CN115669520A - Auxiliary seedling raising device for seaweed - Google Patents

Auxiliary seedling raising device for seaweed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115669520A
CN115669520A CN202211270475.3A CN202211270475A CN115669520A CN 115669520 A CN115669520 A CN 115669520A CN 202211270475 A CN202211270475 A CN 202211270475A CN 115669520 A CN115669520 A CN 115669520A
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plate
shaped
seed
fixedly connected
water
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CN115669520B (en
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朱玉芬
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Jiangsu Mozhijian Network Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of seedling culture, in particular to a seaweed auxiliary seedling culture device. The technical problem of the invention is that: the existing method for manually fishing the seed coat of the tylicapnos wastes time and labor, and manually straightening the tylicapnos seeds consumes energy and is not high in efficiency. The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: an auxiliary seedling raising device for seaweed comprises a bottom frame, a seed separation system and a seed sowing system; the bottom frame is provided with a seed separation system, and the bottom frame is provided with a seed sowing system; the seed separation system is used for separating the seed coats floating on the water and converging the seeds sinking into the water to one position; the seed planting system is used to set the seeds in an upward tipped position and drop them into an incubator. According to the mechanical seed sowing machine, through a proper mechanical structure, most of the seed collection and seed sowing processes of the tylosin which originally need to be manually participated in the whole process are mechanically replaced, only few manual participations are needed, and the energy of an operator is greatly relieved.

Description

Auxiliary seedling raising device for seaweed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of seedling culture, in particular to a seaweed auxiliary seedling culture device.
Background
At present, the seedling raising process of the tylicapnos mainly comprises the steps of collecting tylicapnos fruits, placing the tylicapnos fruits in a water tank, waiting for the tylicapnos fruits to break, releasing seeds, collecting the seeds, cultivating and raising seedlings. The method comprises two steps of manual treatment, wherein one step is that seeds of the Tailai grass float on the water surface after the seeds of the Tailai grass break, the Tailai grass float on the water surface, and the fruits and the seeds of the Tailai grass need to be screened manually and the seeds of the Tailai grass are fished out, so that bacteria breeding caused by rotting of the seeds of the Tailai grass in a water tank is prevented, and the step needs to be carried out every day and is relatively complex; the second is to collect and plant seeds, but the tips of the seeds need to be upward when planting the seeds, so the positions of the seeds need to be manually adjusted before planting, but the seeds of the tylosin are not large, the adjustment is not easy, and the labor efficiency is not high.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a seaweed auxiliary seedling raising device, aiming at overcoming the defects that the existing method for manually fishing seed coats of tylosin wastes time and labor, and manually straightening seeds of tylosin consumes energy and is low in efficiency.
The technical scheme is as follows: an auxiliary seedling raising device for seaweed comprises a bottom frame, a seed separation system and a seed sowing system; the bottom frame is provided with a seed separation system, and the bottom frame is provided with a seed sowing system; the seed separation system is used for separating seed coats floating on water and collecting seeds sinking into the water to one position; the seed planting system is used for righting seeds into a tip-up posture and enabling the seeds to fall into an incubator.
As a further preferable scheme, the seed separation system comprises a first supporting plate, a water tank, an L-shaped plate, a first push rod, a U-shaped frame, a salvaging plate, a water storage tank, a U-shaped baffle, a first partition plate, a second partition plate and a first motor; the underframe is provided with two first supporting plates which are symmetrically distributed; the two first supporting plates are fixedly connected with the same water tank, the water tank is provided with a sewage discharge outlet, the water tank is provided with a first water inlet, and the water tank is provided with a second water inlet; the water tank is fixedly connected with an L-shaped plate; the L-shaped plate is fixedly connected with a first push rod; the first push rod telescopic part is fixedly connected with a U-shaped frame, and the U-shaped frame is fixedly connected with two protruding parts; the two U-shaped frames are movably connected with first bearing seats respectively, and a torsion spring is connected between each protruding part and the adjacent first bearing seat; the two first bearing seats are fixedly connected with a salvaging plate, and the salvaging plate is fixedly connected with two second bearing seats; the salvaging plate is fixedly connected with two L-shaped limiting rods, and the two L-shaped limiting rods are both positioned behind the second bearing block; the two second bearing seats are movably connected with a water storage tank, a top orifice plate is arranged at the upper part of the water storage tank, and a water outlet groove is formed in the water storage tank; the same U-shaped baffle is fixedly connected between the two second bearing seats; the rear part of the water tank is provided with a first clapboard; a second clapboard is arranged at the front part of the water tank, and a gap is arranged at the left side of the second clapboard; a first motor is arranged on the side surface of the water tank; the left part of the water tank is rotatably connected with a movable door, and an output shaft of a first motor is connected with the movable door; a lower pressing strip is arranged on the side surface of the L-shaped plate and is positioned behind the first push rod; the salvaging plate is used for salvaging the seed coats floating on the water surface; the water storage tank is used for storing water to wash the seed coats on the surface of the fishing plate and can play a role in balancing weight; the top pore plate is used for blocking sundries when water enters the water storage tank; the lower pressing strip is used for pressing the fishing plate.
As a further preferable scheme, the seed sowing system comprises a negative pressure component and a straightening sowing component; two negative pressure components are connected to the underframe; the two negative pressure components are both connected with a positive swing sowing component; the righting sowing assembly is used for placing seeds into a special posture so as to facilitate planting; the negative pressure assembly is used for avoiding accidental falling of the seeds in the seed straightening process and improving the seed straightening efficiency.
As a further preferable scheme, the negative pressure component comprises a second support plate, a separation strip, an air pump and a nail-shaped support block; the underframe is fixedly connected with two second supporting plates, and the opposite sides of the two second supporting plates are fixedly connected with annular parts; four separating strips are arranged on the opposite sides of the two second supporting plates, and one ends of the four separating strips, far away from the center of the annular part, are fixedly connected with the second supporting plates; the two second supporting plates are respectively provided with three air pumps, and air pipes of the three air pumps penetrate through the second supporting plates; the second supporting plate at the rear part is fixedly connected with a nail-shaped supporting block; the second supporting plate is connected with a straightening seeding assembly; the separating strip is used for separating an inner space surrounded by the annular part and forming four sealing and isolating areas; the nail-shaped supporting block is used for supporting the straightening seeding component.
As a further preferable scheme, the aligning and seeding assembly comprises a second motor, a connecting turntable, a hollow plate, an anti-dropping U-shaped strip, an arc-shaped shell, a first inclined plate and a second inclined plate; a second motor is arranged on the second support plate positioned in front; the front second motor output shaft is fixedly connected with a connecting turntable, and the connecting turntable is matched with the four adjacent separating strips, the second supporting plate and the second motor output shaft to form four sealed isolated spaces; the second supporting plate at the rear is rotatably connected with another connecting turntable, and the connecting turntable at the rear is matched with the adjacent separating strips, the nail-shaped supporting blocks and the second supporting plate to form four sealed isolated spaces; each connecting turntable is provided with sixteen connecting air holes, each four connecting air holes form a group, and four groups of annular arrays are distributed on the connecting turntable; four hollow plates are fixedly connected between the two connecting turntables in an annular array manner, a cavity is arranged in each hollow plate and is communicated with four adjacent communicating air holes, a plurality of conical grooves with inward conical heads are formed in one side plate of each hollow plate, and two small air holes are formed in the bottom of each groove; the edge of each hollow plate far away from the circle center of the annular part is fixedly connected with an anti-falling U-shaped strip, and a plurality of filter screens are arranged between each anti-falling U-shaped strip and the adjacent hollow plate; the nail-shaped supporting block is fixedly connected with an arc-shaped shell; the nail-shaped supporting block is fixedly connected with a first inclined plate; the nail-shaped supporting block is fixedly connected with a second inclined plate; the connecting turntable is used for supporting the hollow plate to rotate, and the front connecting turntable, the front second supporting plate, the separating strips and the second motor output shaft nail-shaped supporting block form four closed small spaces for providing negative pressure; the rear part is connected with the turntable and the rear part is provided with a second supporting plate, a separating strip and a nail-shaped supporting block; the communicating air hole is used for communicating the cavity and a space surrounded by the annular part and the connecting turntable; the connection turntable is supported by the annular portion when rotating.
As a further preferable scheme, the device also comprises an incubator lifting system, wherein the underframe is connected with the incubator lifting system, and the incubator lifting system comprises a second push rod and a bearing disc; the underframe is provided with a second push rod; the second push rod telescopic part is fixedly connected with a bearing disc; the incubator lift system is used to lift the incubator closer to the hollow core slab.
As a further preferable scheme, the U-shaped frame has elasticity so as to reduce the influence of load change caused by the fishing plate entering water and leaving water on the first push rod.
As a further preferred option, the upper surface of the fishing plate is roughened to increase its friction against the seed coat.
As a further preferred option, the left and right edges of the fishing plate project slightly upwardly.
As a further preferred option, the lower side of the first partition does not contact the water tank.
The invention has the following advantages: according to the mechanical seed sowing machine, through a proper mechanical structure, most of the processes of seed collection and seed sowing of the tylosin which originally needs manual participation in the whole process are mechanically replaced, only few manual participation is needed, and the energy of an operator is greatly liberated.
The seed separation system separates the seeds and the seed coats through different densities of the seeds and the seed coats, and separates and conveys the tylophora fruits and the seed coats to two positions in a mode of sequentially inclining the salvaging plates in different directions through different shapes of the seed coats and the tylophora fruits.
The second motor drives the connecting turntable in front, the connecting turntable drives the hollow plate to rotate and swing in a reciprocating mode, seeds on the surface of the hollow plate are thrown and vibrated, the tips of part of the seeds are downwards embedded into the grooves in the surface of the hollow plate, the air pump on the rightmost side is started, the internal pressure of the cavity is smaller than the atmospheric pressure, the seeds embedded into the grooves in the surface of the hollow plate are fixed in the grooves by the atmospheric pressure, automatic righting of a large quantity of seeds is achieved, manual seed righting is replaced, and righting speed is greatly improved; and then, the tip end of the seed is upwards conveyed to the upper part of the incubator just by rotating the hollow plate, so that the posture of the seed is automatically adjusted without manual intervention.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural view of the auxiliary seaweed seedling raising device disclosed in the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a second structure of the seaweed auxiliary seedling raising device disclosed in the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first structure of a seed separation system disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a second structure of the seed separation system disclosed in the sea grass assisted seedling raising device of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a partial structure of a seed separation system disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an exploded view of a partial structure of a seed separation system disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling raising device of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of a water storage tank disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a water tank disclosed in the sea grass assisted seedling raising device of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a seed sowing system disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling raising device of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a partial structural view of a seed sowing system disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a combined structure of a second supporting plate and a dividing strip disclosed by the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a partial structural cross-sectional view of the swing sowing assembly disclosed in the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a partial structural schematic view of a hollow slab disclosed by the sea grass auxiliary seedling device of the invention.
Wherein: 1-bottom frame, 101-first supporting plate, 102-water tank, 103-L-shaped plate, 104-first push rod, 105-U-shaped frame, 106-fishing plate, 107-water storage tank, 108-U-shaped baffle plate, 109-first clapboard, 1010-second clapboard, 1011-first motor, 1012-movable door, 1013-lower pressing bar, 201-second supporting plate, 202-separating bar, 203-air pump, 204-nail-shaped supporting block, 211-second motor, 212-connecting turntable, 213-hollow plate, 214-anti-falling U-shaped bar, 215-arc shell, 216-first inclined plate, 217-second inclined plate, 301-second push rod, 302-bearing plate, 102 a-first water inlet, 102 b-second water inlet, 102 c-sewage outlet, 105 a-protrusion, 106 a-first bearing seat, 106 b-second bearing seat, 106 c-L-shaped limiting rod, 107 a-top, 107 b-water outlet groove, 201 a-annular part, 212 a-air hole, 213 a-first bearing seat, 213 b-second bearing seat, 106 c-L-shaped limiting rod, 107 a-top part, 107 b-water outlet groove, 201 a-annular part, and 213-small air hole.
Detailed Description
The following further describes the technical solution with reference to specific embodiments, and it should be noted that: the words upper, lower, left, right, and the like used herein to indicate orientation are merely for the location of the illustrated structure in the corresponding figures. The serial numbers of the parts are themselves numbered herein, for example: first, second, etc. are used solely to distinguish one from another as to objects described herein, and do not have any sequential or technical meaning. The application states that: the connection and coupling, unless otherwise indicated, include both direct and indirect connections (couplings).
Example 1
An auxiliary seedling raising device for seaweed is shown in figures 1-13 and comprises a base frame 1, a seed separation system and a seed sowing system; the underframe 1 is provided with a seed separation system, and the underframe 1 is provided with a seed sowing system.
The tylicapnos is commonly used for seabed ecological restoration, in order to improve the germination rate, tylicapnos fruits are usually collected manually, the tylicapnos fruits are placed in a container with seawater, the seeds which sink to the bottom are collected after the fruits break, seedlings are cultivated by the seeds, redundant seed coats are generated when the tylicapnos fruits release the seeds, the seed coats float on the water surface, the seed coats are usually fished manually at present, the seed coats can be reduced for breeding because the tylicapnos fruits float on the water surface and are mixed with the seed coats, the problem of distinguishing the fruits from the seed coats can be solved by mechanically fishing the redundant seed coats, if the seed coats and the fruits are fished out together, the seeds which can be bred are reduced, if the seed coats are not fished out completely, bacteria which are rotted and bred can harm the seeds to be cultivated, unpleasant odor can be generated to influence the environment, no machine for removing the seed coats of the tylicapnos exists at present, the invention provides a sea grass auxiliary seedling raising device, an operator puts collected Tailai grass fruits into a seed separation system, waits for the Tailai grass fruits to naturally break, the seeds are naturally deposited at the bottom of the seed separation system, starts the seed separation system, takes out excess seed coats generated by broken fruits and sends the seeds into a seed sowing system, the seed sowing system is matched with a special structure of the seed sowing system through throwing vibration to seeds, so that the tip of the seeds is positioned in a specific orientation, then the seeds are moved to the upper end of the incubator, and the seeds fall on the soil in the incubator under the action of gravity to complete sowing. The seed separation system provided by the invention has the advantages that the redundant seed coats are fished out in a mechanical mode, the seeds are set in a mechanical mode by the seed sowing system, manual labor of people is replaced, the labor efficiency is improved, and a large quantity of tylicapnos can be treated.
The seed separation system comprises a first supporting plate 101, a water tank 102, an L-shaped plate 103, a first push rod 104, a U-shaped frame 105, a fishing plate 106, a water storage tank 107, a U-shaped baffle 108, a first partition plate 109, a second partition plate 1010 and a first motor 1011; the underframe 1 is provided with two first supporting plates 101 which are symmetrically distributed; the two first supporting plates 101 are fixedly connected with the same water tank 102, the water tank 102 is provided with a sewage outlet 102c, the water tank 102 is provided with a first water inlet 102a, and the water tank 102 is provided with a second water inlet 102b; the water tank 102 is fixedly connected with an L-shaped plate 103; the L-shaped plate 103 is fixedly connected with a first push rod 104; the first push rod 104 is fixedly connected with a U-shaped frame 105 at the telescopic part, and the U-shaped frame 105 is fixedly connected with two protruding parts 105a; two U-shaped frames 105 are respectively hinged with a first bearing seat 106a, and a torsion spring is connected between each protruding part 105a and the adjacent first bearing seat 106 a; the two first bearing seats 106a are fixedly connected with a fishing plate 106, and the fishing plate 106 is fixedly connected with two second bearing seats 106b; the fishing plate 106 is fixedly connected with two L-shaped limiting rods 106C, and the two L-shaped limiting rods 106C are both positioned behind the second bearing seat 106b; the two second bearing seats 106b are hinged with a water storage tank 107, a top hole plate 107a is arranged at the upper part of the water storage tank 107, and a water outlet groove 107b is formed in the water storage tank 107; the same U-shaped baffle 108 is fixedly connected between the two second bearing seats 106b; a first partition plate 109 is arranged at the rear part of the water tank 102; a second partition 1010 is arranged at the front part of the water tank 102, and a gap is formed in the left side of the second partition 1010; a first motor 1011 is arranged on the side surface of the water tank 102; the left part of the water tank 102 is rotatably connected with a movable door 1012, and the output shaft of a first motor 1011 is connected with the movable door 1012; a lower pressing strip 1013 is installed on the side surface of the L-shaped plate 103, and the lower pressing strip 1013 is located behind the first push rod 104; the fishing plate 106 moves upwards, the water storage tank 107 is filled with water to press the fishing plate 106, so that the tylosin fruit on the surface of the fishing plate 106 rolls off, the fishing plate 106 moves upwards continuously, the fishing plate 106 deflects towards the other direction by the pressing strip 1013, and at the moment, the water in the water storage tank 107 flows out to wash the seed coats on the surface of the fishing plate 106.
The seed sowing system comprises a negative pressure component and a straightening sowing component; the underframe 1 is connected with two negative pressure components; the two negative pressure components are connected with a positive-swing sowing component.
The negative pressure component comprises a second supporting plate 201, a separating strip 202, an air pump 203 and a nail-shaped supporting block 204; the underframe 1 is fixedly connected with two second supporting plates 201, and the opposite sides of the two second supporting plates 201 are fixedly connected with annular parts 201a; four separating strips 202 are respectively arranged on the opposite sides of the two second supporting plates 201, and one ends of the four separating strips 202 far away from the center of the annular part 201a are fixedly connected with the second supporting plates 201; the two second support plates 201 are respectively provided with three air pumps 203, and air pipes of the three air pumps 203 penetrate through the second support plates 201; a nail-shaped supporting block 204 is fixedly connected with the second supporting plate 201 at the rear part; the second support plate 201 is connected with a seed setting and sowing assembly.
The swing-alignment sowing assembly comprises a second motor 211, a connecting turntable 212, a hollow plate 213, an anti-falling U-shaped strip 214, an arc-shaped shell 215, a first inclined plate 216 and a second inclined plate 217; a second motor 211 is mounted on the second support plate 201 positioned in front; a connecting turntable 212 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second motor 211 in front, and the connecting turntable 212 is matched with four adjacent separating strips 202, a second supporting plate 201 and the output shaft of the second motor 211 to form four sealed isolated spaces; the second supporting plate 201 at the rear is rotatably connected with another connecting turntable 212, and the connecting turntable 212 at the rear is matched with the adjacent separating strip 202, the nail-shaped supporting block 204 and the second supporting plate 201 to form four sealed and isolated spaces; sixteen communicating air holes 212a are formed in each connecting turntable 212, and four groups of communicating air holes 212a are distributed on the connecting turntable 212 in an annular array; four hollow plates 213 are fixedly connected between the two connecting turntables 212 in an annular array manner, a cavity 213a is arranged in each hollow plate 213, the cavity 213a is communicated with the adjacent four communicating air holes 212a, a plurality of conical grooves with inward conical heads are formed in one side plate of each hollow plate 213, and two small air holes 213b are formed in the bottom of each groove; the edge of each hollow plate 213, which is far away from the circle center of the annular part 201a, is fixedly connected with an anti-falling U-shaped strip 214, and a plurality of filter screens are arranged between each anti-falling U-shaped strip 214 and the adjacent hollow plate 213; the nail-shaped supporting block 204 is fixedly connected with an arc-shaped shell 215; the nail-shaped supporting block 204 is fixedly connected with a first inclined plate 216; the nail-shaped supporting block 204 is fixedly connected with a second inclined plate 217.
The incubator lifting system is connected to the underframe 1 and comprises a second push rod 301 and a bearing disc 302; the underframe 1 is provided with a second push rod 301; the second push rod 301 is fixedly connected with a bearing plate 302 at the telescopic part.
The U-shaped frame 105 is elastic so as to reduce the influence of the load change caused by the fishing plate 106 entering the water and leaving the water on the first push rod 104.
The upper surface of the fishing plate 106 is roughened to increase its friction against the seed coat.
The left and right edges of the fishing plate 106 project slightly upward.
The first inclined plate 216 and the second inclined plate 217 are made of a material with a small friction coefficient so as to facilitate the seeds to slide down quickly.
The lower side of the first partition 109 is not in contact with the water tank 102.
When the invention works, the lower end of the movable door 1012 is ensured to be pressed on the bottom surface of the water tank 102, the normal operation of all parts is confirmed, clean seawater is injected into the water tank 102 through the second water inlet 102b to ensure that the water storage tank 107 is completely immersed in water, then the tylosin fruit is put into the water tank 102, specifically between the first partition plate 109 and the second partition plate 1010, and the incubator is put on the bearing plate 302.
The Tailai grass fruits can automatically break to release seeds which sink to the bottom of the water tank 102, and because the bottom is obliquely arranged, a large number of seeds can be concentrated at the junction of the bottom of the water tank 102 and the movable door 1012, when the Tailai grass fruits break, a large number of seed coats can also float on the water surface, the second water inlet 102b is filled with water all the time, the seed coats and the Tailai grass fruits are flushed to one side of the L-shaped plate 103 and stay right above the fishing plate 106, at the moment, the U-shaped frame 105 is driven by the first push rod 104 to pull up the fishing plate 106, in the water, because of the buoyancy of the water storage tank 107 and the effect of the torsion spring, the fishing plate 106 is in a horizontal state, the fruit and the seed coats floating on the water surface can be brought out upwards in the process of moving up the fishing plate 106, when the fishing plate 106 is completely separated from the water surface, because the water storage tank 107 is filled with water, one side of the water storage tank 107 is heavier, the moment of production surpasss the moment of torsional spring for salvage board 106 inclines, L type gag lever post 106C can support U type frame 105 after the slope, salvage board 106 keeps a suitable inclination, remain on salvage board 106 this moment and have the grass fruit of Tailai and seed coat, but because the fruit is more mellow than the seed coat, can roll forward under the action of gravity, fall in second baffle 1010 the place ahead, send into the sea water from first water inlet 102a this moment, make the grass fruit of Tailai washed to the left side by rivers, get back to near the original place from second baffle 1010 breach after that, make unbroken fruit can break in the original place, so that collect seed clearance seed coat, when salvage board 106 inclines, water storage tank 107 leans on U type baffle 108 because of the action of gravity, U type baffle 108 blocks up out basin 107b, make the water of water storage tank 107 can not flow out. When the fishing plate 106 moves upwards continuously and is hindered by the pressing bar 1013, the fishing plate 106 tilts towards the other side, only the seed coats are left on the fishing plate 106 at this time, because the fishing plate 106 tilts and the U-shaped baffle 108 tilts, but the water storage tank 107 is kept upright under the action of gravity, so the U-shaped baffle 108 leaves the water outlet groove 107b, water flows out of the water storage tank 107, the seed coats are flushed to the rear of the first partition 109 along the fishing plate 106 and finally discharged through the sewage outlet 102c, the fishing plate 106 moves upwards and can carry a plurality of seeds, and the seeds can also be flushed to the rear of the first partition 109, and at this time, because the seeds sink heavier than the water, the seeds fall on the inclined plane below and fall to the bottom of the water tank 102 along the inclined plane.
When a large number of seeds are deposited at the bottom of the water tank 102, the second motor 211 is started, one hollow plate 213 is rotated to a horizontal position, then the first motor 1011 is started, the movable door 1012 is opened, water flow rushes a large number of seeds to the hollow plate 213, the movable door 1012 is closed, then the hollow plate 213 is slightly inclined, so that redundant water can flow downwards through a filter screen under the anti-falling U-shaped strip 214 and flow out, the air pump 203 at the rightmost side is started, air enters the cavity 213a from the communication air hole 212a and is sprayed out from the small air hole 213b, and the purpose is to disperse redundant water brought by the seeds and prevent the water from flowing into the cavity 213a.
After the excessive water flows out, the seeds are dried by external drying equipment to reduce the viscosity caused by moisture, the second motor 211 is started to make the seeds swing back and forth, the second motor 211 drives the front connecting turntable 212, the connecting turntable 212 drives the hollow plate 213 to swing back and forth, at the moment, the seeds on the surface of the hollow plate 213 are thrown and vibrated, the tips of part of the seeds are downwards embedded into the grooves on the surface of the hollow plate 213, at the moment, the air pump 203 on the rightmost side is started again, the internal pressure of the cavity 213a is smaller than the atmospheric pressure, at the moment, the seeds embedded into the grooves on the surface of the hollow plate 213 are fixed in the grooves by the atmospheric pressure, the seeds which are not embedded into the grooves cannot be influenced by the back and forth by the vibration of the hollow plate 213, until the seeds are embedded into a certain groove, after a period of time, the grooves on the surface of the hollow plate 213 are fully occupied, however, the surface of the hollow plate 213 has excess seeds, at this time, the reciprocating motion of the second motor 211 is stopped, the hollow plate 213 is rotated counterclockwise from the front to the back, at this time, the excess seeds slide down to the center of rotation but are blocked by the arc-shaped shell 215 and gather at the boundary of the hollow plate 213 and the arc-shaped shell 215, the hollow plate 213 continues to rotate until the seeds pass the upper end of the arc-shaped shell 215, slide down to the first inclined plate 216 and slide down to the second inclined plate 217 along the first inclined plate 216, at this time, the direction of the movement of the seeds rotates ninety degrees, then slide into the next hollow plate 213 from the second inclined plate 217, the seeds are vibrated in the next hollow plate 213, and if the seeds are smoothly inserted into the groove of the next hollow plate 213, the seeds move along with the hollow plate 213, otherwise, the above-mentioned process is repeated again.
The seeds moving along with the hollow plate 213 are all the seeds embedded in the groove of the hollow plate 213, the tips of the seeds face the hollow plate 213, and as the hollow plate 213 rotates gradually, the air pump 203 corresponding to the cavity 213a is changed from the rightmost air pump 203 to the middle air pump 203, because the hollow plate 213 is close to vertical at this time, and in order to avoid the seeds from being separated, the middle air pump 203 can provide larger negative pressure, so that the seeds are adsorbed on the surface of the hollow plate 213.
The hollow plate 213 continues to rotate until the seeds rotate one hundred eighty degrees relative to the initial position, at this time, the tips of the seeds gradually face upwards, the air pump 203 corresponding to the cavity 213a is the leftmost air pump 203, because the stable force for ensuring the seeds is provided by the cavity 213a at this time, the negative pressure of the cavity 213a at this time is gradually increased until the seeds are positioned right above the incubator, the tips of the seeds just face upwards at this time, then the second push rod 301 is controlled to be started, so that the incubator ascends to be close to the seeds, the air is pumped into the leftmost air pump 203, the cavity 213a is reduced due to pressure difference, the seeds fall in the incubator under the action of gravity, the second push rod 301 is started, the incubator is lowered, and then the incubator is manually taken out.
It should be noted that, during the rotation of the hollow plate 213, the cavity 213a is connected to the space enclosed by the second supporting plate 201 through the communicating air hole 212a and the connecting turntable 212, while the space enclosed by the connecting turntable 212 and the second supporting plate 201 located at the front is divided into four small spaces by the output shaft of the second motor 211 and the four separating bars 202, the air pump 203 at the leftmost side is connected to the small space at the leftmost side, the air pump 203 at the uppermost side is connected to the small space at the rightmost side, the communicating air hole 212a passes through different small spaces, the air pressure in the cavity 213a is controlled by different air pumps 203, the space enclosed by the connecting turntable 212 and the second supporting plate 201 located at the rear is divided into four small spaces by the nail-shaped supporting block 204 and the four separating bars 202, and the communication condition of each small space with the air pump 203 is similar to that described above.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. An auxiliary seaweed seedling raising device comprises a bottom frame (1); the device is characterized by also comprising a seed separation system and a seed sowing system; the bottom frame (1) is provided with a seed separation system, and the bottom frame (1) is provided with a seed sowing system; the seed separation system is used for separating seed coats floating on water and collecting seeds sinking into the water to one position; the seed planting system is used for righting seeds into a tip-up posture and enabling the seeds to fall into an incubator.
2. The seaweed auxiliary seedling raising device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the seed separation system comprises a first supporting plate (101), a water tank (102), an L-shaped plate (103), a first push rod (104), a U-shaped frame (105), a fishing plate (106), a water storage tank (107), a U-shaped baffle (108), a first partition plate (109), a second partition plate (1010) and a first motor (1011); two first supporting plates (101) which are symmetrically distributed are installed on the bottom frame (1); the two first supporting plates (101) are fixedly connected with the same water tank (102), the water tank (102) is provided with a sewage outlet (102 c), the water tank (102) is provided with a first water inlet (102 a), and the water tank (102) is provided with a second water inlet (102 b); the water tank (102) is fixedly connected with an L-shaped plate (103); the L-shaped plate (103) is fixedly connected with a first push rod (104); the telescopic part of the first push rod (104) is fixedly connected with a U-shaped frame (105), and the U-shaped frame (105) is fixedly connected with two protruding parts (105 a); the two U-shaped frames (105) are respectively movably connected with a first bearing seat (106 a), and a torsion spring is connected between each protruding part (105 a) and the adjacent first bearing seat (106 a); the two first bearing seats (106 a) are fixedly connected with a fishing plate (106), and the fishing plate (106) is fixedly connected with two second bearing seats (106 b); the fishing plate (106) is fixedly connected with two L-shaped limiting rods (106C), and the two L-shaped limiting rods (106C) are both positioned behind the second bearing block (106 b); the two second bearing seats (106 b) are movably connected with a water storage tank (107), a top hole plate (107 a) is installed at the upper part of the water storage tank (107), and a water outlet groove (107 b) is formed in the water storage tank (107); the same U-shaped baffle (108) is fixedly connected between the two second bearing seats (106 b); a first clapboard (109) is arranged at the rear part of the water tank (102); a second partition plate (1010) is arranged at the front part of the water tank (102), and a gap is formed in the left side of the second partition plate (1010); a first motor (1011) is arranged on the side surface of the water tank (102); the left part of the water tank (102) is rotatably connected with a movable door (1012), and the output shaft of a first motor (1011) is connected with the movable door (1012); a lower pressing strip (1013) is arranged on the side surface of the L-shaped plate (103), and the lower pressing strip (1013) is positioned behind the first push rod (104); the salvaging plate (106) is used for salvaging the seed coat floating on the water surface; the water storage tank (107) is used for storing water to wash the seed coats on the surface of the fishing plate (106) and can play a role of weight counterbalance; the top pore plate (107 a) is used for blocking sundries when the water storage tank (107) is filled with water; the lower pressing strip (1013) is used for pressing down the fishing plate (106).
3. The auxiliary seaweed seedling raising device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the seed sowing system comprises a negative pressure component and a straightening sowing component; two negative pressure components are connected to the underframe (1); the two negative pressure components are connected with a positive-swing sowing component; the aligning and sowing assembly is used for placing seeds into a special posture so as to facilitate planting; the negative pressure assembly is used for avoiding accidental falling of the seeds in the seed straightening process and improving the seed straightening efficiency.
4. A seaweed auxiliary seedling raising device according to claim 3, characterized in that the negative pressure component comprises a second support plate (201), a separation strip (202), an air pump (203) and a nail-shaped support block (204); two second supporting plates (201) are fixedly connected to the underframe (1), and annular parts (201 a) are fixedly connected to opposite sides of the two second supporting plates (201); four separating strips (202) are respectively arranged on the opposite sides of the two second supporting plates (201), and one ends of the four separating strips (202) far away from the center of the annular part (201 a) are fixedly connected with the second supporting plates (201); three air pumps (203) are respectively arranged on the two second supporting plates (201), and air pipes of the three air pumps (203) penetrate through the second supporting plates (201); a nail-shaped supporting block (204) is fixedly connected with the second supporting plate (201) at the rear part; the second supporting plate (201) is connected with a straightening and sowing assembly; the separating strip (202) is used for separating an inner space surrounded by the annular part (201 a) and forming four sealing and isolating areas; the nail-shaped supporting block (204) is used for supporting the aligning and sowing assembly.
5. The seaweed auxiliary seedling raising device as claimed in claim 4, wherein the arrangement seeding assembly comprises a second motor (211), a connecting turntable (212), a hollow plate (213), a falling-preventing U-shaped strip (214), an arc-shaped shell (215), a first inclined plate (216) and a second inclined plate (217); a second motor (211) is arranged on the second support plate (201) positioned in front; a connecting turntable (212) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second motor (211) in front, and the connecting turntable (212) is matched with four adjacent separating strips (202), a second supporting plate (201) and the output shaft of the second motor (211) to form four sealed isolation spaces; the second supporting plate (201) at the rear is rotatably connected with another connecting turntable (212), and the connecting turntable (212) at the rear is matched with the adjacent separating strips (202), the nail-shaped supporting blocks (204) and the second supporting plate (201) to form four sealed isolated spaces; sixteen communicating air holes (212 a) are formed in each connecting turntable (212), every four communicating air holes (212 a) form a group, and four groups of the communicating air holes are distributed on the connecting turntables (212) in an annular array; four hollow plates (213) are fixedly connected between the two connecting turntables (212) in an annular array manner, a cavity (213 a) is arranged in each hollow plate (213), the cavity (213 a) is communicated with four adjacent communicating air holes (212 a), a side plate of each hollow plate (213) is provided with a plurality of conical grooves with inward conical heads, and the bottom of each groove is provided with two small air holes (213 b); the edge of each hollow plate (213) far away from the circle center of the annular part (201 a) is fixedly connected with anti-falling U-shaped strips (214), and a plurality of filter screens are arranged between each anti-falling U-shaped strip (214) and the adjacent hollow plate (213); the nail-shaped supporting block (204) is fixedly connected with an arc-shaped shell (215); the nail-shaped supporting block (204) is fixedly connected with a first inclined plate (216); the nail-shaped supporting block (204) is fixedly connected with a second inclined plate (217); the connecting turntable (212) is used for supporting the hollow plate (213) to rotate, and the front connecting turntable (212), the front second supporting plate (201), the separating strip (202) and the output shaft nail-shaped supporting block (204) of the second motor (211) form four small closed spaces for providing negative pressure; the rear connecting rotary disc (212), the rear second supporting plate (201), the separating strip (202) and the nail-shaped supporting block (204) are arranged; the communication air hole (212 a) is used for communicating the cavity (213 a) with a space surrounded by the annular part (201 a) and the connecting turntable (212); the connection dial (212) is supported by the annular part (201 a) when rotating.
6. The seaweed auxiliary seedling raising device as claimed in claim 5, further comprising an incubator lifting system, wherein the underframe (1) is connected with the incubator lifting system, and the incubator lifting system comprises a second push rod (301) and a bearing plate (302); a second push rod (301) is arranged on the underframe (1); the telescopic part of the second push rod (301) is fixedly connected with a bearing disc (302); the incubator lifting system is used to lift the incubator closer to the hollow core (213).
7. A seaweed auxiliary raising device according to claim 2, characterized in that the U-shaped frame (105) is resilient to reduce the influence of load variations caused by the fishing plate (106) entering the water leaving the water on the first pushing rod (104).
8. A seaweed seedling raising assisting device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the upper surface of the fishing plate (106) is roughened to increase its friction against the seed coats.
9. A seaweed auxiliary raising device according to claim 2, characterized in that the left and right edges of the fishing plate (106) are slightly raised upward.
10. A seaweed seedling raising assisting device according to claim 2, characterized in that the lower side of the first partition (109) is not in contact with the water tank (102).
CN202211270475.3A 2022-10-18 Supplementary device of growing seedlings of seaweed Active CN115669520B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202211270475.3A CN115669520B (en) 2022-10-18 Supplementary device of growing seedlings of seaweed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202211270475.3A CN115669520B (en) 2022-10-18 Supplementary device of growing seedlings of seaweed

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN115669520A true CN115669520A (en) 2023-02-03
CN115669520B CN115669520B (en) 2024-05-03

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2939806B1 (en) * 1998-08-05 1999-08-25 有限会社 いづみや農園 Seeding machine
CN104541678A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 浙江海洋学院 Method for performing seaweed sowing on seabed
CN208095382U (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-11-16 四川中科水务科技有限公司 Ecology submerged plant lawn device for raising seedlings
CN110338051A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-18 自然资源部第四海洋研究所 A kind of sea grass is cultivated and transplantation device and method
CN111492966A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-07 海南热带海洋学院 Seedling growing method for tylophora

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2939806B1 (en) * 1998-08-05 1999-08-25 有限会社 いづみや農園 Seeding machine
CN104541678A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 浙江海洋学院 Method for performing seaweed sowing on seabed
CN208095382U (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-11-16 四川中科水务科技有限公司 Ecology submerged plant lawn device for raising seedlings
CN110338051A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-10-18 自然资源部第四海洋研究所 A kind of sea grass is cultivated and transplantation device and method
CN111492966A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-07 海南热带海洋学院 Seedling growing method for tylophora

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