CN105127177B - Method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water and domestic garbage washing machine - Google Patents

Method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water and domestic garbage washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105127177B
CN105127177B CN201510545191.4A CN201510545191A CN105127177B CN 105127177 B CN105127177 B CN 105127177B CN 201510545191 A CN201510545191 A CN 201510545191A CN 105127177 B CN105127177 B CN 105127177B
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China
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washing
sludge
rubbish
washing machine
house refuse
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CN201510545191.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105127177A (en
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柳建国
柳思佳
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柳建国
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and a device for recycling domestic garbage. A method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water comprises the following steps: using a domestic garbage washing machine, using a mechanical stirring method by virtue of adoption of the principle of the washing machine, washing rot organic matters, waste paper, dust and coal slag in the domestic garbage, precipitating by virtue of a garbage precipitation tank, separating scraps of paper and plant waste which float on the surface of the garbage washing sewage of the precipitation tank, and recycling the dust and the coal slag precipitated at the bottom of the precipitation tank and the sludge in the washing sewage; sorting plastics and metals in the washed garbage, and recycling the plastics and the metals. A domestic garbage washing machine comprises a washing cylinder, wherein the washing cylinder comprises an outer cylinder and an inner cylinder; a spiral stirring device is arranged in the inner cylinder; the inner cylinder wall is connected with the outer cylinder; a screen hole is formed in the inner cylinder wall; a washing sewage outlet is formed in the bottom of the outer cylinder. According to the method and the device for recycling domestic garbage, the whole process of washing, separating and recycling the domestic garbage is free of pollution to the air, the underground water source and the surrounding environment; the garbage is treated and changed into the processed garbage, so that the domestic garbage creates great economical benefits and social wealth.

Description

House refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method and house refuse washing machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of domestic garbage resource processing method, sorts back more particularly, to a kind of washing of house refuse Receive Application way, and the house refuse washing machine for realizing the method.

Background technology

Domestic waste refers to town dweller's integrated solid garbage in daily life, contains in these garbages Or harmful substance can be produced, air, soil, water source can be polluted in collection, transport and disposal process, while affecting Urban environmental hygiene, threatens that people's is healthy.Nowadays domestic waste pollution has become a big public hazards of society, into For the environmental problem that countries in the world project.House refuse is constituted substantially can be divided into:Can rotten Organic substance, including food waste, plant waste Thing etc.;Recyclable(Combustible organic), including plastics, waste paper etc.;Inorganic matters, including dirt, cinder etc..National urban Investigation shows:Food waste is the maximum material of content in house refuse, accounts for 40%~80%, mainly there is melon and fruit peel, rotten melon and fruit, dish Leaf (root), meat and grain class etc.;Recyclable content maximum is plastics, and average content is 8%~9%, next to that stationery, puts down Content is 5~6%;Inorganic matters account for 1~30%.What Environmental Protection Department was issued《National big or middle MSW pollution in 2014 Environment prevents and treats annual report》Show:It is 1.6 hundred million tons that the big or middle domestic waste in 261, the whole nation produces total amount, and house refuse increases every year Long rate reaches more than 10%, and national old rubbish volume of cargo in storage is up to more than 70 hundred million tons, and east developed regions garbage loading embeading land used is day by day tight , the situation of " garbage-surrounded city " is more and more severeer.Domestic rubbish disposal mode had three kinds, according to National urban house refuse in 2012 Disposal situation is counted, and landfill disposal accounts for 82.7%, and burning disposal accounts for 15%, and compost treatment accounts for 2.3%.Landfill disposal:The rubbish of landfill Substantial amounts of antibacterial, virus are remained, the hidden danger such as the biogas that lies dormant, heavy metal pollution, its garbage leaching liquid can also ground contamination for a long time Groundwater resources, a large amount of land occupation resources are that polluter is retained to the dangerous way of descendants.Burning disposal:Through Upper century-old practice, waste incineration fails to be received by the numerous common people always, and its disadvantage shows that contact scar of hiding is heavier, cost is held high Expensive, complex operation and waste of resource etc., it is still immature so far although its pollution prevention technique is being increasingly modified, can't Jing Checked by firmly theory and practice.Compost treatment:Compost high cost, refuse classification has high demands, long processing period, and treating capacity has Limit, the stink pollution environment produced in processing procedure, fertilizer quality difference is only used for afforestation or improvement soil.

The content of the invention

Deficiency of the present invention for current Prediction for Solid Waste Treatment Technology, it is proposed that profit is reclaimed in a kind of house refuse washing sorting With method and realize a kind of special equipment --- the house refuse washing machine of the method.

The technical solution adopted in the present invention:

A kind of house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, including rubbish washing assorting room and washing refuse classification mistake Journey, the rubbish washing assorting room adopts house refuse washing machine, and using washing machine principle churned mechanically method is taken, will In house refuse can rotten Organic substance and waste paper and dirt, cinder etc. be washed out, through rubbish sedimentation tank precipitation, sub-elect Swim in paper scrap, the plant refuse on sedimentation tank rubbish wash water surface etc. and be deposited in the dirt of sedimentation tank bottom, cinder Deng and wash water in sludge(Organic matter)Recycle, the washing rubbish after house refuse washing is sorted again.

First the house refuse after broken bag is soaked in washings, is then picked up and is poured in rubbish washing machine, add washing Water washing 2~4 times, in house refuse can rotten Organic substance, waste paper etc. be easily broken thing and dirt, cinder etc. with wash water one Rise and flowed out from rubbish washing machine, enter rubbish sedimentation tank.

The washing refuse classification process, is will to rest on the washing rubbish in rubbish washing machine through washing to wash from rubbish Wash in machine and discharge, the landfills such as the recycling such as plastics, metal, remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet are sub-elected after dehydration.

Described house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, also including paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, ash Soil and cinder dehydration, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wherein:

Paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, are will to swim in paper scrap, the plant on rubbish sedimentation tank wash water surface Garbage etc. is pulled out, using recycling after dehydration device dehydration;

Dirt and cinder dehydration, are to pull out dirt, the cinder etc. that are deposited in rubbish sedimentation tank bottom, natural-dehydration After recycle or fill out hole and pave the way, be used as refuse landfill overburden soil;

Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, the sludge in wash water(Organic matter), it is aqueous through precipitation, dehydration, mummification Rate 35~40% does fertilizer sale, or transports other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transports power plant and freely burn and replace For part coal.

A kind of house refuse washing machine for realizing the house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, including frame, wash Cylinder is washed, the cylindric washer is arranged in frame by the bearing at its two ends, and the washing machine cylindric washer includes outer tube and inner core, institute State and spiral agitator is provided with washing machine inner core, the spiral agitator is fixedly installed on axis, and by described Axle connects revolving power mechanism, and the washing machine inner tube wall connection outer tube is provided with sieve aperture, and outer tube bottom is provided with wash water outlet.

The rotation central axis bearings at both ends of described house refuse washing machine, cylindric washer bearings at both ends and spiral agitator is adopted Duplex bearing intussusception, cylindric washer two ends hollow axle is used to be fixed on frame upper end both sides, inner core auger by bearing and bearing block The bearings at both ends of device axis is nested to be arranged in the hollow axle of cylindric washer two ends.

Described house refuse washing machine, washing machine outer tube is wrapped in inner core lower periphery, and parcel height accounts for inner core height 65~70%, the gap between two is 50~55mm, and washing machine outer tube bottom wash outlet of sewer is provided with motor switch;Wash Wash machine inner core its top feed mouth and be provided with rubbish washing water inlet and gap.

Described house refuse washing machine, it is dirty for washing that the washed machine outer tube wrapping portion in washing machine inner core bottom is arranged Water and the sieve diameter for washing out rubbish discharge are 40~45mm.

Described house refuse washing machine, spiral agitator is provided with 2~4 auger bands, the auger band 80~120mm of width, 10~15mm of thickness, spiral number of turns 2~5 enclose, auger welding on support, during support is fixed on On axle, auger band is away from washing machine 100~150mm of inner tube wall.

Described house refuse washing machine, washing machine outer tube bottom side radial location is provided with the cylindric washer upset of washing machine Device, the cylindric washer turning device can make cylindric washer charging aperture overturn 45 degree by Motor Control, after making house refuse washing The washing rubbish rested in washing machine can be automatically drained out outside machine.

Beneficial effects of the present invention:

1st, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, process house refuse speed is fast, yield is big, and the same day enters Factory's rubbish same day is disposed.In house refuse washing sorting and recycling overall process to air, underground water source, surrounding enviroment Without any pollution, rubbish washing water circulation use, the rubbish after overflowing and washing that is destitute of smell is processed in rubbish water will not be produced Raw stink.

2nd, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, fully achieves domestic garbage resource process, rubbish Rubbish screening accuracy reaches 95%, and resource utilization rate reaches 65~80%(According to rubbish proportion of composing, can utilize after refuse classification Article all of), each doing his best to make various rubbish.

3rd, house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, technique, equipment are simple, easily realize, construction investment It is relatively low, it is that consumer waste incineration processes the 40~45% of construction investment;Normal handling low cost, is that consumer waste incineration is daily The 25~30% of processing cost.

4th, house refuse of the present invention washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, becomes process rubbish to process rubbish, allows life rubbish Rubbish creates huge economic benefit and the wealth of society, makes harmful house refuse become inexhaustible its not complete production-goods again Source.Garbage reclamation items sold income is abundant, and the income from sales of only recycled plastic one is just far longer than garbage disposal expense Expenditure.

5th, house refuse washing machine of the present invention, novel in design, simple structure is scientific and reasonable, with good refuse classification Effect and the higher efficiency of separation.

6th, house refuse washing machine of the present invention, safe efficient, easy, reliable using computer monitor remote manipulation a, machine Multimachine function is completed, is the best equipment of sorting consumer waste.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of house refuse washing machine of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the cross section structure diagram of house refuse washing machine of the present invention.

Specific embodiment

Below by specific embodiment, technical scheme is described in further detail.

Embodiment 1

House refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present invention, it realizes that process includes house refuse washing process, paper Bits and plant refuse dewatering process, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wind-force and artificial separation technique, recycled plastic processing work Skill:

1)The house refuse washing process, is first immersed in Domestic garbage bag-breaking in circulation washings, then is grabbed with hanging Rubbish is picked up to pour in rubbish washing machine and adds circulation washings, rubbish to wash for 2~4 times through washing machine simultaneously by bucket from fermentation vat Wash in rubbish can rotten Organic substance, waste paper etc. be easily broken thing and dirt, cinder etc. and be all washed out, together with wash water Washing machine outer tube is exited into from washing machine inner core sieve aperture, rubbish is discharged into from washing machine outer tube outlet of sewer after collecting and is sunk Shallow lake pond;

2)The paper scrap and plant refuse dewatering process, by swim in rubbish sedimentation tank wash water surface paper scrap, Plant refuse etc. is pulled out, is dehydrated using spiral squeezing dewaterer, and moisture content 45~50% does fertilizer sale, or fortune after dehydration Give other fertilizer plants freely to do fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant and freely burn replacement part coal;

3)The Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, the sludge in wash water(Organic matter), through precipitation, dehydration, do Change moisture content 35~40% and do fertilizer sale, or transport other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or to transport power plant free Burn and substitute part coal;

4)The wind-force and artificial separation technique, rest in rubbish washing machine after house refuse washing and are more than 40~45mm Washing rubbish be automatically drained out from washing machine, pneumatic separating, artificial separation after natural-dehydration, sub-elect plastics, metal etc. pin Sell, the landfill such as remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet;

5)The recycled plastic processing technique, recycled plastic according to client and market demands classified, pack, cleaned, broken Broken, pelletize etc., also can deep processing make refuse receptacle, Turnover Box and other plastics.

Embodiment 2

The present embodiment house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, realize process include rubbish washing assorting room and Washing refuse classification process, the rubbish washing assorting room adopts house refuse washing machine, and using washing machine principle machine is taken The method of tool stirring, by house refuse can rotten Organic substance and waste paper and dirt, cinder etc. be washed out, it is heavy through rubbish Shallow lake pond is precipitated, and sub-elects paper scrap, plant refuse for swimming in sedimentation tank rubbish wash water surface etc. and is deposited in sedimentation tank Sludge in dirt, cinder of bottom etc. and wash water(Organic matter)Recycle, the washing rubbish after house refuse washing Rubbish is sorted again.

Embodiment 3

The house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present embodiment, as different from Example 2:The washing rubbish Assorting room, is will to rest on the washing rubbish in rubbish washing machine through washing to discharge from rubbish washing machine, is divided after dehydration Select the landfills such as the recycling such as plastics, metal, remaining rubble, wooden slag, cullet.

Embodiment 4

The house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method of the present embodiment, itself and embodiment 2 or the difference of embodiment 3 It is:Also include paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, dirt and cinder dehydration, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, Wherein:

Paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, are will to swim in paper scrap, the plant on rubbish sedimentation tank wash water surface Garbage etc. is pulled out, using recycling after dehydration device dehydration;

Dirt and cinder dehydration, are to pull out dirt, the cinder etc. that are deposited in rubbish sedimentation tank bottom, natural-dehydration After recycle or fill out hole and pave the way, be used as refuse landfill overburden soil;

Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, the sludge in wash water(Organic matter), it is aqueous through precipitation, dehydration, mummification Rate 35~40% does fertilizer sale, or transports other fertilizer plants and freely do fertilizer raw material, or transports power plant and freely burn and replace For part coal.

House refuse washing sorting of the present invention and the method for recycling, house refuse washing process is as follows:

Enter factory's cram packer and wash workshop into rubbish, pour house refuse into rubbish fermentation vat, while adding circulation Washings and the deodorization of opening spray dust, being completely sunk in the water through bag-breaking machine broken bag rubbish makes stink be difficult to distribute;With boat Hang to grab bucket to pick up rubbish from fermentation vat to pour in rubbish washing machine and add circulation washings simultaneously, rubbish is through washing machine washing Wash, stir after open outlet of sewer switch, in rubbish can rotten Organic substance, waste paper etc. be easily broken thing and dirt, cinder etc., with Wash water exits into washing machine outer tube from washing machine inner core sieve aperture together, arranges from washing machine outer tube outlet of sewer after collecting Go out into rubbish sedimentation tank;House refuse in the washing rubbish of washing machine 2~4 times can rotten Organic substance, waste paper etc. all wash Wash clean.Swim in paper scrap, the plant refuse on rubbish sedimentation tank wash water surface etc. to pull out, with loader dehydration is transported to Workshop is dehydrated.It is deposited in inorganic matters dirt, cinder of sedimentation tank bottom etc. to pull out, with loader warehouse natural-dehydration is transported to, The transport vehicle of moisture content 30~40% after dehydration is transported and pad outside factory hole and pave the way or be used as refuse landfill overburden soil.Rubbish washing is dirty Water is extracted out in combing net from rubbish sedimentation tank termination, into tower sedimentation tank precipitation.Rubbish washing is rested on after house refuse washing Washing rubbish in machine more than 40~45mm is automatically drained out from washing machine, and with loader the sorting of sorting workshop is transported to.

Paper scrap and plant refuse dewatering process are as follows:Paper scrap and plant refuse are transported to from washing workshop with loader Evaporation plant, is poured into paper scrap and plant refuse in spiral squeezing dewaterer hopper with small sized loader.Spiral squeezing is dehydrated 30~40 revs/min of machine rotating speed, motor gear box device drives screw rod to rotate, and the helical blade on screw rod drives paper scrap and plant useless Gurry is pushed ahead, and paper scrap and plant refuse is extruded by intensity in barrel is filtered, and moisture is from the silk seam for filtering barrel Middle extrusion, the moisture of extrusion is collected by sewage collecting cylinder, is flowed into sewer from outlet of sewer and is back to washing workshop rubbish immersion In pond.Screw feed one end is less and less to the capacity between discharging one end pitch, filters paper scrap and plant waste in barrel The moisture that thing is extruded is also more and more, finally extrudes from head discharging opening.Discharging adjusting means on head adjusts discharging Moisture content 45-50% after moisture content, paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration, is transported to fertilizer plant and does fertilizer sale, or is transported to it His fertilizer plant freely does fertilizer raw material, or transport power plant freely burns replacement part coal.

Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process is as follows:Rubbish wash water is taken out in combing net from washing workshop rubbish sedimentation tank termination Go out, into tower sedimentation tank precipitation, treatment agent import and blender are provided with sewage running piping, quantitatively added with dosing pump Enter a certain proportion of PAFC sewage treatment drug, blender makes sewage be sufficiently mixed with medicament, and sewage is from circular tower Formula sedimentation tank top center is entered, the sludge rapid precipitation in sewage under treatment agent effect, and the clear water after precipitation is from circle Tower sedimentation tank circumferential edge flows out along tooth type gap, and into sewer pipe stream clear water storage pool is entered.In tower sedimentation tank Sludge settling stops pumping into sewage when highly accounting for the 80~90% of precipitation tank depth, and sewage is pumped into into another tower sedimentation tank; Tower sedimentation tank is provided with three, and one pumps into settlement of sewage sludge, and one stops pumping into sewage continuation precipitating sludge, and one the bottom of from Extract sludge dewatering out in portion.Sludge after precipitation is extracted out from tower sedimentation tank bottom, and moisture content 98~99% pumps into sludge dewatering extrusion Machine is dehydrated.

Sludge after precipitation is provided with treatment agent from tower sedimentation tank bottom screw rod pumped on sludge carrier pipe road Import and blender, with dosing pump a certain proportion of polyacrylamide Treatment of Sludge medicament is quantitatively adding, and blender makes dilute sludge It is sufficiently mixed with medicament, enters from sludge dewatering extrusion machine inlet and filter in barrel.Screw pump and drug metering pump equipped with Variable speed electric motors, particularly can adjust inlet amount, make dilute sludge reach best fit state with treatment agent.Sludge dewatering extruder rotating speed 10~40 revs/min, motor gear box device drives screw rod to rotate, and the helical blade on screw rod drives sludge to push ahead, and makes dirt Mud is extruded in barrel is filtered by intensity, and moisture is extruded from the silk seam for filtering barrel, and the moisture of extrusion is by sewage collecting cylinder Collect, flow into sewer from outlet of sewer and be back in draining room rubbish fermentation vat.Screw feed one end is to discharging one end spiral shell Capacity between is less and less, and the moisture that the sludge in filtration barrel is extruded is also more and more, finally from head discharging opening Extrusion;Discharging adjusting means on head adjusts the moisture content of discharging sludge, moisture content 70-75% after sludge dewatering.Dewatered sludge Fall in the shaftless sludge conveyer hopper of spiral from dewatering extruder head extrusion, dewatered sludge is transported to sludge and is stirred by conveyer In mixing machine.

Sludge conveyer after dehydration is transported in sludge stirring machine, and with loader a certain proportion of backflow mummification is added Sludge absorption disperses dewatered sludge moisture, and moisture percentage in sewage sludge 48~52% is put into storage basin after stirring.Will with small sized loader Sludge after stirring is poured in sludge drying extruder feed hopper, and sludge is entered in barrel from charging aperture, and screw rod becomes in motor Fast device drives lower quick rotation, the spiral propeller on screw rod to make sludge have a plurality of transfer passage in barrel, enter two and move back one not Arrhea dynamic, the shaftless sludge conveyer operation principle of similar spiral, sludge is extruded in any moisture content state.Sludge drying 90~100 revs/min of extruder rotating speed, spiral propeller is good frictional heat device, and screw rod rotates at a high speed sludge friction Heat and the heating of additional electromagnetic induction heater make sludge be warmed up to 80~100 degree.Lamellar high temperature sludge is from mummification chain-drive section Discharging opening is extruded, and falls into ribbon conveyer conveying while stacking cooling, moisture content 35~40% after sludge cooling.By treating capacity Half is transported to fertilizer plant and does fertilizer sale, or is transported to other fertilizer plants and freely does fertilizer raw material, or transports power plant Free burning substitutes part coal.Second half for the treatment of capacity is transported to the glass lighting greenhouse sludge material distributing machine of closing with loader In hopper, material distributing machine uniformly paves sludge 10~20mm thickness, becomes back through dry in the sun and storage moisture percentage in sewage sludge 20~30% Stream dewatered sludge.Backflow dewatered sludge is used as being added in dewatered sludge and reduces moisture content and viscosity and be easy to drying and other treatment, summer Some dewatered sludges can be stored in case winter or successive cloudy days are used more.The glass lighting greenhouse of closing be sludge airing field more It is dewatered sludge warehouse, the dewatered sludge of 1.5~1.8 meters of height of the gross area, the backflow of standby 30~40 days can be stored Usage amount.

Wind-force and artificial separation technique are as follows:Washing rubbish after house refuse washing more than 40~45mm is from washing workshop Sorting workshop is transported to loader, is first stacked and is flowed out washings, then poured in pneumatic separator hopper with small sized loader, wind Rubbish is transported to 4~4.5m height freely falling bodies and falls down ground by the conveyer of power separator feed hopper bottom, under conveyer top Side is provided with 2~3 can be with the high-power fan of adjustment angle, and the waste plastics bag and plastics blown away when rubbish drops in rubbish is thin Film, residual refuse small sized loader is poured in artificial separation machine hopper.The conveyer of artificial separation machine feed hopper bottom is by rubbish Horizontal feed, conveyer both sides is provided with 2~3 sorting employees and the plastic bottle in rubbish, plastic shoes, metal etc. can be reclaimed into sale Article pick out, will be singled out come reclaim taxonomy of goods be put in the baby conveyor of one side, baby conveyor difference Article will be reclaimed to be transported in stacking pond on one side.The rubbish transport vehicle that artificial separation is finished is transported to refuse landfill landfill; Waste plastics bag, plastic bottle, plastic shoes, metal for sub-electing etc. reclaim article small sized loader and transport plastic processing car respectively Between.

Plastic processing is as follows:Waste plastics bag, plastic bottle, plastic shoes, metal etc. reclaim article and are transported to plastic processing Sell after saving bit by bit other recovery articles stacking one sides such as workshop, metal.Recycled plastic is classified:The waste plastics bag of recovery, plastics Sell after thin film packing or pelletize;Carafe polyester plasticses (PET) package sale, or de- mark, uncapping, broken, cleaning, drying, Drying, pack sale;Other plastic bottles typically belong to vinyon(PE), shape size differs, through crushing, cleaning, get rid of Dry, drying, pack sale, vinyon(PE)Also can deep processing make refuse receptacle, Turnover Box and other plastics;It is cool Footwear, igelite (PVC), polyethylene foamed plastics(PE), package sale respectively, or crush respectively, clean, dry, dry Dry, pack sale;Sport shoess and leather shoe sole, thermoplastic elastomer(TPR), thermoplastic polyurethane rubber(PU)Packing respectively is sold Sell, or take upper of a shoe off and sole crushed, is cleaned, being dried, being dried, being packed and sell.According to client and market demands by recycled plastic Package sale respectively, or broken, cleaning, drying, drying, pack sale.

Embodiment 5

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the present embodiment is the life for realizing house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method as previously mentioned Rubbish washing machine, including frame 6, cylindric washer 1, the cylindric washer 1 is arranged in frame 6 by the bearing 5 at its two ends, cylindric washer Including outer tube 7 and inner core 8, spiral agitator 3 is provided with the washing machine inner core 8, the spiral agitator 3 is fixedly installed On axis 4, and revolving power mechanism is connected by axis 4, the washing machine inner tube wall connection outer tube is provided with sieve aperture 9, outer tube Bottom is provided with wash water outlet 10.

Embodiment 6

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse washing machine of the present embodiment, it is with the difference of embodiment 5:Cylindric washer two ends The bearing at the two ends of rotation central axis 4 of bearing 5 and spiral agitator 3 covers stack structure, the two ends hollow axle of cylindric washer 1 using duplex bearing The upper end both sides of frame 6 are fixed on by bearing and bearing block, the bearings at both ends nesting of inner core spiral agitator axis is arranged on In the hollow axle of cylindric washer two ends.

Embodiment 7

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse washing machine of the present embodiment, it is with the difference of embodiment 5 or embodiment 6:Wash Wash machine outer tube 7 and be wrapped in the lower periphery of inner core 8, parcel height accounts for the 65~70% of the height of inner core 8, and the gap between two is 50 ~55mm, the bottom wash outlet of sewer 10 of washing machine outer tube 7 is provided with motor switch 11;Its top feed mouth of washing machine inner core 8 is provided with Rubbish washs water inlet 2 and gap 15.

Embodiment 8

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse washing machine of the present embodiment, it is with the difference of embodiment 5 or embodiment 6:Spiral shell Rotation agitating device 3 is provided with 2~4 auger bands, 80~120mm of the auger bandwidth, 10~15mm of thickness, spiral The number of turns 2~5 is enclosed, and on support, support is fixed on axis auger welding, and auger band is away from washing machine inner tube wall 100~150mm;Confession wash water and wash out rubbish discharge that the washed wrapping portion of machine outer tube 7 in the bottom of washing machine inner core 8 is arranged The a diameter of 40~45mm of sieve aperture 9.

Embodiment 9

Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the house refuse washing machine of the present embodiment, it is with the difference of foregoing embodiments:Washing machine The bottom side radial location of outer tube 7 is provided with the cylindric washer turning device 12 of washing machine, and the cylindric washer turning device is using electronic Control mode, can make cylindric washer charging aperture overturn 45 degree, make the washing garbage energy rested in washing machine after house refuse washing Enough it is automatically drained out outside washing machine.Label 13 is motor in figure, and 14 is variable-speed motor.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method, its realize process include house refuse washing process, paper scrap and Plant refuse dewatering process, Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, wind-force and artificial separation technique, recycled plastic processing technique:
1)The house refuse washing process, is first immersed in Domestic garbage bag-breaking in circulation washings, then will with hanging grab bucket Rubbish is picked up from fermentation vat to be poured in rubbish washing machine, while adding circulation washing water washing 2~4 times, is washed through washing machine, In rubbish can rotten Organic substance, thing waste paper is easily broken and dirt, cinder are all washed out, from washing together with wash water Washing machine outer tube is exited in machine inner core sieve aperture, rubbish sedimentation tank is discharged into from washing machine outer tube outlet of sewer after collecting; Swim in the paper scrap on rubbish sedimentation tank wash water surface, plant refuse to pull out, with loader evaporation plant dehydration is transported to; It is deposited in the inorganic matters dirt of sedimentation tank bottom, cinder to pull out, is transported to warehouse natural-dehydration with loader, moisture content after dehydration 30~40% are transported with transport vehicle and pad outside factory hole and pave the way or be used as refuse landfill overburden soil;Rubbish is rested on after house refuse washing Washing rubbish in rubbish washing machine more than 40~45mm is automatically drained out from washing machine, and with loader sorting workshop point is transported to Choosing;
2)The paper scrap and plant refuse dewatering process, the paper scrap pulled out, plant refuse are de- using spiral squeezing dewaterer Water, paper scrap and plant refuse dehydration after moisture content 45-50%, be transported to fertilizer plant do fertilizer sale, or transport power plant it is free Burn and substitute part coal;The moisture of extrusion is collected by sewage collecting cylinder, is flowed into sewer from outlet of sewer and is back to water car-washing Between in rubbish fermentation vat;
3)The Dewatering of Washing Sludge drying process, rubbish wash water is taken out in combing net from washing workshop rubbish sedimentation tank termination Go out, into tower sedimentation tank precipitation, the sludge rapid precipitation in sewage under treatment agent effect, the clear water after precipitation is from circle Tower sedimentation tank circumferential edge flows out along tooth type gap, and into sewer pipe stream clear water storage pool is entered;In tower sedimentation tank Sludge settling stops pumping into sewage when highly accounting for the 80~90% of precipitation tank depth, and sewage is pumped into into another tower sedimentation tank; Sludge after precipitation is extracted out from tower sedimentation tank bottom, is sufficiently mixed with medicament, is entered from sludge dewatering extrusion machine inlet In filter barrel, the moisture content of discharging sludge, moisture content 70-75% after sludge dewatering are adjusted;The moisture of extrusion is received by sewage collecting cylinder Collection, flows into sewer and is back in draining room rubbish fermentation vat from outlet of sewer;Sludge after dehydration is transported to conveyer In sludge stirring machine, with a certain proportion of backflow dewatered sludge absorption dispersion dewatered sludge moisture of loader addition, stir Afterwards moisture percentage in sewage sludge 48~52% is put into storage basin, pours the sludge after stirring into sludge drying extruder with small sized loader and enters In hopper, lamellar high temperature sludge is extruded from mummification chain-drive section discharging opening, falls into ribbon conveyer conveying while stacking cooling, sludge Moisture content 35~40% after cooling;The half for the treatment of capacity is transported to into fertilizer plant and does fertilizer sale, or transport power plant and freely burned Part coal is substituted, second half for the treatment of capacity becomes backflow dewatered sludge through dry in the sun and storage moisture percentage in sewage sludge 20~30%;
4)The wind-force and artificial separation technique, rest on washing more than 40~45mm in rubbish washing machine after house refuse washing Wash rubbish to be automatically drained out from washing machine, pneumatic separating, artificial separation after natural-dehydration, sub-elect plastics, metal sale, it is remaining Rubble, wooden slag, cullet landfill;
5)The recycled plastic processing technique, recycled plastic according to client and market demands classified, pack, clean, crushed, made Refuse receptacle, Turnover Box and other plastics are made in grain, deep processing.
2. house refuse washing according to claim 1 sorts recoverying and utilizing method, it is characterised in that:Dewatering of Washing Sludge In drying process, tower sedimentation tank is provided with three, and one pumps into settlement of sewage sludge, and one stops pumping into sewage continuation precipitation dirt Mud, one is extracted out sludge dewatering from bottom.
3. a kind of house refuse washing machine of the house refuse washing sorting recoverying and utilizing method realized described in claim 1, wraps Including rack, cylindric washer, the cylindric washer is arranged in frame by the bearing at its two ends, it is characterised in that:The washing machine washing Cylinder is washed including outer tube and inner core, spiral agitator is provided with the washing machine inner core, the spiral agitator is fixedly installed On axis, and revolving power mechanism is connected by the axis, the washing machine inner tube wall connection outer tube is provided with sieve aperture, outer tube Bottom is provided with wash water outlet;Spiral agitator is provided with 2~4 auger bands, and the auger bandwidth 80~ 120mm, 10~15mm of thickness, spiral number of turns 2~5 are enclosed, and on support, support is fixed on axis auger welding, spiral shell Rotation stirring band is away from washing machine 100~150mm of inner tube wall;Washing machine outer tube is wrapped in inner core lower periphery, and parcel height accounts for inner core The 65~70% of height, the gap between two is 50~55mm, and the washed machine outer tube wrapping portion in washing machine inner core bottom is arranged Confession wash water and to wash out the sieve diameter that rubbish discharges be 40~45mm, washing machine outer tube bottom wash outlet of sewer is provided with Motor switch;Washing machine inner core its top feed mouth is provided with rubbish washing water inlet and gap.
4. house refuse washing machine according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Cylindric washer bearings at both ends and auger are filled The rotation central axis bearings at both ends put adopts duplex bearing intussusception, cylindric washer two ends hollow axle to be fixed on frame by bearing and bearing block Upper end both sides, the bearings at both ends of inner core spiral agitator axis is nested to be arranged in the hollow axle of cylindric washer two ends.
5. the house refuse washing machine according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:Washing machine outer tube bottom side radius Position is provided with the cylindric washer turning device of washing machine, and the cylindric washer turning device feeds can cylindric washer by Motor Control 45 degree of mouth upset, enables the washing rubbish rested in washing machine after house refuse washing to be automatically drained out outside machine.
CN201510545191.4A 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Method for washing, separating and recycling domestic garbage water and domestic garbage washing machine CN105127177B (en)

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CN105772494A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-07-20 柳建国 Household garbage commercialization treatment method and complete equipment
CN106862245B (en) * 2017-03-27 2018-12-21 江苏实信智能科技有限公司 A kind of compact-sized refuse disposal system
CN109530078B (en) * 2018-10-23 2020-07-28 宁波工程学院 Device for separating hydrophilic and hydrophobic particles by utilizing water surface vibration
CN109834108B (en) * 2019-03-06 2020-04-28 江苏尚美环保科技有限公司 Diversified water-sinking type treatment equipment for chemical experiment medicine waste

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