CN101836566A - Solar greenhouse structure and thin-film solar cell module thereof - Google Patents

Solar greenhouse structure and thin-film solar cell module thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101836566A
CN101836566A CN200910127725A CN200910127725A CN101836566A CN 101836566 A CN101836566 A CN 101836566A CN 200910127725 A CN200910127725 A CN 200910127725A CN 200910127725 A CN200910127725 A CN 200910127725A CN 101836566 A CN101836566 A CN 101836566A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
light
film solar
battery module
solar battery
greenhouse
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200910127725A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
庄美琛
钟诚
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Lite On Technology Corp
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Lite On Technology Corp
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lite On Technology Corp filed Critical Lite On Technology Corp
Priority to CN200910127725A priority Critical patent/CN101836566A/en
Publication of CN101836566A publication Critical patent/CN101836566A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention provides a solar greenhouse, comprising a greenhouse main structure and at least one thin-film solar cell module, wherein the greenhouse main structure is formed by multiple side surface structures and a top surface structure; at least one thin-film solar cell module is laid on the top surface structure; the thin-film solar cell module absorbs light with specific band in sunlight, and properly ensures that non-absorbed sunlight can penetrate the thin-film solar cell module and enter the greenhouse main structure. The penetrating sunlight contains light required by plant for photosynthesis. Therefore, the structure and the module can provide light radiation or light control required by the greenhouse without extra cost for sunshade screens, and can generate electric energy by sufficiently utilizing sunlight at the same time.

Description

Solar greenhouse structure and film solar battery module thereof
Technical field
The present invention is about a kind of greenhouse structure, particularly about a kind of solar greenhouse structure of innovation.
Background technology
That the greenhouse has is Anti-Typhoon, anti-acid rain insect pest, cooling in summer and function such as heat winter, can provide crop good growing environment, thus often be used to cultivate high economic worth crop, as orchid, Hami melon or the like.
As is known to the person skilled in the art, greenhouse engineering mainly is the physiological requirement according to crop, according to the on-site atmospheric environment in greenhouse, select suitable covering material, the various ring control equipment of inner collocation in the greenhouse are regulated the inner micro climate in greenhouse, keep the best growing condition of crop.
Temperature can maintain specific growing environment temperature in the greenhouse in order to make, the greenhouse needs ventilation unit in design usually, so as to when summer weather is extremely hot, heat unnecessary in the greenhouse is discharged, and winter temperature low excessively, during unfavorable plant growth, then be to utilize warmer to improve growing environment temperature in the greenhouse.
But, in some cases, only be adjusted to suitable room temperature immediately, and need the expensive cooling device of installing in addition by ventilation units such as air exhauster are also very difficult.These designs not only spend many costs, and consume a large amount of power supplys.
In addition, in order to control the quantity of illumination of crop in the greenhouse, present greenhouse utilizes the sunshade net to regulate the irradiation of daylight usually, avoid being exposed under the ultraviolet light of crop transition simultaneously, cause the blade face sunburn, if harmful uitraviolet intensity increases, not only can have influence on crop biochemistry and physiological function, also can hinder the growth of crop.
Yet, tradition utilizes the sunshade net to regulate the practice of illumination and light that can't efficient filter specific wavelengths scope, also can't very efficiently carry out the quantity of illumination or photocontrol, and the sunshade net also may cover plant growth and the needed light of photosynthesis simultaneously.
Hence one can see that, and present greenhouse structure still has many shortcomings to need further improvement and improve.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, main purpose of the present invention is providing a kind of solar greenhouse structure through improvement, can effectively solve the deficiency and the shortcoming of above-mentioned background technology.
For reaching aforementioned purpose, a kind of solar energy greenhouse of the present invention comprises a greenhouse agent structure, and it is made of a multiaspect side structure body and a top surface structure body; And at least one film solar battery module, be laid on this top surface structure body, wherein this film solar battery module absorbs the light of specific band in daylight and changes into electric energy, and suitably makes unabsorbed daylight penetrate this film solar battery module and enter in this greenhouse agent structure.This wherein, penetrate contain in the light foot allow plant carry out the needed light of photosynthesis.Thus, solar energy greenhouse of the present invention can also provide the required quantity of illumination in greenhouse or photocontrol not needing ancillary cost to use under the sunshade net, also makes full use of daylight simultaneously and produces electric energy.
In order further to understand feature of the present invention and technology contents, see also following about detailed description of the present invention and accompanying drawing.Yet the only for reference and aid illustration usefulness of accompanying drawing is not to be used for the present invention is limited.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the configuration schematic diagram according to the solar energy greenhouse that the preferred embodiment of the present invention illustrated.
Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of the solar energy greenhouse among Fig. 1.
The solar energy greenhouse schematic diagram of Fig. 3 for being illustrated according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
The solar energy greenhouse part schematic diagram of Fig. 4 for being illustrated according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
The main element symbol description
1 solar energy greenhouse
2 daylight
3 penetrate light
3 ' penetrates light
10 greenhouse agent structures
The 10a pedestal
The 10b skeleton
The 10c light-passing board
20 film solar battery modules
30 transoms
40 veils
50 insulation materials
60 side structure bodies
70 draft fans
80LED lamp source
120 light filters
210 DC terminal
211 bidirectional, dcs/direct current power converter
212 DC-DC inverters
213 exchange end
290 energy-storage systems
300 loads
Embodiment
See also Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, wherein Fig. 1 is the configuration schematic diagram according to the solar energy greenhouse that the preferred embodiment of the present invention illustrated, and Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of the solar energy greenhouse among Fig. 1.As shown in Figures 1 and 2, solar energy greenhouse 1 of the present invention comprises a greenhouse agent structure 10, it mainly is made of pedestal 10a and a plurality of support or skeleton 10b, and the support that utilizes pedestal 10a and a plurality of support or skeleton 10b to be provided, and lay light-passing board 10c at the top surface structure body or the side to light of greenhouse agent structure 10.For electric energy additionally is provided, top surface structure body that can greenhouse agent structure 10 is provided with a plurality of film solar battery modules 20, or is provided with a plurality of film solar battery modules 20 at light-passing board 10c.
Wherein, light-passing board 10c can be the material that can allow light pass through as clear glass, glass fibre or plastics etc., it can be to be arranged in parallel or arranged vertical, function comprises light filling, makes sunny distribution or sunlight is evenly distributed, and light-passing board 10c can be a lens arrangement, as concavees lens, or other can make the equally distributed structure of sunlight.The external form framework of solar energy greenhouse 1 of the present invention can be monolateral, bilateral or other shapes, only is illustration among the figure.
In addition, on greenhouse agent structure 10, can select to be provided with and be arranged in parallel or the air-vent or the transom 30 of arranged vertical.Perhaps, air-vent or transom 30 can be arranged between a plurality of film solar battery modules 20.On greenhouse agent structure 10 veil 40 can be set in addition, can be the structure of closure or openness, also can be transparent or opaque material.Solar energy greenhouse 1 of the present invention can also include insulation material 50, can be organic material, for example straw or rubber etc., perhaps inorganic.Insulation material 50 can manual mode or electronic mode open and close.
The side structure body 60 of solar energy greenhouse 1 (for example flank wall) can be followed the demand of temperature to decide according to sunlight and be adopted printing opacity or lighttight material, and this material can be fixed or detachable structure.On greenhouse agent structure 10, can select ventilating opening to be set in addition or to install draft fan 70 additional.In some application scenario, can be chosen in device light emitting diode (LED) lamp source 80 in the solar energy greenhouse 1, so as to the growth of controlling plant or crop, illumination when blooming cycle or night work.
In addition, according to the present invention, can be provided with or not be provided with automatic water system in the greenhouse, plant can be planted on ground or multilayer frame, can be that soil is ploughed, gas is ploughed or water is ploughed, and the content of plantation can be plant or aquaculture.
Major technique of the present invention is characterised in that on the top surface structure body (for example roof) of solar energy greenhouse 1 or the side to light and is equipped with a plurality of film solar battery modules (thin-film solar module) 20 or large-area film solar battery module 20, for example, non-crystalline silicon (amorphous silicon), microcrystal silicon (microcrystalline) or nanocrystal silicon (nano-crystalline) thin-film type solar cell or the like.According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, film solar battery module 20 can be laid on the light-passing board 10c, and perhaps, film solar battery module 20 can be laid between the light-passing board 10c.If when the top surface structure body was network, a plurality of film solar battery modules 20 can be arranged on network, and replace light-passing board 10c with film solar battery module 20.
Be noted that, according to the present invention, film solar battery module 20 must be able to allow daylight 2 penetrate, just be required to be the light-penetrating type film solar battery module, and the light that daylight 2 sponges specific band through film solar battery modules 20 (for example, green-yellow light) afterwards, enter into penetrating light 3 and must contain and to make crop or plant (for example carry out the needed light of photosynthesis in the greenhouse agent structure 10, blue light and ruddiness), for example, (chlorophyll a) the optical wavelength energy of required absorption is respectively 430nm and 662nm to chlorophyll a.And according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the scope of film solar battery module 20 abosrption spectrograms is approximately between between the 450nm to 640nm, but not as limit.Preferably, film solar battery module 20 is wanted to allow the light of optical wavelength between 400-450nm and 640-700nm penetrate, and has high penetration, carries out the required light of photosynthesis so that crop or plant to be provided.
Principle of the present invention is the absorption of part sunshine and changes into electric energy, and make the required light of photosynthesis of plant penetrate film solar battery module 20, enter in the greenhouse, make crop or the plant can continued growth, simultaneously because the sunshine of part is absorbed into electric energy by film solar battery module 20, so make the heat in the greenhouse can not continue or accumulation fast, have the function of regulating temperature.And film solar battery module 20 more can in parallel with civil power or non-parallel connection, and the electric energy of its generation can have the function of generating with battery storage or non-battery storage.Thus, solar energy greenhouse of the present invention can also provide the required quantity of illumination in greenhouse or photocontrol not needing ancillary cost to use under the sunshade net, also makes full use of daylight simultaneously and produces electric energy.
The example that is configured to Fig. 1, suppose that planting area is about 590 square metres, and the length of single seat solar energy greenhouse is 94.5 meters, width is 6.25 meters, and the film solar battery module 20 that is of a size of 1300mm * 1100mm with monolithic is laid, and makes an appointment with altogether and can lay 333 film solar battery modules 20.If being 75 watts with every module generated energy estimates that the generated energy of single seat solar energy greenhouse is about 25 kilowatts, about 29,200 degree of annual value of production.
According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the electricity that solar energy greenhouse 1 is sent can be in parallel with power transmission and distribution networking system with transformer with the current transformer (inverter) of number through appropriate stage-number, as shown in Figure 3, the film solar battery module 20 of solar energy greenhouse 1 can be linked to a DC terminal 210 and an energy-storage system 290, wherein energy-storage system 290 can comprise an accumulator and charge/discharge device thereof, and it is in parallel with a load 300 to exchange end 213.Is bidirectional, dc/direct current power converter 211 and DC-DC inverter 212 in DC terminal 210 with exchanging between the end 213, utilize such bi-directional electric power adjuster, the direct current energy of film solar battery module 20 and energy-storage system 290 can be switched to an AC energy, supply load 300.
In addition, need to use the equipment of electric power in the solar energy greenhouse 1, for example, ventilating fan, cooling device, warmer, humidifier, water sprinkler, LED lamp source etc., all can use the electric power that film solar battery module 20 produced drives, so removing to possess, solar energy greenhouse 1 of the present invention have province can regulate light, self-centered advantage energy-conservation, automatically, more can be used in large tracts of land agricultural land near city or industrial area, form the solar energy greenhouse power plant, and the excrescent electric power that is produced is offered other area (for example industrial area or residential area) use.
In the past, pure solar plant is owing to need the large tracts of land soil to send enough electric power, add that it usually adopts be the non-thin-film type solar cell that light can be covered fully (for example, crystal silicon solar batteries), its below land area can't be used for farming, gardening or fish culture etc., so be set at the remote wasteland far away mostly apart from the city, and can't be arranged on agricultural land near city or industrial area, its shortcoming is when transmission distance is far away, and the power consumption loss rate of solar plant generating may reach 20% to 30%.
In comparison, the solar energy greenhouse power plant that utilizes the present invention to constitute can be configured in the large tracts of land agricultural land near city or industrial area, so can effectively reduce the power loss in the electric power transfer process, can effectively utilize simultaneously the soil, greenhouse under it again, as farming, gardening or fish culture, can significantly promote the income of land area of one unit in the summation economic benefit of generating and farming, so the present invention can take into account using energy source and environmental protection, has value on the high industry in fact.
See also Fig. 4, its solar energy greenhouse part schematic diagram for being illustrated according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 4, solar energy greenhouse 1 of the present invention can comprise light filter 120 in addition, it is arranged on film solar battery module 20 belows, make daylight 2 (for example sponge specific band through film solar battery module 20, green-yellow light) after the light, before entering into greenhouse agent structure 10, filter out harmful optical band earlier, for example, ultraviolet light so enters in the greenhouse agent structure 10, the filtered light 3 ' that penetrates, only contain and to make crop plants carry out the needed light of photosynthesis (for example, blue light and ruddiness), and can not contain harmful ultraviolet light.On the contrary, the light selectivity of light filter 120 can be selected for use and only allow the thing plant to carry out the needed light of photosynthesis to penetrate.
Certainly, the configuration configuration shown in Fig. 4 is not limited in and is applied in the greenhouse, also can be used in other occasion, for example, on the buildings in general, can make and treat to avoid ultraviolet tanning by the sun indoor personnel.Aforesaid light filter 120 is made of glass, plastics, polarizer or polymer composite.
The above only is the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is all according to equalization variation and modification that the present invention did, all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. solar energy greenhouse comprises:
One greenhouse agent structure, it reaches a top surface structure body of being supported by a plurality of side structure bodies by multiaspect side structure body and is constituted; And
At least one film solar battery module is laid on this top surface structure body, and this film solar battery module absorbs the light of specific band in the daylight and changes into electric energy, and daylight is had selectivity;
Wherein, containing foot through the selected daylight of this film solar battery module allows plant carry out the needed light of photosynthesis.
2. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 1, wherein this film solar battery module comprises non-crystalline silicon, microcrystal silicon or Nano silicon-crystal thin film formula solar cell.
3. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 1, wherein this specific band is approximately between between the 450nm to 640nm.
4. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 1 wherein also is provided with light-passing board on this top surface structure body, is used for light filling, makes sunny distribution or sunlight is evenly distributed.
5. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 4, wherein this film solar battery module is laid on this light-passing board.
6. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 4, wherein this film solar battery module is laid between this light-passing board.
7. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 1, wherein this side structure body adopts light-transmitting materials or light tight material.
8. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 1 wherein also comprises a light filter, is located at this film solar battery module below, so that daylight is had selectivity.
9. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 8, wherein this light filter was used for filtering ultraviolet or only allow to penetrate crop plants and carry out the needed light of photosynthesis.
10. solar energy greenhouse according to claim 1, wherein the electricity that this film solar battery module sent can be in parallel with power transmission and distribution networking system with transformer with the current transformer of number through appropriate stage-number.
11. a film solar battery module, this film solar battery module absorbs the light of specific band in the daylight and changes into electric energy, it is characterized in that, is provided with a light filter below this film solar battery module, so that daylight is had selectivity.
CN200910127725A 2009-03-18 2009-03-18 Solar greenhouse structure and thin-film solar cell module thereof Pending CN101836566A (en)

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CN200910127725A CN101836566A (en) 2009-03-18 2009-03-18 Solar greenhouse structure and thin-film solar cell module thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550334A (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-07-11 福建农林大学 Multifunctional plant cultivation facility for integrating photovoltaic power generation and characteristic spectrum illumination
CN102884962A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-01-23 河南豫新太阳能应用工程有限公司 Light adjustable type photovoltaic agricultural shed
CN103489960A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 福建农林大学 Photovoltaic power generation and plant cultivation coordinated solar energy optimal utilization method
CN104106431A (en) * 2014-08-05 2014-10-22 无锡市翱宇特新科技发展有限公司 Greenhouse photovoltaic external sunshade system
TWI474777B (en) * 2010-10-08 2015-03-01 Sinetics Associates Internat Taiwan Ltd Plant growth apparatus, system and method thereof
CN106258625A (en) * 2016-08-13 2017-01-04 南京索乐优节能科技有限公司 Selective transmission photovoltaic film is utilized to carry out the glass sunlight house of plant light compensation
CN108899384A (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-27 海南师范大学 The setting method of solar double-glass assemblies and its cell piece
CN109140287A (en) * 2017-06-16 2019-01-04 欧司朗股份有限公司 Illumination apparatus and correlation method
CN109220457A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-18 湖州常华苗木有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating seedlings
CN112739197A (en) * 2018-10-03 2021-04-30 不二精工株式会社 Plant cultivation device

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TWI474777B (en) * 2010-10-08 2015-03-01 Sinetics Associates Internat Taiwan Ltd Plant growth apparatus, system and method thereof
CN102550334A (en) * 2012-02-15 2012-07-11 福建农林大学 Multifunctional plant cultivation facility for integrating photovoltaic power generation and characteristic spectrum illumination
CN102884962A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-01-23 河南豫新太阳能应用工程有限公司 Light adjustable type photovoltaic agricultural shed
CN102884962B (en) * 2012-11-06 2014-04-09 河南豫新太阳能应用工程有限公司 Light adjustable type photovoltaic agricultural shed
CN103489960A (en) * 2013-09-22 2014-01-01 福建农林大学 Photovoltaic power generation and plant cultivation coordinated solar energy optimal utilization method
CN103489960B (en) * 2013-09-22 2016-05-11 福建农林大学 A kind of photovoltaic generation utilizes method with the solar energy optimization that plant culture is worked in coordination with mutually
CN104106431A (en) * 2014-08-05 2014-10-22 无锡市翱宇特新科技发展有限公司 Greenhouse photovoltaic external sunshade system
CN106258625A (en) * 2016-08-13 2017-01-04 南京索乐优节能科技有限公司 Selective transmission photovoltaic film is utilized to carry out the glass sunlight house of plant light compensation
CN108899384A (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-27 海南师范大学 The setting method of solar double-glass assemblies and its cell piece
CN109140287A (en) * 2017-06-16 2019-01-04 欧司朗股份有限公司 Illumination apparatus and correlation method
CN109220457A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-18 湖州常华苗木有限公司 A kind of method for cultivating seedlings
CN112739197A (en) * 2018-10-03 2021-04-30 不二精工株式会社 Plant cultivation device

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Open date: 20100922