CN202941398U - Solar partition continuous tobacco baking room - Google Patents

Solar partition continuous tobacco baking room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202941398U
CN202941398U CN 201220534287 CN201220534287U CN202941398U CN 202941398 U CN202941398 U CN 202941398U CN 201220534287 CN201220534287 CN 201220534287 CN 201220534287 U CN201220534287 U CN 201220534287U CN 202941398 U CN202941398 U CN 202941398U
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China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
district
section
barn
baking room
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220534287
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙中泽
张涛雄
王振海
牛书金
张经邦
刘宏
程玉渊
徐传快
丁心洁
李鹏
王万松
马新武
赵云丽
闫兵
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DENGZHOU FENGQI GROUP FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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DENGZHOU FENGQI GROUP FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Application filed by DENGZHOU FENGQI GROUP FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical DENGZHOU FENGQI GROUP FERTILIZER INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN 201220534287 priority Critical patent/CN202941398U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202941398U publication Critical patent/CN202941398U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the field of agriculture product processing, and provides a solar partition continuous tobacco baking room. The solar partition continuous tobacco baking room is characterized in that the baking room is designed to be in a bending tunnel shape, and is divided into a plurality of area sections which are a heating section, a ventilating section and a moisture discharging section, and baking in sectioning and sequencing modes according to the characters of tobacco leaves and the quality of flue-cured tobacco is achieved. A track which is consistent with the baking room of the bending tunnel shape is used, and tobacco box hanging rings are arranged below a conveying chain. Compared with an existing tobacco baking room, the solar partition continuous tobacco baking room has the obvious advantages of being saving in energy, continuous in production, and convenient to control, improves working conditions, effectively guarantees the quality of the flue-cured tobacco, and improves the income of tobacco growers and the like.

Description

The continuous tobacco curing barn of solar energy subregion
Technical field
The invention belongs to the processing of farm products field, relates to baking equipment for preparatory treatment of tobacco, proposes the continuous tobacco curing barn of a kind of solar energy subregion.
Background technology
1, traditional tobacco curing barn is the room formula building that assembles with sun-dried mud brick or masonry, the air channel, ground is left in the bottom of perimeter walls, the highest point of ridge or wall leaves skylight or upper exhaust passage, one end of indoor backer's wall is built the stove that has for coal combustion, the indoor fiery ridge and the chimney that goes out wall that has for the hot gas cycle full chamber heating of stove.Be carved with groove on indoor two eaves walls, purlin is equipped with in the centre in room, can hang over after small bamboo on groove one end and purlin for tobacco leaf.After bright cigarette is filled barn, light a fire and heat, first little fire, rear moderate heat, then big fire.First block lower air duct, then adjust and open upper lower air duct, block again at last.Make that tobacco leaf is wilting, flavescence, cured leaf, dried muscle again, be roasted into smoke through an a heatable brick bed cigarette after 4-5 days.Whole bake process with people's sensation and experience, so the cigarette quality that bakes is difficult for assurance, or is baked green grass or young crops or roasting black entirely, or dust.Flue cured tobacco quality can't guarantee in a word, energy resource consumption, and roasting one kilogram of dried cigarette needs 2.5 kilograms of coals.
2, in recent years, the barn of cigarette has very much progress, and as Canadian " close-packed tobacco barn ", its space availability ratio improves a lot.The dried cigarette quantity that bakes of every cubic metre is more than 5 times of traditional baking chamber.Be to force Wind Volume to ventilate with traditional baking chamber than it, with coal, aqueous medium heated, then by heat exchanger with air heat.The wet and dry bulb temperature instrument of sensing is housed in barn, and can be according to the size of humidity automatic control heat supply and ventilation.Coal can be saved the dried cigarette of each kilogram and consume 1.5 kilograms of coals.But this barn is also to fill a cigarette to need baking in 4-5 days just can go out dried cigarette, due to the Wind Volume forced ventilation, the air that aroma substance in fresh tobacco leaf is flowed has blown away, so the fragrance that flue-cured tobacco is strong is thin out, the attenuation of blade identity, and the quality of the cigarette that bakes is bad, because large-scale dress cigarette clip has substituted pole on artificial volume cigarette, tens kilograms of the bright cigarettes of every secondary cigarette clip, be afraid of that again smoked sheet drops in the flue-cured tobacco process, so the cigarette folder is very tight to bright cigarette folder, causes Wind Volume to pass through, and meat muscle phenomenon often occurs.
Summary of the invention
The applicant is in the manufacturing business activities of being engaged in for many years the tobacco planting processing equipment, find that traditional tobacco curing barn and close-packed tobacco barn exist certain defect, the personnel of organizational technology are through constantly exploring and improving, purpose is to provide a kind of solar energy subregion continuous tobacco curing barn, can utilize energy-saving solar, can divide the section temperature control wet baking, improve Flue-cured tobacco Quality, can work continuously, enhance productivity.
the technical scheme that the invention is taked is the continuous tobacco curing barn of a kind of solar energy subregion of design, its structure comprises: barn, comprise that hot-water boiler and solar water heater unite by the heat exchanger heating system, comprise the air channel, ventilation fan, moistureproof window, the ventilating system of humidifier, the tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism, wherein, described barn adopts composite insulation boards to be assembled into bending tunnel-like barn, and the observation road between the tunnel, described bending tunnel-like barn is divided into some sections: comprise 1. tobacco leaf pretreating zone, 2. blade flavescence district, 3. offshoot flavescence district, 4. master pulse flavescence district, 5. fragrance is synthetic distinguishes, 6. dried muscle district and 7. moisture regain district, wherein said heating system adopts 1., 2., 3., 4., 5. heat exchanger is located at described section bottom in section, the ventilation fan of described ventilating system is contained in described section top, wind passage mouth is located at the bottom, at 6. section, heat exchanger is located at this section top, moistureproof window is located at this section bottom, and ventilation fan is located on this section sidewall, at suitable section two ends respectively and air curtain is set between adjacent sections, be provided with the moisture regain humidifier at 7. section, wherein said tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism adopts at the end to end track of bending tunnel top fixing suspention C type, along stretching tobacco leaf frame link under the chain of track.
Described moistureproof window is communicated with to the humidification port of relevant section by pipeline.
technique scheme and measure are adopted in the invention, to existing " close-packed tobacco barn " in addition larger improvement, due to barn design bending tunnel-like barn, can realize producing continuously with fashionable dress cigarette, smoke, enhance productivity, tobacco flue-curing season is the very strong time of the sun just, owing to having utilized solar energy and boiler combined heat, solar water heater efficient is very high, except cloudy day, evening, the period such as rain use hot-water boiler, the coal consumption amount of one kilogram of dried cigarette is dropped to below one kilogram, saved the energy, due to curved tunnels shape barn is divided into some sections roasting between, be convenient to respectively by regulating and controlling temperature, humidity, air quantity, wind speed, can follow the plant characteristic of tobacco leaf and the quality requirements of flue-cured tobacco, segmentation divides the order baking, thereby guarantee the quality of flue-cured tobacco, significantly improve as color and luster, fragrance, identity etc., increased tobacco grower's income, and provide quality raw materials for tobacco product, due to heat supply, the heat exchanger of ventilating system, ventilation fan, wind passage mouth, the Reasonable Arrangement of moistureproof window and air curtain, and relevant parameter is set, not only take full advantage of heat energy, rheumatism, and be convenient to realize automatic control, because the tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism adopts the C type end to end track consistent with the tunnel-like barn, along stretching tobacco leaf frame link under the track chain, not only filling the cigarette smoke can carry out outside barn, easy and simple to handle, improved working condition, alleviated labour intensity, and replace artificial pole or the large-scale dress cigarette clip on cigarette of compiling with tobacco leaf frame link, tobacco leaf each position is evenly ventilated, dried by the fire or got damp again, Flue-cured tobacco Quality and presentation quality have further been improved.In a word, the continuous tobacco curing barn of this solar energy subregion of the invention, compare with traditional tobacco curing barn or the external close-packed tobacco barn of introducing, have continuous production, energy savings is convenient to control, improve working conditions, the science flue-cured tobacco effectively improves and guarantees the flue-cured tobacco product quality, and then increases the remarkable advantage such as peasant income.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 represents the planar structure schematic diagram of the continuous tobacco curing barn of the invention solar energy subregion;
The A-A of Fig. 2 presentation graphs 1 is to the sectional structure schematic diagram.
The specific embodiment
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments, further illustrate the concrete structure of the invention.
the embodiment 1 of the continuous tobacco curing barn of the invention solar energy subregion, referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, its structure comprises: barn 5, switchgear house 5, heating system, ventilating system, the tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism, wherein barn 5 adopts composite insulation boards to be assembled into the bending tunnel-like barn 5 of certain width and height, with the observation path 10, bending tunnel-like barn 5 be divided into successively roasting with lower curtate between: tobacco leaf pretreating zone 17, blade flavescence district 18, offshoot flavescence district 19, master pulse flavescence district 20, the synthetic district 21 of fragrance, dried muscle district 22, moisture regain district 23 sections, wherein heating system comprises water pot 7, hot-water boiler 8, solar water heater 3, heat exchanger 11, Self controlling valve 16, sensing, wet and dry bulb temperature instrument 25, wherein ventilating system comprises wind passage mouth 6, ventilation fan 4, moistureproof window 12, humidifier 13, wherein the tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism comprises the end to end two-orbit 9 of C type and the track strainer 1 that is suspended on bending tunnel-like barn 5 top boards, stretching link and tobacco leaf frame 24 for 2 times along the orbit transports chain.synthesize in each section in district 21 to fragrance at tobacco leaf pretreating zone 17, heat exchanger 11 is laid in described section bottom, ventilation fan 4 is laid in described section top, wind passage mouth 6 is laid in described section bottom, ventilation fan 4 can determine the quantity of unlatching and the frequency of unlatching according to numerical value and the setting value of sensing wet and dry bulb temperature instrument 25, especially in the synthetic district of fragrance, with temperature, humidity, air quantity, the wind speed locking within the specific limits, just guaranteed the least disadvantage of the aroma substance of tobacco leaf, at dried muscle district 22 sections, heat exchanger 11 is laid in described section top, moistureproof window 12 is laid in this section bottom, ventilation fan 4 is laid on this section sidewall, at the two ends of dried muscle district 22 sections respectively with the synthetic district 21 of adjacent sections fragrance, between moisture regain district 23, air curtain 14 is set, distinguish 23 sections in moisture regain and be provided with moisture regain humidifier 13.
In order to save humidifier, and the moisture and the fragrance that utilize moistureproof window to discharge, also adopt the humidification port of moistureproof window 12 by pipeline and master pulse flavescence district 20 or the synthetic district 21 of fragrance or moisture regain district 23 is communicated with, satisfy be correlated with section humidification or the needs that get damp again.
The continuous tobacco curing barn of this solar energy subregion of the invention through being expounded through peer review of this area, shows reasonable in design, scientific arrangement, the energy energy-saving and emission-reduction, easy and simple to handle, improve working conditions, effectively guarantee Flue-cured tobacco Quality, for tobacco grower, cigarette industry have increased economic benefit.

Claims (2)

1. continuous tobacco curing barn of solar energy subregion, comprise: barn, comprise that hot-water boiler and solar water heater unite by the heat exchanger heating system, the ventilating system that comprises air channel, ventilation fan, moistureproof window, humidifier, the tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism is characterized in that, described barn adopts composite insulation boards to be assembled into bending tunnel-like barn, and the observation road between the tunnel, described bending tunnel-like barn is divided into some sections: comprise 1. tobacco leaf pretreating zone; 2. blade flavescence district, 3. offshoot flavescence district, 4. master pulse flavescence district, 5. fragrance synthetic district, 6. dried muscle district, 7. moisture regain district; Wherein said heating system adopts 1., 2., 3., 4., 5. heat exchanger is located at described section bottom in section, the ventilation fan of described ventilating system is contained in described section top, wind passage mouth is located at the bottom, at 6. section, heat exchanger is located at this section top, moistureproof window is located at this section bottom, and ventilation fan is located on this section sidewall, at suitable section two ends respectively and air curtain is set between adjacent sections; Be provided with the moisture regain humidifier at 7. section; Wherein said tobacco leaf holder suspension mechanism adopts at the end to end track of bending tunnel top fixing suspention C type, along stretching tobacco leaf frame link under the chain of track.
2. the continuous tobacco curing barn of solar energy subregion as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described moistureproof window is communicated with by the humidification port of pipeline with master pulse flavescence district or the synthetic district of fragrance or the district that gets damp again.
CN 201220534287 2012-10-18 2012-10-18 Solar partition continuous tobacco baking room Expired - Fee Related CN202941398U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220534287 CN202941398U (en) 2012-10-18 2012-10-18 Solar partition continuous tobacco baking room

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220534287 CN202941398U (en) 2012-10-18 2012-10-18 Solar partition continuous tobacco baking room

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CN202941398U true CN202941398U (en) 2013-05-22

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CN 201220534287 Expired - Fee Related CN202941398U (en) 2012-10-18 2012-10-18 Solar partition continuous tobacco baking room

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103734891A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-04-23 湖北省烟草科学研究院 Segmented energy-saving conditioning integrated tobacco curing barn and curing technology
CN105843273A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 姜永辉 Heat supply and energy-saving method for intelligent control streamline tobacco leaf baking room
CN108013494A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-05-11 襄阳申冠机电技术有限公司 Cigar eggplant clothing eggplant covers conditioning device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103734891A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-04-23 湖北省烟草科学研究院 Segmented energy-saving conditioning integrated tobacco curing barn and curing technology
CN103734891B (en) * 2014-02-10 2015-11-04 湖北省烟草科学研究院 The integrated tobacco curing barn of the energy-conservation moisture regain of range selector and baking process
CN105843273A (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-08-10 姜永辉 Heat supply and energy-saving method for intelligent control streamline tobacco leaf baking room
CN108013494A (en) * 2017-08-30 2018-05-11 襄阳申冠机电技术有限公司 Cigar eggplant clothing eggplant covers conditioning device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130522

Termination date: 20181018

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee