CN1931002B - Protein material as substitute of fish meal powder and its production process - Google Patents

Protein material as substitute of fish meal powder and its production process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1931002B
CN1931002B CN2006100368470A CN200610036847A CN1931002B CN 1931002 B CN1931002 B CN 1931002B CN 2006100368470 A CN2006100368470 A CN 2006100368470A CN 200610036847 A CN200610036847 A CN 200610036847A CN 1931002 B CN1931002 B CN 1931002B
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dregs
beans
protease
pieces
ferment
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CN1931002A (en
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齐振雄
张家学
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Guangdong Haid Group Co., Ltd.
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GUANGDONG HAID FEED CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention is protein material as substitute of fish meal and belongs to the field of feed producing technology. Fresh aquatic product processing leftover and bean dregs are mixed in certain ratio and added with ferment; and the mixture is heated and sealed to ferment and enzymolyze and then dried in some drying apparatus, crushed, sieved and packed to form the substitute of fish meal. The present invention has the aquatic product processing leftover with rich proteinase capable of degrading antigen albumen in bean dregs and bean dregs with antioxidant activity and adsorbing property to protect the nutritious components in aquatic product processing leftover utilized fully. The product is powder with fish smell.

Description

Be used for protein raw materials that substitutes by fish meal and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The protein raw materials that the present invention is used for alternative fish meal belongs to field of fodder, particularly relates to a kind of protein raw materials and preparation method of alternative fish meal.
Technical background
At present, fish meal is to culture one of maximum animal protein source of sector application.Along with the development of culturing industry, the demand in feed protein source expands day by day, and the supply in feed protein source is subjected to the restriction of each side, makes the growth of its supply far below the growth of demand, and the supply of fish meal will inevitably the limiting feed industry and cultured the development of industry.Fish meal is widely applied in aquaculture and is made breeding water body sharply worsen, heavy damage the ecological environment of natural water.Therefore the new protein source of seeking alternative fish meal is the only way which must be passed of China's feedstuff industry.
Fish meal is the protein content height not only, and be rich in lysine etc. must amino acid, also contain a large amount of undersaturated aliphatic acid and growth factor simultaneously, have very strong attractant.The protein sources that substitutes fish meal at present mainly contains two big classes: the animal protein source that utilization rate is low, as feather meal, blood meal etc.; Be exactly plant protein source in addition, as soy protein isolate, rapeseed protein etc.But all there is shortcoming separately in top two classes, and often the amino acid balance index is low for the low animal protein source of utilization rate, has bad smell; Plant protein source then exists palatability bad, ANFs content height, the not high shortcoming of protein content; The unsaturated fatty acid content of this two classes substitute is all very low.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to avoid the deficiencies in the prior art part and provide a kind of utilization rate of protein and amino acid balance index also near fish meal, palatability and attractant and fish meal are suitable, protein raw materials that is used for alternative fish meal that environmentally safe destroys and preparation method thereof.
The objective of the invention is to reach by following measure, the enzymolysis process that adopts endogenous enzymes and exogenous enzymes to combine in conjunction with the leftover bits and pieces and the dregs of beans advantage separately of fresh processing of aquatic products, is produced a kind of high quality protein source that can substitute fish meal fully.
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products and dregs of beans are by weight with 0.1-10: 1 ratio is mixed, ratio by leftover bits and pieces and dregs of beans weight 0.1%-10% is added ferment, compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to 25-75 ℃, sealing enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation 6-72 hour, compound is transported to drying in the drying equipment, treats to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 60-200 ℃, crushing screening, and packing promptly obtains finished product.
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products rubs in advance, crosses mesh sieve, and removal of impurities is handled.
Dregs of beans carries out heat treated in advance, and temperature is controlled at 90-150 ℃, water content 8%-25%.
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products can be various fish and internal organ, also can be their mixture, for example squid and squid viscera.
Adding ferment can be polysaccharase, also can be protease, also can be the mixture of carbohydrase and protease.Polysaccharase is mannase, zytase and dextranase.Protease is papain and alkali protease.
Preparation method of the present invention is:
1, gets the leftover bits and pieces rubbing of fresh processing of aquatic products, cross 40 mesh sieves, removal of impurities;
2, choose the high-quality dregs of beans, carry out heat treated.Temperature 90-150 ℃, water content 8%-25%;
3, the fresh disposal from fishery product processing that will handle and dregs of beans 0.1-10 by weight: 1 ratio is mixed, and by the ratio interpolation ferment of leftover bits and pieces and dregs of beans weight 0.1%-10%; Adding ferment can be polysaccharase, also can be protease, also can be the mixture of carbohydrase and protease.
4, compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to 25-75 ℃, sealing enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation 6-72 hour; When treating the sour fragrance of trace, stop fermentation;
5, again compound is transported to drying in the drying equipment, treats to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 60-200 ℃;
6, crushing screening, packing promptly obtains finished product.
The present invention makes full use of the protease that is rich in fish and the internal organ antigen protein in the dregs of beans is degraded; add non-starch polysaccharide enzyme simultaneously and reduce SNSP in the dregs of beans; and then the quality of lifting soybean protein; utilize the antioxidation activity of oil meal such as dregs of beans and the nutritional labeling in absorption property protection fish and the internal organ on the other hand; particularly some flavor substances and grease reduce the loss of nutriment in the process.It not only cuts down the consumption of energy, and keeps simultaneously nutriment to greatest extent, eliminates the pollution of internal organ to environment, can also reduce the content of antigen protein and SNSP in the dregs of beans simultaneously, and this product has good fishlike smell, is powdery solid.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is a process chart of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The leftover bits and pieces squid viscera of fresh processing of aquatic products rubs, and crosses mesh sieve, and removal of impurities is handled, and dregs of beans carries out heat treated, and temperature is controlled at 90-150 ℃, water content 8%-25%.Squid viscera and dregs of beans be 0.1-10 by weight: 1 ratio is mixed, ratio in squid viscera and dregs of beans weight 0.1%-10% is added ferment, adding ferment can be polysaccharase, also can be polysaccharase, also can be the mixture of carbohydrase and protease, and compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to 25-75 ℃, sealing and fermenting enzymolysis 6-72 hour is transported to drying in the drying equipment, treats to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 60-200 ℃, crushing screening, and packing promptly obtains finished product.
Embodiment 1:
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products adopts squid viscera to rub, and crosses 40 mesh sieves, and removal of impurities is handled, and dregs of beans carries out heat treated, and temperature is controlled at 120 ℃, water content 20%.Squid viscera and dregs of beans 8: 8 ratio by weight mix, and add mannase in the ratio of squid viscera and dregs of beans weight 8%, and compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to 55 ℃, sealing and fermenting enzymolysis 60 hours is transported to drying in the drying equipment, treats to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 100 ℃, crushing screening, and packing promptly obtains finished product.
The conventional physics and chemistry of table one protein sources detects index
Index Crude protein Crude fat Moisture content
Content (%) 48.9 7.5 11.5
Embodiment 2:
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products adopts Tilapia mossambica steck and internal organ, rubs, and crosses 60 mesh sieves, and removal of impurities is handled, and dregs of beans carries out heat treated, and temperature is controlled at 100 ℃, water content 20%.Tilapia mossambica steck after the processing and internal organ and dregs of beans 6: 8 ratio by weight mix, ratio in Tilapia mossambica steck and internal organ and dregs of beans weight 1% is added papain, compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to 25 ℃, sealing and fermenting enzymolysis 70 hours, be transported to drying in the drying equipment, treat to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 200 ℃, crushing screening, and packing promptly obtains finished product.
Embodiment 3:
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products adopts discarded small fish and meat mincing, rubs, and crosses 20 mesh sieves, and removal of impurities is handled, and dregs of beans carries out heat treated, and temperature is controlled at 100 ℃, water content 20%.Small fish after the processing and meat mincing and dregs of beans 6: 8 ratio by weight mix, ratio in small fish and meat mincing and dregs of beans weight 1% is added zytase and papain, compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to 25 ℃, sealing and fermenting enzymolysis 70 hours, be transported to drying in the drying equipment, treat to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 200 ℃, crushing screening, and packing promptly obtains finished product.

Claims (2)

1. a protein raw materials that is used for substituting fish meal is characterized in that leftover bits and pieces and dregs of beans by fresh processing of aquatic products, and ferment is formed, and the leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products and dregs of beans mix, add ferment, stir, heating, sealing enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation, drying, crushing screening
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products and dregs of beans are by weight with 0.1-10: 1 ratio is mixed,
Ratio in leftover bits and pieces and dregs of beans weight 0.1%-10% is added ferment, adding ferment is polysaccharase or protease, or the mixture of polysaccharase and protease, and polysaccharase is mannase, zytase and dextranase, protease is papain and alkali protease
The leftover bits and pieces of fresh processing of aquatic products is various fish and internal organ, rubs in advance, crosses mesh sieve, and removal of impurities is handled,
Dregs of beans carries out heat treated in advance, and temperature is controlled at 90-150 ℃, water content 8%-25%.
2. a protein raw materials preparation method that is used for substituting fish meal is characterized in that
(1), the leftover bits and pieces of getting fresh processing of aquatic products is squid viscera, rubs, and crosses mesh sieve, removal of impurities;
(2), choose the high-quality dregs of beans, carry out heat treated, temperature 90-150 ℃, water content 8%-25%;
(3), the fresh disposal from fishery product processing that will handle and dregs of beans 0.1-10 by weight: 1 ratio is mixed, by the ratio interpolation ferment of leftover bits and pieces and dregs of beans weight 0.1%-10%; Adding ferment is the mixture of polysaccharase or protease or polysaccharase and protease; Polysaccharase is mannase, zytase and dextranase, and protease is papain and alkali protease,
(4), compound is stirred, simultaneously by being heated to the 25-75 degree, sealing enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation 6-72 hour; When treating the sour fragrance of trace, stop fermentation;
(5), again compound is transported to drying in the drying equipment, treats to get final product after moisture is lower than 12%; Baking temperature is 60-200 ℃;
(6), crushing screening, packing promptly obtains finished product.
CN2006100368470A 2006-08-01 2006-08-01 Protein material as substitute of fish meal powder and its production process Active CN1931002B (en)

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101530162B (en) * 2008-03-10 2011-11-23 北京大北农科技集团股份有限公司 Preparation method of novel protein feed additive
CN102864134A (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-01-09 江苏天福莱集团有限公司 Extraction technology for squid viscera enzyme
CN103070317B (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-11-20 山东省海洋水产研究所 Special compound feed for flounder juvenile fish and processing method
CN104970184A (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-14 中国海洋大学 Method of preparing protein powder through solid-phase fermentation by mixing salmon fat line and soybean meal
CN104970230A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-14 盐城恒兴饲料有限公司 Low-fish-meal compound feed for turbots
CN109198271A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-01-15 鲍源 Crab special feed and preparation method thereof

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Address after: 510630, room 1011, international trade building, No. 890 Tianhe North Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Tianhe District

Patentee after: Guangdong Haid Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: Panyu District City, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province town industrial zone 511400 Xiaoping eight Fu Ping Lu Street No. 5

Patentee before: Guangdong Haid Feed Co., Ltd.

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Owner name: GUANGDONG HAID GROUP CO., LTD.

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