CN202455987U - V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure - Google Patents

V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202455987U
CN202455987U CN2012200588382U CN201220058838U CN202455987U CN 202455987 U CN202455987 U CN 202455987U CN 2012200588382 U CN2012200588382 U CN 2012200588382U CN 201220058838 U CN201220058838 U CN 201220058838U CN 202455987 U CN202455987 U CN 202455987U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bird
connecting filament
fence
hail
hack lever
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012200588382U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张强
魏钦平
刘松忠
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Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Priority to CN2012200588382U priority Critical patent/CN202455987U/en
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Publication of CN202455987U publication Critical patent/CN202455987U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure, which mainly comprises V-fence stands, an anti-hail and anti-bird net and spray devices. The height of parts of the V-fence stands above the ground is 5.0m, the opening angle of the V-fence stands is 55-60 degrees and a connecting bar is arranged on each V-fence stand at a position which is 3.2m above the ground; and the buried depth of the parts of the V-fence stands under the ground is 1.0m. Connecting points are fixedly and upwards arranged on the two sides of each stand bar at an interval of 60cm from a position which is 80cm far away from the ground, and the distance between the last two connecting points is 80cm. Connecting wires are horizontally tensioned along the direction of rows. A supporting bar with diameter of 20-30mm is arranged on each tree, the supporting bars are respectively and fixedly arranged on the connecting wires, and the central trunks of the trees are fixedly arranged on the supporting bars. The spray devices are installed on the topmost connecting wires along the direction of the rows. Connecting wires are arranged at the tops of the stand bars along a direction perpendicular to the direction of rows. The anti-hail and anti-bird net is laid on the connecting wires. The V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure has multiple functions of realizing high light utilization ratio of V-fence fruit trees, improving the yield and the quality, facilitating mechanized operation management and resisting hails, birds and frost, and can be widely popularized and used in fruit planting areas in China.

Description

One planting fruit-trees V hedge shape hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of V hedge shape fruit growing structure, and this structure is applicable to the hail suppression of fruit tree, anti-bird, frost prevention.
Background technology
No posture cultivation is adopted in the tradition fruit growing more; It is tree-like that coronule commonly used is dredged a layer shape, free spindle, happy shape etc., and these tree-like because tree height Da Yi cause that utility rate of luminous energy is low, the high quality fruit ratio is few, the management is time-consuming, are unfavorable for mechanized operation and lack function of disaster prevention etc.
V hedge shape is even with illumination patterns in the tree crown, luminous energy is intercepted and captured and availability is high, set the body convenient management, prune simply, output is high, the superior quality plurality of advantages receives people's attention.But; The conventional tree-like frame material that only utilizes of V hedge shape cultivation is fixed trunk; The cultivation of fruit tree posture is not combined with (anti-bird, hail suppression, the frost prevention etc.) function of taking precautions against natural calamities; Not only wasted the frame material, arriving at diastrous weathers such as frost and hails causes that often florescence freeze injury, fruit come off in a large number etc., thus annual do not have receive; In addition, the birds fruit of pecking in a large number causes very big harm for the fruit tree of outdoor cropping, influence commodity fruit rate and output, and the garden fruit is annual as a result loses about 30%.Invent a kind of hail suppression of fruit tree V hedge shape, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure of being suitable for, significant to improving orchard economic benefit, minimizing lose from natural calamity etc.
Summary of the invention
The utility model mainly solves the technical problem that the tree-like posture cultivation of fruit tree V hedge combines with orchard hail suppression, anti-bird and frost prevention etc.Tree-like many to dredge a layer shape, free spindle, happy shape with coronule be main in fruit growing in the production; The tree-like frame material that only utilizes of V hedge formula cultivation is fixed trunk; Lack cultivation of fruit tree V hedge shape posture and multi-functional combinations such as hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention; Through setting up support to do or major branch in fixing, set up hail suppression, bird prevention net, the anti-defrosting system of configuration dense fog; Realize the multifunctionality of its posture, reach and improve the fruit yield quality, improve land utilization rate, effectively withstand natural calamities, be convenient to mechanically actuated, reduce purpose such as recruitment cost.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
One planting fruit-trees V hedge shape hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure are made up of the stand of fruit tree V hedge shape, hail suppression, bird prevention net and this three part of frost prevention dense fog device.The stand of V hedge shape mainly is made up of V hedge shape hack lever, connecting filament and pole, and at a distance from 30~35 meters 1 V hedge shape hack levers of planting, the hack lever material can use galvanized pipe, square or circular concrete column, timber material to process to suitable fruit tree row to every; V hedge shape hack lever highly is 5.0 meters on the ground, and two headtree angles are 55~60 degree, and a connecting rod is established in order to fixing two headtrees in 3.2 meters apart from ground; 1.0 meters of underground buried depths; And fix with the concrete ground pile anchoring of 50cm * 50cm * 100 cm, 55~80 millimeters of hack lever rugosity, 80 centimeters begin fixed connection point far from ground in the hack lever both sides; Whenever at a distance from 60 centimetres of fixing tie points, 80 centimetres of last tie point spacings; Connecting filament adopts the steel wire or the iron wire of 3~5 millimeters of diameters, 80 centimetres of the hack lever first road connecting filaments apart from ground, and the connecting filament spacing is 60 centimetres, uppermost connecting filament spacing is 80 centimetres, connecting filament is strained to horizontal direction along the fruit tree row; Every tree is established a pole, and pole can be used galvanized pipe, bamboo pole or the circular waddy material of 3.5~4.0 meters of height, 20~30 millimeters of diameter rugosity, at first strut fixation on connecting filament, then dried being fixed on the pole of central authorities leader of tree.
Divide fork bar one side along fruit tree row 20~25 millimeters polyethylene water-supply-pipes of fixed diameter on uppermost connecting filament V hedge shape, every interval 4.0~6.0 meter amperes are adorned an atomizer on water-supply-pipe; When frost and high temperature come to spray temporarily frost protection with day burn.
At the row of the vertical tree of the topmost of hack lever to drawing connecting filament one, above the connecting filament 6 strands of meshes of bedding realize fruit tree spindle posture cultivations with hail suppression, prevent multifunctionalities such as bird and frost protection.
To drawing connecting filament one, polyethylene hail suppression, the bird prevention net of 6 strands of meshes of bedding (12~20) millimeter * (12~20) millimeter above the connecting filament are evened up net tension and are fixed to ground simultaneously at the row of the vertical tree of the topmost of V hedge shape hack lever.Realize multifunctionalities such as the hail suppression of fruit tree V hedge shape posture, anti-bird and frost protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model stand hail suppression, anti-bird structural front view.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the local axis side view of the utility model stand cultivation structure.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the single V hedge of the utility model shape hack lever.
Among the figure: 1, V hedge shape hack lever; 2, pole; 3, vertical connecting filament; 4, horizontal connecting filament; 5, hack lever contact; 6, water-supply-pipe; 7, atomizer; 8, hail suppression, bird prevention net.
Embodiment
Step 1: adopt above-mentioned V hedge shape hack lever 1 and be fixed in the soil of every capable fruit tree trunk axis.
Step 2: according to the above-mentioned V hedge shape hack lever 1 that designs, pass the same side to vertical connecting filament 3 in order and divide fork bar contact 5, hack lever respectively adds a turnbuckle at two ends respectively, strains vertical connecting filament 3 through turnbuckle.
Step 3: every strain tree is established a pole 2, and at first the central authorities leader of tree is done and intersect reverse bondage in order with cloth and be fixed on the pole 2, or with the bondage fixedly on vertical connecting filament 3 of hack lever 1 both sides respectively of two scaffold limbs of fruit tree.
Step 4: below uppermost wherein one connecting filament, installing and fixing diameter in the top direct motion of every capable V hedge shape hack lever 1 is 20~25 millimeters black polyethylene water-supply-pipes 6, and every interval 4.0~6.0 meter amperes are adorned an eddy current type 2~4 outlet atomizers 7 on the water-supply-pipe 6.
Step 5: at the row of the vertical tree of the topmost of V hedge formula cultivating stand 1 to drawing a horizontal road connecting filament 4; Polyethylene hail suppression, the bird prevention net 8 of 6 strands of meshes of bedding (12~20) millimeter * (12~20) millimeter are fixed with nylon rope or plastic band on hail suppression, the bird prevention net 8 above the connecting filament 4.

Claims (4)

1. a planting fruit-trees V hedge shape hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure; This structure is applicable to the hail suppression of fruit tree, anti-bird, frost prevention; Mainly be made up of the stand of V hedge shape, hail suppression, bird prevention net and dense fog device, it is characterized in that: (1) stand is made up of hack lever, connecting filament and pole; (2) hack lever highly is 5.0 meters on the ground, and the fork bar angle was 55~60 degree in two minutes, and a connecting rod is established in order to fixing two fens fork bars in 3.2 meters apart from ground; (3) the hack lever spacing is 30~35 meters; (4) the hack lever first road connecting filament is apart from ground 80 centimetres, and the connecting filament spacing is 60 centimetres, and uppermost connecting filament spacing is 80 centimetres; (5) the dense fog demisler is installed on one connecting filament in the top of hack lever; (6) at the row of the vertical tree of the topmost of hack lever to drawing connecting filament one, bedding hail suppression, bird prevention net above the connecting filament.
2. fruit tree V hedge shape as claimed in claim 1 hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure, it is characterized in that: hack lever can use galvanized pipe, square or circular concrete column, timber material, 55~80 millimeters of rugosity; Pole can be used galvanized pipe, bamboo pole or the circular waddy material of 3.5~4.0 meters of height, 20~30 millimeters of diameter rugosity; Connecting filament adopts the steel wire or the iron wire of 3~5 millimeters of diameters.
3. fruit tree V hedge shape as claimed in claim 1 hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure; It is characterized in that: wherein on one connecting filament the dense fog device is installed to uppermost in direct motion; Promptly fixed diameter is 20~25 millimeters black polyethylene water-supply-pipes below connecting filament, and every interval 4.0~6.0 meter amperes are adorned an atomizer on the water-supply-pipe.
4. fruit tree V hedge shape as claimed in claim 1 hail suppression, anti-bird, frost prevention cultivation structure; The row of the vertical tree of the topmost of hack lever is to drawing connecting filament one; Polyethylene hail suppression, the bird prevention net of bedding above the connecting filament (6) strand mesh (12~20) millimeter * (12~20) millimeter realize that the cultivation of fruit tree posture combines with the multifunctionality of hail suppression, anti-bird and frost protection.
CN2012200588382U 2012-02-23 2012-02-23 V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure Expired - Fee Related CN202455987U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200588382U CN202455987U (en) 2012-02-23 2012-02-23 V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200588382U CN202455987U (en) 2012-02-23 2012-02-23 V-fence anti-hail, anti-bird and anti-frost fruit tree planting structure

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CN202455987U true CN202455987U (en) 2012-10-03

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875497A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-06-25 西北农林科技大学 V-shaped cultivating technology of dwarf self-rooted rootstock apple trees
CN109042035A (en) * 2018-08-30 2018-12-21 杭州市农业科学研究院 The method of peach garden Labor-saving net formula cultivation

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103875497A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-06-25 西北农林科技大学 V-shaped cultivating technology of dwarf self-rooted rootstock apple trees
CN103875497B (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-12-02 西北农林科技大学 A kind of Dwarf rootstocks apple V-arrangement culture technique
CN109042035A (en) * 2018-08-30 2018-12-21 杭州市农业科学研究院 The method of peach garden Labor-saving net formula cultivation

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121003

Termination date: 20140223