CN111112294B - Household garbage classification treatment device and use method thereof - Google Patents

Household garbage classification treatment device and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111112294B
CN111112294B CN201911362383.6A CN201911362383A CN111112294B CN 111112294 B CN111112294 B CN 111112294B CN 201911362383 A CN201911362383 A CN 201911362383A CN 111112294 B CN111112294 B CN 111112294B
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fixedly connected
main body
garbage
motor
box
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CN111112294A (en
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康望才
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Hunan Hankun Building Security Equipment Co ltd
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Hunan Hankun Building Security Equipment Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/80Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless involving an extraction step
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/32Adjusting, applying pressure to, or controlling the distance between, milling members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/306Mechanically-driven presses
    • B30B9/3071Mechanically-driven presses by the pull of chains or ropes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of household garbage classification, in particular to a household garbage classification treatment device and a use method thereof, and the household garbage classification treatment device comprises a main body device, a first screening device, a second screening device, a packing device and a compacting device, wherein the inner side of the main body device is fixedly connected with the first screening device, and the inner side of the top end of the main body device is fixedly connected with the second screening device, in the invention, through the arranged compacting box, a wire collecting wheel and the like, when garbage exists in the inner side of the compacting box, the garbage is rapidly compacted through the self weight of a gravity seat, so that the use space of the compacting box is saved, the centralized treatment of the garbage by workers is facilitated, the transportation of the workers is facilitated, and the like, through the arranged pressing plate, the spring and the like, the collecting bag can be limited and fixed through the action of a pressing rod, and the problem that the, and the garbage after being compacted can be conveyed into a collecting bag for packaging treatment, so that the garbage can be conveniently carried and transported by workers.

Description

Household garbage classification treatment device and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of household garbage classification, in particular to a household garbage classification treatment device and a use method thereof.
Background
Along with the rapid development of social economy, the acceleration of urbanization process and the rapid improvement of the living standard of people in China, the garbage generated in the urban production and living process is rapidly increased, the land occupied by the household garbage, the environment pollution condition and the influence on the health of people are more obvious, the garbage treatment is more difficult due to the increase of a large amount of the household garbage, the problems of environmental pollution and the like gradually arouse wide attention of all social circles, the national places high importance on the environmental protection problem, the control work of domestic garbage and sewage is greatly developed, however, while the urban garbage yield in China is continuously increased, the classification, recovery and treatment capability of the domestic garbage is relatively lagged with the horizontal development, namely the domestic garbage treatment technology in China is very weak, therefore, there is an increasing demand for a domestic waste sorting apparatus and a method of using the same.
Most of garbage classification boxes existing in the market at present are simple in structure and single in function, general garbage classification boxes cannot separate and rub garbage without recycling values such as foul water, leftovers, peels and the like, workers cannot handle the garbage conveniently, the existing garbage classification boxes cannot compact the classified garbage, the workers cannot conveniently store and transport the garbage when collecting the garbage in a centralized mode, and work efficiency is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a household garbage classification processing device and a using method thereof, which aim to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the household garbage classification device comprises a main body device, a first screening device, a second screening device, a packing device and a compacting device, wherein the first screening device is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device, the second screening device is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end of the main body device, the compacting device is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device, and the packing device is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device.
Preferably, the main body device comprises a classification box main body, a control cabinet and a discharging pipe, one end of the first screening device is fixedly connected with the classification box main body, the left end of the classification box main body is fixedly connected with the control cabinet, and the inner side of the classification box main body is fixedly connected with the discharging pipe.
Preferably, first sieving mechanism includes first waste water tank, connecting plate, first screen cloth, first electric telescopic handle, band conveyer, manipulator, fixed plate and ccd camera, the left end fixedly connected with first waste water tank of main part device, the left end fixedly connected with connecting plate of first waste water tank, the right-hand member hinged joint of connecting plate has first screen cloth, the bottom hinged joint of first screen cloth has first electric telescopic handle, and first electric telescopic handle and first waste water tank hinged joint, the inboard fixedly connected with fixed plate of main part device, the bottom fixedly connected with manipulator and the ccd camera of fixed plate, the inboard fixedly connected with band conveyer of main part device.
Preferably, the second screening device, the waste bin, the fixing frame, the crusher main body, the blanking hopper, the second screen, the second waste liquid tank, the first motor, the first screw rod, the crushing roller, the limiting shaft, the second motor, the first slider, the second electric telescopic rod and the second slider are arranged on the main body, one end of the main body device is fixedly connected with the second waste liquid tank, one end of the second waste liquid tank is hinged with the second screen, the bottom end of the second screen is hinged with the second electric telescopic rod, the second electric telescopic rod is hinged with the second waste liquid tank, the crusher main body is arranged on the left side of the second waste liquid tank, one end of the crusher main body is fixedly connected with the first motor, the tail end of the main shaft of the first motor is fixedly connected with the first screw rod, the outer side of the first screw rod is provided with the second slider, the rear end of the crusher main body is fixedly connected with the limiting shaft, the outer side of the limiting shaft is connected with a first sliding block in a sliding mode, the top end of the first sliding block is fixedly connected with a second motor, the tail end of a main shaft of the second motor is fixedly connected with a crushing roller, the crushing roller is rotatably connected with the second sliding block, and the inner side of the main body device is fixedly connected with a discharging hopper.
Preferably, the threads on the left side and the right side of the first screw rod are arranged in opposite directions, the inner side of the second sliding block is provided with threads, and the first screw rod is connected with the second sliding block in a sliding mode through the threads.
Preferably, the packing device comprises a collecting box, a pressing plate, a collecting bag, a pressing rod, a limiting block and a spring, the collecting box is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device, the limiting block is fixedly connected to the front end of the collecting box, the pressing rod is slidably connected to the inner side of the limiting block, the pressing plate is fixedly connected to the top end of the pressing rod, the collecting bag is arranged at one end of the pressing plate, the collecting bag is arranged on the inner side of the collecting box, the spring is arranged on the outer side of the pressing rod, and the top end and the bottom end of.
Preferably, the compacting device comprises a compacting box, a support plate, a gravity seat, a fixed shell, a pull rope, a third motor, a take-up pulley, a second screw rod, a limiting rod, a sliding plate, a fourth motor, a fifth motor and a third screw rod, the inner side of the main body device is fixedly connected with the compacting box, one end of the compacting box is fixedly connected with the fifth motor, the tail end of a main shaft of the fifth motor is fixedly connected with the second screw rod, the second screw rod is rotatably connected with the main body device, the outer side of the second screw rod is spirally connected with the support plate, the support plate is slidably connected with the compacting box, the inner side of the main body device is fixedly connected with the fourth motor, the tail end of the main shaft of the fourth motor is fixedly connected with the second screw rod, the outer side of the second screw rod is spirally connected with the sliding plate, the inner side of the sliding plate is slidably connected with the, the bottom end of the sliding plate is fixedly connected with a fixed shell, the inner side of the fixed shell is fixedly connected with a third motor, the tail end of a main shaft of the third motor is fixedly connected with a take-up pulley, the outer side of the take-up pulley is provided with a pull rope, and the bottom end of the pull rope is fixedly connected with a gravity seat.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: if the garbage is classified, garbage without recovery value such as odor water, pericarp and the like is screened, crushed and flows into a sewer through a main body device and a second screening device, plastics, metals, paper products, textiles, harmful garbage and scattered garbage are respectively put into corresponding compaction boxes through the main body device, or garbage mixed with the odor water, the pericarp, the plastics, the metals, the paper products, the textiles, the harmful garbage and the scattered garbage is screened and treated through a first screening device, and the mixed garbage is rapidly sorted and screened through a manipulator and put into the corresponding compaction boxes;
step two: compacting the garbage by a compacting device;
step three: and then the compacted garbage is packaged by a packaging device.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, through the arrangement of the first waste water tank, the first screen, the belt conveyor and the like, when the thrown garbage is not classified, a user throws the garbage on the first screen, then screens the garbage through the first screen, so that liquid flows into the first waste water tank and flows into a sewer through a pipeline, the rest garbage falls on the belt conveyor under the action of the first screen, and then the garbage of different types is respectively placed into the corresponding compaction tanks through the mechanical arm.
2. According to the invention, through the waste bin, the crusher main body, the second screen and the like, if a user sorts the garbage, the user can pour the garbage without recycling value such as smelly water, leftovers, peels and the like onto the first screen to realize solid-liquid garbage separation, the fixed garbage is crushed by the crusher main body and flows into a sewer through the waste bin, the rest garbage is respectively thrown into the corresponding compaction boxes through the blanking pipes to be intensively compacted, the distance between the crushing rollers can be adjusted according to the crushing degree of the garbage, and the problem that the distance between the traditional crushing rollers cannot be adjusted is solved.
3. According to the garbage compacting device, due to the fact that the compacting box, the gravity seat, the pull rope, the take-up pulley and the like are arranged, when garbage exists on the inner side of the compacting box, the garbage is rapidly compacted through the self weight of the gravity seat, on one hand, the using space of the compacting box is saved, on the other hand, workers can conveniently perform centralized processing on the garbage, the workers can conveniently transport the garbage, and the problem that the garbage cannot be compacted in the traditional garbage compacting device is solved.
4. According to the garbage collecting device, the collecting bag can be limited and fixed under the action of the pressure rod through the pressure plate, the collecting bag, the pressure rod, the spring and the like, so that the problem that the collecting bag drops in the using process is solved, the compacted garbage can be conveyed into the collecting bag to be packaged, the garbage collecting device is convenient for workers to carry and transport, the working efficiency is improved, the workers do not need to load and take the garbage manually, and the garbage collecting device is clean and sanitary.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the compacting box according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 at point A according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 at B according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 at C according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 2 of the present invention at D;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 2 at E in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the second motor of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the sorting box main body of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-main body device, 101-sorting box main body, 102-control cabinet, 103-discharging pipe, 2-first screening device, 201-first waste water tank, 202-connecting plate, 203-first screen, 204-first electric telescopic rod, 205-belt conveyor, 206-mechanical arm, 207-fixing plate, 208-ccd camera, 3-second screening device, 301-waste material tank, 302-fixing frame, 303-crusher main body, 304-discharging hopper, 305-second screen, 306-second waste liquid tank, 307-first motor, 308-first screw, 309-crushing roller, 310-limiting shaft, 311-second motor, 312-first slide block, 313-second electric telescopic rod, 314-second slide block, 4-packing device, 401-collection box, 402-pressing plate, 403-collection bag, 404-pressing rod, 405-limiting block, 406-spring, 5-compacting device, 501-compacting box, 502-supporting plate, 503-gravity seat, 504-fixing shell, 505-pulling rope, 506-third motor, 507-take-up pulley, 508-second screw rod, 509-limiting rod, 510-sliding plate, 511-fourth motor, 512-fifth motor and 513-third screw rod.
Detailed Description
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-9, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the household garbage classification treatment device comprises a main body device 1, a first screening device 2, a second screening device 3, a packing device 4 and a compaction device 5, wherein the first screening device 2 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the second screening device 3 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end of the main body device 1, the compaction device 5 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the packing device 4 is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device 1, the main body device 1 comprises a classification box main body 101, a control cabinet 102 and a blanking pipe 103, one end of the first screening device 2 is fixedly connected with the classification box main body 101, the control cabinet 102 is fixedly connected to the left end of the classification box main body 101, the blanking pipe 103 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the classification box main body 101, the first screening device 2 comprises a first waste water tank 201, a connecting plate 202, a first screen 203, The device comprises a mechanical arm 206, a fixing plate 207 and a ccd camera 208, wherein a first waste water tank 201 is fixedly connected to the left end of a main body device 1, a connecting plate 202 is fixedly connected to the left end of the first waste water tank 201, a first screen 203 is hinged to the right end of the connecting plate 202, a first electric telescopic rod 204 is hinged to the bottom end of the first screen 203, the first electric telescopic rod 204 is hinged to the first waste water tank 201, a fixing plate 207 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the mechanical arm 206 and the ccd camera 208 are fixedly connected to the bottom end of the fixing plate 207, a belt conveyor 205 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, a second screening device 3, a waste material tank 301, a fixing frame 302, a crusher main body 303, a discharging hopper 304, a second screen 305, a second waste liquid tank 306, a first motor 307, a first screw 308, a crushing roller 309, a limiting shaft 310, a second motor 311, a first slide block 312, one end of the main body device 1 is fixedly connected with a second waste liquid tank 306, one end of the second waste liquid tank 306 is hinged with a second screen 305, the bottom end of the second screen 305 is hinged with a second electric telescopic rod 313, the second electric telescopic rod 313 is hinged with the second waste liquid tank 306, the left side of the second waste liquid tank 306 is provided with a crusher main body 303, one end of the crusher main body 303 is fixedly connected with a first motor 307, the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor 307 is fixedly connected with a first screw 308, the outer side of the first screw 308 is provided with a second sliding block 314, the rear end of the crusher main body 303 is fixedly connected with a limiting shaft 310, the outer side of the limiting shaft 310 is slidably connected with a first sliding block 312, the top end of the first sliding block 312 is fixedly connected with a second motor 311, the tail end of the main shaft of the second motor 311 is fixedly connected with a crushing roller 309, the crushing roller 309 is rotatably connected with the second sliding block 314, the inner side, the threads on the left side and the right side of the first screw rod 308 are arranged in opposite directions, the inner side of the second slider 314 is provided with threads, the first screw rod 308 is connected with the second slider 314 in a sliding manner through the threads, the second slider 314 can be driven to stably run under the action of the first screw rod 308, and the working stability is ensured, the packing device 4 comprises a collecting box 401, a pressing plate 402, a collecting bag 403, a pressing rod 404, a limiting block 405 and a spring 406, the collecting box 401 is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device 1, the limiting block 405 is fixedly connected with the front end of the collecting box 401, the pressing rod 404 is connected with the inner side of the limiting block 405 in a sliding manner, the pressing plate 402 is fixedly connected with the top end of the pressing plate 404, the collecting bag 402 is arranged at one end of the pressing plate 402, the collecting bag 403 is arranged on the inner side, the compacting device 5 comprises a compacting box 501, a support plate 502, a gravity seat 503, a fixed shell 504, a pull rope 505, a third motor 506, a take-up pulley 507, a second screw 508, a limit rod 509, a sliding plate 510, a fourth motor 511, a fifth motor 512 and a third screw 513, wherein the compacting box 501 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the fifth motor 512 is fixedly connected to one end of the compacting box 501, the second screw 508 is fixedly connected to the end of a main shaft of the fifth motor 512, the second screw 508 is rotatably connected with the main body device 1, the support plate 502 is spirally connected to the outer side of the second screw 508, the support plate 502 is slidably connected with the compacting box 501, the fourth motor 511 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the second screw 508 is fixedly connected to the end of a main shaft of the fourth motor 511, the sliding plate 510 is spirally connected to the outer side of the second screw 508, the limit rod 509 is slidably connected to the inner side of the sliding, the bottom end of the sliding plate 510 is fixedly connected with a fixed shell 504, the inner side of the fixed shell 504 is fixedly connected with a third motor 506, the tail end of a main shaft of the third motor 506 is fixedly connected with a take-up pulley 507, the outer side of the take-up pulley 507 is provided with a pull rope 505, and the bottom end of the pull rope 505 is fixedly connected with a gravity seat 503.
The method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: if the garbage is classified, garbage without recovery value, such as odor water, pericarp and the like, can be screened and crushed by the main body device 1 and the second screening device 3 and flows into a sewer, and plastics, metals, paper products, textiles, harmful garbage and scattered garbage are respectively put into the corresponding compaction boxes 501 through the main body device 1;
step two: then, compacting the garbage by a compacting device 5;
step three: and then the compacted garbage is packaged by a packaging device 4.
The control cabinet 102 is an SDTH control cabinet, the first electric telescopic rod 204 and the second electric telescopic rod 313 are ANT-36 electric telescopic rods, the belt conveyor 205 is a BT-100 belt conveyor, the ccd camera 208 is an SLB6-DCU223, and the first motor 307, the second motor 311, the third motor 506, the fourth motor 511 and the fifth motor 512 are Y1-160M1-8 motors.
The working process is as follows: before the garbage crusher is used, an external power supply is used for supplying power, the distance between the crushing rollers 309 is adjusted according to the crushing degree of the garbage, a worker controls the first motor 307 to drive the first screw rod 308 to rotate through the control cabinet 102, the second sliding blocks 314 on the left side and the right side are driven to move in opposite directions through the rotation of the first screw rod 308, so that the distance between the crushing rollers 309 is jumped, when the garbage discarded by a user is classified, the user discards the garbage without recycling values such as smelly water, leftover rice, pericarp and the like into the inner side of the second screen 305 through the discharging hopper 304, then liquid flows into the inner side of the second waste liquid tank 306 and flows into a sewer through a pipeline, then the control cabinet 102 controls the second electric telescopic rod 313 to drive the second screen 305 to shake, so that the garbage on the inner side of the second screen 305 gradually falls into the inner side of the crusher main body 303, meanwhile, the second motor 311 realizes the breaking treatment of the solid tie through the breaking roller 39, so that the broken garbage falls into a sewer through the waste bin 301 and a pipeline, other available garbage is respectively thrown into the corresponding compaction bin 501 through the discharge pipe 103 according to different categories, then the control cabinet 102 controls the fourth motor 511 to drive the fixed shell 504 and the gravity seat 503 to move towards the upper side of the compaction bin 501 through the second screw 508, then the control cabinet 102 controls the third motor 506 to rotate rapidly, so that the gravity seat 503 quickly compacts the garbage on the inner side of the compaction bin 501, the gravity seat 503 resets after compaction, the next round of work is waited, when the compacted garbage on the inner side of the compaction bin 501 needs to be packed, the control cabinet 102 controls the fifth motor 512 to drive the supporting plate 502 to move through the second screw 508, so that the supporting plate 502 relieves the limit on the compaction bin 501, and the compacted garbage falls into the collecting bag 403 on the inner side of the collecting bin 401, thereby realize the packing to rubbish, clamp plate 402 can realize the spacing fixed to collecting bag 403 under the effect of spring 406 simultaneously, prevents that collecting bag 403 from taking place the change of position at the during operation, improves the stability of work, and then backup pad 502 resets, waits for the work of next round.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1-9, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the household garbage classification treatment device comprises a main body device 1, a first screening device 2, a second screening device 3, a packing device 4 and a compaction device 5, wherein the first screening device 2 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the second screening device 3 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end of the main body device 1, the compaction device 5 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the packing device 4 is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device 1, the main body device 1 comprises a classification box main body 101, a control cabinet 102 and a blanking pipe 103, one end of the first screening device 2 is fixedly connected with the classification box main body 101, the control cabinet 102 is fixedly connected to the left end of the classification box main body 101, the blanking pipe 103 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the classification box main body 101, the first screening device 2 comprises a first waste water tank 201, a connecting plate 202, a first screen 203, The device comprises a mechanical arm 206, a fixing plate 207 and a ccd camera 208, wherein a first waste water tank 201 is fixedly connected to the left end of a main body device 1, a connecting plate 202 is fixedly connected to the left end of the first waste water tank 201, a first screen 203 is hinged to the right end of the connecting plate 202, a first electric telescopic rod 204 is hinged to the bottom end of the first screen 203, the first electric telescopic rod 204 is hinged to the first waste water tank 201, a fixing plate 207 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the mechanical arm 206 and the ccd camera 208 are fixedly connected to the bottom end of the fixing plate 207, a belt conveyor 205 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, a second screening device 3, a waste material tank 301, a fixing frame 302, a crusher main body 303, a discharging hopper 304, a second screen 305, a second waste liquid tank 306, a first motor 307, a first screw 308, a crushing roller 309, a limiting shaft 310, a second motor 311, a first slide block 312, one end of the main body device 1 is fixedly connected with a second waste liquid tank 306, one end of the second waste liquid tank 306 is hinged with a second screen 305, the bottom end of the second screen 305 is hinged with a second electric telescopic rod 313, the second electric telescopic rod 313 is hinged with the second waste liquid tank 306, the left side of the second waste liquid tank 306 is provided with a crusher main body 303, one end of the crusher main body 303 is fixedly connected with a first motor 307, the tail end of a main shaft of the first motor 307 is fixedly connected with a first screw 308, the outer side of the first screw 308 is provided with a second sliding block 314, the rear end of the crusher main body 303 is fixedly connected with a limiting shaft 310, the outer side of the limiting shaft 310 is slidably connected with a first sliding block 312, the top end of the first sliding block 312 is fixedly connected with a second motor 311, the tail end of the main shaft of the second motor 311 is fixedly connected with a crushing roller 309, the crushing roller 309 is rotatably connected with the second sliding block 314, the inner side, the threads on the left side and the right side of the first screw rod 308 are arranged in opposite directions, the inner side of the second slider 314 is provided with threads, the first screw rod 308 is connected with the second slider 314 in a sliding manner through the threads, the second slider 314 can be driven to stably run under the action of the first screw rod 308, and the working stability is ensured, the packing device 4 comprises a collecting box 401, a pressing plate 402, a collecting bag 403, a pressing rod 404, a limiting block 405 and a spring 406, the collecting box 401 is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device 1, the limiting block 405 is fixedly connected with the front end of the collecting box 401, the pressing rod 404 is connected with the inner side of the limiting block 405 in a sliding manner, the pressing plate 402 is fixedly connected with the top end of the pressing plate 404, the collecting bag 402 is arranged at one end of the pressing plate 402, the collecting bag 403 is arranged on the inner side, the compacting device 5 comprises a compacting box 501, a support plate 502, a gravity seat 503, a fixed shell 504, a pull rope 505, a third motor 506, a take-up pulley 507, a second screw 508, a limit rod 509, a sliding plate 510, a fourth motor 511, a fifth motor 512 and a third screw 513, wherein the compacting box 501 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the fifth motor 512 is fixedly connected to one end of the compacting box 501, the second screw 508 is fixedly connected to the end of a main shaft of the fifth motor 512, the second screw 508 is rotatably connected with the main body device 1, the support plate 502 is spirally connected to the outer side of the second screw 508, the support plate 502 is slidably connected with the compacting box 501, the fourth motor 511 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device 1, the second screw 508 is fixedly connected to the end of a main shaft of the fourth motor 511, the sliding plate 510 is spirally connected to the outer side of the second screw 508, the limit rod 509 is slidably connected to the inner side of the sliding, the bottom end of the sliding plate 510 is fixedly connected with a fixed shell 504, the inner side of the fixed shell 504 is fixedly connected with a third motor 506, the tail end of a main shaft of the third motor 506 is fixedly connected with a take-up pulley 507, the outer side of the take-up pulley 507 is provided with a pull rope 505, and the bottom end of the pull rope 505 is fixedly connected with a gravity seat 503.
The method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: garbage mixed by odor water, peel, plastic, metal, paper, textile, harmful garbage and scattered garbage is screened by a first screening device 2, the mixed garbage is rapidly sorted and screened by a manipulator 206 and is put into a corresponding compaction box 501;
step two: then, compacting the garbage by a compacting device 5;
step three: and then the compacted garbage is packaged by a packaging device 4.
The control cabinet 102 is an SDTH control cabinet, the first electric telescopic rod 204 and the second electric telescopic rod 313 are ANT-36 electric telescopic rods, the belt conveyor 205 is a BT-100 belt conveyor, the ccd camera 208 is an SLBG-DCU223, and the first motor 307, the second motor 311, the third motor 506, the fourth motor 511 and the fifth motor 512 are Y1-160M1-8 motors.
The working process is as follows: before the garbage crusher is used, an external power supply is used for supplying power, the distance between the crushing rollers 309 is adjusted according to the crushing degree of the garbage, a worker controls the first motor 307 to drive the first screw rod 308 to rotate through the control cabinet 102, the second slide blocks 314 on the left side and the right side are driven to move in opposite directions through the rotation of the first screw rod 308, so that the distance between the crushing rollers 309 is jumped and adjusted, when the garbage discarded by the user is not classified, the user discards the mixed garbage into the inner side of the first screen 203, then liquid flows into the inner side of the first waste liquid tank 201 and flows into a sewer through a pipeline, then the control cabinet 102 controls the first electric telescopic rod 204 to drive the first screen 203 to shake, so that the garbage on the inner side of the first screen 203 gradually falls onto the belt conveyor 205, and meanwhile, the control cabinet 102 controls the belt conveyor 205 to drive the mixed garbage to move forwards, meanwhile, the ccd camera 208 transmits the collected information to the control cabinet 102, the information is analyzed by the control cabinet 102, then the manipulator 206 is controlled to respectively throw the garbage of different types into the corresponding compacting boxes 501, meanwhile, the manipulator 206 can throw the garbage without value, such as fruit peel, into the rightmost compacting box 501, the worker can guide the garbage, such as fruit peel, in the compacting boxes 501 into the discharging hopper 304, the garbage falls into the crushing box main body 303 through the discharging hopper 304 and the second screen 3 to be crushed, the crushed garbage falls into a sewer through the waste bin 301 and a pipeline, then the control cabinet 102 controls the fourth motor 511 to drive the fixed shell 504 and the gravity seat 503 to move towards the upper side of the compacting box 501 through the second screw 508, then the control cabinet 102 controls the third motor 506 to rotate rapidly, so that the gravity seat 503 rapidly compacts the garbage inside the compacting box 501, and the gravity seat 503 resets after compaction, wait for the work of next round, when needing to pack the rubbish behind the compaction of compaction case 501 inboard, switch board 102 control fifth motor 512 drives backup pad 502 through second screw 508 and removes, make backup pad 502 remove the spacing to compaction case 501, let the rubbish after the compaction fall into in the collection bag 403 of collecting box 401 inboard, thereby realize the packing to rubbish, clamp plate 402 can realize spacing fixed to collection bag 403 under the effect of spring 406 simultaneously, prevent that collection bag 403 from taking place the change of position at the during operation, improve the stability of work, then backup pad 502 resets, wait for the work of next round.
The principles and embodiments of the present invention are explained herein using specific examples, which are presented only to assist in understanding the method and its core concepts of the present invention. The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that there are objectively infinite specific structures due to the limited character expressions, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a plurality of modifications, decorations or changes may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and the technical features described above may be combined in a suitable manner; such modifications, variations, combinations, or adaptations of the invention using its spirit and scope, as defined by the claims, may be directed to other uses and embodiments.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a domestic waste classification processing apparatus, includes main part device (1), first sieving mechanism (2), second sieving mechanism (3), packing apparatus (4) and compaction device (5), its characterized in that: a first screening device (2) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device (1), a second screening device (3) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the top end of the main body device (1), a compaction device (5) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device (1), and a packing device (4) is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device (1); the first screening device (2) comprises a first wastewater tank (201), a connecting plate (202), a first screen (203), a first electric telescopic rod (204), a belt conveyor (205), a mechanical arm (206), a fixing plate (207) and a ccd camera (208), the left end of the main body device (1) is fixedly connected with the first wastewater tank (201), the left end of the first wastewater tank (201) is fixedly connected with the connecting plate (202), the right end of the connecting plate (202) is hinged with the first screen (203), the bottom end of the first screen (203) is hinged with the first electric telescopic rod (204), the first electric telescopic rod (204) is hinged with the first wastewater tank (201), the inner side of the main body device (1) is fixedly connected with the fixing plate (207), the bottom end of the fixing plate (207) is fixedly connected with the mechanical arm (206) and the ccd camera (208), a belt conveyor (205) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device (1);
the crusher comprises a second screening device (3), a waste box (301), a fixing frame (302), a crusher main body (303), a discharging hopper (304), a second screen (305), a second waste liquid box (306), a first motor (307), a first screw (308), a crushing roller (309), a limiting shaft (310), a second motor (311), a first sliding block (312), a second electric telescopic rod (313) and a second sliding block (314), wherein one end of the main body device (1) is fixedly connected with the second waste liquid box (306), one end of the second waste liquid box (306) is hinged with the second screen (305), the bottom end of the second screen (305) is hinged with the second electric telescopic rod (313), the second electric telescopic rod (313) is hinged with the second waste liquid box (306), the left side of the second waste liquid box (306) is provided with the crusher main body (303), one end of the crusher main body (303) is fixedly connected with the first motor (307), the crusher comprises a main shaft of a first motor (307), a first screw (308) is fixedly connected to the tail end of the main shaft of the first motor (307), a second sliding block (314) is arranged on the outer side of the first screw (308), a limiting shaft (310) is fixedly connected to the rear end of a crusher main body (303), a first sliding block (312) is slidably connected to the outer side of the limiting shaft (310), a second motor (311) is fixedly connected to the top end of the first sliding block (312), a crushing roller (309) is fixedly connected to the tail end of the main shaft of the second motor (311), the crushing roller (309) is rotatably connected with the second sliding block (314), and a lower hopper (304) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the main body device (1.
2. The household garbage classification processing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the main body device (1) comprises a classification box main body (101), a control cabinet (102) and a discharging pipe (103), the classification box main body (101) is fixedly connected with one end of the first screening device (2), the control cabinet (102) is fixedly connected with the left end of the classification box main body (101), and the discharging pipe (103) is fixedly connected with the inner side of the classification box main body (101).
3. The household garbage classification processing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the threads on the left side and the right side of the first screw rod (308) are arranged in opposite directions, the inner side of the second sliding block (314) is provided with threads, and the first screw rod (308) is in sliding connection with the second sliding block (314) through the threads.
4. The household garbage classification processing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the packing device (4) comprises a collection box (401), a pressure plate (402), a collection bag (403), a pressure rod (404), a limiting block (405) and a spring (406), wherein the collection box (401) is arranged on the inner side of the bottom end of the main body device (1), the limiting block (405) is fixedly connected to the front end of the collection box (401), the pressure rod (404) is slidably connected to the inner side of the limiting block (405), the pressure plate (402) is fixedly connected to the top end of the pressure rod (404), the collection bag (403) is arranged at one end of the pressure plate (402), the collection bag (403) is arranged on the inner side of the collection box (401), the spring (406) is arranged on the outer side of the pressure rod (404), and the top end and the bottom end of the spring (406) are respectively and.
5. The household garbage classification processing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the compaction device (5) comprises a compaction box (501), a supporting plate (502), a gravity seat (503), a fixed shell (504), a pull rope (505), a third motor (506), a take-up pulley (507), a second screw (508), a limiting rod (509), a sliding plate (510), a fourth motor (511), a fifth motor (512) and a third screw (513), wherein the inner side of the main body device (1) is fixedly connected with the compaction box (501), one end of the compaction box (501) is fixedly connected with the fifth motor (512), the tail end of a main shaft of the fifth motor (512) is fixedly connected with the second screw (508), the second screw (508) is rotatably connected with the main body device (1), the outer side of the second screw (508) is spirally connected with the supporting plate (502), the supporting plate (502) is slidably connected with the compaction box (501), the inner side of the main body device (1) is fixedly connected with the fourth motor (511), the terminal fixedly connected with second screw rod (508) of main shaft of fourth motor (511), the outside screwed connection of second screw rod (508) has slide (510), the inboard sliding connection of slide (510) has gag lever post (509), and gag lever post (509) and main part device (1) fixed connection, the bottom fixedly connected with set casing (504) of slide (510), the inboard fixedly connected with third motor (506) of set casing (504), the terminal fixedly connected with take-up pulley (507) of main shaft of third motor (506), the outside of take-up pulley (507) is provided with stay cord (505), the bottom fixedly connected with gravity seat (503) of stay cord (505).
6. The use method of the household garbage classification device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: if the garbage is classified, garbage without recovery value is screened and crushed by the main body device (1) and the second screening device (3) and flows into a sewer, harmful garbage and scattered garbage are respectively thrown into corresponding compaction boxes (501) through the main body device (1), or garbage mixed with the harmful garbage and the scattered garbage is screened by the first screening device (2), and the mixed garbage is rapidly sorted and screened by the manipulator (206) and is put into the corresponding compaction boxes (501);
step two: then compacting the garbage by a compacting device (5);
step three: then the compacted garbage is packed by a packing device (4).
CN201911362383.6A 2019-12-26 2019-12-26 Household garbage classification treatment device and use method thereof Active CN111112294B (en)

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