CN202806663U - Coach provided with emergency escape door - Google Patents

Coach provided with emergency escape door Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202806663U
CN202806663U CN2012204553664U CN201220455366U CN202806663U CN 202806663 U CN202806663 U CN 202806663U CN 2012204553664 U CN2012204553664 U CN 2012204553664U CN 201220455366 U CN201220455366 U CN 201220455366U CN 202806663 U CN202806663 U CN 202806663U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
escape door
passenger vehicle
emergency
car body
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012204553664U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈福昌
Original Assignee
沈福昌
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 沈福昌 filed Critical 沈福昌
Priority to CN2012204553664U priority Critical patent/CN202806663U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202806663U publication Critical patent/CN202806663U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a coach provided with an emergency escape door. The emergency escape door is arranged at the side wall of the bodywork of the coach, with the bottom being hinged with the side wall of the bodywork. The coach is further provided with an escape door opening device which is capable of automatically opening the escape door in case of collision or manually opening the escape door in case of emergency. The escape door opening device comprises a spring bolt, a pressure spring, a wire rope, a gravity block and a control handle. The spring bolt, the pressure spring, the wire rope and the gravity block are arranged in the side wall of the bodywork; a groove matching with the spring bolt is arranged on the escape door; the spring bolt is inserted into the groove; the pressure spring is sleeved on the wire rope and two ends of the pressure spring respectively prop against the spring bolt and the side wall of the bodywork; one end of the wire rope is fixedly connected with the spring bolt and the other end is connected with the control handle; the gravity block is fixedly installed on the wire rope; and the control handle is installed in a cab of the coach. The coach is simple in structure and convenient to operate, and in case of collision or other emergent situations, the escape door can be opened rapidly to enable the driver and the passengers to escape.

Description

A kind of passenger vehicle with emergency escape door

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of vehicle with safety device, especially relates to a kind of public transport or long-distance bus with emergency escape door.

Background technology

Passenger vehicle is the more vehicle of manned amount, and existing passenger vehicle only arranges one or two car doors usually in the one or both sides of car body.When passenger vehicle runs into bump or during other emergency situation, car door probably is subject to deformed damaged or obstruction and can't opens, and can't evacuate timely and effectively like this passenger in the passenger vehicle, and the personnel of requiring assistance can't in time sue and labour, and rescues people's time thereby affect the best adversely.Day by day universal along with air-conditioned coach particularly, the vehicle window of many passenger vehicles has carried out encapsulation process usually, in case car door goes wrong like this, has just blocked the outlet in compartment fully, has therefore brought more potential safety hazard, even has caused even more serious casualty accident.

For eliminating safe hidden trouble and avoiding injures and deaths, some technical personnels have designed a kind of automobile with emergency escape door at present, such as Chinese utility model patent, the patent No. is ZL200820049459.0, name is called the disclosed a kind of structure of escape door apparatus of automobile, it comprises the escape key, escape key linkage and roof door bolt, the escape key is connected with resistance spring, the escape key is connected with escape key linkage, escape key linkage is connected with the latch of car door roof door bolt, escape key linkage is connected with Door Lock, and escape key linkage is connected with solution buckle of safety belt steel wire, and solution buckle of safety belt steel wire and the safety strap button that releases is connected.Described escape key linkage comprises inclined-plane, the trace that is arranged on corresponding inclined-plane, dwang, turning cylinder and the firm banking that is arranged on the escape key, corresponding inclined-plane with trace, the inclined-plane movable contact of escape key, trace is connected with an end of dwang by turning cylinder, dwang is movably arranged on the firm banking by turning cylinder, the other end of dwang and release steel wire be connected the pin steel wire to be connected.The automobile of this employing emergency escape door, although under emergency situation, can make the passenger in the car flee from dangerous situation by the mode of opening emergency exits, but because the structure of escape door device is too complicated and loaded down with trivial details in this automobile, and performance is unreliable, manufacturing cost is high, inconvenient operation, thereby be not applied socially.

Summary of the invention

The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of passenger vehicle with emergency escape door is provided, bump or other emergency situation when occuring in this passenger vehicle, not only emergency exits can be opened rapidly, thereby the driving staff is out of danger fast, and stable and reliable for performance, easy to operate, simple in structure.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts a kind of like this passenger vehicle with emergency escape door, the car body sidewall of this passenger vehicle is provided with the emergency escape door, bottom and the car body of described emergency exits are side walls hinged, can automatically open described emergency exits or the emergency exits opening device of the described emergency exits of manual unlocking when emergent when bump occurs but this passenger vehicle also is provided with one.

As a kind of preferred implementation of the present utility model, described emergency exits opening device comprises dead bolt, stage clip, steel rope, gravity block and signaling handle; Described dead bolt, stage clip, steel rope and gravity block are arranged in the car body sidewall, described emergency exits be provided with one with the suitable groove of described dead bolt, described dead bolt inserts in the described groove, described compression spring sleeve is contained on the described steel rope, the two ends of this stage clip offset with described dead bolt, car body sidewall respectively, one end of described steel rope is captiveed joint with described dead bolt, the other end of steel rope links to each other with described signaling handle, described gravity block is fixedly mounted on the described steel rope, and described signaling handle is installed in the operator's compartment of passenger vehicle.

As a kind of improvement of the present utility model, be provided with torsion spring in the hinged place of described emergency exits bottom and car body sidewall, the two ends of this torsion spring lean with described car body sidewall, emergency exits respectively.

In the utility model, on the car body sidewall of described passenger vehicle, also be provided with guide groove, described gravity block places in the described guide groove slidably.

Emergency exits of the present utility model preferably have 2~8 fans and are arranged on the car body sidewall of passenger vehicle both sides.

After adopting said structure, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:

Because the utility model is provided with the emergency exits opening device that can automatically open emergency exits or manual unlocking emergency exits, this opening device preferably is made of dead bolt, stage clip, steel rope, gravity block and signaling handle, therefore, when the bump accidents such as vehicle knocks into the back, gravity block travels forward together because effect of inertia drives steel rope, when travelling forward, steel rope drives the pressure disengaging groove that dead bolt overcomes stage clip, thereby emergency exits are opened in the situation that does not have artificial manipulation automatically, and the driving staff can escape from from emergency exits and be out of danger like this; When the emergency situations such as vehicle fire, chaufeur can pull with hand signaling handle or adopt alternate manner as rotating signaling handle steel rope to be travelled forward, the pulling dead bolt overcame the pressure disengaging groove of stage clip when steel rope travelled forward, thereby open rapidly emergency exits, the driving staff can escape from from emergency exits and be out of danger like this.

Because the hinged place at emergency exits bottom and car body sidewall is provided with torsion spring, the two ends of this torsion spring offset with car body sidewall, emergency exits respectively, therefore, and when dead bolt breaks away from groove, described torsion spring can make more quickly upset downwards of emergency exits open, thereby the driving staff can be out of danger more quickly.

Because the car body sidewall at passenger vehicle arranges guide groove, described gravity block places in the guide groove slidably.Such structure can guarantee that gravity block can travel forward more reliably when passenger vehicle generation bump accident makes dead bolt break away from groove, thereby the serviceability that guarantees the emergency exits opening device is more reliable and more stable.

Emergency exits opening device of the present utility model is simple in structure, easy to operate, dependable performance.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.

Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation that the utlity model has emergency escape hanger-on car.

Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of emergency exits under opening in the utility model.

Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of emergency exits opening device in the utility model.

The specific embodiment

Referring to a kind of passenger vehicle with emergency escape door shown in Fig. 1,2 and 3, the car body sidewall 1 of this passenger vehicle is provided with emergency escape door 2, the bottom of described emergency exits 2 is hinged by hinge 9 and car body sidewall 1, can automatically open described emergency exits 2 or the emergency exits opening device of the described emergency exits 2 of manual unlocking when emergent when bump occurs but this passenger vehicle also is provided with one.

As a kind of preferred implementation of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 3, described emergency exits opening device comprises dead bolt 3, stage clip 4, steel rope 5, gravity block 6 and signaling handle 7; Described dead bolt 3, stage clip 4, steel rope 5 and gravity block 6 are arranged in the car body sidewall 1, described emergency exits 2 be provided with one with the suitable groove 2-1 of described dead bolt 3, described dead bolt 3 inserts in the described groove 2-1, described stage clip 4 is sleeved on the described steel rope 5, the two ends of this stage clip 4 respectively with described dead bolt 3, car body sidewall 1 offsets, one end of described steel rope 5 is captiveed joint with described dead bolt 3, the other end of steel rope 5 links to each other with described signaling handle 7, described gravity block 6 is fixedly mounted on the described steel rope 5, and described signaling handle 7 is installed in the operator's compartment of passenger vehicle.Shown in Fig. 1,3, described signaling handle 7 is installed in the operator's compartment slidably at vertical direction, certainly, but also horizontal positioned and installing in the operator's compartment rotationally of described signaling handle 7.In the utility model, described emergency exits opening device also can adopt other structure, for example can adopt commercially available common lockset, steel rope, gravity block and signaling handle, one end of steel rope links to each other with the knob of lockset, the other end links to each other with described signaling handle 7, other structure is identical with the first embodiment, not shown in the figures with installation.

As shown in Figure 1, the utility model also is provided with torsion spring 8 in the hinged place of emergency exits 2 bottoms and car body sidewall 1, and the two ends of this torsion spring 8 lean with described car body sidewall 1, emergency exits 2 respectively.When in a single day dead bolt 3 broke away from groove 2-1, described torsion spring 8 can make more quickly upset downwards of emergency exits 2 open, thereby the driving staff can be out of danger more quickly like this.

For gravity block 6 can be travelled forward when the passenger vehicle generation bump accident more reliably, thereby make dead bolt 3 break away from groove 2-1, the utility model arranges guide groove 1-1 at the car body sidewall 1 of passenger vehicle, and described gravity block 6 places in the described guide groove 1-1, shown in Fig. 1,3 slidably.

As shown in Figure 2, the utility model also arranges step 11 at the back side of emergency exits 2, more convenient like this driving staff's escape.

The utility model can preferably arrange 2~8 casement escape doors 2 according to the passenger vehicle size, and these emergency exits 2 are arranged on the car body sidewall 1 of passenger vehicle both sides.When implementing, the opening device of adjacent two casement escape doors 2 preferably is cascaded, shown in Fig. 1,3, the opening device of adjacent two casement escape doors 2 can be welded and fixed with the steel rope 5 of front fan by steel rope 5 front ends of rear fan and be connected, thereby the opening device of two casement escape doors 2 is cascaded, in addition, can track adjusting wheel 10 be set in each corner of steel rope 5.

The utility model under normal circumstances, as shown in Figure 1, stage clip 4 is pressed on dead bolt 3 in the groove 2-1, described emergency exits 2 are in closed condition; And when the bump accidents such as in a single day vehicle knocks into the back, gravity block 6 travels forward together because effect of inertia drives steel rope 5, when travelling forward, steel rope 5 drives the pressure disengaging groove 2-1 that dead bolt 3 overcomes stage clip 4, thereby emergency exits 2 are opened automatically, and the driving staff can escape from from emergency exits 2 and be out of danger like this; When the emergency situations such as vehicle fire, chaufeur can pull with hand signaling handle 7 or rotate signaling handle 7 steel rope 5 is travelled forward, pulling dead bolt 3 overcame the pressure disengaging groove 2-1 of stage clip 4 when steel rope 5 travelled forward, thereby open rapidly emergency exits 2, the driving staff can escape from from emergency exits 2 and be out of danger like this.

Claims (5)

1. passenger vehicle with emergency escape door, the car body sidewall (1) of this passenger vehicle is provided with emergency escape door (2), it is characterized in that: the bottom of described emergency exits (2) and car body sidewall (1) are hinged, this passenger vehicle also be provided with one when bump occurs, can automatically open described emergency exits (2) but or when emergent the emergency exits opening device of the described emergency exits of manual unlocking (2).
2. the passenger vehicle with emergency escape door according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described emergency exits opening device comprises dead bolt (3), stage clip (4), steel rope (5), gravity block (6) and signaling handle (7); Described dead bolt (3), stage clip (4), steel rope (5) and gravity block (6) are arranged in the car body sidewall (1), described emergency exits (2) be provided with one with the suitable groove (2-1) of described dead bolt (3), described dead bolt (3) inserts in the described groove (2-1), described stage clip (4) is sleeved on the described steel rope (5), the two ends of this stage clip (4) respectively with described dead bolt (3), car body sidewall (1) offsets, one end of described steel rope (5) is captiveed joint with described dead bolt (3), the other end of steel rope (5) links to each other with described signaling handle (7), described gravity block (6) is fixedly mounted on the described steel rope (5), and described signaling handle (7) is installed in the operator's compartment of passenger vehicle.
3. the passenger vehicle with emergency escape door according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the hinged place at described emergency exits (2) bottom and car body sidewall (1) also is provided with torsion spring (8), and the two ends of this torsion spring (8) lean with described car body sidewall (1), emergency exits (2) respectively.
4. the passenger vehicle with emergency escape door according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: also be provided with guide groove (1-1) on the car body sidewall (1) of described passenger vehicle, described gravity block (6) places in the described guide groove (1-1) slidably.
5. each described passenger vehicle with emergency escape door in 4 according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described emergency exits (2) have 2~8 fans and are arranged on the car body sidewall (1) of passenger vehicle both sides.
CN2012204553664U 2012-09-10 2012-09-10 Coach provided with emergency escape door CN202806663U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012204553664U CN202806663U (en) 2012-09-10 2012-09-10 Coach provided with emergency escape door

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012204553664U CN202806663U (en) 2012-09-10 2012-09-10 Coach provided with emergency escape door

Publications (1)

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CN202806663U true CN202806663U (en) 2013-03-20

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CN2012204553664U CN202806663U (en) 2012-09-10 2012-09-10 Coach provided with emergency escape door

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103448811A (en) * 2013-09-23 2013-12-18 鲁茂 Two-side-openable bus
CN103448658A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-18 罗晓晖 Openable side wall combination of large passenger car
CN103465756A (en) * 2012-08-27 2013-12-25 摩尔动力(北京)技术股份有限公司 Safe passenger car
CN104097488A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-15 山东宏康机械制造有限公司 Bus
CN104290733A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-21 广东亿纬赛恩斯新能源系统有限公司 Escape method for vehicle fire breakout and vehicle adopting method
CN104372573A (en) * 2014-05-29 2015-02-25 苏州工业园区永达五金电器厂 Door hinge for washing machine
CN107060579A (en) * 2017-01-15 2017-08-18 杨长群 Suspension bridge type car emergency exits
CN107757311A (en) * 2016-08-15 2018-03-06 黄志宽 Vehicle window

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103465756A (en) * 2012-08-27 2013-12-25 摩尔动力(北京)技术股份有限公司 Safe passenger car
CN103448658A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-18 罗晓晖 Openable side wall combination of large passenger car
CN103448811A (en) * 2013-09-23 2013-12-18 鲁茂 Two-side-openable bus
CN104372573A (en) * 2014-05-29 2015-02-25 苏州工业园区永达五金电器厂 Door hinge for washing machine
CN104097488A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-15 山东宏康机械制造有限公司 Bus
CN104290733A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-21 广东亿纬赛恩斯新能源系统有限公司 Escape method for vehicle fire breakout and vehicle adopting method
CN107757311A (en) * 2016-08-15 2018-03-06 黄志宽 Vehicle window
CN107060579A (en) * 2017-01-15 2017-08-18 杨长群 Suspension bridge type car emergency exits

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