CN203049907U - Precast slab and fixed installing structure thereof - Google Patents

Precast slab and fixed installing structure thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203049907U
CN203049907U CN 201320006588 CN201320006588U CN203049907U CN 203049907 U CN203049907 U CN 203049907U CN 201320006588 CN201320006588 CN 201320006588 CN 201320006588 U CN201320006588 U CN 201320006588U CN 203049907 U CN203049907 U CN 203049907U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
precast plate
square tube
plate
precast
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CN 201320006588
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建忠
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张建忠
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Priority to CN 201320006588 priority Critical patent/CN203049907U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a precast slab and a fixed installing structure of the precast slab. The precast slab comprises a light steel frame, a front board and a back board, wherein the light steel frame comprises a left edge frame, a right edge frame, an upper edge frame and a lower edge frame, which are in enclosing connection with one another to form a square frame, U-shaped notches of the left edge frame and the right edge frame are respectively arranged towards the left and the right, so that the precast slab can be in cutting connection with a structural element through the U-shaped notches, and installing holes for penetrating through a screw nail to fix the precast slab on the structural element are respectively arranged on a front connecting arm and a back connecting arm of the left edge frame and the right edge frame; and the front board and the back board are respectively taken as a front faceplate and a back faceplate of the light steel frame to be paved on the light steel frame, and the top surfaces and the bottom surfaces of the upper edge frame and the lower edge are exposed. The precast slab provided by the utility model is internally provided with the light steel frame, and the skeleton is externally provided with a light board according to the technique principle of 'skin effect', so that the precast slab is higher in performance appearance compared with single material; and the light steel skeleton arranged in the precast slab is naked around the precast slab, so that the precast slab is conveniently and effectively connected with a steel structure using the existing steel structure connection technology.

Description

A kind of precast plate and fixed installation structure thereof

Technical field

The utility model belongs to structure material, relates in particular to a kind of building precast plate and fixed installation structure thereof.

Background technology

So-called structure is by some members, namely forms the unit Ru Liang, plate, post of structure etc., plane or the three-dimensional system of the effect of bearing that connects and composes (or title load).Building structure can be divided into concrete structure, masonry structure, steel work, light section steel structure, wooden construction and combining structure etc. because of used constructional materials difference.But, only there is structure also can't allow building satisfy these the most basic requirements of can " becalming, take shelter from rain ", also need set up on the basis of structure and go along with sb. to guard him part, as body of wall, roof etc.

Steel house refers to the housing construction of steel as the building bearing beam column, its advantage such as: 1, in light weight, intensity is high; 2, security reliability, antidetonation, wind resistance are good; 3, steel structure member reduces the site work amount at produce in factory, shortens the construction period, meets industrialized requirement; 4, steel structure member is at produce in factory, has reliable in quality, size is accurate, easy for installation and the easy advantage that cooperates with associated components; 5, steel can reclaim, and environmental pollution is less when building and removing.

In the above advantage, " steel structure member is at produce in factory, reduces the site work amount, shortens the construction period, meets industrialized requirement " is the most advanced theory in the world at present, is that countries in the world are all in the suitability for industrialized production of the building products of pursuing.

For the requirement of active response architectural industrialization, go along with sb. to guard him part as the important part of steel house, adapt with the development of steel structure member, having only to need the on-the-spot characteristics that fit together with the steel structure member of putting up at produce in factory.

The utility model content

A requirement that purpose is the active response architectural industrialization of the present utility model, design feature at steel structure member, the precast plate at positions such as a kind of body of wall that can be applied to steel house easily and efficiently, roofing, flooring is provided, this precast plate can be at produce in factory, and only needing on-the-spot for example is that the structural element of steel work fits together formation and goes along with sb. to guard him part with what put up.

The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of precast plate, comprise light steel frame and before, back sheet material, described light steel frame comprises a left side that enclosing formation one square box that is connected together, left frame and last, lower frame, a described left side, the cross section of left frame is U-shaped, a described left side, the U-shaped notch of left frame is respectively towards a left side, the right setting, make precast plate can pass through a left side, the U-shaped notch on right side be used for fixedly the structural element of precast plate and peg graft a described left side, before the left frame, be provided with on the back linking arm for screw and penetrate precast plate to be fixed in the installing hole on the structural element; Described forward and backward sheet material is laid on the light steel frame as the front and back panels of light steel frame respectively, and expose end face and the bottom surface of described upper and lower frame.This forward and backward sheet material for example is to lay light weight boards such as glass magnesium plate, cement fibrolite plate, OSB plate, gypsum plank.

Wherein, described before sheet material left and right edge respectively with the vertical edges of the preceding linking arm of left and right frame along aliging, the left and right edge of described back sheet material respectively with the vertical edges of the back linking arm of left and right frame along aliging.

Wherein, described light steel frame also comprises the reinforcing rib that is connected in the light steel matter in the square box, and described forward and backward sheet material is fixed on the reinforcing rib.By reinforcing rib is set, can make the structure of light steel frame more firm on the one hand, can make the square box that exposes have enough Kong Weiyu structural element on the other hand and connect.

Wherein, described reinforcing rib has the forward and backward linking arm that is respectively applied to fixing forward and backward sheet material, be respectively arranged with forward and backward arm screwed hole on the forward and backward linking arm of described reinforcing rib, sheet material was fixed on the light steel frame by screw and cooperating of forearm screwed hole before described, and described back sheet material was fixed on the light steel frame by screw and cooperating of postbrachium screwed hole.

Wherein, described reinforcing rib is parallel to described left and right frame setting, described reinforcing rib comprises Z type reinforcing rib and the two U-shaped reinforcing ribs that all have forward and backward linking arm, two U-shaped reinforcing ribs arrange back-to-back with left and right frame respectively and are fixing, described Z type reinforcing rib is arranged between two U-shaped reinforcing ribs, and is connected with upper and lower frame respectively at two ends.

Wherein, be provided with in the described light steel frame for the passage that water, electric line are installed, entrance and the outlet of described passage expose.

Wherein, described passage has the connection wing, and the fixed block threaded engagement that described passage passes on the inner surface that connects the wing and be fixed in back sheet material by screw is connected.

Wherein, the hollow part between described light steel frame and forward and backward sheet material is filled with heat preserving and insulating material.Described heat preserving and insulating material for example is EPS, rock wool, glass silk flosssilk wadding, polyurethane foam etc.

Another purpose of the present utility model provides a kind of fixed installation structure of above-mentioned precast plate.

The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of fixed installation structure of precast plate, two above-mentioned precast plates respectively as the left and right side of the square tube of described structural element and square tube to inserting, the left side precast plate that is positioned at square tube left side passes the preceding linking arm of its front panel and left frame successively by screw installing hole matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube, reaches the installing hole that passes the back linking arm of its rear board and left frame successively by screw and matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and be fixed on the described square tube; The right side precast plate that is positioned at the square tube right side passes the preceding linking arm of its front panel and left frame successively by screw installing hole matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube, and the installing hole that passes the back linking arm of its rear board and left frame by screw successively matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube.

The 3rd purpose of the present utility model provides the fixed installation structure of another kind of above-mentioned precast plate.

The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: two precast plates respectively as the left and right side of the square tube of described structural element and square tube to inserting, the left side precast plate that is positioned at the square tube left side passes the left frame of the front panel of left side precast plate and left side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube; The right side precast plate that is positioned at the square tube right side passes the left frame of the front panel of right side precast plate and right side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube;

The arranged outside of the rear board of described left side, right side precast plate has fireproof decoration plate, and described fireproof decoration plate in the fixed installation structure at square tube place is: described fireproof decoration plate passes the left frame of the rear board of fireproof decoration plate self, left side precast plate and left side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of back linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube together with the left side precast plate; The installing hole of back linking arm that described fireproof decoration plate also passes the left frame of the rear board of fireproof decoration plate self, right side precast plate and right side precast plate successively by screw matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube together with the right side precast plate;

Described fireproof decoration plate in the fixed installation structure at other positions is: described fireproof decoration plate acts on the back sheet material that is fixed in left side, right side precast plate mutually by the back sheet material of screw with left side, right side precast plate.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: for keeping synchronous with the material of steel work, the built-in light steel frame of precast plate of the present utility model, utilize the know-why of " covering effect ", it for example is the light weight board of glass magnesium plate, cement fibrolite plate, OSB plate etc. that skeleton lays outward, give play to the performance performance stronger than homogenous material, realized the effect of 1+1>2; The inner light steel frame that arranges of precast plate, around precast plate, expose, therefore, precast plate of the present utility model utilizes existing steel work link technique, as bolt connection, welding, anchoring etc., can effectively connect with steel work easily, simultaneously, because the use of light steel frame, precast plate of the present utility model is convenient to carry out effectively, be connected easily with steel work, and passes through the mechanical property of sheet material self, and is stressed jointly with structure, by reasonable setting, can effectively replace auxiliary parts such as diagonal brace in the part steel work, pull bar.Precast plate of the present utility model makes it have insulation, heat insulation, the effect that insulates against sound by filling heat preserving and insulating material.

In addition, the modular dimension of precast plate of the present utility model can reduce cutting and wasting of sheet material like this according to the common width of common in the market sheet material.Precast plate of the present utility model can be realized streamline production, and the welding of light steel frame can be adopted robot welding, product quality homogeneous, stressed clear and definite, and the fixing of all light weight boards all is that screw is fixed, and is convenient to batch production production.

If the sheet material of precast plate external application self has water resistance, add construction measures such as waterproofing membrane, can satisfy the waterproof of building, moistureproof requirement.Like this, forward and backward sheet material and fireproof decoration plate that the precast plate surface is laid in light steel frame is wrapped in, play airtight effects such as fire prevention, waterproof.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 shows a kind of enforcement structure according to the light steel frame of precast plate described in the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the decomposing schematic representation of light steel frame shown in Figure 1;

Fig. 3 increases to be used for installing water, the passage of electric line and the structural representation of heat preserving and insulating material in light steel frame shown in Figure 1;

Fig. 4 shows a kind of enforcement structure according to precast plate described in the utility model;

Fig. 5 is the cross sectional representation of precast plate shown in Figure 4;

Fig. 6 is the partial cutaway schematic diagram of precast plate shown in Figure 4;

Fig. 7 shows the mounting structure of the passage of water, electric line;

Fig. 8 shows a kind of fixed installation mode of precast plate shown in Figure 4;

Fig. 9 is the cross sectional representation of first assembly formed according to fixed installation mode shown in Figure 7;

Figure 10 shows the fixed installation mode of first assembly shown in Figure 9 and fireproof decoration plate;

Figure 11 is the cross sectional representation of second assembly formed according to fixed installation mode shown in Figure 10;

Design sketch after Figure 12 shows polylith precast plate and fireproof decoration plate and is fixedly installed togather.

The specific embodiment

Shown in Fig. 1 to 7, precast plate of the present utility model comprises light steel frame 1(or is referred to as lightweight steel frame) and before, back sheet material 2a, 2b, this light steel frame 1 comprises a left side of enclosing (can enclose by the mode of welding and be connected together) formation one square box that is connected together, left frame 11a, 11b and last, lower frame 13a, 13b, a left side, left frame 11a, the cross section of 11b is U-shaped, namely left, left frame 11a, 11b is U-shaped steel, a left side, left frame 11a, the U-shaped notch of 11b is respectively towards a left side, the right setting, make precast plate A can pass through a left side, the U-shaped notch on right side be used for fixedly the structural element of precast plate (especially firm structural element) and peg graft a left side, left frame 11a, before the 11b, be provided with on the back linking arm (being two side arms that are oppositely arranged of U-shaped steel) for screw and penetrate precast plate A to be fixed in the installing hole on the structural element; Forward and backward sheet material 2a, 2b are laid on the light steel frame 1 as the front and back panels of light steel frame 1 respectively, and expose end face and the bottom surface of upper and lower frame 13a, 13b, in addition, because the U-shaped notch of left and right frame 11a, 11b also exposes, and makes whole light steel frame be convenient to effectively be connected with structural element by modes such as welding, riveted joint and bolt connections.Cooperate the use of light steel frame 1, this forward and backward sheet material 2a, 2b for example are light weight boards such as glass magnesium plate, cement fibrolite plate, OSB plate, gypsum plank.

Above light steel frame and light weight board adopt the definition of " light section steel structure dwelling house tecnical regulations ", and namely light steel frame refers to pure framework or the frame support structure system that, high-frequency welding H shaped steel hot rolled H-shaped by small bore, common welded H type or the shaped steel of profiled-cross-section, side's (square, circle) shape steel pipe cold rolling or hot-roll forming are formed; Light weight board refers to respect to traditional construction material (as steel concrete), the material of its dry density above (comprising half as large) half as large.

Before above-mentioned the left and right edge of sheet material 2a can be respectively with the vertical edges of the preceding linking arm of left and right frame 11a, 11b along aliging, the left and right edge of back sheet material 2b can be respectively aligns with the vertical edges edge of the back linking arm of left and right frame.At this, forward and backward sheet material 2a, 2b also can be with respect to left and right frame 11a, 11b is overhanging or indentation.

This light steel frame 1 also comprises the reinforcing rib 14 that is connected in the light steel matter in the square box, and forward and backward sheet material 2a, 2b can be fixed on the reinforcing rib.This reinforcing rib 14 can have the forward and backward linking arm that is respectively applied to fixing forward and backward sheet material 2a, 2b, be respectively arranged with forward and backward arm screwed hole on the forward and backward linking arm of reinforcing rib 14, sheet material 2a can be fixed on the light steel frame 1 by screw and cooperating of forearm screwed hole before making, and back sheet material 2b can be fixed on the light steel frame 1 by screw and cooperating of postbrachium screwed hole.

For the ease of fixing reinforcing rib, and make precast plate have simpler structure, this reinforcing rib 14 can be parallel to a left side, left frame 11a, 11b arranges, and reinforcing rib 14 can comprise all have before, the Z type reinforcing rib of back linking arm and two U-shaped reinforcing ribs, two U-shaped reinforcing ribs respectively with a left side, left frame 11a, 11b arranges back-to-back and fixes and (for example is fixed in a left side by the mode of welding, left frame 11a, on the 11b), Z type reinforcing rib can be arranged between two U-shaped reinforcing ribs equably, and two ends respectively with on, lower frame 13a, 13b is connected by the mode of welding.

Shown in Fig. 3,6 and 7, can be provided with for the passage 4 that water, electric line are installed in this light steel frame 1, entrance and the outlet of passage 4 expose, and like this, then need not to destroy body of wall at the construction field (site) hydroelectric line can be installed.The mounting structure of pipeline 4 can have the wing 42 of connection for: this passage 4, and passage 4 passes by screw and connects the through hole that arranges on the wing 42 and be connected with fixed block 41 threaded engagement on the inner surface that is fixed in back sheet material 2b.

In order to make precast plate of the present utility model have the effect of insulation, heat insulation and sound insulation, hollow part between this light steel frame 1 and forward and backward sheet material 2a, 2b can be filled with heat preserving and insulating material 3, and this heat preserving and insulating material 3 for example is EPS, rock wool, glass silk flosssilk wadding, polyurethane foam etc.For the embodiment that is provided with reinforcing rib, this hollow part is for passing through separated each space, space of reinforcing rib.

Above-mentioned upper and lower frame 13a, 13b can be the square steel of hollow, and namely cross section is square lightweight steel.

Shown in Fig. 8 and 9, the fixed installation structure of above-mentioned precast plate can for: two above-mentioned precast plate A respectively on the left side as the square tube B of structural element, right side and square tube B are to inserting, the left side precast plate that is positioned at square tube B left side passes the left frame 11b of the front panel 2a of left side precast plate and left side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube B, and the installing hole of the back linking arm of the left frame 11b of the rear board 2b of precast plate and left side precast plate matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube B and is fixed on the described square tube B on the left of passing successively by screw; The right side precast plate that is positioned at square tube B right side passes the left frame 11a of the front panel 2a of right side precast plate and right side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube B, and the installing hole of back linking arm that passes the left frame 11a of the rear board 2b of right side precast plate and right side precast plate by screw successively matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube B and is fixed on the described square tube.

In order to reduce the workload of decorating inner and external walls operation, can lay fireproof decoration plate 5 for precast plate A, shown in Figure 10 and 11, arranged outside with the rear board 2b of upper left side, right side precast plate has fireproof decoration plate 5, and fireproof decoration plate 5 can match with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube B and is fixed on the square tube B together with left side precast plate A in the fixed installation structure at square tube B place for: fireproof decoration plate 5 is passing on left the installing hole of back linking arm that screw passes the left frame 11b of the rear board 2b of fireproof decoration plate itself, left side precast plate A and left side precast plate successively; Fireproof decoration plate 5 passes the left frame 11a of the rear board 2b of fireproof decoration plate itself, right side precast plate A and right side precast plate successively by screw on the right side the installing hole of back linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube B and is fixed on the square tube B together with right side precast plate A.Fireproof decoration plate 5 in the fixed installation structure of other positions is: fireproof decoration plate 5 acts on the back sheet material 2b that is fixed in left side, right side precast plate mutually by the back sheet material 2b of screw with left side, right side precast plate.For the fixed installation structure of laying fireproof decoration plate 5, left side, right side precast plate A are identical with fixed installation structure and the aforesaid way of square tube B in the front side.

Above fireproof decoration plate 5 can be selected incombustible materials such as ALC, cement fibrolite plate for use, to improve fire resistance property.

Polylith precast plate A and fireproof decoration plate 5 are according to upper type by the structure after the square steel B assembly unit and effect as shown in figure 12.

As shown in Figure 1; the above only is the utility model preferred implementation; be not to limit practical range of the present utility model, the equivalence of doing in protection domain of the present utility model changes and modifies in every case, all should think to have fallen in the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. precast plate, it is characterized in that: comprise light steel frame and forward and backward sheet material, described light steel frame comprises the left and right frame and the upper and lower frame that enclosing formation one square box that is connected together, the cross section of described left and right frame is U-shaped, the U-shaped notch of described left and right frame is provided with on the forward and backward linking arm of described left and right frame for screw and penetrates precast plate to be fixed in the installing hole on the structural element respectively towards left and right setting; Described forward and backward sheet material is laid on the light steel frame as the front and back panels of light steel frame respectively, and expose end face and the bottom surface of described upper and lower frame.
2. precast plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: before described the left and right edge of sheet material respectively with the vertical edges of the preceding linking arm of left and right frame along aliging, the left and right edge of described back sheet material respectively with the vertical edges of the back linking arm of left and right frame along aliging.
3. precast plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described light steel frame also comprises the reinforcing rib that is connected in the light steel matter in the square box, and described forward and backward sheet material is fixed on the reinforcing rib.
4. precast plate according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described reinforcing rib has the forward and backward linking arm that is respectively applied to fixing forward and backward sheet material, be respectively arranged with forward and backward arm screwed hole on the forward and backward linking arm of described reinforcing rib, sheet material was fixed on the light steel frame by screw and cooperating of forearm screwed hole before described, and described back sheet material was fixed on the light steel frame by screw and cooperating of postbrachium screwed hole.
5. precast plate according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described reinforcing rib is parallel to described left and right frame setting, described reinforcing rib comprises Z type reinforcing rib and the two U-shaped reinforcing ribs that all have forward and backward linking arm, two U-shaped reinforcing ribs arrange back-to-back with left and right frame respectively and are fixing, described Z type reinforcing rib is arranged between two U-shaped reinforcing ribs, and is connected with upper and lower frame respectively at two ends.
6. precast plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with in the described light steel frame for the passage that water, electric line are installed, entrance and the outlet of described passage expose.
7. precast plate according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described passage has the connection wing, and described passage passes by screw and connects the wing and be connected with fixed block threaded engagement on the inner surface that is fixed in back sheet material.
8. according to each described precast plate in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that: the hollow part between described light steel frame and forward and backward sheet material is filled with heat preserving and insulating material.
9. according to the fixed installation structure of each described precast plate in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that: two precast plates are respectively on the left side as the square tube of described structural element, right side and square tube are to inserting, the left side precast plate that is positioned at square tube left side passes the left frame of the front panel of left side precast plate and left side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube, and the installing hole of the back linking arm of the left frame of the rear board of precast plate and left side precast plate matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube on the left of passing successively by screw; The right side precast plate that is positioned at the square tube right side passes the left frame of the front panel of right side precast plate and right side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube, and the installing hole of back linking arm that passes the left frame of the rear board of right side precast plate and right side precast plate by screw successively matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube.
10. according to the fixed installation structure of each described precast plate in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that: two precast plates respectively as the left and right side of the square tube of described structural element and square tube to inserting, the left side precast plate that is positioned at the square tube left side passes the left frame of the front panel of left side precast plate and left side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube; The right side precast plate that is positioned at the square tube right side passes the left frame of the front panel of right side precast plate and right side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of preceding linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube;
The arranged outside of the rear board of described left side, right side precast plate has fireproof decoration plate, and described fireproof decoration plate in the fixed installation structure at square tube place is: described fireproof decoration plate passes the left frame of the rear board of fireproof decoration plate self, left side precast plate and left side precast plate successively by screw the installing hole of back linking arm matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube together with the left side precast plate; The installing hole of back linking arm that described fireproof decoration plate also passes the left frame of the rear board of fireproof decoration plate self, right side precast plate and right side precast plate successively by screw matches with corresponding screwed hole on the square tube and is fixed on the described square tube together with the right side precast plate;
Described fireproof decoration plate in the fixed installation structure at other positions is: described fireproof decoration plate acts on the back sheet material that is fixed in left side, right side precast plate mutually by the back sheet material of screw with left side, right side precast plate.
CN 201320006588 2013-01-07 2013-01-07 Precast slab and fixed installing structure thereof CN203049907U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320006588 CN203049907U (en) 2013-01-07 2013-01-07 Precast slab and fixed installing structure thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320006588 CN203049907U (en) 2013-01-07 2013-01-07 Precast slab and fixed installing structure thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203049907U true CN203049907U (en) 2013-07-10

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CN 201320006588 CN203049907U (en) 2013-01-07 2013-01-07 Precast slab and fixed installing structure thereof

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014106367A1 (en) * 2013-01-07 2014-07-10 Zhang Jianzhong Precast slab and fixed mounting structure thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014106367A1 (en) * 2013-01-07 2014-07-10 Zhang Jianzhong Precast slab and fixed mounting structure thereof

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Decision date of declaring invalidation: 20150313

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Granted publication date: 20130710