CN103238908A - Nut shelling and sorting machine - Google Patents

Nut shelling and sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103238908A
CN103238908A CN2013100892150A CN201310089215A CN103238908A CN 103238908 A CN103238908 A CN 103238908A CN 2013100892150 A CN2013100892150 A CN 2013100892150A CN 201310089215 A CN201310089215 A CN 201310089215A CN 103238908 A CN103238908 A CN 103238908A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
kernel
rubbing
casing
nut
hopper
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013100892150A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏有良
苏景浩
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苏有良
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Publication date
Application filed by 苏有良 filed Critical 苏有良
Priority to CN2013100892150A priority Critical patent/CN103238908A/en
Publication of CN103238908A publication Critical patent/CN103238908A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a nut shelling and sorting machine which comprises a housing case, a housing case cover, a feeding mechanism, a cracking mechanism and a separating mechanism. The feeding mechanism comprises a feeding hopper and a rotary evening rod; the cracking mechanism comprises fixed and rotary scrubbing squeezing discs, damping springs, adjusting bolts, a motor, a motor shaft and a motor support frame, and the fixed and rotary scrubbing squeezing discs are respectively provided with rubber scrubbing layers; a scrubbing squeezing channel with a gradually reduced gap is outwardly formed between the two rubber scrubbing layers, and the size of the gap at an outlet of the scrubbing squeezing channel is slightly larger than the average diameter of nuts; the separating mechanism comprises air inlet pipes, an annular blow pipe, a distributing hopper, a crushed shell discharge hopper, a kernel buffer nut, a kernel passing plate and a kernel discharge outlet; and the kernel buffer net is annularly and fixedly mounted along the inner wall of the housing case. Compared with the prior art, the nut shelling and sorting machine has the advantages of capabilities of uniformly and orderly feeding the nuts and thoroughly separating kernels from shells, and high shelling efficiency and kernel completeness rate.

Description

Nut shelling separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of nut cracker, belong to field of food processing machinery and equipment.
Background technology
Pine nut, almond, fibert, gingko etc. are owing to hard, the out-of-shape of its shell, and the shelling difficulty of processing is bigger, in the prior art, and main centrifugal bump method, the attrition crushing method of adopting of this class nut shelling.The centrifugal bump method is to utilize centrifugal force that nut is dished out at a high speed, the collision body, and this kind method shell-breaking rate is low, and particularly for the almond that rigid shell is arranged, shell-breaking rate such as pine nut only has 10~20%, and kernel percentage of damage height.
The attrition crushing method is to utilize the gap of nut by determining, the broken shell of nut pressurized, and number for CN2011945359Y discloses a kind of nut cracker, it comprises feeding mechanism, broken shell mechanism and separating mechanism as: Granted publication.This invention be utilize centrifugal force make nut enter moving, decide friction friction passage gradually little between friction pulley, the broken shell of nut pressurized.Decide friction pulley and be provided with centre bore formation charging aperture.This type is because the friction passage adjustable gaps, so be fit to the nut of different size, and shelling efficient improves with the more similar type of kernel serviceability rate, but because just deciding dynamic friction wheel outsourcing casing below, this invention discharging opening opened local discharging opening, under action of centrifugal force, kernel and broken shell part are by the discharging opening of dishing out, and part is brought into friction passage once more.And producing sharp impacts and friction with casing, this greatly reduces shelling efficient and kernel percentage of head rice.Be mixed and disorderly the accumulation because of nut at charging aperture again, nut can collide mutually at charging aperture under the high speed rotation of dynamic friction wheel drives, influence the smooth engaging friction passage of nut, and can not be evenly distributed between fixed, the dynamic friction wheel gap, this aggravates broken shell to cutting and the collision of kernel, reduce the percentage of head rice of kernel, also reduced the broken shell efficient of nut.Simultaneously because of discharging opening the buffering shock-absorbing means is not set, the kernel that flies out with go out bin wall and bump, also can reduce the percentage of head rice of kernel.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome existing nut exuviating technology shortcoming, proposition can realize that the nut charging is uniform sequential, shelling efficient height, kernel percentage of head rice height, kernel separate the separator of nut shelling completely with shell.
Purpose of the present invention realizes by following technical proposals:
A kind of nut shelling separator comprises casing, casing cap, feeding mechanism, broken shell mechanism and separating mechanism, it is characterized in that: described feeding mechanism is made up of feed hopper, rotation material-homogenating rod; Described feed hopper is fixedly mounted on the casing cap; Described broken shell mechanism is made up of the fixedly rubbing extruding disk that the rubber kneading layer is installed, rotation rubbing extruding disk, shock-absorbing spring, adjusting bolt, motor, motor shaft, motor bracing frame that the rubber kneading layer is installed;
Outward direction between the described two rubber kneading layers is formed with the rubbing squeezing passage that the gap diminishes gradually, and rubbing squeezing passage outlet gap is slightly larger than the average diameter of kernel; Described fixedly rubbing extruding disk is installed on the casing cap by regulating bolt;
The screw rod end of described adjusting bolt is with shock-absorbing spring; Described rotation rubbing extruding disk is fixedlyed connected with motor shaft; Described rotation material-homogenating rod is fixedlyed connected with motor shaft, and and described feed hopper between form annular blanking channel; Described motor bracing frame is fixedly mounted on the casing; Described motor is fixedly mounted on the motor bracing frame;
Described separating mechanism by left air inlet pipe, right air inlet pipe, annular blower, divide that hopper, broken shell discharge bucket, kernel buffering net, kernel are crossed flitch, the kernel discharging opening is formed; Described left air inlet pipe, right air inlet pipe are installed on the casing, and are communicated with annular blower, and it is distinguished and admirable to form annular; Described kernel buffering net is fixedly mounted on the casing, and the position is kernel hits casing because centrifugal force flies out position; Hopper, broken shell discharge bucket all were fixedly mounted on the motor bracing frame in described minute; The maximum outer ring radius of described minute hopper is that broken shell then can touch branch hopper inner wall position because centrifugal force flies out after self gravitation and the wind-force comprehensive function from annular blower; Described kernel is crossed flitch and is fixedly mounted on the casing from the horizontal by certain angle, and identical with the kernel discharging opening.
Further, the rubbing compressive plane of described fixedly rubbing extruding disk and horizontal plane angle are 8 °~12 °.
Further, the middle part of described rotation rubbing extruding disk is the round platform that raises up, and the round platform bottom is greater than the top.
Further, the upper surface of the rubber kneading layer on the described rotation rubbing extruding disk is evenly distributed with the rubbing rib tangent with circle at the bottom of the boss that rotates the rubbing extruding disk.
Further, described rubbing rib number is 5~7.
Further, the base diameter of the round platform on the described rotation rubbing extruding disk is identical with feed hopper outlet interior diameter.
Further, described annular blanking channel gap is slightly larger than material size.
Further, it is distinguished and admirable that described annular blower can blow out annular, and its wind direction and horizontal plane angle are 30 °~70 °.
Operation principle of the present invention: in raw material shelling first being processed, regulate bolt by adjusting on request, adjust fixedly rubbing extruding disk and the gap that rotates the rubbing squeezing passage between the rubbing extruding disk, can realize that like this different size nut processes.Under the rotation of material-homogenating rod drives raw material through annular blanking channel orderly enter the rubbing squeezing passage.Simultaneously, outward direction between two-layer rubber kneading layer, the rubbing squeezing passage that the gap that forms diminishes gradually, rubbing squeezing passage outlet gap is slightly larger than the average diameter of kernel, under the high speed rotation of rotation rubbing extruding disk drove, material was thrown into the rubbing squeezing passage because of action of centrifugal force like this.After material is extruded broken shell in the rubbing squeezing passage, kernel and shell orderly being dished out successively under action of centrifugal force, cause and effect benevolence obtains higher centrifugal linear velocity than shell when being dished out, under the annular distinguished and admirable effect that annular blower blows out, kernel flies over the branch hopper, and it is online to impinge upon the kernel buffering, cause and effect benevolence buffering netting gear has cushioning effect, kernel can not crashed, and fallen kernel is crossed flitch through kernel, flows out from the kernel discharging opening.And shell is run into branch hopper inwall under the distinguished and admirable effect of annular, flows out from broken shell outlet.
Round platform on the described rotation rubbing extruding disk can make material enter smoothly in the rubbing squeezing passage.
The equally distributed rubbing rib of upper surface of the rubber kneading layer on the described rotation rubbing extruding disk, can make material under action of centrifugal force, further enter from rotation farther place, rubbing extruding disk center, also participate in simultaneously the rubbing pressing materials, thereby improve shelling efficient.
Have centre bore on the described rotation rubbing extruding disk, have keyway on the hole, can link to each other with motor reel 9.
The present invention compared with prior art has that the nut charging is uniform sequential, shelling efficient height, kernel percentage of head rice height, kernel separate characteristics completely with shell.
Description of drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art, to do to introduce simply to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or the description of the Prior Art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below only is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Nut shelling separator structure schematic diagram among Fig. 1 the present invention;
Rubber kneading layer structural representation among Fig. 2 the present invention on the rotation rubbing extruding disk
Among the figure: the 1-feed hopper; 2-rotates material-homogenating rod; 3-is the rubbing extruding disk fixedly; 4-rubbing squeezing passage; 5-rotation rubbing extruding disk; The right air inlet pipe of 6-; 7-kernel buffering net; 8-divides hopper; The 9-motor shaft; The broken shell discharge bucket of 10-; The 11-kernel is crossed flitch; 12-kernel discharging opening; The 13-motor; 14-motor bracing frame; The 15-casing; 16-rubber kneading layer; 17-rubber kneading layer; 18-left side air inlet pipe; 19-annular blower; 20-casing cap; The 21-shock-absorbing spring; 22-regulates bolt; The 23-blanking channel; 24-rubbing rib
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment only is the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment among the present invention, those of ordinary skills belong to the scope of protection of the invention not making the every other embodiment that obtains under the creative work prerequisite.
One of embodiment of the invention, the embodiment of the invention provide a kind of nut shelling separator, and as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 comprises casing 15, casing cap 20, feeding mechanism, broken shell mechanism and separating mechanism.
Feeding mechanism is made up of feed hopper 1, rotation material-homogenating rod 2, and feed hopper 1 is fixedly mounted on the casing cap 20.
Broken shell mechanism is by the fixedly rubbing extruding disk 3 that rubber kneading layer 17 is installed, the rotation rubbing extruding disk 5 of rubber kneading layer 16 is installed, shock-absorbing spring 21, regulate bolt 22, motor 13, motor shaft 9, motor bracing frame 14 is formed, outward direction between rubber kneading layer 17 and the rubber kneading layer 16, be formed with the rubbing squeezing passage that the gap diminishes gradually, rubbing squeezing passage outlet gap is slightly larger than the average diameter of kernel, the upper surface of rubber kneading layer 16 can have equally distributed rubbing rib 24, its number is 5~7, fixedly rubbing extruding disk 3 is installed on the casing cap 20 by regulating bolt 22, fixedly the rubbing compressive plane of rubbing extruding disk 3 and horizontal plane angle can be 8 °~12 °, the middle part of rotation rubbing extruding disk 5 can be the round platform that raises up, and the round platform bottom is greater than the round platform top, base diameter can be identical with feed hopper 1 outlet interior diameter, the screw rod end of regulating bolt 22 is with shock-absorbing spring 21, rotation rubbing extruding disk 5 is connected with motor shaft 9, rotation material-homogenating rod 2 is fixedlyed connected with motor shaft 9, and and the annular blanking channel 23 of formation between the feed hopper 1, its gap can be slightly larger than material size, motor 13 is fixedly mounted on the motor bracing frame 14, and motor bracing frame 14 is fixedly mounted on the casing 15.
Separating mechanism is by left air inlet pipe 18, right air inlet pipe 6, annular blower 19, divide hopper 8, broken shell discharge bucket 10, kernel buffering net 7, kernel is crossed flitch 11, kernel discharging opening 12 is formed, left side air inlet pipe 18, right air inlet pipe 6 is installed on the casing 15, and be communicated with annular blower 19, kernel buffering net 7 is along wall circular fixed installation in the casing 15, and the position is kernel hits casing 15 because centrifugal force flies out position, divide hopper 8, broken shell discharge bucket 10 all is fixedly mounted on the motor bracing frame 14, the maximum outer ring radius that divides hopper 8 is that broken shell then can touch branch hopper inner wall position because centrifugal force flies out after self gravitation and the wind-force comprehensive function from annular blower 19, kernel is crossed flitch 11 and is fixedly mounted on the casing 15 from the horizontal by certain angle, and identical with kernel discharging opening 12.
Broken shell is back because centrifugal force flies out can to touch branch hopper inner wall position after self gravitation and the wind-force comprehensive function from annular blower 19 in order to control better, and it is 30 °~70 ° that annular blower 19 blows out distinguished and admirable wind direction and the horizontal plane angle of annular.
The above; only be the specific embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, anyly is familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; can expect easily changing or replacing, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with the protection domain of described claim.

Claims (8)

1. a nut shelling separator comprises casing (15), casing cap (20), feeding mechanism, broken shell mechanism and separating mechanism, it is characterized in that:
Described feeding mechanism is made up of feed hopper (1), rotation material-homogenating rod (2); Described feed hopper (1) is fixedly mounted on the casing cap (20);
Described broken shell mechanism by the fixedly rubbing extruding disk (3) that rubber kneading layer (17) is installed, the rotation rubbing extruding disk (5) that rubber kneading layer (16) is installed, shock-absorbing spring (21), regulate bolt (22), motor (13), motor shaft (9), motor bracing frame (14) and form; Outward direction between described rubber kneading layer (17) and the rubber kneading layer (16) is formed with the rubbing squeezing passage that the gap diminishes gradually, and rubbing squeezing passage outlet gap is slightly larger than the average diameter of kernel; Described fixedly rubbing extruding disk (3) is installed on the casing cap (20) by regulating bolt (22); The screw rod end of described adjusting bolt (22) is with shock-absorbing spring (21); Described rotation rubbing extruding disk (5) is connected with motor shaft (9); Described rotation material-homogenating rod (2) is fixedlyed connected with motor shaft (9), and and described feed hopper (1) between form annular blanking channel (23); Described motor bracing frame (14) is fixedly mounted on the casing (15); Described motor (13) is fixedly mounted on the motor bracing frame (14);
Described separating mechanism by left air inlet pipe (18), right air inlet pipe (6), annular blower (19), divide that hopper (8), broken shell discharge bucket (10), kernel buffering net (7), kernel are crossed flitch (11), kernel discharging opening (12) is formed; Described left air inlet pipe (18), right air inlet pipe (6) are installed on the casing (15), and are communicated with annular blower (19), and it is distinguished and admirable to form annular; Described kernel buffering net (7) is along the interior wall circular fixed installation of casing (15), and the position is kernel hits casing (15) because centrifugal force flies out position; Hopper (8), broken shell discharge bucket (10) all were fixedly mounted on the motor bracing frame (14) in described minute; Described minute hopper (8) maximum outer ring radius to be broken shell can touch branch hopper inner wall position because of the centrifugal force back that flies out after self gravitation and the annular distinguished and admirable comprehensive function from annular blower (19); Described kernel is crossed flitch (11) and is fixedly mounted on the casing (15) from the horizontal by certain angle, and communicates with kernel discharging opening (12).
2. nut according to claim 1 shelling separator, it is characterized in that: the rubbing compressive plane of described fixedly rubbing extruding disk (3) and horizontal plane angle are 8 °~12 °.
3. nut according to claim 1 shelling separator, it is characterized in that: the middle part of described rotation rubbing extruding disk (5) is the round platform that raises up, and the round platform bottom is greater than the round platform top.
4. nut according to claim 3 shelling separator is characterized in that: the upper surface of described rubber kneading layer (16) is evenly distributed with and the tangent rubbing rib (24) of circle at the bottom of the boss that rotates rubbing extruding disk (5).
5. nut according to claim 4 shelling separator, it is characterized in that: the equally distributed rubbing rib of the upper surface of described rubber kneading layer (16) (24) number is 5~7.
6. nut according to claim 3 shelling separator is characterized in that: it is identical that the base diameter of the round platform on the described rotation rubbing extruding disk (5) and feed hopper (1) export interior diameter.
7. the nut shelling separator one of described according to claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that: described annular blanking channel (23) gap is slightly larger than material size.
8. nut according to claim 7 shelling separator, it is characterized in that: the annular wind direction that described annular blower (19) blows out and horizontal plane angle are 30 °~70 °.
CN2013100892150A 2013-03-20 2013-03-20 Nut shelling and sorting machine Pending CN103238908A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100892150A CN103238908A (en) 2013-03-20 2013-03-20 Nut shelling and sorting machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100892150A CN103238908A (en) 2013-03-20 2013-03-20 Nut shelling and sorting machine

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103521361A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-22 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Centrifugal device for recovering cut tobacco in rejected stem slivers
CN104258927A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 凤阳县小岗村粮油食品发展有限公司 Centrifugal flour mill
CN104473301A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-01 陈建农 Husk crushing and sorting system for walnuts and sorting technology
CN105876815A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-08-24 湖南农业大学 Nut shelling device with tapered millstone
CN110710691A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-21 安徽真心食品有限公司 Household melon seed shelling device
CN111772203A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-10-16 杭州电子科技大学 Chinese torreya removes green seedcase device
CN112544997A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-03-26 杭州电子科技大学 Integrated intelligent flaxseed dehulling device and method
CN113016261A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Small-size peanut huller for planting
CN113016262A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Hanging structure of concave plate sieve of huller
CN113016263A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Small-size breeding peel machine
CN113039892A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-29 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Peanut shelling roller with variable-diameter sine curve type flexible beating plates
CN113842976A (en) * 2021-09-09 2021-12-28 洪泽大洋盐化有限公司 Multistage screening and impurity removing device for high-purity industrial salt production

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SU1386095A1 (en) * 1985-08-08 1988-04-07 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт масличных культур им.В.С.Пустовойта Sheller of castor-oil plant vessels
CN2372923Y (en) * 1999-05-21 2000-04-12 陈杰 Huller for sea-buckthorn seed
CN201042190Y (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-04-02 杜献明 Decorticator for nut fruit
CN201194535Y (en) * 2007-12-29 2009-02-18 刘少达 Modified nuts shelling machine
CN202063892U (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-07 湖北省林业科学研究院 Chinese tallow seed decorticator
CN203136973U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-21 苏有良 Nut shelling and sorting machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1386095A1 (en) * 1985-08-08 1988-04-07 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт масличных культур им.В.С.Пустовойта Sheller of castor-oil plant vessels
CN2372923Y (en) * 1999-05-21 2000-04-12 陈杰 Huller for sea-buckthorn seed
CN201042190Y (en) * 2007-05-24 2008-04-02 杜献明 Decorticator for nut fruit
CN201194535Y (en) * 2007-12-29 2009-02-18 刘少达 Modified nuts shelling machine
CN202063892U (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-07 湖北省林业科学研究院 Chinese tallow seed decorticator
CN203136973U (en) * 2013-03-20 2013-08-21 苏有良 Nut shelling and sorting machine

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103521361A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-22 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Centrifugal device for recovering cut tobacco in rejected stem slivers
CN104258927A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 凤阳县小岗村粮油食品发展有限公司 Centrifugal flour mill
CN104258927B (en) * 2014-08-29 2017-05-03 凤阳县小岗村粮油食品发展有限公司 Centrifugal flour mill
CN105876815A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-08-24 湖南农业大学 Nut shelling device with tapered millstone
CN104473301A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-01 陈建农 Husk crushing and sorting system for walnuts and sorting technology
CN104473301B (en) * 2014-12-19 2016-04-27 陈建农 A kind of broken shell separation system of walnut and sorting process
CN110710691A (en) * 2019-10-11 2020-01-21 安徽真心食品有限公司 Household melon seed shelling device
CN111772203A (en) * 2020-06-18 2020-10-16 杭州电子科技大学 Chinese torreya removes green seedcase device
CN112544997A (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-03-26 杭州电子科技大学 Integrated intelligent flaxseed dehulling device and method
CN112544997B (en) * 2020-11-26 2021-08-31 杭州电子科技大学 Integrated intelligent flaxseed dehulling device and method
CN113016261A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Small-size peanut huller for planting
CN113016262A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Hanging structure of concave plate sieve of huller
CN113016263A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-25 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Small-size breeding peel machine
CN113039892A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-06-29 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Peanut shelling roller with variable-diameter sine curve type flexible beating plates
CN113842976A (en) * 2021-09-09 2021-12-28 洪泽大洋盐化有限公司 Multistage screening and impurity removing device for high-purity industrial salt production

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Application publication date: 20130814