CN203251726U - Mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling air environment automatically - Google Patents

Mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling air environment automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203251726U
CN203251726U CN2013203058289U CN201320305828U CN203251726U CN 203251726 U CN203251726 U CN 203251726U CN 2013203058289 U CN2013203058289 U CN 2013203058289U CN 201320305828 U CN201320305828 U CN 201320305828U CN 203251726 U CN203251726 U CN 203251726U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
control
controller
air environment
layer planting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2013203058289U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
缪宏
张瑞宏
奚小波
郑再象
金亦富
沈辉
张剑峰
叶盛勇
顾国晨
赵荔
朱松
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Yangzhou University
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Yangzhou University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangzhou University filed Critical Yangzhou University
Priority to CN2013203058289U priority Critical patent/CN203251726U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203251726U publication Critical patent/CN203251726U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The utility model discloses a mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling the air environment automatically and belongs to the technical field of agricultural production facilities. The greenhouse comprises a greenhouse body, wherein the greenhouse body is formed by a greenhouse framework, non-transparent plates and transparent plates. A light intensity control device, a CO2 concentration control device, a temperature control device, a humidity control device, a multilayer planting device and an exhaust fan are arranged in the greenhouse body, shading plates capable of being opened and closed connected to the greenhouse framework are arranged outside the greenhouse body, and a hoisting device capable of carrying out hoisting movement as a whole is also arranged on the greenhouse framework. A plurality of sensors control humidity signals, CO2 concentration signals, temperature signals and light intensity signals to be transmitted to a regulator, work of a pneumatic atomizing humidifier, a CO2 storage device, a heater, a light source device and the exhaust fan is regulated and controlled by the regulator, therefore, the proper growing environment can be provided for crops, and planting efficiency can be improved. The mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling the air environment automatically overcomes the defects that a traditional greenhouse is fixed and affected by environmental factors like regions, and mobility of the greenhouse is achieved. The greenhouse is reasonable in structure, saving in energy, environmentally friendly and good in promotion prospect.

Description

A kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of green house, and particularly a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse belongs to agricultural production facility technology field.
Background technology
General planting greenhouse is comprised of Keelof green house, nontransparent plate, transparent panel etc., at present, the chamber planting great majority are individual layer plantations, low, the greenhouse air environment conditioning ability of its plantation efficient, can't realize that the greenhouse efficiently plants, so a kind of movable air environment of utility model auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse has very important realistic meaning.
The utility model content
The utility model is exactly that existing greengrocery crop-planting greenhouse space availability is low, plantation efficient is low in order to solve, greenhouse air environment conditioning ability, can't realize the problem such as efficient plantation, a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse is provided, satisfy the needs in chamber planting market, it is rational in infrastructure, energy-saving and environmental protecting have realized the intellectuality of chamber planting, and simple, be convenient to move, not limited by territorial environment.
The technical solution of the utility model is that a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse comprises the greenhouse that is comprised of Keelof green house, nontransparent plate, transparent panel, it is characterized in that, is provided with light intensity controlling device, CO in the described greenhouse 2Concentration control apparatus, temperature control equipment, humidity conditioner, multi-layer planting device, ventilating fan are provided with the shadow shield that can close of opening that connects on the described Keelof green house outside the greenhouse, also be provided with the hanging apparatus that whole Liftable moves on the Keelof green house.
Described light intensity controlling device is comprised of light intensity sensor, controller, light control switch, light source, shadow shield, by light intensity sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller is passed to light control switch and shading control device with the signal of telecommunication, by light control switch control light source, by the opening degree of shading control device control shadow shield.
Described CO 2Concentration control apparatus is by CO 2Concentration sensor, controller, CO 2Gas circuit valve, CO 2Storage device forms, by CO 2Concentration sensor is passed to controller with the signal of telecommunication, controller control CO 2The switch of gas circuit valve is by CO 2Storage device provides CO 2Supply.
Described temperature control equipment is comprised of temperature sensor, controller, cooling and heating device, by temperature sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller control cooling and heating device, and in time give greenhouse temperature increasing or cooling.
Described humidity conditioner is comprised of humidity sensor, controller, strength atomizing humidifier, by humidity sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller control strength atomizing humidifier, and in time give the greenhouse humidification.
Described multi-layer planting equipment is comprised of multi-layer planting frame, planting pot, and the multi-layer planting frame is provided with three layers of rack at least, and planting pot places on the rack of multi-layer planting frame, and multi-layer planting has set up roller.Roller rolls the multi-layer planting frame is kept flat in greenhouse floor.
Described ventilating fan has two kinds of functions, when indoor humidity is higher, can opens ventilating fan and reduce indoor humidity; As indoor CO 2During excessive concentration, also can open ventilating fan to reduce indoor CO 2Concentration.
Described Keelof green house is steel frame construction.
The usefulness of utility model:
1) nontransparent plate replaces brick and tile, and its good heat insulating reduces the energy and runs off.
2) replace traditional chamber with steel frame construction, structural strength is higher, and profile is more attractive in appearance, and not limited by environmental factor, is convenient to mobile.
3) the crop genetics frame of stereoscopic multi-layer steel frame construction formula fully improves the cultivated area of crop, improves the plantation efficient in greenhouse.
4) light intensity controlling device, temperature control equipment, CO 2Concentration control apparatus and humidity conditioner are controlled respectively being subjected to light situation, temperature, containing CO in the greenhouse 2Amount and humidity realize the intellectuality control of greenhouse air environment, make the greenhouse air environment reach optimum.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is profile schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is control principle schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Among the figure: Keelof green house 1, front diaphragm 2, nontransparent plate 3, ventilating fan 4, transparent panel 5, upper shadow shield 6, whole Liftable device 7, plantation frame 8, door 9, planting pot 10, light intensity controlling device 11, humidity conditioner 12, temperature control equipment 13, CO 2Concentration control apparatus 14, the moving device 15 of upper gas/liquid, the moving device 16 of front gas/liquid.
Embodiment
In order more clearly to explain the utility model, be further described in conjunction with 1,2,3 pairs of the utility model of a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse accompanying drawing.
A kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse comprises the greenhouse that is comprised of Keelof green house, nontransparent plate, transparent panel, and Keelof green house is steel frame construction.It is characterized in that, be provided with light intensity controlling device, CO in the described greenhouse 2Concentration control apparatus, temperature control equipment, humidity conditioner, multi-layer planting device, ventilating fan are provided with the shadow shield that can close of opening that connects on the described Keelof green house outside the greenhouse, also be provided with the hanging apparatus that whole Liftable moves on the Keelof green house.
Described light intensity controlling device is comprised of light intensity sensor, controller, light control switch, light source, shadow shield, by light intensity sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller is passed to light control switch and shading control device with the signal of telecommunication, by light control switch control light source, by the opening degree of shading control device control shadow shield.
Described CO 2Concentration control apparatus is by CO 2Concentration sensor, controller, CO 2Gas circuit valve, CO 2Storage device forms, by CO 2Concentration sensor is passed to controller with the signal of telecommunication, controller control CO 2The switch of gas circuit valve is by CO 2Storage device provides CO 2Supply.
Described temperature control equipment is comprised of temperature sensor, controller, cooling and heating device, by temperature sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller control cooling and heating device, and in time give greenhouse temperature increasing or cooling.
Described humidity conditioner is comprised of humidity sensor, controller, strength atomizing humidifier, by humidity sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller control strength atomizing humidifier, and in time give the greenhouse humidification.
Described multi-layer planting equipment is comprised of multi-layer planting frame, planting pot, and the multi-layer planting frame is provided with three layers of rack at least, and planting pot places on the rack of multi-layer planting frame, and multi-layer planting has set up roller.Roller rolls the multi-layer planting frame is kept flat in greenhouse floor.
Described ventilating fan has two kinds of functions, when indoor humidity is higher, can opens ventilating fan and reduce indoor humidity; As indoor CO 2During excessive concentration, also can open ventilating fan to reduce indoor CO 2Concentration.
The utility model is realized the intellectuality control of greenhouse air environment by the use of various control device; Whole Liftable device is convenient to the movement in greenhouse, makes the greenhouse not be subjected to the restriction of environmental area.
Humidity sensor is passed to regulating switch with moisture signal, and humidity is little, and the strength atomizing humidifier is opened; High humidity, exhaust fan 4 work are discharged the greenhouse with unnecessary moisture.
CO 2Concentration detector is with CO 2Concentration signal is passed to regulating switch, CO 2Concentration is low, CO 2Storage device provides CO to the greenhouse 2CO 2Concentration is high, and exhaust fan 4 work are with unnecessary CO 2Discharge the greenhouse.
Temperature sensor is passed to controller with temperature signal, and temperature is low, and refrigeration heater heats up to the greenhouse; Temperature is high, and refrigeration heater is to greenhouse cooling.When if summer, sunlight caused indoor temperature too high strongly, can also be by the opening degree of shading controller control front diaphragm 2, upper shadow shield 6, intensity of illumination is to reduce temperature in the conditioning chamber.
Light intensity sensor is measured optical signal, if a little less than the daylight, preferentially regulates shadow shield 2,6 angle, and light intensity does not still satisfy the demands, and light source is opened; If daylight is strong, preferentially close light source, if illumination is still strong, can signal be passed to the moving device of gas/liquid by light intensity sensor, move the opening degree of the telescopic adjustment shadow shield of device by gas/liquid, thereby reach the purpose of the indoor light intensity regulating in greenhouse; Regulate light source by the light source regulating switch night.
Like this, by above-described various control device control, the air ambient in the greenhouse is controlled in real time, be conducive to the growth of chamber planting crop, improve plantation efficient.
The utility model has solved that existing planting greenhouse plantation efficient is low, greenhouse air environment conditioning ability, can't realize the intellectuality control in greenhouse and be subject to the problem such as environmental area impact, and rational in infrastructure, energy-saving and environmental protecting, and promotion prospect is good.

Claims (6)

1. a movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse comprises the greenhouse that is comprised of Keelof green house, nontransparent plate, transparent panel, it is characterized in that, is provided with light intensity controlling device, CO in the described greenhouse 2Concentration control apparatus, temperature control equipment, humidity conditioner, multi-layer planting device, ventilating fan are provided with the shadow shield that can close of opening that connects on the described Keelof green house outside the greenhouse, also be provided with the hanging apparatus that whole Liftable moves on the Keelof green house.
2. a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described light intensity controlling device is comprised of light intensity sensor, controller, light control switch, light source, shadow shield, by light intensity sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller is passed to light control switch and shading control device with the signal of telecommunication, by light control switch control light source, by the opening degree of shading control device control shadow shield.
3. a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse according to claim 1 is characterized in that described CO 2Concentration control apparatus is by CO 2Concentration sensor, controller, CO 2Gas circuit valve, CO 2Storage device forms, by CO 2Concentration sensor is passed to controller with the signal of telecommunication, controller control CO 2The switch of gas circuit valve is by CO 2Storage device provides CO 2Supply.
4. a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described temperature control equipment is comprised of temperature sensor, controller, cooling and heating device, by temperature sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller control cooling and heating device, and in time give greenhouse temperature increasing or cooling.
5. a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described humidity conditioner is comprised of humidity sensor, controller, strength atomizing humidifier, by humidity sensor the signal of telecommunication is passed to controller, controller control strength atomizing humidifier, and in time give the greenhouse humidification.
6. a kind of movable air environment auto-controlled multi-layer planting greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described multi-layer planting equipment is comprised of multi-layer planting frame, planting pot, the multi-layer planting frame is provided with three layers of rack at least, planting pot places on the rack of multi-layer planting frame, and multi-layer planting has set up roller.
CN2013203058289U 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling air environment automatically Expired - Fee Related CN203251726U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203058289U CN203251726U (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling air environment automatically

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013203058289U CN203251726U (en) 2013-05-30 2013-05-30 Mobile multilayer planting greenhouse capable of controlling air environment automatically

Publications (1)

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CN203251726U true CN203251726U (en) 2013-10-30

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020787A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-04 东莞市长原科技实业有限公司 Intelligent ecological type air purifier
CN107092288A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-08-25 冠生园(集团)有限公司 A kind of control system in plantation storehouse

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105020787A (en) * 2015-07-21 2015-11-04 东莞市长原科技实业有限公司 Intelligent ecological type air purifier
CN107092288A (en) * 2017-01-24 2017-08-25 冠生园(集团)有限公司 A kind of control system in plantation storehouse

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131030

Termination date: 20170530