The automatic matrix of economizing on water is soaked the filling flowerpot
The utility model relates to a kind of flowerpot, particularly relates to the automatic matrix of a kind of water saving and soaks the filling flowerpot.
Along with the improvement and the growth in the living standard of people's living condition, people like at oneself balcony or some trees flowers and plants landscapes of garden planting; In urban construction, building has a large amount of greening scenic belts and trees flowers and plants landscape, and these trees flowers and plants landscapes have brought green and pleasing pleasant sensation for life staying idle at home and urban environment.The nursing but these trees flowers and plants landscapes need regularly water needs cost certain human and material resources and financial resources, and needs a large amount of water to water.The irrigation method that adopts is pouring, flood irrigation, drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation at present, and such method has been wasted a large amount of water, the device systems complex and expensive, the maintenance cost height, stop up easily and energy consumption higher, thereby cause the matrix permeability decline of hardening easily, moisture is difficult to infiltrate matrix, be stuck in stromal surface and evaporate, cause water and soil loss easily, be unfavorable for the propelling of national greening system engineering, also be unfavorable for the greening in shortage of water resources area, and labor intensity of operating staff is bigger, and the cycle of watering is short.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provide a kind of can using water wisely, add the water cycle automatic matrix of water saving long, that automatically equalizing flood is irritated feedwater and soak the filling flowerpot.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: the filling flowerpot is soaked in a kind of water saving automatically, comprise the flowerpot body, it is characterized in that: be provided with a middle part at flowerpot body middle part and be extended with the dividing plate that soaks the filling chamber downwards, and described soaking irritated the bottom, chamber and is provided with one at least and soaks grout, described dividing plate is divided into the flowerpot body goes up matrix chamber and following water storage cavity, at least be provided with a through hole on the described dividing plate, on described water storage cavity wall down, be provided with one at least and lead to extraneous aperture near described dividing plate place.
Adopted the flowerpot of technique scheme, plant is planted in the last matrix chamber of flowerpot, put into matrix, in water storage cavity under the injection of nutrient solutions such as water, nutrient solution from soak irritate the chamber soak grout constantly along soaking grout and matrix rises to plant roots, for its absorption, in plant roots and stems vein network, capillarity is taking place, the nutrient solution that moves in the plant train of thought is constantly absorbed by plant and consumes, matrix and plant nutrition liquid are ceaselessly being delivered in relays like this, realized automatic slight irrigation to plant, keep the metabolism of plant, but adding a water long period in following water storage cavity need not add water, the water saving efficiency height, the automatic equalization continuous water supply, support material, than sprinkling irrigation, the application of drip irrigation, application of the present utility model is simple and convenient, cost is low, small investment is being allocated fertilizer and insecticide in the water storage cavity down, can be water supply, fertilising, the disease-prevention and insecticide multiple working procedure is finished together synchronously, lead to extraneous aperture on the following water storage cavity wall and can guarantee the liquid level of water storage cavity down and breathe freely, so the utility model is the using water wisely of a kind of energy, it is long to add the water cycle, automatically soak and irritate feedwater and simple and convenient, cost is low, the automatic matrix of the water saving of small investment is soaked the filling flowerpot.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is the utility model structural representation.
Referring to accompanying drawing, be provided with a middle part at flowerpot body 1 middle part and be extended with the dividing plate 2 that soaks filling chamber 4 downwards, and described soaking irritated 4 bottoms, chamber and is provided with one and soaks grout 5, described dividing plate 2 is divided into flowerpot body 1 goes up matrix chamber 7 and following water storage cavity 8, described dividing plate 2 is provided with a through hole 3, is provided with one at least near described dividing plate 2 places and leads to extraneous aperture 6 on described water storage cavity 8 walls down.
Plant 9 is planted in the last matrix chamber 7 of flowerpot, put into matrix, in water storage cavity 8 under directly the through hole on dividing plate 23 injects on the matrix of nutrient solutions such as water in last matrix chamber 7, nutrient solution from soak irritate chamber 4 soak grout 5 constantly along soaking the root that grout 5 and matrix rise to plant 9, for its absorption, in plant 9 root, stem and leaf train of thoughts, capillarity is taking place, and the nutrient solution that moves in the plant train of thought is constantly absorbed by plant and consumes, and matrix and plant nutrition liquid are ceaselessly being delivered in relays like this, realized automatic slight irrigation to plant 9, keep the metabolism of plant, adding a water in following water storage cavity 8 can supply tens days need not add water, finished the overall process of watering automatically, the water saving efficiency height, the automatic equalization continuous water supply, support material, than sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation is used, and application of the present utility model is simple and convenient, cost is low, small investment.
Unnecessary water can overflow from aperture 6 in the following water storage cavity 8, has guaranteed the liquid level of time water storage cavity 8, and matrix and plant 9 can not be immersed in the water, and air can guarantee the gas permeability of matrix from aperture 6 turnover.
Add water-soluble fertilizer or plant nutrition liquid in following water storage cavity 8, then the pouring fertilising can be carried out synchronously; Add agricultural chemicals, but pest control treatment also.
The utility model can be according to different plants, and science is prepared, used various nutrient solutions, effectively impels the plant growing way luxuriant, improve quality and yield.
The utility model can be built good growth subenvironment to plant, pouring, sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation, and water all is to water at ground surface, except that being evaporated easily the waste, also causes the surface layer caking airtight.The utility model directly is dipped into plant root with water, can not cause soil compaction, has guaranteed that plant root has enough water, air and nutrition supply.
The utility model water-saving rate is higher than any irrigation method in the world today, under equal conditions, soak and irritate water less than 10% of sprinkling irrigation, 20% of drip irrigation, can directly use without any processing any water source of natural world, be not subjected to the restriction of topography and geomorphology, it is a kind of pure physical phenomenon, any matrix and various flowers, vegetables are not produced any negative effect, cultivation cost and peasant's labour intensity is reduced significantly, can extensively realize nuisanceless, free of contamination soilless culture all sidedly and not have substrate culture, can improve the potted plant quality and yield of flowers.