CN203634504U - Capsule production line system - Google Patents

Capsule production line system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203634504U
CN203634504U CN201320851467.8U CN201320851467U CN203634504U CN 203634504 U CN203634504 U CN 203634504U CN 201320851467 U CN201320851467 U CN 201320851467U CN 203634504 U CN203634504 U CN 203634504U
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
machine
axle
capsule
oiling
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320851467.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾毅
周德发
朱光耀
何福银
栾国利
庞煜磊
周鹏飞
唐欣
刘金丹
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JINWAN GROUP CO Ltd DANDONG
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JINWAN GROUP CO Ltd DANDONG
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Priority to CN201320851467.8U priority Critical patent/CN203634504U/en
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Abstract

A capsule production line system belongs to the technical field of capsule production lines. The capsule production line system comprises a main machine base, a gluing machine, an oiling machine, an automatic machine, a platform machine, a conveying and drying device, a tail platform elevating mechanism, a waste material sucking device, large and small conveyor belt devices, and a main motor transmission case. The gluing machine, the oiling machine, the automatic machine, and the platform machine are arranged parallelly on the main machine base. The platform machine is mounted between a lower carriage slideway of the conveying and drying device and the automatic machine. The main motor transmission case is connected with the platform machine. A T-shaped slide rail track is arranged between the automatic machine and the platform machine. The gluing machine is connected with an upper carriage slideway of the conveying and drying device and a T-shaped slide rail of the oiling machine. A mold strip is pushed by a pushing mechanism of the platform machine to slide along a T-shaped slide rail of the automatic machine and the T-shaped slide rail of the oiling machine, and the oiled mold strip is sequentially pushed to the gluing machine, dried by the conveying and drying device, conveyed to the platform machine, gone through capsule cutting, capsule stripping, and integral capsule synthesizing processes in the automatic machine, and outputted. The capsule production line system is driven by servo motors; and the capsule production line system realizes complete automatic production and has high efficiency.

Description

A kind of capsule manufacture wire system
Technical field
The invention belongs to capsule production line technical field, particularly relate to a kind of capsule manufacture wire system.
Background technology
In capsule production line, all comprise oiler, glue dipping machine, platform machine, automat and drying unit etc.Wherein mould bar is all generally the mould bar with single or double mould pin, and every row's mould pin quantity is all 30, and production efficiency is lower.
The patent No. is that 2006200325541.9 utility model patent discloses a kind of aircraft nose hard gelatin capsule production line of single mould dual, it is by increasing a set of automat, demoulding cam in redesign automat and the working curve of head lifter cam, change the gear ratio of main transmission and automat, improve the capsule production line speed of service, reach the object of enhancing productivity.Owing to having increased a set of automat and transmission link, the one, make structure relative complex; The 2nd, increase capsule production line preparation cost; The 3rd, capsule production line, in the time of high-speed cruising, reduces service life of equipment; The 4th, production line, in the time of high-speed cruising, requires standard higher to glue material power, the viscosity of manufacturing capsule, relatively improves capsule manufacturing cost.
Summary of the invention
For the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the invention provides a kind of capsule manufacture wire system, it can, by increasing mould pin quantity, change the length of mould bar, change production line partial structurtes, in realizing operation automatically, improved production efficiency, and operate steadily, strengthened service life, reduce costs.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
Capsule manufacture wire system of the present invention, comprise main engine bed, glue dipping machine, oiler, automat, platform machine, conveying drying unit, at the afterbody platform lifting mechanism of carrying drying unit end to arrange, be placed in the waste suction materials device above automat and be placed in large and small conveyor-belt apparatus, the main drive gear of oiler, glue dipping machine connects respectively carries the upper planker slideway of drying unit and the T-shaped slide rail of oiler;
Described glue dipping machine, oiler, automat and platform machine are set up in parallel on main engine bed, connect respectively servomotor, by driven by servomotor,
Platform machine is arranged on to be carried under drying unit between planker slideway and automat, in the end of main engine bed, and main motor-driven case connecting platform machine;
Between automat and platform machine, be connected mutually by T-shaped track of sliding track;
Platform machine pushing mechanism promotes mould bar and slides along the T-shaped slide rail of the T-shaped slide rail of automat, oiler respectively, mould bar to the glue dipping machine pushing after oiling dips in glue, the mould bar dipping in after glue is sent to platform machine after carrying drying unit to dry, be delivered to automat through platform machine and complete and cut capsule, stripping capsule, synthetic overall capsule, by being arranged on the large and small conveyor-belt apparatus output finished product at oiler position; The waste material producing reclaims by waste suction materials device.
Further, described oiler comprises oiler casing, the first driving device, be symmetrically placed in cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system, pendulous device, oiling station on oiler workbench, transport the T-shaped slide rail of mould bar, described pendulous device is connected in oiler casing one side, oiling station is placed in workbench top, its oiling end contacts with capsule cap on workbench and the mould pin of capsule body respectively in the time of oiling, the painting oil pipe of cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system and described mould coaxial needle, and corresponding cooperation respectively; Described the first driving device by pendulous device attachment cap rotary drive system, body rotary drive system, drives its running respectively; T-shaped slide rail is connected mutually with automat and glue dipping machine respectively.
Further, described oiling station comprises symmetrically arranged baster and connecting rod rack, described baster comprises that releasing agent holds bottle, constant flow pump, vapor pipe, defeated dose of pipe, rolling wheel support and two fixed axis that are set up in parallel, in described releasing agent appearance bottle, vapor pipe is set, the defeated dose of pipe being communicated with vapor pipe is connected with a fixed axis on rolling wheel support, on defeated dose of pipe, be connected with constant flow pump, on two fixed axis, all cover has bob, and rolling wheel support is connected on connecting rod rack.
Further, manage on the fixed axis circumference being connected for described and defeated dose and have multiple oil outlets, the oil preparation in defeated dose of pipe exports on bob by roller oil-out.
Further, described pendulous device comprises active roll axle, slave pendulum moving axis, two active roll gears, two slave pendulum moving gears, pull bar and the tooth bar engaging respectively with four wobble gears, described active roll axle and slave pendulum moving axis are placed in respectively in oiler casing, active roll axle and slave pendulum end shaft in oiler casing both sides are installed respectively active roll gear and slave pendulum moving gear, wherein the active roll gear of a side is connected by pull bar with slave pendulum moving gear, the body active roll gear of opposite side is connected with the motor gear of the first driving device, tooth bar connects firmly with oil coating box casing respectively.
Further, described cap rotary drive system is identical with body rotary drive system structure, be symmetrical arranged, include the second driving device, shaft coupling, intermeshing multiple oiling shaft gears side by side, be coated with oil pipe, guide rail, slip planker, oil coating box and oiling transmission case, described oil coating box and slip planker are all placed on the work platforms on oiler casing, slip planker is connected with oiler casing by guide rail, oiling transmission case is connected on slip planker by oil coating box, oiling shaft gear is placed in oiling transmission case, be coated with oil pipe identical with oiling shaft gear number, be connected on oiling shaft gear, be placed in outside oiling transmission case, the second driving device is fixed on slip planker, its output shaft is connected with one of intermeshing oiling shaft gear by shaft coupling, the tooth bar of oil coating box casing and pendulous device connects firmly, the motor gear engaged transmission of rear body or cap wobble gear and the first driving device output shaft end by pendulous device.
Further, in described painting oil pipe, felt is set.
Further, on described painting oil pipe, two-way buckle is set, is connected with oiling axle by buckle.
Further, on described oiler casing, be also provided with the approach switch that detects the second driving device run location.
Further, described glue dipping machine comprises mould bar ejecting mechanism, being arranged on glue dipping machine releases on crossbeam, described mould bar ejecting mechanism comprises release motor, actuating device, initiatively release axle, driven release axle, two pushing arms and overload protection arrangement thereof, described axle and the driven release axle initiatively released is installed in and releases on crossbeam, initiatively release axle and release crossbeam is stretched out in driven release axle one end, intermeshing half tooth is installed respectively on it, two pushing arms are arranged on respectively initiatively to be released on axle and driven release axle, install pushing arm initiatively release axle and driven release shaft end is all provided with overload protection arrangement, initiatively release the axle other end and stretch out release crossbeam, connect and release motor by actuating device.
Further; described overload protection arrangement comprised load plate, steel ball, protection spring, end cap and set bolt; the described load plate of crossing is for being with sleeved disc-shaped structure; socket end is sleeved on initiatively to be released between axle or driven release axle and pushing arm; disk end contacts with half tooth; described disk end has at least two holes along circumference; built-in steel ball; the half increment face contacting with it has groove that can accommodating steel ball; protection spring one end was sleeved on the socket end of load plate; the other end arranges protection end cap, is bolted on and initiatively releases on axle or driven release axle.
Further, in the frame of the described glue dipping machine of initiatively releasing axle and driven release between centers, be provided with the approach switch that detected load plate end cap position.
Further, equating to the stroke distances between planker in capsule manufacture system with tooth portion arc length and mould bar of described half tooth.
Further, described actuating device has two kinds of structures, it is a kind of comprises casing and is placed in the first rotating shaft, first, second gear, crank disc, first connecting rod and the rocking arm in casing, on described release motor shaft, the first gear is installed, the first rotating shaft is installed in casing, and the second gear is installed on it, first, second meshed transmission gear, at the first rotating shaft end, crank disc is installed, on it, connects one end of first connecting rod, the first connecting rod other end be fixed on the rocking arm of initiatively releasing on axle and be connected.
Further, it is fluted that described rocking arm connects first connecting rod end band, hinged with first connecting rod; The dish end of first connecting rod and crank disc is hinged by bearing pin, bearing pin axis and eccentric setting parallel with crank disc axis.
Further, the another kind of structure of described actuating device comprises casing and is placed in intermeshing the 3rd, the 4th gear, the original position triggering ring in casing and puts in place and trigger ring, on the release motor shaft that described the 3rd gear is installed, the 4th gear is arranged on and stretches into initiatively releasing on axle in transmission case body, described the 4th gear is with tube-in-tube structure, the axle head of initiatively releasing in the 4th gear end is provided with original position triggering ring, is equipped with to put in place triggers ring at the bush outer sleeve of the 4th gear; Initiatively release axle and turn to the triggering ring trigger position that puts in place, release motor reversal return, initiatively release axle and turn to original position triggering ring trigger position, release motor forward.
Further, described platform machine comprises mould bar switching mechanism, described mould bar switching mechanism comprises servomotor, drive mechanism, central cassette, symmetry is connected in the guide rail at described central cassette box body two ends, Connection Block, turn over bar flange, swing arm, second connecting rod and returning device, the described bar flange that turns over is slidably connected on guide rail, activity swing arm is hinged on Connection Block, its one end with described in turn over bar flange and be connected, the other end is connected on the second connecting rod that drives swing arm swing, described second connecting rod is fixed on platform machine support, be provided with swing arm returning device at the second connecting rod near platform machine support end, be connected with the nut that touches of restriction swing arm stroke at the second connecting rod other end, described Connection Block connects servomotor by drive mechanism.
Further, described swing arm returning device comprises hold-down nut, two blocks that are connected with second connecting rod and is placed in the spring between two blocks, and its block near swing arm contacts with swing arm, and another block contacts with hold-down nut.
Further, described Connection Block two ends are respectively equipped with the locating piece of the restriction swing arm anglec of rotation.
Further, described activity swing arm is hinged on described Connection Block by the second rotating shaft.
Further, described drive mechanism is gear & rack structure, and described tooth bar is fixedly connected with Connection Block, is connected on the output shaft of servomotor with its meshed gears.
Further, described automat comprises V-type device lifting mechanism, described V-type device lifting mechanism comprises the drive shaft being connected with automat drive motors, stripping pincers drive mechanism, V-type device seat, multiple V-type devices and multiple stripping pincers, the integral structure that described multiple V-type device is arranged side by side, on it, be respectively arranged with stripping pincers, the V-type device of integral type is fixed on V-type device seat, on V-type device seat, be connected with the first lead, described the first lead is connected in automat frame by linear bearing, stripping pincers drive mechanism one end connects drive shaft, the other end is working end, contact with V-type device seat, promoting V-type device seat moves back and forth.
Further, described stripping pincers drive mechanism comprises cam, push rod, connecting plate, slide guide device, connecting rod, the 3rd rotating shaft, fork axle and two forks, described cam is fixed in drive shaft, with push rod one end Contact Transmission, the other end of push rod connects fork axle by connecting rod, fork axle two ends connect respectively fork, the transmission that all contacts with V-type device seat of described two forks, between two forks, be also connected with the 3rd rotating shaft, described the 3rd rotating shaft two ends are separately fixed in automat frame, push rod is fixed in automat frame by connecting plate, connecting plate two ends are connected on automat support by slide guide device respectively, move back and forth along slide guide device, fork rotates along its 3rd rotating shaft by push rod effect.
Further, described slide guide device comprises the axis of guide, axle sleeve and is connected to the fixed cover at axis of guide two ends, and the described axis of guide is arranged in fixed cover by axle sleeve.
Further, between two swing arms of described fork, form angle, it is to order about by the stroke of V-type device cam promotion push rod the stroke that fork lifting V-type device rises that described angle makes with the swing arm stroke of V-type device seated connection contravention, guarantees clamp opening angle maximum.
Further, the tactile swing arm end of described fork and V-type device seated connection is provided with rolling bearing.
Further, described afterbody platform lifting mechanism comprises frame, base plate, drive motors, drive mechanism, two afterbody platforms and the elevating mechanism and the guider that are equipped with each afterbody platform, described drive motors is connected with two elevating mechanisms respectively and is coordinated transmission by drive mechanism, two elevating mechanisms are connected on two afterbody platforms, and two afterbody platforms are connected with the base plate in frame by its guider respectively.
Further, described elevating mechanism comprises rack pinion, lifter rack and rolling guide-rail pairs, described lifter rack is connected on afterbody platform, and the rack and pinion mounting attachment engaging with it is on the power transmission shaft of drive mechanism, and lifter rack is connected on base plate by rolling guide-rail pairs.
Further, described drive mechanism comprises intermeshing driving gear and driven gear, power transmission shaft and bearing spider, described driving gear is arranged on drive motors output shaft, power transmission shaft is arranged on base plate by bearing spider, the driven gear engaging with driving gear is arranged on power transmission shaft, and power transmission shaft two ends are connected with the rack pinion of two elevating mechanisms respectively.
Further, described guider comprises two second leads and the guide bearing chock coordinating with the second lead, and described the second lead is connected on afterbody platform, vertically parallel with frame, guide bearing chock is connected on base plate, drives afterbody platform along the second lead vertical motion.
Further, described afterbody platform two ends are also separately installed with the directive wheel rolling along base plate.
Further, on described mould bar, the quantity of single mould pin is 38, equidistantly arranges.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1. in the present invention, oiler, by the cap rotary drive system, body rotary drive system and the pendulous device that oiling station are set and be mated, makes the mating reaction of whole mechanism, reaches co-ordination, complete oiling process, simple in structure, oiling is even, is applicable to automatic production line.Oiling station is placed in workbench top, assist conveying oil preparation by constant flow pump, carries out oiling by two fixed axis that are set up in parallel, and owing to being outside equipped with bob at fixed axis, its oil-containing ability is strong, makes to spread upon oil preparation on mould pin even.On one of them fixed axis, have multiple oil outlets, bob rotates the bob driving on another tangent with it fixed axis and rolls, and makes bob immersion oil even.The pendulous device of oiler drives cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system to move back and forth, make mould pin after oiling respectively by the painting tubing spinning of cap rotary drive system or body rotary drive system, oil preparation on mould pin is more, completes oiling action.The second driving device in cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system drives painting oil pipe to rotatablely move, and its guide rail and slip planker drive its straight reciprocating motion, reach straight line and rotatablely move combination.Approach switch on oiler casing, for detection of the run location of cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system.
2. in the present invention, the mould bar ejecting mechanism of glue dipping machine machine is the overload protection arrangement by pushing arm is set, and can guarantee in the time breaking down, and system control is shut down.Described overload protection arrangement passed through steel ball and the protection spring of load plate and half between cog to be realized, and in the time breaking down, steel ball rolled out load plate, and the moving pushing arm of the dribbling that makes to transship is subjected to displacement, and can detect in real time, in order to avoid damage in the time breaking down by approach switch.Wherein drive half cingulum tooth portion arc length and mould bar that pushing arm rotates to equate to the stroke distances between planker in capsule manufacture system, to guarantee that launch mode bar puts in place, accurately.In the present invention, two kinds of different actuating devices all can be realized the reciprocating rotation of pushing arm.
3. simple in structure, the mould bar of the mould bar switching mechanism of platform machine of the present invention operates steadily while turning over bar.On swing arm connecting rod, be provided with swing arm returning device, make mould bar upset rear-swing arm turn over bar flange drive under when return, the swing arm end energy self-return being connected with connecting rod, waits for next action.Connection Block of the present invention by servomotor drive separately, rack-and-pinion transmission drives it to move up and down, and makes central cassette rise, turn over bar steady; Can pick up speed when decline, increase work efficiency.
4. the V-type device lifting mechanism in automat of the present invention is by the setting of integral type V-type device, and multiple V-type devices are kept strokes, and makes stripping pincers skin lesion of the scrotum efficiency high, and cost-saving.The structure of stripping pincers drive mechanism and fork thereof, V-type device can be risen in good time, stripping jaw maximum is opened, make stripping pincers in the time advancing not with mould pin on capsule wipe and touch, advance while putting in place at stripping pincers, V-type device falls in time and makes stripping pincers jaw closure, clamps the capsule on mould pin, to carry out skin lesion of the scrotum, make the up-to-standard rate of capsule product of production high.
5. afterbody platform lifting mechanism of the present invention drives two afterbody lifting platforms by one group of drive mechanism simultaneously, and two afterbody platforms are moved up and down synchronously.And elevating mechanism adopts rack-and-pinion transmission, and run location is accurate.Adopt guider and directive wheel tie tail lifting platform smooth and easy.Whole mechanism coordinates transmission, operates steadily.
6. the present invention has increased the quantity of single mould pin on mould bar, in guaranteeing production line even running, has improved production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is oiler structural representation in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 oiler drive system schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is oiling station structural representation in Fig. 2 oiler.
Fig. 5 is the left view of Fig. 4.
The I portion enlarged diagram of Fig. 6 Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of glue dipping machine in Fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is the mould bar pushing-out structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1 in Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is that the A of Fig. 8 is to view.
Figure 10 is the drive system schematic diagram of Fig. 8.
Figure 11 is the mould bar pushing-out structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2 in Fig. 7.
Figure 12 is the drive system schematic diagram of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of platform machine of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the mould bar switching mechanism schematic diagram of Figure 13.
Figure 15 is the B-B cutaway view of Figure 14.
Figure 16 is drive mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 17 is automat V-type device lifting mechanism schematic diagram.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of stripping pincers drive mechanism in Figure 17.
Figure 19 is the schematic top plan view of Figure 18.
Figure 20 is afterbody platform lifting mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the transmission schematic diagram of Figure 20.
In figure:
1. oiler, 11. first driving devices, 1,101 first servomotors, 1102. first reductors, 1103. motor gears;
12. cap rotary drive systems, 12 '. body rotary drive system, 121/121 '. the second driving device, 1201/1201 '. the second servomotor, 1202/1202 '. the second reductor, 1203/1203 '. reducer pedestal, 1204/1204 '. shaft coupling, 1205/1205 '. oiling shaft gear, 1206/1206 '. be coated with oil pipe, 1207/1207 '. slip planker, 1208/1208 '. guide rail, 1209/1209 '. oil coating box, 1210/1210 '. oiling transmission case, 1211/1211 '. approach switch;
13. oiling stations, 1301. releasing agents hold bottle, 1302. vapor pipes, 1303. defeated doses of pipes, 1304. constant flow pumps, 1305. connecting rod racks, 1306. rolling wheel supports, 1307. fixed axis, 1308. bobs, 1309. oil outlets, 1310. hold bottle rack, 1311. mould pins;
14. pendulous devices, 141. active roll axles, 142. slave pendulum moving axis, 143. active roll gears, 144. body active roll gears, 145. slave pendulum moving gears, 146. cap slave pendulum moving gears, 147. tooth bars, 148. pull bars;
15. little conveyor-belt apparatus, 151. little translators, 152. little Timing Belts, 153. small pulleys, 154. little conveyer belts, 155. little regulating wheels;
16. large conveyor-belt apparatus, 161. large band synchronous motors, 162. large synchronous pulleys, 163. large conveyer belts, 164. large belt tensioner pulleys, 165. travelling gears;
17.T type slide rail;
2. glue dipping machine,
21. ejecting mechanism, 201. release motor;
22. actuating devices, 2201. first gears, 2202. second gears, 2203. casings, 2204. crank discs, 2205. first connecting rods, 2206. rocking arms, 2207. bearing pins, 2208. the 4th gears, 2209. the 3rd gears, 2210. original positions trigger ring, and 2211. put in place triggers ring, 2,212 first rotating shafts;
23. overload protection arrangements, 231. cross load plate, 232. protection springs, 233. end caps, 234. steel balls, 235. bolts, 236. glands;
24. release crossbeam, and 25. initiatively release axle, 26. driven release axles, and 27. half teeth, 28. pushing arms, 29. bearings, 210. little Bo mechanisms, 211. glue grooves, 212. columns, 213. glue-dipping mechanisms, 214. large setting mechanisms, 215. bodies, 216. disk rotaries rise mechanism.
3. platform machine, 31. mould bar switching mechanisms, 32. pushing mechanisms,
301. swing arm, 302. second connecting rods, 303. blocks, 304. springs, 305. touch nut, 306. locating pieces, 307. Connection Blocks, 308. turn over bar flange, 309. guide rails, 310. box bodys, 311. hold-down nuts, 312. second rotating shafts, 313. mould bars, 314. tooth bars, 315. gears, 316. servomotor, 317. output shafts, 318. reductors.
4. automat,
41. stripping pincers drive mechanisms, 4101. cams, 4102. push rods, 4103. connecting plates, 4104. axis of guides, 4105. fixed covers, 4106. connecting rods, 4107. fork axles, 4108. forks, 4109. the 3rd rotating shafts, 4110. axle sleeves; 42. first leads, 43. linear bearings, 44.V type device seat, 45.V type device, 46. stripping pincers, 47. drive shaft, 48. rolling bearings.
5. afterbody platform lifting mechanism,
501. drive motors, 502. driving gears, 503. driven gears, 504. power transmission shaft, 505. bearing spiders, 506. rack pinions, 507. lifter racks, 508. afterbody platforms, 509. directive wheels, 510. rolling guide-rail pairs, 511. second leads, 512. guide bearing chocks, 513. base plate, 514. frames, planker slideway on 515., 516. times planker slideways.
6. main engine bed, 7. waste suction materials device, 8.T type slide rail, 9. main motor-driven case.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment and accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes main engine bed 6, oiler 1, glue dipping machine 2, automat 4, platform machine 3, carry drying unit, at the afterbody platform lifting mechanism 5 of carrying drying unit end to arrange, be placed in the waste suction materials device 7 above automat 4 and be placed in the large and small conveyor-belt apparatus 16,15 of oiler 1, main motor-driven case 9;
Described oiler 1, glue dipping machine 2, automat 4 and platform machine 3 are set up in parallel on main engine bed 6, connect respectively servomotor, pass through driven by servomotor;
Platform machine 3 is arranged on to be carried under drying unit between planker slideway 515 and automat 4, in the end of main engine bed 6, and main motor-driven case 9 connecting platform machines 3, the running of driving platform machine 3;
Between automat 4 and platform machine 3, T-shaped track of sliding track is set, automat 4 is connected mutually with oiler 1;
Glue dipping machine 2 connects respectively carries the upper planker slideway 515 of drying unit and the T-shaped slide rail 8 of oiler 1;
Platform machine 3 pushing mechanisms 32 promote mould bar and slide along the T-shaped slide rail 8 of automat 3, the T-shaped slide rail 8 of oiler 1 respectively, push oiling rear mold bar to glue dipping machine 2 and dip in glue, after carrying drying unit to dry, be sent to platform machine 3, be delivered to automat 4 through platform machine 3 and complete and cut capsule, stripping capsule, synthetic overall capsule, then through being arranged on the large and small conveyor-belt apparatus output finished product at oiler 1 position; The waste material producing reclaims by waste suction materials device 7.
Waste suction materials device in the present invention adopts existing structure, and glue dipping machine 2, platform machine 3, automat 4 are all the improvement on existing structure basis, and concrete improvements are described in detail as follows.
In the present invention, oiler 1 is for the mould pin release agent application on mould bar, connects the longitudinal rail of glue dipping machine by mould bar traffic direction before it, after connect the T-shaped guide rail of automat 4.Oiler 1 also overlaps by automat 4 capsule getting togather, and is transported to outside capsule machine by the big or small conveyor-belt apparatus 16,15 on it.
As Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, oiler 1 comprises oiler casing, the first driving device 11, be symmetrically placed in cap rotary drive system 12 and body rotary drive system 12 ' on oiler 1 workbench, oiling station 13, transport T-shaped slide rail 8 and the pendulous device 14 of mould bar 313, described pendulous device 14 is connected in oiler 1 casing one side, oiling station 13 is placed in workbench top, its oiling end contacts with capsule cap on workbench and the mould pin 1311 of capsule body respectively in the time of oiling, the painting oil pipe of cap rotary drive system 12 and body rotary drive system 12 ' is coaxial with described mould pin 1311, and corresponding cooperation respectively, described the first driving device 11 by pendulous device 14 attachment cap rotary drive systems 12, body rotary drive system 12 ', drives its running respectively, T-shaped slide rail 8 is connected mutually with automat 4 and glue dipping machine 2 respectively.
As Figure 4-Figure 6, described oiling station 13 comprises symmetrically arranged baster and interconnective connecting rod rack 1305, baster is fixed on oiler casing 1 by connecting rod rack 1305, described baster comprises that releasing agent holds bottle 1301, constant flow pump 1304, vapor pipe 1302, defeated dose of pipe 1303, rolling wheel support 1306 and two fixed axis that are set up in parallel 1307, on it, be respectively installed with bob 1308, the tangent setting of two bob 1308 cylindricals, described releasing agent holds the bottle 1301 interior vapor pipes 1302 that arrange, the defeated dose of pipe 1303 being communicated with vapor pipe 1302 is connected with a fixed axis 1307 on rolling wheel support 1306, on defeated dose of pipe 1303, be connected with constant flow pump 1304, rolling wheel support 1306 is connected on connecting rod rack 1305.
On described and defeated dose of pipe 1303 fixed axis being connected 1307 circumference, have multiple oil outlets 1309, oil preparation in defeated dose of pipe 1303 exports on bob 1308 by the oil outlet 1309 of fixed axis 1307, bob 1308 by fixed axis 1307 transmits oil preparation, bob 1308 rotates and soaks full oil preparation around fixed axis 1307, spreads upon on mould pin 1311.Oiling station is arranged on oiler mould bar and moves foremost; In service at mould bar, 1311 moments of mould pin on mould bar nuzzle up on bob 1308, make to be given on 1311, the mould pin of oiling to be stained with a small amount of releasing agent, obtain supplementing to a certain extent thereby make to be coated with releasing agent in oil pipe 1206.Constant flow pump is fixed axis 1307 repairings, and the pump dosage of constant flow pump can regulate.
As Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, described pendulous device 4 comprises active roll axle 141, slave pendulum moving axis 142, two active roll gears, two slave pendulum moving gears, pull bar and the tooth bar 147 engaging respectively with four swinging axles, described active roll axle 141 and slave pendulum moving axis 142 are placed in respectively in oiler 1 casing, active roll gear 143 is installed respectively at active roll axle 141 and slave pendulum moving axis 142 two ends in oiler 1 casing both sides, body active roll gear 144 and slave pendulum moving gear 145, cap slave pendulum moving gear 146, wherein the active roll gear 143 of a side is connected by pull bar 148 with slave pendulum moving gear 145, the body active roll gear 144 of opposite side is connected with the motor gear 1103 of the first driving device 11, tooth bar 147 connects firmly with oil coating box 1 casing respectively.
As Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3, described body rotary drive system 12 is identical with cap rotary drive system 12 ' structure, be symmetrical arranged, include the second driving device 121, shaft coupling 1204, intermeshing multiple oiling shaft gears 1205 side by side, be coated with oil pipe 1206, guide rail 1208, slip planker 1207, oil coating box 1209 and oiling transmission case 1210, described oil coating box 1209 is all placed on the work platforms on oiler 1 casing with slip planker 1207, slip planker 1207 is connected with oiler 1 casing by guide rail 1208, oiling transmission case 1210 is connected on slip planker 1207 by oil coating box 1209, oiling shaft gear 1205 is placed in oiling transmission case 1210, be coated with oil pipe 1206 identical with oiling shaft gear 1205 numbers, be connected on oiling shaft gear 1205, be placed in outside oiling transmission case 1210, the second driving device 121 is fixed on slip planker 1207, its output shaft is connected with one of intermeshing oiling shaft gear 1205 by shaft coupling 1204, the tooth bar 147 of oil coating box 1209 casings and pendulous device 14 connects firmly, motor gear 1103 engaged transmission of body active roll gear 144 and the first driving device 11 output shaft ends by pendulous device 14.
As shown in Figure 6, for making oiling even, the interior felt that arranges of described painting oil pipe 1206, is coated with on oil pipe 1206 buckle is set, and is arranged on oiling axle by buckle; Described buckle is two-way, is first placed on the spindle nose of oiling axle when installation, buckle center aligned pin is pressed tight, then rotate and be coated with oil pipe 1206 by the rightabout of the direction of rotation of each oiling axle, after putting in place, loosen painting oil pipe, be coated with oil pipe and blocked by pin, be coated with 1206, oil pipe and be mounted.Mounted painting oil pipe 1206 drives its rotation and reciprocating motion by oiling axle, thereby gives mould pin release agent application.For body rotary drive system 12 and cap rotary drive system 12 ' are put in place accurately, on described oiler 1 casing, be also provided with the approach switch 1211 that detects the second driving device 21 run locations.This routine described guide rail 1208 is line slideway.
The concrete transmission process of oiler 1 is as follows:
As shown in Figure 3, the first servomotor 1101 is with kinetoplast active roll gear 144 and other end active roll gear 143 to do positive and negative rotation through the motor gear 1103 of the first reductor 1102, make the tooth bar 147 being engaged with simultaneously and be fixedly mounted on tooth bar 147 body oil coating box 1209 and connected body slip planker 1207 above, shaft coupling 1204, reducer pedestal 1203, the second reductor 1202, the second servomotor 201 moves back and forth on the rolling guide 1208 being installed between oiler 1 casing and body slip planker 1207, so that the body painting oil pipe 1206 being arranged on body oiling transmission case 1210 carries out reciprocal oiling campaign.
Active roll gear 143 promotes the crank on slave pendulum moving gear 145 by pushing drawing rod 148, make slave pendulum moving gear 145 with it coaxial cap slave pendulum moving gear 146 also swing.In swinging, make the tooth bar 147 being engaged with and be fixedly mounted on the cap oil coating box 1209 ' on tooth bar 147 and be connected to cap slip planker 1207 ' on cap oil coating box 1209 ', shaft coupling 1204 ', reducer pedestal 1203 ', reductor 1202 ', the second servomotor 1201 ' be installed on the rolling guide 1208 ' between oiler casing 1 and cap slip planker 1207 ' and carrying out identical with it reciprocating motion, so that the cap painting oil pipe 1206 ' being arranged on cap oiling transmission case 1210 ' carries out reciprocal oiling campaign.
For making the remover uniformity of coating on mould pin 1311, require to be coated with oil pipe 1206,1206 ' not only relatively mould pin move back and forth, and also will constantly rotate, the function of rotary drive system will make body, cap respectively be coated with oil pipe 1206,1206 ' to be rotated exactly.Body rotary drive system 12 is identical with the rotary drive process of cap rotary drive system 12 ', take body rotary drive system 2 as example: the second servomotor 1201 starts, rotate with the oiling axle on kinetoplast oil coating box 1209 and intermeshing oiling shaft gear 1206 by reductor 1202, shaft coupling 1204, adjacent diaxon switched in opposite, thereby the each painting oil pipe 1206 that makes to be contained on oiling axle is rotated, to reach the function of above-mentioned coating remover.
The oiling process of oiler 1: when the mould bar 313 of being sloughed capsule by automat 4 is sent in the process of oiler 1, the nuzzle up oiling roller of baster of mould pin 1311 on mould bar arrives when oiling position, being coated with oil pipe 1206,1206 ' drives rotation limit, next limit to move to centre at transmission case, finally be enclosed within on the mould pin 1311 of mould bar, the felt being now coated with in oil pipe 1206,1206 ' is close to mould pin 1311, oil is wherein coated on to mould pin outer surface, be coated with subsequently oil pipe 1206,1206 ' and exit with mould pin 1311 and separate gradually in the other direction in rotation, so far oiling completes.
Glue dipping machine 2 connects respectively carries the upper planker slideway 515 of drying unit and the T-shaped slide rail 8 of oiler 1; Its function is the mould bar operation after oiler 1 oiling to be sent into the longitudinal rail of glue dipping machine 2, is pushed out to the upper planker slideway 515 of carrying drying unit through the little Bo of glue dipping machine 2 mechanism, large setting mechanism, ejecting mechanism 21.
As shown in Figure 7, glue dipping machine 2 comprises that little Bo mechanism 210, glue groove 211, column 212, glue-dipping mechanism 213, large setting mechanism 214, body 215, disk rotary rise mechanism 216 and mould bar ejecting mechanism 21, wherein all adopt existing structure except mould bar ejecting mechanism 21.
As Fig. 8, shown in Fig. 9, mould bar ejecting mechanism 21 is arranged on the release crossbeam 24 of glue dipping machine, comprise and release motor 201, actuating device 22, initiatively release axle 25, driven release axle 26, two pushing arms 28 and overload protection arrangement 23 thereof, described axle 25 and the driven release axle 26 initiatively released is installed in and releases on crossbeam 24, initiatively release axle 25 and driven release axle 26 one end and stretch out release crossbeam 24, intermeshing half tooth 27 is installed respectively on it, two pushing arms 28 are arranged on respectively initiatively to be released on axle 25 and driven release axle 26, install pushing arm 28 initiatively release axle 25 and driven release axle 26 ends are all provided with overload protection arrangement 23, initiatively release axle 25 other ends and stretch out release crossbeam 24, connect and release motor 201 by actuating device 22, at pushing arm 28 ends, bearing 29 is installed, contacts with mould bar, dry for horizontal launch mode bar to the mounting plate of capsule manufacture system.
As shown in Figure 8, described overload protection arrangement 23 comprised load plate 231, steel ball 234, protection spring 232, end cap 233 and set bolt 35, the described load plate 231 of crossing is for being with sleeved disc-shaped structure, socket end is sleeved on initiatively to be released between axle 25 or driven release axle 26 and pushing arm 28, disk end contacts with half tooth 27, described disk end has at least two holes along circumference, this example has had four holes, built-in steel ball 234, half tooth 27 end faces that contact with it have groove that can accommodating steel ball 234, protection spring 232 one end were sleeved on the socket end of load plate 231, the other end arranges protection end cap 233, be fixed on and initiatively release on axle 25 or driven release axle 26 by bolt 235.Equating to the stroke distances between planker in capsule manufacture system with tooth portion arc length and mould bar of described half tooth 27.In the described frame of initiatively releasing the glue dipping machine between axle 25 and driven release axle 26, be provided with the approach switch that detected load plate 231 end cap positions.
As Fig. 8, shown in Figure 10, described actuating device 22 comprises casing 2203 and is placed in the first rotating shaft 2212 in casing 203, first, the second gear 2201, 2202, crank disc 2204, first connecting rod 2205 and rocking arm 2206, the first gear 2201 is installed on described release motor shaft, the first rotating shaft 2212 is installed in casing 2203, the second gear 2202 is installed on it, first, the second gear 2201, 2202 engaged transmission, at the first rotating shaft 2212 ends, crank disc 2204 is installed, on it, connect one end of first connecting rod 2205, first connecting rod 2205 other ends be fixed on the rocking arm 2206 of initiatively releasing on axle 25 and be connected.
It is fluted that described rocking arm 2206 connects first connecting rod 2205 end bands, hinged with first connecting rod 2205; First connecting rod 2205 is hinged by bearing pin 2207 with the dish end of crank disc 2204, bearing pin 2207 axis and eccentric setting parallel with crank disc 2204 axis.By releasing motor 201 positive and negative rotations, drive crank disc 2204, the first connecting rod 2205 being attached thereto and rocking arm 2206 to swing, pushing arm 28 is swung with half tooth 27, because half tooth 27 equates to the stroke distances between planker in capsule manufacture system with tooth portion arc length and mould bar, so it swings a stroke, releases a supreme planker of mould bar.Motion and so forth.
Ejecting mechanism 21 of the present invention is the disk rotary of glue dipping machine 2 to be risen to the mould bar that mechanism 216 delivers to sliding way planker 515 height be pushed on sliding way planker 515; Drag on conveying dryer after in groups and sent into drying tunnel in order to mould bar 313.
Revolved while being raised to conveying dryer sliding way isometry position when revolving the mould bar 313 rising in disk, releasing motor 201 brings into operation, the first gear 2201, the second gear 2202 engagements released on motor 201 are rotated, and make to do revolution in a week with the coaxial crank disc 2204 of the second gear 2202; Crank disc 2204 promotes rocking arm 2206 by first connecting rod 2205; protecting under the compression of spring 233 with the coaxial load plate 231 of crossing of rocking arm 2206; drive the pushing arm 28 of initiatively releasing on axle 25 to carry out swing by steel ball 234; and pushing arm 28 on driven release axle 26 is also done corresponding swing through two engagement half tooth 27 transmissions thereupon, thereby one group of mould bar that revolving before pushing arm 8 risen in disk is pushed on dehydrator sliding way.
Crank disc stops after circling for 204 times, and pushing arm 28 repositions are treated to release startup, with the release task of this perfect aspect, hat cone bar next time.
In service at ejecting mechanism 21; in the time that pushing arm 28 is subject to abnormal resistance; pushing arm 28 operations stop; half tooth 27 also forces the steel ball 234 being pressed between pushing arm 28 and half tooth 27 to overcome protection spring 232 pressure in continuation rotation and rolled out load plate locating slot; force pushing arm 28 to move axially and trigger overload protection approach switch; main frame is shut down, release fault alarm, so realize the function of releasing protection.
After the mould bar of the continuous circular flow of capsule manufacture system of the present invention has applied releasing agent via oiler, be admitted to glue dipping machine (at every turn simultaneously sending into each one of body, cap).When the moment that mould bar separates with the T-shaped slide rail of oiler 1, the mould bar being supported by longitudinal rail overturns 90 ° under Gravitative Loads, drop on little group of guide rail, now the mould pin of mould bar becomes state vertically downward by original level, then by " pawl " on little group of frame tooth bar by body, outside horizontal sliding 60 ㎜ of hat cone bar, work after 6 times, make 6 to form one group, be then pushed into and dip on glue bracket by pusher dog in large dialling.Simultaneously be pushed to revolve and rise in disk dipping in the one group of mould bar that has dipped in glue stopping on glue bracket in the outer pusher dog of its synchronous operation at this;
Delivered to one group of rubber moulding bar to be dipped on bracket by interior pusher dog, within one group of cycle, complete and once dip in glue and be back to original position by glue-dipping mechanism.Dip in the mould bar of glue, be admitted to revolve at upper once large pushing disorder of internal organs and rise in disk, Xuan Sheng mechanism is delivering to the position contour with conveying dryer sliding way by the mould bar that has dipped in glue thereafter, and mould syringe needle vertically upward, at this moment pushing arm rotates, body, the each one group of mould bar of cap are delivered in sliding way plane, and so far glue dipping machine has completed the once function of self.
As shown in figure 13, platform machine 3 is for by the band utricule of being sent here by conveying dryer, hat cone bar, every some seconds by each to body, cap one unit of delivering to automat 4, oiler 1, glue dipping machine 2 (mould bar skin lesion of the scrotum).It is arranged on carries between drying unit and automat 4, the end of main engine bed 6.Platform machine 3 is connected with main motor-driven case 9, drives by main motor-driven case 9.
As shown in Figure 14-Figure 16, the mould bar switching mechanism 31 of platform machine 3 comprises servomotor 316, drive mechanism, central cassette, symmetry is connected in the guide rail 309 at described central cassette box body 310 two ends, Connection Block 307, turn over bar flange 308, swing arm 301, second connecting rod 302 and returning device, the described bar flange 308 that turns over is slidably connected on guide rail 309, activity swing arm 301 is hinged on Connection Block 307, its one end with described in turn over bar flange 308 and be connected, the other end is connected to and drives on the second connecting rod 302 that swings of swing arm 301, described second connecting rod 302 is fixed on platform machine support, and two ends are threaded, be provided with swing arm returning device at the second connecting rod 302 near platform machine support end, what be connected with restriction swing arm 1 stroke at second connecting rod 302 other ends touches nut 305.
Described swing arm returning device comprises hold-down nut 311, two blocks 303 that are connected with second connecting rod 2 and is placed in the spring 304 between two blocks 303, and its block near swing arm 301 contacts with swing arm 301, and another block contacts with hold-down nut 311.Spring 4 is for the acceleration return of central cassette and swing arm 301, and while rising due to central cassette, spring is stressed, and in the time that central cassette declines, spring 4 plays and makes the swing arm 301 being connected with central cassette accelerate the effect of return.
Described Connection Block 307 two ends 313 are provided with the locating piece 306 that limits swing arm 301 anglecs of rotation respectively.Described activity swing arm 301 is hinged on described Connection Block 307 by the second rotating shaft 312.Described drive mechanism is gear & rack structure, and described tooth bar 314 is fixedly connected with Connection Block, is connected on the output shaft 317 of servomotor 316, reductor 318 with its meshed gears 315; Described gear 315 is elevating arc, pumps along tooth bar.Drive separately by servomotor 316, make central cassette increase, to turn over bar steady; Can pick up speed when decline, increase work efficiency.
Work process of the present invention is: in the time that central cassette rising is about to put in place, swing arm 301 has one end of semi-circular projection and is arranged on the nut 305 that touches of second connecting rod 302 on platform machine support bumps against, start jack-up and turn over bar flange 308 and rise vertically upward along guide rail 309 faces because the other end of leverage swing arm 301 inserts the round end part of turning in bar flange 308, in rise process, turning over bar flange 308 inclined-planes, both sides raises mould bar 313 medial surface respectively, make mould bar 313 bottom surfaces respectively with turn over bar flange 308 inclined-planes, both sides and contact, simultaneously due to the standby quite weight (out-shift of gravity center) of mould bar mould needle set, the deadweight of pattern bar 313 falls into central cassette face, turn in the groove of bar flange 308 sides and the formation of platform machine upper bearing plate medial surface, middleboxes one falls after rise, the protruding semi circular surface of swing arm 301 one end leaves and touches nut 305, turn over bar flange 308 and fall back to original position by deadweight along guide rail 309.
Automat 4 is arranged between platform machine 3 and oiler 1 and is connected mutually with platform machine 3 and oiler 1 respectively; Automat is the important component part of capsule machine, its function is that the capsule blank being worn on mould pin to carrying drying system to dry is processed: peel by the softgel shell on mould pin, and it is trimmed by dimensional requirement, then make body, two sections of synthetic overall capsules of cap, finally sent by conveyer belt.
As shown in figure 17, the V-type device lifting mechanism of automat 4, be connected on the automat 4 of capsule manufacture system, comprise the drive shaft 47 being connected with automat, stripping pincers drive mechanism 41, V-type device seat 44, multiple V-type devices 45 and multiple stripping pincers 46, the integral structure that described multiple V-type device 45 is arranged side by side, on it, be respectively arranged with stripping pincers 46, the V-type device 45 of integral type is fixed on V-type device seat 44, on V-type device seat 4, be connected with the first lead 42, described the first lead 42 is connected in automat frame by linear bearing 43, stripping pincers drive mechanism 41 one end connect drive shaft 47, the other end is working end, contact with V-type device seat 44, promoting V-type device seat 44 moves back and forth.
As Figure 18, shown in Figure 19, described stripping pincers drive mechanism 41 comprises cam 4101, push rod 4102, connecting plate 4103, slide guide device, connecting rod 4105, the 3rd rotating shaft 4109, fork axle 4107 and two forks 4108, described cam 4101 is fixed in drive shaft 47, with push rod 4102 one end Contact Transmission, the other end of push rod 4102 connects fork axle 407 by connecting rod 4106, fork axle 4107 two ends connect respectively fork 4108, the transmission that all contacts with V-type device seat 44 of described two forks 4108, two 4108 of forks are also connected with the 3rd rotating shaft 4109, described the 3rd rotating shaft 4109 two ends are separately fixed in automat frame, push rod 4102 is fixed in automat frame by connecting plate 4103, connecting plate 4103 two ends are connected on automat support by slide guide device respectively, move back and forth along guider, fork 4108 is acted on along its 3rd rotating shaft 4109 and being rotated by push rod 4102.
Described slide guide device comprises the axis of guide 4104, axle sleeve 4110 and is connected to the fixed cover 4105 at the axis of guide 4104 two ends, and the described axis of guide 4104 is arranged in fixed cover 4105 by axle sleeve 4110.
Between two swing arms of described fork 4108, form angle, described angle makes: the stroke that promotes push rod 4102 by V-type device cam 4101 orders about the stroke that fork 4108 lifting V-type devices 45 rise, and guarantees clamp 46 opening angle maximums.V-type device 45 can be hoisted in good time, fork 4108 is swung around the 3rd rotating shaft 4109, the other end jack-up V-type device seat 44 of fork 4108, V-type device 45 moves upward, 46 mouthfuls of maximums of stripping pincers are opened, make stripping pincers 46 in the time advancing not with mould pin on capsule wipe and touch, advance while putting in place at stripping pincers 46, V-type device 45 cam 4101 that hoists forwards down position to, V-type device 45 relies on the effect of stripping pincers 46 spring tensions and V-type device 45 to decline with the deadweight of V-type device seat 44, make stripping pincers 46 jaw closures, clamp the capsule on mould pin, to carry out skin lesion of the scrotum.Described fork 4108 is provided with rolling bearing 48 with the swing arm end that V-type device seat 44 contacts.
The work process of V-type device lifting mechanism:
The present invention at work, drive the drive shaft 47 being connected with automat to be with moving cam 4101 to rotate by automat, make the push rod 4102 of transmission with it along automat gantry motion, by connecting rod 4106 drive fork axle 4107 and on fork reciprocating, now fork 4107 rotates around the 3rd rotating shaft 4109 being fixed in automat frame, realize reciprocally swinging, promote the V-type device 45 oscilaltion campaigns that V-type device seat 44 drives integral type, realization stripping pincers 46 open, closed action, carry out skin lesion of the scrotum.
Afterbody platform lifting mechanism 5 is for transporting the mould bar on upper and lower slideway planker 515,516.As shown in Figure 20, Figure 21, afterbody platform lifting mechanism 5 comprises frame 514, base plate 513, drive motors 501, drive mechanism, two afterbody platforms 508 and the elevating mechanism and the guider that are equipped with each afterbody platform 508, described drive motors 501 is connected with two elevating mechanisms respectively and is coordinated transmission by drive mechanism, two elevating mechanisms are connected on two afterbody platforms 508, and two afterbody platforms 508 are connected with the base plate 513 in frame 501 by its guider respectively.
As shown in Figure 20, Figure 21, described elevating mechanism comprises rack pinion 506, lifter rack 507 and rolling guide-rail pairs 510, described lifter rack 507 is connected on afterbody platform 508, the rack pinion 506 engaging with it is arranged on the power transmission shaft 504 of drive mechanism, and lifter rack 507 is connected on base plate 513 by rolling guide-rail pairs 510.
Described drive mechanism comprises intermeshing driving gear 502 and driven gear 503, power transmission shaft 504 and bearing spider 505, described driving gear 502 is arranged on drive motors 501 output shafts, power transmission shaft 504 is arranged on base plate 513 by bearing spider 5, the driven gear 503 engaging with driving gear 502 is arranged on power transmission shaft 504, and power transmission shaft 504 two ends are connected with the rack pinion of two elevating mechanisms respectively.
The guide bearing chock 512 that described guider comprises two second leads 511 and coordinates with the second lead 511, described the second lead 511 is connected on afterbody platform 508, vertically parallel with frame 501, guide bearing chock 512 is connected on base plate 513, drives afterbody platform 508 along the second lead 511 vertical motions.
For making afterbody lifting platform 508 steady, described afterbody platform 508 two ends are also separately installed with the directive wheel 509 rolling along base plate 513.Described drive motors 501 is toothed gearing electric motor.
Platform lifting mechanism of the present invention is exactly the mould bar that makes planker slideway 515, transfer on lower planker slideway 516 by the lifting of afterbody platform 508, so that the mould bar in upper and lower planker slideway 516 is connected mutually, form the passage of an operation, so that mould bar carries out continuous operation.Platform lifting mechanism is arranged on the afterbody of machine, on connect planker slideway 515, under connect lower planker slideway 516, specific works process is to start drive motors 501 upper before dragging work, the driving gear 502 being arranged on toothed gearing electric motor 501 engages driven gear 503, and driven gear 503 drives coaxial two rack pinions 506 to be rotated in the forward; Two lifter racks 507 that 506 transmissions of rack pinion are engaged with it rise, and jack-up with it two afterbody platforms 508 of secure bond move upward, in the time that two afterbody platform 508 work surfaces arrive with upper planker slideway 515 isometry position, toothed gearing electric motor 501 shuts down, and afterbody platform 508 stops rising.When above dragging when last template die bar in upper planker slideway 515 is sent on afterbody platform 508.Starter receiver reducing motor 501 inverted runnings, afterbody platform 508 is declined, fall back to original position, be that its work surface and lower planker slideway 516 are contour, one end of a template die bar under afterbody platform 8 is connect by upper planker slideway 515 rides over the porch of lower planker slideway 516, send into get ready to drag, an afterbody platform 508 like this completes lifting action.
Work process of the present invention:
Before start, first body, hat cone bar are placed on capsule production line.Main motor-driven case running after machine operation, in it, main motor drives main shaft rotation by worm reducer, makes main shaft drive the chain on platform machine 3 to make the belt on platform machine 3 carry out uniform motion.In the time that mould bar 313 runs to central cassette position on belt, now central cassette rises, and makes mould bar 313 overturn 90 °.Now pushed forward by pawling of platform machine 3.Mould bar is by automat 4, mould pin in the time arriving oiler 1 on mould bar can be stained with the releasing agent on oiler afterbody bob, in the time that mould bar 313 is pushed to oiling position, oiling slip blade 1207 moves to mould bar 313 under the drive of main shaft by gear drive, and the painting oil pipe 1206 on slip blade 1207 can be coated in releasing agent on mould pin uniformly.In the time that mould bar 313 continues to run until glue dipping machine 2, because mould bar 313 deadweight can upset, deliver to by little pushing the front end of pawling after large dialling, in the time saving bit by bit 6 mould bars, before being allocated to greatly, push to and dip in glue position.When dipping in cementing bundle and getting back to origin-location, large dialling can push to disk rotary by the mould bar with glue and rise mechanism 216.Now disk rises, and when disk rises to release location is, the pushing arm of ejecting mechanism 38 is pawled to start mould bar 313 is pushed in sliding way supporting plate 515, and the air duct of now shaping is shaped glue.In the time that sliding way supporting plate 515 has 24 mould bars, above drag scraper plate to push in upper drying tunnel and dry with mould bar 24.In the time that mould bar is about to run to upper drying tunnel afterbody, the afterbody platform 508 mould bar simultaneously that rises is pushed into afterbody platform 508, in the time that afterbody platform 508 drops to original position, under drag startup, mould bar is pushed to glide path and continues to dry.In the time that mould bar is about to move to platform machine 3 position, platform machine 3 supporting plates rise, and in the time that mould bar runs on platform machine supporting plate, supporting plate declines, and now mould bar moves to central cassette under the belt of platform machine 3 drives.While running to central cassette position, now central cassette rises, and makes 90 ° of mould bar upsets.Now pushed forward by pawling of platform machine 3.In the time that mould bar arrives automat 4, the main shaft of main motor rotates by chain-driving feed rod, transmission shaft drives the main shaft rotation of automat 4 by turbine and worm, thereby automat 4 is completed presss from both sides capsule, dial capsule, cut the action of capsule (waste material cutting away is by waste suction material system recoveries) fit.The capsule that cover gets togather is pushed up on little conveyer belt 154 by push rod.Drop on large conveyer belt 163 by little conveyer belt, then collect.Mould bar continues to proceed to oiler 1 oiling simultaneously.So circulation.
The present invention is applied in capsule production line, brief biography Work-feeding means 5 is arranged on oiling station 3 belows on oiler casing 1 workbench between body rotary drive system 2 and cap rotary drive system 2 ', comprise small band motor 51, little conveyer belt 54, little Timing Belt 52 and two small pulleys 53, small band motor 51 and a small pulley 53 are placed on oiler workbench, another small pulley 53 is installed on small band motor 51 output shafts, two 53 of small pulleys connect little Timing Belt 52, two one of little regulating wheels of little conveyer belt 54 are arranged on the automat of production line, small pulley 53 on another and workbench coaxially arranges.
Brief biography Work-feeding means 5 is that the little conveyer belt 154 that connects automat 4 and oiler 1 is turned round, thereby make to release by automat 4 combined blocks the finished capsule product dropping on little conveyer belt 154 and be transported to oiler 1 from automat 4, menometrorrhagia box hole is dropped on large conveyer belt 163 again, is transported to outside machine in order to large conveyer belt 163.
Also be provided with large conveyor-belt apparatus 6 along oiler workbench, its large conveyer belt 63 is vertical with little conveyer belt 54 directions of little conveyor-belt apparatus, and little conveyer belt 54 is placed in large conveyer belt 63 tops.Large conveyor-belt apparatus 6 comprises large band synchronous motor 61, travelling gear 65, two large belt tensioner pulleys 64 and large Timing Belts 62, the described large output shaft end with synchronous motor 61 is provided with gear, the travelling gear 65 engaging with it is coaxial with one of them large belt tensioner pulley 64, another large belt tensioner pulley 64 is fixed on oiler casing 1, finished capsule product transmits by little conveyer belt 54, fall into large conveyer belt 63, export by large conveyer belt 63.
Large and small conveyer belt on oiler, as long as machine starts them just ceaselessly in running.Little conveyer belt 54 on oiler links up automat and oiler, in the time that capsule is sent from automat combined block, just drop on little conveyer belt 54, little conveyer belt 54 direction of motion above by automat to oiler, so the capsule falling thereon is sent to the guider of little conveyer belt 54 ends of oiler from automat, the capsule moving is changed to direction import small opening along little conveyer belt 54 directions.Below small opening, be exactly the large conveyer belt 63 perpendicular with little conveyer belt direction, the direction of motion above it is from machine middle part to machine outside, collects outward so the capsule falling thereon is just delivered to machine by its band.
Embodiment 2: this example as different from Example 1: as Figure 11, shown in Figure 12, in described glue dipping machine 2, actuating device 22 comprises casing 2203 and is placed in the intermeshing the 3rd in casing 2203, the 4th gear 2209, 2208, original position triggers ring 2210 and puts in place and trigger ring 2211, on the release motor shaft that described the 3rd gear 2209 is installed, the 4th gear 2208 is arranged on and stretches into initiatively releasing on axle 5 in transmission case body 2203, described the 4th gear 2208 is with tube-in-tube structure, axle 25 ends of initiatively releasing at the 4th gear 2208 ends are provided with original position triggering ring 2210, be equipped with to put in place at the bush outer sleeve of the 4th gear 2208 and trigger ring 2211, initiatively release axle 25 and turn to put in place and trigger ring trigger position, release motor 201 return that reverses, initiatively release axle 25 and turn to original position and trigger ring 2210 trigger positions, release motor 201 forwards.
When the mould bar in capsule manufacture system is revolved while being raised to conveying dryer sliding way isometry position; releasing motor 201 brings into operation; release the 3rd gear 2209 and the 4th travelling gear 2208 engaged transmission on motor 201; make with coaxial half tooth 27 of the 3rd gear 2209, cross load plate 231 under the compression of protection spring 232; drive pushing arm 28 to carry out swing by steel ball 234; and another pushing arm is also done corresponding swing through two engagement half tooth 27 transmissions thereupon, thereby one group of mould bar before pushing arm 28 is pushed on dehydrator on planker.
Pushing arm 28 turns to put in place and stops after setting-up time while triggering ring 2211 trigger switch position, and reposition is treated to release startup, with the release task of this perfect aspect, hat cone bar next time.

Claims (32)

1. a capsule manufacture wire system, comprise main engine bed, glue dipping machine, oiler, automat, platform machine, conveying drying unit, at the afterbody platform lifting mechanism of carrying drying unit end to arrange, be placed in the waste suction materials device above automat and be placed in large and small conveyor-belt apparatus, the main drive gear of oiler, glue dipping machine connects respectively carries the upper planker slideway of drying unit and the T type slide rail of oiler; It is characterized in that:
Described glue dipping machine, oiler, automat and platform machine are set up in parallel on main engine bed, connect respectively servomotor, by driven by servomotor,
Platform machine is arranged on to be carried under drying unit between planker slideway and automat, in the end of main engine bed, and main motor-driven case connecting platform machine;
Between automat and platform machine, be connected mutually by T-shaped track of sliding track;
Platform machine pushing mechanism promotes mould bar and slides along the T-shaped slide rail of the T-shaped slide rail of automat, oiler respectively, mould bar to the glue dipping machine pushing after oiling dips in glue, the mould bar dipping in after glue is sent to platform machine after carrying drying unit to dry, be delivered to automat through platform machine and complete and cut capsule, stripping capsule, synthetic overall capsule, by being arranged on the large and small conveyor-belt apparatus output finished product at oiler position; The waste material producing reclaims by waste suction materials device.
2. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described oiler comprises oiler casing, the first driving device, be symmetrically placed in cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system on oiler workbench, pendulous device, oiling station, transport the T-shaped slide rail of mould bar, described pendulous device is connected in oiler casing one side, oiling station is placed in workbench top, its oiling end contacts with capsule cap on workbench and the mould pin of capsule body respectively in the time of oiling, the painting oil pipe of cap rotary drive system and body rotary drive system and described mould coaxial needle, and corresponding cooperation respectively, described the first driving device by pendulous device attachment cap rotary drive system, body rotary drive system, drives its running respectively, T-shaped slide rail is connected mutually with automat and glue dipping machine respectively.
3. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described oiling station comprises symmetrically arranged baster and connecting rod rack, described baster comprises that releasing agent holds bottle, constant flow pump, vapor pipe, defeated dose of pipe, rolling wheel support and two fixed axis that are set up in parallel, in described releasing agent appearance bottle, vapor pipe is set, the defeated dose of pipe being communicated with vapor pipe is connected with a fixed axis on rolling wheel support, on defeated dose of pipe, be connected with constant flow pump, on two fixed axis, all cover has bob, and rolling wheel support is connected on connecting rod rack.
4. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: on the fixed axis circumference that described and defeated dose of pipe is connected, have multiple oil outlets, the oil preparation in defeated dose of pipe exports on bob by roller oil-out.
5. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described pendulous device comprises active roll axle, slave pendulum moving axis, two active roll gears, two slave pendulum moving gears, pull bar and the tooth bar engaging respectively with four wobble gears, described active roll axle and slave pendulum moving axis are placed in respectively in oiler casing, active roll axle and slave pendulum end shaft in oiler casing both sides are installed respectively active roll gear and slave pendulum moving gear, wherein the active roll gear of a side is connected by pull bar with slave pendulum moving gear, the body active roll gear of opposite side is connected with the motor gear of the first driving device, tooth bar connects firmly with oil coating box casing respectively.
6. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described cap rotary drive system is identical with body rotary drive system structure, be symmetrical arranged, include the second driving device, shaft coupling, intermeshing multiple oiling shaft gears side by side, be coated with oil pipe, guide rail, slip planker, oil coating box and oiling transmission case, described oil coating box and slip planker are all placed on the work platforms on oiler casing, slip planker is connected with oiler casing by guide rail, oiling transmission case is connected on slip planker by oil coating box, oiling shaft gear is placed in oiling transmission case, be coated with oil pipe identical with oiling shaft gear number, be connected on oiling shaft gear, be placed in outside oiling transmission case, the second driving device is fixed on slip planker, its output shaft is connected with one of intermeshing oiling shaft gear by shaft coupling, the tooth bar of oil coating box casing and pendulous device connects firmly, the motor gear engaged transmission of rear wobble gear and the first driving device output shaft end by pendulous device.
7. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: in described painting oil pipe, felt is set.
8. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: on described painting oil pipe, two-way buckle is set, is connected with oiling axle by buckle.
9. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: on described oiler casing, be also provided with the approach switch that detects the second driving device run location.
10. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 1, described glue dipping machine comprises mould bar ejecting mechanism, being arranged on glue dipping machine releases on crossbeam, it is characterized in that: described mould bar ejecting mechanism comprises release motor, actuating device, initiatively release axle, driven release axle, two pushing arms and overload protection arrangement thereof, described axle and the driven release axle initiatively released is installed in and releases on crossbeam, initiatively release axle and release crossbeam is stretched out in driven release axle one end, intermeshing half tooth is installed respectively on it, two pushing arms are arranged on respectively initiatively to be released on axle and driven release axle, install pushing arm initiatively release axle and driven release shaft end is all provided with overload protection arrangement, initiatively release the axle other end and stretch out release crossbeam, connect and release motor by actuating device.
11. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that: described overload protection arrangement comprised load plate, steel ball, protection spring, end cap and set bolt, the described load plate of crossing is for being with sleeved disc-shaped structure, socket end is sleeved on initiatively to be released between axle or driven release axle and pushing arm, disk end contacts with half tooth, described disk end has at least two holes along circumference, built-in steel ball, the half increment face contacting with it has groove that can accommodating steel ball, protection spring one end was sleeved on the socket end of load plate, the other end arranges protection end cap, be bolted on and initiatively release on axle or driven release axle.
12. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 10, is characterized in that: in the frame of the described glue dipping machine of initiatively releasing axle and driven release between centers, be provided with the approach switch that detected load plate end cap position.
13. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 10, is characterized in that: the equating to the stroke distances between planker in capsule manufacture system with tooth portion arc length and mould bar of described half tooth.
14. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that: described actuating device comprises casing and is placed in the first rotating shaft, first, second gear, crank disc, first connecting rod and the rocking arm in casing, on described release motor shaft, the first gear is installed, the first rotating shaft is installed in casing, the second gear is installed on it, first, second meshed transmission gear, at the first rotating shaft end, crank disc is installed, on it, connect one end of first connecting rod, the first connecting rod other end be fixed on the rocking arm of initiatively releasing on axle and be connected.
15. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 14, is characterized in that: it is fluted that described rocking arm connects first connecting rod end band, hinged with first connecting rod; The dish end of first connecting rod and crank disc is hinged by bearing pin, bearing pin axis and eccentric setting parallel with crank disc axis.
16. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that: described actuating device comprises casing and is placed in intermeshing the 3rd, the 4th gear, the original position triggering ring in casing and puts in place and trigger ring, on the release motor shaft that described the 3rd gear is installed, the 4th gear is arranged on and stretches into initiatively releasing on axle in transmission case body, described the 4th gear is with tube-in-tube structure, the axle head of initiatively releasing in the 4th gear end is provided with original position triggering ring, is equipped with to put in place triggers ring at the bush outer sleeve of the 4th gear; Initiatively release axle and turn to the triggering ring trigger position that puts in place, release motor reversal return, initiatively release axle and turn to original position triggering ring trigger position, release motor forward.
17. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 1, described platform machine comprises mould bar switching mechanism, it is characterized in that: described mould bar switching mechanism comprises servomotor, drive mechanism, central cassette, symmetry is connected in the guide rail at described central cassette box body two ends, Connection Block, turn over bar flange, swing arm, second connecting rod and returning device, the described bar flange that turns over is slidably connected on guide rail, activity swing arm is hinged on Connection Block, its one end with described in turn over bar flange and be connected, the other end is connected on the second connecting rod that drives swing arm swing, described second connecting rod is fixed on platform machine support, be provided with swing arm returning device at the second connecting rod near platform machine support end, be connected with the nut that touches of restriction swing arm stroke at the second connecting rod other end, described Connection Block connects servomotor by drive mechanism.
18. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 17, it is characterized in that: described swing arm returning device comprises hold-down nut, two blocks that are connected with second connecting rod and is placed in the spring between two blocks, its block near swing arm contacts with swing arm, and another block contacts with hold-down nut.
19. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 17, is characterized in that: described Connection Block two ends are respectively equipped with the locating piece of the restriction swing arm anglec of rotation.
20. as described in claim 17 capsule manufacture wire system, it is characterized in that: described activity swing arm is hinged on described Connection Block by the second rotating shaft.
21. as described in claim 17 capsule manufacture wire system, it is characterized in that: described drive mechanism is gear & rack structure, and described tooth bar is fixedly connected with Connection Block, be connected on the output shaft of servomotor with its meshed gears.
22. as described in claim 1 capsule manufacture wire system, described automat comprises V-type device lifting mechanism, it is characterized in that: described V-type device lifting mechanism comprises the drive shaft being connected with automat drive motors, stripping pincers drive mechanism, V-type device seat, multiple V-type devices and multiple stripping pincers, the integral structure that described multiple V-type device is arranged side by side, on it, be respectively arranged with stripping pincers, the V-type device of integral type is fixed on V-type device seat, on V-type device seat, be connected with the first lead, described the first lead is connected in automat frame by linear bearing, stripping pincers drive mechanism one end connects drive shaft, the other end is working end, contact with V-type device seat, promoting V-type device seat moves back and forth.
23. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 22, it is characterized in that: described stripping pincers drive mechanism comprises cam, push rod, connecting plate, slide guide device, connecting rod, the 3rd rotating shaft, fork axle and two forks, described cam is fixed in drive shaft, with push rod one end Contact Transmission, the other end of push rod connects fork axle by connecting rod, fork axle two ends connect respectively fork, the transmission that all contacts with V-type device seat of described two forks, between two forks, be also connected with the 3rd rotating shaft, described the 3rd rotating shaft two ends are separately fixed in automat frame, push rod is fixed in automat frame by connecting plate, connecting plate two ends are connected on automat support by slide guide device respectively, move back and forth along slide guide device, fork rotates along its 3rd rotating shaft by push rod effect.
24. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 23, is characterized in that: described slide guide device comprises the axis of guide, axle sleeve and be connected to the fixed cover at axis of guide two ends, and the described axis of guide is arranged in fixed cover by axle sleeve.
25. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 23, it is characterized in that: between two swing arms of described fork, form angle, it is to order about by the stroke of V-type device cam promotion push rod the stroke that fork lifting V-type device rises that described angle makes with the swing arm stroke of V-type device seated connection contravention, guarantees clamp opening angle maximum.
26. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 25, is characterized in that: the tactile swing arm end of described fork and V-type device seated connection is provided with rolling bearing.
27. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described afterbody platform lifting mechanism comprises frame, base plate, drive motors, drive mechanism, two afterbody platforms and the elevating mechanism and the guider that are equipped with each afterbody platform, described drive motors is connected with two elevating mechanisms respectively and is coordinated transmission by drive mechanism, two elevating mechanisms are connected on two afterbody platforms, and two afterbody platforms are connected with the base plate in frame by its guider respectively.
28. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 27, it is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism comprises rack pinion, lifter rack and rolling guide-rail pairs, described lifter rack is connected on afterbody platform, the rack and pinion mounting attachment engaging with it is on the power transmission shaft of drive mechanism, and lifter rack is connected on base plate by rolling guide-rail pairs.
29. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 27, it is characterized in that: described drive mechanism comprises intermeshing driving gear and driven gear, power transmission shaft and bearing spider, described driving gear is arranged on drive motors output shaft, power transmission shaft is arranged on base plate by bearing spider, the driven gear engaging with driving gear is arranged on power transmission shaft, and power transmission shaft two ends are connected with the rack pinion of two elevating mechanisms respectively.
30. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 27, it is characterized in that: described guider comprises two second leads and the guide bearing chock coordinating with the second lead, described the second lead is connected on afterbody platform, vertically parallel with frame, guide bearing chock is connected on base plate, drives afterbody platform along the second lead vertical motion.
31. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 27, is characterized in that: described afterbody platform two ends are also separately installed with the directive wheel rolling along base plate.
32. capsule manufacture wire system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: on described mould bar, the quantity of single mould pin is 38, equidistantly arrange.
CN201320851467.8U 2013-12-19 2013-12-19 Capsule production line system Expired - Fee Related CN203634504U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320851467.8U CN203634504U (en) 2013-12-19 2013-12-19 Capsule production line system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104943044A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 安徽黄山胶囊股份有限公司 Hollow capsule preparation device provided with improved glue dipping machine
CN105496789A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-04-20 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Drying, demolding and trimming device for hollow capsules
CN105534716A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-04 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Gelatin melting, dipping and drying integrated device
CN106038305A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-26 南通贝特医药机械有限公司 Capsule automatic machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104943044A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 安徽黄山胶囊股份有限公司 Hollow capsule preparation device provided with improved glue dipping machine
CN105496789A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-04-20 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Drying, demolding and trimming device for hollow capsules
CN105534716A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-04 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Gelatin melting, dipping and drying integrated device
CN105496789B (en) * 2015-12-16 2019-01-18 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 A kind of Capsules drying demoulding trimming device
CN105534716B (en) * 2015-12-16 2019-03-05 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 A kind of melten gel dips in the drying integrated device of glue
CN106038305A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-10-26 南通贝特医药机械有限公司 Capsule automatic machine

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