CN1301807C - Domestic refuse sorting and treating system and treating process thereof - Google Patents

Domestic refuse sorting and treating system and treating process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1301807C
CN1301807C CNB2004100094147A CN200410009414A CN1301807C CN 1301807 C CN1301807 C CN 1301807C CN B2004100094147 A CNB2004100094147 A CN B2004100094147A CN 200410009414 A CN200410009414 A CN 200410009414A CN 1301807 C CN1301807 C CN 1301807C
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China
Prior art keywords
refuse
organic
screen drum
treatment system
separator
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2004100094147A
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CN1730172A (en
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李道卫
赵福庭
于广春
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BEIJING KITCHEN EQUIPMENT GROUP Co Ltd
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BEIJING KITCHEN EQUIPMENT GROUP Co Ltd
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Publication of CN1730172A publication Critical patent/CN1730172A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a refuse sorting treating system and a treating method thereof. The system comprises a material distributing machine, a material loading belt conveying device arranged on the output end of the material distributing machine and a separator positioned below the output end of the material loading belt conveying device, wherein the separator is provided with two outlets, and a secondary screening machine is arranged below an outlet for putrescible organic substances. A putrescible organic refuse discharging belt device is arranged on a discharging end, and a refuse collecting tank for receiving undersize objects is arranged below the putrescible organic refuse discharging belt device. A combustible organic and inorganic substance discharging belt device i s arranged below an outlet for inorganic substances. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out deodorizing treatment, wherein sending refuse into a separator for selective crushing separation; screening putrescible organic refuse which is biologically treated or composed; collecting and recycling combustible organic/inorganic garbage through packaging. The system and the method are suitable for house refuse sources in city/town communities, public facilities, commercial regions and industrial regions, and refuse is classified in the refuse sources. Moreover, the putrescible organic refuse is decreased on the spot or collected and composed, and combustible organic refuse can be compressed and packaged for coking or pelletizing recycle.

Description

Comsumer Waste Sorting Treatment System And Processing Method
Technical field
The present invention relates to domestic garbage treating system and processing method thereof, specifically, relate to a kind of Comsumer Waste Sorting Treatment System And Processing Method.
Background technology
At present, come into effect the classification work of house refuse in the residential block, promptly dustbin is set respectively puts on by classification by recyclable, not recyclable, rubbish from cooking, but because factor, the actual original-source by classification problems that can not fundamentally solve house refuse such as consciousness, idea and rules.Remain with admixture, be transported to closed junk-free station by the Cleaner, the common name garbage towers, most composting is transported to refuse landfill by environmental sanitation department again.Thereby, try hard to reach the purpose of saving valuable land resource and putting into practice the theory of " recycling economy " and be difficult to realize by existing refuse classification work.
Perfect and improve the categorized consumer waste collection and treatment, resource is utilized effectively, and must classify to rubbish from connecting the source.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of Comsumer Waste Sorting Treatment System And Processing Method.
Refuse classification treatment system of the present invention, comprise the storage material distributing machine, be arranged on the charging belt conveying device of material distributing machine output, be positioned at the separator of feeding and conveying device output below, separator has two outlets, one is to export by rotten organic matter, one is flammable organic and inorganic refuse outlet, can be provided with rescreener in rotten organic matter outlet below, the discharge end of described rescreener is provided with can rotten organic waste outfeed belt device, the sieve of rescreener below is provided with the garbage container that receives screenings, and described flammable organic and inorganic matter outlet is arranged with flammable organic and inorganic matter outfeed belt device.
Described charging belt device and storage material distributing machine are respectively arranged with guard shield.
Described garbage sorting machine comprises frame, and rack-mounted garbage sorting device, described support body are the wedge shape framework, and support body is divided into upper and lower two-layer, upper and lower two-layer at length direction horizontal by certain angle, lower floor and Equipment Foundations are affixed.
Described garbage sorting device comprises the feed box that is fixedly mounted on the frame, rack-mounted main shaft, be sleeved on and have screen drum, main drive that differential in the same way rotates and the forward and backward protective cover that is positioned at the screen drum periphery with main shaft on the main shaft, the axis of described screen drum is directed downwards 5 °-10 ° from the feed box to the discharging opening.
Described main shaft comprises the two ends spindle nose that is installed in forward and backward bearing block, between two spindle noses, be connected with three leaf helical feed plate and mouse cages by adpting flange, described mouse cage is fixed in ring-type front and back mouse cage adpting flange by four pipe five equilibriums, be respectively arranged with some cutters on four pipes, spindle nose is equipped with belt pulley before the main shaft.
Described screen drum comprises six floors, before being connected with six floor two ends, back annular screen drum flange and be positioned at before, the preceding raceway in the back annular screen drum flange outside and back raceway, before described six floors are distributed in, back annular screen drum flange inboard, welding forms the tube frame, raceway and back raceway are supported on the front and rear rolling wheel seat that is fixed on the support body before described, on preceding raceway, sprocket wheel is installed, described six arc screening plates are fixed on a frame floor inboard with sunk screw respectively, the floor outer rim be installed with mouse cage on the corresponding elasticity hobboing cutter of cutter installed, hobboing cutter cutting edge position is stretched in the screen drum, guarantees certain clearance with the cutter that is welded on the main shaft mouse cage.
Treatment system of the present invention also comprises the depositing dust deodorization apparatus, this depositing dust odor removal comprises receiver, connected force (forcing) pump, pipeline and a plurality of shower nozzle, described shower nozzle are distributed in the porch of dregs outfeed belt, organic waste outfeed belt, separator population, material distributing machine.
Be provided with baling press or/and rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine is set at flammable discharge end organic and inorganic matter outfeed belt device, container displacement car is set below sieve at discharge end that can rotten organic matter outfeed belt device.
Described container displacement car is arranged on the below that is lower than ground level, and this container displacement car comprises dynamical system and car body.Described dynamical system comprises motor, shaft coupling, reductor, belt drive unit, driving wheel mechanism, and described car body is to be made of car frame, reductor support, wheel mechanism support assembly welding.
Refuse classification processing method of the present invention, its step comprises:
(1) deodorization is handled, and rubbish is divided efficient, the harmless probiotics that sprays deodorizing on material distributing machine, suppress functions such as mosquitos and flies grows;
(2) send into and carry out the selective crushing sorting in the separator, rubbish is divided into can rotten organic waste, flammable organic and inorganic refuse;
(3) screening can rotten organic waste, and tiny dregs is screened from organic waste, is fed through the soot landfill disposal by pallet loading, and organic waste is carried out a biological disposal upon or concentrated compost;
(4) the flammable organic and concentrated recycling of inorganic refuse packing.
Method of the present invention has following advantage and good effect:
Refuse classification treatment system of the present invention and processing method thereof are applicable to urban community, public utility (station, airport etc.), shopping centre, industrial area life garbage original-source, in the rubbish source house refuse are classified.By system equipment composting automatically being divided into can rotten organic and flammable organic and inorganic two big class.And can rotten organic waste decrement or concentrated compost treatment on the spot, with flammable organic waste,, can carry out coking or granulation and recycle as compression packings such as waste plastics.Thereby finish automatic classification, the decrement of rubbish, deposit because of rubbish confuses for solving at present, transport, handle problems such as the environment that produces, resource provide technology may.Focus on the condition that provides prerequisite for classification compression transportation, the classification that realizes rubbish simultaneously.
Its advantage and good effect are as follows:
1, realize the source mechanized classification and the decrement of house refuse, with solve caused because of refuse classification work is not in place at present in the pollution that exists aspect the garbage disposal, waste land resource, the industrialization of environmental protection industry (epi), the problems such as reform of environmental sanitation system.
2, from the technical indicator analysis of system, this genealogical classification, decrement effect can reach the level of the similar industry of external advanced country.And the method that adopts is in conjunction with domestic reality, and is viable economically.
3, system is the actual design according to existing municipal refuse cleaning station, and most equipment can adopt domestic existing standard product supporting, and nucleus equipment is domestic also can process solution, thereby possesses application value.
4, realize that the surplus organic waste in kitchen produces at any time, handles at any time from the source, can avoid the breeding of mosquito and germ and grow, effectively realize the minimizing of house refuse.
5, can realize the center of gravity reach of urban garbage disposal, reduce cost of transportation, alleviate road traffic pressure, effectively avoid spilling of garbage leachate, improve urban environment and city look and feel.
6, reduce the generation that soot landfill land seizure and landfill ooze drop liquid, improve the waste incineration calorific value, reduce garbage loading embeading and burning disposal cost.
7, these facility have integrated design, automaticity height, treatment effeciency height, anticorrosion, environmentally-friendly sanitary, characteristic of low energy consumption.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a refuse classification treatment system total arrangement structure chart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the material distributing machine structural representation of treatment system shown in Figure 2;
Fig. 4 is the separator structure schematic diagram of treatment system shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 5 is the side view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the screen drum structural representation of separator shown in Figure 4;
Fig. 7 is the depositing dust odor removal schematic diagram of treatment system shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 8 is the container displacement bassinet structure schematic diagram of treatment system shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 9 is the vertical view of Fig. 8.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, treatment system of the present invention comprises storage material distributing machine 18, be arranged on the charging belt conveying device 6 of material distributing machine output, the separator 4, the separator that are positioned at feeding and conveying device output below have two outlets, one is 5, one of rotten organic matter outlets to be flammable organic and inorganic refuse outlet 1.Can rotten organic matter export 5 belows and be provided with rescreener 8, being provided with at the discharge end of rescreener 8 can rotten organic waste outfeed belt device 3, material is sent, handle or deliver to rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine 11 again, below the sieve of rescreener 8, be provided with the garbage container 9 that receives screenings, described flammable organic and inorganic refuse outlet 1 is arranged with flammable organic and inorganic matter outfeed belt device 2, this thing can be delivered to baling press 12, concentrates and recycles.
Described charging belt device 6 and store material distributing machine 18 and be respectively arranged with guard shield 16,17 stirs up a cloud of dust preventing.
Described storage material distributing machine 18 comprises belt conveyer 20, is positioned at the material distributing machine hopper 19 and the distributing device 21 of conveyer belt top.Described distributing device 21 is the spiketooth type conveyer.Rubbish is delivered to distributing device 21 at hopper 19 by belt, delivers to charging belt device 6 by distributing device again.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, described garbage sorting machine 4 comprises frame 7 and rack-mounted garbage sorting device.
Described garbage sorting device comprises the feed box 24 that is fixedly mounted on the frame, rack-mounted main shaft 28, is sleeved on and has screen drum 32, main drive 14 that differential in the same way rotates and the forward and backward protective cover 31,34 that is positioned at the screen drum periphery with main shaft on the main shaft.The axis of described screen drum 32 is directed downwards inclination 5-10 ° by feed box to discharging opening.
Described main shaft 28 comprises the two ends spindle nose that is installed in forward and backward bearing block 23,35, is connected with three leaf helical feed plate 39 and mouse cages 41 by forward and backward adpting flange 40 and 43 between two spindle noses.Described mouse cage 41 is fixed on the forward and backward mouse cage adpting flange 40,43 of ring-type by four pipe five equilibriums.For gaining in strength, between the forward and backward adpting flange 40,43 of mouse cage, reinforcing flange 42 is set.On four pipes, be respectively arranged with some cutters 30.When screen drum took place to stop up, main shaft slowed down, because the effect of inertia of screen drum produces speed difference between the two, the blade of cutter can tilt towards rotation direction, and the maximum inclination angle is 60 °.Spindle nose is equipped with belt pulley 22 before the main shaft, is driven by main drive 14.
Described screen drum 32 comprises six floors 45, the forward and backward annular screen drum flange 44,46 that is connected with six floor 45 two ends and is positioned at the preceding raceway 27 and the back raceway 33 in forward and backward annular screen drum flange 44,46 outsides.Annular screen drum flange 44,46 inboards formed the tube frame by welding before and after described six floors 45 were distributed in.Preceding raceway 27 and back raceway 33 are supported on the front and rear rolling wheel seat 36 that is fixed on the frame 7, on preceding raceway 27 hinge wheel 26 are installed, and are driven by auxilliary transmission device 15.Described six arc screening plates 47 are fixed on frame floor 45 inboard with sunk screw respectively.Sieve plate 47 can according to rubbish area, season component variation change the sieve plate in different apertures.Be installed with the elasticity hobboing cutter 29 corresponding with the cutter installed 30 on the mouse cage 41 in floor 45 outer rims, hobboing cutter cutting edge position can be stretched in the screen drum 32, guarantees certain clearance with the cutter 30 that is welded on the main shaft mouse cage 41.
Described frame 7 is the wedge shape framework, is welded by shaped steel.Frame is divided into upper and lower two-layer, upper and lower two-layer at length direction horizontal by certain angle.The frame upper strata is feed box 24, main shaft 28, screen drum 32 and protective cover 31,34 etc. fixedly.Lower floor and Equipment Foundations are affixed, and main drive 14 and auxilliary transmission device 15 are installed.
The course of work of described garbage sorting machine 4 is as follows: mix the shape house refuse and enter feed box 24 by spout 25, be delivered in the screen drum 32 by the front-end of spindle helical feed plate 39 that stretches into rotation in the feed box 24.Since screen drum 32 axis by feed box to the discharging opening direction have the angle of inclination and and main shaft 28 and screen drum 32 in the same way differential turn round, material is formed leave the shape reach, and cutter 30 by main shaft 28 rear end mouse cages 41 outer rims and the corresponding relative motion that is fixed in the elasticity hobboing cutter 29 in the screen drum 32, can carry out fragmentation by broken material.Can not be broken or do not need broken material along the reach of screen drum 32 inner edges bottom.Thus, can be broken in the rubbish can export 5 dischargings by rotten organic matter by screen drum 32 bottoms by rotten organic matter, flammable organic matter and inorganic matter export 1 discharging by the flammable organic and inorganic thing in screen drum 32 rear ends.
Described separator 4 possesses fragmentation, two functions of sorting simultaneously; Can be effectively anti-blocking, card, operate as normal continuously; The sieve plate in replaceable different apertures, applied widely; Adopt control able to programme, the automaticity height, easy to operate.Material of main part adopts stainless steel, long service life.
The job step of treatment system of the present invention is: the house refuse that the residential block is collected is poured into storage material distributing machine 18, requirement by treating capacity, store material distributing machine 18 and the propelling of rubbish low speed is uniformly distributed in charging belt 6 by material distributing machine belt 20, and continuously rubbish is delivered to garbage sorting machine 4 by it, garbage sorting machine is divided into two groups automatically with rubbish, one group is can rotten organic waste, can rotten organic matter outlet 5 deliver to rescreener 8 by separator, its granularity φ more than 15 can rotten organic waste (oversize), deliver to rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine 11 or take to concentrate compost by outfeed belt 3.Granularity concentrates on garbage container 9 at the screenings (dregs) of φ below 15, can deliver to the soot and make landfill disposal, another group is flammable organic and inorganic refuse, delivers to baling press 12 by flammable, the inorganic outlet 1 of separator by outfeed belt 2, can concentrate recycling.Wherein baling press 12 and rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine 11 can adopt existing baling press and rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine.
For cooperating finishing of above-mentioned work, system realizes effective material circulation, container displacement car 10 is set in battery limits bottoms, its device can with fill the following dregs of granularity Φ 15mm garbage container 9 displacement at any time, transport, and in time additional empty van to the place of working.
Referring to Fig. 7, refuse classification treatment system of the present invention also comprises depositing dust odor removal 13, and this depositing dust odor removal comprises receiver 93, connected force (forcing) pump 96, pipeline 97 and a plurality of shower nozzle 100.Described shower nozzle is distributed in inlet 98 places of dregs outfeed belt 2, organic waste outfeed belt 3, separator population 99, material distributing machine 18, handles rubbish is carried out repeatedly deodorization.
This device will be stored in biologic product 94 in the receiver 93 by force (forcing) pump 96 and pipeline 97, shower nozzle 100 with the vaporific system rubbish exposed region that evenly is sprayed on.
The biologic product that is adopted is to be specifically designed to efficient, the harmless probiotics of removing the municipal refuse stench, suppressing functions such as mosquitos and flies grows by what the green right biotechnology in Binzhou, Shandong development company developed.
Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, described container displacement car 10, be arranged on the below that is lower than ground level, its function be can be positioned over filled dregs in its car body garbage container 9 by melt pit 89 left ends, be separator 4, rescreener 8 vertical base, shift out along the guide rail 80 that is fixed in melt pit 89 both sides and to transport, be back to the place of working after replenishing empty garbage container 9 again, finish the material circulation of system.
This container displacement car 10 comprises dynamical system and car body.Described dynamical system comprises motor 87, shaft coupling 86, reductor 85, belt drive unit 84, drives wheel mechanism 81.Described car body is to be made of car frame 92, reductor support 91, wheel mechanism support 88 assembly weldings.
Its course of work is to transmit moment of torsion by the motor 87 that is fixed in reductor support 91, reductor 85 through belt gear 84, driving is fixed in the driving wheel mechanism 81 of wheel mechanism support 88 and is driven passive wheel mechanism 83, makes car body make horizontal rectilinear motion along guide rail 80.
Treatment system of the present invention realized deodorizing, depositing dust, press down effect such as fly, reaches the relevant ambient air quality of country.Secondly at the capital equipment body necessary denoising device can also be set, add shock absorber, protective cover employing sound absorption, sound insulating material, make the overall system noise reach factory circle of industrial enterprise noise criteria as support.
Refuse disposal system of the present invention integrates conveying, fragmentation, sorting function, can effectively mixed consumer waste be divided into automatically two big classes, gets final product rotten organic matter and flammable organic matter, inorganic matter.Can rotten organic matter can concentrate and carry out compost treatment and produce fertilizer, or by rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine 11 decrement treatment on the spot.Flammable organic matter can be collected packing and deliver to coking or the secondary utilization is carried out in granulation, making sheet etc.Other recyclable materials, as: metal, glass, paper etc., directly reclaim.From separating effect, existing its sorting index of rotary screen can improve 20-30%.And applied widely, high efficiency.
Waste disposal method of the present invention, its step comprises:
(1) deodorization is handled, and rubbish is divided efficient, the harmless probiotics that sprays deodorizing on material distributing machine, suppress functions such as mosquitos and flies grows;
(2) send into and carry out the selective crushing sorting in the separator, rubbish is divided into can rotten organic waste, flammable organic and inorganic refuse;
(3) screening can rotten organic waste, and tiny dregs is screened from organic waste, is fed through the soot landfill disposal by pallet loading, and organic waste is carried out a biological disposal upon or concentrated compost;
(4) the flammable organic and concentrated recycling of inorganic refuse packing.

Claims (10)

1, Comsumer Waste Sorting Treatment System, comprise and store material distributing machine (18), be arranged on the charging belt conveying device (6) of material distributing machine output, be positioned at the shaft screen separator (4) of feeding and conveying device output below, separator has two outlets, one is to export (5) by rotten organic matter, one is flammable organic and inorganic refuse outlet (1), can be provided with rescreener (8) in rotten organic matter outlet (5) below, the discharge end of described rescreener (8) is provided with can rotten organic waste outfeed belt device (3), the sieve of rescreener (8) below is provided with the garbage container (9) that receives screenings, and described flammable organic and inorganic matter outlet (1) is arranged with flammable organic and inorganic matter outfeed belt device (2).
2, treatment system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described charging belt device (6) and stores material distributing machine (18) being respectively arranged with guard shield (16,17).
3, treatment system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described garbage sorting machine (4) comprises frame (7), rack-mounted garbage sorting device, described frame (7) is the wedge shape framework, frame is divided into upper and lower two-layer, upper and lower two-layer at length direction horizontal by certain angle, lower floor and Equipment Foundations are affixed.
4, treatment system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described garbage sorting device comprises the feed box (24) that is fixedly mounted on the frame, rack-mounted main shaft (28), be sleeved on and have screen drum (32), main drive (14) that differential in the same way rotates and the forward and backward protective cover (31,34) that is positioned at the screen drum periphery with main shaft on the main shaft, the axis of described screen drum (32) is directed downwards 5 °-10 ° of inclinations from the feed box to the discharging opening.
5, treatment system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described main shaft (28) comprises the two ends spindle nose that is installed in forward and backward bearing block (23,35), between two spindle noses, be connected with three leaf helical feed plates (39) and mouse cage (41) by adpting flange (40,43), described mouse cage (41) is fixed in ring-type front and back mouse cage adpting flange (40,43) by four pipe five equilibriums, be respectively arranged with some cutters (30) on four pipes, spindle nose is equipped with belt pulley (22) before the main shaft.
6, treatment system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that described screen drum (32) comprises six floors (45), before being connected with six floor two ends, back annular screen drum flange (44,46) and before being positioned at, back annular screen drum flange (44,46) Wai Ce preceding raceway (27) and back raceway (33), before described six floors (45) are distributed in, back annular screen drum flange (44,46) inboard, welding forms the tube frame, raceway (27) and back raceway (33) are supported on the front and rear rolling wheel seat (36) that is fixed on the support body (7) before described, sprocket wheel (26) is installed on preceding raceway (27), described six arc screening plates (47) are fixed on frame floor (a 45) inboard with sunk screw respectively, be installed with the corresponding elasticity hobboing cutter (29) of cutter (30) of going up installation with mouse cage (41) in floor (45) outer rim, hobboing cutter cutting edge position is stretched in the screen drum (32), guarantees certain clearance with the cutter (30) that is welded on the main shaft mouse cage (41).
7, according to any described treatment system among the claim 1-6, it is characterized in that also comprising depositing dust deodorization apparatus (13), this depositing dust odor removal comprises receiver (93), connected force (forcing) pump (96), pipeline (97) and a plurality of shower nozzle (100), described shower nozzle are distributed in the inlet (98) of dregs outfeed belt (2), organic waste outfeed belt (3), separator population (99), material distributing machine (18) and locate.
8, treatment system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that being provided with baling press (12) or/and rubbish from cooking biological treatment machine (11) is set, container displacement car (10) is set below sieve at discharge end that can rotten organic matter outfeed belt device (3) at flammable discharge end organic and inorganic matter outfeed belt device (2).
9, treatment system according to claim 8, it is characterized in that described container displacement car (10), be arranged on the below that is lower than ground level, this container displacement car (10) comprises dynamical system and car body, described dynamical system comprises motor (87), shaft coupling (86), reductor (85), belt drive unit (84), drives wheel mechanism (81), and described car body is to be made of car frame (92), reductor support (91), wheel mechanism support (88) assembly welding.
10, a kind of refuse classification processing method, its step comprises:
(1) deodorization is handled, and rubbish is divided efficient, the harmless probiotics that sprays deodorizing on material distributing machine, suppress functions such as mosquitos and flies grows;
(2) send into and carry out the selective crushing sorting in the separator, rubbish is divided into can rotten organic waste, flammable organic and inorganic refuse;
(3) screening can rotten organic waste, and tiny dregs is screened from organic waste, is fed through the soot landfill disposal by pallet loading, and organic waste is carried out a biological disposal upon or concentrated compost;
(4) the flammable organic and concentrated recycling of inorganic refuse packing.
CNB2004100094147A 2004-08-06 2004-08-06 Domestic refuse sorting and treating system and treating process thereof Expired - Fee Related CN1301807C (en)

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Assignee: Beijing hissen Hengye environmental technology limited liability company

Assignor: Beijing Kitchen Equipment Group Co., Ltd.

Contract fulfillment period: 2008.9.20 to 2014.9.19 contract change

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Denomination of invention: Domestic refuse sorting and treating system and treating process thereof

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Address after: 102308 Beijing kitchen equipment group company, room 7, 202 Yongan Road, Shilong Industrial District, Beijing, Mentougou

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Address before: 100035, Beijing kitchen equipment group company, 132 Xizhimen inner Avenue, Beijing, Xicheng District

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