CN104584942A - Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate - Google Patents

Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104584942A
CN104584942A CN201310529764.5A CN201310529764A CN104584942A CN 104584942 A CN104584942 A CN 104584942A CN 201310529764 A CN201310529764 A CN 201310529764A CN 104584942 A CN104584942 A CN 104584942A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
booth
rain forest
simulating
tropical rain
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310529764.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邵长青
齐琼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YICHANG WANSEN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
YICHANG WANSEN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by YICHANG WANSEN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical YICHANG WANSEN ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310529764.5A priority Critical patent/CN104584942A/en
Publication of CN104584942A publication Critical patent/CN104584942A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • A01G9/222Lamellar or like blinds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention provides a breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate. The breeding greenhouse comprises a greenhouse; the top of the greenhouse is provided with sun boards; spray pipes are arranged inside the greenhouse; a sunshade net is arranged in the top of the greenhouse; a plurality of illuminating lamps are installed in the greenhouse; one side of the greenhouse is provided with a sealed fermentation tank; a methane pipe of the fermentation tank passes through the greenhouse and is then connected with a methane discharge pipe; a combustion chamber is arranged near the fermentation tank; and a flue gas pipe of the combustion chamber successively passes through the fermentation tank and the greenhouse and is then connected with a chimney. According to the invention, through combination of the spray pipes, the sun boards, a humidity adjusting machine, an air conditioner, the flue gas pipe, the methane pipe and other structures arranged in the greenhouse, the climate characteristics of sufficient illumination, high humidity and high temperature of tropical rainforests are simulated, so cirmamonun camphora planted in the greenhouse has prosperous branches and leaves and grows fast, and higher yield of natural borneol is achieved; compared with the average yield per mu of cirmamonun camphora planted out of the greenhouse in the local area and growing under natural conditions, the average yield per mu of the cirmamonun camphora planted in the greenhouse is doubled.

Description

A kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation field of plant, particularly a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate.
Background technology
Spore density is the important plant resources extracting natural borneol.In recent years, the ground such as Hunan is newly shaken, Ji'an, Jiangxi, MeiZhou,GuangDong has successively found the canella containing natural borneol, just changes the situation of China's natural borneol dependence on import always.Natural borneol is that processing is extracted and obtained from the branches and leaves of Spore density, and therefore planting out that content of bornyl alcohol is high, branches and leaves are luxuriant, growing fast borneol camphor tree is the key obtaining high yield natural borneol.
There is no the raising shed being exclusively used in and cultivating Spore density at present.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved of the present invention is to provide a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate, and the Spore density branches and leaves of cultivation can be made luxuriant, and growing way is fast, and the productive rate of natural borneol is higher.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate, comprises booth, the top of booth is provided with sunlight board, be provided with shower in booth, the top of booth is provided with sunshade net, is provided with multiple illuminating lamp in booth.
Air conditioner is provided with in booth.
Damping machine or fan blower is provided with in booth.
Establish Packed fermentation vat in the side of booth, the biogas pipe of fermentation vat is connected with biogas comb through after booth.
The part tube wall that described biogas pipe is positioned at booth is provided with fin.
Near fermentation vat, be provided with combustion chamber, the fume pipe of combustion chamber, first through fermentation vat, is then connected with chimney through after booth.
The part tube wall that fume pipe is positioned at booth is provided with fin.
Fume pipe is provided with aperture control valve.
Also temperature and moisture sensors is provided with in booth.
After deliberation, Spore density, such as, originates in the borneol camphor tree of Shennongjiawooded Area, and the weather be comparatively applicable to is tropical rain forest climate, and sufficient in this illumination, under damp and hot weather conditions, the growing way of borneol camphor tree is more good, and the natural borneol content in it is higher.And this area belongs to subtropics monsoon humid climate.Make a clear distinction between the four seasons, spring and autumn is longer, and the temperature in summer is higher, but global illumination condition and air humidity and rainfall and tropical rain forest climate have certain gap, have impact on the growth of borneol camphor tree and later stage produce in the yield of natural borneol.
A kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate provided by the invention, by the shower, the sunlight board that within it arrange, damping machine, air conditioner, fume pipe and the isostructural combination of biogas pipe, the illumination simulating tropical rain forest is sufficient, damp and hot climatic characteristic, make the borneol camphor tree branches and leaves of plantation in booth luxuriant, growing way is fast, can obtain the natural borneol of more high yield, average yield per mu doubles compared with under the natural conditions outside the booth of this area.The fermentation vat arranged and combustion chamber also reduce the cost of auxiliary heating, and the residue of fermentation vat also can as the nutrient of borneol camphor tree growth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked on a left side of Fig. 1.
In figure: sunlight board 1, Motorized blind net 2, illuminating lamp 3, shower 4, chimney 5, biogas comb 6, booth 7, fume pipe 8, biogas pipe 9, fermentation vat 10, combustion chamber 11, damping machine 12, air conditioner 13, aperture control valve 14.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As in Fig. 1,2, a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate, comprises booth 7, and the top of booth 7 is provided with sunlight board 1, is provided with shower 4 in booth 7, and the top of booth 7 is provided with sunshade net 2, is provided with multiple illuminating lamp 3 in booth 7.Sunlight board 1 wherein and illuminating lamp 3 are for meeting the requirement of borneol camphor tree illumination, and shower 4 then meets the requirement of borneol camphor tree for humidity according to the humidity in booth 7, such as, make the humidity in air reach 90%.Because the summer high temperature of this locality is usually at 30 degrees Celsius ~ 40 degrees Celsius, higher than the temperature in tropical rain forest, it is useful for therefore arranging sunshade net 2, coordinates shower 4 to reduce the temperature in high temperature period booth.Preferably, sunshade net 2 adopts Motorized blind net, to reduce labour intensity.Preferably, also temperature and moisture sensors is provided with in booth 7.Structure thus, can realize the automatic control of canopy temperature and humidity.
Select to build in sand, sunny area the booth that borneol camphor tree is cultivated in plantation.Greenhouse frame in this example is high 8 meters, and top adopts sunlight board to build, and side wall selects high-quality horticultural covering film.Install Motorized blind net at booth top, illuminating lamp is equipped with in booth inside, and shower 4 is to control light application time, intensity of illumination and the air humidity in booth in Various Seasonal.Good feedwater and pumping equipment is also provided with in booth.In booth, weather conditions are monitored in real time by computer control program and are controlled.Borneol camphor tree is transplanted after booth, keep canopy temperature between 24-28 DEG C, and illumination is sufficient, and air humidity is at about 85-90%, fertile soil, moistening.By compared with the borneol camphor tree planted in vacant lot, in the imitative tropical rain forest climate booth in this example, the borneol camphor tree branches and leaves of plantation are luxuriant, and growing way is fast, and can obtain the natural borneol of more high yield, average yield per mu doubles.
Embodiment 2:
On the basis of embodiment 1, in booth 7, be provided with air conditioner 11.Air conditioner 11 for auxiliary refrigeration or heat supply, and when humidity is too high, is opened in booth and is ventilated.
Embodiment 3:
On the basis of embodiment 1, in booth 7, be provided with damping machine 12 or fan blower.Damping machine 12 or fan blower are for regulating the humidity in booth 7, and this example can combinationally use with embodiment 2, to realize the accuracy controlling to canopy temperature and humidity.
Embodiment 4:
Although air conditioner 1 accurately can regulate the temperature and humidity in booth with damping machine 12 or fan blower, cost is higher, and mainly equipment investment and energy consumption are all higher.
As in Fig. 1,2, on the basis of embodiment 1, in preferred scheme, establish Packed fermentation vat 10 in the side of booth 7, the biogas pipe 9 of fermentation vat 10 is connected with biogas comb 6 through after booth 7.
Further optimization, the part tube wall that described biogas pipe 9 is positioned at booth is provided with fin.
The fermentation vat 10 arranged is when biomass material abundance, temperature in it can reach 40 ~ 50 degrees Celsius usually, biogas pipe 9 can be realized the auxiliary heat supplying of low cost through booth 7, through measuring and calculating, at spring and autumn, the auxiliary heating provided in fermentation vat 10, can meet the temperature requirement in booth 7 completely, also can be heated by the mode of the biogas that burns in the winter time.Residue in fermentation vat 10 also can as the nutriment of borneol camphor tree growth.This example also can combinationally use with embodiment 2,3.
Embodiment 5:
Further optimization as in Fig. 1, on the basis of embodiment 4, near fermentation vat 10, be also provided with combustion chamber 11, the fume pipe 8 of combustion chamber 11, first through fermentation vat 10, is then connected with chimney 5 through after booth 7.The part tube wall that fume pipe 8 is positioned at booth is provided with fin.Fume pipe 8 is provided with aperture control valve 14.The combustion chamber 11 arranged can produce the flue gas of higher temperature, and the temperature of these flue gases may be used for promoting the temperature in fermentation vat 10 and booth 7, and under overcoming the lower situation of winter temperature, fermentation vat 10 production efficiency is lower, and the problem that in booth 7, temperature is lower.Compared with adopting the scheme of air conditioner, the energy consumption in this example is lower.The aperture control valve 14 arranged, according to the signal of temperature sensor, can control the flue gas throughput of fume pipe 8, to regulate the temperature in booth automatically.

Claims (9)

1. simulate the raising shed of tropical rain forest climate for one kind, comprise booth (7), the top of booth (7) is provided with sunlight board (1), it is characterized in that: be provided with shower (4) in booth (7), the top of booth (7) is provided with sunshade net (2), is provided with multiple illuminating lamp (3) in booth (7).
2. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with air conditioner (11) in booth (7).
3. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with damping machine (12) or fan blower in booth (7).
4. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: establish Packed fermentation vat (10) in the side of booth (7), the biogas pipe (9) of fermentation vat (10) is connected with biogas comb (6) afterwards through booth (7).
5. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the part tube wall that described biogas pipe (9) is positioned at booth is provided with fin.
6. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: near fermentation vat (10), be provided with combustion chamber (11), the fume pipe (8) of combustion chamber (11), first through fermentation vat (10), is then connected with chimney (5) through booth (7) afterwards.
7. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the part tube wall that fume pipe (8) is positioned at booth is provided with fin.
8. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to claim 6, is characterized in that: fume pipe (8) is provided with aperture control valve (14).
9. a kind of raising shed of simulating tropical rain forest climate according to any one of claim 1 ~ 7, is characterized in that: booth is also provided with temperature and moisture sensors in (7).
CN201310529764.5A 2013-11-01 2013-11-01 Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate Pending CN104584942A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310529764.5A CN104584942A (en) 2013-11-01 2013-11-01 Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310529764.5A CN104584942A (en) 2013-11-01 2013-11-01 Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104584942A true CN104584942A (en) 2015-05-06

Family

ID=53111286

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310529764.5A Pending CN104584942A (en) 2013-11-01 2013-11-01 Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104584942A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052522A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-18 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Ex-situ planting method for wax apples
CN106857099A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-20 李梦颖 A kind of agricultural booth with biogas warm-up auxiliary system
CN108409387A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-08-17 中山市和智电子科技有限公司 A kind of compost accelerating reactor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052522A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-18 福建省春天园林工程有限公司 Ex-situ planting method for wax apples
CN106857099A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-20 李梦颖 A kind of agricultural booth with biogas warm-up auxiliary system
CN106857099B (en) * 2017-03-21 2022-05-24 李梦颖 Take biogas heating auxiliary system's agricultural greenhouse
CN108409387A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-08-17 中山市和智电子科技有限公司 A kind of compost accelerating reactor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203597163U (en) Culture greenhouse simulating tropical rainy climate
De Gelder et al. An overview of climate and crop yield in closed greenhouses
CN101803544B (en) Greenhouse system and intelligent greenhouse control system
CN203537994U (en) Greenhouse for improving crop yield through biogas
CN104429694B (en) A kind of family fruit and vegerable production system
CN104472335A (en) Greenhouse type plant factory system for flower production
CN203934408U (en) A kind of dendrobium candidum attached-greenhouse of growing seedlings
CN106804283A (en) A kind of vegetables and the ecological sun-cloudiness shed of edible mushroom symbiosis
CN1817088A (en) Culturing technology and its apparatus for mushroom plant
CN205305505U (en) Ecological negative and positive canopy of vegetables and domestic fungus intergrowth
Giacomelli et al. Greenhouse production systems for people
CN207783710U (en) A kind of energy saving greenhouse for strawberry cultivating
CN204762487U (en) Energy -conserving greenhouse
CN104584942A (en) Breeding greenhouse capable of simulating tropical rainforest climate
CN203775790U (en) Bidirectional temperature regulation energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
Kempkes et al. Greenhouse concept with high insulating double glass with coatings and new climate control strategies; from design to results from tomato experiments
CN107251782A (en) A kind of plant greenhouse automatic control system and control method
CN207995733U (en) A kind of intelligent Greenhouse
CN204426145U (en) A kind of hardening device of plantlet in vitro Rooting ex vitro
CN101743866A (en) Plant incubator
CN206294604U (en) A kind of roof greening system of cold district
CN101129119B (en) Method for cultivating yellow back agaric
CN102422795A (en) Agricultural multifunctional automatic control room
CN208549410U (en) A kind of cultivation of fruit tree vinyl house
CN207869857U (en) A kind of new test greenhouse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150506