CN102823372A - Small crawler type tuber combine harvester - Google Patents

Small crawler type tuber combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102823372A
CN102823372A CN2012103384288A CN201210338428A CN102823372A CN 102823372 A CN102823372 A CN 102823372A CN 2012103384288 A CN2012103384288 A CN 2012103384288A CN 201210338428 A CN201210338428 A CN 201210338428A CN 102823372 A CN102823372 A CN 102823372A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
combine harvester
wheel
small
crawler type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012103384288A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋金琳
姜元志
龚丽农
郭发山
高德兴
连政国
殷元元
王学军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
QINGDAO HONGSHENG AUTO PARTS CO Ltd
Qingdao Agricultural University
Original Assignee
QINGDAO HONGSHENG AUTO PARTS CO Ltd
Qingdao Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by QINGDAO HONGSHENG AUTO PARTS CO Ltd, Qingdao Agricultural University filed Critical QINGDAO HONGSHENG AUTO PARTS CO Ltd
Priority to CN2012103384288A priority Critical patent/CN102823372A/en
Publication of CN102823372A publication Critical patent/CN102823372A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a small crawler type tuber combine harvester which comprises a power walking mechanism, wherein an excavation mechanism and a conveying and cleaning mechanism are arranged on the power walking mechanism; the excavation mechanism is located in front of the conveying and cleaning mechanism and fixedly connected to the conveying and cleaning mechanism; the power walking mechanism comprises a crawler type walking chassis on which a gearbox is arranged; the gearbox is connected with a belt pulley through a belt; the belt is connected with a driving rotation shaft through a driving wheel; the conveying and cleaning mechanism comprises a conveying device, a support wheel and an intermediate shaft; the support wheel and the intermediate shaft are used for bearing the conveying device; and the conveying device comprises a plurality of conveying chains and is connected with the crawler type walking chassis through the driving rotation shaft. The small crawler type tuber combine harvester has the beneficial effects that by using the crawler type walking chassis, stepless speed change walking is realized, the center of gravity of the whole harvester is low, the safety coefficient is high and the miniaturization and compaction of the harvester are conveniently realized; and by using a sing-step conveying chain structure, the combination process of excavation, separation, cleaning and box collection is realized.

Description

Small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester
Technical field
The invention belongs to the agricultural machinery field, relate to the harvest machinery of tuber crops such as a kind of potato, pachyrhizus, be specifically related to a kind of small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester.
Background technology
At present, common potato type harvesting machinery mainly comprises excavator and combined harvester two major types both at home and abroad.Digger of potatoes excavates and is collected as the segmentation operation, needs manual secondary to pick up, and mechanization degree is low, and labour intensity is still bigger.Combined harvester can be realized excavating, separate, carries, collects box function operating efficiency height, but belong to big-and-middle-sized facility, and machinery is bulky, and fuselage weight is big, and use cost is high, and mating power is big, is fit to be applied to big plot, concentrated planting area.And in China, arable area is nervous, therefore, the plantation tuber crops be mostly hills and area, mountain region, the plot is less, potato combine harvester is difficult to application.
Patent 200910139566.1 discloses a kind of " staged packaging type potato combine harvester ", and the described potato combine harvester of this patent can once be accomplished operations such as tuber crops excavation, the separation of native potato, stem stalk, weeds and mulch film separate, the potato piece is carried elevator, potato block-grading, collection pack; Can be easily and 45~58.8KW tractor, adapt to the operation of medium plot.Yet the conveying mechanism that this patent adopts comprises two-stage soil potato separate transfer, and volume is still bigger; And what adopt is the pattern that tractor-drawn provides power, is unfavorable on the hills more, the small-sized plot in mountain area uses.
Summary of the invention
To prior art problems, the invention provides a kind of potato combine harvester of miniaturization, be convenient in the potato type harvesting of medium and small plot growing areas such as hills, mountain area, use.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester; Comprise power walking mechanism; Said power walking mechanism is provided with mining structure and carries dressing mechanism, and said digging mechanism is positioned at the place ahead of carrying dressing mechanism, and is fixed on the conveying dressing mechanism; Said power walking mechanism comprises the crawler-type traveling chassis, and said crawler-type traveling chassis is provided with gearbox, and said gearbox links to each other with belt wheel through belt, and said belt wheel links to each other with the driving rotating shaft through driving wheel; Said conveying dressing mechanism comprises conveying plant, support wheel and jackshaft, and said support wheel and jackshaft carry conveying plant, and said conveying plant comprises many carrier chains, links to each other with the crawler-type traveling chassis through driving rotating shaft.
Preferably, said crawler-type traveling also is provided with hydraulic jack on the chassis, and said hydraulic jack links to each other with support wheel through jackshaft.
Preferably, the both sides of said conveying dressing mechanism are provided with baffle plate, and said baffle plate is provided with a plurality of support rollers that are used for carrying and conveying device.
Preferably, the outside of said conveying dressing mechanism is provided with detachably, the base plate of folding and unfolding, and said base plate is provided with collection potato case.
Preferably, said digging mechanism comprises guiding gauge wheel, digger blade and digger blade fixed head, and said digger blade comprises the shovel body and excavation cutter hub of band raster.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
(1) the present invention adopts the crawler-type traveling base apparatus, has realized the infinitely variable speeds walking, and soil adhesion is strong, is fit to the landform of multiple complicacy, and operation is stable, and speed governing is convenient; Adopt crawler-type traveling domain device in addition, with the apparatus in comparison that adopts rubber-tyred walking domain, machine gravity is low, good stability when transportation is with operation in the mountain area, and the safety coefficient height also is convenient to the miniaturization and the densification of the equipment of realizing;
(2) conveying dressing mechanism of the present invention adopts single-stage carrier chain structure; Carrier chain carries out operation through the power of gearbox transmission; And can be convenient to the manual sorting and collect case according to the speed of service of the needs of operation adjustment carrier chain, realized the integration of operation of excavation, separation, sorting, collection case; Compare with the existing potato combine harvester of secondary and above carrier chain structure that adopts, simple in structure, realized the miniaturization and the densification of equipment, and will carry with sorting and carry out simultaneously, improved operating efficiency.
(3) digging mechanism of the present invention is fixed on conveying and please selects mechanism, can realize elevating function through the hydraulic jack that is fixed on the chassis, can be according to the actual conditions adjustment excavating depth on operation ground.
(4) the present invention is provided with base plate detachable, collapsible folding and unfolding in the outside of delivering sorting mechanism, and the go-on-go personnel's collects the potato case with placing up and down when being convenient to operation; This base plate can draw in after the operation, further reduces the volume of equipment after the gathering, is convenient to be transferred to other operation plot.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is a vertical view of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is done further explanation.
Small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester comprises power walking mechanism, and said power walking mechanism is provided with mining structure and carries dressing mechanism, and said digging mechanism is positioned at the place ahead of carrying dressing mechanism, and is fixed on the conveying dressing mechanism.Said power walking mechanism comprises crawler-type traveling chassis 6, and said crawler-type traveling chassis 6 is provided with gearbox 8, and said gearbox 8 links to each other with belt wheel 10 through belt 9, and said belt wheel 10 links to each other with driving rotating shaft 12 through driving wheel 11.Said conveying dressing mechanism comprises conveying plant, support wheel 4 and jackshaft 15, said support wheel 4 and jackshaft 15 carrying and conveying devices, and said conveying plant comprises many carrier chains 13, links to each other with crawler-type traveling chassis 6 through driving rotating shaft 12.Also be provided with hydraulic jack 5 on the said crawler-type traveling chassis 6, said hydraulic jack 5 links to each other with support wheel 4 through jackshaft 15.Said digging mechanism comprises guiding gauge wheel 1, digger blade 2 and digger blade fixed head 3, and said digger blade 2 comprises the shovel body and excavation cutter hub of band raster.
Before operation, according to the actual conditions of plot and crops, through the height of hydraulic jack adjustment guiding gauge wheel 1.During operation, the power that crawler-type traveling chassis 6 transfers out flows to driving wheel 11 through belt 8 and belt wheel 9 after slowing down through gearbox 7, and driving wheel 11 drives the conveying function that carrier chain 13 is accomplished the potato class through driving rotating shaft 12.Carry the front end of dressing mechanism to be provided with support wheel 4 and jackshaft 15, said support wheel 4 is used to carry carrier chain 13 with jackshaft 15.Digging mechanism can rotate around jackshaft 15 with carrying dressing mechanism, and through being fixed on the hydraulic jack 5 control height on the crawler-type traveling chassis 6, to realize its lifting and decline.Under the driving of driving wheel 11, the conveying plant that carrier chain 13 is formed is in the carrying motion down of jackshaft 15 and support wheel 4, and the potato class is with carrier chain 13 motions, the potato class big portion earth removal of carrying at the volley; On the baffle plate of carrying the dressing mechanism both sides, also be provided with the support roller that carries carrier chain 13.Carrying the dressing mechanism outside, be provided with base plate 14 detachable, folding and unfolding, supplying manpower to take and place collection potato case 7, so that artificial go-on-go potato fruit, collection case.

Claims (5)

1. small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester; Comprise power walking mechanism; Said power walking mechanism is provided with mining structure and carries dressing mechanism, and said digging mechanism is positioned at the place ahead of carrying dressing mechanism, and is fixed on the conveying dressing mechanism; It is characterized in that: said power walking mechanism comprises crawler-type traveling chassis (6); Said crawler-type traveling chassis (6) is provided with gearbox (8), and said gearbox (8) links to each other with belt wheel (10) through belt (9), and said belt wheel (10) links to each other with driving rotating shaft (12) through driving wheel (11); Said conveying dressing mechanism comprises conveying plant, support wheel (4) and jackshaft (15); Said support wheel (4) and jackshaft (15) carrying and conveying device; Said conveying plant comprises many carrier chains (13), and links to each other with crawler-type traveling chassis (6) through driving rotating shaft (12).
2. small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with hydraulic jack (5) on the said crawler-type traveling chassis (6), said hydraulic jack (5) links to each other with support wheel (4) through jackshaft (15).
3. small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the both sides of said conveying dressing mechanism are provided with baffle plate, and said baffle plate is provided with a plurality of support rollers that are used for carrying and conveying device.
4. small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the outside of said conveying dressing mechanism is provided with detachably, the base plate of folding and unfolding (14), and said base plate (14) is provided with collection potato case (7).
5. according to any described small-sized caterpillar belt formula potato combine harvester of claim 1-4; It is characterized in that: said digging mechanism comprises guiding gauge wheel (1), digger blade (2) and digger blade fixed head (3), and said digger blade (2) comprises the shovel body and excavation cutter hub of band raster.
CN2012103384288A 2012-09-14 2012-09-14 Small crawler type tuber combine harvester Pending CN102823372A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103026852A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 青岛农业大学 Hand-held walking-type tuber crop harvester
CN106134609A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 湖北运银实业有限公司 A kind of self-propelled potato combine harvester
CN115024075A (en) * 2022-07-08 2022-09-09 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Potato crop combine harvester

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0547885A1 (en) * 1991-12-17 1993-06-23 Kobashi Kogyo Co., Ltd. Harvester for agricultural products
JP2003250319A (en) * 2002-03-04 2003-09-09 Kobashi Kogyo Co Ltd Agricultural product harvester
CN101053298A (en) * 2007-06-07 2007-10-17 江友文 Garlic and peanut digging machine
CN201789762U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-04-13 兖州市凯兴工矿机械有限责任公司 Potato harvester
CN102027829A (en) * 2010-10-14 2011-04-27 张国利 Interplanted potato harvester
CN201869553U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-06-22 边连玉 Potato harvester
CN202232148U (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-05-30 青岛农业大学 Elastic digging shovel type potato harvester
CN203289889U (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-11-20 青岛农业大学 Small crawler type tuber combine harvester

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0547885A1 (en) * 1991-12-17 1993-06-23 Kobashi Kogyo Co., Ltd. Harvester for agricultural products
JP2003250319A (en) * 2002-03-04 2003-09-09 Kobashi Kogyo Co Ltd Agricultural product harvester
CN101053298A (en) * 2007-06-07 2007-10-17 江友文 Garlic and peanut digging machine
CN201789762U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-04-13 兖州市凯兴工矿机械有限责任公司 Potato harvester
CN201869553U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-06-22 边连玉 Potato harvester
CN102027829A (en) * 2010-10-14 2011-04-27 张国利 Interplanted potato harvester
CN202232148U (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-05-30 青岛农业大学 Elastic digging shovel type potato harvester
CN203289889U (en) * 2012-09-14 2013-11-20 青岛农业大学 Small crawler type tuber combine harvester

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103026852A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 青岛农业大学 Hand-held walking-type tuber crop harvester
CN103026852B (en) * 2012-12-25 2015-11-18 青岛农业大学 Hand-held walking-type tuber crop harvester
CN106134609A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 湖北运银实业有限公司 A kind of self-propelled potato combine harvester
CN115024075A (en) * 2022-07-08 2022-09-09 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Potato crop combine harvester
CN115024075B (en) * 2022-07-08 2023-04-21 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Tuber crop combine harvester

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Application publication date: 20121219