CN203435457U - Solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203435457U
CN203435457U CN201320508812.8U CN201320508812U CN203435457U CN 203435457 U CN203435457 U CN 203435457U CN 201320508812 U CN201320508812 U CN 201320508812U CN 203435457 U CN203435457 U CN 203435457U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
greenhouse
solar cell
convex lens
cell panel
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Application number
CN201320508812.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张竣淞
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张竣淞
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Priority to CN201320508812.8U priority Critical patent/CN203435457U/en
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Publication of CN203435457U publication Critical patent/CN203435457U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model provides a solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse. The solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse comprises a greenhouse body and a roof on the top of the greenhouse body, wherein telescopic solar cell panel assemblies are arranged on the roof continuously or at intervals, a convex lens type condensation material and a concave lens type light diffusing material are arranged below the roof, a water tank is arranged on the focus point below the convex lens type condensation material, more than one solar shutter is arranged on the two sides of the greenhouse body, and the solar cell penal assemblies and the solar shutters are connected with an inverter and/or a storage battery through a controller. According to the solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse, the regulation and control of the temperature, the ventilation and the humidity can be completed according to the growth requirements of plants, and the light transmittance and the electricity generation rate can be adjusted according to the sun exposure degree.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, belongs to photovoltaic application.

Background technology

Global energy crisis and problem of environmental pollution frequently occur in recent years; energy-saving and emission-reduction also become the theme in epoch; and having promoted the development and application of the new forms of energy such as photovoltaic, photovoltaic generation is according to photovoltaic effect principle, utilizes solar cell that solar energy is converted into electric energy.Solar energy power generating industrial growth is rapid, and not only because it is the clean energy resource with many advantages, a more tempting reason is that, in the process of building integration, solar module more has affinity than solar water heater and building.Solar module not only can be used as energy device, also can be used as roofing and wall covering, and both power supply energy-saving, had saved again building materials.

Green house area the first in the world of China, agricultural greenhouse has strict demand to temperature, humidity, illumination, circulation of air, the different crops of Various Seasonal, economic crops or flowers, growth conditions is had to different demands, and suitable growth conditions is the key issue of booth design how to offer crop; Photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse also becomes a developing direction of photovoltaic industry, day by day rise, photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse plants vegetables to generate electricity and neglects neither, but can affect penetrating of sunray in booth at the solar panel of ceiling setting, and the shade by its generation makes Activities of Some Plants in booth all not accept uniform illumination completely, affects the growth cycle of sun plant.When sunshine is more, temperature of shed is higher, is unfavorable for the growth of plant, and how the relation between the adjusting and controlling growth factor such as equilibrium temperature, humidity, illumination, circulation of air, most important for the popularization of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse.

Summary of the invention

Order of the present utility model is to provide a kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, this booth comprises greenhouse 1 and is arranged on the ceiling 2 at 1 top, greenhouse, on ceiling 2 continuously or interval be provided with telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3, ceiling below is provided with convex lens type light-concentrating material and recessed type diffusion material, below convex lens type light-concentrating material, focal spot is provided with tank, 1 both sides, greenhouse are provided with more than one solar shutter, and solar cell panel assembly, solar shutter are connected with inverter and/or accumulator by controller.

Telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3 described in the utility model comprises support 9, fixed solar cell panel 4, an above mobile solar panel 5, driving-belt, fixed solar cell panel 4 is arranged on support 9, driving-belt is arranged in support, mobile solar panel 5 is fixed on driving-belt and by it, is completed flexible, the below of position when convex lens type light-concentrating material or recessed type diffusion material are arranged on mobile solar panel and stretch out, can adjust as required the flexible state of mobile solar panel 5, thereby adjust usage quantity and the time of convex lens type light-concentrating material or recessed type diffusion material, spaced apart or the continuous distribution of convex lens type light-concentrating material or recessed type diffusion material.

When mobile solar panel described in the utility model is thin-film solar cell panel, adopt roller shutter type stretch mode to complete the contraction of mobile solar panel.

Solar shutter described in the utility model comprises window frame, blade, pull bar, on every blade, solar panel is installed, pull bar is connected with all blades, blade pass is crossed rotating shaft and is connected with window frame, in window frame surrounding, be provided with heat-generating pipe, heat-generating pipe is connected with inverter and/or accumulator by controller.

Tank 10 described in the utility model is double-layer water tank, tank comprises inner and outer wall, sink outer walls bottom is provided with steam nozzle 11, inboard wall of cistern is used for being filled with water, water steam after heating is sprayed by steam nozzle by the space between inside and outside wall, on tank, be provided with water inlet and delivery port, water inlet is connected with water pipe, and after heating, hot water can be drawn as him and be used by delivery port by pipeline when not using.

Convex lens type light-concentrating material 7 described in the utility model is convex lens, solar panel, concentration piece or optically focused film.

Recessed type diffusion material 6 described in the utility model is concavees lens, astigmatism plate, scattering sheet or astigmatic film.

In canopy described in the utility model, be provided with LED illuminating lamp.

Extension type solar cell panel assembly of the present utility model, can realize according to the demand of planting plants the adjustment of light and temperature in booth, recessed type diffusion material further effectively distributes the light that sees through ceiling, guarantees that the plant in booth is accepted uniform illumination, promotes the growth of plant, under sun-drenched condition, convex lens type light-concentrating material, by the moisture in heating water tank, increases humidity in canopy, meets those and air humidity is had relatively high expectations and the demand of the less plant of root moisture requirement, when afternoon, sunlight was stronger, can pass through telescopic solar cell panel assembly, ceiling is covered completely, increase Generation Rate and reach the object of sheltering from heat or light simultaneously, and open solar shutter, can guarantee the circulation of air in canopy, reach cooling object, improve the requirement of the interior oxygen of canopy and carbon dioxide, when solar shutter is opened or closes, solar cell disposed thereon can be converted into electric energy by solar energy, be stored in accumulator, while needing to heat in canopy, heat-generating pipe by solar shutter frame surrounding increases temperature of shed, this booth can be adjusted light transmittance and Generation Rate according to degree of exposure.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse;

Fig. 2 is the telescopic solar cell panel assembly structural representation of the utility model;

Fig. 3 is that the recessed type diffusion material of the utility model ceiling or convex lens type light-concentrating material distribute and structural representation;

Fig. 4 is the telescopic solar cell panel assembly section of the utility model structural scheme of mechanism;

Fig. 5 is that the utility model booth solar energy transforms schematic diagram;

In figure: 1-greenhouse, 2-ceiling, the telescopic solar cell panel assembly of 3-, 4-fixed solar cell panel, 5-moves solar panel, the recessed type diffusion material of 6-, 7-convex lens type light-concentrating material, 8-solar shutter, 9-support, 10-tank, 11-steam nozzle, 12-inwall, 13-outer wall, 14-heat-generating pipe, 15-water inlet, 16-delivery port, 17-driving-belt.

Embodiment

Below by drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to described content.

Embodiment 1: this photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse comprises greenhouse 1 and is arranged on the ceiling 2 at 1 top, greenhouse, on ceiling 2, be provided with continuously telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3, convex lens type light-concentrating material 7 and recessed type diffusion material 6 are installed in ceiling below, below convex lens type light-concentrating material focus point, locate to be provided with tank 10,1 both sides, greenhouse are respectively arranged with the solar shutter 8 of four, and solar cell panel assembly, solar shutter are connected with accumulator with inverter by controller, wherein said telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3 comprises support 9, fixed solar cell panel 4, a mobile solar panel 5, driving-belt 17, fixed solar cell panel 4 is arranged on support 9, driving-belt 17 is arranged in support, driving-belt 17 is driven by motor and rotating shaft, mobile solar panel is fixed on driving-belt and by it, is completed flexible, the below of position when recessed type diffusion material is arranged on continuously mobile solar panel and stretches out, also intert between recessed type diffusion material the below of convex lens type light-concentrating material is random when being arranged on mobile solar panel and stretching out position, solar shutter comprises window frame, blade, pull bar, on every blade, solar panel is installed, pull bar is connected with all blades, and blade pass is crossed rotating shaft and is connected with window frame, in window frame surrounding, be provided with heat-generating pipe 14, heat-generating pipe 14 is connected with accumulator by controller, tank 10 is double-layer water tank, tank comprises inwall 12 and outer wall 13, sink outer walls 13 bottoms are provided with steam nozzle 11, water is housed in inboard wall of cistern, water steam after heating is sprayed by steam nozzle 11 by the space between inside and outside wall, on tank, be provided with water inlet 15 and delivery port 16, water inlet is connected with water pipe, and after heating, hot water can be drawn as him and be used by delivery port by pipeline when not using, convex lens type light-concentrating material 7 is convex lens, and recessed type diffusion material 6 is concavees lens, is provided with LED illuminating lamp in canopy.(seeing Fig. 1-4).

The telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3 of the utility model is arranged on ceiling continuously, 3 rows are set, every row's spacing distance is the length after mobile solar panel 5 stretches out, summer is when used, the morning 9-11 point, all mobile solar panels 5 are all in contraction state, utilize natural daylight to carry out illumination to plant, and the concavees lens 6 of installing by ceiling below are uniformly distributed light, convex lens 7 are by the water in heating water tank simultaneously, by steam, increase humidity in canopy, opening section solar shutter ventilates, after 11, along with temperature raises, solar radiation strengthens, stretch out all mobile solar panels 5, ceiling is covered completely, increase Generation Rate and reach the object of sheltering from heat or light simultaneously, if while still needing humidification, only stretch out mobile solar panel 5 shadings of concavees lens 6 tops, convex lens 7 still can be crossed absorption sunshine heating water and produce steam, now can open solar shutter completely ventilates, aeration-cooling, in this, simultaneously fixed solar cell panel 4 and/or mobile solar panel 5 are accepted solar energy and are converted into electric energy, be stored in accumulator or transform power supply by inverter, the electric energy that the electricity of battery stores and inverter transform can be for the illumination of electric light in booth, flexible power resources of mobile solar panel 5 in the electricity consumption of heat-generating pipe and telescopic solar cell panel assembly.

Winter, a little less than solar radiation, can step back the time of stretching out mobile solar panel, by natural daylight to heating in canopy, the strong plant growth that affects is crossed in illumination in afternoon, the mobile solar panel 5 of extended part weakens illumination, but still there is part sunlight to can be used for heating temperature of shed, the mobile solar panel 5 of the of short duration unlatching solar shutter Close All of timing or convex lens 7 tops, ventilate or increase humidity, when temperature of shed is too low, the heating tube that can around arrange by solar shutter heats, and improves temperature of shed.

Embodiment 2: this photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse structure is with embodiment 1, difference is: on ceiling 2, be arranged at intervals with telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3, telescopic solar cell panel assembly 3 comprises support 9, fixed solar cell panel 4, two mobile solar panels 5, mobile solar panel is thin-film solar cell panel, adopt roller shutter type stretch mode to complete the contraction of mobile solar panel, two mobile solar panels 5 are flexible towards different directions.

Claims (8)

1. a photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse, comprise greenhouse (1) and be arranged on the ceiling (2) at top, greenhouse (1), it is characterized in that: ceiling (2) upper continuously or interval be provided with telescopic solar cell panel assembly (3), ceiling below is provided with convex lens type light-concentrating material (7) or/and recessed type diffusion material (6), below convex lens type light-concentrating material, focal spot is provided with tank (10), both sides, greenhouse (1) are provided with more than one solar shutter (8), telescopic solar cell panel assembly (3), solar shutter (8) is connected with inverter and/or accumulator by controller.
2. according to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: telescopic solar cell panel assembly (3) comprises support (9), fixed solar cell panel (4), more than one mobile solar panel (5), driving-belt, fixed solar cell panel (4) is arranged on support (9), driving-belt is arranged in support, mobile solar panel be fixed on driving-belt and by it, completed flexible, the below of position when convex lens type light-concentrating material or recessed type diffusion material are arranged on mobile solar panel and stretch out.
3. photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse according to claim 2, is characterized in that: when mobile solar panel is thin-film solar cell panel, adopt roller shutter type stretch mode to complete the contraction of mobile solar panel.
4. according to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: solar shutter comprises window frame, blade, pull bar, on every blade, solar panel is installed, pull bar is connected with all blades, blade pass is crossed rotating shaft and is connected with window frame, in window frame surrounding, be provided with heat-generating pipe, heat-generating pipe is connected with inverter and/or accumulator by controller.
5. according to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: tank (10) is double-layer water tank, and tank bottom is provided with steam nozzle (11), is provided with water inlet and delivery port on tank.
6. according to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: convex lens type light-concentrating material (7) is convex lens, solar panel, concentration piece or optically focused film.
7. according to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: recessed type diffusion material (6) is concavees lens, astigmatism plate, scattering sheet or astigmatic film.
8. according to the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in canopy, be provided with LED illuminating lamp.
CN201320508812.8U 2013-08-20 2013-08-20 Solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse CN203435457U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320508812.8U CN203435457U (en) 2013-08-20 2013-08-20 Solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320508812.8U CN203435457U (en) 2013-08-20 2013-08-20 Solar photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse

Publications (1)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104642005A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-27 青岛锐特光伏农业科技有限公司 Agricultural special ecological connected greenhouse provided with photovoltaic facilities
CN104956965A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-10-07 安徽工程大学 Greenhouse cooling system
CN105230395A (en) * 2015-09-01 2016-01-13 徐州工业职业技术学院 Multi-species planting greenhouse and animal and plant composite culturing method
CN105265241A (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-01-27 常州市盈顺电子有限公司 Humidity control window
CN105359889A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-02 天津榛发科技有限责任公司 Sunlight greenhouse with high transmittance
CN105393845A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-16 成都蒲江珂贤科技有限公司 Photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse
CN105409648A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-23 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological greenhouse
CN105432373A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-30 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological greenhouse
CN105613122A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-06-01 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological agriculture greenhouse
CN107047131A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 道真自治县云星种植有限责任公司 Bark of official magnolia planting greenhouse
CN107439273A (en) * 2013-05-13 2017-12-08 松下知识产权经营株式会社 The sunshine amount adjusting apparatus in greenhouse
CN107736164A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-27 广西吉宽太阳能设备有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN107736170A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-02-27 广西超星太阳能科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural greenhouse based on solar power generation

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107439273A (en) * 2013-05-13 2017-12-08 松下知识产权经营株式会社 The sunshine amount adjusting apparatus in greenhouse
CN105265241A (en) * 2014-05-29 2016-01-27 常州市盈顺电子有限公司 Humidity control window
CN104642005A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-05-27 青岛锐特光伏农业科技有限公司 Agricultural special ecological connected greenhouse provided with photovoltaic facilities
CN104956965A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-10-07 安徽工程大学 Greenhouse cooling system
CN105230395A (en) * 2015-09-01 2016-01-13 徐州工业职业技术学院 Multi-species planting greenhouse and animal and plant composite culturing method
CN105359889A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-02 天津榛发科技有限责任公司 Sunlight greenhouse with high transmittance
CN105393845A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-16 成都蒲江珂贤科技有限公司 Photovoltaic agriculture greenhouse
CN105613122A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-06-01 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological agriculture greenhouse
CN105432373A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-30 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological greenhouse
CN105432373B (en) * 2015-12-21 2018-10-12 苏州腾晖光伏技术有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse
CN105409648A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-23 中利腾晖光伏科技有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological greenhouse
CN105613122B (en) * 2015-12-21 2018-09-21 苏州腾晖光伏技术有限公司 photovoltaic ecological agriculture greenhouse
CN105409648B (en) * 2015-12-21 2018-10-12 苏州腾晖光伏技术有限公司 Photovoltaic ecological greenhouse
CN107047131A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-18 道真自治县云星种植有限责任公司 Bark of official magnolia planting greenhouse
CN107736164A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-02-27 广西吉宽太阳能设备有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse
CN107736170A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-02-27 广西超星太阳能科技有限公司 A kind of agricultural greenhouse based on solar power generation

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140219

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee