CN106638963B - A kind of fast assembled integrated house and its method of construction - Google Patents

A kind of fast assembled integrated house and its method of construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106638963B
CN106638963B CN201710050624.8A CN201710050624A CN106638963B CN 106638963 B CN106638963 B CN 106638963B CN 201710050624 A CN201710050624 A CN 201710050624A CN 106638963 B CN106638963 B CN 106638963B
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China
Prior art keywords
wallboard
tenon
frame
slot
plate
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CN201710050624.8A
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CN106638963A (en
Inventor
张滋龙
李岷
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Dingzhou Aoda Steel Structure Technology Co Ltd
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Dingzhou Aoda Steel Structure Technology Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6125Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with protrusions on the one frontal surface co-operating with recesses in the other frontal surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2481Details of wall panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2484Details of floor panels or slabs

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of fast assembled integrated house and its methods of construction, the structure in the house includes main body frame and the wallboard being arranged on main body frame, floor and roof, main body frame includes several columns and several horizontal hack levers connecting with uprights vertical, and horizontal hack lever and column are made by building H profile steel;Wallboard is spliced by several building composite boards;Floor includes grid framework, the soft wire netting being laid on grid framework, the glass fiber being laid on wire netting volume cotton and the fireproof floorboard being laid on volume cotton;Roof includes the bearing plate being arranged in braced frame at the top of main body frame, setting on the support frame and the waterproof layer being arranged on bearing plate.The quick construction of multi-storey building or villa can be achieved in the present invention, and construction speed is fast, and building waste is few, environmental protection and energy saving;And the house overall weight built is light, basis is relatively small, and heat preservation and soundproof performance is good, and bonding strength is high, fits up convenient for extraneous adornment.

Description

A kind of fast assembled integrated house and its method of construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of assembling type steel structure house, specifically a kind of fast assembled integrated house and its build Make method.
Background technique
Assembling type steel structure house refer to according to unified, standard building subassembly specification by steel member be made house unit or Then component is transported to construction site assembly in place and the house of production.Compared with traditional building structure, assembling type steel structure room Room has as follows a little: 1) space layout is flexibly, integration degree is high;2) superior from heavy and light, bearing capacity height, anti-seismic performance;3) Green, environmental protection, energy conservation, will not generate a large amount of waste entrainment environment in building course;4) construction period is short, product quality is high; 5) industrialization and industrialization that building construction can be achieved, realize Integration ofTechnology, improve the scientific and technological content in house and use function; 6) overall economic efficiency is high.But existing assembling type steel structure house is often suitable only for building relatively small one storey house, People are not appropriate for hang up one's hat, and structure also tend to it is sufficiently complex, production get up process it is also relatively complicated, it is time-consuming and laborious.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of fast assembled integrated house, to solve existing assembling type steel structure The problem that building structure is complicated, production process is cumbersome.
The second object of the present invention is just to provide a kind of method of construction of fast assembled integrated house, to optimize steel construction The building technology in house improves heat-insulated, the thermal insulation property of steel house, and the suitable people built truly occupy for a long time House firmly.
An object of the present invention is achieved in that a kind of fast assembled integrated house, including main body frame and Wallboard, floor and roof on main body frame are set;
The main body frame includes several columns and several horizontal hack levers connecting with uprights vertical, the horizontal hack lever and Column is made by building H profile steel, and the building H profile steel includes two blocks of side plates being parallel to each other and is connected to two blocks of side plates Intermediate connecting plate, the side plate setting parallel to the ground of the horizontal hack lever, the notch for the column being connect with same level hack lever Relatively, its axial direction is provided with the first tenon part in the bottom surface of horizontal hack lever, its axial direction is provided in the top surface of horizontal hack lever Two tenon parts;
The wallboard is spliced by several building composite boards, and the building composite board is filled out in the cavity of rectangular housing Filled with insulating layer, through slot is offered respectively in the top end face and bottom face of the shell, is opened in a side of the shell Equipped with groove, another side of the shell is provided with the fin mating with the groove;Several building composite boards Successively docking forms the wallboard, is respectively equipped with grid cloth anticracking grout layer in the inside plate face and outside plate face of wallboard, respectively The through slot of building composite board top end face is connected to form the top surface through slot of wallboard, the top surface through slot and the first tenon part card Connect cooperation, the through slot of each building composite board bottom face is connected to form the bottom surface through slot of wallboard, the bottom surface through slot with it is described Second tenon part is engaged by clamping, and the side end face of wallboard is plugged in the notch of column;
The floor includes grid framework, the soft wire netting being laid on grid framework, the glass being laid on wire netting Glass silk volume cotton and the fireproof floorboard being laid on volume cotton;The grid framework is set between the horizontal hack lever of the main body frame Several secondary beams are equipped with, several auxiliary beams are provided between the secondary beam;
The roof includes that braced frame at the top of the main body frame, the bearing plate of setting on the support frame is arranged in With the waterproof layer being arranged on bearing plate.
The seam crossing of adjacent two pieces of building composite boards is provided with grid cloth, and is filled with anticracking grout, on the top of wallboard The seam crossing of face through slot and the first tenon part, the seam crossing of the bottom surface through slot of wallboard and the second tenon part, the side end face of wallboard and third The seam crossing of tenon part is wiped with anticracking grout respectively.
Third tenon part is provided in the plate face of the connecting plate of column, the third tenon part includes and the building composite board The mating tenon part one of fin and the tenon part mating with the groove on the building composite board side end face on side end face Two.
It is attached with rust preventive coating on the main body frame, is attached with zinc coat on the grid framework of the floor.
Partition plate is provided in every layer of house, the side end face of the partition plate is connected to described by the 4th tenon part On the interior plate of column.
House overall weight of the invention is light, and basis is relatively small, and structure is firm, and good heat preservation performance, intensity is big, and carrying force is strong, It is assembled easy, convenient for assembly, the technical level of construction personnel is required it is low, can live quick assembling construction, have extensive suitable Ying Xing.House comfort level of the invention is high, and suitable people hang up one's hat.
The second object of the present invention is to what is be achieved: a kind of method of construction of fast assembled integrated house, including with Lower step:
A, it does ground: making strip footing on the ground, and pre-buried iron plate buries body, then in the upper surface on ready-made basis Ground joist is installed, and ground joist is fixed on the upper surface on basis using expansion bolt;
B, main body frame is built: building H profile steel being cut into horizontal hack lever and column, the bottom end of column is welded on pre- The iron plate buried is buried on body, keeps the notch for the column being located on the same line opposite, then horizontal hack lever is connected to adjacent Between column, make the side plate and ground keeping parallelism of horizontal hack lever, the end of horizontal hack lever is connected with column by spot welding;In water The second tenon part is axially set along it on the top surface of flatrack bar;
C, the production and installation of wallboard: wallboard is spliced by several building composite boards, and building composite board is in rectangle It is filled with insulating layer in the cavity of shell, through slot is offered respectively in the top end face and bottom face of shell, at one of shell Side opens up fluted, another side of shell is provided with the fin mating with groove;Several building composite boards according to Secondary docking forms the wallboard, and the through slot of each building composite board top end face is connected to form the top surface through slot of wallboard, each to build The through slot of composite plate bottom face is connected to form the bottom surface through slot of wallboard, and the bottom surface through slot is matched with the second tenon part clamping It closes, is equipped with grid cloth in the seam crossing of each building composite board, and fill crack resist at mortar;In the monolith plane wallboard spliced Grid cloth crack resist at mortar layer is made in inside plate face and outside plate face respectively;
When first layer wallboard is installed, first it is inserted into the first tenon part in the top surface through slot of wallboard, then by the bottom surface through slot of wallboard It is directed at ground joist, the side end face of wallboard is inserted into the notch of column, and between ground joist and the bottom surface through slot of wallboard, wallboard Side end face and column between and the top surface through slot and the first tenon part of wallboard between fill anticracking grout respectively, then by first Tenon part is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of horizontal hack lever;The bottom surface through slot of two layers and two layers or more of wallboard and the level frame of main body frame The second tenon part on bar is mating;
D, the installation of floor: secondary beam is installed between the medial surface of the horizontal hack lever of main body frame, then is pacified between secondary beam Auxiliary beam is filled, grid framework is constituted;It is laid with one layer of soft wire netting in the top of grid framework, then is laid with one layer of list on wire netting Face aluminium foil flame resistant glass silk rolls up cotton, then in volume two layers of cotton upper berth fireproof floorboard, and uses self-drilling screw by fireproof floorboard and net Case frame is fixedly connected;
E, the installation on roof: braced frame is installed at the top of main body frame, bearing plate is installed on the support frame, is being held Weight plate upper berth is set up defences water layer, installs keel frame in the lower section of braced frame, ceiling board and insulating layer are installed on keel frame, Solar energy photovoltaic generator is installed on roofing;
F, the decoration of wall: water proof putty layer is coated in the inside grid cloth anticracking grout layer of wallboard, in water proof putty Emulsioni paint layer is sprayed on layer, or inner cavity Decorative hanging board is installed in the grid cloth anticracking grout layer of inside;In the outside net of wallboard Exterior wall cladding or spraying lacquer are installed on lattice cloth screed.
Electricity floor heating, power supply and the solar energy photovoltaic generator electricity of the electricity floor heating are made on each floor plate in house Connection.
Third tenon part is welded in the plate face of the connecting plate of column, the side end face of wallboard is inserted into the notch of column, and Keep the side end face of wallboard and third tenon part mating.
Partition plate is provided in every layer of house, the side end face of the partition plate is connected to described by the 4th tenon part On the interior plate of column.
Method of construction of the invention can realize the quick construction of multi-storey building or villa, and this method construction speed is fast, building Rubbish is few, environmental protection and energy saving;And the house overall weight built is light, basis is relatively small, and heat preservation and soundproof performance is good, bonding strength Height is fitted up convenient for extraneous adornment.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of wallboard.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of floor.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of wallboard Yu column junction.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of wallboard Yu horizontal hack lever junction.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of bottom wallboard Yu ground junction.
In figure: 1, basic, 2, floor, 3, wallboard, 4, horizontal hack lever, 5, column, the 6, first tenon part, the 7, second tenon part, 8, Third tenon part, the 9, the 4th tenon part, 10, shell, 11, insulating layer, 12, fin, 13, groove, 14, top surface through slot, 15, bottom surface it is logical Slot, 16, grid framework, 17, wire netting, 18, volume cotton, 19, fireproof floorboard, 20, roof, 21, ground joist, 22, grid cloth anticracking Screed, 23, side plate, 24, connecting plate.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, house of the invention is mainly made of the part such as main body frame, floor 2, wallboard 3, roof 20.
Main body frame is the house space frame structure assembled by several hack levers by the modes such as welding and bolting, is used In other parts such as carrying floor 2, wallboard 3, roofs 20.Hack lever used is all made of building H-type and has just made molding, such as institute in Fig. 5 Show, building H profile steel is the structural section that cross section is H-type, including two blocks of side plates 23 being oppositely arranged and is connected to two blocks of side plates Folded space average between two blocks of side plates 23 is separated into two parts, forms two slots by the connecting plate 24 among 23, connecting plate 24 Body, for being connect with the side end face of wallboard 3.
Main body frame includes column 5 and the horizontal hack lever 4 of the several layers being connected between column 5, and column 5 is upper with basis 1 Surface is vertical, and bottom end is fixedly connected on basis 1;Horizontal hack lever 4 is connected between column 5, the plate face and ground of side plate 23 Face keeping parallelism is axially provided with the first tenon part 6 along hack lever in the bottom surface of every layer of horizontal hack lever 4, for the top end face with wallboard 3 Connection, is axially provided with the second tenon part 7 along hack lever in the top surface of every layer of horizontal hack lever 4, for connecting with the bottom face of wallboard 3; It is opposite with the notch of column 5 that same level hack lever 4 connects, to improve bonding strength, in the both side plate of the connecting plate 24 of column 5 The third tenon part 8 with the side end face connection of wallboard 3 is respectively welded on face.
Building square steel production molding can also be used in main body frame of the invention.
As shown in Fig. 2, wallboard 3 is spliced by several building composite boards, building composite board includes 10 He of rectangular housing Insulating layer 11, rectangular housing 10 are poured by cement, have a rectangular enclosure, and insulating layer 11 is filled in the rectangular enclosure It is interior.Insulating layer 11 is the light-weight, good heat preservation performance as made of the casting of the mixture of foamed cement and granular polystyrene, and is had Certain intensity.Through slot is offered respectively on the top end face and bottom face of shell 10, for the level frame with main body frame Bar 4 connects.Fluted 13 are opened up on a side of shell 10, is provided on another side of shell 10 and groove 13 Mating fin 12, for the splicing with adjacent building composite plate.The structure of the building composite board is simple, easily prepared, It is low in cost, it can industrialized production.
Several pieces of building composite boards are assembled into the flat of monolith with the mating of groove 13 by the fin 12 on shell 10 Facing-wall board, the through slot on each building composite board top end face are connected to form the top surface through slot 14 of wallboard 3, each building composite board bottom Through slot on end face is connected to form the bottom surface through slot 15 of wallboard 3, and the edge joint position between each building composite board is equipped with net Ge Bu is simultaneously wiped with anticracking grout, and is respectively equipped with grid in the inside plate face and outside plate face of assembled good monolith plane wallboard Cloth anticracking screed 22.
It is coated with water proof putty layer in the inside grid cloth anticracking grout layer of wallboard 3, cream is sprayed on water proof putty layer Shellac varnish layer, or inner wall decoration hanging plate is installed in the grid cloth anticracking grout layer of inside, to realize the dress to house inside metope Decorations.Exterior wall cladding or spraying lacquer are installed in the outside grid cloth anticracking grout layer of wallboard 3, to realize the outside to house The decoration of metope.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, the top end face of wallboard 3 passes through under the side plate 23 of the first tenon part 6 and upper layer level frame bar 4 Plate face is connected, and the first tenon part 6 is the connector mating with top surface through slot 14, including positioning plate and grafting rib, and grafting rib is inserted It is located in top surface through slot 14, positioning plate is welded on the side plate 23 of horizontal hack lever 4.The bottom face of wallboard 3 by the second tenon part 7 with The upper face of the side plate 23 of lower layer's level frame bar 4 is connected, and the second tenon part 7 is identical as the structure of the first tenon part 6, and so it will not be repeated.
As shown in figure 4, two side end faces of wallboard 3 are plugged in the groove body of column 5, and pass through third tenon part 8 and column 5 It is fixedly connected, third tenon part 8 is and the groove 13 or the mating connector of fin 12 on the side end face of wallboard 3, structure There are two types of, one is the mating tenon part one in side for being equipped with fin with building composite board, it is another in be and building composite board If the mating tenon part two in reeded side, both structures are similar with the structure of the first tenon part, repeat no more.It is above each Seam crossing is equipped with grid cloth, and is filled with anticracking grout.
It should be pointed out that the wallboard 3 for being mounted on the bottom passes through its bottom through slot and the ground being arranged on foundation ground The mating realization of keel 21 and being fixedly connected for ground, as shown in fig. 6, in the bottom through slot and ground joist of this layer of wallboard 3 Anticracking grout is filled between 21.
The partition plate that is internally provided in every layer of house, the side end face of partition plate are connected to vertical by the 4th tenon part 9 On the side plate of column 3 being located on the inside of house.
As shown in figure 3, floor 2 is the interlayer floor being laid between each layer in house, including grid framework 16, it is laid on net Soft wire netting 17, the glass fiber volume cotton 18 being laid on wire netting 17 on case frame 16 and the fire prevention being laid on volume cotton 18 Floor 19.Grid framework 16 is that several secondary beams are arranged between every layer of horizontal hack lever 4 of main frame, and the end of secondary beam is connected to water The medial surface of flatrack bar 4 is parallel to each other between each secondary beam;Several auxiliary beams are set between secondary beam, auxiliary beam is mutually perpendicular to secondary beam, Latticed empty frames frame is formed, for bearing the weight from floor ground, furniture and personnel.Wire netting 17 is soft metal Net is laid on above grid framework 16, as the laying basis 1 of volume cotton 18, to carry volume cotton 18.Rolling up cotton 18 is 50mm thick Single side aluminium foil (fire prevention) glass silk flosssilk wadding, by fireproof floorboard 19 be laid on volume cotton 18 on, the weight of fireproof floorboard 19 can will roll up cotton 18 partial compactions contacted with the beam column of grid framework 16 are rolled up cotton 18 and are not contacted with the beam column of grid framework 16 to 5mm or so Part be still soft fluffy state, to improve the heat insulation and preservation effect between its soundproof effect and floor.
Electricity floor heating is installed in the top surface of floor 2, for heat supply inside room.
Roof 20 includes braced frame, bearing plate and waterproof layer, and braced frame is mounted on the top of main body frame, bearing plate On the support frame, waterproof layer is laid on bearing plate, can be with asphalt watt on waterproof layer for installation.Under braced frame Side is horizontally installed with keel frame, for installing interior trim furred ceiling layer and roofing insulation.
Solar energy photovoltaic generator is installed on roof 20, for the self-sufficient of electric power energy, energy conservation and environmental protection.
It is attached with rust preventive coating on main body frame, is attached with zinc coat on the grid framework 16 of floor 2, to improve two The corrosion resistance of person, to extend the service life in house.
Embodiment 2:
The method of construction in house of the present invention the following steps are included:
A, ground: strip footing 1 is made on the ground, and pre-buried iron plate buries body, then in ready-made basic 1 upper surface Ground joist 21 is installed, and ground joist 21 is fixed on the upper surface on basis 1 using expansion bolt.Ground may be alternatively configured independence Basis.
B, main body frame is built: building H profile steel being cut into horizontal hack lever 4 and column 5, the bottom end of column 5 is welded It is buried on body in pre-buried good iron plate, keeps the notch for the column 5 being located on the same line opposite, then horizontal hack lever 4 is connected to Between adjacent column 5, make the side plate 23 and ground keeping parallelism of horizontal hack lever 4, the end of horizontal hack lever 4 is welded on column 5 On;The second tenon part 7 is axially set along it on the top surface of horizontal hack lever 4.
C, the production and installation of wallboard: wallboard 3 is spliced by several building composite boards, and building composite board is in rectangle It is filled with insulating layer 11 in the cavity of shell 10, through slot is offered respectively in the top end face and bottom face of shell 10, in shell 10 side opens up fluted 13, and the fin 12 mating with groove 13 is provided in another side of shell 10; Several building composite boards, which successively dock, forms the wallboard 3, and the through slot of each building composite board top end face is connected to form wallboard 3 Top surface through slot 14, the through slot of each building composite board bottom face is connected to form the bottom surface through slot 15 of wallboard 3, and the bottom surface is logical Slot 15 and the second tenon part 7 are engaged by clamping, and are equipped with grid cloth in each seam crossing, and be filled with crack resist at mortar;Splicing Monolith plane wallboard inside and outside make grid cloth crack resist at mortar layer 22 respectively in plate face.
When first layer wallboard 3 is installed, first it is inserted into the first tenon part 6 in the top surface through slot 14 of wallboard 3, then by the bottom of wallboard 3 Face through slot 15 is directed at ground joist 21, the side end face of wallboard 3 is inserted into the notch of column 5, and at the bottom of ground joist 21 and wallboard 3 Between face through slot 15, between the side end face of wallboard 3 and column 5 and between the top surface through slot 14 of wallboard 3 and the first tenon part 6 respectively Anticracking grout is filled, is then fixedly connected with the positioning plate of the first tenon part 6 with the bottom surface of horizontal hack lever 4;Two layers and two layers or more The bottom surface through slot 15 of wallboard 3 and the second tenon part 7 on the horizontal hack lever 4 of main body frame it is mating.
D, the installation of floor: secondary beam is installed between the medial surface of the horizontal hack lever 4 of main body frame, then is pacified between secondary beam Auxiliary beam is filled, grid framework 16 is constituted;It is laid with one layer of soft wire netting 17 in the top of grid framework 16, then on 17 upper berth of wire netting If one layer of volume cotton 18, volume cotton 18 is single side aluminium foil (fire prevention) glass silk flosssilk wadding of 50mm thickness, and fireproof floorboard 19 is laid on volume cotton 18 On, and be fixedly connected with fireproof floorboard 19 with grid framework 16 using self-drilling screw, the weight of fireproof floorboard 19 can will roll up cotton 18 The partial compaction contacted with the beam column of grid framework 16 rolls up what cotton 18 did not contacted with the beam column of grid framework 16 to 5mm or so Part is still soft fluffy state;Electric heater is made on floor.
E, the installation on roof 20: installing braced frame at the top of main body frame, install bearing plate on the support frame, Bearing plate upper berth is set up defences water layer, installs keel frame in the lower section of braced frame, ceiling board and roof are installed on keel frame Insulating layer installs solar energy photovoltaic generator on roofing, to power for electric heater etc..
F, the decoration of wall: water proof putty layer is coated in the inside grid cloth anticracking grout layer of wallboard 3, in water proof putty Emulsioni paint layer is sprayed on layer, or inner cavity Decorative hanging board is installed in the grid cloth anticracking grout layer of inside;In the outside net of wallboard 3 Exterior wall cladding or spraying lacquer are installed on lattice cloth screed.
It, can be in the connecting plate of column in order to improve bonding strength or when the width of rebate of H profile steel is greater than wallboard thickness Third tenon part 8 is welded in 24 two sides plate face, third tenon part 8 is the connector mating with the side end face of wallboard, structure There are two types of, one is the mating tenon part one in side for being equipped with fin with building composite board, it is another in be and building composite board If the mating tenon part two in reeded side, both structures are similar with the structure of the first tenon part.
Partition plate is set in the inside in every layer of house, the side end face of partition plate is connected to column by the 4th tenon part On, the structure of the 4th tenon part is identical as the structure of third tenon part, is also classified into two kinds.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of fast assembled integrated house, including main body frame and the wallboard being arranged on main body frame, floor and room Top, characterized in that
The main body frame includes several columns and several horizontal hack levers connecting with uprights vertical, the horizontal hack lever and column It is made by building H profile steel, the building H profile steel includes two blocks of side plates being parallel to each other and is connected among two blocks of side plates Connecting plate, the side plate setting parallel to the ground of the horizontal hack lever, with same level hack lever connection the notch of column it is opposite, Its axial direction is provided with the first tenon part in the bottom surface of horizontal hack lever, its axial direction is provided with the second tenon in the top surface of horizontal hack lever Part;
The wallboard is spliced by several building composite boards, and the building composite board is filled in the cavity of rectangular housing Insulating layer offers through slot in the top end face and bottom face of the shell respectively, offers in a side of the shell Groove is provided with the fin mating with the groove in another side of the shell;Several building composite boards are successively Docking forms the wallboard, is respectively equipped with grid cloth anticracking grout layer in the inside plate face and outside plate face of wallboard, each to build The through slot of composite plate top end face is connected to form the top surface through slot of wallboard, and the top surface through slot is matched with the first tenon part clamping It closes, the through slot of each building composite board bottom face is connected to form the bottom surface through slot of wallboard, the bottom surface through slot and described second Tenon part is engaged by clamping, and the side end face of wallboard is plugged in the notch of column;
The floor includes grid framework, the soft wire netting being laid on grid framework, the glass fiber being laid on wire netting Volume cotton and the fireproof floorboard being laid on volume cotton;The grid framework is provided between the horizontal hack lever of the main body frame Several secondary beams are provided with several auxiliary beams between the secondary beam;
The roof includes the bearing plate being arranged in braced frame at the top of the main body frame, setting on the support frame and sets Set the waterproof layer on bearing plate.
2. fast assembled integrated house according to claim 1, characterized in that in connecing for adjacent two pieces of building composite boards It is provided with grid cloth at seam, and is filled with anticracking grout, at the bottom of the top surface through slot and the seam crossing of the first tenon part of wallboard, wallboard The seam crossing of face through slot and the second tenon part is wiped with anticracking grout respectively.
3. fast assembled integrated house according to claim 1, characterized in that set in the plate face of the connecting plate of column Be equipped with third tenon part, the third tenon part include the tenon part one mating with the fin on the building composite board side end face and The mating tenon part two with the groove on the building composite board side end face, in the side end face of wallboard and the seam of third tenon part Place is wiped with anticracking grout.
4. fast assembled integrated house according to claim 1, characterized in that be attached on the main body frame anti- Become rusty paint layer, is attached with zinc coat on the grid framework of the floor.
5. fast assembled integrated house according to claim 1, characterized in that be provided with division wall in every layer of house The side end face of plate, the partition plate is connected on the interior plate of the column by the 4th tenon part.
6. a kind of method of construction of fast assembled integrated house, characterized in that the following steps are included:
A, it does ground: making strip footing on the ground, and pre-buried iron plate buries body, then installed in the upper surface on ready-made basis Ground joist, and ground joist is fixed on the upper surface on basis using expansion bolt;
B, main body frame is built: building H profile steel being cut into horizontal hack lever and column, that the bottom end of column is welded on is pre-buried good Iron plate bury on body, keep the notch for the column being located on the same line opposite, then horizontal hack lever is connected to adjacent column Between, make the side plate and ground keeping parallelism of horizontal hack lever, the end of horizontal hack lever is connected with column by spot welding;In level frame The second tenon part is axially set along it on the top surface of bar;
C, the production and installation of wallboard: wallboard is spliced by several building composite boards, and building composite board is in rectangular housing Cavity in be filled with insulating layer, through slot is offered respectively in the top end face and bottom face of shell, in a side of shell It opens up fluted, another side of shell is provided with the fin mating with groove;Several building composite boards are successively right It connects to form the wallboard, the through slot of each building composite board top end face is connected to form the top surface through slot of wallboard, respectively builds compound The through slot of board bottom end face is connected to form the bottom surface through slot of wallboard, and the bottom surface through slot and the second tenon part are engaged by clamping, It is equipped with grid cloth in the seam crossing of each building composite board, and fills crack resist at mortar;In the monolith plane wallboard spliced Grid cloth crack resist at mortar layer is made in lateral plates and outside plate face respectively;
When first layer wallboard is installed, the first tenon part is first inserted into the top surface through slot of wallboard, then the bottom surface through slot of wallboard is aligned The side end face of wallboard is inserted into the notch of column by ground joist, and between ground joist and the bottom surface through slot of wallboard, the side of wallboard Anticracking grout is filled respectively between end face and column and between the top surface through slot of wallboard and the first tenon part, then by the first tenon part It is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of horizontal hack lever;On the bottom surface through slot of two layers and two layers or more of wallboard and the horizontal hack lever of main body frame The second tenon part it is mating;
D, the installation of floor: installing secondary beam between the medial surface of the horizontal hack lever of main body frame, then installs between secondary beam auxiliary Beam constitutes grid framework;It is laid with one layer of soft wire netting in the top of grid framework, then is laid with one layer of single side aluminium on wire netting Foil flame resistant glass silk rolls up cotton, then in volume two layers of cotton upper berth fireproof floorboard, and uses self-drilling screw by fireproof floorboard and grid frame Frame is fixedly connected;
E, the installation on roof: braced frame is installed at the top of main body frame, bearing plate is installed on the support frame, in bearing plate Upper berth is set up defences water layer, is installed keel frame in the lower section of braced frame, ceiling board and insulating layer is installed on keel frame, in room Solar energy photovoltaic generator is installed on face;
F, the decoration of wall: water proof putty layer is coated in the inside grid cloth anticracking grout layer of wallboard, on water proof putty layer Emulsioni paint layer is sprayed, or inner cavity Decorative hanging board is installed in the grid cloth anticracking grout layer of inside;In the outside grid cloth of wallboard Exterior wall cladding or spraying lacquer are installed on screed.
7. the method for construction of fast assembled integrated house according to claim 6, characterized in that each layer in house Electricity floor heating is made on floor, the power supply of the electricity floor heating is electrically connected with solar energy photovoltaic generator.
8. the method for construction of fast assembled integrated house according to claim 6, characterized in that in the connecting plate of column Plate face on weld third tenon part, by the notch of the side end face of wallboard insertion column, and make side end face and the third tenon of wallboard Part is mating.
9. the method for construction of fast assembled integrated house according to claim 6, characterized in that set in every layer of house It is equipped with partition plate, the side end face of the partition plate is connected on the interior plate of the column by the 4th tenon part.
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