CN202603218U - Multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester - Google Patents

Multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202603218U
CN202603218U CN 201220094303 CN201220094303U CN202603218U CN 202603218 U CN202603218 U CN 202603218U CN 201220094303 CN201220094303 CN 201220094303 CN 201220094303 U CN201220094303 U CN 201220094303U CN 202603218 U CN202603218 U CN 202603218U
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
plate assembly
cutter
pulling chain
cutter plate
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CN 201220094303
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董长安
李亚萍
刘佰瑞
严斌
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董长安
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester which at least comprises a main frame. A harvesting part, a walking part and a grass collecting box are arranged on the main frame. The multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester is characterized in that the harvesting part is a cutting table (1) for harvesting whole corn plants. The cutting table (1) comprises a no-row cutting device (2), an ear smashing device (3), a fan (5), a grass-collecting auger (7), a suspension machine frame (6) and a lifting machine frame (4). The no-row cutting device (2) is connected to the front of the walking part, the grass-collecting auger (7) is fixed below the suspension machine frame (6), the ear smashing device (3) is fixed below the back of the suspension machine frame (6), and the fan (5) is fixed on the outer side of the cutting table (1). According to the multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester, the cutting table can be assembled conveniently and rapidly as needed, forage grass quality is improved, no-row harvest is achieved, and the multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester is reasonable in layout, compact in structure, small in size and light in weight, can perform harvesting in large and small land parcels and is multi-purpose.

Description

A kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical field, particularly a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine.
Background technology
Corn silage, harvest corn are the big manual labors of a labour intensity high workload amount always.Single with large-scale, big power function more than the at present domestic and international corn silage machinery is main; And maize harvesting machine almost all is the horizontal fringe of plucking, and cane is with the field-returning machine chopping and returning in addition, can not reclaim basically; Reluctantly recovery also is that to contain native impurity big; Of poor quality, be difficult to reach cattle and sheep and cross the abdomen standard, see from the domestic and international maize harvesting machine type that has at present; Corncob and stalk type on the practical significance almost is a blank out, and can never report at present from the compound machinery of multifunctional corn ensiling that makes corn silage, corncob and stalk, receipts fringe straw-returning.
Because cropping pattern in all parts of the country is different, line-spacing width differs, and agricultural machinery agronomy is difficult to supporting.And the roll-type maize harvesting machine that crouches at present is difficult to separate never to row harvesting problem; Repeatedly improvement is revised, and can only increase ear-picking unit quantity and solve by dwindling the ear-picking unit spacing; Its structure becomes increasingly complex; Weight increases, and is to cure the symptoms, not the disease, and fails fundamentally to separate never to row harvesting problem.
Summary of the invention
One of purpose of the utility model provides a kind of green corn feed material reaping machine, and this green corn feed material harvester cutting bench adopts the combination of edger roll functional block assembled unit, fruit ear, cane is pressed different quality separately handle; Can disposable completion whole strain corn cutting, pluck fringe, draw that stem is rubbed, cane is pulverized; And fruit ear is carried and fruit ear is pulverized, and mixes the collection dress at last, and unit carries the careless case of collection; Operation need not cleared the way, but also can connect grass with car.
Two of the purpose of the utility model is the stem cutting devices that on the basis of this machine said structure, increase the functional block assembled unit, solves edger roll not to row harvesting corn problem.
Three of the purpose of the utility model is on the basis of this unit said structure, to set up rear rack to take in operation concurrently to be adapted to corn ears and stems.
Four of the purpose of the utility model is fruit ear and forage grass packing when on the basis of this machine said structure, providing corn ears and stems to take in operation concurrently, divides release mechanism; When clearing the way, slip field, headland turn, operation need not connect grass with car; The land for growing field crops also can connect grass with car, and the raising machine is received operating efficiency.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine; Which comprises at least main car frame; Results part and running gear are set on this vehicle frame and collect careless case, the results part is the ceding of Taiwan of the whole strain corn of results, and it comprises not to row cutter sweep, fruit ear reducing mechanism, blower fan, collection grass screw feeder, suspension frame, elevator platform; The row cutter sweep is not connected the place ahead of running gear through elevator platform; Collect careless screw feeder and be fixed on the below that hangs frame, the fruit ear reducing mechanism is fixed on the back lower place of suspension frame, and blower fan is fixed on the outside of the ceding of Taiwan.
The dynamic central siphon in the top of described suspension frame; The power of the engine producing of running gear and intermediate reduction gear device are in transmission connection; The intermediate reduction gear device is in transmission connection through Cardan shaft and power central siphon, and the elevator platform of the ceding of Taiwan is fixedly connected on the middle part of ceding of Taiwan power central siphon through two lifting arm symmetries, the both sides of elevator platform fixing respectively one group not to the row cutter sweep; The center fixed of elevator platform is equipped with preceding elevator; Preceding elevator can be with elevator platform, to going cutter sweep with rising with not falling, and the conveying scraper plate of preceding elevator is a steel plate, and the upper edge of conveying scraper plate is a zigzag.
Describedly the row cutter sweep not which comprises at least by vertical snapping bar, draws stem roller and cane to pulverize harvesting unit, clamping convey device, cutter plate assembly that assembly constitutes; The harvesting unit dead ahead is a clamping convey device; The clamping chain of clamping convey device is in transmission connection snapping bar in the harvesting unit and cutter plate assembly; And with transmission of power to cutter plate assembly; Drive cutter plate assembly rotary operation, the outer plate of clamping chain is a dentation, and clamping chain is arranged on vertical snapping bar bottom 1/3 and highly locates.
Last the place ahead of described clamping convey device is fixed with the pressure feeding unit; Force feeding unit to comprise and force rice-pulling chain, rice-pulling chain wheel, rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus and weeding stationary knife; The rice-pulling chain wheel is fixed on cutter plate assembly top axle head, and the rice-pulling chain wheel is in transmission connection with forcing rice-pulling chain and rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus.
Described cutter plate assembly comprises movable knife disc, anti-grass tube, cut-out cutter shaft, clamping sprocket wheel and the rice-pulling chain wheel of twining; The anti-grass tube that twines divides two sections, and the anti-up and down grass tube that twines twines a mount pad that the grass tube is provided with and is fixedly connected and is integral through hypomere is anti-, also is fixed with the weeding stationary knife on the mount pad simultaneously; The cutting cutter shaft is contained in anti-twining in the grass tube through bearing holder (housing, cover); Axle head is fixed with movable knife disc below the cutting cutter shaft, and the middle part is fixed with the clamping sprocket wheel, and the upper axial of cutting cutter shaft is fixed with the rice-pulling chain wheel; The clamping sprocket wheel is in transmission connection through the vertical snapping bar of clamping chain and harvesting unit; The rice-pulling chain wheel is in transmission connection with forcing rice-pulling chain, and the cutter plate assembly also is fixedly connected on not to the dead ahead of row cutter sweep through the anti-mount pad that twines the grass tube, also is fixed with grain lifter in the ceding of Taiwan.
When the described ceding of Taiwan is installed two or more not to the row cutter sweep; Be positioned at all fixing two groups of cutter plate assemblies in the harvesting unit outside of whole ceding of Taiwan both sides; There is the clamping sprocket wheel at cutter plate assembly middle part near harvesting unit in two groups of cutter plate assemblies; This clamping sprocket wheel is in transmission connection through the vertical snapping bar of clamping chain and harvesting unit, and the fixing rice-pulling chain wheel of everything disc cutterbar assembly top axle head is in transmission connection through forcing rice-pulling chain and another disc cutterbar assembly in addition.Two adjacent sides of adjacent harvesting unit respectively are fixed with one group of cutter plate assembly, in the middle of two harvesting unit, install simultaneously a cutter plate assembly in addition additional, and are in transmission connection with any one group of cutter plate assembly of two adjacent harvesting unit sides adjacent positions; Another cutter plate assembly top axle head that the cutter plate assembly that wherein installs additional with the centre is in transmission connection has two rice-pulling chains wheels; A rice-pulling chain wheel is in transmission connection through chain and the cutter plate assembly that installs additional; Another rice-pulling chain wheel is connected with the pressure rice-pulling chain through the rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus, and the cutter plate assembly that the centre position installs additional is not connected with forcing rice-pulling chain
The horizontal front wide and rear narrow distribution of a plurality of cutter plate assemblies that install in described each harvesting unit front, the pressure rice-pulling chain of installing above the cutter plate assembly is formed centrally a horn mouth in clamping chain being, the wide 800mm of horn mouth mouth; The cutter plate assembly is fusion distribution each other laterally, and coverage rate is the fabric width of the whole ceding of Taiwan, and the movable knife disc minimum point of each cutter plate assembly is all the time on same plane; Vertical snapping bar divides two sections, and last segment length is the 400-500 millimeter, lower end length 150-200 millimeter; During general feed quantity, vertical snapping bar, draw the stem roller to take diameter 73-100 millimeter, during big feed quantity; Vertical snapping bar diameter is at the 100-130 millimeter; Take long pitch double helix,, solve big feed quantity problem to accelerate, to strengthen cane feeding speed.
Described running gear comprises the transmission mechanism of the power take-off of walked frame, engine and engine to ceding of Taiwan transferring power; This power drive mechanism comprises stepless speed regulation, Cardan shaft, intermediate reduction gear device; The power take-off and the stepless speed regulation of engine are in transmission connection; Drive this machine stepless speed regulation walking through stepless speed regulation; The power take-off of engine also is in transmission connection with the intermediate reduction gear device simultaneously, and intermediate reduction gear device and Cardan shaft are in transmission connection.
Be coated with baffle plate on the fruit ear reducing mechanism of the elevator back lower place before described, and in the back lower place of fruit ear reducing mechanism fixing rear rack, preceding elevator, fruit ear reducing mechanism and rear rack are claimed the scalariform distribution successively from the top down.
The centre of the careless case of described collection is removably connected with movable partition wall, and the careless case of collection is divided into two, and top is the careless case of collecting forage grass, and the bottom is the fruit ear case of collection dress fruit ear, and an end active link of movable partition wall is in careless case bottom, and the other end and careless chamber door overlap.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: modular unit body combination technique is adopted in (1) ceding of Taiwan, can assemble the ceding of Taiwan easily and efficiently as required.(2) corn ear and stem stalk separately cut up with a hay cutter by different quality and cut, and many mouthfuls of processing improve the forage grass quality.(3) realize not to the row harvesting.Cracked the difficult problem that agricultural machinery combines with agronomy.(4) compound machinery exchanges several parts and just can realize that ensiling, stalk-spike-reaping or hand hay cutter are cut and the field operation.(5) tanker, careless case are with the car one.Zoarium is one during ensiling, installs during corncob and stalk that dividing plate gets final product fruit ear, forage grass packing branch unloads additional, does not shed, with car.(6) rationally distributed, compact conformation, little, in light weight, the big or small plot of volume can both be gathered in.(7) a tractor serves several purposes, the activity duration is long, and cost recovery is fast.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the embodiment accompanying drawing the utility model is further specified:
Fig. 1 is a green fodder reaping machine structural representation;
Fig. 2 is not to row cutter sweep structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the outer plate sketch map as a result of clamping chain;
Fig. 4 is a cutter plate assembly structure sketch map;
Fig. 5 is that preceding elevator is carried the scraper plate sketch map;
Fig. 6 is not to row cutter sweep distribution schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 increases parts and accomplishes corncob and stalk operation structure sketch map;
Among the figure: 1, the ceding of Taiwan; 2, not to the row cutter sweep; 3, fruit ear reducing mechanism; 4, elevator platform; 5, blower fan; 6, suspension frame; 7, collect careless screw feeder; 8, walked frame; 9, engine; 10, stepless speed regulation; 11, Cardan shaft; 12, intermediate reduction gear device; 13, power central siphon; 14, preceding elevator; 15, belt pulley; 16, carry scraper plate; 17, baffle plate; 18, rear rack; 19, collect careless case; 20, movable partition wall; 21, careless case; 22, fruit ear case; 2-1, harvesting unit; 2-2, clamping chain; 2-3, cut-out cutter shaft; 2-4, cutter plate assembly; 2-5, pressure rice-pulling chain; 2-6, grain lifter; 2-7, vertical snapping bar; 2-8, draw the stem roller; The 2-9 cane is pulverized assembly; 2-10, movable knife disc; 2-11, the anti-grass tube that twines; 2-12, clamping sprocket wheel; 2-13, rice-pulling chain wheel; 2-14, outer plate; 2-15, weeding stationary knife.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine; As shown in Figure 1, which comprises at least main car frame, results part and running gear are set on this vehicle frame and collect careless case; The results part is the ceding of Taiwan 1 of the whole strain corn of results; It comprises not the careless screw feeder of row cutter sweep 2, fruit ear reducing mechanism 3, blower fan 5, collection 7, suspension frame 6, elevator platform 4, row cutter sweep 2 is not connected the place ahead of running gear through elevator platform 4, collects the below that careless screw feeder 7 is fixed on suspension frame 6; Fruit ear reducing mechanism 3 is fixed on the back lower place of suspension frame 6, and blower fan 5 is fixed on the outside of the ceding of Taiwan 1.
Be connected the suspension frame 6 in running gear the place ahead, by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM elevator platform 4 30 ° of rotations up and down of the ceding of Taiwan 1, operating angle is controlled cutting height according to horizontal plane for being rotated down 18-25 °.
The dynamic central siphon 13 in top of suspension frame 6; Power and intermediate reduction gear device 12 that the engine 9 of running gear produces are in transmission connection; Intermediate reduction gear device 12 is in transmission connection through Cardan shaft 11 and power central siphon 13; The elevator platform 4 of the ceding of Taiwan 1 is fixedly connected on the middle part of ceding of Taiwan power central siphon 13 through two lifting arm symmetries; The both sides of elevator platform 4 fixing respectively one group not to row cutter sweep 2, the center fixed of elevator platform 4 is equipped with preceding elevator 14, preceding elevator 14 can be with elevator platform 4, row cutter sweep 2 is not fallen with rising together by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM.
Before the conveying scraper plate 16 of elevator 14 adopt steel plates to make, and the upper edge of scraper plate is made into zigzag, sees Fig. 5, prevents that material skids to cause in the course of conveying to block up, can be in time, convey materials completely.
Concrete work engineering is: during the work of this multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine; Earlier through row cutter sweep 2 not being cut bar, conveying; Pluck fringe again, draw stem to rub to cut with cane hand hay cutter; The cane direct throwing of hand hay cutter after cutting is delivered to blower fan 5 by the careless screw feeder 7 of collection again to collecting careless screw feeder 7, and the fruit ear of taking by preceding elevator 14 be delivered to fruit ear reducing mechanism 3 pulverize the back throw to collect careless screw feeder 7 after broken cane mixes by blower fan 5 collection dresses.
Embodiment 2
Row cutter sweep 2 mainly not being made up of harvesting unit 2-1, clamping chain 2-2, cut-out cutter shaft 2-3, cutter plate assembly 2-4, pressure rice-pulling chain 2-5, grain lifter 2-6 of the foregoing description seen Fig. 2.
Harvesting unit 2-1 by vertical snapping bar 2-7, draw stem roller 2-8 and cane to pulverize assembly 2-9 to form; Wherein vertical snapping bar 2-7, draw the annexation of relevant each parts in the patent application of the application number 2008101848239 that structure that stem roller 2-8 and cane pulverize assembly 2-9 and the utility model patentee apply for identical, no longer be described in detail here; Wherein vertical snapping bar 2-7 divides two sections, and epimere mainly works the fringe effect of plucking, and length is the 400-500 millimeter; The lower end is play and auxiliary is drawn the stem effect, and length 150-200 millimeter, draws the stem roller to take diameter 73-100 millimeter at general feed quantity snapping bar; The snapping bar diameter is taked long pitch during big feed quantity when the 100-130 millimeter; Double helix strengthens, accelerates cane feeding speed, solves big feed quantity problem.
Harvesting unit 2-1 dead ahead is a clamping convey device; Clamping convey device comprises the tensioning apparatus of clamping chain 2-2 and clamping chain thereof, and clamping chain 2-2 is in transmission connection snapping bar 2-7 in the harvesting unit and cutter plate assembly 2-4, and with transmission of power to cutter plate assembly 2-4; Drive cutter plate assembly 2-4 rotary operation; Clamping chain 2-2 adopts special chain, and the outer plate 2-14 of clamping chain 2-2 is made into dentation, sees Fig. 3; Make clamping chain clamping material when operation more reliable, do not produce and skid.
Last the place ahead of clamping convey device is fixed with the pressure feeding unit; Force feeding unit to comprise and force rice-pulling chain 2-5, rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 and rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus; Rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 is fixed on cutter plate assembly 2-4 top axle head; Rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 is in transmission connection with forcing rice-pulling chain 2-5 and rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus, drives rice-pulling chain 2-5 through rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 in the cutter plate assembly 2-4 rotary course and forces feeding.
As shown in Figure 4, cutter plate assembly 2-4 comprises movable knife disc 2-10, anti-grass tube 2-11, cut-out cutter shaft 2-3, clamping sprocket wheel 2-12, rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 and the weeding stationary knife 2-15 of twining, the anti-grass 2-11 that twines of welding in the ceding of Taiwan 1; The anti-grass tube 2-11 that twines divides two sections; Prevent twining a careless 2-11 up and down and be integral through the anti-mount pad fixed connection that twines a grass 2-11 setting of hypomere, also be fixed with weeding stationary knife 2-15 on the mount pad simultaneously, cutting cutter shaft 2-3 is contained in through bearing holder (housing, cover) and prevents twining in the careless 2-11; Axle head is fixed with movable knife disc 2-10 below the cutting cutter shaft 2-3; The middle part is fixed with clamping sprocket wheel 2-12, and the upper axial of cutting cutter shaft 2-3 is fixed with rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13, and clamping sprocket wheel 2-12 is in transmission connection through the vertical snapping bar 2-7 of clamping chain 2-2 and harvesting unit 2-1; Rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 is in transmission connection with forcing rice-pulling chain 2-5; Snapping bar 2-7 by harvesting unit 2-1 cuts off cutter shaft 2-3 rotation through clamping chain 2-2 drive, and cut-out cutter shaft 2-3 drives movable knife disc 2-7 and carries out cutting work, and while rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 drives pressure rice-pulling chain 2-5 and forces to dial standing grain; Also be fixed with grain lifter 2-6 in the ceding of Taiwan 1, grain lifter 2-6 cooperation holds up standing grain to carry out operation in the time of cutting.
Are not the main shaft inputs of pulverizing assembly 2-9 by cane through the Cardan shaft 15 that is in transmission connection with power central siphon 13 or V-belt to the total output of row cutter sweep 2; Drive vertical snapping bar 2-7 then successively, draw stem roller 2-8 to rotate, the clamping chain 2-2 of clamping convey device also drives harvesting unit 2-1 and forces feeding unit work when carrying cane.
The clamping chain 2-2 of clamping convey device is arranged on vertical snapping bar 2-7 bottom 1/3 and highly locates; Controlled ceding of Taiwan clamping corn stem gets vertical height like this; Make bite as far as possible near the corn straw focus point, cut and pounce on before being difficult for behind the stem, and be prone to pluck fringe; Charging is even up and down in the ceding of Taiwan, has solved the problem of the tall and big corn stems of the difficult results of edger roll device.
When the multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine of the utility model is installed two or more not to row cutter sweep 2 in the ceding of Taiwan 1; As shown in Figure 6; Be positioned at all fixing two groups of cutter plate assembly 2-4 in the harvesting unit 2-1 outside of whole ceding of Taiwan both sides; There is clamping sprocket wheel 2-12 at cutter plate assembly 2-4 middle part near harvesting unit 2-1 among two groups of cutter plate assembly 2-4; This clamping sprocket wheel 2-12 is in transmission connection through the vertical snapping bar 2-7 of clamping chain 2-2 and harvesting unit 2-1, and the fixing rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 of everything disc cutterbar assembly 2-4 top axle head is in transmission connection through forcing rice-pulling chain 2-5 and another disc cutterbar assembly 2-4 in addition.Two adjacent sides of adjacent harvesting unit 2-1 respectively are fixed with one group of cutter plate assembly 2-4; In the middle of two harvesting unit 2-1, install simultaneously a cutter plate assembly 2-4 in addition additional, and be in transmission connection with any one group of cutter plate assembly 2-4 of two adjacent harvesting unit 2-1 sides adjacent positions; Another cutter plate assembly 2-4 top axle head that the cutter plate assembly 2-4 that wherein installs additional with the centre is in transmission connection has two rice-pulling chains wheel 2-13; A rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 is in transmission connection with the cutter plate assembly 2-4 that installs additional through chain; Another rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 is connected with through the rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus and forces rice-pulling chain 2-5, and the cutter plate assembly 2-4 that the centre position installs additional is not connected with forcing rice-pulling chain 2-5.
Seven cutter plate assembly 2-4 are installed in the ceding of Taiwan by two harvesting unit are formed altogether, by the ceding of Taiwan that three harvesting unit are formed ten cutter plate assembly 2-4 are installed altogether.
The horizontal front wide and rear narrow distribution of a plurality of cutter plate assembly 2-4 that install in each harvesting unit 2-1 front; The pressure rice-pulling chain 2-5 that installs above the cutter plate assembly 2-4 is formed centrally a horn mouth in clamping chain 2-2 being; The wide 800mm of horn mouth mouth, cutter plate assembly 2-4 be fusion distribution each other laterally, and coverage rate is the fabric width of the whole ceding of Taiwan; Cut to cut off all canes, not leak.When job state, the movable knife disc 2-10 minimum point of each cutter plate assembly 2-4 is all the time on same plane, and the cane root stubble height after guaranteeing to cut off is the same.
In this multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine not to the row cutter sweep 2; During operation; Corn stem is under the support of grain lifter 2-6, and two groups of rice-pulling chain 2-5 of each harvesting unit 2-1 rotate in opposite directions, stirs the vertical snapping bar 2-7 motion of cane to harvesting unit 2-1; The vertical snapping bar 2-7 of harvesting unit 2-1 drives cutoff tool axle 2-3 rotation through clamping chain 2-2; The rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 that install on everything breaking axle 2-3 top drives pressure rice-pulling chain 2-5 and stirs corn stem, and another rice-pulling chain wheel 2-13 that cuts off cutter shaft 2-3 simultaneously also drives another and cuts off cutter shaft 2-3 rotation, and cuts off cane by each movable knife disc 2-10 that cuts off the installation of cutter shaft 2-3 lower axial end; The cane that cuts off is transported to harvesting unit 2-1 by clamping chain 2-2, fulfils assignment.
Embodiment 3
Running gear in this multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine comprises the transmission mechanism of the power take-off of walked frame 8, engine 9 and engine 9 to the ceding of Taiwan 1 transferring power.
This power drive mechanism comprises stepless speed regulation 10, Cardan shaft 11, intermediate reduction gear device 12; The power take-off of engine 9 and stepless speed regulation 10 are in transmission connection; Drive this machine stepless speed regulation walking through stepless speed regulation 10; The power take-off of engine 9 also is in transmission connection with intermediate reduction gear device 12 simultaneously; Intermediate reduction gear device 12 is in transmission connection with Cardan shaft 11, and the power of engine 9 is passed to the ceding of Taiwan 1 by Cardan shaft 11, and the associated components that drives the ceding of Taiwan 1 is finished the work.
Embodiment 4
Take in operation concurrently in order on this machine, to realize corn ears and stems; Be removably connected with on the fruit ear reducing mechanism 3 of preceding elevator 14 back lower places and cover baffle plate 17; Be used to cut off the passage that fruit ear leads to fruit ear reducing mechanism 3; And in the back lower place of fruit ear reducing mechanism 3 fixing rear rack 18, the fruit ear of the harvesting unit 2-1 of row cutter sweep 2 not being taken is crossed baffle plate 17 to rear rack 18 through the conveying of preceding elevator 14 and is carried the collection dress.And preceding elevator 14, fruit ear reducing mechanism 3 and rear rack 18 claim from the top down that successively scalariform distributes, and adjacent two devices all have certain drop, avoid material to stop up.So just make green corn feed material reaping machine on the basis that does not change original structure, take in operation concurrently, make the ensilage machine of simple function become compound machinery through increasing annex completion corn ears and stems.
The realization that corn ears and stems is taken in concurrently on this machine simultaneously also provides a passage for many mouthfuls of convey materials; Just when the ensiling operation; The baffle plate 17 that installs additional of dismounting only, the broken fruit ear that fruit ear reducing mechanism 3 is pulverized can directly be thrown and deliver to rear rack 18 and carry the collection dress, no longer through the careless screw feeder of collection 7, blower fan 5; Reduce the conveying capacity of blower fan, saved power.
Embodiment 5
In order to make the corncob and stalk operation more convenient, quick; Centre at the careless case 19 of collection is removably connected with movable partition wall 20, sees Fig. 7, and the careless case of collection is divided into two; Top is for collecting the careless case 21 of forage grass; The bottom is the fruit ear case 22 of collection dress fruit ear, and an end active link of movable partition wall 20 is in careless case bottom, and the other end and careless chamber door overlap.Forage grass in the time of can realizing operation, fruit ear with the car packing, divide and unload, do not connecing grass, the raising machine rate of producing effects with car.Dismantle this movable partition wall during the ensiling operation and can recover the careless box structure of former collection.

Claims (10)

1. multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine; Which comprises at least main car frame; Results part and running gear are set on this vehicle frame and collect careless case; It is characterized in that: the results part is the ceding of Taiwan (1) of the whole strain corn of results; It comprises not row cutter sweep (2), fruit ear reducing mechanism (3), blower fan (5), collects careless screw feeder (7), suspension frame (6), elevator platform (4), row cutter sweep (2) is not connected the place ahead of running gear through elevator platform (4), collects the below that careless screw feeder (7) is fixed on suspension frame (6); Fruit ear reducing mechanism (3) is fixed on the back lower place of suspension frame (6), and blower fan (5) is fixed on the outside of the ceding of Taiwan (1).
2. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the dynamic central siphon in top (13) of described suspension frame (6); Power and intermediate reduction gear device (12) that the engine of running gear (9) produces are in transmission connection; Intermediate reduction gear device (12) is in transmission connection through Cardan shaft (11) and power central siphon (13); The elevator platform (4) of the ceding of Taiwan (1) is fixedly connected on the middle part of ceding of Taiwan power central siphon (13) through two lifting arm symmetries; The both sides of elevator platform (4) fixing respectively one group not to row cutter sweep (2), the center fixed of elevator platform (4) is equipped with preceding elevator (14), preceding elevator (14) can with elevator platform (4), to row cutter sweep (2) with rising with falling; The conveying scraper plate (16) of preceding elevator (14) is a steel plate, and the upper edge of conveying scraper plate (16) is a zigzag.
3. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: describedly row cutter sweep (2) not which comprises at least by vertical snapping bar (2-7), draws stem roller (2-8) and cane to pulverize harvesting unit (2-1), clamping convey device, the cutter plate assembly (2-4) of assembly (2-9) formation; Harvesting unit (2-1) dead ahead is a clamping convey device; The clamping chain of clamping convey device (2-2) is in transmission connection snapping bar in the harvesting unit (2-7) and cutter plate assembly (2-4); And with transmission of power to cutter plate assembly (2-4); Drive cutter plate assembly (2-4) rotary operation, the outer plate (2-14) of clamping chain (2-2) is a dentation, and clamping chain (2-2) is arranged on vertical snapping bar (2-7) bottom 1/3 and highly locates.
4. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: last the place ahead of described clamping convey device is fixed with the pressure feeding unit; Force feeding unit to comprise and force rice-pulling chain (2-5), rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13) and rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus; Rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13) is fixed on cutter plate assembly (2-4) top axle head, and rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13) is in transmission connection with forcing rice-pulling chain (2-5) and rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus.
5. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 3; It is characterized in that: described cutter plate assembly (2-4) comprises movable knife disc (2-10), anti-grass tube (2-11), cut-out cutter shaft (2-3), clamping sprocket wheel (2-12), rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13) and the weeding stationary knife (2-15) of twining; The anti-grass tube (2-11) that twines divides two sections; Preventing twining careless tin (2-11) up and down is integral through the anti-mount pad fixed connection that twines grass (2-11) setting of hypomere; Also be fixed with weeding stationary knife (2-15) on the mount pad simultaneously; Cutting cutter shaft (2-3) is contained in anti-twining in the grass tube (2-11) through bearing holder (housing, cover); Axle head is fixed with movable knife disc (2-10) below the cutting cutter shaft (2-3), and the middle part is fixed with clamping sprocket wheel (2-12), and the upper axial of cutting cutter shaft (2-3) is fixed with rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13); Clamping sprocket wheel (2-12) is in transmission connection through the vertical snapping bar (2-7) of clamping chain (2-2) with harvesting unit (2-1); Rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13) is in transmission connection with forcing rice-pulling chain (2-5), and cutter plate assembly (2-4) also is fixedly connected on not to the dead ahead of row cutter sweep (2) through the anti-mount pad that twines grass tube (2-11), also is fixed with grain lifter (2-6) above the ceding of Taiwan (1).
6. according to claim 1 or 3 described a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machines; It is characterized in that: when the described ceding of Taiwan (1) is installed two or more not to row cutter sweep (2); Be positioned at all fixing two groups of cutter plate assemblies (2-4) in harvesting unit (2-1) outside of whole ceding of Taiwan both sides; There is clamping sprocket wheel (2-12) at cutter plate assembly (2-4) middle part near harvesting unit (2-1) in two groups of cutter plate assemblies (2-4); This clamping sprocket wheel (2-12) is in transmission connection through the vertical snapping bar (2-7) of clamping chain (2-2) with harvesting unit (2-1), and the fixing rice-pulling chain wheel (2-13) of everything disc cutterbar assembly (2-4) top axle head is in transmission connection through forcing rice-pulling chain (2-5) and another disc cutterbar assembly (2-4) in addition; The adjacent side of two adjacent harvesting unit (2-1) respectively is fixed with one group of cutter plate assembly (2-4); In the middle of two harvesting unit (2-1), install simultaneously a cutter plate assembly (2-4) in addition additional, and be in transmission connection with any one group of cutter plate assembly (2-4) of the adjacent side position of two adjacent harvesting unit (2-1); Another cutter plate assembly (4) top axle head that the cutter plate assembly (4) that wherein installs additional with the centre is in transmission connection has two rice-pulling chains wheels (13); A rice-pulling chain wheel (13) is in transmission connection through chain and the cutter plate assembly (4) that installs additional; Another rice-pulling chain wheel (13) is connected with through the rice-pulling chain tensioning apparatus and forces rice-pulling chain (5), and the cutter plate assembly (4) that the centre position installs additional is not connected with forcing rice-pulling chain (5).
7. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the pressure rice-pulling chain of installing above the horizontal front wide and rear narrow distribution of a plurality of cutter plate assemblies (2-4) that install in described each harvesting unit (2-1) front, cutter plate assembly (2-4) (2-5) is formed centrally a horn mouth in clamping chain (2-2) being; The wide 800mm of horn mouth mouth, cutter plate assembly (2-4) be fusion distribution each other laterally, and coverage rate is the fabric width of the whole ceding of Taiwan; Movable knife disc (2-10) minimum point of each cutter plate assembly (2-4) is all the time on same plane; Vertical snapping bar (2-7) divides two sections, and last segment length is the 400-500 millimeter, lower end length 150-200 millimeter; During general feed quantity; Vertical snapping bar (2-7), draw stem roller (2-8) to take diameter 73-100 millimeter, during big feed quantity, vertical snapping bar (2-7) diameter is at the 100-130 millimeter; Take long pitch, double helix.
8. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described running gear comprises the transmission mechanism of the power take-off of walked frame (8), engine (9) and engine (9) to the ceding of Taiwan (1) transferring power; This power drive mechanism comprises stepless speed regulation (10), Cardan shaft (11), intermediate reduction gear device (12); The power take-off of engine (9) and stepless speed regulation (10) are in transmission connection; Drive this machine stepless speed regulation walking through stepless speed regulation (10); The power take-off of engine (9) also is in transmission connection with intermediate reduction gear device (12) simultaneously, and intermediate reduction gear device (12) is in transmission connection with Cardan shaft (11).
9. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: be coated with baffle plate (17) on the fruit ear reducing mechanism (3) of elevator (14) back lower place before described; And in the back lower place of fruit ear reducing mechanism (3) fixing rear rack (18), preceding elevator (14), fruit ear reducing mechanism (3) and rear rack (18) claim from the top down that successively scalariform distributes.
10. a kind of multifunctional corn green fodder reaping machine according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the centre of the careless case of described collection (19) is removably connected with movable partition wall (20); The careless case of collection is divided into two, and top is for collecting the careless case (21) of forage grass, and the bottom is the fruit ear case (22) of collection dress fruit ear; One end active link of movable partition wall (20) is in careless case bottom, and the other end and careless chamber door overlap.
CN 201220094303 2012-03-14 2012-03-14 Multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester Expired - Fee Related CN202603218U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220094303 CN202603218U (en) 2012-03-14 2012-03-14 Multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220094303 CN202603218U (en) 2012-03-14 2012-03-14 Multifunctional corn greenfeed harvester

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106171272A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 冯桂强 Green-fodder harvesting machine
CN106385953A (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-02-15 富锦市立兴植保机械制造有限公司 High-clearance corn-paternal-parent-removing ensilage harvesting machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106385953A (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-02-15 富锦市立兴植保机械制造有限公司 High-clearance corn-paternal-parent-removing ensilage harvesting machine
CN106171272A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 冯桂强 Green-fodder harvesting machine

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