that profiling hugs acquisition means 6 installation site on the rear entablature of this frame 1, make arc elastic rake-bar lower end accurately along laterally by the platform shape profiling of furrow ridge, guarantee higher straw field pickup rate.Meanwhile, profiling is hugged acquisition means 6 and is thrown device 5 and oppositely throw in conjunction with picking up, and in improving straw field pickup rate, has also significantly reduced the assorted content of the soil in stalk.
In order to improve operating efficiency, can lengthen frame 1 by synchronous cross, pick up to throw device 5, carry collection strip device 7 and increase profiling and hug the method for the arc elastic rake-bar quantity of acquisition means 6, supporting larger driving power tractor, realizing working width increases, and further improves operating efficiency.But above-mentioned variation does not cause architectural feature and changes, all within protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention is applicable to the fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar operation of ridge culture field.

Claims (4)

1. a ridge culture field fragmentary straw field pickup collection bar machine, comprise frame (1) and be arranged on the hanger bracket (2) in this frame (1), transmission system (3), land wheel (4), it is characterized in that: be provided with profiling at this frame (1) rear and hug acquisition means (6), this profiling is hugged acquisition means (6) front and is provided with to pick up and throws device (5), this is picked up and throws device (5) along laterally and with respect to direction of advance being oppositely arranged on the lower longeron in this frame (1) left and right, pick up and throw device (5) front at this, this frame (1) is upper to be provided with and to carry collection strip device (7) along transverse horizontal.
2. the fragmentary straw field pickup collection in ridge culture according to claim 1 field bar machine, it is characterized in that: the arc elastic rake-bar upper end that acquisition means (6) is hugged in described profiling can be arranged on the rear entablature of this frame (1) transverse shifting, and this arc elastic rake-bar lower end edge is laterally pressed the platform shape profiling configuration of furrow ridge.
3. the fragmentary straw field pickup collection in ridge culture according to claim 2 field bar machine, it is characterized in that: described in pick up and throw device (5) and adopt spring tooth bowl formula pickup, the elastic claw movement locus envelope of this spring tooth bowl formula pickup is in described elasticity rake-bar arc.
4. the fragmentary straw field pickup collection in ridge culture according to claim 1 and 2 field bar machine, is characterized in that: described conveying collection strip device (7) adopts band conveyor.
CN201410140230.8A 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine Pending CN103875369A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410140230.8A CN103875369A (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410140230.8A CN103875369A (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103875369A true CN103875369A (en) 2014-06-25

Family

ID=50944763

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410140230.8A Pending CN103875369A (en) 2014-04-10 2014-04-10 Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103875369A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340492A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-24 上海世达尔现代农机有限公司 Straw pickup apparatus for furrow plots
CN106612637A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-10 张赛 Ploughing device for agricultural production
CN107396645A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-11-28 新疆农垦科学院 The profiling roller of machine for recycling mulch film structure and its mulch film recovery working rig formed
CN107616010A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-23 河北农业大学 A kind of hook elastic claw type branch pickup of multistage curve matching
CN107852964A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-03-30 黑龙江贵国生物质科技开发有限公司 A kind of straw pickup
CN108934477A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-07 唐大平 A kind of rake teeth under the pickup for elastic claw receives cleaning device
CN110115156A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-13 黑龙江沃野生物质收获包装设备有限公司 Corn stover collects machine
CN112005632A (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-12-01 长春市农业机械研究院 Postposition dragging and pressing type two-row three-row variable straw strip collecting machine
CN113875400A (en) * 2021-08-31 2022-01-04 高志 Pickup device suitable for ridge culture plant straw

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3589111A (en) * 1968-04-17 1971-06-29 White Motor Canada Combine harvester
CN2616025Y (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-05-19 山西省芮城县农机技术服务公司 Self-propelled straw harvester
CN200962752Y (en) * 2006-11-07 2007-10-24 刘彩宝 Combined straw cutter for grass

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3589111A (en) * 1968-04-17 1971-06-29 White Motor Canada Combine harvester
CN2616025Y (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-05-19 山西省芮城县农机技术服务公司 Self-propelled straw harvester
CN200962752Y (en) * 2006-11-07 2007-10-24 刘彩宝 Combined straw cutter for grass

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105340492A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-24 上海世达尔现代农机有限公司 Straw pickup apparatus for furrow plots
CN106612637A (en) * 2016-12-01 2017-05-10 张赛 Ploughing device for agricultural production
CN107396645A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-11-28 新疆农垦科学院 The profiling roller of machine for recycling mulch film structure and its mulch film recovery working rig formed
CN107396645B (en) * 2017-06-24 2023-12-08 新疆农垦科学院 Profiling roller of mulching film recycling mechanism and mulching film recycling operation machine formed by profiling roller
CN107616010A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-01-23 河北农业大学 A kind of hook elastic claw type branch pickup of multistage curve matching
CN107616010B (en) * 2017-10-23 2020-11-17 河北农业大学 Hook-shaped elastic tooth type branch pickup device with multi-section curve fitting function
CN107852964A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-03-30 黑龙江贵国生物质科技开发有限公司 A kind of straw pickup
CN108934477A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-07 唐大平 A kind of rake teeth under the pickup for elastic claw receives cleaning device
CN108934477B (en) * 2018-06-22 2021-05-07 哈尔滨万客特种车设备有限公司 Rake tooth cleaning device used under elastic tooth pickup device
CN112005632A (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-12-01 长春市农业机械研究院 Postposition dragging and pressing type two-row three-row variable straw strip collecting machine
CN110115156A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-08-13 黑龙江沃野生物质收获包装设备有限公司 Corn stover collects machine
CN113875400A (en) * 2021-08-31 2022-01-04 高志 Pickup device suitable for ridge culture plant straw

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103875369A (en) Ridge culture field scattered straw pick-up and collecting machine
CN206506840U (en) One kind shake conveying-type farmland mulch recycling machine
CN203015455U (en) Improved structure of automatic deviation-correcting row-aligning detecting mechanism of beet harvester
CN104025795B (en) A kind of harvester for peanut seedling fruit picks up conveying plant
CN103262718B (en) Stalk segment recycling machine
CN103931346B (en) Straw strip collection type corn cutting table
CN101416581A (en) Movable straw field pickup chopper
CN201639954U (en) Combined straw baling no-tillage seeder
CN203181633U (en) Straw segmenting recovery machine
CN103879128A (en) Backpack seed melon combined harvester
CN103098611A (en) Self-propelled straw combined machine of gathering, picking up, bundling and rotary tillage
CN219981572U (en) Corn cob harvesting, gathering and injecting harvester
CN109819763B (en) Residual film recycling device and operation method thereof
CN203896739U (en) Stem and fruit picking and conveying device of peanut harvester
CN201563386U (en) Corn harvester for corn and stalk
CN204031818U (en) A kind of header device being provided with pickup
CN203015452U (en) Improved structure of shape top-cutting mechanism regulating unit of beet harvester
CN203057870U (en) Self-propelled straw harvesting, picking-up, baling and rotary tilling combined operation machine
CN201869568U (en) Small size corn harvester for single ridge
CN201197292Y (en) Field pickup chopper for stalk
CN103583144A (en) Grass-seed-separated type grass cutting and racking machine
CN203120454U (en) Beet harvester bunker tipping bucket unloading-assisting mechanism
Mehta et al. Development and performance evaluation of tractor operated onion harvester
CN204031854U (en) A kind of straw collecting mechanism
CN204244738U (en) Levant cotton exocarp leaf harvester

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20140625

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication