CN106612875A - Sweet potato vine harvesting machine - Google Patents

Sweet potato vine harvesting machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106612875A
CN106612875A CN201611232710.2A CN201611232710A CN106612875A CN 106612875 A CN106612875 A CN 106612875A CN 201611232710 A CN201611232710 A CN 201611232710A CN 106612875 A CN106612875 A CN 106612875A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tendril
sweet potato
potato vine
cropper
vine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611232710.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程志庆
胡业军
胡业功
严平
周福红
李守北
马德贵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mingguang Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Cooperative Extension Service Center
Original Assignee
Mingguang Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Cooperative Extension Service Center
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mingguang Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Cooperative Extension Service Center filed Critical Mingguang Modern Agricultural Science And Technology Cooperative Extension Service Center
Priority to CN201611232710.2A priority Critical patent/CN106612875A/en
Publication of CN106612875A publication Critical patent/CN106612875A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D23/00Topping machines
    • A01D23/02Topping machines cutting the tops before being lifted

Abstract

The invention discloses a sweet potato vine harvesting machine which comprises a rack, wherein a vine harvesting mechanism and a vine assembling mechanism are arranged on the rack; the vine harvesting mechanism consists of an arc-shaped seedling lifting-up lever fixed on the rack, and a reciprocating cutter positioned below the seedling lifting-up lever; and the vine assembling mechanism consists of a vine conveying runner positioned above the rear end part of the seedling lifting-up lever and driven by a power mechanism to rotate, a plurality of strip-shaped tooth hooks are arranged on the vine conveying runner, and the vine assembling mechanism further comprises a plurality of vine separating teeth positioned on a baffle plate behind the rack. The sweet potato vine harvesting machine can adapt to different ridge shapes (all terrains), the damage to stems of sweet potatoes can be decreased, sweet potato vines can also be harvested, and the sweet potato vine harvesting machine can provide an economic and effective mode for treatment of sweet potato vines.

Description

A kind of sweet potato vine cropper
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of process machinery for sweet potato vine, and in particular to a kind of sweet potato vine cropper.
Background technology
Sweet potato vine causes very big inconvenience for the results of sweet potato, and manually carries out tendril removing, time-consuming, arduously, while Increase cost, and sweet potato vine is also a kind of highland barley feed of high-quality high nutrition, if can harvesting utilization, peasant household's receipts will be improved Enter.At present, existing sweet potato vine processes machinery and mainly directly tendril is shredded into direct returning to farmland using mechanical flail knife in field. This sweet potato vine Machine Design mainly according to fixed row spacing, ridge type and in the vertical direction of short two length of side in centre that designs Movable blades, are cut, such as 4JHSM-900 types sweet potato vine using this movable blades to the tendril of on ridge and ridge sidepiece Chopping and returning testing machine is got rid of by the way of cutting knife cuts off to tendril using broken climing rotor and straight mounted thereto.It is this The sweet potato vine machine of structure realizes the cut-out to tendril and processes and then carry out separating twice again, so as to the results to sweet potato are brought Convenience, but the sweet potato vine machine be still will cutting tendril direct returning to farmland, while the tendril cutting part can only be cut to this The sweet potato vine grown in the ridge type of climing mechanical same widths and height could be realized damaging the relatively low effective cutting of potato rate, but, In China because region is wide, terrain differences are larger, and the restriction of the level of production, to be carried out using the specification of unified standard Sweet potato ridge is difficult to realize, so as to the sweet potato vine cutting machine for causing existing design can cause when in use many sweet potatoes to break Damage, the sweet potato ridge in some landform even cannot use this kind of machinery.
The content of the invention
To solve technical problem described above, suitable for various landform and the low sweet potato of potato rate is damaged the invention provides a kind of Tendril cropper.
A kind of sweet potato vine cropper of the present invention, including frame, the frame is provided with tendril harvest mechanism and tendril Gather mechanism;What the tendril harvest mechanism included the arc being fixed in frame chooses seedling bar and reciprocal below seedling bar positioned at choosing Formula cutter;The tendril gathers mechanism and includes being located at the tendril rotated by actuating unit drive chosen above seedling rod rear end portion Transmission runner, the tendril transmission runner is provided with some strip hooks, and the tendril gathers mechanism and also includes being located at after frame Several tendrils on square baffle plate depart from tooth.
Preferably, the front end for choosing seedling bar is for flat structure and edge carries cutting edge.Cutting edge is mainly used for cut-out Not in the tendril for choosing seedling bar top, it is easy to the transmission of tendril.Choosing seedling bar has certain radian, reaches transmission wheel for tendril and provides road Footpath.
Preferably, the tendril gathers mechanism and also includes being located at the poly- climing rolling rotated by actuating unit drive of frame both sides Cylinder, the poly- climing cylinder is provided with some strip teeth;The baffle plate of the frame both sides is provided with de- Rattan-shaped tooth.Gathering climing cylinder is Connect on one column multiple straights or aduncate strip tooth, it obtains power by transmission device, and both sides are simultaneously Rotate, rotation direction is carried out from outside to inner side.In order to prevent tendril to be wrapped on poly- climing cylinder, in poly- climing drums inside strip The gap location of tooth is provided with corresponding de- Rattan-shaped tooth.
Preferably, the strip hook on the tendril transmission runner is arc.Sweet potato vine transmission wheel is large-scale using one Cylindrical colyliform roller on welded long hooks that are multiple straights or being bent upwards, the hook will can be chosen on seedling bar Tendril is caught on and is passed up, and is reached the transmission runner tendril disengaging tooth position place of putting and is come off.
Preferably, it is strip or sheet and edge carries cutting edge that the tendril departs from tooth.There is cutting edge on tooth, prevent tendril from twining Around transmission runner cannot be departed from.
Preferably, the baffle plate of the frame both sides is provided with and gathers plate.Gathering for tendril can be easy to.
Preferably, the de- Rattan-shaped tooth is strip or sheet and edge carries cutting edge.As departing from tooth with above-mentioned tendril, There is cutting edge on tooth, prevent tendril from winding.
Sweet potato vine cropper of the present invention, the rear lower portion of the frame is provided with tendril transmission mechanism.
Preferably, the tendril transmission mechanism is screw transporter.The tendril transmission mechanism is connected to tendril crushing Device, the tendril reducing mechanism is connected to tendril collecting bin.
The sweet potato vine cropper of the present invention can adapt to different ridge shapes(Full landform is adapted to), reduce the damage to Sweet Potato block Wound, it is possible to harvested sweet potato vine, the process for sweet potato vine provides a kind of cost-effective mode.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is overall right side structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 3 is partial structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is partial structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is mplifying structure schematic diagram at A in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is partial structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the overlooking the structure diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1st, seedling bar is chosen;2nd, plate is gathered;3rd, strip hook;4th, tendril transmission runner;5th, tendril departs from tooth;6th, tendril Reducing mechanism;7th, reciprocating cutterbar;8th, tendril collecting bin;9th, screw transporter;10th, climing cylinder is gathered;11st, strip tooth;12、 De- Rattan-shaped tooth;13rd, belt pulley;14th, secondary belt pulley;15th, belt;16th, drive link.
Specific embodiment
This content is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, a kind of sweet potato vine cropper of the invention, including can be by tow tractor or other powered belt Mobile frame is moved, frame is provided with tendril harvest mechanism and tendril gathers mechanism;Tendril harvest mechanism includes being fixed on frame On arc choose seedling bar 1 and positioned at the reciprocating cutterbar 7 chosen below seedling bar;Tendril gather mechanism include be located at choose after seedling bar Tendril transmission runner 4 above end, the tendril transmission runner 4 can drive rotation by the belt pulley 13 on framework lateral plate Turn, belt pulley can be driven by motor, certain tendril transmission runner 4 also can directly drive rotation by actuating unit such as motor.Tendril Transmission runner 4 is provided with some strip hooks 3, and Jing can be chosen the next tendril of seedling bar front end guidance and be hooked and with tendril by strip hook Transmit runner and rotate;Tendril gathers mechanism and also includes that several tendrils being located on frame rear baffle depart from tooth 5, and tendril takes off It is strip or sheet and edge carries cutting edge from tooth, there is cutting edge on tooth, the tendril that can be brought Jing strips hook 3 is continuing with biography Send runner to stop and cut off when being driven, it is therefore prevented that tendril it is long and continue transmit and wind cannot depart from transmission runner.Choose The front end of seedling bar 1 may be designed as flat structure and edge is with cutting edge, and cutting edge is mainly used for cut-out and is not choosing seedling bar top Tendril, be easy to the transmission of tendril.Choosing seedling bar has certain radian, reaches transmission wheel for tendril and provides path.Tendril gathers mechanism Also include being located at the poly- climing cylinder 10 of frame both sides, gather climing cylinder and be provided with some strip teeth 11, gathering climing cylinder can be by routine Gear-linked mode drives, and as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, the rotary shaft of tendril transmission runner 4 is provided with transmission wheel gear, gathers climing cylinder 10 rotary shaft is provided with drum gear, and transmission wheel gear and drum gear are bevel gear, by direct between bevel gear It is dynamic to be driven or again by the linkage of Intermediate bevel gears so as to be capable of achieving to drive poly- climing cylinder by the rotation of tendril transmission runner 4 10 rotation;Certainly gather climing cylinder also can directly drive rotation by the actuating unit of peripheral hardware such as motor;In order to prevent tendril from winding On climing cylinder is gathered, the baffle plate of frame both sides is provided with de- Rattan-shaped tooth 12, takes off the position correspondence of Rattan-shaped tooth 12 in poly- climing rolling At the strip backlash of cylinder.It is that multiple straights or aduncate strip tooth, both sides have been connect on a column to gather climing cylinder Rotate simultaneously, rotation direction is carried out from outside to inner side, realizes the pinching of tendril bar.Sweet potato vine transmission wheel is large-scale using one Cylindrical colyliform roller on welded long hooks that are multiple straights or being bent upwards, the hook will can be chosen on seedling bar Tendril is caught on and rearward transmits, and is reached the transmission runner tendril disengaging tooth position place of putting and is come off.The baffle plate of frame both sides is provided with poly- Hold together plate 2, gathering for tendril can be easy to.De- Rattan-shaped tooth is strip or sheet and edge carries cutting edge.Depart from tooth with above-mentioned tendril Equally, there is cutting edge on tooth, prevent tendril from winding.The rear lower portion of frame is provided with tendril transmission mechanism.Tendril transmission mechanism is spiral shell Bar conveyer 9.Screw transporter can be driven by conventional gear-linked mode, such as Fig. 6, drive tendril transmission runner 4 Belt pulley 13 drives secondary belt pulley 14 by belt 15, and drive link 16, the other end of drive link 16 are connected on secondary belt pulley 14 Screw thread is provided with, the screw thread is engaged with the screw gear that screw transporter is provided with, so as to screw transporter can be driven Transmission is rotated, meanwhile, reciprocating cutterbar 7 is provided with bevel gear, and the bevel gear can be with the bevel gear phase that separately sets on screw gear Coordinate, so as to also be capable of achieving the action that the rotation for transmitting runner 4 by tendril drives reciprocating cutterbar 7.Certain screw conveyer Device 9 or reciprocating cutterbar 7 also can directly drive rotation by the independent power mechanism such as motor of peripheral hardware.In the present invention Tendril transmission mechanism further may be connected to tendril reducing mechanism 6, and tendril reducing mechanism may be connected to tendril collecting bin 8.
The sweet potato vine cropper course of work of the present invention:Tendril harvest mechanism is located at tow tractor rear portion, its power Can be provided by power transmission shaft by tractor dynamic power device.During results, ground sweet potato vine is provoked by choosing seedling bar, Ran Houzhu Stem coupling part is cut by the reciprocating cutterbar for choosing seedling bar bottom, while the poly- climing cylinder that both sides are equipped with can be by furrow In tendril to machinery middle part collect.The pulling force advanced by machinery after tendril is cut off makes tendril transport along seedling bar direction is chosen Dynamic, now, the strip hook in tendril transmission wheel catches on tendril and is posteriorly transmitted it.When tendril reaches and transmission wheel During the horizontal level of axle center, tooth is departed from by transmission runner tendril tendril is departed from into transmission wheel, the tendril transmission dropped below frame On device, tendril is sent in cintrifugal disintegrator by the device is crushed, the tendril tendril collecting bin or straight after crushing Connect also field.In situcut is carried out to tendril on sweet potato ridge because present device does not rely on blade type, the equipment can be to rattan It is climing to carry out gathering in collection and stem part is cut, so preventing being uneven and ridge type size due to ridge shape Difference and sweet potato stem tuber when causing climber cutting damage, but also the tendril that can realize as needed crushing collects or also field Process, improve the results speed of sweet potato while can also provide safeguard for making full use of for sweet potato vine.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sweet potato vine cropper, including frame, it is characterised in that the frame is provided with tendril harvest mechanism and tendril Gather mechanism;What the tendril harvest mechanism included the arc being fixed in frame chooses seedling bar and reciprocal below seedling bar positioned at choosing Formula cutter;The tendril gathers mechanism and includes that being located at the tendril for rotating that driven by actuating unit chosen above seedling rod rear end portion passes Runner, the tendril transmission runner is sent to be provided with some strip hooks, the tendril gathers mechanism and also includes being located at frame rear Several tendrils on baffle plate depart from tooth.
2. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the front end for choosing seedling bar be flat structure and Edge carries cutting edge.
3. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the tendril gathers mechanism and also includes being located at frame Driven by the actuating unit poly- climing cylinder for rotating, the poly- climing cylinder of both sides is provided with some strip teeth;The frame both sides Baffle plate be provided with de- Rattan-shaped tooth.
4. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the strip hook on the tendril transmission runner is Arc.
5. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that it is strip or sheet and side that the tendril departs from tooth Marginal zone has cutting edge.
6. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the baffle plate of the frame both sides is provided with to be gathered Plate.
7. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the de- Rattan-shaped tooth is strip or sheet and side Marginal zone has cutting edge.
8. the sweet potato vine cropper as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that the rear lower portion of the frame is provided with Tendril transmission mechanism.
9. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the tendril transmission mechanism is screw conveyer dress Put.
10. sweet potato vine cropper as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the tendril transmission mechanism is connected to tendril powder Crushing device, the tendril reducing mechanism is connected to tendril collecting bin.
CN201611232710.2A 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Sweet potato vine harvesting machine Pending CN106612875A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611232710.2A CN106612875A (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Sweet potato vine harvesting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611232710.2A CN106612875A (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Sweet potato vine harvesting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106612875A true CN106612875A (en) 2017-05-10

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ID=58833224

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201611232710.2A Pending CN106612875A (en) 2016-12-28 2016-12-28 Sweet potato vine harvesting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106612875A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109379965A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-02-26 昆明理工大学 A kind of dedicated cutting seedlings device of towed Radix Notoginseng
CN110583208A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Seedling removing mechanism of potato harvester
CN111727721A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-02 山西农业大学 Sweet potato harvester

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109379965A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-02-26 昆明理工大学 A kind of dedicated cutting seedlings device of towed Radix Notoginseng
CN109379965B (en) * 2018-08-29 2021-05-14 昆明理工大学 Dedicated seedling device of cutting of towed pseudo-ginseng
CN110583208A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-20 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Seedling removing mechanism of potato harvester
CN111727721A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-10-02 山西农业大学 Sweet potato harvester
CN111727721B (en) * 2020-07-15 2021-08-06 山西农业大学 Sweet potato harvester

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