CN202063892U - Chinese tallow seed decorticator - Google Patents

Chinese tallow seed decorticator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202063892U
CN202063892U CN2011201610923U CN201120161092U CN202063892U CN 202063892 U CN202063892 U CN 202063892U CN 2011201610923 U CN2011201610923 U CN 2011201610923U CN 201120161092 U CN201120161092 U CN 201120161092U CN 202063892 U CN202063892 U CN 202063892U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chinese tallow
active roll
frame
running roller
tallow tree
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011201610923U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨志斌
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HUBEI PROV INST OF FORESTRY SCIENCES
Original Assignee
HUBEI PROV INST OF FORESTRY SCIENCES
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Priority to CN2011201610923U priority Critical patent/CN202063892U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202063892U publication Critical patent/CN202063892U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a Chinese tallow seed decorticator which comprises a frame, a feed hopper, a motor, a driving device, a driving roller, an air blower, a kernel discharge slideway and a shell discharge slideway, wherein the feed hopper, the driving device, the driving roller, the air blower, the kernel discharge slideway and the shell discharge slideway are installed on the frame, the feed hopper is positioned above the frame, the motor is connected with the driving device, the driving device is connected with the driving roller, the driving roller is arranged under the feed hopper, the air blower is arranged under the driving roller, and the kernel discharge slideway and the shell discharge slideway are arranged under the air blower. The Chinese tallow seed decorticator is characterized in that the Chinese tallow seed decorticator also comprises a driven roller, wherein the driven roller is installed on the frame, the driven roller is connected with the frame in a rolling friction way, the axial line of the driven roller is parallel to that of the driving roller, and the axial lines of the driven roller and the driving roller are arranged on the same horizontal plane. The Chinese tallow seed decorticator has high production efficiency and low energy consumption.

Description

Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Chinese tallow tree seed processing mechanical apparatus, particularly relates to Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator.
Background technology
Chinese tallow tree is one of four big woody oleiferous plants plants, can extract two kinds of greases (Chinese tallow tree fat, Chinese catalpa oil) on Chinese tallow tree oil plant seed simultaneously, and therefore, Chinese tallow tree is a kind of rare oil crops.Chinese tallow tree seed surface is used for producing white Chinese tallow tree oil (being skin oil, Chinese tallow tree wax or Chinese tallow tree fat again) with one deck wax; Can squeeze oil that tawny can match in excellence or beauty with tung oil in the Chinese tallow tree seed Chinese catalpa oil (being blue or green oil again).Want to squeeze Chinese catalpa oil, must separate the benevolence of Chinese tallow tree seed and shell earlier, just peel off, squeeze Chinese catalpa oil with its benevolence again.
At present, except that having on a small quantity artificial bump peels off, adopt the mode of mechanical workout to finish, Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator commonly used is to utilize the squeezing action of running roller to make the fragmentation of Chinese tallow tree seed more, and different according to the proportion of benevolence and shell are then blown off benevolence and shell with blower fan and to be come.
But existing Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator has only a running roller, adds man-hour, and the Chinese tallow tree seed is between running roller and frame, and frame is not moved, and like this, in the course of processing, is sliding friction between Chinese tallow tree seed and the frame, and the friction resistance of sliding friction is big, and production efficiency is low, and energy consumption is low.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator, this Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator production efficiency height, and energy consumption is low.
In order to achieve the above object, Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator of the present utility model, comprise frame, hopper, electric motor, transmission mechanism, active roll, blower, go out the benevolence slideway and go out the shell slideway, hopper, transmission mechanism, active roll, blower, going out the benevolence slideway and going out the shell slideway all is installed on the frame, hopper is positioned at the top of frame, electric motor is connected with transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism is connected with active roll, active roll is below hopper, blower is below active roll, go out the benevolence slideway and go out the shell slideway below blower, it is characterized in that: also comprise driven running roller, driven running roller is installed on the frame, adopts the rolling resistance mode to be connected between driven running roller and the frame, the axis of driven running roller is parallel with the axis of active roll, and the axis of driven running roller and the axis of active roll are on same horizontal plane.
Because also driven running roller is arranged, and the axis of driven running roller is parallel with the axis of active roll, the axis of driven running roller and the axis of active roll are on same horizontal plane, fall between active roll and the driven running roller from the Chinese tallow tree seed that hopper falls, electric motor is connected with transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism is connected with active roll, the rotation of electric motor drives the rotation of active roll, active roll rotates to make between active roll and the Chinese tallow tree seed and produces frictional force, the frictional force that produces moves downward the Chinese tallow tree seed, and moving downward of Chinese tallow tree seed drives driven running roller rotation, and the Chinese tallow tree seed is pushed and fragmentation by active roll and driven running roller in moving downward process, in this process, Chinese tallow tree kind subband driven roll wheel rotates, and adopts the rolling resistance mode to be connected between driven running roller and the frame, and resistance is little, the production efficiency height, energy consumption is low.
Described Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator is characterized in that: also comprise the spacing setting device, the spacing setting device is made up of handwheel, screw rod and nut, screw rod and nut adopt thread fit, handwheel is installed in an end of screw rod, and the other end of screw rod is connected with driven running roller, and nut is fixedly mounted on the frame.The effect of spacing setting device is the spacing that is used for regulating between active roll and the driven running roller, to adapt to the Chinese tallow tree seed of the different big small batches of processing.
Described Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator is characterized in that: also include the charging setting device, the charging setting device is installed in the top of hopper below, active roll.The effect of charging setting device is the aperture size of regulating the hopper outlet, is used for regulating process velocity.
During work, the Chinese tallow tree seed is fallen between active roll and the driven running roller from the hopper outlet, the rotation of electric motor drives actuator movement, actuator movement drives active roll and rotates, active roll rotates to make between active roll and the Chinese tallow tree seed and produces frictional force, the frictional force that produces moves downward the Chinese tallow tree seed, moving downward of Chinese tallow tree seed drives driven running roller rotation, the Chinese tallow tree seed is pushed and fragmentation by active roll and driven running roller in moving downward process, broken Chinese tallow tree seed falls between active roll and driven running roller, in the process that falls, blower blows to broken Chinese tallow tree seed always, because Chinese tallow tree benevolence is different with shell and proportion, Chinese tallow tree benevolence and shell are by the blower different distance of blowing off, enter out the benevolence slideway respectively and go out the shell slideway, Chinese tallow tree benevolence and shell are separated to come.
Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator of the present utility model, the production efficiency height, energy consumption is low.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of the utility model Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the side-view of Fig. 2.
Embodiment
The explanation of Fig. 1 mark: hopper 1, frame 2, active roll 3, blower 4 goes out benevolence slideway 5, and driven running roller 6 goes out shell slideway 7.
The explanation of Fig. 2 mark: charging setting device 8, spacing setting device 9, nut 10, handwheel 11, screw rod 12.
The explanation of Fig. 3 mark: transmission mechanism 13.
Referring to Fig. 1, the embodiment of the utility model Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator comprises frame 2, hopper 1, electric motor, transmission mechanism 13(is referring to Fig. 3), active roll 3, driven running roller 6, blower 4, go out benevolence slideway 5 and go out shell slideway 7, hopper 1, transmission mechanism 13, active roll 3, blower 4, go out benevolence slideway 5 and go out shell slideway 7 all to be installed on the frame 2, hopper 1 is positioned at the top of frame 2, electric motor is connected with transmission mechanism 13, transmission mechanism 13 is connected with active roll 3, active roll 3 is below hopper 1, blower 4 is below active roll 3, go out benevolence slideway 5 and go out shell slideway 7 below blower 4, driven running roller 6 is installed on the frame 2, adopt the rolling resistance mode to be connected between driven running roller 6 and the frame 2, the axis of driven running roller 6 is parallel with the axis of active roll 3, and the axis of the axis of driven running roller 6 and active roll 3 is on same horizontal plane.
Because also driven running roller 6 is arranged, and the axis of driven running roller 6 is parallel with the axis of active roll 3, the axis of the axis of driven running roller 6 and active roll 3 is on same horizontal plane, fall between active roll 3 and the driven running roller 6 from the Chinese tallow tree seed that hopper 1 falls, electric motor is connected with transmission mechanism 13, transmission mechanism 13 is connected with active roll 3, the rotation of electric motor drives the rotation of active roll 3, active roll 3 rotates to make between active roll 3 and the Chinese tallow tree seed and produces frictional force, the frictional force that produces moves downward the Chinese tallow tree seed, moving downward of Chinese tallow tree seed drives driven running roller 6 rotations, the Chinese tallow tree seed is pushed and fragmentation by active roll 3 and driven running roller 6 in moving downward process, in this process, Chinese tallow tree kind subband driven roll wheel 6 rotates, and employing rolling resistance mode is connected between driven running roller 6 and the frame 2, and resistance is little, the production efficiency height, energy consumption is low.
Referring to Fig. 2, Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator of the present utility model, also be provided with spacing setting device 9, spacing setting device 9 is made up of handwheel 11, screw rod 12 and nut 10, screw rod 12 adopts thread fit with nut 10, handwheel 11 is installed in an end of screw rod 12, and the other end of screw rod 12 is connected with driven running roller 6, and nut 10 is fixedly mounted on the frame 2.The effect of spacing setting device 9 is the spacings that are used for regulating between active roll 3 and the driven running roller 6, to adapt to the Chinese tallow tree seed of the different big small batches of processing.
Referring to Fig. 2, Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator of the present utility model also is provided with charging setting device 8, and charging setting device 8 is installed in the top of hopper 1 below, active roll 3.The effect of charging setting device 8 is the aperture sizes of regulating hopper 1 outlet, is used for regulating process velocity.
Referring to Fig. 2, the transmission mechanism 13 of the utility model Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator adopts the band transmission, and the band drive mechanism is simple, cost is low.
During work, the Chinese tallow tree seed is fallen between active roll 3 and the driven running roller 6 from hopper 1 outlet, the rotation of electric motor drives transmission mechanism 13 motions, transmission mechanism 13 motions drive active roll 3 and rotate, active roll 3 rotates to make between active roll 3 and the Chinese tallow tree seed and produces frictional force, the frictional force that produces moves downward the Chinese tallow tree seed, moving downward of Chinese tallow tree seed drives driven running roller 6 rotations, the Chinese tallow tree seed is pushed and fragmentation by active roll 3 and driven running roller 6 in moving downward process, broken Chinese tallow tree seed falls between active roll 3 and driven running roller 6, in the process that falls, blower 4 blows to broken Chinese tallow tree seed always, because Chinese tallow tree benevolence is different with shell and proportion, Chinese tallow tree benevolence and shell are by the blower 4 different distance of blowing off, enter out benevolence slideway 5 respectively and go out shell slideway 7, Chinese tallow tree benevolence and shell are separated to come.
Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator of the present utility model, the production efficiency height, energy consumption is low, and promoting the use of it to improving the productivity that the Chinese tallow tree seed is peeled off, reduces production costs, and reducing energy consumption has positive meaning.

Claims (3)

1. Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator, comprise frame, hopper, electric motor, transmission mechanism, active roll, blower, go out the benevolence slideway and go out the shell slideway, hopper, transmission mechanism, active roll, blower, going out the benevolence slideway and going out the shell slideway all is installed on the frame, hopper is positioned at the top of frame, electric motor is connected with transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism is connected with active roll, active roll is below hopper, blower is below active roll, go out the benevolence slideway and go out the shell slideway below blower, it is characterized in that: also comprise driven running roller, driven running roller is installed on the frame, adopt the rolling resistance mode to be connected between driven running roller and the frame, the axis of driven running roller is parallel with the axis of active roll, and the axis of driven running roller and the axis of active roll are on same horizontal plane.
2. Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the spacing setting device, the spacing setting device is made up of handwheel, screw rod and nut, screw rod and nut adopt thread fit, handwheel is installed in an end of screw rod, the other end of screw rod is connected with driven running roller, and nut is fixedly mounted on the frame.
3. Chinese tallow tree seed decorticator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also include the charging setting device, the charging setting device is installed in the top of hopper below, active roll.
CN2011201610923U 2011-05-19 2011-05-19 Chinese tallow seed decorticator Expired - Fee Related CN202063892U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201610923U CN202063892U (en) 2011-05-19 2011-05-19 Chinese tallow seed decorticator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201610923U CN202063892U (en) 2011-05-19 2011-05-19 Chinese tallow seed decorticator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202063892U true CN202063892U (en) 2011-12-07

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011201610923U Expired - Fee Related CN202063892U (en) 2011-05-19 2011-05-19 Chinese tallow seed decorticator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202063892U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102229854A (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-11-02 湖北省林业科学研究院 Decorticator for Chinese tallowseed
CN103238908A (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-14 苏有良 Nut shelling and sorting machine
CN106418557A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-22 福州大世界橄榄有限公司 Method and device for removing kernels for olive deep-processing

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102229854A (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-11-02 湖北省林业科学研究院 Decorticator for Chinese tallowseed
CN103238908A (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-14 苏有良 Nut shelling and sorting machine
CN106418557A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-22 福州大世界橄榄有限公司 Method and device for removing kernels for olive deep-processing
CN106418557B (en) * 2016-09-27 2018-10-12 福州大世界橄榄有限公司 De- kernel method for olive intensive processing and de- nuclear equipment

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111207

Termination date: 20130519