CN1366116A - Technology for building house with slab-type structure - Google Patents

Technology for building house with slab-type structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1366116A
CN1366116A CN02104024A CN02104024A CN1366116A CN 1366116 A CN1366116 A CN 1366116A CN 02104024 A CN02104024 A CN 02104024A CN 02104024 A CN02104024 A CN 02104024A CN 1366116 A CN1366116 A CN 1366116A
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China
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technology
building
slab
building house
board
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CN02104024A
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CN1147652C (en
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赵仲星
戴自强
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Building Environments (AREA)

Abstract

The invented method for constructing the house and similar-purpose building includes load-bearing internal and external wallboard, floor slab and roof board. They are constructed by sandwiching flame-retardant foamed polystyrene or other thermal insulation materials into three-dimensional steel wire frame with concrete being clad on two surface of these elements. Pre-stressed concrete with pre-stressing reinforcing steel bars is adopted on the lower part of the roof board. The wallboard, floor slab and roof boards as loads bearing elements are prefabricated in the plant, and they are hoisted and installed on construction site where their connecting constructions are carried out. The invention provides merits of low thickness and dead weight of component parts, good performance of heat preservation and sound insulation and less wet operation in construction.

Description

Technology for building house with slab-type structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building method of building construction and similar applications building.
Prior art
Builing industry still rests at present and adopts traditional material and manual building by laying bricks or stones, consumes ample resources, destroys the soil, wastes energy, and housing quality can not improve, and building function can not get improving.Civilian construction such as dwelling house, office building, teaching building etc. adopt the brick mix structure form mostly, and the body of wall of this form of structure adopts clay brick to build by laying bricks or stones, bakes bricks and then will ruin field, power consumption, pollute the environment, and country is about to total ban and uses clay brick to build the house.
Domestic some multistoried building adopts frame construction and the light wall construction of framework, though avoided the use clay brick,, still exist building from great, the not high disadvantage of element precast degree has a strong impact on the modernization of building trade, has influenced the realization of housing industrialization.
The big slab-type apartment building " of the " of Jian Zaoing had realized the prefabricated production of member to a certain extent in the past, but, its wallboard and floor, general of roof panel are made of Reinforced Concrete Materials, though have mechanical property preferably, building physics performances such as insulation, sound insulation do not possessed.Therefore, there is bad, the defect of bad that insulates against sound of insulation in the dwelling house that builds up, has influenced result of use and living quality, is unfavorable for energy conservation, and is not popular to people.
The combined wall form that some places are being studied all with the reinforced concrete wall load-bearing of sheet material one side, only is attached at the reinforced concrete wall surface with light material, makes body of wall have certain building physics performance.This complex method makes that body of wall reinforced concrete soil thickness is very big, and it is also very big to conduct oneself with dignity, and form of construction work mostly is cast in situs, and the occupied thickness of wall body of light material does not have mechanical meaning.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to avoid weak point of the prior art, and provides a kind of substantially without clay brick, the technology for building house with slab-type structure that the building physics performance is good.
Can take following technical scheme to realize purpose.
Technology for building house with slab-type structure comprises inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel; But inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all are by the three dimensions steel wire net rack, and the centre is filled out with the flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics, the supporting member that forms behind the composite concrete of two sides; Prestressed concrete is adopted in floor, roof panel bottom, and its inside is added with some prestressed reinforcements; Load-bearing wall panel, floor, roof panel are the prefabricated production of batch production, lift and finish the construction of junction at the construction field (site).
Under the prerequisite that satisfies the said structure requirement, specific constructive form as for the integral body in plank frame house, each funtion part, each zero member, connection between member, fixed form, position relation etc., all can be according to using needs, take the circumstances into consideration to set, they can both realize purpose, guarantee the functional performance and the effect of present technique.
The relative prior art of the technical program has following advantage and effect:
Because inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all adopt the superimposed form of composite material, have given full play to the performance of different materials, have the external loads that other member of house applies and the ability of service load born; The steel wire net rack of sheet material and additional bar, prestressed reinforcement and two-sided compound concrete form good mechanics structure, has the good mechanical performance, when having equal supporting capacity, its wall plate member thickness has increased usage space much smaller than the body of wall of other materials and structural form; The deadweight of wallboard, floor, roof panel is much smaller than the respective members of existing other form of structure, the house deadweight of therefore building up is lighter than common brick-concrete composite buildings greatly, also be lighter than the house of the light wall structure of frame-generic and the house of reinforced concrete wall, thereby reduced cost of a building; During as combined wall board and roof panel, compound polystyrene foam plastics makes sheet material have good heat-insulating property in the middle of it, and energy-saving effect is obvious; When being used as floor, middle compound polystyrene foam plastics makes sheet material have good sound insulation property again, has improved the result of use in house.Wallboard, floor, roof panel are all taked the prefabricated production of batch production, realize standardization, seriation, industrialization, are made by factory, are transported to the construction that the job site lifted and finished connected node, build up the house of various uses; The connection of connected mode is reliable, power transmission effective, few, the easy construction of situ wet operation.
The technical program can be designed to dwelling house, office building, also can be designed to the house of various other purposes.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram in plank frame house;
Fig. 2 is that other of plank frame house plants schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is outer cross wall and outer vertical wall joint structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is interior cross wall and outer vertical wall joint structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is an interior wall intersection point place joint structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is a floor place joint structure schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1, prefabricated panel, 2, embedded iron parts, 3, panel edges gets rid of muscle, 4, prefabricated room panel, 5, prefabricated inner wall panel, 6, precast wall panel, 7, precast floor slab, 8, prefabricated balcony slab, 9, thermal insulation mortar, 10, the bight constructional column, 11, constructional column, 12, interface point constructional column, 13, plate end concrete.
The specific embodiment
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, embodiment is described in further detail the content of the technical program.
Embodiment 1, technology for building house with slab-type structure comprise inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel; Inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all are by the three dimensions steel wire net rack, and the centre is filled out with the flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics, the supporting member that forms behind the composite concrete of two sides, and they are with the prefabricated production of batch production; Prestressed concrete is adopted in floor, roof panel bottom, and its inside is added with some prestressed reinforcements; Prefabricated units lift and finish the construction of connected node at the construction field (site).The flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics also can adopt other heat insulating materials.
Embodiment 2, technology for building house with slab-type structure on 1 structured approach basis, are laid with vertical reinforcement in the wallboard concrete.
Embodiment 3, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, roofing adopts color steel sheet to add the composite board formation that heat insulating material is formed.To alleviate the weight of building.
Embodiment 4, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, roofing adopts the cast-in-place or prefabricated reinforced concrete roof panel of tradition and adds insulation layer and constitutes.
Embodiment 5, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, washroom, kitchen, staircase and other place adopt the reinforced concrete cast-in-situ flooring to constitute.Help to improve the globality of building and be convenient to be provided with the pipeline etc. of sanitaryware.
Embodiment 6, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 structured approach basis, some positions of building are provided with reinforced concrete shear wall.Shear wall can prefabricated or cast in situs construction.Thereby improved the lateral resisting rigidity of building.
Embodiment 7, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 structured approach bases, the junction is adopted and is connected sign indicating number or the connection of tenon tooth structure.
Embodiment 8, technology for building house with slab-type structure, on 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 structured approach bases, employing adds reinforced concrete structural column in the wallboard junction, adopts in floor, roof panel and wallboard junction to add reinforced concrete circle beam; Constructional column, collar tie beam cast in situs.
Embodiment 9, technology for building house with slab-type structure on 8 structured approach bases, are smeared insulation sand oar or subsides, extension light heat insulation material outside constructional column, the collar tie beam.Avoid forming cold bridge.
Building unit adopts the ZL96249318.X roof panel, ZL99205102.9 high-strength light insulation roof slab, the ZL99205103.7 Light weight sound-proofing floorslab, ZL00205194.X prestressed concrete filled board, the prefabricated sandwich type wall panel of ZL243879.8 light thermal-insulation, integrate load-bearing, insulation, sound insulation, the functional performance effect is good.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of technology for building house with slab-type structure, comprise inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel, it is characterized in that: inside and outside wall board, floor, roof panel all are by the three dimensions steel wire net rack, the centre is filled out with the flame-retardant polystyrene foamed plastics, the supporting member that forms behind the composite concrete of two sides, they are with the prefabricated production of batch production; Prestressed concrete is adopted in floor, roof panel bottom, and its inside is added with some prestressed reinforcements; Prefabricated units are transported to the job site, lift and finish the construction of junction.
2, structured approach according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be laid with vertical reinforcement in the wallboard concrete.
3, board-like technology for building house with according to claim 1 is characterized in that: roofing adopts color steel sheet to add the composite board formation that heat insulating material is formed.
4, board-like technology for building house with according to claim 1 is characterized in that: roofing adopts the cast-in-place or prefabricated reinforced concrete roof panel of tradition and adds insulation layer and constitutes.
5, board-like technology for building house with according to claim 1 is characterized in that: washroom, kitchen, staircase and other place adopt the reinforced concrete cast-in-situ flooring to constitute.
6, board-like technology for building house with according to claim 1 is characterized in that: some positions of building are provided with reinforced concrete shear wall.
7, according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 described technology for building house with slab-type structure, it is characterized in that: the junction is adopted and is connected sign indicating number or the connection of tenon tooth structure.
8, according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 described technology for building house with slab-type structure, it is characterized in that: adopt in the wallboard junction to add reinforced concrete structural column, adopt in floor, roof panel and wallboard junction to add reinforced concrete circle beam; Constructional column, collar tie beam cast in situs.
9, described according to Claim 8 technology for building house with slab-type structure is smeared insulation sand oar or subsides, extension light heat insulation material outside constructional column, the collar tie beam.
CNB021040249A 2002-03-06 2002-03-06 Technology for building house with slab-type structure Expired - Fee Related CN1147652C (en)

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CN1147652C CN1147652C (en) 2004-04-28

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1294331C (en) * 2003-12-05 2007-01-10 胡战波 In-site prestressed concrete sandwiched composite beamless floor structure system and construction method
CN101967851A (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-09 董杨 Board-mixing structure assembly type house and building method thereof
CN101970769B (en) * 2008-03-14 2013-02-06 建筑外壳国际有限公司 Prefabricated self-supporting construction element
CN102926460A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-02-13 殷正伟 Box-type apartment room, box-type combination room and building and assembling method of box-type apartment room and box-type combination room
CN103015565A (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-04-03 黑龙江宇辉新型建筑材料有限公司 Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method
CN104047381A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-17 孟凡林 Assembly integrated type lightly reinforced concrete shear wall structure
CN104179250A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-12-03 陕西昊兴房屋工程有限公司 Light-board house system and construction method thereof
CN104727445A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-24 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 Connection method and structure of bolts with mortises and tenon joints for prefabricated parts of total-fabricated building
CN105401681A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-16 西安建筑科技大学 Quick assembled type sloping roof based on assembled type composite wall structural system and construction method of quick assembled type sloping roof
CN105781010A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-20 河北合创建筑节能科技有限责任公司 Compound wallboard and integrated precast structure thereof
CN105971120A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-28 徐林波 Plate type assembled building
CN107700747A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-02-16 华声(天津)国际企业有限公司 A kind of prefabricated building
CN107724596A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-02-23 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Partial precast sandwich type wall panel and its wall body structure and building
CN108867850A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 华恒建设集团有限公司 A kind of prefabricated building and its construction method
CN108894339A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-27 中铁时代建筑设计院有限公司 A kind of tenon coupling attachment device of modular unit centre Column border node
CN109779009A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-21 孔祥利 Assembled architecture ecological house and construction method
CN111188490A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-05-22 广东快雅居建筑科技有限公司 Rapid building method for house integrated molding
CN111255149A (en) * 2019-04-08 2020-06-09 中清大科技股份有限公司 House building method and house
CN113895576A (en) * 2019-07-06 2022-01-07 王建平 Water floating type steel-concrete structure house building and structure engineering
CN114687600A (en) * 2022-03-19 2022-07-01 北京工业大学 Self-tapping nail cluster connecting structure and method for assembled composite wallboard and cantilever composite roof
CN117306911A (en) * 2023-11-29 2023-12-29 江苏兆智建筑科技有限公司 Assembled type vacation house and assembly component thereof

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JP3787348B2 (en) * 2004-11-25 2006-06-21 新日本製鐵株式会社 Steel house panel structure and panel construction method

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1294331C (en) * 2003-12-05 2007-01-10 胡战波 In-site prestressed concrete sandwiched composite beamless floor structure system and construction method
CN101970769B (en) * 2008-03-14 2013-02-06 建筑外壳国际有限公司 Prefabricated self-supporting construction element
CN101967851A (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-09 董杨 Board-mixing structure assembly type house and building method thereof
CN103015565A (en) * 2012-09-09 2013-04-03 黑龙江宇辉新型建筑材料有限公司 Prefabricated and assembled type integrated reinforced concrete load bearing wall and building construction method
CN102926460A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-02-13 殷正伟 Box-type apartment room, box-type combination room and building and assembling method of box-type apartment room and box-type combination room
CN104047381A (en) * 2014-07-04 2014-09-17 孟凡林 Assembly integrated type lightly reinforced concrete shear wall structure
CN104179250A (en) * 2014-08-18 2014-12-03 陕西昊兴房屋工程有限公司 Light-board house system and construction method thereof
CN104727445A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-24 长沙远大住宅工业集团有限公司 Connection method and structure of bolts with mortises and tenon joints for prefabricated parts of total-fabricated building
CN105401681A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-16 西安建筑科技大学 Quick assembled type sloping roof based on assembled type composite wall structural system and construction method of quick assembled type sloping roof
CN105401681B (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-11-24 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of quick-assembling pitched roof and its method of construction based on assembled composite wall structure system
CN105781010A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-07-20 河北合创建筑节能科技有限责任公司 Compound wallboard and integrated precast structure thereof
CN105971120A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-09-28 徐林波 Plate type assembled building
CN107700747A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-02-16 华声(天津)国际企业有限公司 A kind of prefabricated building
CN107724596A (en) * 2017-10-09 2018-02-23 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Partial precast sandwich type wall panel and its wall body structure and building
CN107724596B (en) * 2017-10-09 2023-08-29 清华大学建筑设计研究院有限公司 Partially prefabricated sandwich wallboard, wall structure thereof and building
CN108867850A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-23 华恒建设集团有限公司 A kind of prefabricated building and its construction method
CN108894339A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-11-27 中铁时代建筑设计院有限公司 A kind of tenon coupling attachment device of modular unit centre Column border node
CN109779009A (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-05-21 孔祥利 Assembled architecture ecological house and construction method
CN111255149A (en) * 2019-04-08 2020-06-09 中清大科技股份有限公司 House building method and house
CN115198916A (en) * 2019-04-08 2022-10-18 中清大科技股份有限公司 House structure and building method
CN113895576A (en) * 2019-07-06 2022-01-07 王建平 Water floating type steel-concrete structure house building and structure engineering
CN111188490A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-05-22 广东快雅居建筑科技有限公司 Rapid building method for house integrated molding
CN114687600A (en) * 2022-03-19 2022-07-01 北京工业大学 Self-tapping nail cluster connecting structure and method for assembled composite wallboard and cantilever composite roof
CN117306911A (en) * 2023-11-29 2023-12-29 江苏兆智建筑科技有限公司 Assembled type vacation house and assembly component thereof

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