CN203608557U - Multifunctional underground crop harvester - Google Patents

Multifunctional underground crop harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203608557U
CN203608557U CN201320629004.7U CN201320629004U CN203608557U CN 203608557 U CN203608557 U CN 203608557U CN 201320629004 U CN201320629004 U CN 201320629004U CN 203608557 U CN203608557 U CN 203608557U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
car
crop harvester
underground crop
motor
multifunctional underground
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320629004.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李垒
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李垒
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Priority to CN201320629004.7U priority Critical patent/CN203608557U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203608557U publication Critical patent/CN203608557U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional underground crop harvester. The multifunctional underground crop harvester comprises a vehicle body, a power system, a guiding mechanism, a walking mechanism, a conveying and screening mechanism, a vibration device and a soil scraping mechanism, wherein the conveying and screening mechanism is arranged on the lower part of the vehicle body; the vibration device enables the conveying and screening mechanism to carry out vibration soil screening; the soil scraping mechanism is arranged on the front part of the conveying and screening mechanism; the conveying and screening mechanism comprises a plurality of grid-shaped rollers which are arrayed in parallel along the length direction of the vehicle body and are rotatably connected with the vehicle body; adjacent rollers are in transmission connection through chains and chain wheels. The harvester is reasonable in structure. Moreover, by the adoption of a roller type separating screen, the harvester is flexible and convenient, is convenient to maintain, and has a better practical value.

Description

Multifunctional underground crop harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of farm machinery, especially a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester.
Background technology
At present, a lot of for the reaping machine of the underground crops such as potato, garlic, peanut, traditional reaping machine generally adopts bolter to realize the discharging of separating of crop and fruit and earth and crop, but because sieve nest area is larger, easily damage, safeguard inconvenience, in use have larger drawback.
Utility model content
In order to address the above problem, the utility model proposes a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester, this reaping machine is rational in infrastructure, adopts drum-type separating sieve, rotates flexibly, is convenient to safeguard, has good practical value.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester, comprise car body, dynamical system, guiding mechanism, running gear, also comprise the transportation sorting mechanism of being located at car body bottom, make transportation screening mechanism vibrations sieve native vibrating device, and be located at the earth scraper structure of described transportation sorting mechanism front portion; Described transportation sorting mechanism comprise multiple be rotatably connected along length over ends of body direction parallel arranged and with car body grid-like cylinder, between described adjacent roller, connected by chain and chain gear transmission.
The two ends of described cylinder are connected with end cap, and the center of described end cap is equipped with rotating shaft; In described rotating shaft, be coaxially connected with respectively two sprocket wheels; The bottom correspondence of described car body is provided with bearing block; Described cylinder is rotatably connected with car body by rotating shaft and bearing block respectively.
Spacing on described cylinder between adjacent grill is not more than 3cm, and the distance between adjacent roller is not more than 3cm.
Described cylinder is provided with a drive roll, and all the other are driven cylinder, and the rotating shaft of described drive roll is connected with the output shaft of motor III.
Described dynamical system comprises the motor I that drives reaping machine walking, for earth scraper structure provides the motor II of operation power, and provides the motor III of operation power for transporting sorting mechanism.
Described earth scraper structure comprises the acclivitous grid-like knife rest in rear portion, uniform several perching knives of knife rest front end; Described knife rest comprises girder and connects the connecting rod of girder and perching knife; The girder that the is positioned at knife rest rear portion bottom of swing arm that is rigidly connected, middle part and the vehicle frame of described swing arm are hinged, the hinged connecting rod in top; The other end of described connecting rod is connected with the fixed axis of eccentric wheel side; Described eccentric wheel is fixedly connected with the power take-off of motor II.
Described running gear comprises the directive wheel that is installed on Vehicular body front and the driving wheel that is installed on rear vehicle, and described driving wheel provides power by the motor I being installed on back axle.
Described vibrating device involving vibrations wheel and vibrating motor; Described vibrating wheels contacts with the vehicle body frame of connection transportation sorting mechanism, and making to transport sorting mechanism can vibratory sieve soil.
The width of described earth scraper structure and transportation sorting mechanism equates.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester, this reaping machine is rational in infrastructure, adopts drum-type separating sieve, flexible, is convenient to safeguard, has good practical value.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
The structural representation that accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of transportation sorting mechanism and earth scraper structure.
In figure, 1. headstock, 2. directive wheel, 3. car body, 4. motor II, 5. earth scraper structure, 5-1. perching knife, 5-2. connecting rod, 5-3. girder, 5-4. swing arm, 5-5. connecting rod, 6. driving wheel, 7. motor I, 8. motor III, 9. transportation sorting mechanism, 9-1. cylinder, 9-2. sprocket wheel, 9-3. chain, 9-4. end cap, 9-5. rotating shaft, 10. eccentric wheel, 11. vibrating devices.
Embodiment
In the accompanying drawings, a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester, comprise car body 3, dynamical system, guiding mechanism, running gear, also comprises the transportation sorting mechanism 9 of being located at car body 3 bottoms, make to transport the vibrating device 11 of sorting mechanism 9 vibratory sieve soil, and be located at the earth scraper structure 5 of described transportation sorting mechanism 9 front portions; Described transportation sorting mechanism 9 comprise multiple along car body 3 length direction parallel arranged and be rotatably connected with car body 3 grid-like cylinder 9-1, between described adjacent roller 9-1, be in transmission connection by chain 9-3 and sprocket wheel 9-2.
The two ends of described cylinder 9-1 are connected with end cap 9-4, and described end cap 9-4 center is equipped with rotating shaft 9-5; On described rotating shaft 9-5, be coaxially connected with respectively two sprocket wheel 9-2; The bottom correspondence of described car body 3 is provided with bearing block; Described cylinder 9-1 is rotatably connected with car body 3 by rotating shaft 9-5 and bearing block respectively.
Described cylinder 9-1 is provided with a drive roll, and all the other are driven cylinder, and the rotating shaft of described drive roll is connected with the output shaft of motor III 8.
Spacing between the upper adjacent grill of described cylinder 9-1 is not more than 3cm, and the distance between adjacent roller 9-1 is not more than 3cm.
Described dynamical system comprises the motor I 7 that drives reaping machine walking, for earth scraper structure 5 provides the motor II 4 of operation power, and provides the motor III 8 of operation power for transporting sorting mechanism 9.
Described earth scraper structure 5 comprises the acclivitous grid-like knife rest in rear portion, uniform several perching knives of knife rest front end 5-1; Described knife rest comprises girder 5-3 and connects the connecting rod 5-2 of girder 5-3 and perching knife 5-1; The girder 5-3 that the is positioned at knife rest rear portion bottom of swing arm 5-4 that is rigidly connected, the middle part of described swing arm 5-4 and vehicle frame 3 are hinged, the hinged connecting rod 5-5 in top; The other end of described connecting rod 5-5 is connected with the fixed axis of eccentric wheel 10 sides; Described eccentric wheel 10 is fixedly connected with the power take-off of motor II 4.
Described running gear comprises the directive wheel 2 that is installed on car body 3 front portions and the driving wheel 6 that is installed on car body 3 rear portions, and described driving wheel 6 provides power by the motor I 7 being installed on back axle.
Described vibrating device 11 involving vibrations wheel and vibrating motors; Described vibrating wheels contacts with the vehicle body frame of connection transportation sorting mechanism 9, and making to transport sorting mechanism 9 can vibratory sieve soil.
The width of described earth scraper structure 5 and transportation sorting mechanism 9 equates.
When use, motor I 7 drives this reaping machine to walk forward, motor II 4 is with movable eccentric wheel 10 to rotate, and by connecting rod 5-5, swing arm 5-4 drives perching knife 5-1 to make front-rear reciprocation movement, realize the native operation of shovel, and the crop under shovel is delivered on transportation sorting mechanism 9, transportation sorting mechanism 9 is made up of multiple cylinder 9-1 arranged side by side and rotating in same direction, crop is carried backward, in the process of carrying, because vibrating device 11 does not stop to shake vehicle frame, the earth that makes to be attached on crop is shaken off and falls back to ground by the grid on cylinder 9-1, crop is the neat reaping machine rear portion that falls within.
The utility model can be used for the results of the underground crops such as garlic, potato, peanut.

Claims (9)

1. a multifunctional underground crop harvester, comprise car body (3), dynamical system, guiding mechanism, running gear, it is characterized in that: also comprise the transportation sorting mechanism (9) of being located at car body (3) bottom, make to transport the vibrating device (11) of sorting mechanism (9) vibratory sieve soil, and be located at the anterior earth scraper structure (5) of described transportation sorting mechanism (9); Described transportation sorting mechanism (9) comprise multiple be rotatably connected along car body (3) length direction parallel arranged and with car body (3) grid-like cylinder (9-1), between adjacent roller (9-1), be in transmission connection by chain (9-3) and sprocket wheel (9-2).
2. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the two ends of described cylinder (9-1) are connected with end cap (9-4), the center of described end cap (9-4) is equipped with rotating shaft (9-5); In described rotating shaft (9-5), be coaxially connected with respectively two sprocket wheels (9-2); The bottom correspondence of described car body (3) is provided with bearing block; Described cylinder (9-1) is rotatably connected with car body 3 by rotating shaft (9-5) and bearing block respectively.
3. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cylinder (9-1) is provided with a drive roll, all the other are driven cylinder, and the rotating shaft of described drive roll is connected with the output shaft of motor III (8).
4. according to a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester described in claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the spacing between the upper adjacent grill of described cylinder (9-1) is not more than 3cm, and the distance between adjacent roller (9-1) is not more than 3cm.
5. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamical system comprises the motor I (7) that drives reaping machine walking, for earth scraper structure (5) provides the motor II (4) of operation power, and provide the motor III (8) of operation power for transporting sorting mechanism (9).
6. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described earth scraper structure (5) comprises the acclivitous grid-like knife rest in rear portion, uniform several perching knives of knife rest front end (5-1); Described knife rest comprises girder (5-3) and connects the connecting rod (5-2) of girder (5-3) and perching knife (5-1); The girder (5-3) that the is positioned at knife rest rear portion bottom of swing arm (5-4) that is rigidly connected, the middle part of described swing arm (5-4) and vehicle frame (3) are hinged, the hinged connecting rod in top (5-5); The other end of described connecting rod (5-5) is connected with the fixed axis of eccentric wheel (10) side; Described eccentric wheel (10) is fixedly connected with the power take-off of motor II (4).
7. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described running gear comprises the driving wheel (6) that is installed on the anterior directive wheel (2) of car body (3) and is installed on car body (3) rear portion, and described driving wheel (6) provides power by the motor I (7) being installed on back axle.
8. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described vibrating device (11) involving vibrations wheel and vibrating motor; Described vibrating wheels contacts with the vehicle body frame of connection transportation sorting mechanism (9).
9. a kind of multifunctional underground crop harvester according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the width of described earth scraper structure (5) and transportation sorting mechanism (9) equates.
CN201320629004.7U 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Multifunctional underground crop harvester Expired - Fee Related CN203608557U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320629004.7U CN203608557U (en) 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Multifunctional underground crop harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320629004.7U CN203608557U (en) 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Multifunctional underground crop harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203608557U true CN203608557U (en) 2014-05-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320629004.7U Expired - Fee Related CN203608557U (en) 2013-10-12 2013-10-12 Multifunctional underground crop harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203608557U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103518464A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 李垒 Multifunction underground crop harvester
CN109328605A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-02-15 昆明理工大学 A kind of crawler type Radix Notoginseng cropper

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103518464A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-22 李垒 Multifunction underground crop harvester
CN109328605A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-02-15 昆明理工大学 A kind of crawler type Radix Notoginseng cropper

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140528

Termination date: 20161012

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee