CN1788865A - Method and apparatus for treating organic waste - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for treating organic waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1788865A
CN1788865A CN 200510122311 CN200510122311A CN1788865A CN 1788865 A CN1788865 A CN 1788865A CN 200510122311 CN200510122311 CN 200510122311 CN 200510122311 A CN200510122311 A CN 200510122311A CN 1788865 A CN1788865 A CN 1788865A
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China
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organic waste
fermentation
sterilization
conveyor screw
handled
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CN 200510122311
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100443198C (en
Inventor
王祖强
薛伟国
刘永刚
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天津百利机电发展有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention relates to organic waste treating process and apparatus, and belongs to the field of comprehensive resource utilizing technology. The organic waste treating process includes the steps of: collecting kitchen leftover; squeezing to reduce water content to 40-70 %; sterilizing; and adding microbe seed, and fermentation first at 20-45 deg.c, 3-10 rpm stirring speed and exhaust for 30-50 hr and then at 65-70 deg.c for 8-15 hr to obtain the fermented product. The apparatus includes a spiral conveyer with driving mechanism, spiral conveying barrel and flange support; and a dewatering squeezer with driving mechanism, pitch reducing spiral unit and grating barrel. The present invention has simple structure, high utilization, great treating capacity and other advantages.

Description

Method for organic waste disposal and device thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the comprehensive utilization of resources technical field, particularly relate to a kind of method for organic waste disposal and device thereof.
Background technology
At present, the meal kitchen residue in hotel, restaurant, dining room, organic wastes such as food inferior horn, its main solid constituent comprises starch, food fiber class, organic substances such as animal tallow class, meal kitchen residue is poured dustbin (bucket) into, produces a lot of sewage and foul smell, and the increase germ, mosquitos and flies multiplies and the possibility of transmission.Existing processing method has simple landfill disposal, causes secondary pollution.Adopt collection, draining, dehydration, oven dry to pulverize in addition and make feedstuff discarded object processing and treating method.The process that this method adopts dehydration, oven dry to pulverize, complex process, energy consumption height, product are feedstuff, feed that can not obtain fermenting or fertilizer, discarded object product utilization rate is low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of simple method for organic waste disposal and device thereof for solving the problem that prior art exists.
Operation principle of the present invention:
Utilize organic waste (meal kitchen residue; Food inferior horn etc.), collect, bulk is pulverized, squeeze out redundant moisture.Inoculation aerobic microbiological feed fermentation bacterial classification, (about 36 hours cycles) generation animal, vegetable protein fast ferment under the certain condition in the biofermentation case, allocate auxiliary materials such as a certain proportion of animal, vegetable protein carrier again into, become feed addictive with good commodity shape.This feed addictive also can add corresponding composition according to different needs.Microbe inoculation fertilizer fermented bacterium, fermentation (about 48 hours cycles) fast becomes the organic fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed in the biofermentation case, allocates a certain proportion of nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer again into and is mixed, and becomes the organic composite fertilizer with good commodity shape; Or allocate fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing function bacterial manure into, become the organic-biological compound fertilizer material.According to different soils, the different special fertilizer formula of Different Crop design, go for various types of soil and crop.Integrated with the fertilization compositions based on earth measurement technology, can make dedicated fertilizer more targeted.
The present invention includes following technical process and equipment:
1, fritter organic waste below 5 centimetres (meal kitchen residue) is collected and conveying device
Collect mouth by each organic waste (meal kitchen residue) and after sorting, collect organic waste (meal kitchen residue).Conveyance conduit by vertical and level is delivered to the pulverizing conveyer that focuses on the chamber then.
2, bulk waste gathering more than 5 centimetres
Vegetables leftover bits and pieces youngster in the kitchen, fritter organic waste below 5 centimetres (meal kitchen residue) collect that mouth sorts out greater than 5 centimetres the solid organic castoff handled, through bulk waste gathering more than 5 centimetres, send into and pulverize the conveyer pulverization process.
3, pulverize conveyer
Pulverize conveyer two imports are arranged: the conveyance conduit that following import and fritter organic waste below 5 centimetres (meal kitchen residue) are collected mouth links; Above import and more than 5 centimetres bulk waste gathering mouth link; Outlet connects with squeezer.
4, squeezer
After will delivering into the squeezer inlet from the organic waste lifting of pulverizing conveyer, squeezer utilizes mechanical force that it is compressed, and makes its volume reduce to get rid of moisture by the slit between grizzly bar; Reach the purpose of decrement.The liquid of extruding in the material flows into the unified processing of oily-water seperating equipment after centralized collection.Be furnished with the water content adjusting device in the outlet of squeezer, can in certain limit (40%-70%), regulate the water content of handled thing.Outlet at squeezer has joint connection ozone generator, the material after handling is carried out sterilization fresh in addition.
5. fermenting case
Squeezer outlet connects conveying worm, and the material that transfers out is after being metered into the catalysis bacterial classification, join in the corresponding fermenting case respectively, allocate a certain proportion of animal, vegetable protein carrier again into by by-pass valve control.Through 36-48 hour heat-preservation fermentation and stir; Be generated as feed addictive or become the organic fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed with good commodity shape.
(1) product is for being fit to the feed of domestic animal growth
Through the moisture content after the physical treatment at the organic waste of 55%--70% in automatical feeding system is inserted the fermentation cauldron that is used to ferment, open stirring system and temperature control system, mixing speed is adjusted into 5-8 rev/min, temperature is controlled at 30 ℃--35 ℃.Along with stirring moisture is neutralized to about 40% along with adding filler carrier (rice husk meal etc.).Add corresponding bacterial classification.Close the material loading hatch door, open exhaust system, enter fermentation technology process.
Behind 36 hours sweat, fermentation temperature is adjusted to 65 ℃--70 ℃, enter the hot fermentation phase.After fermentation time reaches 48 hours, stop stirring system, temperature control system, exhaust system.Open the discharging hatch door, open stirring system, shift out fermentation cauldron at 20% feed through stirring successively the moisture content that will generate.
1 ton of moisture content need add 0.75 ton of filler carrier at 70% organic waste raw material, moisture can be neutralized to 40%, adds 1 kilogram of bacterial classification after fermentation in 48 hours generates moisture content 1.34 tons of 20% downstream product.
(2) product is for being fit to the fertilizer of soil plant growth
Through the moisture content after the physical treatment at the organic waste of 40%--55% in automatical feeding system is inserted the fermentation cauldron that is used to ferment, open stirring system and temperature control system, mixing speed is adjusted into 5--8 rev/min, temperature is controlled at 30 ℃--35 ℃.Add corresponding bacterial classification.Close the material loading hatch door, open exhaust system, enter fermentation technology process.
Behind 36 hours sweat, fermentation temperature is adjusted to 65 ℃--70 ℃, enter the hot fermentation phase.After fermentation time reaches 48 hours, stop stirring system, temperature control system, exhaust system.After fermenting, only remain the downstream product that drops into raw material 5%, can be used for planting the used fertilizer of flowers and plants as removing.Also can continue to use the technology bacterial classification that fermentation is used as next time.
The purpose of this invention is to provide the method for organic waste disposal that a kind of technology is simple, easy to operate, utilization rate is high.
Method for organic waste disposal of the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
Method for organic waste disposal comprises collection, draining drop oil, the sterilization treatment process of discarded object it is characterized in that the organic waste processing procedure comprises:
(1) collect:
To eat kitchen residue, food inferior horn carries out organic waste and collects, and the control organic waste is less than 5cm;
(2) press dewatering:
The organic waste of collecting is carried out press dewatering, separate profit to organic waste water content 40-70%;
(3) sterilization:
Organic waste after the dehydration is carried out sterilization fresh handle, open ozone generator, after adding ozone 3-8ppm, the abundant stirring in the pending thing, leave standstill 30-90 minute sterilization fresh.
(4) microbial fermentation:
Organic waste after the sterilization is put into round, adjust under 3-10 rev/min of mixing speed, the temperature 20-45 ℃ condition, add microorganism fungus kind, the air draft fermentation made and can utilize product in 30-50 hour.
Method for organic waste disposal of the present invention can also adopt following technical measures:
Described method for organic waste disposal, the kitchen residue that is characterized in will eating in the collection process, food inferior horn carry out pulverization process earlier greater than the organic waste of 5cm, just collect then; Before the organic waste of collecting carries out press dewatering, carry out the oil processing of mechanical draining drop in advance, profit is separated.
Described method for organic waste disposal, be characterized in that it is that the organic waste of 55-70% is put into round that fermentation process comprises sterilization back moisture content, 5-8 rev/min of mixing speed of adjustment, temperature are 30-35 ℃, add the organic feed filler carrier moisture is transferred to 30-50%, add the feed fermentation bacterial classification, carry out the air draft fermentation; Through 30-40 hour, fermentation temperature is adjusted into 65-70 ℃, fermented 8-15 hour, make feed.
Described method for organic waste disposal, be characterized in that it is that the organic waste of 40-55% is put into round that fermentation process comprises sterilization back moisture content, 5-8 rev/min of mixing speed of adjustment, temperature are 30-35 ℃, add the fertilizer fermented bacterium, carry out the air draft fermentation; Through 30-40 hour, fermentation temperature is adjusted into 65-70 ℃, fermented 8-15 hour, make fertilizer.
Another object of the present invention provides the organic waste that a kind of alignment is good, the close cost of envelope is low, effective and handles helix transporting device.
Organic waste of the present invention is handled helix transporting device and is adopted following technical scheme:
Organic waste is handled helix transporting device, comprise that driving mechanism, helical feed tube, conveyor screw, material mouth constitute, conveyor screw in the drive mechanism helical feed tube is characterized in being equipped with in the spiral tube the blue support of grafting valve, the spirochetal helical axis of the blue stent support of valve.The blue support of valve can guarantee the coaxial of helical axis, can locate helical axis easily and effectively.
Organic waste of the present invention is handled helix transporting device can also adopt following technical measures:
Described organic waste is handled helix transporting device, is characterized in that the spiral tube is the cylindrical shape carrier pipe.
Described organic waste is handled helix transporting device, is characterized in that the blue support of valve is 2 or 3 leg formula supporting constructions.
The 3rd purpose of the present invention provide a kind of simple in structure, efficient is high, the adjustable dehydration pressing device of press dewatering.
The present invention's pressing device that dewaters adopts following technical scheme:
Organic waste is handled the dehydration pressing device, comprises that driving mechanism, conveyor screw, feed inlet and outlet constitute, and the drive mechanism conveyor screw is characterized in that conveyor screw is the pitch Zhejiang conveyor screw that contracts, and conveyor screw is the core structure of grizzly bar formation outward.
The present invention's pressing device that dewaters can also adopt following technical measures:
Described organic waste is handled the dehydration pressing device, is characterized in that propelling worm body discharging port is a pyramidal structure, and the installation that is complementary of conical outlet and the coaxial conical surface forms required outlet size.
Described organic waste is handled the dehydration pressing device, is characterized in that the coaxial conical surface that is complementary with conical outlet is the same axle sleeve conical surface that is assemblied on the driving shaft, and conveyor screw outside grizzly bar is installed in the valve orchid, and the valve orchid is can be to opening structure.
Advantage that the present invention has and good effect:
Method for organic waste disposal of the present invention, adopt press dewatering and fermentation process combined route, handle the meal kitchen residue in hotel, restaurant, dining room, organic wastes such as food inferior horn, have that process is simple, treating capacity is big, the feed or the fertilizer of product fermentation, waste utilization rate height.
It is simple in structure, easy to operate that organic waste is handled helix transporting device, adopted the blue support of assembling grafting valve, guaranteed the coaxial of helical axis, can reduce or avoid the wearing and tearing of helical axis and transport tube easily and effectively to the helical axis location.By the grafting of carrier pipe, be specially adapted to remote helical feed.The spiral tube adopts the round screw thread carrier pipe, greatly reduces carrier pipe sealing manufacturing cost.
Organic waste is handled the dehydration pressing device and is adopted grid draining structure, have that bearing pressure is big, convenient disassembly, be difficult for stopping up advantage, it is big to handle hotel, restaurant, the meal kitchen residue efficient height in dining room, treating capacity, and can regulate control according to handling the organic moisture in back.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the method for organic waste disposal process flow diagram;
Fig. 2 is that organic waste is handled dehydration pressing device structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the A-A view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is that organic waste is handled the helix transporting device structural representation;
Fig. 6 is spiral conveying tube and internal structure schematic diagram thereof;
The blue supporting structure schematic diagram of valve among Fig. 7 Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is the right view of Fig. 6.
Wherein, 1-motor, 2-reductor, 3-charging aperture, 4-grizzly bar standing valve orchid, the 5-grizzly bar, 6-rotating shaft, 7-rotary body, the 8-conical surface, the coaxial conical surface of 9-, the 10-pin, 11-adjusting nut, 12-bearing spider, the same axle sleeve of 13-, 14-grizzly bar support ring, the 15-bearing pin, 16-lifting bolt, the blue support of 17-valve, 18-axle sleeve, 19-helical axis, 20-conveyor screw, 21-carrier pipe, 22-are expected mouth, the 23-reductor, 24-motor, 25-frame, 26-axle spliced eye.
The specific embodiment
For further understanding summary of the invention of the present invention, characteristics and effect, enumerate following example now and be described in detail as follows:
Embodiment 1
With reference to accompanying drawing 1.
Method for organic waste disposal of the present invention utilizes organic waste (meal kitchen residue; Food inferior horn etc.), collect, concentrate.Bulk is pulverized, squeezed out redundant moisture.Microbe inoculation feed fermentation bacterial classification, (about 36 hours cycles) generation animal, vegetable protein fast ferment under the certain condition in the biofermentation case, allocate auxiliary materials such as a certain proportion of animal, vegetable protein carrier again into, become feed addictive with good commodity shape.This feed addictive also can add corresponding composition according to different needs.Method for organic waste disposal comprises collection, draining drop oil, the sterilization treatment of discarded object, and concrete technical process is:
1. organic waste (meal kitchen residue) is collected and is carried
To eat kitchen residue, food inferior horn carries out organic waste and collects, and the control organic waste is less than 5cm; To eat in collection process kitchen residue, food inferior horn carries out pulverization process earlier greater than the organic waste of 5cm, just collects then;
Fritter organic waste below (1) 5 centimetre (meal kitchen residue) is collected and is carried
Each organic waste (meal kitchen residue) is collected mouth and collect organic waste (meal kitchen residue) after being sorted.Conveyance conduit by vertical and level is delivered to the pulverizing conveyer that focuses on the chamber then.
Following material should be collected separately:
A. collect the back separately, send into through big material collection mouth and pulverize the conveyer processing greater than 5 centimetres the organic waste handled.
B. non-food stuff class discarded object comprises materials such as metal, glass, plastics.
C. the solid food discarded object that can not handle is as harder bone etc.
Bulk waste gathering more than (2) 5 centimetres
Vegetables leftover bits and pieces youngster in the kitchen, fritter organic waste below 5 centimetres (meal kitchen residue) collect that mouth sorts out greater than 5 centimetres the solid organic castoff handled, send into through bulk waste gathering more than 5 centimetres and to pulverize the conveyer pulverization process.This collects a mouthful side and also has another collection mouth in addition, uses when collecting mouth and conveyance conduit fault in order to fritter organic waste below 5 centimetres.
(3) pulverize conveyer
Pulverize conveyer two imports are arranged: the conveyance conduit that following import and fritter organic waste below 5 centimetres (meal kitchen residue) are collected mouth links; Above import and more than 5 centimetres bulk waste gathering mouth link; Outlet connects with squeezer.Acting as of it:
A. will pulverize from the bulk organic waste that " bulk waste gathering mouth more than 5 centimetres " collected.
B. store pending organic waste; The liquid that is free in the organic waste outside is leached.
C. organic waste is delivered to the squeezer import, drop removes its surperficial moisture when carrying.
2, press dewatering
Carry out the oil processing of mechanical draining drop in advance, separate profit.After will delivering into the squeezer inlet from the organic waste lifting of pulverizing conveyer again, squeezer utilizes mechanical force that it is compressed, and makes its volume reduce to get rid of moisture by the slit between grizzly bar.The liquid of extruding in the material flows into the unified processing of oily-water seperating equipment after centralized collection.Regulate the outlet of squeezer and be furnished with the water content adjusting device, make the organic waste water content reach 65%.
3. sterilization:
Outlet at squeezer has joint connection ozone generator, the organic waste after the dehydration is carried out sterilization fresh handle, and feeds ozone 4ppm, and fully stirring back sealing and standing is 1 hour.
4. microbial fermentation:
With sterilization back moisture content be 65% organic waste in automatical feeding system is inserted the fermentation cauldron that is used to ferment, open stirring system and temperature control system, mixing speed is adjusted into 6 rev/mins, temperature is controlled at 33 ℃.Along with stirring moisture is neutralized to 40% along with adding filler carrier (rice husk meal etc.).Add 1 ‰ aerobic microbiological feed bacterial classifications.Close the material loading hatch door, open exhaust system, enter fermentation technology process.
Behind 36 hours sweat, fermentation temperature is adjusted to 68 ℃, enter the hot fermentation phase.After fermentation time reaches 48 hours, stop stirring system, temperature control system, exhaust system.Open the discharging hatch door, open stirring system, shift out fermentation cauldron at 20% feed through stirring successively the moisture content that will generate.
1 ton of moisture content need add 0.75 ton of filler carrier at 70% organic waste raw material, moisture can be neutralized to 40%, adds 1 kilogram of bacterial classification after fermentation in 48 hours generates moisture content 1.34 tons of 20% downstream product.
Embodiment 2
With reference to accompanying drawing 1.
Method for organic waste disposal utilizes organic waste (meal kitchen residue; Food inferior horn etc.), collect, concentrate.Bulk is pulverized, squeezed out redundant moisture.Microbe inoculation fertilizer fermented bacterium, fermentation (about 48 hours cycles) fast becomes the organic fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed in the biofermentation case, allocates a certain proportion of nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer again into and is mixed, and becomes the organic composite fertilizer with good commodity shape; Or allocate fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing function bacterial manure into, become the organic-biological compound fertilizer material.According to different soils, the different special fertilizer formula of Different Crop design, go for various types of soil and crop.Integrated with the fertilization compositions based on earth measurement technology, can make dedicated fertilizer more targeted.Method for organic waste disposal comprises collection, draining drop oil, the sterilization treatment of discarded object, and concrete technical process is:
1. organic waste (meal kitchen residue) is collected and is carried with embodiment 1
2. press dewatering
Carry out the oil processing of mechanical draining drop in advance, separate profit.After will delivering into the squeezer inlet from the organic waste lifting of pulverizing conveyer again, squeezer utilizes mechanical force that it is compressed, and makes its volume reduce to get rid of moisture by the slit between grizzly bar, makes the organic waste water content reach 50%.
3. sterilization
Outlet at squeezer has joint connection ozone generator, the organic waste after the dehydration is carried out sterilization fresh handle, and feeds ozone 4ppm, and fully stirring back sealing and standing is 1 hour.
4. the microbial fermentation preparation is fit to the fertilizer of soil plant growth
Through the moisture content after the physical treatment at 50% organic waste in automatical feeding system is inserted the fermentation cauldron that is used to ferment, open stirring system and temperature control system, mixing speed is adjusted into 6 rev/mins, temperature is controlled at 34 ℃.Add 1 ‰ manure strains.Close the material loading hatch door, open exhaust system, enter fermentation technology process.
Behind 36 hours sweat, fermentation temperature is adjusted to 67 ℃, enter the hot fermentation phase.After fermentation time reaches 48 hours, stop stirring system, temperature control system, exhaust system.After fermenting, only remain the downstream product that drops into raw material 5%, can be used for planting the used fertilizer of flowers and plants.Also can continue to use the technology bacterial classification that fermentation is used as next time.
Embodiment 3
With reference to accompanying drawing 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.
The organics dehydration squeezer comprises that drive motors 1, reductor 2, drive motors 1 drive conveyor screw 7 by deceleration machine 2.Conveyor screw 7 is assemblied in bearing spider 12, is the pitch Zhejiang leptospira structure that contracts.It outside the conveyor screw 7 core structure that grizzly bar 5 constitutes.Propelling worm body 7 ports are pyramidal structure, installations that be complementary of the conical surface 8 and axial cone face 9, formation organic materials extrusion.The coaxial conical surface 9 is for being assemblied in same axle sleeve 13 conical surfaces on the driving shaft 6.Be assemblied in rotating shaft 6 with axle sleeve 13 by pin 10 and adjusting nut 11.Adjusting nut 11 makes with axle sleeve 13 and moves by pin 10, thereby changes the distance of conveyor screw taper port and 9 of the coaxial conical surfaces, changes the discharging opening size.By the organic materials of charging aperture 3, owing to varying in size of extruded stock mouth, the organic waste squeeze force is also different, so the water content after the organic matter squeezing is adjustable.
Conveyor screw outside grizzly bar is installed in valve orchid 4, and pad is housed between grizzly bar, keeps grizzly bar gap 0.48mm.Fixedly the valve of grizzly bar blue 4 is to opening structure, is divided into two parts up and down.The two-part side that links to each other is equipped with bearing pin 15, and opposite side has lifting bolt 16, and two parts are assembled together up and down.Grizzly bar supporting inner ring 14 is equipped with in the inboard middle part of grizzly bar.
The meal kitchen residue that this example is particularly useful for restaurant, dining room squeezes processing, can keep organic squeezing moisture 40-70%.
Embodiment 4
With reference to accompanying drawing 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8.
Conveying worm, comprise frame 25, motor 24, subtract complete machine 23, carrier pipe 21, helical axis 19, conveyor screw 20, material mouthfuls 22 constitute, the carrier pipe 21 of frame 25 supportings has material mouth 22, and the helical axis 19 that motor 24 transmission speed reducers 23 drive in the carrier pipes 21 drive conveyor screw 20.Circular duct 21 ends are equipped with the blue support 17 of circular grafting valve, the helical axis 19 of the blue support 17 support helix bodies of valve.The blue support 17 of circular valve has the oil-containing nylon axle sleeve 18 of supporting rotating shaft 19.Hex slot 26 in the rotating shaft 19 that the blue support 1 of circular valve supports has cooperates grafting with the outer-hexagonal shape of the other end of helical axis 19.Can carry out the grafting of carrier pipe and carrier pipe easily, realize remote organic matter helical feed.The blue support 17 of this circular valve is 3 leg formula supporting constructions.The transmission of the convenient organic materials in bottom.The blue support 17 of valve can guarantee that helical axis 19 is coaxial with carrier pipe 21, can be easily and effectively to helical axis 19 location.Reduced the helical feed resistance, more swimmingly organic materials has been carried.The spiral tube adopts the round screw thread carrier pipe, has reduced and has carried the sealing manufacturing cost.

Claims (10)

1. method for organic waste disposal comprises collection, draining drop oil, the sterilization treatment process of discarded object it is characterized in that the organic waste processing procedure comprises:
(1) collect:
To eat kitchen residue, food inferior horn carries out organic waste and collects, and the control organic waste is less than 5cm;
(2) press dewatering:
The organic waste of collecting is carried out press dewatering, separate profit to organic waste water content 40-70%;
(3) sterilization:
Organic waste after the dehydration is carried out sterilization fresh handle, sterilization is 3-8ppm with the concentration of ozone control in the organic waste, and sterilization time is 30-90 minute;
(4) microbial fermentation:
Organic waste after the sterilization is put into round, adjust under 3-10 rev/min of mixing speed, the temperature 20-45 ℃ condition, add microorganism fungus kind, the air draft fermentation made and can utilize product in 30-50 hour.
2. method for organic waste disposal according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the kitchen residue of will eating in the collection process, food inferior horn carry out pulverization process earlier greater than the organic waste of 5cm, just collect then; Before the organic waste of collecting carries out press dewatering, carry out the oil processing of mechanical draining drop in advance, profit is separated.
3. method for organic waste disposal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the organic waste that it is 55-70% that fermentation process comprises the back moisture content of sterilization is put into round, 5-8 rev/min of mixing speed of adjustment, temperature are 30-35 ℃, add the organic feed carrier moisture is transferred to 30-50%, add aerobic microbiological feed fermentation bacterial classification, carry out the air draft fermentation; Through 30-40 hour, fermentation temperature is adjusted into 65-70 ℃, fermented 8-15 hour, make feed.
4. method for organic waste disposal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the organic waste that it is 40-55% that fermentation process comprises the back moisture content of sterilization is put into round, 5-8 rev/min of mixing speed of adjustment, temperature are 30-35 ℃, add the microbial manure fermented bacterium, carry out the air draft fermentation; Through 30-40 hour, fermentation temperature is adjusted into 65-70 ℃, fermented 8-15 hour, make fertilizer.
5. organic waste according to claim 1 is handled helix transporting device, comprise that driving mechanism, helical feed tube, conveyor screw, material mouth constitute, conveyor screw in the drive mechanism helical feed tube, it is characterized in that: the blue support of grafting valve is housed, the spirochetal helical axis of the blue stent support of valve in the helix tube.
6. organic waste according to claim 5 is handled helix transporting device, and it is characterized in that: the spiral tube is the cylindrical shape carrier pipe.
7. organic waste according to claim 5 is handled helix transporting device, it is characterized in that: the blue support of valve is 2 or 3 leg formula supporting constructions.
8. organic waste according to claim 1 is handled the dehydration pressing device, comprise that driving mechanism, conveyor screw, feed inlet and outlet constitute, the drive mechanism conveyor screw is characterized in that: conveyor screw is a pitch convergent conveyor screw, the core structure that conveyor screw constitutes for grizzly bar outward.
9. organic waste according to claim 8 is handled the dehydration pressing device, and it is characterized in that: propelling worm body discharging port is a pyramidal structure, and the installation that is complementary of conical outlet and the coaxial conical surface forms required outlet size.
10. organic waste according to claim 9 is handled the dehydration pressing device, and it is characterized in that: the coaxial conical surface that is complementary with conical outlet is the same axle sleeve conical surface that is assemblied on the driving shaft, and conveyor screw outside grizzly bar is installed in the valve orchid, and the valve orchid is can be to opening structure.
CNB2005101223116A 2005-12-13 2005-12-13 Method and apparatus for treating organic waste CN100443198C (en)

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CN2548728Y (en) * 2002-05-24 2003-05-07 黄世亮 Dewatering and water supplying device for kitchen refuse fermenting apparatus
CN1416718A (en) * 2002-12-13 2003-05-14 陈建乐 Method of producing yeast protein feed with leftovers from kitchen

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CN100463696C (en) * 2007-12-28 2009-02-25 青海洁神环境能源产业有限公司 Kitchen garbage pathogenic bacteria high-temperature inactivation technology
CN102615085A (en) * 2011-01-26 2012-08-01 杭州布鲁斯凯环境科技有限公司 Biological harmlessness and recycling treatment technology of organic refuse
CN104229402A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-24 无锡市泰新环保科技有限公司 Sealed material discharging pusher
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CN104492782A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-04-08 安徽省科普产品工程研究中心有限责任公司 Kitchen garbage processing method
CN105418177A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-03-23 上海京申科技有限公司 Organic fungus manure prepared by biological decomposition of organic refuses
WO2017107944A1 (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-06-29 重庆市农业科学院 Device and method for feeding methane fermentation material with high solid content
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WO2018157457A1 (en) * 2017-03-03 2018-09-07 曾济天 Nano organic feed and preparation method therefor
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