CN202610764U - Ecological gabion lattice chamber protection shore - Google Patents

Ecological gabion lattice chamber protection shore Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202610764U
CN202610764U CN 201220246361 CN201220246361U CN202610764U CN 202610764 U CN202610764 U CN 202610764U CN 201220246361 CN201220246361 CN 201220246361 CN 201220246361 U CN201220246361 U CN 201220246361U CN 202610764 U CN202610764 U CN 202610764U
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chamber
ecological gabion
gabion lattice
ecological
shore protection
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CN 201220246361
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Chinese (zh)
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杨辉
张志崇
范宝山
陈晓霞
孙万光
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CHINA WATER NORTHEASTERN INVESTIGATION DESIGN AND RESEARCH Co Ltd
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CHINA WATER NORTHEASTERN INVESTIGATION DESIGN AND RESEARCH Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an ecological gabion lattice chamber protection shore and belongs to protection shore structure types of river training projects. Step type sand-gravel cushions are paved on a protection slope of a river, double-square-shaped ecological gabion lattice chambers are arranged on the sand-gravel cushions, and plants are planted in the chambers. The protection shore is novel in structure, reliable to operate, wide in application range and helpful for improving ecological environments of water in rivers and lakes, improves the engineering safety, and has good application prospects.

Description

A kind of ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of bank protection structure pattern of river regulation engineering.
Background technology
Bank protection work has comparatively long developing history, mainly comprises two types of traditional shore protection and ecology typed bank revetment.
Traditional shore protection many with hard materials such as cement, mortar, building stones, pitch, concrete as main building materials; Common have stone masonry shore protection, mold-bagged concrete shore protection, concrete prefabricated (cast-in-place) plate shore protection; Such shore protection has Stability Analysis of Structures, advantage such as durable; But bank protection work is had relatively high expectations to the basis, and cost is high; After shore protection builds up, hindered the matter and energy exchange between the Riparian Zone ecosystem land and water, influenced the growth of Riparian Zone ecosystem aquatic animals and plants and terrestrial plant thereof, ecosystem balance is destroyed, and landscape effect is relatively poor.
Ecology typed bank revetment is a kind of shore protection form that grows up in Japanese and some European countries the beginning of the nineties in last century; Common have vegetation ecological shore protection, geonet composite plant cover shore protection, cage stone structure shore protection, riprap protection and a vegetation type eco-concrete shore protection; It is husky that such shore protection mainly uses root system, geonet (galvanized wire mesh) and the concrete skeleton of natural vegetation to come the native land to protect; To reach the requirement of bank stability, after shore protection builds up, less to the growth effect of Riparian Zone ecosystem aquatic animals and plants and terrestrial plant thereof; The ecoscape effect is better, and nearly water environment is beautiful.Based on above characteristics, such shore protection obtains the attention of countries in the world.At present, China mainly uses for reference some external engineering experience, adopts such shore protection that the river is renovated, and has obtained certain achievement, has also found some problems simultaneously.As: vegetation ecological shore protection, geonet composite plant cover shore protection are only applicable in waters, river course broad, bank slope are mild, the flood passage flow velocity the is less river; Should not use in the river that the mighty torrent speed of being expert at greatly, bank slope is precipitous, SEA LEVEL VARIATION is big, particularly place, the dangerous section dangerous section in such river.In the cage stone structure shore protection, the filling quality of building stones directly influences the growth of its surperficial vegetation, and construction quality is required height, often is difficult to produce a desired effect.In the vegetation type eco-concrete shore protection, pore fluid of concrete rate and interstitial perforation degree thereof are bigger to vegetation growth influence, require construction precision high, for the application of this type shore protection brings inconvenience.
Therefore, in view of the shortcomings and deficiencies that present bank protection work exists, research and inquirement structure novel ecological type bank protection structure pattern more stable, that range of application is wider has become the problem that design and scientific research personnel pay special attention to.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection, to solve the problem that there are shortcomings and deficiencies in present bank protection work.It is a kind of ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection form of one that the utility model is intended to propose a kind of ecology, view, environmental protection, easy construction, Stability Analysis of Structures, advantages of wide application range of collecting; When pay attention to solving purpose such as control flood and drain flooded fields, conserve water and soil; Also pay attention to the diversity function that recovery keeps the ecosystem of Riparian Zone; Build the hydrospace, shore of Riparian Zone, realize the ecology of shore protection.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked is; Above the step nonwoven of on the river bank protection, laying the step sand-gravel cushion is arranged; " go back to " the ecological gabion lattice of type chamber and be positioned at step sand-gravel cushion top; This ecology gabion lattice chamber is arranged along Transverse to the flow direction from the bottom to top, by rows; Row is interspersed with row's parabiosis gabion lattice chamber, arranges shoulder to shoulder that along the ecological gabion lattice of water (flow) direction chamber the river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the less-developed terrestrial plant of root system of plantation with the ecological gabion lattice chamber annular section on top in ecological gabion lattice chamber; The river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the less-developed water plant of root system of plantation with the ecological gabion lattice chamber annular region of lower part in ecological gabion lattice chamber; The river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant of root system of plantation with the center, ecological gabion lattice chamber on top in ecological gabion lattice chamber; Mean annual water level is the comparatively flourishing water plant of root system of plantation with the center, ecological gabion lattice chamber of lower part in shore protection river course, ecological gabion lattice chamber.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: lean on the current side to arrange spats in the ecological gabion lattice of bottom chamber.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: ecological gabion lattice chamber integral body is " returning " type; " returning " the type annulus is become by GSZ net cage, piece stone, local soil type; GSZ ring-type net cage is made up of 8 sides, 1 bottom surface and 1 end face; Piece stone and soil are filled in the GSZ net cage, and wherein soil is the joint filling auxiliary material; " going back to " the type center is the indoor filling soil of lattice.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant of root system comprises gold leaf glossy privet, little leaf boxwood, little weeping willow, crape myrtle, winter jasmine.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the less-developed terrestrial plant of root system comprises clover, Boston ivy, paradise, Manila.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the comparatively flourishing water plant of root system comprises reed, lotus, calamus, cattail, eel grass.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the less-developed water plant of root system comprises water caltrop.
The ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that builds up according to the utility model; Mean annual water level with the top gabion will be by lattice the indoor and surperficial vegetation of gabion cover fully; Clear layer, in picturesque disorder, the effect of play greening environment, purify air, solid soil being preserved moisture, mean annual water level is implanted with water plant with gabion surface, lower part and core kind thereof; Play the effect of stream of cleaned water, degraded dirt, simultaneously for the fish spawning migration, perch the place be provided; Help recovering Riparian Zone ecosystem bio-diversity characteristic, help conserving water and soil.
The ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that builds up according to the utility model; Compare with ramp type cage stone structure shore protection: vegetation coverage obviously increases, structure is more stable; The utility model stability of structure is to rely on the interlocking of gabion lattice chamber between deadweight and the different layers of gabion lattice chamber to satisfy; Ramp type cage stone structure shore protection relies on the frictional force of cage stone structure and bank slope to keep, so the utility model is weaker than the requirement of ramp type cage stone structure shore protection to the basis to the requirement on basis; Center, the utility model gabion lattice chamber has enough soil areas to supply plant growing, and therefore, the utility model ecoscape effect is better than other cage stone structure shore protection.
The ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that builds up according to the utility model; Compare with vegetation ecological shore protection, geonet composite plant cover shore protection; The erosion resistibility of bank protection structure is stronger, the scope of application is wider; This utility model both had been applicable to the river, region of no relief, was applicable to mountain area property river again, also was applicable to the lake simultaneously.
The ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that builds up according to the utility model; Compare with vegetation type eco-concrete shore protection; This utility model construction technology is simple, and the freeze thawing resistance ability is strong, and the growth of vegetation is not influenced; And vegetation type eco-concrete shore protection, the concrete heating can produce certain influence to the growth of vegetation.
According to the ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that the utility model builds up, to compare with riprap protection, construction investment is little.
The ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that builds up according to the utility model; Compare with traditional shore protection; To the basis require low; Resistance to deformation, freeze thawing resistance ability are strong, help the matter and energy exchange between the Riparian Zone ecosystem land and water, help the growth of Riparian Zone ecosystem aquatic animals and plants and terrestrial plant thereof.
It is thus clear that; The ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection that builds up according to the utility model is that a kind of ecology, view, environmental protection, easy construction, Stability Analysis of Structures, advantages of wide application range of collecting is the ecology typed bank revetment of one; Have a extensive future, help promoting the development of ecology typed bank revetment engineering.
The utility model has the advantages that: (1) ecological gabion lattice chamber is " returning " type structure, and construction technology is simple; (2) ecological gabion lattice chamber GSZ net cage adopts macromolecular material such as polyvinyl to make; (3) solid wall earth work grille net inner filling material is natural stone and soil, helps vegetation growth, improves the ecological environment; (4) center, ecological gabion lattice chamber is made up of soil, can plant the comparatively flourishing plants of root system such as shrub, and the root system of plant will further play the effect that solid soil is preserved moisture, and reduces soil erosion; (5) the ecological gabion lattice chamber layout that is the level of state, and the staggered interlock in the ecological gabion lattice of two rows chamber, Stability Analysis of Structures, it is strong to adapt to deformability, and antiscour, freeze thawing resistance ability are strong, applicable to the different area of weather; (6) ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection applied range not only is applicable to the river but also be applicable to the lake, not only is applicable to plain tract but also be applicable to mountain area property river, also can be applicable to the regulation of dangerous section dangerous section, both can partly use also on the water and can partly use under water; When (7) the part bank protection uses ecological gabion lattice chamber under water; Water plants such as reed, lotus, calamus, eel grass, water caltrop can be planted in said ecological gabion lattice chamber annular region and central area thereof, can play stream of cleaned water, beautify water ecological environment, the effect of control environment is provided for the fish egg reproduction; (8) the formed shore protection in the utility model construction back is ladder-like arranged, and is in picturesque disorder, well arranged, helps improving the hydrophilic environment in river, lake; (9) but the chamber shore protection field fabrication of the said ecological gabion lattice of the utility model, also can be in batches prefabricated production of factory (soil needs on-the-spot the filling), during construction assembling easy, effective reduction of erection time, saving construction investment; (10) the said ecological gabion lattice of the utility model chamber shore protection not only can be applicable to the two sides in river, also can be applicable to simultaneously the both sides of highway, plays a part to beautify the environment, soil and slope protection.
The utility model novel structure, reliable, applied widely, improved engineering safety, help improving the water ecological environment in river, lake, have good application prospects.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the ecological gabion lattice chamber sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the ecological gabion lattice chamber GSZ net cage sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the said ecological gabion lattice of a utility model chamber annular region filler sketch map;
Fig. 4 is the said ecological gabion lattice chamber central zone filler sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the ecological gabion lattice chamber layout sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 6 A is that the ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection section of the utility model is arranged sketch map;
Fig. 6 B is that the ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection section of the utility model is arranged sketch map, comprises spats.
The specific embodiment
Above the step nonwoven of on the river bank protection, laying 8 step sand-gravel cushion 2 is arranged; " go back to " the ecological gabion lattice of type chamber 1 and be positioned at step sand-gravel cushion top; This ecology gabion lattice chamber is arranged along Transverse to the flow direction from the bottom to top, by rows; Row is interspersed with row's parabiosis gabion lattice chamber; Arrange shoulder to shoulder that along the ecological gabion lattice of water (flow) direction chamber the river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the less-developed terrestrial plant 4 of root system of plantation with the ecological gabion lattice chamber annular section on top in ecological gabion lattice chamber; The river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the less-developed water plant 6 of root system of plantation with the ecological gabion lattice chamber annular region of lower part in ecological gabion lattice chamber; The river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant 3 of root system of plantation with the center, ecological gabion lattice chamber on top in ecological gabion lattice chamber; Mean annual water level is the comparatively flourishing water plant 5 of root system of plantation with the center, ecological gabion lattice chamber of lower part in shore protection river course, ecological gabion lattice chamber.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: lean on the current side to arrange spats 7 in the ecological gabion lattice of bottom chamber 1.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: ecological gabion lattice chamber integral body is " returning " type; " returning " the type annulus is become by GSZ net cage, piece stone, local soil type; GSZ ring-type net cage is made up of 8 sides, 1 bottom surface and 1 end face; Piece stone and soil are filled in the GSZ net cage, and wherein soil is the joint filling auxiliary material; " going back to " the type center is the indoor filling soil of lattice.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant 3 of root system comprises gold leaf glossy privet, little leaf boxwood, little weeping willow, crape myrtle, winter jasmine.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the less-developed terrestrial plant 4 of root system comprises clover, Boston ivy, paradise, Manila.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the comparatively flourishing water plant 5 of root system comprises reed, lotus, calamus, cattail, eel grass.
A kind of embodiment of the utility model is: the less-developed water plant 6 of root system comprises water caltrop.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 4.Said ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 is " returning " type.Said ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 is made up of cubsoil 13 in GSZ net cage 11, net cage inner filling material 12 and the net cage.The said ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 outer shroud length of side is 1 ~ 2m, and the interior ring length of side is 0.5 ~ 1m, and needs to guarantee that said ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 annular region area is not less than 3 times of lattice chamber central plane area.Said ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 height is 15cm ~ 50cm.
Said GSZ net cage 11 adopts the vinyon material, comprises 8 sides 113,114,115,116,113 ', 114 ', 115 ', 116 'And 1 bottom surface 111 and 1 end face 112.The said GSZ net cage 11 single mesh length of sides are at 5 ~ 15cm.Said GSZ net cage 11 inner filling materials 12 comprise piece stone 121 and soil 122.Said stone 12 equivalent diameters are in 10cm ~ 35cm scope, and soil 122 is filled in piece stone 12 gaps.Said native 122 should on-the-spotly fill.The indoor filling soil 13 of said GSZ net cage 11 central squares.
Fig. 5 is the layout plan of the utility model, and Fig. 6 A and Fig. 6 B are the shore protection section arrangement diagram of the utility model, ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 row and the staggered snap-fit arrangement of row, clear layer.Ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection is laid step sand-gravel cushion 2 down, and sand-gravel cushion is laid nonwoven 82 times.Ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection in the river course mean annual water level with top; The comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant 3 of root system can be planted in 1 center, ecological gabion lattice chamber; As: gold leaf glossy privet, little leaf boxwood, little weeping willow, crape myrtle, winter jasmine etc.; The less-developed terrestrial plant 4 of ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 annular region plantation root system, as: clover, Boston ivy, paradise, Manila etc.Ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection in the river course mean annual water level with the lower part; The comparatively flourishing water plant 5 of 1 center, ecological gabion lattice chamber plantation root system; As: reed, lotus, calamus, cattail, eel grass etc.; The less-developed water plant 6 of ecological gabion lattice chamber 1 annular region plantation root system, as: water caltrop.In the not serious river of riverbed parallel baffled, take the arrangement of Fig. 6 A to get final product; In the violent river of riverbed parallel baffled, should take the arrangement of Fig. 6 B, promptly lean on the current side to arrange spats 7 in the ecological gabion lattice of bottom chamber 1.Said spats 7 loose, high sizes are confirmed according to the scour depth in riverbed.
According to the difference of engineering actual conditions, the utility model can also have other embodiment, as long as adopt ecological gabion lattice chamber that the riverbank is protected all in the protection domain of the utility model requirement.

Claims (7)

1. ecological gabion lattice chamber shore protection; It is characterized in that: above the step nonwoven of on the river bank protection, laying the step sand-gravel cushion is arranged; " go back to " the ecological gabion lattice of type chamber and be positioned at step sand-gravel cushion top; This ecology gabion lattice chamber is arranged along Transverse to the flow direction from the bottom to top, by rows; Row is interspersed with row's parabiosis gabion lattice chamber, arranges shoulder to shoulder that along the ecological gabion lattice of water (flow) direction chamber the river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the less-developed terrestrial plant of root system of plantation with the ecological gabion lattice chamber annular section on top in ecological gabion lattice chamber; The river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the less-developed water plant of root system of plantation with the ecological gabion lattice chamber annular region of lower part in ecological gabion lattice chamber; The river course mean annual water level of shore protection is the comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant of root system of plantation with the center, ecological gabion lattice chamber on top in ecological gabion lattice chamber; Mean annual water level is the comparatively flourishing water plant of root system of plantation with the center, ecological gabion lattice chamber of lower part in shore protection river course, ecological gabion lattice chamber.
2. a kind of ecological gabion lattice according to claim 1 chamber shore protection is characterized in that: lean on the current side to arrange spats in the ecological gabion lattice of bottom chamber.
3. a kind of ecological gabion lattice according to claim 1 chamber shore protection; It is characterized in that: ecological gabion lattice chamber integral body is " returning " type; " returning " the type annulus is become by GSZ net cage, piece stone, local soil type; GSZ ring-type net cage is made up of 8 sides, 1 bottom surface and 1 end face, and piece stone and soil are filled in the GSZ net cage, and wherein soil is the joint filling auxiliary material; " going back to " the type center is the indoor filling soil of lattice.
4. a kind of ecological gabion lattice according to claim 1 chamber shore protection is characterized in that: the comparatively flourishing terrestrial plant of root system comprises gold leaf glossy privet, little leaf boxwood, little weeping willow, crape myrtle, winter jasmine.
5. a kind of ecological gabion lattice according to claim 1 chamber shore protection, it is characterized in that: the less-developed terrestrial plant of root system comprises clover, Boston ivy, paradise, Manila.
6. a kind of ecological gabion lattice according to claim 1 chamber shore protection is characterized in that: the comparatively flourishing water plant of root system comprises reed, lotus, calamus, cattail, eel grass.
7. a kind of ecological gabion lattice according to claim 1 chamber shore protection, it is characterized in that: the less-developed water plant of root system comprises water caltrop.
CN 201220246361 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Ecological gabion lattice chamber protection shore Active CN202610764U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102704441A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-10-03 中水东北勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Arrangement method of ecological gabion chamber revetment type

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102704441A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-10-03 中水东北勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Arrangement method of ecological gabion chamber revetment type

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