CN106386125A - Method for manufacturing shrub potted plant - Google Patents

Method for manufacturing shrub potted plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386125A
CN106386125A CN201610816802.9A CN201610816802A CN106386125A CN 106386125 A CN106386125 A CN 106386125A CN 201610816802 A CN201610816802 A CN 201610816802A CN 106386125 A CN106386125 A CN 106386125A
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China
Prior art keywords
plant
shrub
potted
growth
soil
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CN201610816802.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘崟艳
陈杰
赵碧佳
张发贵
陈默
严忠村
王萍
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Fujian Flower Bonsai Co Ltd
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Fujian Flower Bonsai Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610816802.9A priority Critical patent/CN106386125A/en
Publication of CN106386125A publication Critical patent/CN106386125A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention provides a method for manufacturing a shrub potted plant. The method includes the steps: (1) plant selection; (2) plant pruning; (3) plant shaping; (4) vessel selection; (5) substrate preparation; (6) planting hole specification determination; (7) planting; (8) layout design; (9) cultivation management; and (10) disease and pest control. Multiple varieties of plants can be plant through combination of three-dimensional space of a vessel and plant growth seasonal characteristics, and an artistic effect is achieved. The method is simple to operate, is high in replicability, is low in management cost, can effectively improve the artistic value of the potted plants, can cultivate the potted plants in long time in the ambient temperature condition, and has wide business prospect for shrub artistic potted plants.

Description

A kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub
Technical field
The present invention belongs to technical field of gardening, particularly to a kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub.
Technical background
With the continuous improvement of living standards of the people, indoor environment is required to step up, modern art is potted plant to be subject to gradually To people's favor.Modern art is potted plant, is the gimmick by Art Design, from the close plant of multiple habits, configures Artistic work in the cultivation of same basin device.Since 21 century, people's design potted plant to art, plant collocation, substrate allocation, cultivation The aspects such as training management have made intensive studies.Wang Hong(2007)Application modern horticultural cultivation technique and industrial technology invent a kind of scape The modern potted landscape flowerpot of object, its ventilating structure quickly provides, for plant root, the channel that external nourishment divides.Xu Zhuoying(2008) Using three-stage planting composition, study plants configuration method and the management technique of combined pot culture, it is concluded that:Natural style group It is optimal for closing Potted-plant container square orifice, and the mixed-matrix of turf and perlite cooperation is suitable for great majority and sees flower, foliage plant. Lin Ming(2010)By plant society design and artistic value research, the making to flowers combined pot culture carries out further investigated, makes The added value of viewing and admiring of potted flower gets a promotion.Hu Jiying(2013)In terms of container with material selection, Making programme, maintenance management etc. Have studied and introduce the process that outdoor container flowers combined pot culture makes.Ren Junhui(2014)Using the photosynthetic analysis of LI -6400 Instrument and Microsoft Ex-cel, DPS data handling system carry out light saturation point, light benefit to 5 kinds of sample potted plants Repay point, Net Photosynthetic Rate, apparent quantum speed, chlorophyll content, specific leaf weight, stomatal conductance, transpiration rate, efficiency of light energy utilization etc. The mensure of Photosynthetic physiological indexes and comparative studies, it is concluded that:The photosynthetic capacity of arbor class potted plant is better than shrub Potted plant, the photosynthetic capacity of draft class potted plant is less than arbor class and shrub potted plant.Liu Yan (2015)A kind of method proposing to make modern art potted landscape from the close plant of habit under environment indoors.
Generally speaking, make remarkable progress in the potted plant manufacturing technology of last decade modern art, not only China's gardening Production technique improvement is laid a good foundation, and provides strong making skill for producing the potted plant works of high-quality modern art Art.Meanwhile, China's plant resources very abundant, exploitation gardening product and the potted plant works of modern art have advantageous excellent Gesture, strengthens the potted plant theoretical research of modern art, meets domestic and international market demand, and have very much ornamental value, learning value and warp Ji meaning.
Content of the invention
For above-mentioned existing technology, the problem to be solved in the present invention is:A kind of shrub under natural environment is provided Potted plant preparation method, energy is efficient, the long-term potted plant works obtaining high-quality, artistic potted plant manufacturing technology is changed simultaneously Good.During the method cultivation management, between different plants, survival rate is high, and survival period is long, simple to operate, easily transports, can be longer The strong shrub art of sight is obtained potted plant in cycle.
A kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub, comprises the following steps:
1)The selection of plant:Annual the Beginning of Winter selection 2 ~ 3 years robust growth, the small shrub class plant little Hua crape myrtles of well developed root system are Subject plant;Growth selection is healthy and strong, the succulent jonquil of well developed root system and this plant of flame nettle red reticulate pattern grass are planted for accessory Thing;
2)Vegetation pruning:Little Hua crape myrtle plant selects beta pruning and pinching method, wipe out the overstocked branch of growth, intersect branch sick branch and Deadwood, and cut off top for stem, control height, favorably its ventilation and penetrating light, promote it and sprout side shoot;Jonquil plant wipes out growth Overstocked branch and deadwood;
3)Plant integer:Treat the beginning of spring, little Hua crape myrtle plant grows spray;When basin soil is dried, with soft baked wheaten cake of straw burning Fine copper wire, is wound around toward tree crown portion from root, by undershoot up branch, from thick branch toward withe, is finally run business into particular one portion from tree crown portion toward undershoot Whole appearance;When fine copper wire will be absorbed in 3 ~ 5 days before bark, remove in time;
4)The selection of vessel:Select 40 ~ 50cm diameter, the utensil of the pottery of 25 ~ 30cm height, porcelain or resin material;
5)The preparation of matrix:Host material is selected to have bark, minishanny, plant ash, pure sand, using solar disinfection, by 30-50g 50% 600 ~ 800 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid are sprayed on host material, divide and are exposed to the sun under high light 3 ~ 4 days on cement plate, pine Soil;Utensil bottom first spreads the bark of sterilization of one layer of 3 ~ 4 cm;Select to enrich containing humus or calcareous minishanny of having sterilized, Apply 3-5g fertilizer;Take minishanny and plant ash, pure husky prepare composite soil, mix, pour in vessel it is ensured that loosing soil;
6)Plant plant hole specification:Make cave, the kind plant hole distributed depth 10 ~ 15cm of little Hua crape myrtle plant, diameter away from vessel mouth 2 ~ 5cm 7~10cm;Jonquil, the kind plant hole distributed depth 7 ~ 9cm, diameter 7 ~ 9cm of red reticulate pattern grass plant;
7)Field planting:Take step 3)The good little Hua crape myrtle of middle integer, step 2)Middle jonquil and red reticulate pattern grass plant are planted with original The soil of training gently moves into kind of a plant hole, compacting, the aqueous strong liver moss of even guarantee for a person given by a shopkeeper;Matrix is inserted in cave, from vessel mouth 0.5cm ~ 2cm Stop;
8)Layout designs:The loose skin masonry selecting 15 ~ 20cm height is accessory, in the middle of the kind plant hole of little Hua crape myrtle and jonquil Band embedment 7cm depth is fixed, and around matrix landfill, stromal surface need to be with spreading liver moss;Matrix on cleaning basin tool outer wall, waters Moisturizing;
9)Cultivation management:According to the habit of shrub, draft class and many meat plant, the moisture potted plant to art and environment It is controlled;Require spring potted plant there is ventilating drainage, avoid ponding, water weekly 1 time, monthly it is applied with 2 ~ 4g composite fertilizer A 1 time, monthly sprays 2 50% 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid;Summer applies 2 ~ 4g composite fertilizer b, and monthly 2 Secondary, promote little Hua crape myrtle flower bud growth and kind of blooming period prolonging;Autumn, winter daily illumination 2 ~ 3h, water weekly 2 times, every two months to it Apply 1 composite fertilizer a1 ~ 3g, relative air humidity is not higher than 60%, and earthing is cold-proof;In growth course, noon autumn and winter season pours Water, summer waters before at 10 points in the morning or after at 16 points in afternoon, waters when matrix is dried;
10)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the principle of " relying mainly on prevention ", monthly 1 time plant is sprayed 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions, make potted plant grow healthy and strong, strengthen the defensive ability/resistance ability of plant pair pest and disease damage, in time cleaning fallen leaves dead leaf, Prevent disease pest from propagating.
Step 1)In make full use of hierarchical structure, growth selection habit is close, the florescence is different little Hua crape myrtle, jonquil, Red reticulate pattern grass combination collocation, keeps good appreciation effect.
Step 2)Pinching method in middle utilization vegetation pruning skill, makes little Hua crape myrtle plant downgrade, reaches potted plant moulding, whole appearance Purpose.
Step 4)The gas permeability of middle utensil is strong, is conducive to plant root growth demand.Meanwhile, reach with plant global design Balance, artistry.
Step 5)Middle composite soil is minishanny, plant ash, pure sand in mass ratio 3:2:1 preparation, has stronger guarantor(Row)Water, Ventilative, fertilizer-preserving ability.
Step 7)Middle plant, with the soil transferring of former cultivation, prevents root system of plant to be destroyed, improves plant adaptability.
Step 9)Described composite fertilizer a is nitrogenous fertilizer and urea in mass ratio 2:3 preparation, composite fertilizer b be potassium dihydrogen phosphate and Urea in mass ratio 2:1 preparation.
Using the technical program foundation:
A. the close plant resources of potted plant utilization habit, application space multilayered structure cropping pattern, increase plant color Property, improve survival rate between plant, realize reducing cost of manufacture.
B. the potted plant volume requiring utensil is not less than the 70% of works design is optimal selection.
C. potted plant middle shrub plant culture soil pH value requires:Slant acidity 5.5 ~ 6.8, succulent yellow earth, cultivation soil Earth pH value requires:Slant acidity 5.8 ~ 6.2.Therefore, prepare weakly acidic matrix, be beneficial to plant growth.
D. potted plant middle succulent is best suitable in 15 ~ 25 DEG C of temperature growing;Shrub is the most suitable in 25 ~ 30 DEG C of temperature Symphysis is long, is conducive to bud differentiation;Therefore, select 3 the most vigorous ~ April of plant growth to be transplanted, make survival rate high.
E. pinching method in potted plant utilization vegetation pruning skill, makes shrub dwarfing plants, reaches potted plant moulding, the mesh of whole appearance 's.
The present invention has the advantages that:
1. whole manufacturing process no season requires, and can complete under normal temperature environment.
2. make full use of space, sunlight resource between plant in potted plant making, improve matrix utilization rate, increase plant various Property, improve indoor environment.
3. potted plant make in lured using metal wire draw with correcting technology to shrub plant whole appearance, improve potted plant art valency Value.
4. art is potted plant makes simply, and technical key point is grasped easily, and efficiency is higher, with low cost, is suitable for giving birth on a large scale Produce.
5. environmental change can be well adapted between potted plant middle combined plant, after maintenance management, can keep higher for a long time Ornamental value, and can long term storage at normal temperatures.
6. potted plant only need to 8 months from the time being fabricated into sale, shorter than traditional potted plant cultivation phase.
Specific embodiment
Become apparent from for meaning of the present invention, production program and advantage, in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is specifically chatted State.Following embodiments are intended to further illustrate the present invention, and the unrestricted present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub, comprises the following steps:
1st, the selection of plant:Annual the Beginning of Winter selects 2 years robust growth, the small shrub class plant little Hua crape myrtles of well developed root system(50~ 60cm height, 45 ~ 55cm hat width)For subject plant;Growth selection stalwartness, the succulent jonquil of well developed root system and flame nettle This plant red reticulate pattern grass is accessory plant;
2nd, vegetation pruning:Little Hua crape myrtle plant selects beta pruning method and pinching method, wipes out the overstocked branch of growth, intersects branch sick branch And deadwood, and cut off top for stem, control height, favorably its ventilation and penetrating light, promote it and sprout side shoot;Jonquil plant wipes out life The overstocked branch of length and deadwood;
3rd, plant integer:Treat the beginning of spring, little Hua crape myrtle plant grows spray.When basin soil is dried, burnt with burned soft of straw Fine copper wire, from root toward tree crown portion be wound around, by undershoot up branch, from thick branch toward withe, finally run business into particular one from tree crown portion toward undershoot The whole appearance in portion;When fine copper wire is soon absorbed in first 4 days of bark, is clamped down on trimming and wipe out;
4th, the selection of vessel:Select 40cm diameter, the utensil of the pottery material of 30cm height;
5th, the preparation of matrix:Host material is selected to have bark, minishanny, plant ash, pure sand, using solar disinfection.By 50% chlorine bromine 700 times of dilutions of isocyanuric acid are sprayed on host material, divide and are exposed to the sun under high light 3 days on cement plate, loosen the soil;Utensil bottom is first The bark of sterilization of one layer of 3 cm of paving;Select to enrich containing humus or calcareous minishanny of having sterilized, apply fertilizer;By device Ware volume prepares composite soil, mixes, and pours in vessel it is ensured that loosing soil;Described composite soil is minishanny, plant ash, pure sand are pressed Mass ratio 3:2:1 preparation, pH value is 6,
6th, plant plant hole specification:(it is defined depending on basin size) away from vessel mouth 4cm and makees cave, the kind plant hole distribution of little Hua crape myrtle plant is deep Degree 12cm, diameter 8cm;Jonquil, the kind plant hole distributed depth 8cm, diameter 8cm of red reticulate pattern grass plant;
7th, it is colonized:Annual March takes step 3)The good little Hua crape myrtle of middle integer, step 2)Middle jonquil and red reticulate pattern grass plant band The soil original cultivation gently moves into step 5)Middle kind of plant hole, compacting, the aqueous strong liver moss of even guarantee for a person given by a shopkeeper;Matrix is inserted in cave, Stop from vessel mouth 1cm (being defined depending on basin size);
8th, layout designs:The loose skin masonry selecting 17cm height is accessory, in the kind plant hole Intermediate Gray of little Hua crape myrtle and jonquil Embedment 7cm depth is fixed, and loose skin stone plays little Hua crape myrtle and 2 kinds of plant irrigation amount buffer actions of jonquil, it is to avoid between plant Irrigation amount difference leads to plant survival rate to decline;Around matrix landfill, stromal surface need to be with spreading liver moss;On cleaning basin tool outer wall Matrix, moisturizing of watering;
9th, cultivation management:According to the habit of shrub, draft class and many meat plant, the moisture potted plant to art and environment It control effectively.Now require spring potted plant there is excellent ventilating drainage, water weekly 1 time, monthly 3g applied to it Composite fertilizer a(Nitrogenous fertilizer:Urea=2:3)1 time, 40g mass fraction is dissolved in for 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid wettable powder simultaneously 50000mL water is diluted to 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions, monthly sprays 2 times, prevents and treats leaf spot, mycosis, avoids ponding, keeps base Matter moistens loose;Summer is the little Hua crape myrtle growth best opportunity, waters weekly 2 times, monthly applies 3g composite fertilizer b(Biphosphate Potassium:Urea=2:1)2 times, promote flower bud growth and kind of blooming period prolonging;Autumn, winter plant enter rest period, are also that succulent is long-lived The best opportunity at florescence of flower, it is ensured that daily illumination 2 ~ 3h, waters weekly 1 time, it was applied with 2g composite fertilizer a in every 2 months(Nitrogenous fertilizer: Urea=2:3)1 time, relative air humidity is not higher than 60%, and earthing is cold-proof;Watering according to " do not do and do not pour " in growth course Principle, autumn and winter season is suitable for noon and waters, and summer is suitable for watering before at 10 points in the morning or after at 16 points in afternoon;Described composite fertilizer A is nitrogenous fertilizer and urea in mass ratio 2:3 preparations, composite fertilizer b is potassium dihydrogen phosphate and urea in mass ratio 2:1 preparation, composite fertilizer Apply in plant surrounding substrate surface, note being sprinkling upon on plant axial root system easy burn seedlings;
10th, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the principle of " relying mainly on prevention ", 40g mass fraction is 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid wettable powder Agent is dissolved in 50000mL water and is diluted to 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions, monthly plant is sprayed 1 time, so that potted plant is grown healthy and strong, Strengthen the defensive ability/resistance ability of plant pair pest and disease damage, in time cleaning fallen leaves dead leaf, prevent disease pest from propagating.
Embodiment 2
A kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub, step is as follows:
1)The selection of plant:Annual the Beginning of Winter selects based on 2 years robust growth, the small shrub class plant little Hua crape myrtles of well developed root system Body plant;Growth selection is healthy and strong, the succulent jonquil of well developed root system and this plant of flame nettle red reticulate pattern grass are accessory plant;
2)Vegetation pruning:Little Hua crape myrtle plant selects beta pruning and pinching method, wipe out the overstocked branch of growth, intersect branch sick branch and Deadwood, and cut off top for stem, control height, favorably its ventilation and penetrating light, promote it and sprout side shoot;Jonquil plant wipes out growth Overstocked branch and deadwood;
3)Plant integer:Treat the beginning of spring, little Hua crape myrtle plant grows spray;When basin soil is dried, with soft baked wheaten cake of straw burning Fine copper wire, is wound around toward tree crown portion from root, by undershoot up branch, from thick branch toward withe, is finally run business into particular one portion from tree crown portion toward undershoot Whole appearance;When fine copper wire will be absorbed in first 3 days of bark, remove in time;
4)The selection of vessel:Select 40cm diameter, the utensil of the pottery of 25cm height, porcelain or resin material;
5)The preparation of matrix:Host material is selected to have bark, minishanny, plant ash, pure sand, using solar disinfection, by 30g50% 600 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid are sprayed on host material, divide and are exposed to the sun under high light 3 days on cement plate, loosen the soil;Utensil bottom Portion first spreads the bark of sterilization of one layer of 3cm;Select to enrich containing humus or calcareous minishanny of having sterilized, apply 3g organic Fertile;Take minishanny and plant ash, pure husky prepare composite soil, mix, pour in vessel it is ensured that loosing soil;
6)Plant plant hole specification:Make cave, the kind plant hole distributed depth 10cm, diameter 7cm of little Hua crape myrtle plant away from vessel mouth 2cm; Jonquil, the kind plant hole distributed depth 7cm, diameter 7cm of red reticulate pattern grass plant;
7)Field planting:Take step 3)The good little Hua crape myrtle of middle integer, step 2)Middle jonquil and red reticulate pattern grass plant are planted with original The soil of training gently moves into kind of a plant hole, compacting, the aqueous strong liver moss of even guarantee for a person given by a shopkeeper;Matrix is inserted in cave, stops from vessel mouth 0.5cm Only;
8)Layout designs:The loose skin masonry selecting 15cm height is accessory, in the kind plant hole Intermediate Gray of little Hua crape myrtle and jonquil Embedment 7cm depth is fixed, and around matrix landfill, stromal surface need to be with spreading liver moss;Matrix on cleaning basin tool outer wall, water guarantor Wet;
9)Cultivation management:According to the habit of shrub, draft class and many meat plant, the moisture potted plant to art and environment It is controlled;Require spring potted plant there is ventilating drainage, avoid ponding, water weekly 1 time, monthly it is applied with 2g composite fertilizer a 1 time, monthly spray 2 50% 1000 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid;Summer applies composite fertilizer b 2g, monthly 2 times, promotes little Flower crape myrtle flower bud growth and kind of blooming period prolonging;Autumn, winter daily illumination 2h, water weekly 2 times, it was applied in every two months with 1 time and is combined Fertile a 1g, relative air humidity is not higher than 60%, and earthing is cold-proof;In growth course, noon autumn and winter season waters, and summer is in the morning Water before 10 points or after at 16 points in afternoon, water when matrix is dried;
10)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the principle of " relying mainly on prevention ", monthly 1 time 1000 times of 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid is sprayed to plant Dilution, makes potted plant grow healthy and strong, strengthens the defensive ability/resistance ability of plant pair pest and disease damage, and cleaning fallen leaves dead leaf, prevents disease in time Worm is propagated.
Step 5)Middle composite soil is minishanny, plant ash, pure sand in mass ratio 3:2:1 preparation.
Step 9)Described composite fertilizer a is nitrogenous fertilizer and urea in mass ratio 2:3 preparation, composite fertilizer b be potassium dihydrogen phosphate and Urea in mass ratio 2:1 preparation.
Embodiment 3
A kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub, step is as follows:
1)The selection of plant:Annual the Beginning of Winter selects based on 3 years robust growth, the small shrub class plant little Hua crape myrtles of well developed root system Body plant;Growth selection is healthy and strong, the succulent jonquil of well developed root system and this plant of flame nettle red reticulate pattern grass are accessory plant;
2)Vegetation pruning:Little Hua crape myrtle plant selects beta pruning and pinching method, wipe out the overstocked branch of growth, intersect branch sick branch and Deadwood, and cut off top for stem, control height, favorably its ventilation and penetrating light, promote it and sprout side shoot;Jonquil plant wipes out growth Overstocked branch and deadwood;
3)Plant integer:Treat the beginning of spring, little Hua crape myrtle plant grows spray;When basin soil is dried, with soft baked wheaten cake of straw burning Fine copper wire, is wound around toward tree crown portion from root, by undershoot up branch, from thick branch toward withe, is finally run business into particular one portion from tree crown portion toward undershoot Whole appearance;When fine copper wire will be absorbed in first 5 days of bark, remove in time;
4)The selection of vessel:Select 50cm diameter, the utensil of the pottery of 30cm height, porcelain or resin material;
5)The preparation of matrix:Host material is selected to have bark, minishanny, plant ash, pure sand, using solar disinfection, by 50g50% 800 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid are sprayed on host material, divide and are exposed to the sun under high light 4 days on cement plate, loosen the soil;Utensil bottom Portion first spreads the bark of sterilization of one layer of 4 cm;Select to enrich containing humus or calcareous minishanny of having sterilized, apply 5g organic Fertile;Take minishanny and plant ash, pure husky prepare composite soil, mix, pour in vessel it is ensured that loosing soil;
6)Plant plant hole specification:Make cave, the kind plant hole distributed depth 15cm, diameter 10cm of little Hua crape myrtle plant away from vessel mouth 5cm; Jonquil, the kind plant hole distributed depth 9cm, diameter 9cm of red reticulate pattern grass plant;
7)Field planting:Take step 3)The good little Hua crape myrtle of middle integer, step 2)Middle jonquil and red reticulate pattern grass plant are planted with original The soil of training gently moves into kind of a plant hole, compacting, the aqueous strong liver moss of even guarantee for a person given by a shopkeeper;Matrix is inserted in cave, stops from vessel mouth 2cm;
8)Layout designs:The loose skin masonry selecting 20cm height is accessory, in the kind plant hole Intermediate Gray of little Hua crape myrtle and jonquil Embedment 7cm depth is fixed, and around matrix landfill, stromal surface need to be with spreading liver moss;Matrix on cleaning basin tool outer wall, water guarantor Wet;
9)Cultivation management:According to the habit of shrub, draft class and many meat plant, the moisture potted plant to art and environment It is controlled;Require spring potted plant there is ventilating drainage, avoid ponding, water weekly 1 time, monthly it is applied with 4g composite fertilizer a 1 time, monthly spray 2 50% 1500 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid;Summer applies composite fertilizer b4g, monthly 2 times, promotes little Hua Crape myrtle flower bud growth and kind of blooming period prolonging;Autumn, winter daily illumination 3h, water weekly 2 times, it are applied with 1 composite fertilizer a in every two months 3g, relative air humidity is not higher than 60%, and earthing is cold-proof;In growth course, noon autumn and winter season waters, and summer is at 10 points in the morning Water after front or at 16 points in afternoon, water when matrix is dried;
10)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the principle of " relying mainly on prevention ", monthly 1 time plant is sprayed 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions, make potted plant grow healthy and strong, strengthen the defensive ability/resistance ability of plant pair pest and disease damage, in time cleaning fallen leaves dead leaf, Prevent disease pest from propagating.
Step 5)Middle composite soil is minishanny, plant ash, pure sand in mass ratio 3:2:1 preparation.
Step 9)Described composite fertilizer a is nitrogenous fertilizer and urea in mass ratio 2:3 preparation, composite fertilizer b be potassium dihydrogen phosphate and Urea in mass ratio 2:1 preparation.
The embodiment of the present invention with art potted plant as object, closed using the similar different cultivars shrub plant of habit The collocation of reason ground, this potted plant survival rate being finally obtained reaches 99.4%, survival period 2 years(If potted plant survival more than 2 years, to shrub Class, many meat plant are repaired again, prevent excessive growth, and change basin device);In the case of depositing the black box 4 days of closing(Simulation Transportation environment), in 30 DEG C, relative air humidity reaches 80% to temperature control, and this plant of flame nettle red reticulate pattern grass occurs a small amount of Yellow leaf, potted plant overall survival reaches 97.6%, realizes high-quality, the ornamental strong potted plant works of shrub art.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of potted plant preparation method of shrub it is characterised in that:Step is as follows:
1)The selection of plant:Annual the Beginning of Winter selection 2 ~ 3 years robust growth, the small shrub class plant little Hua crape myrtles of well developed root system are Subject plant;Growth selection is healthy and strong, the succulent jonquil of well developed root system and this plant of flame nettle red reticulate pattern grass are planted for accessory Thing;
2)Vegetation pruning:Little Hua crape myrtle plant selects beta pruning and pinching method, wipe out the overstocked branch of growth, intersect branch sick branch and Deadwood, and cut off top for stem, control height, favorably its ventilation and penetrating light, promote it and sprout side shoot;Jonquil plant wipes out growth Overstocked branch and deadwood;
3)Plant integer:Treat the beginning of spring, little Hua crape myrtle plant grows spray;When basin soil is dried, with soft baked wheaten cake of straw burning Fine copper wire, is wound around toward tree crown portion from root, by undershoot up branch, from thick branch toward withe, is finally run business into particular one portion from tree crown portion toward undershoot Whole appearance;When fine copper wire will be absorbed in 3 ~ 5 days before bark, remove in time;
4)The selection of vessel:Select 40 ~ 50cm diameter, the utensil of the pottery of 25 ~ 30cm height, porcelain or resin material;
5)The preparation of matrix:Host material is selected to have bark, minishanny, plant ash, pure sand, using solar disinfection, by 30-50g 50% 600 ~ 800 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid are sprayed on host material, divide and are exposed to the sun under high light 3 ~ 4 days on cement plate, pine Soil;Utensil bottom first spreads the bark of sterilization of one layer of 3 ~ 4 cm;Select to enrich containing humus or calcareous minishanny of having sterilized, Apply 3-5g fertilizer;Take minishanny and plant ash, pure husky prepare composite soil, mix, pour in vessel it is ensured that loosing soil;
6)Plant plant hole specification:Make cave, the kind plant hole distributed depth 10 ~ 15cm of little Hua crape myrtle plant, diameter away from vessel mouth 2 ~ 5cm 7~10cm;Jonquil, the kind plant hole distributed depth 7 ~ 9cm, diameter 7 ~ 9cm of red reticulate pattern grass plant;
7)Field planting:Take step 3)The good little Hua crape myrtle of middle integer, step 2)Middle jonquil and red reticulate pattern grass plant are planted with original The soil of training gently moves into kind of a plant hole, compacting, the aqueous strong liver moss of even guarantee for a person given by a shopkeeper;Matrix is inserted in cave, from vessel mouth 0.5cm ~ 2cm Stop;
8)Layout designs:The loose skin masonry selecting 15 ~ 20cm height is accessory, in the middle of the kind plant hole of little Hua crape myrtle and jonquil Band embedment 7cm depth is fixed, and around matrix landfill, stromal surface need to be with spreading liver moss;Matrix on cleaning basin tool outer wall, waters Moisturizing;
9)Cultivation management:According to the habit of shrub, draft class and many meat plant, the moisture potted plant to art and environment It is controlled;Require spring potted plant there is ventilating drainage, avoid ponding, water weekly 1 time, monthly it is applied with 2 ~ 4g composite fertilizer A 1 time, monthly sprays 2 50% 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions of chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid;Summer applies composite fertilizer b 2 ~ 4g, and monthly 2 Secondary, promote little Hua crape myrtle flower bud growth and kind of blooming period prolonging;Autumn, winter daily illumination 2 ~ 3h, water weekly 2 times, every two months to it Apply 1 composite fertilizer a 1 ~ 3g, relative air humidity is not higher than 60%, and earthing is cold-proof;In growth course, noon autumn and winter season pours Water, summer waters before at 10 points in the morning or after at 16 points in afternoon, waters when matrix is dried;
10)The prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:According to the principle of " relying mainly on prevention ", monthly 1 time plant is sprayed 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions, make potted plant grow healthy and strong, strengthen the defensive ability/resistance ability of plant pair pest and disease damage, in time cleaning fallen leaves dead leaf, Prevent disease pest from propagating.
2. according to claim 1 the potted plant preparation method of shrub it is characterised in that:Step 5)Middle composite soil be minishanny, Plant ash, pure sand in mass ratio 3:2:1 preparation.
3. the potted plant preparation method of shrub according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Step 9)Described composite fertilizer a For nitrogenous fertilizer and urea in mass ratio 2:3 preparations, composite fertilizer b is potassium dihydrogen phosphate and urea in mass ratio 2:1 preparation.
CN201610816802.9A 2016-09-12 2016-09-12 Method for manufacturing shrub potted plant Pending CN106386125A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108401847A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-08-17 兴义市龙安园林绿化有限公司 A kind of potting fire spine compost and preparation method thereof
CN108782106A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-13 安吉仕锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of fleshy cultural method of nutrition
CN114391469A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-04-26 上海上房园林植物研究所有限公司 Preparation method of prefabricated meadow flower blocks

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘崟艳: "现代艺术盆栽制作技术", 《现代农业科技》 *
武荣花: "盆栽月季栽培技术研究进展", 《河南农业科学》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108401847A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-08-17 兴义市龙安园林绿化有限公司 A kind of potting fire spine compost and preparation method thereof
CN108782106A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-13 安吉仕锦农业发展有限公司 A kind of fleshy cultural method of nutrition
CN114391469A (en) * 2021-12-24 2022-04-26 上海上房园林植物研究所有限公司 Preparation method of prefabricated meadow flower blocks

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Application publication date: 20170215