CN102487659B - Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester - Google Patents

Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102487659B
CN102487659B CN 201110454486 CN201110454486A CN102487659B CN 102487659 B CN102487659 B CN 102487659B CN 201110454486 CN201110454486 CN 201110454486 CN 201110454486 A CN201110454486 A CN 201110454486A CN 102487659 B CN102487659 B CN 102487659B
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China
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stalk
chopping
roller
self
harvester
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CN 201110454486
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CN102487659A (en
Inventor
陈明江
陈永生
朱德文
平英华
胡桧
曲浩丽
李瑞容
杨雅婷
宋锋
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN 201110454486 priority patent/CN102487659B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester, and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The harvester comprises a cutting table, a chopping component and a collecting box which are arranged in a travelling machine, wherein the cutting table is arranged at the front end of the travelling machine and connected with the chopping component through a conveying bridge, and the chopping component is connected with the collecting box through a conveying component; a rotatable horizontal stalk pulling roller driven by a transmission device is arranged on the lower part of the front end of the cutting table, the stalk pulling roller consists of a stalk pulling shaft with a rectangular section and adjacent vertical stalk pulling racks respectively extended from each side of the rectangle, and each stalk pulling rack is provided with V-shaped stalk pulling teeth distributed at intervals; and relatively rotating vertical reels driven by the transmission device are respectively arranged on a cutting table bottom plate on two sides of the rear part of the stalk pulling roller, reel slats are distributed on the external circle of each reel at intervals, and a baffle plate gradually collected from the position close to each reel to the conveying bridge is arranged above each of the two reels. The harvester has the advantages that stubbles are not left and the harvesting procedures are simple.

Description

The self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stalk cutting machinery, relate in particular to a kind of self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
At present, domestic cotton stalk mechanized harvest mode mainly can be divided into and pulls out two kinds of stalk results and cutting results.Pull out stalk results take application number as 200720033978.3, name be called " a kind of cotton-stalk harvester " patented technology as typical structure, at first by stalk pulling machine, cotton stalk is extracted and is concentrated stacking from soil, pick up collection by artificial or machinery again, concentrate at last pulverizing, as biomass fuel or the raw material of industry.Because this harvesting approach operation is many, so cost is higher.The cutting harvesting approach take 200810057215.1, name be called " self-propelling cotton stalk combine " Chinese patent as representative, similar with harvesting wheat, first with cutter, cotton stalk is cut off from root, then is delivered to cutter mill and pulverizes.Because cotton stalk wood fibre content is high, the stem stalk is sturdy, during cutting power consumption large, cutter serious wear, and cotton stalk root stubble is left in soil, not perishable, bring difficulty for next batch plant growth.
Cotton stalk more and more is subject to people's attention at energy starved as the biomass fuel of high-quality today, and cotton stalk is also the raw material of industry of high-quality, can be used for papermaking and pressing plate etc.Cotton stalk is carried out mechanized harvest, and reducing costs becomes current problem in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: the weak point for above-mentioned prior art exists, a kind of root stubble that do not stay is proposed, and the simple and direct self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester of results operation, provide more applicable machinery thereby gather in the crops for cotton stalk.
In order to achieve the above object: self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester of the present invention comprises the ceding of Taiwan, chopping parts and the Material collecting box for harvesting that is placed on walking machine, the described ceding of Taiwan is placed in the walking machine front end, passing a bridge by conveying is connected with the chopping parts, and described chopping parts are connected with Material collecting box for harvesting by transfer unit; Described ceding of Taiwan front end bottom is equipped with the rotatable level that transmission device drives and is pulled out the stalk roller, described pull out the stalk roller by the cross section be rectangle pull out the stalk axle with from each face of rectangle respectively the extended adjacent vertical stalk tooth bar that pulls out form, described pulling out has V font spaced apart and pulls out the stalk tooth on the stalk tooth bar; The described vertical straw shift wheel of relative rotation of settling respectively transmission device to drive on the ceding of Taiwan base plate of both sides, stalk roller rear portion that pulls out, the cylindrical of described straw shift wheel is intervally distributed with dials the standing grain sheet, and described two straw shift wheels tops are equipped with respectively by the contiguous stalk roller place of pulling out and are gathered gradually the baffle plate of passing a bridge to carrying.
When walking machine moves ahead, pull out the stalk tooth and pitch into cotton stalk, under the turning effort of pulling out the stalk roller, constantly cotton stalk is pulled up from the bottom, under the acting in conjunction of straw shift wheel, be allocated to and carried the gap bridge direction, and under the constraint of baffle plate, gathered gradually simultaneously.Be transferred to afterwards the chopping parts by carry passing a bridge, the cotton stalk after chopping is transported in Material collecting box for harvesting by transfer unit, thus complete cotton stalk pull out stalk chopping harvester tool equalization.
The present invention is fixed on that orthogonal on the square-section to pull out the stalk tooth bar not only simple in structure, easy for installation, and when horizontal level pulls out the stalk tooth bar and pitches into cotton stalk, the upright position pull out the stalk tooth bar play pushing and pressing cotton stalk keep its upright effect, therefore be more convenient for being pulled up, and be conducive to pull up the vertical straw shift wheel of rear quilt and pull over.The baffle plate of ceding of Taiwan setting makes cotton stalk gather to the centre, has prevented that cotton stalk from being brought into ceding of Taiwan dead angle by straw shift wheel, have advantages of do not stay the root stubble and the results operation simple and direct.
The present invention further improves, and the tooth paddy place that described V font pulls out the stalk tooth has the cutting edge that lower surface is formed slopely.Like this, when fork entered cotton stalk, cutting edge can be cut the stalk skin, thereby in the time of can guaranteeing to rotate, cotton stalk be pulled up.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the complete machine structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention one.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the ceding of Taiwan and the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of carrying bridge portion in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram that pulls out the stalk roller in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the end view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of carrying bridge portion in Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is the vertical view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of chopping parts in Fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is the end view of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram of transfer unit in Fig. 1.
Figure 11 is the end view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the cross section structure for amplifying schematic diagram that pulls out the stalk tooth bar in Fig. 4.
In figure: 1-ceding of Taiwan 2-carries gap bridge 3-driver's cabin 4-chopping parts 5-transfer unit 6-chassis 7-engine 8-Material collecting box for harvesting 9-to pull out the vertical straw shift wheel 11-of stalk roller 10-baffle plate 12 ceding of Taiwan base plate 13-first secondary 14-of conveying roller the second secondary 15-of conveying roller and pulls out stalk tooth bar 16-and pull out stalk axle 17-first lower roller 18-first upper roller 19-second lower roller 20-the second upper roller 21-gap bridge housing 22-moving knife 23-stationary knife 24-screw auger 25-scraping plate conveying device.
Embodiment
The self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester basic structure of the present embodiment comprises being placed in walking machine as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2---the Material collecting box for harvesting 8 at the ceding of Taiwan 1 of reaping machine front end, the chopping parts 4 at middle part and rear portion.The ceding of Taiwan 1 that is placed in the walking machine front end is passed a bridge by conveying and 2 is connected with chopping parts 4, and chopping parts 4 pass through transfer unit 5 and are connected with Material collecting box for harvesting 8.
As Fig. 3, Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5, the ceding of Taiwan 1 front end bottom is equipped with the rotatable level that transmission device drives and is pulled out stalk roller 9, pull out the stalk roller by the cross section be rectangle pull out stalk axle 16 with from each face of rectangle respectively the extended adjacent vertical stalk tooth bar 15 that pulls out form, pull out and have V font spaced apart on stalk tooth bar 15 and pull out the stalk tooth, the tooth paddy place that the V font pulls out the stalk tooth has the cutting edge (referring to Figure 12) that lower surface is formed slopely.Pull out the vertical straw shift wheel 10 of relative rotation of settling respectively transmission device to drive on the ceding of Taiwan base plate 12 of stalk roller 9 both sides, rear portion.The cylindrical of straw shift wheel 10 is intervally distributed with dials the standing grain sheet, and two straw shift wheel 10 tops are equipped with respectively by contiguous stalk roller 9 places of pulling out and are gathered gradually to carrying 2 the baffle plate 11 of passing a bridge.Ceding of Taiwan base plate 12 is low early and high after heeling condition.During work, pull out the stalk roller due to the advancing and self rotate cotton stalk is sandwiched between V-notch of reaping machine, especially cutting edge can be cut the stalk skin, thereby produces enough frictional force, and it is pulled up and transmits rearward.Cotton stalk is stirred backward by vertical straw shift wheel after pulling out the stalk roller and pulling up, and baffle plate makes cotton stalk gather to the centre to enter to carry passes a bridge, and prevents that cotton stalk from being brought into ceding of Taiwan dead angle by straw shift wheel.Ceding of Taiwan base plate is inclined makes cotton stalk more easily enter pair roller mechanism, also makes simultaneously to pull out the earth that stalk takes out of and easily drop under Action of Gravity Field.
Conveying shown in Figure 6 is passed a bridge and is made of two groups of pair roller mechanisms that are arranged on respectively gap bridge housing 21 front and back, and first group of pair roller mechanism is made of the first upper and lower conveying roller 18,17, and second group of pair roller mechanism is made of the second upper and lower conveying roller 20,19.Cotton stalk is entered by the ceding of Taiwan and carries when passing a bridge, and two groups of pair roller mechanisms roll it, then are transported to the chopping parts.The first upper roller 18 consists of the lifting moving pair with gap bridge housing 21, and the spring that makes its trend compress the first lower roller 17 is equipped with in its top, therefore can effectively roll cotton stalk, avoids clamping stagnation.
Fig. 7, chopping parts shown in Figure 8 are peripheral and consist of with stationary knife 23 that moving knife forms otch by being placed in one group of moving knife 22 on rotating shaft and being fixed on rotating shaft.The cutting edge of moving knife 22 and stationary knife 23 all with the axis Special composition inclination angle of rotating shaft, and the angle of inclination of moving knife and stationary knife cutting edge and the axis of rotating shaft are symmetrical, therefore form the guillotine cutting cutting edge with stationary knife 23 in rotary course, produce shear effect in the chopping process, reduce power consumption, and blade is processed easily.
Fig. 9, Figure 10, transfer unit shown in Figure 11 are arranged on the chopping parts back lower place, are comprised of flat spin auger 24 and the scraping plate conveying device 25 that is arranged on the screw auger output, and the output of this scraping plate conveying device 25 is connected with Material collecting box for harvesting 8.After cotton stalk was shredded, because the effect of self gravitation and inertia is got rid of to the chopping parts back lower place, screw auger 24 was delivered to a side with it, then by scraping plate conveying device 25 with its scraping delivery to Material collecting box for harvesting 8.
Facts have proved, the self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester of the present embodiment has the following advantages:
1, full-depth tooth is pulled out the stalk roller and can be in ceding of Taiwan fabric width cotton stalk be carried out to the row results, disposablely completes that cotton stalk is pulled out, carried, chopping, header operation, has reduced the results cost, can adapt to the cropping system of different regions.
2, adopt cotton stalk to pull out harvesting approach, avoid staying the root stubble, bring convenience for next batch crop-planting.
3, adopt vertical straw shift wheel structure, more meet cotton stalk growth characteristics.
4, carry to pass a bridge adopt two groups of pair roller mechanisms; both played the conveying effect; before chopping, cotton stalk is rolled again; reduced the chopping required drive, effectively protection chopping parts, reduced mechanical disorder; extended the service life of blade; especially in first group of pair roller type mechanism, feeding roller is floating type, can automatically adjust the opening amplitude according to inlet amount, protection driving-chain when load increases suddenly.
5, moving knife and/or stationary knife and axioversion are installed, and moving knife and stationary knife cutting edge and axis angle symmetry, can guarantee that moving knife is consistent with the gap between stationary knife, be conducive to reduce machine vibration, and produce shear effect in the chopping process, can reduce power consumption.
6, adopt helical feed and scraper plate to carry the mode of gathering materials that combines, reduced dust pollution, greatly improved driver's working environment.

Claims (7)

1. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester, comprise the ceding of Taiwan, chopping parts and the Material collecting box for harvesting that are placed on walking machine, the described ceding of Taiwan is placed in the walking machine front end, and passing a bridge by conveying is connected with the chopping parts, and described chopping parts are connected with Material collecting box for harvesting by transfer unit; It is characterized in that: described ceding of Taiwan front end bottom is equipped with the rotatable level that transmission device drives and is pulled out the stalk roller, described pull out the stalk roller by the cross section be rectangle pull out the stalk axle with from each face of rectangle respectively the extended adjacent vertical stalk tooth bar that pulls out form, described pulling out has V font spaced apart and pulls out the stalk tooth on the stalk tooth bar; The described vertical straw shift wheel of relative rotation of settling respectively transmission device to drive on the ceding of Taiwan base plate of both sides, stalk roller rear portion that pulls out, the cylindrical of described straw shift wheel is intervally distributed with dials the standing grain sheet, and two described straw shift wheels tops are equipped with respectively by the contiguous stalk roller place of pulling out and are gathered gradually the baffle plate of passing a bridge to carrying.
2. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the tooth paddy place that described V font pulls out the stalk tooth has the cutting edge that lower surface is formed slopely.
3. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described ceding of Taiwan base plate is low early and high after heeling condition.
4. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described conveying is passed a bridge and is made of two groups of pair roller mechanisms that are arranged on respectively before and after the gap bridge housing.
5. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester according to claim 4 is characterized in that: it is secondary that the upper roller of described first group of pair roller mechanism and described gap bridge housing consist of lifting moving, and the spring that makes its trend compress corresponding lower roller is equipped with in its top.
6. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described chopping parts are peripheral and consist of with stationary knife that moving knife forms otch by being placed in one group of moving knife on rotating shaft and being fixed on rotating shaft, the cutting edge of described moving knife and stationary knife all with the axis Special composition inclination angle of described rotating shaft, and the axis of the angle of inclination of moving knife and stationary knife cutting edge and rotating shaft is symmetrical.
7. self-propelled cotton stalk pulling chopping harvester according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described transfer unit is arranged on the chopping parts back lower place, be comprised of flat spin auger and the scraping plate conveying device that is arranged on the screw auger output, the output of described scraping plate conveying device is connected with Material collecting box for harvesting.
CN 201110454486 2011-09-20 2011-12-30 Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester Active CN102487659B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110278643.9 2011-09-20
CN201110278643 2011-09-20
CN 201110454486 CN102487659B (en) 2011-09-20 2011-12-30 Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110454486 CN102487659B (en) 2011-09-20 2011-12-30 Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester

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CN102487659B true CN102487659B (en) 2013-06-12

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105917876A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-09-07 浙江大学 Feeding and shredding device of silage maize harvester
CN109964627B (en) * 2019-03-25 2020-07-17 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and residual film collecting combined machine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200994283Y (en) * 2007-02-02 2007-12-26 颜达海 Cotton stalk harvester
CN101496472A (en) * 2008-01-30 2009-08-05 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled cotton stalk combine-harvester
CN202374710U (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-08-15 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7007449B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2006-03-07 Duane Kido Onion harvester with leaf topper

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200994283Y (en) * 2007-02-02 2007-12-26 颜达海 Cotton stalk harvester
CN101496472A (en) * 2008-01-30 2009-08-05 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled cotton stalk combine-harvester
CN202374710U (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-08-15 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Self-propelled cotton stalk pulling and chopping harvester

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