CN105432214B - A kind of device for recovering straw - Google Patents

A kind of device for recovering straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105432214B
CN105432214B CN201510874923.4A CN201510874923A CN105432214B CN 105432214 B CN105432214 B CN 105432214B CN 201510874923 A CN201510874923 A CN 201510874923A CN 105432214 B CN105432214 B CN 105432214B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
rack
bevel gear
drive roll
blade
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201510874923.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105432214A (en
Inventor
喻圣林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
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Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
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Application filed by Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives filed Critical Quanjiao Chahe Farm Machinery Service Professional Cooperatives
Priority to CN201510874923.4A priority Critical patent/CN105432214B/en
Publication of CN105432214A publication Critical patent/CN105432214A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D34/00Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters
    • A01D34/01Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus
    • A01D34/412Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters
    • A01D34/63Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters having cutters rotating about a vertical axis
    • A01D34/64Mowers; Mowing apparatus of harvesters characterised by features relating to the type of cutting apparatus having rotating cutters having cutters rotating about a vertical axis mounted on a vehicle, e.g. a tractor, or drawn by an animal or a vehicle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/01Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like specially adapted for being mounted on or drawn by a tractor, e.g. field choppers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • A01F29/04Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis with feeding direction transverse to axis

Abstract

The invention proposes a kind of device for recovering straw, including rack, transport mechanism and cutting mechanism;Transport mechanism includes drive roll, driven voller, conveyer belt and driving device, and driven voller both ends are mounted on first bevel gear, and conveyer belt is sleeved on drive roll and driven voller, and driving device is drivingly connected drive roll;Cutting mechanism includes two the first transmission shafts, second driving shaft and multiple cutting axis, the both ends of first transmission shaft are separately installed with second bevel gear and third hand tap gear, the both ends of second driving shaft are mounted on the 4th bevel gear, and second driving shaft is equipped with multiple 5th bevel gears between two the 4th bevel gears;Mounting rod is installed in rack, the 6th bevel gear engaged with the 5th bevel gear is installed below cutting axis;Cutter are installed above cutting axis;Idler wheel is installed below rack.The configuration of the present invention is simple is convenient, the easy to repair while effectively save energy, and can effectively recycle to stalk.

Description

A kind of device for recovering straw
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological fields, and in particular to a kind of device for recovering straw.
Background technique
Crop straw burning can provide potash fertilizer for vegetation, and kill overwintering pest, but the burning of stalk but makes air At serious threat, present crop straw burning is prohibited, and can be used as the feed of livestock after straw chopping but contains in stalk There is the excessively thick livestock of soil or stalk generally not eat, and mostly use hand harvest greatly in current stalk removal process, Efficiency is extremely low, and current straw harvesting instrument not only structure is complicated and harvesting effect it is also bad.
Summary of the invention
Technical problems based on background technology, the invention proposes a kind of device for recovering straw.
A kind of device for recovering straw proposed by the present invention, including rack, transport mechanism and cutting mechanism;
Transport mechanism includes drive roll, driven voller, conveyer belt and driving device, and drive roll and driven voller are rotatably mounted On the rack, drive roll height is higher than driven voller height, and driven voller both ends are mounted on first bevel gear, and conveyer belt is sleeved on master On dynamic roller and driven voller, driving device is drivingly connected drive roll;
Cutting mechanism includes two the first transmission shafts, second driving shaft and multiple cutting axis, and the first transmission shaft is rotatably pacified On the rack, the both ends of the first transmission shaft are separately installed with second bevel gear and third hand tap gear to dress, two the first transmission shafts Second bevel gear is engaged respectively at two first bevel gears, and second driving shaft is rotatably mounted on the rack and is located at driven voller Far from drive roll side, the both ends of second driving shaft are mounted on the 4th bevel gear, two the 4th bevel gears respectively with two the The engagement of third hand tap gear, second driving shaft are equipped with multiple 5th bevel gears between two the 4th bevel gears;It is installed in rack There is a mounting rod, mounting rod is located above second driving shaft and axially parallel with second driving shaft, and cutting axis may be rotatably mounted at peace It fills on bar and is corresponded with the 5th bevel gear, the 6th bevel gear engaged with the 5th bevel gear is installed below cutting axis;It cuts It cuts and cutter is installed above axis;
Idler wheel is installed below rack.
Preferably, material storing box is also equipped in rack, material storing box position is corresponding with drive roll position.
Preferably, also rotatably mounted in rack to have cutting roller, drive roll is drivingly connected cutting roller, is equipped on cutting roller Cutting blade, cutting blade lean with conveyer belt.
Preferably, cutting blade include it is multiple along cutting roller axially equally distributed first blade and it is multiple along cutting roller week To equally distributed second blade, the first blade is to be mounted on the annular blade on cutting roller, the second blade around cutting roller periphery To be axially mounted to the bar blade on cutting roller along cutting roller.
Preferably, also rotatably mounted in rack to have pull rod.
Preferably, removable installation has mounting blocks in rack, and mounting blocks moving direction is vertical direction, and idler wheel is mounted on shifting On motion block.
The present invention realizes the work of cutting and the transport of stalk by a driving device, is realized by cutter to straw The cutting of stalk lower part, the rotations of cutter are rotated by cutting axis and are realized, and driving device only pass through drive roll, conveyer belt, from Dynamic roller, the first transmission shaft and second driving shaft are achieved that the rotation of cutter, are easy to implement maintenance of the invention and reduce Energy consumption, the both ends of the second rotation axis are realized by two first biography transmission shaft rotations respectively, make the rotation of second driving shaft more Add stabilization, and the present invention drives movement by a driving device, makes matching coordinative between all parts of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of device for recovering straw structural schematic diagram proposed by the present invention;
Fig. 2 is A partial enlarged view in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, a kind of device for recovering straw proposed by the present invention, including rack 1, transport mechanism and cutting machine Structure.
Transport mechanism includes drive roll 21, driven voller 22, conveyer belt 23 and driving device 24, drive roll 21 and driven voller 22 It may be rotatably mounted in rack 1,21 height of drive roll is higher than 22 height of driven voller, and 22 both ends of driven voller are mounted on the first cone Gear 221, conveyer belt 23 are sleeved on drive roll 21 and driven voller 22, and driving device 24 is drivingly connected drive roll 21.
Cutting mechanism includes two the first transmission shafts 31, second driving shaft 32 and multiple cutting axis 33, the first transmission shaft 31 It may be rotatably mounted in rack 1, the both ends of the first transmission shaft 31 are separately installed with second bevel gear 311 and third hand tap gear 312, The second bevel gear 311 of two the first transmission shafts 31 is engaged respectively at two first bevel gears 221, and second driving shaft 32 can be rotated Be mounted in rack 1 and be located at driven voller 22 far from 21 side of drive roll, the both ends of second driving shaft 32 are mounted on the 4th Bevel gear 321, two the 4th bevel gears 321 engage with two third hand tap gears 312 respectively, and second driving shaft 32 is located at two the Multiple 5th bevel gears are installed between four bevel gears 321;Mounting rod 11 is installed, mounting rod 11 is located at second and passes in rack 1 32 top of moving axis is simultaneously axial parallel with second driving shaft 32, and cutting axis 33 may be rotatably mounted on mounting rod 11 and bore tooth with the 5th Wheel corresponds, and is equipped with the 6th bevel gear 331 engaged with the 5th bevel gear below cutting axis 33;It is installed above cutting axis 33 There are cutter 332.
Idler wheel 12 is installed below rack 1, material storing box 13, cutting roller 14, pull rod 15 and movable block are also equipped in rack 1 16,13 position of material storing box is corresponding with 21 position of drive roll, and drive roll 21 is drivingly connected cutting roller 14, is equipped with and cuts on cutting roller 14 Cutting blade 141, cutting blade 141 lean with conveyer belt 23, and pull rod 15 may be rotatably mounted in rack 1, and mounting blocks 16 are removable Dynamic to be mounted on rack 1,16 moving direction of mounting blocks is vertical direction, and idler wheel 12 is mounted on movable block 16.
The promotion or the device for recovering straw is pulled to work that the present invention can be convenient by the effect of idler wheel 12, lead to Over-driving device 24 drives conveyer belt 23 to rotate, and cutting axis 33 is driven to rotate, and the rotation of cutter 332 on cutting axis 33 can Realize the cutting to stalk, material storing box 13 can be convenient the stalk that will be cut and store, and cutting roller 14 says that straw chopping has Conducive to the later period by stalk to feeding livestock.Pull rod 15 passes through movement convenient for users to pushing and pulling to the device for recovering straw The position of the adjustable each tire of the device for recovering straw of movable block 16 adapts to different geographical environments convenient for the present invention and leads to The adjustable cutter 332 of movable block 16 are crossed in the distance on ground, soil is reduced and enters the possibility in the stalk cut.
In present embodiment, cutting blade 141 includes multiple along axial equally distributed first blade of cutting roller 14 and more It is a along circumferential equally distributed second blade of cutting roller 14, the first blade is to be mounted on cutting roller 14 around 14 periphery of cutting roller Annular blade, the second blade are to be axially mounted to the bar blade on cutting roller 14 along cutting roller 14, are being installed simply and easily Be conducive to cut to stalk length simultaneously and need to send out in range.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Anyone skilled in the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of device for recovering straw, it is characterised in that: including rack (1), transport mechanism and cutting mechanism;
Transport mechanism includes drive roll (21), driven voller (22), conveyer belt (23) and driving device (24), drive roll (21) and from Dynamic roller (22) may be rotatably mounted on rack (1), and drive roll (21) is highly higher than driven voller (22) height, driven voller (22) two End is mounted on first bevel gear (221), and conveyer belt (23) is sleeved on drive roll (21) and driven voller (22), driving device (24) drive roll (21) are drivingly connected;
Cutting mechanism includes two the first transmission shafts (31), second driving shaft (32) and multiple cutting axis (33), the first transmission shaft (31) it may be rotatably mounted on rack (1), the both ends of the first transmission shaft (31) are separately installed with second bevel gear (311) and third The second bevel gear (311) of bevel gear (312), two the first transmission shafts (31) is engaged respectively at two first bevel gears (221), Second driving shaft (32) is rotatably mounted on rack (1) and is located at driven voller (22) far from drive roll (21) side, and second The both ends of transmission shaft (32) are mounted on the 4th bevel gear (321), two the 4th bevel gears (321) respectively with two triconodonts (312) engagement is taken turns, second driving shaft (32) is equipped with multiple 5th bevel gears between two the 4th bevel gears (321);Machine Be equipped on frame (1) mounting rod (11), mounting rod (11) be located above second driving shaft (32) and with second driving shaft (32) axis To parallel, cutting axis (33) may be rotatably mounted on mounting rod (11) and correspond with the 5th bevel gear, under cutting axis (33) Side is equipped with the 6th bevel gear (331) engaged with the 5th bevel gear;Cutter (332) are installed above cutting axis (33);
Idler wheel (12) are installed below rack (1);
Also rotatably mounted in rack (1) to have cutting roller (14), drive roll (21) is drivingly connected cutting roller (14), cutting roller (14) On be equipped with cutting blade (141), cutting blade (141) leans with conveyer belt (23);Cutting blade (141) includes multiple edges Axial equally distributed first blade of cutting roller (14) and multiple along circumferential equally distributed second blade of cutting roller (14), first Blade is that the annular blade on cutting roller (14) is mounted on around cutting roller (14) periphery, and the second blade is axial along cutting roller (14) The bar blade being mounted on cutting roller (14).
2. device for recovering straw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: material storing box (13) are also equipped in rack (1), Material storing box (13) position is corresponding with drive roll (21) position.
3. device for recovering straw according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: also rotatably mounted in rack (1) to have pull rod (15)。
4. device for recovering straw according to claim 1-3, it is characterised in that: removable installation in rack (1) Have mounting blocks (16), mounting blocks (16) moving direction is vertical direction, and idler wheel (12) is mounted on mounting blocks (16).
CN201510874923.4A 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of device for recovering straw Active CN105432214B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510874923.4A CN105432214B (en) 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of device for recovering straw

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510874923.4A CN105432214B (en) 2015-11-30 2015-11-30 A kind of device for recovering straw

Publications (2)

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CN105432214A CN105432214A (en) 2016-03-30
CN105432214B true CN105432214B (en) 2019-01-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5238354A (en) * 1975-09-20 1977-03-24 Shikoku Seisakusho Kk Straw cutter
CN2555601Y (en) * 2002-08-23 2003-06-18 周日全 Multi-functional harvester
CN101720600A (en) * 2009-12-15 2010-06-09 袁东明 Multifunction straw chopping ensilage machine
CN201571343U (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-09-08 张征财 Combined straw forage harvester
CN203735088U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-30 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Stumping and ridge leveling harvester
CN204104349U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-21 安徽农业大学 A kind of Chinese herbal medicine cutter sweep
CN104584772A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-06 吴爱国 Self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting grinder

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5238354A (en) * 1975-09-20 1977-03-24 Shikoku Seisakusho Kk Straw cutter
CN2555601Y (en) * 2002-08-23 2003-06-18 周日全 Multi-functional harvester
CN101720600A (en) * 2009-12-15 2010-06-09 袁东明 Multifunction straw chopping ensilage machine
CN201571343U (en) * 2010-01-14 2010-09-08 张征财 Combined straw forage harvester
CN203735088U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-30 山东泉林纸业有限责任公司 Stumping and ridge leveling harvester
CN204104349U (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-21 安徽农业大学 A kind of Chinese herbal medicine cutter sweep
CN104584772A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-05-06 吴爱国 Self-propelled multifunctional straw harvesting grinder

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