CN102027838B - Round disc type plant straw uprooting device - Google Patents

Round disc type plant straw uprooting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102027838B
CN102027838B CN2009101723399A CN200910172339A CN102027838B CN 102027838 B CN102027838 B CN 102027838B CN 2009101723399 A CN2009101723399 A CN 2009101723399A CN 200910172339 A CN200910172339 A CN 200910172339A CN 102027838 B CN102027838 B CN 102027838B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
disk
pulley
uprooting
frame
disc type
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009101723399A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102027838A (en
Inventor
王万章
陈新昌
何玉静
周长有
王云力
李明刚
朱二丽
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Henan Agricultural University
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Henan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2009101723399A priority Critical patent/CN102027838B/en
Publication of CN102027838A publication Critical patent/CN102027838A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102027838B publication Critical patent/CN102027838B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a round disc type plant straw uprooting device, which comprises a machine frame, and left and right push rods which are symmetrically arranged on the left and right sides of the machine frame, wherein a straw holding device is arranged on the upper part of the machine frame; a round disc uprooter is arranged at the lower front of the bracket and consists of left and right round disc slices which are at an angle to each other; blades are arranged on the outer edges of the round disc slices; shafts are arranged at the front ends of the push rods; and the left and right round disc slices are assembled on the left and right shafts through bearings. When the round disc type plant straw uprooting device is used, soil disturbance is small, power consumption is low and operation productivity is high; and the device has a simple structure and is convenient to use and maintain.

Description

The disc type crops straw device of uprooting
Technical field
The invention belongs to the farm machinery technical field, be specifically related to a kind of disc type crops straw device of uprooting.
Background technology
The stalk of crops such as tobacco, corn, eggplant, cotton has certain height, and it is darker that rhizome buries, and straw utilization is worth high, and the difficulty that stalk connects the root results is big.Existing cotton material or maize harvesting machine mainly contain two types: the one, and relative rolling type promptly grasps crops straw to rolling with what rotate, and utilizes its rotation that cotton material is extracted; The 2nd, jaw clamping type promptly utilizes gripper clamp that crops straw is grasped, along with stalk is extracted in the forward travel of unit and the rotation of gripper clamp.Above-mentioned two kinds of reaping machines all are to rely on to grasp stalk the root of crops is uprooped, and for the crops of well developed root system, consumption of power is more, thereby production efficiency is lower; In addition, when crops were extracted, the fibrous root of crops can be taken more earth out of, and soil disturbance is bigger, and soil moisture is prone to run off.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the above-mentioned deficiency that exists in the prior art, a kind of power consumption is low, soil disturbance the is little disc type crops straw device of uprooting is provided.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is following:
The disc type crops straw of the present invention device of uprooting comprises frame, is symmetrically arranged with left and right push rod in the left and right sides of frame.Wherein, Be provided with the stalk clamping device on the top of frame; Inferoanterior in frame is provided with the disk rooter, described disk rooter by about two disk at an angle to each other form, the outer ledge of disk is provided with blade; Front end at push rod is provided with axle, and left and right disk is assemblied on the Y-axis through bearing respectively.
On frame, be provided with the bolt hole that is used to regulate the disk embedded depth.
Described stalk clamping device is made up of two opposite taper spiral shell rollers of direction of rotation; The front-end and back-end of taper spiral shell roller are assemblied on the frame through fore bearing, front-end bearing pedestal and rear bearing, rear bearing block respectively; The front end of two taper spiral shell rollers is provided with branch standing grain device, and the rear end is equipped with gear, and two gears are meshed; The end of a taper spiral shell roller is provided with driving pulley I therein, and the low early and high after and horizontal direction of advance of two taper spiral shell rollers has the angle of inclination.
Stalk clamping device described in the present invention comprises two pulley supports; At an angle to each other and the low early and high after and horizontal direction of two pulley support front ends has the angle of inclination, and at least 3 belt pulleys are installed on each pulley support, is with endless-belt on the belt pulley; The rear end of each pulley support is equipped with roller gear; Roller gear and be positioned at the terminal coaxial setting of belt pulley of pulley support, and two gears are meshed, and the end of a roller gear is provided with driving pulley I therein.
On pulley support, also be provided with idler.
Stalk clamping device described in the present invention can also be to comprise two pulley supports; At an angle to each other and the low early and high after and horizontal direction of two pulley support front ends has the angle of inclination; At least 3 belt pulleys are installed on each pulley support, are with endless-belt on the belt pulley, the rear end of each pulley support is equipped with roller gear; The coaxial setting of belt pulley that roller gear is terminal with being positioned at pulley support, and two gears are meshed.On pulley support, be provided with idler.
During the work of this device; Relying on tractor to promote two spill disk rollings at an angle to each other advances; Tractor dynamic power then can pass to the belt pulley of stalk clamping device rear end through belt via power take-off or engine belt pulley, drives clamping device and carries out Working motion.Can be in the rear end of clamping device with crushed stalk, rub and the bale treating apparatus is connected, carry the stalk of coming to carry out further processed to clamping device.
Because the present invention has adopted technique scheme, rely on the disk of disk rooter and the rhizome of the blade that is positioned at the disk outer ledge to cut off during use with crops, be characterized in that soil disturbance is little, power consumption is low, and the work production rate is high.Simple in structure, use easy to maintenance.Can satisfy results and the preceding land clearing requirement of sowing that China's stalk is recycled, realize no-tillage seeding, keep soil moisture, reduce the conservation tillage requirement of the soil erosion.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the device of uprooting of the disc type crops straw among the embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the device of uprooting of the disc type crops straw among the embodiment 2.
Among the figure, 1. gear, 2. rear bearing block, 3. frame, 4. front-end bearing pedestal; 5. divide standing grain device, 6. disk, 7. blade, 8. disk cutter shaft, 9. push rod; 10. bolt hole, 11. taper spiral shell rollers, 12. driving pulley I, 13. belt pulleys, 14. belts; 15. pulley support, 16. roller gears, 17 driving pulley II, 18. idlers.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, the disc type crops straw of the present invention device of uprooting comprises frame 3, is symmetrically arranged with left and right sides push rod 9 in the left and right sides of frame.Wherein, Be provided with the stalk clamping device on the top of frame 3; Inferoanterior in frame 3 is provided with the disk rooter, described disk rooter by about two front ends disk 6 of being mutually certain angle form, two disk, 6 angle bottoms keep certain distance; In the operating process, design angle and the distance of angle bottom between two disk according to the diameter of the degree of depth of crops rhizome and rhizome.
The outer ledge of disk 6 is provided with blade 7, and the front end of push rod is provided with disk cutter shaft 8 in the left and right sides, and left and right disk 6 is assemblied on the Y-axis 8 through bearing respectively.
On frame, be provided with the bolt hole 10 that is used to regulate the disk embedded depth.
Described stalk clamping device is made up of two opposite taper spiral shell rollers 11 of direction of rotation; The front-end and back-end of taper spiral shell roller 11 are assemblied on the frame 3 through fore bearing, front-end bearing pedestal 4 and rear bearing, rear bearing block 2 respectively; The front end of two taper spiral shell rollers 11 is provided with branch standing grain device 5, and the rear end is equipped with gear 1, and two gears are meshed; The end of a taper spiral shell roller is provided with the low early and high after and horizontal direction of advance of driving pulley I 12, two taper spiral shell rollers therein has the angle of inclination.Two taper spiral shell rollers keep low early and high after and horizontal direction of advance that the angle of inclination is arranged.In the operating process, according to the height of after-treatment device (such as crushed stalk, rub and the bale treating apparatus) and the distance between stalk clamping device and the after-treatment device, the angle of design taper spiral shell roller and horizontal direction of advance.The end of a taper spiral shell roller is provided with driving pulley 12 therein.Two opposite and gear 1 transmission motions of taper spiral shell roller 11 direction of rotation through being arranged on the rear end.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 2, the disc type crops straw of the present invention device of uprooting comprises frame 3, is symmetrically arranged with left and right sides push rod 9 in the left and right sides of frame.Wherein, Be provided with the stalk clamping device on the top of frame 3; Inferoanterior in frame 3 is provided with the disk rooter, described disk rooter by about two front ends disk 6 of being mutually certain angle form, two disk, 6 angle bottoms keep certain distance; In the operating process, relate to angle and the distance of angle bottom between two disk according to the diameter of the degree of depth of crops rhizome and rhizome.
The outer ledge of disk 6 is provided with blade 7, and the front end of push rod is provided with disk cutter shaft 8 in the left and right sides, and left and right disk 6 is passed through bearing fixing respectively on Y-axis 8.
Described stalk clamping device comprises two pulley supports 15; At an angle to each other and the low early and high after and horizontal direction of two pulley support 15 front ends has the angle of inclination; In the operating process; According to the height of after-treatment device (such as crushed stalk, rub and the bale treating apparatus) and the distance between stalk clamping device and the after-treatment device, the angle of design taper spiral shell roller and horizontal direction of advance.At least 3 belt pulleys 13 are installed on each pulley support, are with endless-belt 14 on the belt pulley 13, on each pulley support 15, be provided with idler 18.The rear end of each pulley support is equipped with roller gear 16, the coaxial setting of belt pulley that roller gear 16 is terminal with being positioned at pulley support, and two gears are meshed.One of them belt pulley drives two belt clamping crops straw motions through driving pulley II 17 transferring power.
Operation principle of the present invention is following:
During the work of this device, can the device of uprooting be fixed on the front portion of tractor, the power of tractor passes to the terminal driving pulley of stalk clamping device via engine belt pulley through belt.The opening direction of two spill disk at an angle to each other rolls forward over against agricultural crop straw; Two disk are cut off the stalk main root or are grasped in soil, the blade in the disk outside becomes flexible the peripheral soil of root in the cutting disc rotary movement and fibrous root is cut off.The continuation that switches to along with disk is rolled, and stalk root and root soil are cut rotation with the spill disk, take ground out of, and goes out ground after root soil thrown to, and stalk dumps forward, and simultaneously, the stalk clamping device is the stalk clamping, and is delivered to after-treatment device to the rear portion.

Claims (5)

1. disc type crops straw device of uprooting; Comprise frame (3); Be symmetrically arranged with left and right push rod (9) in the left and right sides of frame (3), it is characterized in that: the top in frame (3) is provided with the stalk clamping device, is provided with the disk rooter at the inferoanterior of frame (3); Described disk rooter by about two disk at an angle to each other (6) form; The outer ledge of disk (6) is provided with blade (7), is provided with axle (8) at the front end of push rod (9), and left and right disk (6) is assemblied on the Y-axis through bearing respectively.
2. the disc type crops straw according to claim 1 device of uprooting is characterized in that: on frame (3), be provided with the bolt hole (10) that is used to regulate the disk embedded depth.
3. the disc type crops straw according to claim 1 and 2 device of uprooting; It is characterized in that: described stalk clamping device is made up of two opposite taper spiral shell rollers (11) of direction of rotation; The front-end and back-end of taper spiral shell roller (11) are assemblied on the frame (3) through fore bearing, front-end bearing pedestal (4) and rear bearing, rear bearing block (2) respectively; The front end of two taper spiral shell rollers (11) is provided with branch standing grain device (5), and the rear end is equipped with gear (1), and two gears are meshed; The end of a taper spiral shell roller is provided with driving pulley I (12) therein, and the low early and high after and horizontal direction of advance of two taper spiral shell rollers has the angle of inclination.
4. the disc type crops straw according to claim 1 and 2 device of uprooting; It is characterized in that: described stalk clamping device comprises two pulley supports (15); At an angle to each other and the low early and high after and horizontal direction of two pulley supports (15) front end has the angle of inclination, and at least 3 belt pulleys (13) are installed on each pulley support, is with endless-belt (14) on the belt pulley (13); The rear end of each pulley support is equipped with roller gear (16); Roller gear (16) and be positioned at the terminal coaxial setting of belt pulley of pulley support, and two gears are meshed, and the end of a roller gear is provided with driving pulley I (17) therein.
5. the disc type crops straw according to claim 4 device of uprooting is characterized in that: on pulley support (15), be provided with idler (18).
CN2009101723399A 2009-09-30 2009-09-30 Round disc type plant straw uprooting device Expired - Fee Related CN102027838B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101723399A CN102027838B (en) 2009-09-30 2009-09-30 Round disc type plant straw uprooting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101723399A CN102027838B (en) 2009-09-30 2009-09-30 Round disc type plant straw uprooting device

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CN102027838A CN102027838A (en) 2011-04-27
CN102027838B true CN102027838B (en) 2012-11-14

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103004360B (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-12-24 中国农业大学 Stubble removing and remained film recovering machine
CN105123508B (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-07-07 中国农业大学 Double-arc spline corn takes out male device
CN107439067A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-12-08 新疆农垦科学院 A kind of crop material root stubble shearing device
CN112997664A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-06-22 云阳县凌坤中药材种植园 Excavation method of paris polyphylla excavation device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2139343Y (en) * 1992-11-12 1993-08-04 山东省夏津农业开发服务公司 Double-row cotton stalk puller
CN2678332Y (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-02-16 石家庄市金达机械厂 Stalk harvester
CN101032202A (en) * 2007-04-06 2007-09-12 吴春林 Recovery separator of cotton stalk and membrane

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2139343Y (en) * 1992-11-12 1993-08-04 山东省夏津农业开发服务公司 Double-row cotton stalk puller
CN2678332Y (en) * 2004-03-02 2005-02-16 石家庄市金达机械厂 Stalk harvester
CN101032202A (en) * 2007-04-06 2007-09-12 吴春林 Recovery separator of cotton stalk and membrane

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP特开2000-2A 2000.01.07

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Granted publication date: 20121114

Termination date: 20130930