CN202247782U - Trailer type railway sand-removing machine - Google Patents

Trailer type railway sand-removing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202247782U
CN202247782U CN 201120341932 CN201120341932U CN202247782U CN 202247782 U CN202247782 U CN 202247782U CN 201120341932 CN201120341932 CN 201120341932 CN 201120341932 U CN201120341932 U CN 201120341932U CN 202247782 U CN202247782 U CN 202247782U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sand
car
trailer
husky
machinery
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201120341932
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔昭霞
秦建国
杨涛
贺向新
苗淑静
杜恒杰
Original Assignee
内蒙古工业大学
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Application filed by 内蒙古工业大学 filed Critical 内蒙古工业大学
Priority to CN 201120341932 priority Critical patent/CN202247782U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202247782U publication Critical patent/CN202247782U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a trailer type railway sand-removing machine, which comprises a lifting hydraulic cylinder (1), a sand collecting and scraping device (2), a bidirectional sand throwing mechanism (3), a sand throwing conveying mechanism (4), a hydraulic system (5) and a vehicle body (6). When used, the machine is dragged by a motor vehicle to a working site, the sand collecting and scraping device (2) lowers to a working position under the control of the lifting hydraulic cylinder (1), and the sand throwing conveying mechanism (4), a sand throwing belt (33) and a sand scraping mechanism (22) are started smoothly. While driven forward by the motor vehicle, a sand collecting tank body (21) pushes sand in the middle and on the two sides of steel rails together to a certain height; and a sand scraping mechanism hydraulic motor (222) drives a driving chain wheel shaft to rotate, a scraper (229) scraps the accumulated sand to a hopper (216), the sand falls onto the sand throwing belt (33), and the accumulated sand is thrown from the left or right side of the steel rails through the forward or backward rotation of a sand throwing mechanism hydraulic motor (37). The machine has a simple structure and high automation degree and is simple and convenient to operate and easy to promote.

Description

A kind of trailer-type railway machinery that removes sand
Technical field
The utility model belongs to railway maintenance machinery, is used for the urgent mediation that railway is buried in the dust storm area, and trailer-type need not autonomous driving, during work and the locomotive hook use, the long-pending sand of rail centre and both sides are removed automatically with the control system through hydraulic system.
Background technology
At present the China railways main line mode of promptly removing sand mainly utilizes instruments such as loader, bulldozer and artificial spade amass husky cleaning, and environment is abominable, inefficiency, and industrial railway removes sand and mechanically still belongs to blank in China efficiently.In recent years; Some small-sized special equipments that remove sand also begin appearance, and in certain international railway equipment exhibition that hold in Beijing, remove sand the hold concurrently equipment of purging function of number money novel railway special turnouts exposes; But this serial equipment only is fit to track switch fixed point working environment, is not suitable for long route work.A kind of railway that is proposed by Qinghai University pushes away husky device invention, and the rail car that can use through fixed mount and the institute assembly coverboard front installation that links before is by pushing away the sand wedge plate; Left side sand scraper, right sand scraper, husky plate is swept on a left side; Husky plate is swept on the right side, fixed mount, and 2-4 hook formed; Its shortcoming is to run into track switch to be difficult to handle automatically, and pushes away husky distance and can receive certain limitation with the efficient of removing sand.Therefore, remain to be developed efficient, control, the railway easy to use machinery that removes sand automatically, remove people and clear up railway and bury husky heavy manual labor, improve the efficient of removing sand, solve the urgent mediation problem of sand damage district railway circuit.The railway of the proposition machinery that removes sand is a kind of fully independently engineering truck in another piece document of the present patent application person research of machinery " a kind of novel railway remove sand ", needs self-powered to go; The function of removing sand need shovel sand, pass sand and sand three stage arrangements, and the sand device needs hydraulic steering mechanism to realize swinging, and car load goes needs Diesel Driven; Need special-purpose driver's cabin and driving power drive system; Shortcoming is a sand steering mechanism maintenance difficult, and the car load volume is big, involves great expense.
The utility model content
The main purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of exclusive trail car formula rail machinery that removes sand; Can be hooked on the front of locomotive; Go and automation control through locomotive traction; Be used to dc source, adopt direct current generator driving gear pump and motor and hydraulic cylinder and then drive apparatus for work from locomotive, with the long-pending sand that buried the rail face clearly to the rail outside the certain limit.Can solve on the one hand people and clear up railway and bury husky heavy manual labor, can improve the efficient of removing sand greatly on the other hand, easy to use, be easy to promote, can realize solving the urgent mediation problem of sand damage district railway circuit.
The utility model trailer-type railway machinery that removes sand will be realized the long-pending sand of railway is collected husky, scrapes sand, the selectable sand of track and arranged on left and right sides, enlarges functions such as sand distance, automation control.Primary structure comprises husky hydraulic system and the trailer-type car body of scraping husky device and lifting hydraulic cylinder thereof, two-way sand mechanism, left sand delivery chute and right sand delivery chute and supporting cylinder thereof, being easy to realize control automatically of collection; During use, utilize the hitch of hull back to link to each other, go to the job site by locomotive traction with locomotive; It is stable by lifting hydraulic cylinder control dropping to operating position and holding position that collection sand is scraped husky device; Sand delivery chute, sand band, scrape the sequence starting of husky mechanism; The trailer-type railway removes sand machinery along with locomotive traction moves ahead, and the silt container body pushes away the long-pending sand of in the middle of the rail and both sides long-pending to certain altitude; Meanwhile; Hydraulic motor drives and initiatively connects the wheel shaft rotation; Be connected scraper on the chain and be stacked into the funnel of the long-pending husky scraping delivery of certain altitude before with spear to the silt container body; Long-pending husky process funnel is fallen the sand band, through just commentaries on classics or the counter-rotating that is installed in the hydraulic motor that is connected with drive roll on the car body, the long-pending sand on the sand band is raised out to the left side or the right side of rail; The assurance of sand distance by the piston elongation of the delivery chute supporting cylinder on left side or right side, is propped up corresponding delivery chute and is accomplished.If long-pending sand is raised to the left by the sand band, then the piston of the delivery chute hydraulic cylinder in left side stretches out, and props up the left side delivery chute, enlarges sandy soil and raises the distance to the left side, and vice versa; After work is accomplished, scrape husky mechanism, sand band, sand delivery chute and stop in proper order, the silt container body is raised to correct position, to storage place, throws off hitch by locomotive traction.
The beneficial effect of the utility model: at first; The trailer-type railway removes sand mechanical simple in structure; Through designing the dependency structure that some and rail are complementary, again novelty ground with transform on belt conveying machine technology, the scraper plate conveying principle basis scrape husky mechanism and hydraulic technique becomes one, utilize main story, the counter-rotating of sand conveying mechanism motor dexterously; Realization optionally will be amassed sand according to road conditions and wind direction and raised to railway left side or right side; And realize automation control, easy and simple to handle, and can guarantee the security reliability used.The hitch of vehicle frame rear end can realize with locomotive easily behind the hook by the locomotive traction work of removing sand, need not special-purpose driver's cabin and drive power with autonomous driving; The spear that silt container body front end and rail shape are complementary can guarantee to remove on the rail level and the long-pending sand of certain depth under the rail level; Through rotating and reverse of control conveyer belt, realize dexterously optionally will need not steering mechanism and can realize two-way sand by scraping long-pending husky left side or the right side certain limit of throwing that husky mechanism transports at track; Through the up-down of sand delivery chute hydraulic cylinder, can strengthen the sand band effectively and raise out the distance that sand leaves the right or normal track.
The utility model improves the efficient of removing sand greatly, filled up remove sand the automatically blank of machinery of China railways, moreover it is simple in structure, easy to use, automaticity is high, easy and simple to handle, be easy to promote.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model trailer-type railway mechanical main TV structure sketch map that removes sand.
Fig. 2 scrapes husky mechanism 2 sectional structure sketch mapes for collection sand.
Fig. 3 is silt container body 21 perspective view.
Fig. 4 is car body 6 main TV structure sketch mapes.
Fig. 5 is for scraping husky mechanism 22 plan structure sketch mapes.
Fig. 6 is strainer 230 structural representations.
Fig. 7 is two-way sand mechanism 3 plan structure sketch mapes.
Sand conveying mechanism 4 main TV structure sketch mapes when Fig. 8 is off working state with left side supporting cylinder 42 for duty right side delivery chute 44 and right side supporting cylinder 43 for left side delivery chute 41.
Fig. 9 is left side delivery chute 41 right view structural representations.
Figure 10 is left side delivery chute 41 upward view structural representations.
In each accompanying drawing: 1, lifting hydraulic cylinder; 2 collection sand are scraped husky device; 3, two-way sand mechanism; 4, sand conveying mechanism; 5, hydraulic system; 6, car body; 21, silt container body; 22, scrape husky mechanism; 31, driven roller bearings and bearing support; 32, driven cylinder; 33, sand band; 34, drive roll bearing and bearing support; 35, drive roll; 36, shaft coupling; 37, sand organization hydraulic pressure motor; 41, left side delivery chute; 42, left side supporting cylinder; 43 right side supporting cylinders; 44, right side delivery chute; 61, the syndeton of car body and lifting hydraulic cylinder; 62, with the syndeton of delivery chute; 63, on the car body with the syndeton of silt container body; 64, hitch; 65, wheel; 66, axletree; 211, box side; 212, on the silt container body with the syndeton of car body; 213, spear; 214, the syndeton of silt container body and lifting hydraulic cylinder; 215, rail groove; 216, funnel; 220, driven chain wheel shaft and assembly thereof; 221, chain drive driving shaft and assembly thereof; 222, scrape the hydraulic motor of husky mechanism; 223, bearing; 224, the shaft coupling that is connected with band transmission driving shaft; 225, band transmission driving shaft and assembly thereof; 226, band; 227, driven pulley drive disk assembly; 228, chain; 229, scraper; 230 strainers; 231, with the syndeton of box side; 232, regulating wheel; 233, tension link; 234 springs; 411, cell body; 412, with the syndeton of car body; 413, with the syndeton of left side supporting cylinder.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in detail:
With reference to accompanying drawing 1-10, the remove sand primary structure of machinery of the utility model trailer-type railway comprises that lifting hydraulic cylinder 1, collection sand scrapes husky device 2, two-way sand mechanism 3, sand conveying mechanism 4, hydraulic system 5 and car body 6.Wheel 65 on the car body 6 is selected the model that is complementary with rail for use with axletree 66, guarantees to set out on a journey safety; The utility model trailer-type railway removes sand machinery when using, and utilizes the hitch 64 that is installed in car body 6 afterbodys, during work and the locomotive hook; Gone to the job site by locomotive traction, behind the end-of-job, disengagement gets final product; Do not influence the locomotive operate as normal, need not to be equipped with special locomotive.The front collect sand scrape husky device 2 through on the silt container body with the syndeton 212 of car body with hinged on the car body with the syndeton 63 of silt container body; The syndeton 214 of silt container body and lifting hydraulic cylinder is connected with an end of lifting hydraulic cylinder 1, and the other end of lifting hydraulic cylinder 1 is connected with the syndeton 61 of lifting hydraulic cylinder with car body on the car body 6.The welding spear 213 of silt container body 21 matches with the rail shape through rail groove 215, and it can be reduced under the rail upper surface, and guarantees to be scavenged into the long-pending sand of rail upper surface and following inboard of rail level and outside certain depth.Lifting hydraulic cylinder 1 can be realized scraping the up-down control of husky device 2 to collecting sand through control hydraulic oil, during work, reduces to suitable height, and keeps stable, during the traction walking, can be raised to the equilbrium position.The trailer-type railway removes sand machinery along with locomotive traction moves ahead; Silt container body 21 long-pending sand rail is middle and both sides push away and collect to certain altitude; By scraping husky mechanism 22, drop down onto on the sand band 33 of sand conveying mechanism 3 along silt container body 21 funnel 216 of scraping delivery outside being welded on silt container body 21 upwards.
Scraping husky mechanism 22 works as follows: the hydraulic motor 222 of scraping husky mechanism is fixed on the silt container body 21 through bearing 223; And shaft coupling 224 band transmission driving shaft and assembly 225 connections thereof together through being connected with band transmission driving shaft; Drive be with 226 and driven pulley drive disk assembly 227 rotate; Thereby drive chain drive driving shaft and assembly 221 rotations thereof; And then drive two chains 228 and be connected many scraper 229 and driven chain wheel shaft and assembly 220 motions thereof on the chain 228, realize scraping husky the action.The two ends of chain drive driving shaft and assembly 221 thereof and driven chain wheel shaft and assembly 220 thereof all are fixed on the box side 211 of silt container body 21.The tensioning of chain 228 is realized by strainer 230.Strainer 230 comprises: with syndeton 231, regulating wheel 232, tension link 233, the spring 234 of box side.
Sand band 33 is selected the decorative pattern band for use, guarantees that long-pending sand can not drop in course of conveying; Driven cylinder 32 is fixedly mounted on the car body 6 through driven roller bearings and bearing support 31; One end of drive roll 35 is connected with sand organization hydraulic pressure motor 37 through the shaft coupling 36 of two-way sand mechanism, and is fixed on the car body 6 through drive roll bearing and bearing support 34.Raise to the distance on track both sides in order to enlarge long-pending sand; Sand conveying mechanism 4 is installed on car body 6 below the two-way sand mechanism 3; Sand conveying mechanism 4 comprises left side delivery chute 41 and right side delivery chute 44, and the bottom surface of left side delivery chute 41 and right side delivery chute 44 is connected with left side supporting cylinder 42, right side supporting cylinder 43 respectively.Because of left side delivery chute 41 the same with right side delivery chute 44 structures; With left side delivery chute 41 structures is its structure of example explanation; Left side delivery chute 41 is connected with syndeton 62 on the car body 6 and delivery chute with the syndeton 412 of car body by cell body 411, form with the syndeton 412 of car body and with the syndeton 413 of left side supporting cylinder.One end of left side supporting cylinder 42, right side supporting cylinder 43 links to each other with car body 6 respectively; During work; Left side delivery chute 41 or right side delivery chute 44 are propped up in left side supporting cylinder 42 or 43 elongations of right side supporting cylinder respectively, realize enlarging the purpose of sand distance.

Claims (8)

1. trailer-type railway machinery that removes sand is characterized in that: comprise that lifting hydraulic cylinder (1), collection sand scrapes husky device (2), two-way sand mechanism (3), sand conveying mechanism (4), hydraulic system (5) and car body (6); Collect sand scrape husky device (2) through on the silt container body with the syndeton (212) of car body with hinged on the car body with the syndeton (63) of silt container body; The syndeton (214) of silt container body and lifting hydraulic cylinder is connected with an end of lifting hydraulic cylinder (1), and the other end of lifting hydraulic cylinder (1) is connected with the syndeton (61) of lifting hydraulic cylinder with car body on the car body (6); Lifting hydraulic cylinder (1) makes collection sand scrape husky device (2) and goes up and down to suitable height through control hydraulic oil; Silt container body (21) pushes away the long-pending sand of in the middle of the rail and both sides and collects to certain altitude, by scraping husky mechanism (22) along silt container body (21) scraping delivery to funnel (216) upwards, drops down onto on the sand band (33) of two-way sand mechanism (3) again; The driven cylinder (32) of two-way sand mechanism (3) is fixedly mounted on the car body (6) through driven roller bearings and bearing support (31); One end of drive roll (35) is connected with sand organization hydraulic pressure motor (37) through the shaft coupling (36) of two-way sand mechanism, and is fixed on the car body (6) through drive roll bearing and bearing support (34); The below car body (6) of two-way sand mechanism (3) is gone up sand conveying mechanism (4) is installed, and the left side delivery chute (41) of sand conveying mechanism (4) is connected with right side supporting cylinder (43) with left side supporting cylinder (42) respectively with the bottom surface of right side delivery chute (44); During work, left side delivery chute (41) or right side delivery chute (44) are propped up in left side supporting cylinder (42) or right side supporting cylinder (43) elongation respectively, make sand apart from expansion.
2. the trailer-type railway according to claim 1 machinery that removes sand is characterized in that wheel (65) and the axletree (66) on the car body (6) selected the model that is complementary with rail for use.
3. the trailer-type railway according to claim 1 and 2 machinery that removes sand is characterized in that the spear (213) on the silt container body (21) matches with the rail shape through rail groove (215).
4. according to the machinery that removes sand of each described trailer-type railway in the claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that the hitch (64) and locomotive hook of car body (6) afterbody, along with locomotive traction moves ahead, behind the end-of-job, throw off during work with locomotive.
5. according to the machinery that removes sand of each described trailer-type railway in the claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that sand band (33) is the decorative pattern band.
6. according to the machinery that removes sand of each described trailer-type railway in the claim 1 to 5; It is characterized in that the hydraulic motor of scraping husky mechanism (222) of scraping husky mechanism (22) is fixed on the silt container body (21) through bearing (223); And shaft coupling (224) band transmission driving shaft and assembly (225) connection thereof together through being connected with band transmission driving shaft; Driving band (226) and driven pulley drive disk assembly (227) rotates; Rotate thereby drive chain drive driving shaft and assembly (221) thereof, and then drive two chains (228), be connected scraper (229) and driven chain wheel shaft and assembly (220) motion thereof on the chain (228), realize scraping husky the action; The two ends of chain drive driving shaft and assembly thereof (221) and driven chain wheel shaft and assembly (220) thereof all are fixed on the box side (211) of silt container body (21).
7. according to the machinery that removes sand of the trailer-type railway described in the claim 6, it is characterized in that the tensioning of chain (228) is realized by strainer (230).
8. according to the machinery that removes sand of the trailer-type railway described in the claim 7, it is characterized in that the structure of strainer (230) comprising: with syndeton (231), regulating wheel (232), tension link (233) and the spring (234) of box side.
CN 201120341932 2011-09-01 2011-09-01 Trailer type railway sand-removing machine CN202247782U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120341932 CN202247782U (en) 2011-09-01 2011-09-01 Trailer type railway sand-removing machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120341932 CN202247782U (en) 2011-09-01 2011-09-01 Trailer type railway sand-removing machine

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102433853A (en) * 2011-09-01 2012-05-02 内蒙古工业大学 Trailer type sand elimination machine for railway
CN103526714A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-01-22 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Sand removal engineering truck
CN104878715A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-02 石家庄铁道大学 Sand disposal device for highway-railway track sand remover
CN104986001A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-21 石家庄铁道大学 Track sand removal vehicle for both highway and railway
CN109338978A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-15 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 A kind of comprehensive removing railway sand and the device for encapsulating sand
CN110172946A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-08-27 石家庄铁道大学 Self-propelled track removes sand vehicle
CN110172945A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-27 中国铁建高新装备股份有限公司 Ballast bed of track removes sand vehicle

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102433853A (en) * 2011-09-01 2012-05-02 内蒙古工业大学 Trailer type sand elimination machine for railway
CN103526714A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-01-22 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Sand removal engineering truck
CN103526714B (en) * 2013-10-31 2015-07-15 南车戚墅堰机车有限公司 Sand removal engineering truck
CN104878715A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-09-02 石家庄铁道大学 Sand disposal device for highway-railway track sand remover
CN104986001A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-21 石家庄铁道大学 Track sand removal vehicle for both highway and railway
CN104878715B (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-06-01 石家庄铁道大学 Highway and railway two-purpose rail removes sand car sand discharge apparatus
CN104986001B (en) * 2015-06-10 2017-05-03 石家庄铁道大学 Track sand removal vehicle for both highway and railway
CN109338978A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-02-15 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 A kind of comprehensive removing railway sand and the device for encapsulating sand
CN110172945A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-27 中国铁建高新装备股份有限公司 Ballast bed of track removes sand vehicle
CN110172946A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-08-27 石家庄铁道大学 Self-propelled track removes sand vehicle

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RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
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Granted publication date: 20120530

Effective date of abandoning: 20150520