CN1865574A - Milk protein fiber or its filament or its blended yarn dyeing method and coloured woven fabric producing method - Google Patents

Milk protein fiber or its filament or its blended yarn dyeing method and coloured woven fabric producing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1865574A
CN1865574A CN 200610028015 CN200610028015A CN1865574A CN 1865574 A CN1865574 A CN 1865574A CN 200610028015 CN200610028015 CN 200610028015 CN 200610028015 A CN200610028015 A CN 200610028015A CN 1865574 A CN1865574 A CN 1865574A
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China
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yarn
dyeing
milk protein
protein fiber
long filament
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CN 200610028015
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100507129C (en
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董勤霞
潘玉明
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上海题桥纺织染纱有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a manufacturing method of milk protein fiber or filament or blended yarn dyeing and yarn-colored product, which is characterized by the following: changing coiling density of yarn; controlling heating temperature; adopting segmented contraction in the cylinder yarn dyeing course; adding self-producing milk protein fiber dyeing specific adjuvant; utilizing polyacrylonitile or polyvinyl acetate alcohol as carrier realize active dyeing technology of milk protein fiber; solving the difficulties of flower color, weak color and bad fastening degree problem to produce excellent washing shrinkage and stable size yarn-dyed product through weaving, shrinking and softening and final disposal.

Description

Milk protein fiber or its long filament or its blended yarn dyeing and coloured woven fabric producing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production method that dyeing of a kind of milk protein fiber or its long filament or its blended yarn and look are knitted product, relate in particular to a kind of milk protein fiber and long filament thereof and also, sth. made by twisting, composite yarn or the dyeing of its short fiber blending yarn and the look production method of knitting product, belong to yarn dyeing and look and knit the woven technical field of production.
Background technology
Milk protein fiber and long filament thereof are high-grade tencel materials, it integrates the advantage of multiple natural protein fibre and chemical fibre, have close skin, support skin, moisture absorption, ventilative, soft, characteristics such as gloss becomes clear, outward appearance is luxurious, and physical and mechanical properties is good; And has a good weaving property; Compatibility with other fiber; Be not afraid of and damage by worms; Performances such as antibiotic, antibacterial, health care are the characteristics of one.But, the immature restriction of milk protein fiber staining technique and hamper its application and popularization in textile industry.
At present, the production of milk protein fiber has two kinds of different methods, all is that the casein depolymerization with amino acid line style in the milk protein becomes after the big molecule of straight chain, and the first is carrier graft copolymerization with the acrylonitrile; It two is to be carrier grafting polycondensation with vinyl acetate alcohol; After making spinning solution, adopt wet spinning technology to carry out the molecule exchange and be solidified into fibre, form the milk protein fiber long filament through drawing-off, oven dry, coiling.Through drawing-off, oven dry, curl, cut off and form the milk protein staple fibre.
Because the spinning solution difference of milk protein fiber, the carrier of polymerization is different with production technology, so the performance of fiber and dyeing way method also are not quite similar.At present traditional milk protein fiber and blended yarn dyeing thereof is not because there is special-purpose dyestuff, and the milk protein fiber of polyacrylonitrile carrier adopts cation dyes, REACTIVE DYES, acid dyeing usually; And the milk protein fiber of polyvinyl alcohol carrier adopts REACTIVE DYES, acid dyeing.But, owing to mostly in producing adopt big capacity, short liquor ratio, the saving energy, reduce the technologies that consume, reduce production cost, no matter adopt which kind of dyeing, all be very easy to occur problems such as look flower, aberration, dye-uptake are low, COLOR FASTNESS difference.Therefore, select wool industry loose stock dyeing commonly used, just seem very unimportant for look flower, aberration, problems such as thermal contraction not homochromy and fiber, perhaps when blending, add be no more than 20% low ratio milk protein fiber again with blending such as natural fabric, regenerated celulose fibre, synthetic fiber or interweave, stay white or do not consider the problems such as dyeability of milk protein fiber, the shortcoming of this production technology and production method is: can not produce at high proportion and pure milk protein fiber product, can not demonstrate fully the premium properties of milk fibre; Have a strong impact on the every COLOR FASTNESS index of product and the vividness of color, the saturation degree of dyeing, the uniformity of color and homochromatism; Feel can not be fully played, and causes all non-constant of flexibility, drapability, elasticity easily.Because milk protein fiber is wet spinning, fibrous inside contains the room of a lot of polar groups, longitudinal groove and cross sections, and fiber self has extremely strong heat-shrinkable and causes yarn or fabric shrink, size instability.Therefore, usually the milk protein fiber of polyacrylonitrile carrier adopts cation dyes, REACTIVE DYES, acid dyeing, when the milk protein fiber of polyvinyl alcohol carrier adopts the conventional method dyeing of REACTIVE DYES, ACID DYES, the difficult colouring of the protein part of milk fibre, very easily produce dye saturating, to dye irregular, aberration, look flower, feel poor, problems such as cloth cover sclerosis.So, no matter which kind of milk protein fiber and which kind of dyeing, except selecting the rational technological process of production for use, occur that look flower, aberration, COLOR FASTNESS are poor, the size instability is its dyeing and hinder milk protein fiber and use insoluble key problem in technology in textile industry.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide that a kind of dye stability is good, favorable reproducibility, even dyeing, COLOR FASTNESS height, feel good springiness, gloss is bright, loss and waste is little, technology is simple, easy to operate, consistent, dyeing back is realized easily producing and is promoted and the deep processing of product, improves that the high blending of milk protein fiber is when pure to be spun or its blended yarn dyes and look is knitted production method.
For realizing above purpose, technical scheme of the present invention provides the method that a kind of milk protein fiber or the dyeing of its blended yarn and look are knitted production, it is characterized in that, milk long filament or its milk staple fibre or its blended yarn, loose type coning, milk protein fiber special dyeing auxiliary agent, reactive dyeing.Its method is:
The first step: milk protein fiber or its long filament Bao Xin, coating, plying double twisting or its blended yarn loosely are wound on the smooth paper tube, become the long filament milk protein fiber of loose type coning or the cheese of its blended yarn, rolling density is 0.26g/cm 3-0.35g/cm 3, convoluting speed 8m/s-20m/s;
Second step: the mesh plastic tube that will dye cheese is squeezed in the paper tube, and the paper tube when withdrawing from loose type coning makes the bigger gap of generation between yarn and the plastic tube; If can reach above-mentioned rolling density during loose type coning, can change paper tube into plastic tube in the first step, directly finish the metal process and ignore second the step;
The 3rd step: with the synthetic high polymer film of reticulated or porous, long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn of loose type coning wrapped up, fluff when pine, slippage and dyeing very much to prevent yarn;
The 4th step: the cheese that will have plastic tube is put into yarn expansion, contraction, calibrator, carrying out temperature is 40 ℃-60 ℃, time is 10-20 minute damp and hot typing, be warming up to 75 ℃-85 ℃ again after making yarn obtain shrinking for the first time, time is 10-20 minute, makes yarn obtain shrinking for the second time, when yarn pack tightly netted mould pipe after, adorn cage, prepare dyeing.
The 5th step: dyeing
A. long filament milk protein fiber or its blended yarn that will adorn behind the cage are put into yarn package dyeing machine, add demineralized water according to bath raio and soak into long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn, add bleeding agent 0.5-3g/L then, yarn agent 1.0-5g/L deoils, speed with 1 ℃ of-3 ℃/min is warmed up to 75 ℃-85 ℃, be incubated 5-20 minute and dye pre-treatment, perhaps boil simultaneously according to common bleaching process and float pre-treatment, the consumption of alkali reduces by half during bleaching;
B. step a dress cage long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn are cooled to 60 ℃ of eliminating raffinates later on, the long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn that add water saturates dress cage again according to bath raio, add homemade milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant, dip method 1g/L-4g/L, running adds dyeing assistant, REACTIVE DYES behind the 5-10min again and shortly dyes salt and dye;
The dress cage long filament milk fibre that c. will dye or its blended yarn are warmed up to 30 ℃-50 ℃ with the rate of warming of 1 ℃ of-3 ℃/min, be incubated after 5-15 minute, rate of warming with 0.5 ℃ of-2 ℃/min is warmed up to 58 ℃-85 ℃ again, add alkaline agent, the reaction fixation between dyestuff and the fiber is carried out in insulation dyeing 20-70 minute;
D. fixation is good dress cage long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn are cooled to 50 ℃, and the raffinate of draining is washed the dyestuff of removing loose colour and hydrolysis;
E. in, dark yarn, will dyeing, dress cage long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn that washing is good, add color fixing agent M or other, be warmed up to 60 ℃-90 ℃ with the rate of warming of 1 ℃ of-2 ℃/min, be incubated 5-20 minute, cool off discharge opeing then;
F. according to the blending rate of yarn raw material, the resisdye of another component fibre is carried out in the designing requirement of product.Note taking into account the speed of intensification, the temperature of dyeing and the performance of milk protein fiber are mated mutually;
G. add water, add soft finishing agent according to bath raio again after the resisdye, continue to heat, be incubated 10-30 minute and carry out soft treatment to 50 ℃-70 ℃;
H. the dress cage long filament milk fibre after the softness or its blended yarn discharge opeing are cooled to normal temperature, dewater, the check of hot-air seasoning, semi-manufactured goods quality, rewinding are waxed, finished product inspection and packing;
The 6th step: weave
A. weaving of dyed yarn woven fabric: the long filament milk protein fiber after will dyeing or its blending dyed yarn line, divide tube, wax, beat up, warping, sizing, on the frame of weaving cotton cloth weave;
B. weaving of dyed yarn knitted fabric: the long filament milk protein fiber after will dyeing or the dyed yarn line of its blending, divide tube, wax, go up the knitting machine creel and weave;
C. weave:, suitably control Density and fabric compactness according to the grammes per square metre of design.Compare with conventional products, need loosen Density and tightness 8%-20%, during with assurance dyeing dressing, have sufficient shrink space, to reach suitable grammes per square metre, pliability and plentiful feel;
D. the post processing of yarn-dyed fabric: shrink to remove pollution when weaving, eliminate weaving tension, fabric shunk once more, to guarantee the washing shrinkage and the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of fabric.Process conditions: add neutral detergent, anti-piping compound or softener according to products material and blending ratio, temperature is 40 ℃~80 ℃, is incubated 10-20 minute.;
E. stentering forming: because the poor heat resistance of milk protein fiber, the content of milk fibre is high more in fabric, should note its setting temperature more, when general milk fibre content is above above 30%, damp and hot setting temperature should be strict controlled in below 120 ℃, xeothermic setting temperature can be controlled in below 150 ℃, carries out the shiinkproof finish once more of physics or chemistry simultaneously, to guarantee the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of fabric washing.
The paper tube diameter of described step 1 is 60mm-90mm; It is 50mm-80mm that described step 3 netted moulded the pipe diameter; Described bleeding agent consumption is 0.5-3g/L; The described yarn agent of deoiling is 1-5g/L; Described REACTIVE DYES is to fabric weight percentage 0.001%-10%.
Described milk protein fiber is that polyacrylonitrile is the milk protein fiber of carrier, or polyvinyl alcohol is the milk protein fiber of carrier.
Described milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant, response type Levelling Agents for Reactive Dyes by the plain chemistry product of Australia: 85-92 part, ethylene glycol amine: the crosslinking agent that 3-10 part, hexamethylene diamine and epoxychloropropane condensation form: 5-10 part, according to the percentage by weight of raw material composite after, through high-speed stirred, emulsification, evenly mixing, it is not stratified to reach preservation; The response type Levelling Agents for Reactive Dyes that the plain chemistry of described Australia produces is R-42; The crosslinking agent that described hexamethylene diamine and epoxychloropropane condensation form is EH-1.
Milk protein fiber of the present invention or its long filament or the dyeing of its blended yarn with yarn-dyed fabric are: pure milk protein long filament and milk protein short fiber yarn and yarn-dyed fabric; The yarn and the fabric of milk protein long filament and natural or regenerated celulose fibre and sth. made by twisting, plying, Bao Xin, cladding spinning; Yarn and the fabric of milk protein long filament and blended yarn thereof and spandex, polyamide fibre, polyolefin XLA, polyester PTT long filament Bao Xin; Composite yarn and fabric with the blended yarn of animal/vegetable protein fibers such as wool, the rabbit hair, cashmere, silk, milk staple fibre, soybean fiber and coating spandex, polyamide fibre, polyolefin XLA, polyester PTT long filament; Composite yarn and fabric with bast-fibre blended yarn coating spandexes such as flax, ramie, hemp, jute, flax, sisal hemp, regeneration fiber crops, polyamide fibre, polyolefin XLA, polyester PTT long filament; Multiple cellulose fibre, regenerated celulose fibre and milk short fiber blending yarn and fabrics such as natural cotton, fiber crops; The yarn and the fabric of synthetic staples such as terylene, polyamide fibre, acrylic fibers and milk short fiber blending; Artificial beef plant such as fibre and soya, zein fiber and milk protein fiber blended yarn and fabric; Animal protein fibre and milk protein fiber blended yarn and fabrics such as natural wool, cashmere, sheep suede, camel's hair, the rabbit hair, mohair; And the dyeing of milk protein fiber bulk fibre.
The present invention is milk protein fiber or its blended yarn, in the production process of bobbin yarn dyeing, rolling density by changing yarn, control programming rate, take segmentation to shrink, the time add homemade milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant in dyeing, solved at high proportion or problem that the pure milk protein fiber long filament that spins and blended yarn thereof and fabric can not dye.Adopt common REACTIVE DYES to solve the key issue of the milk protein fiber dyeing of different carriers.Heating up at a slow speed when adopting 48 ℃ of control milk fibre vitrification points, substep shrinks, the technology of dying on progressively, the control that change by rolling density in cartridge type yarn dyeing process, programming rate and substep shrink has solved look flower, aberration that cheese dyeing occurs easily, dye-uptake is low, COLOR FASTNESS is poor, chance is heat-shrinkable to key problem in technology problem such as can not dye.Comparing with traditional handicraft does not increase any new chemical pollutant, thereby obtains that shrinkage factor is moderate, the yarn or the look of dimensionally stable, even dyeing, bright-colored, every COLOR FASTNESS is good, dye utilization rate is high milk protein fiber knit product.Simultaneously loss and waste is little, technology is simple, easy to operate, consistent, the dyeing back is realized the deep processing of product easily.Advantage of the present invention is smooth, soft, phozy, the lousiness not of yarn and fabric face; Even dyeing, no color differnece and layer are poor, the COLOR FASTNESS height of yarn and fabric, and the dyeing favorable reproducibility, loss and waste is few, the row yielding height.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the example of implementing.
Embodiment 1:
The thread dyeing method that spins is twisted with the fingers, pools capital, cladded to long filament milk protein fiber and other long filament or blended yarn also:
The first step: long filament milk protein fiber and other long filament or its blended yarn loosely are wound on the smooth paper tube, become the long filament milk protein fiber of loose type coning or the cheese of its blended yarn, the diameter of coiling paper tube is 75mm, and rolling density is 0.28g/cm 3, convoluting speed 8m/s;
Second step: the mesh plastic tube extruding that cheese dyeing is used enters in the paper tube, and the paper tube of using when withdrawing from loose type coning makes the bigger gap of generation between yarn and the plastic tube, and the diameter of moulding pipe is 60mm; If can reach above-mentioned rolling density during loose type coning, can change paper tube into plastic tube in the first step, directly finish the process of metal and ignore second the step;
The 3rd step: with the synthetic high polymer film of reticulated or porous, long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn of loose type coning wrapped up, fluff when pine, slippage and dyeing very much to prevent in the dyeing course yarn;
The 4th step: the bobbin yarn that will have plastic tube is put into yarn expansion, contraction, calibrator, carrying out temperature is 50 ℃, time is 10 minutes damp and hot typing, be warming up to 80 ℃ again after making yarn obtain shrinking for the first time, time is 10 minutes, makes yarn obtain shrinking for the second time, when yarn pack tightly netted mould pipe after, cage is adorned in taking-up, prepares dyeing;
The 5th step: dyeing
A. long filament milk protein fiber or its blended yarn that will adorn behind the cage are put into yarn package dyeing machine, add demineralized water according to bath raio and soak into long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn, add JET bleeding agent 0.7g/L again, yarn agent WS or other 1.0g/L deoil, speed with 1 ℃ of-3 ℃/min is warmed up to 85 ℃, be incubated 15 minutes and carry out pre-treatment, perhaps carry out the boiling-off pre-treatment synchronously according to bleaching process, but note 1 ℃ of-2 ℃/min of control programming rate, the consumption of alkali reduces by half during bleaching;
B. long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn with step a dress cage is cooled to 60 ℃ of eliminating raffinates later on, the long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn that add water saturates dress cage again according to bath raio, add homemade milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant then, dip method 1g/L~4g/L, running 10min add dyeing assistant, REACTIVE DYES afterwards again and urge to dye salt and dye;
Response type dyestuff levelling agent R-42:90 part, ethylene glycol amine that described milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant is produced by the plain chemistry of Australia: crosslinking agent EH-1:5 part that 5 parts, hexamethylene diamine and epoxychloropropane condensation form, after the weight portion preparation, through high-speed stirred, emulsification, evenly mix, with reach preserve not stratified till;
C. will adorn the long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn that add dyestuff behind the cage, the speed of heating with 2 ℃/min is warmed up to 45 ℃, be incubated 15 minutes, the speed of heating with 1 ℃/min is warmed up to 60 ℃ again, need be warmed up to 80 ℃ for High Temperature Type Reactive Dyes, be incubated 10 minutes after, add the alkaline agent of fixation, be incubated 50 minutes, carry out the reaction fixation of dyestuff and fiber;
D. with the long filament milk protein fiber or the cooling of its blended yarn of dress cage after the fixation, wash, remove loose colour;
E. in, dark yarn, with dress cage long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn of removing after the loose colour washing, add color fixing agent M or other, the speed of heating with 2 ℃/min is warmed up to 85 ℃, is incubated 15 minutes, cools off discharge opeing then;
F. according to the blending rate of yarn raw material, the resisdye of another component fibre is carried out in the designing requirement of product.Note considering speed and the temperature of dyeing and the mutual coupling of milk protein fiber characteristic of intensification;
G. add water, add soft finishing agent according to bath raio again after the resisdye, continue to be warming up to 55 ℃, be incubated 20 minutes and carry out soft treatment;
H. the dress cage long filament milk fibre after the softness or its blended yarn discharge opeing are cooled to normal temperature, dewater again, hot-air seasoning, semi-manufactured goods quality check, rewinding, wax, finished product inspection and packing;
The 6th step: weave
A. weaving of dyed yarn woven fabric: the long filament milk protein fiber after will dyeing or its blending dyed yarn line, divide tube, wax, beat up, warping, sizing, on the frame of weaving cotton cloth weave;
B. weaving of dyed yarn knitted fabric: the long filament milk protein fiber after will dyeing or the dyed yarn line of its blending, divide tube, wax, go up the braiding of knitting machine creel;
C. weave: the grammes per square metre according to design is suitably controlled Density and fabric compactness, compares with conventional products, need loosen Density and tightness 15%, during with assurance dyeing dressing, space with abundant contraction is to reach suitable grammes per square metre, pliability and plentiful feel;
D. the post processing of yarn-dyed fabric: shrink to remove pollution when weaving, eliminate weaving tension, fabric is shunk once more, add anti-piping compound, softener, further guarantee the washing shrinkage and the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of fabric according to products material and blending ratio; Process conditions: temperature is 55 ℃, is incubated 15 minutes;
E. stentering forming: because the poor heat resistance of milk protein fiber, the content of milk fibre is high more in the fabric, should note its setting temperature more.General milk protein fiber content surpasses at 30% o'clock, and damp and hot setting temperature is controlled at below 120 ℃, and xeothermic setting temperature is controlled at below 150 ℃.
Embodiment 2
Animal/vegetable protein fiber and blended yarn coating spandex, polyamide fibre, polyolefin XLA long filament or polyester PTT filament yarns such as wool, the rabbit hair, cashmere, silk, milk staple fibre, soybean fiber, zein fiber.Ratio is any, and the loose type coning linear velocity is that 10m/s, rolling density are at 0.30g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter be 75mm, the diameter that changes plastic tube is 62mm, bleeding agent is JFC, response type dyestuff levelling agent R-42:85 part, ethylene glycol amine that described milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant is produced by the plain chemistry of Australia: crosslinking agent EH-1:8 part that 7 parts, hexamethylene diamine and epoxychloropropane condensation form, after the weight portion preparation, through high-speed stirred, emulsification, evenly mix, with reach preserve not stratified till; Other technologies are the same with embodiment 1, only need in the step with ACID DYES resisdye natural protein fibre part at the 5th step dyeing f.
Embodiment 3
The yarn of flax, ramie, hemp, regeneration fiber crops and milk protein fiber blended yarn coating spandex long filament, chinlon filament or PTT long filament, the loose type coning linear velocity is that 10m/s, rolling density are 0.32g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter 75mm, change the diameter 62mm of plastic tube, other technology is the same with embodiment 1, only needs in the step according to the performance of chinlon filament or the PTT polyester filament part with ACID DYES or DISPERSE DYES cover dyed synthetic fiber at the 5th step dyeing f.
Embodiment 4
The yarn of plying double twisting such as milk protein fiber long filament and Tynex, dacron elasticity silk, PTT long filament or its Bao Xin, the loose type coning linear velocity is that 12m/s, rolling density are 0.28g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter be 80mm, the diameter of moulding pipe is 62mm, other technology is the same with embodiment 1, only in the step, need use the part of ACID DYES or DISPERSE DYES or cation dyes cover dyed synthetic fiber according to the performance of synthetic fiber part at the 5th step dyeing f.
Embodiment 5
The blended yarn of native cellulose fibres such as natural cotton, fiber crops and its milk protein staple fibre; The yarn of the tencel fiber of regenerated celulose fibre, weaving cellulose modal, bamboo fibre, richcel fiber and its milk protein short fiber blending, the linear velocity of loose type coning are that 10m/s, rolling density are 0.32g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter be 75mm, the diameter of moulding pipe is 62mm, other technology is the same with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6
The yarn of artificial beef plant such as soybean fiber, Zein fibers and milk protein short fiber blending, any blending rate, the loose type coning linear velocity is that 14m/s, rolling density are 0.32g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter be 75mm, mould the pipe diameter be 62mm, other technology is the same with embodiment 1.Only in the step, need use the part of the artificial beef plant of DISPERSE DYES or cation dyes resisdye regeneration according to the performance of aftergrowth azelon part at the 5th step dyeing f.
Embodiment 7
The blended yarn of natural or regenerated animal protein fiber and milk protein staple fibre such as wool, the rabbit hair, cashmere, sheep suede, camel's hair, blending rate arbitrarily.The loose type coning linear velocity is that 15m/s, rolling density are 0.32g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter be 75mm, the diameter of moulding pipe is 62mm, other technology is the same with embodiment 1.Only need in the step according to natural or regenerated fiber performance partly ACID DYES or DISPERSE DYES or the other component fibers of cation dyes resisdye at the 5th step dyeing f.
Embodiment 8
The yarn of synthetic staples such as terylene, polyamide fibre, acrylic fibers, PTT and milk protein short fiber blending, the loose type coning linear velocity is that 15m/s, rolling density are 0.30g/cm 3, the coiling paper tube diameter be that the diameter of 75mm, plastic tube is 62mm, other technology is the same with embodiment 1.Only in the step, need use the part of DISPERSE DYES or ACID DYES or cation dyes resisdye synthetic fiber filament or staple fibre according to the performance of synthetic fiber part at the 5th step dyeing f.
Embodiment 9
The yarn of natural fabric, regenerated fiber, synthetic fiber and milk protein fiber blending more than two kinds, loose type coning linear velocity are that 10m/s, rolling density are 0.30g/cm 3, coiling paper tube diameter is that the diameter of 75mm, plastic tube is 65mm, other technology is the same with embodiment 1.In step, need use the part of DISPERSE DYES or ACID DYES or cation dyes cover dyed synthetic fiber or long filament or staple fibre at the 5th step dyeing f according to the performance of other parts fiber beyond the milk protein fiber.
Embodiment 10
Dyeing explanation: above main explanation only be the colouring method of milk protein fiber, for the yarn that contains cellulose fibre, regenerated celulose fibre class, can simultaneously dyeing according to the method for above reactive dyeing.For containing a yarn of hairs native protein, need the ACID DYES resisdye in addition; For the yarn that contains acrylic fibers, need the cation dyes resisdye in addition; For containing the polyesters yarn, need the DISPERSE DYES resisdye in addition; Total principle, note dyeing temperature can not be too high, alkalescence can not be too strong.Time can not be oversize.

Claims (9)

1. dyeing of milk protein fiber or its long filament or its blended yarn and the look production method of knitting product, it is characterized in that, adopt long filament milk protein fiber or its blended yarn, milk protein fiber special dyeing auxiliary agent and the reactive dyeing of loose type yarn winder, its method is:
The first step: milk protein fiber or its long filament or its blended yarn loosely are wound on the smooth paper tube, become the long filament milk protein fiber of loose type coning or the cheese of its blended yarn, rolling density is 0.26g/cm 3-0.35g/cm 3, convoluting speed 8m/s-20m/s;
Second step: the mesh plastic tube that will dye cheese is squeezed in the paper tube, the paper tube when withdrawing from loose type coning;
The 3rd step: with the synthetic high polymer film of reticulated or porous, long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn of loose type coning wrapped up, fluff when pine, slippage and dyeing very much to prevent yarn;
The 4th step: will put into its expansion, contraction, calibrator with the bobbin yarn of the loose type coning of plastic tube, carrying out temperature is 40-60 ℃, time is 10-20 minute damp and hot typing, be warming up to 75-85 ℃ again after making yarn obtain shrinking for the first time, time is 10-20 minute, makes yarn obtain shrinking for the second time, when yarn pack tightly netted mould pipe after, cage is adorned in taking-up, prepares dyeing;
The 5th step: dyeing
A. long filament milk protein fiber or its blended yarn that will adorn behind the cage are put into yarn package dyeing machine, add demineralized water according to bath raio and soak into long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn, add bleeding agent 0.5-3g/L, yarn agent 1.0-5g/L deoils, speed with 1 ℃ of-3 ℃/min is warmed up to 75 ℃-85 ℃, is incubated 5-20 minute and carries out pre-treatment; Perhaps boil synchronously according to bleaching process and float pre-treatment, the consumption of alkali reduced by half when the control programming rate was 1 ℃ of-3 ℃/min, bleaching;
B. with dress cage long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn of step a, be cooled to 60 ℃ and get rid of raffinate later on, the long filament milk protein fiber or its blended yarn that add water saturates dress cage again according to bath raio, add milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant then, dip method 1g/L-4g/L, running 5-10min add dyeing assistant, REACTIVE DYES afterwards again and urge to dye salt and dye;
The dress cage long filament milk fibre that c. will dye or its blended yarn are warmed up to 30 ℃-50 ℃ with 1 ℃-3 ℃/ speed that min heats, be incubated after 5-15 minute, be warmed up to 58 ℃-85 ℃ with 0.5 ℃-2 ℃/ speed that min heats again, add alkaline agent, the reaction fixation that insulation dyeing was carried out between dyestuff and the fiber in 20-60 minute;
D. with the long filament milk fibre or the cooling of its blended yarn of dress cage after the fixation, loose colour is removed in washing;
E. in, dark yarn, with good dress cage long filament milk fibre or its blended yarn of dyeing washing, add color fixing agent M, be warmed up to 60 ℃-90 ℃ with 1 ℃-2 ℃/ speed that min heats, be incubated 5-20 minute, cool off discharge opeing then;
F. according to the blending rate of yarn raw material, the resisdye of another component fibre is carried out in the designing requirement of product, notes the temperature of dyeing and the coupling of milk protein fiber performance;
G. add water, add soft finishing agent according to bath raio again after the resisdye, continue to heat, be incubated 10-30 minute and carry out soft treatment to 50 ℃-70 ℃;
H. the dress cage long filament milk fibre after the softness or its blended yarn discharge opeing are cooled to normal temperature, dewater, the check of hot-air seasoning, semi-manufactured goods quality, rewinding are waxed, finished product inspection and packing;
The 6th step: weave
A. weaving of dyed yarn woven fabric: the long filament milk protein fiber after will dyeing or the dyed yarn line of its blending, divide tube, wax, beat up, warping, sizing, on the frame of weaving cotton cloth weave.
B. weaving of dyed yarn knitted fabric: the long filament milk protein fiber after will dyeing or the dyed yarn line of its blending, divide tube, wax, go up the braiding of knitting machine creel.
C. weave: loosen Density and tightness 8%-30%.
D. the post processing of yarn-dyed fabric: immersion is shunk, and removes the contamination when weaving, and eliminates weaving tension, with washing shrinkage and the size stability of guaranteeing fabric, add neutral detergent, anti-piping compound or softener according to products material and blending ratio, temperature is 40 ℃~80 ℃, temperature retention time 10-30 minute;
E. stentering forming: milk fibre content surpasses 30% when above, and damp and hot setting temperature is controlled at below 120 ℃, and xeothermic setting temperature is controlled at below 150 ℃, carries out the shiinkproof finish of physics or chemistry simultaneously once more, with the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of assurance fabric washing.
2. the method that milk protein fiber according to claim 1 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that the paper tube diameter of described step 1 is 60mm-90mm.
3. the method that dyeing of milk protein fiber according to claim 1 or its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that, it is 50mm-80mm that the moulding of described step 3 managed diameter.
4. the method that milk fibre according to claim 1 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that described bleeding agent is JET, JFC.
5. the method that milk fibre according to claim 1 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that the described yarn agent of deoiling is WS or other commercially available prod.
6. the method that milk fibre according to claim 1 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced, it is characterized in that, the response type dyestuff levelling agent that described self-control milk protein fiber dyeing special assistant is produced by the plain chemistry of Australia: 85-92 part, ethylene glycol amine: the crosslinking agent that 3-10 part, hexamethylene diamine and epoxychloropropane condensation form: the weight portion of 5-10 part is that raw material is prepared, through high-speed stirred, emulsification, evenly mix, with reach preserve not stratified till.
7. the method that milk fibre according to claim 6 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that, the response type dyestuff levelling agent that the plain chemistry of described Australia produces is R-42.
8. the method that milk fibre according to claim 6 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that the crosslinking agent that described hexamethylene diamine and epoxychloropropane condensation form is EH-1.
9. the method that milk fibre according to claim 1 or the dyeing of its blended yarn and yarn-dyed fabric are produced is characterized in that described dyestuff is conventional middle temperature or megathermal REACTIVE DYES.
CNB2006100280154A 2006-06-22 2006-06-22 Milk protein fiber or its filament or its blended yarn dyeing method and coloured woven fabric producing method CN100507129C (en)

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CN101215790B (en) * 2008-01-09 2010-06-09 袁近 Dyeing and finishing method for cotton/milk protein blended spinning Raschel fabric
CN102839466A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-26 江苏通海线业有限公司 Blended yarn of acrylic fibers, linen fibers and milk protein fibers
CN102899764A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-30 江苏通海线业有限公司 Acrylic fiber, ramie fiber and soybean protein fiber blended yarn
CN103255536A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-08-21 晋江市闽高纺织科技有限公司 Fabric containing milk protein fiber, manufacturing technique and textile of fabric containing milk protein fiber
CN103882584A (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 南通市京山锦纶有限公司 Spandex, ramie fiber and milk protein fiber blended yarn
CN104720125A (en) * 2013-12-18 2015-06-24 江苏恒源丝绸集团有限公司 Sisal hemp yarn composite fabric
CN105603600A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-25 安徽省无为天成纺织有限公司 Blended yarn for mountaineering suits
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CN109629116A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-16 福建凤竹纺织科技股份有限公司 A kind of milk protein pro-skin fabric and preparation method thereof
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CN1189604C (en) * 2000-05-29 2005-02-16 郑宝武 Improved process for synthesizing graft copolymer fibre slurry of milk casein and acrylonitrile
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CN101215790B (en) * 2008-01-09 2010-06-09 袁近 Dyeing and finishing method for cotton/milk protein blended spinning Raschel fabric
CN102839466A (en) * 2012-09-24 2012-12-26 江苏通海线业有限公司 Blended yarn of acrylic fibers, linen fibers and milk protein fibers
CN102899764A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-30 江苏通海线业有限公司 Acrylic fiber, ramie fiber and soybean protein fiber blended yarn
CN103882584A (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 南通市京山锦纶有限公司 Spandex, ramie fiber and milk protein fiber blended yarn
CN103255536A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-08-21 晋江市闽高纺织科技有限公司 Fabric containing milk protein fiber, manufacturing technique and textile of fabric containing milk protein fiber
CN104720125A (en) * 2013-12-18 2015-06-24 江苏恒源丝绸集团有限公司 Sisal hemp yarn composite fabric
CN105603600A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-25 安徽省无为天成纺织有限公司 Blended yarn for mountaineering suits
CN107313190A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-03 童耀辉 Cotton bag elastic polyurethane fiber bobbin dyeing method
CN109629116A (en) * 2019-01-07 2019-04-16 福建凤竹纺织科技股份有限公司 A kind of milk protein pro-skin fabric and preparation method thereof
CN110846756A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-02-28 江阴市长泾花园毛纺织有限公司 Manufacturing method of herringbone wool blended fabric
CN110846756B (en) * 2019-10-22 2021-03-02 江阴市长泾花园毛纺织有限公司 Manufacturing method of herringbone wool blended fabric

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