Along with the improvement and the growth in the living standard of people's living condition, people like at oneself balcony or some trees flowers and plants landscapes of garden planting; In urban construction, building has a large amount of greening scenic belts and trees flowers and plants landscape, and these trees flowers and plants landscapes have brought green and pleasing pleasant sensation for life staying idle at home and urban environment.The nursing but these trees flowers and plants landscapes need regularly water needs cost certain human and material resources and financial resources, and needs a large amount of water to water.The irrigation method that adopts is pouring, flood irrigation, drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation at present, and such method has been wasted a large amount of water, the device systems complex and expensive, the maintenance cost height, stop up easily and energy consumption higher, thereby cause the matrix permeability decline of hardening easily, moisture is difficult to infiltrate matrix, be stuck in stromal surface and evaporate, cause water and soil loss easily, be unfavorable for the propelling of national greening system engineering, also be unfavorable for the greening in shortage of water resources area, and labor intensity of operating staff is bigger, and the cycle of watering is short.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provide a kind of can using water wisely, add the water saving long, that automatically equalizing flood is irritated feedwater of water cycle and soak the filling flowerpot automatically.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: the filling flowerpot is soaked in a kind of water saving automatically, comprise the flowerpot body, it is characterized in that: be provided with a dividing plate at flowerpot body middle part, described dividing plate is divided into matrix chamber and following water storage cavity with the flowerpot body, at least be provided with a through hole on the described dividing plate, at least in a through hole, be provided with an infiltration irrigation belt, described infiltration irrigation belt one end extends in the matrix chamber, the other end extends to down in the water storage cavity, is provided with one at least near described dividing plate place and leads to extraneous aperture on described water storage cavity wall down.
Infiltration irrigation belt can be made of abundant bafta, chemical ﹠ blended fabric, wool fabric and the blend fabric of the loose capillary of quality.
Adopted the flowerpot of technique scheme, plant is planted in the last matrix chamber of flowerpot, infiltration irrigation belt is wrapped in plant root, put into matrix, in water storage cavity under the injection of nutrient solutions such as water, because it is tiny duct that there are a lot of fibre gaps infiltration irrigation belt inside, these ducts play effect capillaceous, can constantly make nutrient solution rise to plant roots along these ducts, for its absorption, in plant roots and stems vein network, capillarity is also taking place, the nutrient solution that moves in the plant train of thought is constantly absorbed by plant and consumes, infiltration irrigation belt and plant nutrition liquid are ceaselessly being delivered in relays like this, realized automatic slight irrigation to plant, keep the metabolism of plant, but adding a water long period in following water storage cavity need not add water, the water saving efficiency height, the automatic equalization continuous water supply, support material, than sprinkling irrigation, the application of drip irrigation, application of the present invention is simple and convenient, cost is low, small investment, allocating fertilizer and insecticide in the water storage cavity down, can be water supply, fertilising, the disease-prevention and insecticide multiple working procedure is finished together synchronously, leads to extraneous aperture on the following water storage cavity wall and can guarantee the liquid level of water storage cavity down and breathe freely, so the present invention is the using water wisely of a kind of energy, it is long to add the water cycle, automatically soak and irritate feedwater and simple and convenient, cost is low, the filling flowerpot is soaked in the water saving of small investment automatically.
Referring to accompanying drawing, be provided with a dividing plate 2 at flowerpot body 1 middle part, dividing plate 2 is divided into matrix chamber 8 and following water storage cavity 7 with flowerpot body 1, dividing plate 2 is provided with three through holes 4,9,10, in through hole 10, be provided with an infiltration irrigation belt 3, infiltration irrigation belt 3 one ends extend in the matrix chamber 8, and the other end extends to down in the water storage cavity 7, are being provided with an aperture 5 that leads to the external world near dividing plate 2 places on water storage cavity 7 walls down.
Infiltration irrigation belt 3 can be made of abundant bafta, chemical ﹠ blended fabric, wool fabric and the blend fabric of the loose capillary of quality.
Plant 6 is planted in the last matrix chamber 8 of flowerpot, infiltration irrigation belt 3 is wrapped in plant 6 roots, put into matrix, with direct through hole 4 on dividing plate 2 on the matrix of nutrient solutions such as water in last matrix chamber 8,10,9 inject in the following water storage cavity 7, because it is tiny duct that there are a lot of fibre gaps infiltration irrigation belt 3 inside, these ducts play effect capillaceous, can constantly make nutrient solution rise to the root of plant 6 along these ducts, for its absorption, in plant 6 root, stem and leaf train of thoughts, capillarity is taking place also, the nutrient solution that moves in plant 6 train of thoughts is constantly absorbed by plant 6 and consumes, infiltration irrigation belt 3 and plant 6 nutrient solutions are ceaselessly being delivered in relays like this, have realized the automatic slight irrigation to plant 6, keep the metabolism of plant 6, in following water storage cavity 7, add a water and can need not add water for tens days, automatically finish the overall process of watering, water saving efficiency height, automatic equalization continuous water supply, support material, than sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation is used, application of the present invention is simple and convenient, and cost is low, small investment.
Unnecessary water can overflow from aperture 5 in the following water storage cavity 7, has guaranteed the liquid level of time water storage cavity 7, and matrix and plant 6 can not be immersed in the water, and air can guarantee the gas permeability of matrix from aperture 5 turnover.
Add water-soluble fertilizer or plant nutrition liquid in following water storage cavity 7, then the pouring fertilising can be carried out synchronously; Add agricultural chemicals, but pest control treatment also.
The present invention can be according to different plants, and science is prepared, used various nutrient solutions, effectively impels the plant growing way luxuriant, improve quality and yield.
The present invention can build good growth subenvironment to plant, pouring, sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation, and water all is to water at ground surface, except that being evaporated easily the waste, also causes the surface layer caking airtight.The present invention directly is dipped into plant root with water, can not cause soil compaction, has guaranteed that plant root has enough water, air and nutrition supply.
Water-saving rate of the present invention is higher than any irrigation method in the world today, under equal conditions, soak and irritate water less than 10% of sprinkling irrigation, 20% of drip irrigation, can directly use without any processing any water source of natural world, be not subjected to the restriction of topography and geomorphology, it is a kind of pure physical phenomenon, any matrix and various flowers, vegetables are not produced any negative effect, cultivation cost and peasant's labour intensity is reduced significantly, can extensively realize nuisanceless, free of contamination soilless culture all sidedly and not have substrate culture, can improve the potted plant quality and yield of flowers.