CN202773371U - Mower for orchard - Google Patents

Mower for orchard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202773371U
CN202773371U CN 201220470867 CN201220470867U CN202773371U CN 202773371 U CN202773371 U CN 202773371U CN 201220470867 CN201220470867 CN 201220470867 CN 201220470867 U CN201220470867 U CN 201220470867U CN 202773371 U CN202773371 U CN 202773371U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
gear
walking
axles
cutting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220470867
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘俊峰
李建平
胡建良
李杰银
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hebei Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Hebei Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hebei Agricultural University filed Critical Hebei Agricultural University
Priority to CN 201220470867 priority Critical patent/CN202773371U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202773371U publication Critical patent/CN202773371U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a mower for an orchard. The mower consists of an engine, a soldering frame, a front wheel, a rear wheel, a gearbox, a mowing device, a stubble height adjustment device, a cutter tensioning device and a travelling operation control device. The mower for an orchard can travel conveniently in the orchard to realize mowing operation among rows of fruit trees, and the stubble height can be adjusted according to requirements of the orchard, so that the labor intensity of orchard workers can be effectively reduced, and the farming operation efficiency for orchard mowing can be improved.

Description

Scythe
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of scythe, especially has adjustable, the self-propelled scythe of cutting height.
Background technology
The method of orchard weeding has artificial and mechanical means, and artificial weeding adopts instrument mowing or the uprooting weed such as reaping hook, causes cursive script root system and near soil structure thereof to destroy; Weeding by machine's method can realize that by brush saw or mower cotton rope need in time be changed during the operation of brush saw employing cotton rope formula, and facility vibrate greatly when adopting the cutter head type operation, and operator's labour intensity of bearing brush saw is large.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above deficiency and adapt to modern Apple Dwarf Stocks High Density Planting Orchard farming management operations needs, and a kind of the have power of walking, self-propelled scythe that cutting height is adjustable are provided.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: scythe is comprised of engine, seam frame, front-wheel, trailing wheel, gearbox, mowing-apparatus, cutting height adjusting device, cutterhead tensioning apparatus, walking operation controller.The seam frame consists of by armrest system, housiung separator, front-wheel support, and engine is installed in top, seam frame rear portion.Gearbox is connected in seam frame lower rear by bracing or strutting arrangement, and gearbox is connected with trailing wheel respectively by two axles, three axles, and two axles, three axles are semiaxis.Gearbox is made of gear box casing, walking power input shaft group, an axle group, two axle groups, three axle groups, four axle groups, differential mechanism.Walking power input shaft group is made of walking operation belt wheel, walking power input shaft, worm screw, walking operation belt wheel connects the axle head that is loaded on the walking power input shaft by key, be arranged in the worm screw at walking power input shaft middle part and the normal engaged transmission of turbine of an axle group, the walking power input shaft is fixed in gear box casing by bearing; One axle group is made of an axle, turbine, back gear, slow shelves operation gear, fast shelves operation gear, turbine is loaded on an axle by the key connection, back gear in the one axle group is loaded on axle middle part, slow shelves operation gear in the one axle group and the shelves operation gear of be connected connect by key and are loaded on an axle, the slow shelves operation gear in the axle group and the fast shelves operation gear formation cone pulley of shifting gears; Two axle groups are made of two axles, back gear, slow shelves operation gear, differential casing, bevel gear, back gear in the two axle groups is loaded on two axles by the key connection, differential casing is fixed on the slow shelves operation gear in the two axle groups, and the bevel gear in the two axle groups is connected and fixed on two shaft ends by key; Three axle groups are made of three axles, bevel gear, fast shelves operation gear, and the bevel gear in the three axle groups is connected and fixed on three shaft ends by key; Four axle groups are made of four axles, reverse gear idle wheel, and the reverse gear idle wheel is connected and fixed on four axles by key, and the back gear in reverse gear idle wheel and the axle group often meshes; Differential mechanism is made of differential casing, bevel gear, bevel gear idle wheel, axle of carrier pulley.Mowing-apparatus is made of cutting operation belt wheel, cutting operation line shaft, sleeve, cutterhead, blade, cutterhead guard shield, the cutting operation belt wheel is connected and fixed on cutting operation line shaft end by key, blade is bolted and is fixed in cutterhead, cutterhead is welded in the cutting operation line shaft, and sleeve is rigidly connected in the height regulating base board.The cutting height adjusting device is made of height regulating handle, height adjusting yoke, moving block, height regulating base board, spring, and height adjusting yoke two ends connect height regulating handle and moving block.The cutterhead tensioning apparatus is made of cutting operation clutch handle, rocking bar, push rod, and the rocking bar two ends are bolted cutting operation clutch handle and push rod.The walking operation controller is made of walking operation clutch handle, walking operation pull bar, walking operation clutch belt wheel, and walking operation pull bar two ends connect walking operation clutch handle and walking operation clutch belt wheel.
Principle of the present utility model is: the power of engine is passed to mowing-apparatus and gearbox by the power output pulley through the V-belt.Pull walking operation clutch handle by walking operation pull bar tensioning walking operation clutch belt wheel, make the transmission of engine power band reach the walking power input shaft; To the walk power of power input shaft of worm screw by walking power input shaft group and the turbine engaged transmission of an axle group reaches an axle; Pulling the gear position operation device makes the slow shelves operation gear of an axle group and the slow shelves operation gear engagement of two axle groups realize the slow shelves of mower cutting operation; Pulling the gear position operation device makes the fast shelves operation gear of an axle group and the fast shelves operation gear engagement of three axle groups realize the fast shelves of mower cutting operation; The reverse gear idle wheel of the back gear of one axle group and four axle groups often meshes, and pulls the gear position operation device back gear of two axle groups and the reverse gear idle wheel engagement realization mower reverse gear of four axle groups are travelled.Pull the height regulating handle to different draw-in grooves position, drive the moving block swing by the height adjusting yoke mowing-apparatus is regulated with height regulating base board lifting realization cutting height.Pull the cutting operation clutch handle through rocking bar, push rod with the V-belt tensioning, make the transmission of engine power band reach mowing-apparatus, the cutting operation belt wheel rotarily drives the rotation of cutting operation line shaft, cutterhead, blade rotates with cutterhead and realizes cutting operation.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that scythe can be walked convenient in the orchard, realizes fruit tree cutting operation in the ranks, and is adjustable according to orchard needs cutting height, effectively alleviates orchard worker's labour intensity, improves orchard mowing farming operating efficiency.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is gearbox designs schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is gearbox transmission expanded view of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is vertical view of the present utility model.
1. height regulating handle, 2. armrest system, 3. engines among the figure, 4. walking operation belt wheel, 5. moving block, 6. height regulating base board, 7. V-belt, 8. V-belt, 9. cutting operation line shaft, 10. cutting operation belt wheel, 11. springs, 12. front-wheel supports, 13. front-wheel, 14. sleeves, 15. cutterheads, 16. blade, 17. cutterhead guard shields, 18. trailing wheels, 19. gearbox, 20. housiung separators, 21. power output pulleys, 22. turbine, 23. worm screws, 24. walking operation clutch belt wheels, 25. gear box casing, 26. back gears, 27. back gears, 28. slow shelves operation gear, 29. slow grades of operation gears, 30. fast grades of operation gears, 31. fast shelves operation gear, 32. the bevel gear idle wheel, 33. bevel gear idle wheels, 34. 3 axles, 35. bevel gear, 36. four axles, 37. reverse gear idle wheels, 38. bevel gears, 39. two axles, 40. an axle, 41. differential casings, 42. walking operation clutch handles, 43. walking operation pull bar, 44. the height adjusting yoke, 45. cutting operation clutch handles, 46. gear position operation devices, 47. rocking bar, 48. push rod, 49. axle of carrier pulley, 50. walking power input shafts.
Embodiment
Be an embodiment of the present utility model with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, scythe is comprised of engine 3, seam frame, front-wheel 13, trailing wheel 18, gearbox 19, mowing-apparatus, cutting height adjusting device, cutterhead tensioning apparatus, walking operation controller.The seam frame consists of by armrest system 2, housiung separator 20, front-wheel support 12, and engine 3 is installed in top, seam frame rear portion, and the power of engine 37,8 is passed to mowing-apparatus and gearbox 19 by power output pulley 21 through the V-belt.
Gearbox 19 is connected in seam frame lower rear by bracing or strutting arrangement, and gearbox 19 is connected with trailing wheel 18 respectively by two axles 39, three axles 34, and two axles 39, three axles 34 are semiaxis.Gearbox 19 is made of gear box casing 25, walking power input shaft group, an axle group, two axle groups, three axle groups, four axle groups, differential mechanism.Walking power input shaft group is made of walking operation belt wheel 4, walking power input shaft 50, worm screw 23, walking operation belt wheel 4 connects the axle head that is loaded on walking power input shaft 50 by key, be arranged in the worm screw 23 at walking power input shaft 50 middle parts and the turbine 22 normal engaged transmission of an axle group, walking power input shaft 50 is fixed in gear box casing 25 by bearing; One axle group is made of an axle 40, turbine 22, back gear 26, slow shelves operation gear 28, fast shelves operation gear 30, turbine 22 is loaded on an axle 40 by the key connection, back gear 26 in the one axle group is loaded on an axle 40 middle parts, slow shelves operation gear 28 in the one axle group and the shelves operation gear 30 of be connected connect the slow shelves operation gear 28 that is loaded in an axle 40, the one axle groups and the fast shelves operation gear 30 formations cone pulleys of shifting gears by key; Two axle groups are made of two axles 39, back gear 27, slow shelves operation gear 29, differential casing 41, bevel gear 38, back gear 27 in the two axle groups is loaded on two axles 39 by the key connection, differential casing 41 is fixed on the slow shelves operation gear 29 in the two axle groups, and the bevel gear 38 in the two axle groups is connected and fixed on two axles, 39 ends by key; Three axle groups are made of three axles 34, bevel gear 35, fast shelves operation gear 31, and the bevel gear 35 in the three axle groups is connected and fixed on three axles, 34 ends by key; Four axle groups are made of four axles 36, reverse gear idle wheel 37, and reverse gear idle wheel 37 is connected and fixed on four axles 36 by key, and the back gear 26 in reverse gear idle wheel 37 and the axle group often meshes; Differential mechanism is made of differential casing 41, bevel gear 35 and 38, bevel gear idle wheel 32 and 33, axle of carrier pulley 49.The walking operation controller is made of walking operation clutch handle 42, walking operation pull bar 43, walking operation clutch belt wheel 24, and walking operation pull bar 43 two ends connect walking operation clutch handle 42 and walking operation clutch belt wheel 24.Pull walking operation clutch handle 42 by walking operation pull bar 43 tensionings walking operation clutch belt wheel 24, make engine 3 power band transmissions reach walking power input shaft 50; To the walk power of power input shaft 50 of worm screw 23 by walking power input shaft group and turbine 22 engaged transmission of an axle group reaches an axle 40; Pulling gear position operation device 46 makes the slow shelves operation gear 28 of an axle group and slow shelves operation gear 29 engagements of two axle groups realize the slow shelves of mower cutting operation; Pulling gear position operation device 46 makes the fast shelves operation gear 30 of an axle group and fast shelves operation gear 31 engagements of three axle groups realize the fast shelves of mower cutting operation; The reverse gear idle wheel 37 of the back gear 26 of one axle group and four axle groups often meshes, and pulls gear position operation device 46 back gear 27 of two axle groups and the reverse gear idle wheel 37 engagement realization mower reverse gears of four axle groups are travelled.
The cutting height adjusting device is made of height regulating handle 1, height adjusting yoke 44, moving block 5, height regulating base board 6, spring 11, and height adjusting yoke 44 two ends connect height regulating handle 1 and moving block 5.Pull height regulating handle 1 to different draw-in grooves position, drive moving block 5 swings by height adjusting yoke 44 and make mowing-apparatus with 6 liftings of height regulating base board, realize the cutting height adjusting.The cutterhead tensioning apparatus is made of cutting operation clutch handle 45, rocking bar 47, push rod 48, and rocking bar 48 two ends are bolted cutting operation clutch handle 45 and push rod 48; Mowing-apparatus is made of cutting operation belt wheel 10, cutting operation line shaft 9, sleeve 14, cutterhead 15, blade 16, cutterhead guard shield 17, cutting operation belt wheel 10 is connected and fixed on cutting operation line shaft 9 ends by key, blade 16 is bolted and is fixed in cutterhead 15, cutterhead 15 is welded in cutting operation line shaft 9, and sleeve 14 is rigidly connected in height regulating base board 6.Pull cutting operation clutch handle 45 through rocking bar 47, push rod 48 with V-belt 7 tensionings, make engine 3 power band transmissions reach mowing-apparatus, cutting operation belt wheel 10 rotarily drives cutting operation line shaft 9, cutterhead 15 rotations, and blade 16 rotates with cutterhead 15 and realizes cutting operation.

Claims (3)

1. scythe is comprised of engine (3), seam frame, front-wheel (13), trailing wheel (18), gearbox (19), mowing-apparatus, cutting height adjusting device, cutterhead tensioning apparatus, walking operation controller; The seam frame consists of by armrest system (2), housiung separator (20), front-wheel support (12), and engine (3) is installed in top, seam frame rear portion; Gearbox (19) is connected in seam frame lower rear by bracing or strutting arrangement, and gearbox (19) is connected with trailing wheel (18) respectively by two axles (39), three axles (34), and two axles (39), three axles (34) are semiaxis; Mowing-apparatus is made of cutting operation belt wheel (10), cutting operation line shaft (9), sleeve (14), cutterhead (15), blade (16), cutterhead guard shield (17), cutting operation belt wheel (10) is connected and fixed on cutting operation line shaft (9) end by key, blade (16) is bolted and is fixed in cutterhead (15), cutterhead (15) is welded in cutting operation line shaft (9), and sleeve (14) is rigidly connected in height regulating base board (6); The cutting height adjusting device is made of height regulating handle (1), height adjusting yoke (44), moving block (5), height regulating base board (6), spring (11), and height adjusting yoke (44) two ends connect height regulating handle (1) and moving block (5); The cutterhead tensioning apparatus is made of cutting operation clutch handle (45), rocking bar (47), push rod (48), and rocking bar (48) two ends are bolted cutting operation clutch handle (45) and push rod (48).
2. scythe according to claim 1 is characterized in that described gearbox (19) is made of gear box casing (25), walking power input shaft group, an axle group, two axle groups, three axle groups, four axle groups, differential mechanism; Walking power input shaft group is made of walking operation belt wheel (4), walking power input shaft (50), worm screw (23), walking operation belt wheel (4) connects the axle head that is loaded on walking power input shaft (50) by key, be arranged in the worm screw (23) and the normal engaged transmission of the turbine (22) of an axle group at walking power input shaft (50) middle part, walking power input shaft (50) is fixed in gear box casing (25) by bearing; One axle group is made of an axle (40), turbine (22), back gear (26), slow shelves operation gear (28), fast shelves operation gears (30), turbine (22) is loaded on an axle (40) by the key connection, back gear (26) in the one axle group is loaded on an axle (40) middle part, slow shelves operation gears (28) in the one axle group and the shelves operation gears (30) of be connected connect by key and are loaded on an axle (40), the slow shelves operation gear (28) in the axle group and fast grade of operation gears (30) formation cone pulley of shifting gears; Two axle groups are made of two axles (39), back gear (27), slow shelves operation gear (29), differential casing (41), bevel gear (38), back gear (27) in the two axle groups is loaded on two axles (39) by the key connection, differential casing (41) is fixed on the slow shelves operation gears (29) in the two axle groups, and the bevel gear (38) in the two axle groups is connected and fixed on two axles (39) end by key; Three axle groups are made of three axles (34), bevel gear (35), fast shelves operation gears (31), and the bevel gear (35) in the three axle groups is connected and fixed on three axles (34) end by key; Four axle groups are made of four axles (36), reverse gear idle wheel (37), and reverse gear idle wheel (37) is connected and fixed on four axles (36) by key, reverse gear idle wheel (37) and the normal engagement of the back gear (26) in the axle group; Differential mechanism is made of differential casing (41), bevel gear (35,38), bevel gear idle wheel (32,33), axle of carrier pulley (49).
3. scythe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described walking operation controller is made of walking operation clutch handle (42), walking operation pull bar (43), walking operation clutch belt wheel (24), walking operation pull bar (43) two ends connect walking operation clutch handle (42) and walking operation clutch belt wheel (24).
CN 201220470867 2012-09-17 2012-09-17 Mower for orchard Expired - Fee Related CN202773371U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220470867 CN202773371U (en) 2012-09-17 2012-09-17 Mower for orchard

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220470867 CN202773371U (en) 2012-09-17 2012-09-17 Mower for orchard

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202773371U true CN202773371U (en) 2013-03-13

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CN 201220470867 Expired - Fee Related CN202773371U (en) 2012-09-17 2012-09-17 Mower for orchard

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CN (1) CN202773371U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102860171A (en) * 2012-09-17 2013-01-09 河北农业大学 Orchard mower
CN103299760A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-09-18 苏州金威特工具有限公司 Double-clutch hay mower
CN107548663A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-01-09 河北农业大学 A kind of obstacle avoidance apparatus and its barrier-avoiding method of hillside orchard mower knife
CN108174681A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of lift gardens weeder
CN108650972A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-10-16 安徽工程大学 A kind of oil exploration pre-treatment ground weeding apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102860171A (en) * 2012-09-17 2013-01-09 河北农业大学 Orchard mower
CN103299760A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-09-18 苏州金威特工具有限公司 Double-clutch hay mower
CN107548663A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-01-09 河北农业大学 A kind of obstacle avoidance apparatus and its barrier-avoiding method of hillside orchard mower knife
CN108174681A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-06-19 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind of lift gardens weeder
CN108650972A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-10-16 安徽工程大学 A kind of oil exploration pre-treatment ground weeding apparatus

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130313

Termination date: 20170917