CN203105104U - Hand walking tuber crop harvester - Google Patents

Hand walking tuber crop harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203105104U
CN203105104U CN2012207230176U CN201220723017U CN203105104U CN 203105104 U CN203105104 U CN 203105104U CN 2012207230176 U CN2012207230176 U CN 2012207230176U CN 201220723017 U CN201220723017 U CN 201220723017U CN 203105104 U CN203105104 U CN 203105104U
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China
Prior art keywords
sprocket wheel
support
vii
side direction
link
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Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN2012207230176U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋金琳
龚丽农
王公仆
吴洪珠
王东伟
殷元元
王信诚
吴京前
房庆龙
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QINGDAO HONGZHU AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Qingdao Agricultural University
Original Assignee
QINGDAO HONGZHU AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Qingdao Agricultural University
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Application filed by QINGDAO HONGZHU AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd, Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical QINGDAO HONGZHU AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2012207230176U priority Critical patent/CN203105104U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203105104U publication Critical patent/CN203105104U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hand walking tuber crop harvester, which comprises an engine, a power chassis, a supporting and transporting device, a digging and separating device and a hydraulic system, wherein the supporting and transporting device, the digging and separating device and the hydraulic system are arranged on the power chassis; the engine is arranged on the power chassis; the supporting and transporting device is positioned at the front end of the power chassis; the digging and separating device is positioned below the power chassis and behind the supporting and transporting device; the power chassis comprises a gear box and a final drive; the hydraulic system comprises a hydraulic pump and a digging depth adjusting oil cylinder; the hydraulic pump is driven by the engine to adjust the digging depth and the ground clearance of the digging and separating device through the digging depth adjusting oil cylinder; and the engine is connected with a transmission system through the gear box and is connected with the digging and separating device through the transmission system to provide power. According to the hand walking tuber crop harvester, by adopting the integrated design of the power chassis, the digging and separating device and the supporting and transporting device, the space available of the harvester is increased, and the tuber-soil separation effect is improved; and a lateral laying device is additionally arranged, so that artificial damage to tuber crop is avoided.

Description

Hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, is specially a kind of hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine.
Background technology
Tuber crops claim root crop again, mainly comprise sweet potato, potato, Chinese yam, taro class etc.; The product organ of tuber crops is piece root and the stem tuber that is grown in the soil.Tuber crops are staple food crops of human society now, and especially as the potato of one of four generalized grain crops, its output is only second to paddy rice, corn and wheat.Tuber crops possess output height, nutritious, advantage such as environmental suitability is strong, and in China, the main producing region of tuber crops is southwestern mountain area, northwest, the Inner Mongol and the Northeast.Based on the extensive plantation of tuber crops in China, the tuber crops reaping machine has also been played the part of important role in the process of farmland mechanization.At present, domestic advanced person's tuber crops reaping machine mostly is huge, the baroque main equipment of fuselage, needs the large sized tractor traction to drive, and is only applicable to the flat area, and condition requires height over the ground, is not suitable for the results of mountain region or knob small size plantation.
In the mountain region or the knob, owing to often there is steep, curved many, the present situation that block area is little in slope, be not easy to adopt heavy mechanical equipment to carry out harvest operation, commonly used is that the employing hand tractor is the tuber crops reaping machine of supporting power at present.This tuber crops reaping machine is supporting power owing to selecting hand tractor for use, causes the free space of reaping machine little, excavates separator and adopts the mode of suspension to be arranged on the rear of tractor usually; Thereby the common ubiquity structure of tuber crops reaping machine is short and small, the native inferior separating effect of potato, and problem such as not easy to operate.
The utility model content
The technical problem that the utility model solves provides a kind of hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine, this tuber crops reaping machine adopts independently power set, and is rational in infrastructure and be convenient to walking operation, improved potato soil separating effect simultaneously, be convenient to the walking operation, be fit to mountain area, hills and little plot and use.
The technical solution of the utility model: hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine comprises engine, power chassis and is arranged on support conveying arrangement on the power chassis, excavates separator and hydraulic system that described engine is installed on the power chassis; Described support conveying arrangement is positioned at the front end of power chassis, and described excavation separator is positioned at the below of power chassis, the rear side of support conveying arrangement; Described power chassis comprises gearbox and terminal transmission, and described hydraulic system comprises hydraulic pump and excavating depth adjusting oil cylinder; Described Engine driven Hydraulic Pump is regulated oil cylinder by excavating depth and is realized excavating the excavating depth of separator and the adjusting of road clearance, described engine links to each other with transmission system by gearbox, and links to each other to provide power by legacy system with the excavation separator; Described transmission system comprises one-level transmission system and secondary driving system, described gearbox links to each other with the one-level transmission system by power take-off, described one-level transmission system links to each other with secondary driving system by driving shaft b, and by secondary driving system power is transferred to the excavation separator.
Preferably, described one-level transmission system comprises sprocket wheel e, chain b and sprocket wheel c, gearbox links to each other with sprocket wheel e by power take-off, described sprocket wheel e drives sprocket wheel c running by chain b, the top of described chain b is provided with sprocket wheel d, described sprocket wheel d links to each other with chain b engagement, and reverse rotation under the driving of sprocket wheel e; Described secondary driving system comprises sprocket wheel a, sprocket wheel b and chain a, and described sprocket wheel d links to each other with sprocket wheel a by driving shaft b, and described sprocket wheel a drives sprocket wheel b running by chain a, and described sprocket wheel b links to each other with the excavation separator.
Preferably, described reaping machine also comprises the side direction laying device, and described side direction laying device is positioned at the rear of excavating separator; Described side direction laying device comprises driving shaft a, rod-link chains and is used for supporting the support sprocket wheel b of rod-link chains, and described hydraulic system also comprises hydraulic motor, and described hydraulic pump drives the running of rod-link chains by hydraulic motor.
Preferably, described reaping machine also comprises side direction lay angle regulator, and described side direction lay angle regulator is positioned at the top of side direction laying device; Described side direction lay angle regulator comprises adjustable plate, regulating handle b, hinged rotating shaft and adjusting screw(rod); One end of described adjustable plate is fixedlyed connected with the side direction laying device, and the other end is dynamically connected by hinged rotating shaft and power chassis hinge; The two ends of described adjusting screw(rod) link to each other with adjustable plate with power chassis respectively, and described regulating handle b is arranged on the end of adjusting screw(rod), are used for realizing the rotation of side direction laying device around hinged rotating shaft by adjustable plate.
Preferably, described support conveying arrangement comprises that be symmetrically distributed in the frame both sides two support transport assembly and two adjusting devices that support between the transport assembly; Described support transport assembly comprises regulating handle a, vertical adjusting support and supports road wheel that described regulating handle a is positioned at the top of supporting transport assembly, and links to each other with the support road wheel by vertical adjusting support; Described adjusting device is telescopic steel part, and the two ends of described adjusting device link to each other with two vertical adjusting supports that support transport assembly respectively.
Preferably, described excavation separator comprises digger blade, bar strip elevating chain and the support wheel and the driving wheel that are used for supporting the bar strip elevating chain; Described digger blade is positioned at the front end that excavates separator, and described support wheel is positioned at the end near digger blade, and described driving wheel is positioned at the end away from nearly digger blade; Described driving wheel links to each other with the sprocket wheel b of secondary driving system by driving shaft, and drives the running of bar strip elevating chain under the driving of sprocket wheel b.
Preferably, described excavation separator also comprises support roller and side plate; Described support roller is positioned at bar strip elevator middle-of-chain, and described side plate is positioned at the both sides of bar strip elevating chain.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
(1) the utility model adopts power chassis and the integrated design of excavating separator, support conveying arrangement, described power chassis was realized excavating the below that transfer separation device is arranged on power chassis by the road clearance that terminal transmission device has improved power chassis; Therefore, lengthen the length of excavating bar strip elevating chain in the conveying plant, increased the transportation range of tuber crops, improved potato soil separating effect;
(2) the utility model has improved the road clearance of power chassis, not only lengthened the length of excavating bar strip elevating chain in the conveying plant, also increased the height of transfer separation device tail end simultaneously, be convenient to set up the side direction laying device at the transfer separation device tail end, not only make things convenient for the results personnel at the rear end of reaping machine operating equipment, and tuber crops continue to carry at the side direction laying device, be conducive to further to improve the effect that potato soil separates, and avoid the artificial damage that in the operating process tuber crops caused;
(3) reaping machine described in the utility model is regulated oil cylinder by hydraulic pump control excavating depth, realizes the adjusting of the excavating depth of excavation separator; Simultaneously, under the road transport state, can be adjusted to level with excavating separator, increase the road clearance, be convenient to transportation;
(4) in the side direction laying device of the present utility model, can realize the throughput direction of rod-link chains and the adjustment of transporting velocity by hydraulic motor; Simultaneously, the side direction laying device can be realized the adjusting of angle by side direction lay angle regulator, guarantees that the side direction laying device is in level all the time in the results process, thereby has realized the smooth and easy conveying of tuber crops; And in the road transport state side direction laying device to be raised up to the road clearance be 250mm.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is right view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of one-level transmission system in the utility model;
Fig. 6 is shaft side figure of the present utility model;
Among the figure: I is for supporting conveying arrangement, and II is for excavating separator, and III is secondary driving system, and IV is the side direction laying device, and V is side direction lay angle regulator, and VI is the one-level transmission system, and VII is power chassis;
1 is regulating handle a, and 2 is vertical adjusting support, and 3 for supporting road wheel, and 4 are excavating depth adjusting oil cylinder, 5 is digger blade, and 6 for supporting sprocket wheel a, and 7 is the bar strip elevating chain, 8 is side plate, and 9 is support roller, and 10 is sprocket wheel a, 11 is sprocket wheel b, and 12 is chain a, and 13 for supporting sprocket wheel b, 14 is driving shaft a, and 15 is rod-link chains, and 16 is hydraulic motor, 17 is adjustable plate, and 18 is regulating handle b, and 19 is hinged rotating shaft, 20 is adjusting screw(rod), and 21 is chain b, and 22 is sprocket wheel c, 23 is driving shaft b, and 24 is sprocket wheel d, and 25 is adjusting device, 26 is driving wheel, and 27 is gearbox, and 28 is terminal transmission, 29 is hydraulic pump, and 30 is power take-off, and 31 is sprocket wheel e.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
Hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine, comprise engine, power chassis VII and be arranged on support conveying arrangement I on the power chassis VII, excavate separator II, hydraulic system, transmission system, side direction laying device IV and side direction lay angle regulator V that described engine is installed on the power chassis VII.Described support conveying arrangement I is positioned at the front end of power chassis VII, and described excavation separator II is positioned at the below of power chassis VII, the rear side of support conveying arrangement I; Described side direction laying device IV is positioned at the rear of excavating the separator II, and described side direction lay angle regulator V is positioned at the top of side direction laying device IV.
Described support conveying arrangement I comprises that be symmetrically distributed in the frame both sides two support transport assembly and two adjusting devices 25 that support between the transport assembly; Described support transport assembly comprises regulating handle a 1, vertical adjusting support 2 and supports road wheel 3 that described regulating handle a 1 is positioned at the top of supporting transport assembly, and links to each other with support road wheel 3 by vertical adjusting support 2; Described adjusting device 25 is telescopic steel part, and the two ends of described adjusting device 25 link to each other with two vertical adjusting supports 2 that support transport assembly respectively.
Described excavation separator II comprises digger blade 5, bar strip elevating chain 7 and the support wheel 6, support roller 9 and the driving wheel 26 that are used for supporting bar strip elevating chain 7; Described digger blade 5 is positioned at the front end that excavates the separator II, and described support wheel 6 is positioned at the end near digger blade 5, and described support roller 9 is positioned at the centre of bar strip elevating chain 7, and described driving wheel 26 is positioned at the end away from nearly digger blade 5; Described driving wheel 26 links to each other with the sprocket wheel b 11 of secondary driving system III by driving shaft, and drives the running of bar strip elevating chain 7 under the driving of sprocket wheel b 11.
Described power chassis VII comprises gearbox 27 and terminal transmission 28; Described engine links to each other with transmission system by gearbox 27, and links to each other to provide power by transmission system with excavation separator II; Described transmission system comprises one-level transmission system VI and secondary driving system VII.Described one-level transmission system VI comprises sprocket wheel e 31, chain b 21 and sprocket wheel c 22, gearbox links to each other with sprocket wheel e 31 by power take-off 30, described sprocket wheel e 31 drives sprocket wheel c 22 runnings by chain b 21, the top of described chain b 21 is provided with sprocket wheel d 24, described sprocket wheel d 24 links to each other with chain b 21 engagements, and reverse rotation under the driving of sprocket wheel e 31; Described secondary driving system VII comprises sprocket wheel a 10, sprocket wheel b 11 and chain a 12, described sprocket wheel d 24 links to each other with sprocket wheel a 10 by driving shaft b 23, described sprocket wheel a 10 drives sprocket wheel b 11 runnings by chain a 12, and described sprocket wheel b 11 links to each other with excavation separator II.
Described hydraulic system comprises hydraulic pump 29, excavating depth adjusting oil cylinder 4 and hydraulic motor 16, and described Engine driven Hydraulic Pump 29 is regulated oil cylinder 4 by excavating depth and realized excavating the excavating depth of separator II and the adjusting of road clearance; And driving hydraulic pump 29 links to each other with side direction laying device IV by hydraulic motor 16.
Described side direction laying device IV comprises driving shaft a 14, rod-link chains 15 and is used for supporting the support sprocket wheel b 13 of rod-link chains 15 that described hydraulic pump 29 drives the running of rod-link chains 15 by hydraulic motor 16.Described side direction lay angle regulator V comprises adjustable plate 17, regulating handle b 18, hinged rotating shaft 19 and adjusting screw(rod) 20; One end of described adjustable plate is fixedlyed connected with the side direction laying device, and the other end flexibly connects with power chassis VII by hinged rotating shaft 19; The two ends of described adjusting screw(rod) 20 link to each other with adjustable plate 17 with power chassis VII respectively, and described regulating handle b is arranged on the end of adjusting screw(rod) 20, are used for realizing the rotation of side direction laying device V around hinged rotating shaft 19 by adjustable plate 17.

Claims (7)

1. hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine, it is characterized in that: comprise engine, power chassis (VII) and be arranged on support conveying arrangement (I) on the power chassis (VII), excavate separator (II) and hydraulic system that described engine is installed on the power chassis (VII); Described support conveying arrangement (I) is positioned at the front end of power chassis (VII), and described excavation separator (II) is positioned at the below of power chassis (VII), the rear side of support conveying arrangement (I); Described power chassis (VII) comprises gearbox (27) and terminal transmission (28), and described hydraulic system comprises hydraulic pump (29) and excavating depth adjusting oil cylinder (4); Described Engine driven Hydraulic Pump (29) is regulated oil cylinder (4) by excavating depth and is realized excavating the excavating depth of separator and the adjusting of road clearance, described engine links to each other with transmission system by gearbox (27), and links to each other to provide power by transmission system with excavation separator (II); Described transmission system comprises one-level transmission system (VI) and secondary driving system (VII), described gearbox (27) links to each other with one-level transmission system (VI) by power take-off (30), described one-level transmission system is by driving shaft b(23) link to each other with secondary driving system (VII), and by secondary driving system (VII) power is transferred to excavation separator (II).
2. hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described one-level transmission system (VI) comprises sprocket wheel e(31), chain b(21) and sprocket wheel c(22), gearbox is by power take-off (30) and sprocket wheel e(31) link to each other, described sprocket wheel e(31) by chain b(21) drive sprocket wheel c(22) running, described chain b(21) top is provided with sprocket wheel d(24), described sprocket wheel d(24) with chain b(21) engagement link to each other, and at sprocket wheel e(31) driving under reverse rotation; Described secondary driving system (VII) comprises sprocket wheel a(10), sprocket wheel b(11) and chain a(12), described sprocket wheel d(24) by driving shaft b(23) with sprocket wheel a(10) link to each other, described sprocket wheel a(10) by chain a(12) drive sprocket wheel b(11) running, described sprocket wheel b(11) link to each other with excavation separator (II).
3. hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described reaping machine also comprises side direction laying device (IV), described side direction laying device (IV) is positioned at the rear of excavating separator (II); Described hydraulic pump (29) links to each other with side direction laying device (IV); Described side direction laying device (IV) comprises driving shaft a(14), rod-link chains (15) and be used for to support the support sprocket wheel b(13 of rod-link chains (15)), described hydraulic system also comprises hydraulic motor (16), and described hydraulic pump (29) drives the running of rod-link chains (15) by hydraulic motor (16).
4. hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described reaping machine also comprises side direction lay angle regulator (V), described side direction lay angle regulator (V) is positioned at the top of side direction laying device (IV); Described side direction lay angle regulator (V) comprises adjustable plate (17), regulating handle b(18), hinged rotating shaft (19) and adjusting screw(rod) (20); One end of described adjustable plate (17) is fixedlyed connected with side direction laying device (IV), and the other end is dynamically connected by hinged rotating shaft and power chassis (VII) hinge; The two ends of described adjusting screw(rod) (20) link to each other with adjustable plate (17) with power chassis (VII) respectively, described regulating handle b(18) is arranged on the end of adjusting screw(rod) (20), is used for realizing the rotation of side direction laying device (V) around hinged rotating shaft (19) by adjustable plate (17).
5. hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: support that conveying arrangement (I) comprises that two of being symmetrically distributed in the frame both sides support transport assembly and two adjusting devices (25) that support between the transport assembly; Described support transport assembly comprises regulating handle a(1), vertical adjusting support (2) and support road wheel (3), described regulating handle a(1) be positioned at the top of supporting transport assembly, and link to each other with support road wheel (3) by vertical adjusting support (2); Described adjusting device (25) is telescopic steel part, and the two ends of described adjusting device (25) link to each other with two vertical adjusting supports (2) that support transport assembly respectively.
6. according to any described hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described excavation separator (II) comprises digger blade (5), bar strip elevating chain (7) and the support wheel (6) and the driving wheel (26) that are used for supporting bar strip elevating chain (7); Described digger blade (5) is positioned at the front end that excavates separator (II), and described support wheel (6) is positioned at the end near digger blade (5), and described driving wheel (26) is positioned at the end away from nearly digger blade (5); Described driving wheel (26) is by the sprocket wheel b(11 of driving shaft with secondary driving system (III)) link to each other, and at sprocket wheel b(11) driving under drive the running of bar strip elevating chain (7).
7. hand steered propelled type tuber crops reaping machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described excavation separator (II) comprises and also comprises support roller (9) and side plate (8), described support roller (9) is positioned at the centre of supporting bar strip elevating chain (7), and described side plate (8) is positioned at the left and right sides of bar strip elevating chain (7).
CN2012207230176U 2012-12-25 2012-12-25 Hand walking tuber crop harvester Withdrawn - After Issue CN203105104U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012207230176U CN203105104U (en) 2012-12-25 2012-12-25 Hand walking tuber crop harvester

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CN203105104U true CN203105104U (en) 2013-08-07

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CN2012207230176U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203105104U (en) 2012-12-25 2012-12-25 Hand walking tuber crop harvester

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103026852A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 青岛农业大学 Hand-held walking-type tuber crop harvester
CN104094723A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-15 大连交通大学 Potato digging machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103026852A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 青岛农业大学 Hand-held walking-type tuber crop harvester
CN103026852B (en) * 2012-12-25 2015-11-18 青岛农业大学 Hand-held walking-type tuber crop harvester
CN104094723A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-10-15 大连交通大学 Potato digging machine
CN104094723B (en) * 2014-07-21 2016-01-27 大连交通大学 Dig potato machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130807

Effective date of abandoning: 20151118

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130807

Effective date of abandoning: 20151118

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting