The utility model relates to a kind of potato harvest machine, belongs to agricultural mechanical field.
At present China's potato harvest machine is mainly take single results as main, namely directly potato from ground out, follow-uply also need a large amount of entruckings of manually picking up, and efficiency of crop is low, fault rate is high, easily hinders potato.Some large-scale potato plantings base mainly still relies on external facility to gather in the crops, although their efficiency of crop is high, failure rate is low, but expensive, maintain very inconvenient, be not suitable for the current potato of China and produce the needs of results, so be badly in need of developing the potato combine tool that is fit to China's national situation.
The utility model content
The utility model has solved the technical barrier that China's potato harvest machine is mainly single results, has proposed a kind ofly to integrate results, loose soil, except the potato combine of seedling, entrucking.
For achieving the above object, a kind of potato combine that the utility model provides, it is mainly by walking chassis, digging mechanism, shaker mechanism, form except rice seedling distribution mechanism, sorting mechanism and conveying mechanism; Described walking chassis front end is provided with digging mechanism, described digging mechanism back is provided with described shaker mechanism, described shaker mechanism back is provided with described except rice seedling distribution mechanism, describedly is provided with described sorting mechanism except the rice seedling distribution mechanism back, is provided with described conveying mechanism below described sorting mechanism.
Described walking chassis mainly is comprised of frame, running gear, transmission system; Described running gear is arranged on described frame lower end; Described transmission system is arranged on frame and an end is connected with splined shaft by chain-wheel box, and the other end is connected with described shaker mechanism.
Described shaker mechanism is the secondary shake, mainly by fixedly wallboard, one-level shake chain, secondary shake chain, one-level jittering device, one-level transfer roller, one-level tensioning apparatus, secondary jittering device, secondary transfer roller, secondary tensioning apparatus etc. form; Described one-level jittering device and described one-level transfer roller are positioned at described fixedly wallboard front end and are placed under described one-level shake chain; Described one-level tensioning apparatus two ends are connected with described digging mechanism, and described secondary jittering device and described secondary transfer roller are positioned at described fixedly wallboard rear end and are placed under described secondary shake chain, and described secondary tensioning apparatus is connected with described frame both sides.
Described running gear one side is equipped with hydraulic jack I; Between described running gear and described frame, hydraulic jack II is housed.
Described frame front end is provided with hitch frame, and described hitch frame one side is equipped with the adjustment hydraulic jack.
The utility model has the advantage of: 1. can be the good direct entrucking of potato of results; 2. complete machine is simple in structure, operation, easy to maintenance; 3. complete machine adopts the secondary shake, jitter amplitude can hydraulic regulation, guarantees that potato separates with soil thoroughly, totally.4. the staff stands in go-no-go platform both sides, can remove and not tremble large stone of removing etc.5. turning to except by tractor steering control of complete machine also can be by hydraulic control, make turn to more flexible.6. in acclive landform operation, can guarantee the balance of frame by hydraulic control, adaptability is stronger, and entrucking is more smooth and easy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is potato combine overall structure schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is the chassis end view of walking
Fig. 3 is the chassis vertical view of walking
Fig. 4 is the chassis front view of walking
Fig. 5 is the shaker mechanism schematic diagram
Fig. 6 is the digging mechanism schematic diagram
in figure: chassis-1 of walking, digging mechanism-2, shaker mechanism-3, except rice seedling distribution mechanism-4, sorting mechanism-5, conveying mechanism-6, frame-7, running gear-8, transmission system-9, chain-wheel box-10, splined shaft-11, fixing wallboard-12, one-level shake chain-13, secondary shake chain-14, one-level jittering device-15, one-level transfer roller-16, one-level tensioning apparatus-17, secondary jittering device-18, secondary transfer roller-19, secondary tensioning apparatus-20, hydraulic jack I-21, hydraulic jack II-22, hitch frame-23, adjust hydraulic jack-24.
A kind of potato combine that the utility model provides, it is mainly by walking chassis 1, digging mechanism 2, shaker mechanism 3, form except rice seedling distribution mechanism 4, sorting mechanism 5 and conveying mechanism 6; Walking chassis 1 front end is provided with digging mechanism 2, and digging mechanism 2 back are provided with shaker mechanism 3, and shaker mechanism 3 back are provided with except rice seedling distribution mechanism 4, except rice seedling distribution mechanism 4 back are provided with sorting mechanism 5, is provided with conveying mechanism 6 below sorting mechanism 5.
Walking chassis 1 mainly is comprised of frame 7, running gear 8, transmission system 9; Running gear 8 is arranged on frame 7 lower ends; Transmission system 9 is arranged on frame 7 and an end is connected with splined shaft 11 by chain-wheel box 10, and the other end is connected with shaker mechanism 3.
Shaker mechanism 3 is the secondary shake, mainly by fixedly wallboard 12, one-level shake chain 13, secondary shake chain 14, one-level jittering device 15, one-level transfer roller 16, one-level tensioning apparatus 17, secondary jittering device 18, secondary transfer roller 19, secondary tensioning apparatus 20 etc. form; Fixedly wallboard 12 is connected with frame 7 both sides; One-level jittering device 15 and one-level transfer roller 16 are positioned at fixedly wallboard 12 front ends and are placed in one-level shake chain 13 times; One-level tensioning apparatus 17 two ends are connected with digging mechanism 2, and secondary jittering device 18 and secondary transfer roller 19 are positioned at fixedly wallboard 12 rear ends and are placed in secondary shake chain 14 times, and secondary tensioning apparatus 20 is connected with frame 7 both sides.Facility are shaken the two-stage shake of chain 13 and secondary shake chain 14 by one-level, make potato separate with soil more thorough.
Running gear 8 one sides are equipped with hydraulic jack I 21; Hydraulic jack II 22 is housed between running gear and frame.The frame front end is provided with hitch frame 23, and hitch frame one side is equipped with adjusts hydraulic jack 24.The tractor driver can make machine coordinate tractor to turn more flexible by controlling hydraulic jack II 22 and adjusting hydraulic jack 24.