CN202081349U - New concept railroad rail road and locomotive thereof - Google Patents

New concept railroad rail road and locomotive thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202081349U
CN202081349U CN 201120016011 CN201120016011U CN202081349U CN 202081349 U CN202081349 U CN 202081349U CN 201120016011 CN201120016011 CN 201120016011 CN 201120016011 U CN201120016011 U CN 201120016011U CN 202081349 U CN202081349 U CN 202081349U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
locomotive
railway
rail
directive wheel
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201120016011
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙又能
孙琛
孙逸君
Original Assignee
孙又能
孙琛
孙逸君
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孙又能, 孙琛, 孙逸君 filed Critical 孙又能
Priority to CN 201120016011 priority Critical patent/CN202081349U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202081349U publication Critical patent/CN202081349U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F13/00Rail vehicles characterised by wheel arrangements, not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B7/00Switches; Crossings

Abstract

The utility model discloses a new concept railroad railway and locomotive thereof, solves the problem of locomotive running frequency restriction in current railway caused that the driving direction of the train must by changed by a movable track switch. The utility model is characterized in that: a directive wheel (1) is added in front of each group of wheels (14) on a locomotive (13); the shape of the recessed groove of the directive wheel (1) is corresponding to the shape of the upper portion of a rail (15); the directive wheels (1) are respectively mounted on the transverse shafts on both ends of two bracing frame (2); the bracing frames (2) are respectively a front and a rear crossbeam at the middle section of the locomotive bottom by the center holes (18); lifting devices are respectively disposed on the transverse shafts on both ends of the bracing frames (2). The utility model can be popularized and applied in most urban and suburban areas including long distance and short distance transportation.

Description

New ideas railway and locomotive thereof
One, technical field
The utility model belongs to the railway transportation facility, relates in particular to a kind of locomotive that can arbitrarily change the locomotive operation track.
Two, background technology
That railway transportation not only has is comparatively safe, quick, transport power big, low cost and other advantages, but also have pollute little, be not subjected to Changes in weather to influence the advantage of operation.It is that delivery vehicles such as highway, water route are incomparable.Present railway and locomotive thereof, through 200 years of development, locomotive develops into present more than 500 kilometers degree for tens kilometers by the speed per hour in past, the various modern facilities in from the profile of locomotive to car and the mode of operation of automation or the like aspect, train has been dealt into perfect degree basically.Say that according to reason railway transportation should be born the leading role of communications and transportation; But virtual condition is, the train number of any railway line locomotive in service is all quite few at present, do not satisfy the demand of people far away to communications and transportation, the main cause here is that existing locomotive can not freely be selected, the power to make decision that it where to go oneself has been given track switch, and track switch can not adapt to the needs that all kinds of locomotives will pass through fast again.Although track switch is through reform and development constantly, electronic by manually having developed into, it is let pass coastiong a few minutes at least, more than 10 minute at most, and hour several coastiongs of can only letting pass, maximum about 10 times.The track switch ability that present this change becomes does not allow locomotive with to walking, and it has only and will let pass in order by signal lamp then through the locomotive at track switch place from the queuing of its far place.So, track switch has just greatly restricted the number of run of locomotive, has limited the flow of railway transportation, makes the transport capacity of railway can not get fully playing, though track switch is little, restriction greatly.
Three, summary of the invention
The utility model has overcome on the present railway this movable track switch to the restriction of locomotive, provide a kind of can be by the own lane change of locomotive, simple and fast new ideas railway and locomotive thereof.
The technical solution of the utility model is: it is by railway, road junction and locomotive etc. partly constitute, set up a directive wheel in the front of every group of wheel of locomotive, the inner groovy shape of directive wheel is corresponding with the rail shaped upper part, directive wheel is installed in respectively on the transverse axis at two bracing frame two ends, bracing frame is installed on the middle front and back crossbeam in locomotive bottom by its centre bore, the transverse axis at bracing frame two ends is provided with hydraulic lift or vapour pressure lifting gear, also can adopt hydraulic pressure and vapour pressure lifting gear simultaneously, directive wheel is carried out lifting, and the other end of described lifting gear is installed on the vehicle body crossbeam.In order to guarantee the safety of locomotive in high-speed cruising, at two rail centers of railway a braking rail is installed, in the center of bottom, locomotive back one cover and the corresponding hydraulic brake system of braking rail is installed.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the one, because locomotive has been realized oneself selecting the road, lane change method by original dependence motor-operated switch just is out of use so, whole railway has all been saved for motor-operated switch or the needed expense of hand-operated points are installed, for the operation of motor-operated switch provides also cancel all of the personnel of service and facility, this investment and operation to railway construction is a very big saving.The 2nd, because the energy consumption of railway locomotive has only the 1/10-1/20 of on-highway motor vehicle energy consumption, again because original train does not possess the elimination of this shortcoming of flexibility that automobile possesses, automobile just not have existence necessity (except that special dimension), the high oil consumption of automobile will make it be eliminated, so, the time limit that utilizes of oil will prolong on the earth, and the shortage of oil will progressively be alleviated along with the extensive use of new ideas locomotive.The 3rd, the age of automobile, millions of even the up to ten million injures and deaths of human life on the earth have been caused, a lot of automobiles have also just become human life's lethal weapon, because railway locomotive is safe in thousand times in automobile, more than ten thousand times, along with the extensive use of new ideas railway and locomotive thereof, the miserable scene of car crash will reduce on the highway.The 4th, because the elimination of this obstacle of restriction train number of times, the necessity that does not also just have existence now as the train of long queue, present train is each passenger flow, logistics is carried out concentrating the needed time relatively, concerning the passenger, it is a kind of waste to life, what people needed is the travelling of not waiting, this new ideas railway and locomotive thereof will come in the face of the person of needs with the present transport power of every railway line more than 10 times, this advantage that innately possesses of railway will be fully played, people will no longer find great trouble in getting one's destination by public transport means, therefore human traffic will enter a flex point, promptly from difficulty to easily.The 5th, human investment to traffic also will reduce because the construction fund of the construction fund of double-tracking railways and a speedway is suitable, the application life of highway about 15-20, and the life-span of a railway line is at least more than a century.Therefore, enforcement of the present utility model will change the transportation general layout in the world.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Four, description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the small-sized station of a utility model railway structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model road junction structural representation;
Fig. 3 is novel directive wheel of this reality and rail schematic cross-section;
Fig. 4 is the utility model locomotive wheel, directive wheel mounting structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the utility model bracing frame, directive wheel working state schematic representation;
Fig. 6 is the utility model locomotive wheel and rail, directive wheel plane structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the utility model braking rail schematic cross-section.
Among the figure: 1 is directive wheel, and 2 is bracing frame, and 3 is hydraulic lift, and 4 is the vapour pressure lifting gear, 5 is left guard rail, and 6 is right guard rail, and 7 is left tongue, 8 is right tongue, and 9 is a left side main row rail and left tongue adjacent rail, and 10 is right main row rail and right tongue adjacent rail, 11 is railway, and 12 is road junction, and 13 is locomotive, 14 is wheel, and 15 is rail, and 16 is braking rail, 17 are the cement pillow, and 18 is the bracing frame centre bore, and 19 is the vehicle body crossbeam.
Five, the specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, it is the little station of double-tracking railways, on these double-tracking railways both sides, station two stopwaies and two branch by-paths are arranged respectively, stopway and the whole designs of branch by-path the right in the locomotive operation direction, there are 12 road junctions 12 at this station, at each road junction 12 place, must get up the rail in the prior art railway switch according to the needed fixed-site of wheel 14 driving traces of locomotive 13, also can be cast as one to left tongue 7 and a left side main row rail and left tongue adjacent rail 9 these sections according to shown in Figure 2, right tongue 8 and right main row rail and right tongue adjacent rail 10 these sections also are cast as one, and tongue and adjacent rail intermediate space all are controlled in the 38-42 millimeter scope.Left guard rail 5 and right guard rail 6 in the middle of the road junction 12 also must be fixed according to the movement locus of locomotive wheel 14, and under the about 11 centimetres situation of present wheel width, this way is can be practicable.In order to satisfy the needs of transportation, the new ideas railway can be made two-way Four-Lane Road, also can make two-way two tracks, if Four-Lane Road, middle two tracks are free way, speed per hour is the 300-500 kilometer, every 50-100 kilometer is established a stop, two tracks on both sides are road at a slow speed, and speed per hour is below 200 kilometers, and every 5-10 kilometer is established a stop, each stop is located at the right of locomotive operation direction, free way and at a slow speed the road do not gang up in general highway section, can gang up in the appropriate location before and after the big station, in the design of city line, can carry out main line both sides stop and branch line are all arranged, but this design can not have cross wire, can be designed to " T " word line and one-way road, can be the multiple line design in two different streets.A locomotive can be established 8 wheels, two wheels are one group (as shown in Figure 6), (also practicable four groups of four-wheel systems or the system of taking turns four groups) more, can establish two groups in these four groups wheels is driving wheel, also can establish three groups or four groups, type of drive can be with electronic or oily moving, or battery power, establish a directive wheel 1 in the front of every group of wheel 14, the shape of the inner groovy of directive wheel 1 and rail 15 shaped upper parts corresponding (as shown in Figure 3), a car is established four directive wheels altogether, directive wheel 1 is installed in respectively on the transverse axis at two bracing frame 2 two ends (as shown in Figure 5), bracing frame 2 is installed on the middle front and back crossbeam in locomotive bottom by its centre bore 18, the transverse axis at bracing frame 2 two ends is provided with hydraulic lift 3 or vapour pressure lifting gear 4, also can adopt hydraulic lift 3 and vapour pressure lifting gear 4 simultaneously, the transverse axis at support frame as described above 2 and two ends is overall structures, one end of lifting gear is installed on the transverse axis of bracing frame 2, the other end is installed on the vehicle body crossbeam 19, install if lifting gear is vertical, available plain bearing is connected with transverse axis two with the vehicle body crossbeam; If the connecting axle (as shown in Figure 4) on transverse axis and the vehicle body crossbeam directly is inserted in non-perpendicular installation, available oscillating bearing.About four directive wheels 1 are divided into two groups, two on the left side is a left side group wheel, and two on the right be that right group is taken turns (as shown in Figure 6).If Liang Tiaodao is being put in the locomotive front, locomotive just puts down left side group directive wheel if walk left road, allows it contact with rail in the left side in two rails, when these two directive wheels when left rail advances, locomotive certainty be advanced along Zuo Dao; If locomotive will be walked right road, at 100 meters of distance road junction precontract, put down right group directive wheel, rail advances along the right to allow it, must cause the locomotive right lateral like this, locomotive can all rise about 2-3 centimetre to four directive wheels in the non-fork in the road place's operation that does not have lane change, makes directive wheel be in off working state.In order to guarantee the safety of locomotive in high-speed cruising, a braking rail 16 is installed at two rail centers at railway, braking rail is not installed in about 100 meters place before and after stopway AT STATION and the road junction place, braking rail is higher than 18 centimetres to 20 centimetres on operation rail, the cement pillow 17 at braking rail place is higher than the cement pillow (as shown in Figure 7) at operation rail place, in the center of bottom, locomotive back one cover and the corresponding hydraulic brake system of braking rail is installed.When needs are done brake hard, thereby the brake(-holder) block of installing on the locomotive is pressed to the braking that braking rail 16 reaches locomotive by hydraulic means, and after braking was finished, brake(-holder) block is automatically withdrawn into treated pressure condition.This check mechanism is as an additional measure of existing conventional wheel brake system on the locomotive, will make locomotive obtain under any circumstance driving safety.

Claims (2)

1. new ideas railway and locomotive thereof, it comprises railway (11), road junction (12) and locomotive (13), it is characterized in that: set up a directive wheel (1) in the front of every group of wheel of locomotive (13) (14), the inner groovy shape of directive wheel (1) is corresponding with rail (15) shaped upper part, directive wheel (1) is installed in respectively on the transverse axis at two bracing frames (2) two ends, bracing frame (2) is installed on the middle front and back crossbeam in locomotive bottom by its centre bore (18), the transverse axis at bracing frame (2) two ends is provided with lifting gear, and the other end of described lifting gear is installed on the vehicle body crossbeam (19).
2. new ideas railway according to claim 1 and locomotive thereof, it is characterized in that: a braking rail (16) is installed at two rails (15) center at railway (11), in the center of bottom, locomotive (13) back one cover and the corresponding hydraulic brake system of braking rail (16) is installed.
CN 201120016011 2011-01-11 2011-01-11 New concept railroad rail road and locomotive thereof Expired - Fee Related CN202081349U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120016011 CN202081349U (en) 2011-01-11 2011-01-11 New concept railroad rail road and locomotive thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120016011 CN202081349U (en) 2011-01-11 2011-01-11 New concept railroad rail road and locomotive thereof
PCT/CN2011/002049 WO2012094792A1 (en) 2011-01-11 2011-12-08 Railway system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202081349U true CN202081349U (en) 2011-12-21

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CN (1) CN202081349U (en)
WO (1) WO2012094792A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012094792A1 (en) * 2011-01-11 2012-07-19 孙又能 Railway system
CN105600324A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-05-25 中国联合工程公司 Rail rolling wheel device and seamlessly crossed steel rail matched with same for use
CN110644300A (en) * 2018-06-26 2020-01-03 比亚迪股份有限公司 Level crossing internal guide type turnout and rail transit system with same

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP6277317B1 (en) * 2017-10-03 2018-02-07 株式会社バインドテクノ Derailment prevention device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3804025A (en) * 1972-05-22 1974-04-16 Auto Crane Co Convertible rail-highway vehicle
ES2014776A6 (en) * 1989-07-12 1990-07-16 Rius Carbonell Martin Improvements in railways and installations of the corresponding tracks for obtaining high speeds
CN2378432Y (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-05-17 吴琦 Fixed frog
CN201343037Y (en) * 2009-01-23 2009-11-11 刘潇 Train with single main wheel and double auxiliary wheels
CN202081349U (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-12-21 孙又能 New concept railroad rail road and locomotive thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012094792A1 (en) * 2011-01-11 2012-07-19 孙又能 Railway system
CN105600324A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-05-25 中国联合工程公司 Rail rolling wheel device and seamlessly crossed steel rail matched with same for use
CN105600324B (en) * 2016-03-11 2018-03-16 中国联合工程公司 Track roller device and seamless intersect steel track with what it was used cooperatively
CN110644300A (en) * 2018-06-26 2020-01-03 比亚迪股份有限公司 Level crossing internal guide type turnout and rail transit system with same
CN110644300B (en) * 2018-06-26 2021-03-26 比亚迪股份有限公司 Level crossing internal guide type turnout and rail transit system with same

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111221

Termination date: 20160111

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee