CN106179945B - A kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting - Google Patents

A kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106179945B
CN106179945B CN201610530783.3A CN201610530783A CN106179945B CN 106179945 B CN106179945 B CN 106179945B CN 201610530783 A CN201610530783 A CN 201610530783A CN 106179945 B CN106179945 B CN 106179945B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
righting
cleaning
cutting
onion
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201610530783.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106179945A (en
Inventor
朱代根
殷昕
张存猛
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Southwest Forestry University
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Southwest Forestry University
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Publication of CN106179945A publication Critical patent/CN106179945A/en
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Publication of CN106179945B publication Critical patent/CN106179945B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/08Devices for topping or skinning onions or flower bulbs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0608Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form by pushers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N2015/008Sorting of fruit and vegetables

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of processing of farm products production line, a kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting is made of the sieve apparatus that shakes, the first conveying equipment, cleaning equipment, the second conveying equipment, screening installation and cutting equipment, wherein:The shake end of sieve apparatus is connected to the beginning of the first conveying equipment, the end of first conveying equipment is connected to the feeding end of cleaning equipment, the discharge end of cleaning equipment connects the beginning of the second conveying equipment, the end of second conveying equipment is connected to the feed inlet of screening installation, screening installation includes multiple discharge ends, several cutting equipments are installed in below discharge end.This production cable architecture is simplified, scientific and reasonable small and exquisite, has cleaning efficiency height, cleaning degree high;Sorting is shaken, and sieved Cheng Wending, amplitude are uniform, screening efficiency is high, outstanding effect comprehensively with high accuracy, and have cutting high efficiency, the effect that cutting accuracy is high, cutting is smooth, to improve the working efficiency of production line on the whole.

Description

A kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of processing of farm products production line, specially a kind of onion sieve cleaning, transport, sorting, cutting are used Integrated machining production line.
Background technology
Onion worldwide has a wide range of cultivated area, world's onion yield to be only second to tomato, account for about the world The 10% of vegetables total amount, resource are extremely abundant.China is currently the world's largest onion producing country, and annual output has reached 18,500,000 Ton, China is mainly based on fresh food, and onion deep processing is still in the starting stage, and the ratio that processing total amount accounts for total output is not high, at Cover that automatic onion machining production line kind is more rare, with the continuous rising of manual labor's cost and living standards of the people After stepping up, onion class deep processed product demand will constantly rise, and onion process equipment industry will welcome huge hair Open up opportunity.In current onion processing industry, harvest onion after need to onion carry out soil go onal etc. clean work, then will Onion needs head classification by size after cleaning, then cut the working process of the next step of slice etc.;Traditional onion adds In work, by manually being cleaned, classifying, cutting, not only efficiency is low, takes time and effort, and increases cost, and be not suitable for onion The integrated working process of the successional progress of mass;
Processing to onion, it is necessary first to onion be cleaned, however traditional onion cleaning equipment is hairbrush Cleaning machine, since onion is more thin soft, hairbrush cleaning is more serious to the damage of onion, has aggravated the screening operation after cleaning, And larger waste is caused, onion belongs to herbaceous plant, and plant is shorter, fruit delicacy succulence, these result in it and hold Easily invaded by pest and disease damage and microorganism.Therefore, during planting onion, pesticide is commonly used.These pesticides, fertilizer with And germ etc., it is easy to be attached on the coarse surface of mushroom, if do not washed clean clearly, it is likely that cause diarrhea or even pesticide Poisoning, therefore, there is also an issue using hairbrush-cleaning machine, inadequate with the soaking time and flushing dose of water, lead to cleaning not Enough abundant, cleaning performance is bad;
Traditional onion sieves work, and people commonly use large-scale screen tray screening, therefore the onion rank sub-elected is not smart enough Carefully, grade scale not enough refines, and causes the individual difference after classification still larger, if increasing the mesh number rank of screen tray, can make At taking up a large area, process is various, not only takes time and effort, and it is low to also cause working efficiency, increases labour cost;
The processing cutting of onion is usually to cut off the part of onion bulb and root, leaves onion main body, obtains onion raw material, Traditional cutting processing process carries out operation progress by artificial or individual equipment, takes time and effort, and increases cost of labor and effect Rate is relatively low;
Therefore, for onion manufacture field, being badly in need of one kind having efficient, practical, accurate effective production line, Reach integration apparatus, to improve onion processing efficiency.
Invention content
For the above-mentioned prior art the problem of and deficiency, the present invention, which provides one kind, can be dusted soil, fortune Production run equipment that is defeated, cleaning, sort, cutting off a series of manufacturing procedure realizes full automatic treatment, saves artificial labor Power improves working efficiency, the invention is realized in this way:The integrated machining production line of a kind of onion cleaning sorting cutting, by shaking Sieve apparatus (1), the first conveying equipment (2), cleaning equipment (3), the second conveying equipment (4), screening installation (5) and cutting equipment (6) it constitutes, wherein:The shake end of sieve apparatus (1) is connected to the beginning of the first conveying equipment (2), the end of the first conveying equipment (2) End is connected to the feeding ends of cleaning equipment (3), and the discharge end of cleaning equipment (3) connects the beginning of the second conveying equipment (4), and second The end of conveying equipment (4) is connected to the feed inlet of screening installation (5), and screening installation (5) includes multiple discharge ends, several Cutting equipment (6) is installed in below discharge end.
Further, the cleaning equipment (3) includes cleaning machine frame (31), is placed in cleaning machine frame (31) and is equipped with cleaning rolling Cylinder (32), feeding chute (33) and priming apparatus, power plant (34) are placed in cleaning machine frame (31) side, and cleaning roller (32) has There are open front (35) and after-opening (36), cleaning roller (32) to be horizontally placed in cleaning machine frame (31) by the direction of front and back opening, Power plant (34) is connected to cleaning roller (32) and priming apparatus, and priming apparatus is placed in above feeding chute (33) and is mended Water, feeding chute (33) lower section extend into the after-opening (36) of cleaning roller (32), cleaning roller (32) alternate internal distribution There are several glue sticks (37) for being vertically oriented to cleaning roller (32) rolling axis, also divides on the inner surface of the cleaning roller (32) Several plectrums (38) are furnished with, several plectrums (38) are by identical the inclining for being not parallel to cleaning roller (32) shaft axis direction Tilted direction and angle are horizontally placed on cleaning roller (32) inner surface.
Further, the priming apparatus includes water tank (39), water pump (391), water pipe (392), discharging device (393), Water tank (39) is placed in below cleaning machine frame (31), and water pump (391) is placed in cleaning machine frame (31), and water tank (39) passes through water pipe (392) it is connected to water pump (391), water pump (391) is connected to the water outlet dress being placed in above feeding chute (33) by water pipe (392) It sets (393), the feeding chute (33) is that mouth is narrow under upper mouth width, obliquely extends to the after-opening (36) of cleaning roller (32) Interior, feeding chute (33) both sides are equipped with baffle (40), and the discharging device (393), which is placed in above feeding chute (33), is fixed on clearly On washing machine frame (31), discharging device (393) laterally covers the suitable for reading of feeding chute (33) and is uniformly discharged.
Further, the screening installation (5) includes chassis (51), shakes and sieve spring (52), vibrating motor (53), rack (54), the bottom of mesh sieve plate (55), directing plate (56), feed opening (57), the rack (54) passes through several sieve springs that shake (52) connection is placed on chassis (51), and vibrating motor (53) is placed in above rack (54), is equipped with from top to bottom in rack (54) If dried layer mesh sieve plate (55), the end of mesh sieve plate (55) is all connected with respective directing plate (56), directing plate (56) End is in pointed shape, and the end of directing plate (56) offers corresponding feed opening (57), on the mesh sieve plate (55) uniformly Several sieve pores (58) are distributed with, sieve pore (58) aperture on every layer of mesh sieve plate (55) is identical, and mesh sieve plate (55) is from upper layer To the internal diameter hierarchal arrangement installation from big to small successively of every layer of sieve pore of lowest level (58), the mesh sieve plate (55) and directing plate (56) beginning terminad direction tilts down.
Further, in the rack (54) by munnion (541), crossbeam (543), horizontal frame (542), side plate (544) and after Plate (545) is constituted, and two pieces of side plates (544) are opposite and right, and mesh sieve plate (55) is placed between two pieces of side plates (544), back plate (545) it is placed in mesh sieve plate (55) rear side side and is separately connected two pieces of side plates (544) and constitute box, several munnions (541) are solid Due on the outside shorter side and middle part plate face of side plate (544), several horizontal frames (542) are fixed on two up and down of side plate (544) In long side and connect corresponding munnion (541), the fixed horizontal frame (542) being horizontally placed on both side plate (544) of several crossbeams (543) Between, wherein there is the parallel centre for being horizontally placed on two horizontal frames (542) of two crossbeams (543) and vibration electricity is fixedly mounted in the middle Machine (53).
Further, the munnion (541) extends downwardly, and the bottom of every munnion (541) is by being fastened on The sieve spring (52) that shakes on chassis (51) is placed on chassis (51), and every layer of end feed opening (57) of the directing plate (56) is equal It is interlaced embedding to open distribution.
Further, the cutting equipment (6) includes casing (610) and the delivery device that is placed in casing (610) (620), cutting agency (630), righting guiding mechanism (640) and cutting mechanism (650), delivery device (620) connect blanking machine Structure (630) is placed in below, and delivery device (620) connects righting guiding mechanism (640), and righting guiding mechanism (640) is internal Cutting mechanism (650) is installed.
Further, the delivery device (620) includes cylinder (621), piston rod (622), push plate (623), cylinder (621) it is fixed on casing (610), cylinder (621) connects piston rod (622), and the end of piston rod (622) connects push plate (623);The cutting agency (630) includes feed hopper (631), piston door-plate (632), piston tension spring (633), feed hopper (631) it is in be placed on casing (610) to taper, the plate face of the lower opening contact piston door-plate (632) of feed hopper (631) is living The bottom surface connection delivery device (620) of cock plate (632) is connected on the front surface of piston door-plate (632) or side and is mounted on Piston tension spring (633) on casing (610).
Further, the righting guiding mechanism (640) includes that righting connecting rod (641), righting idler wheel (642), righting are led Bar (643), is oriented to briquetting (645), righting guide card (646), guide roller (647) and righting tension spring (648) at righting guide plate (644), Two righting connecting rods (641), which are fixed on casing (610) inner roof wall to extend downward, fixes righting idler wheel (642), righting idler wheel (642) the push direction of face delivery device (620), two righting guide rods (643) are fixed on casing (610) inner bottom wall upper edge The push direction of delivery device (620) extends and spacing gradually reduces, and the end of two righting guide rods (643) is fixed on machine to court Two pieces of righting guide plates (644) on shell (610) madial wall, two pieces of righting guide plates (644) are opposite and stood to horizontal, righting guide plate (644) top is equipped with the guiding briquetting (645) being fixed on casing (610) inner roof wall;, two righting guide rods (643) Beginning be separately installed with parallel guide roller (647), guide roller (647), which is all connected with, is each secured to casing (610) interior bottom Righting tension spring (648) on wall;The righting guide plate (644) is divided towards the push direction one end both sides of delivery device (620) A pair of righting guide card (646) along the symmetrical rectangular triangle in push direction is not installed;The bevel edge of righting guide card (646) It is opposite up and down.
Further, the cutting mechanism (650) includes cutting motor (651), cutting blade (652), cutting motor (651) it is horizontally placed on the outside of righting guide plate (644), cutting motor (651) connects two panels cutting blade (652), two panels cutting blade (652) righting guide plate (644) inside is placed in respectively close to the righting guide plate (644) of both sides but does not contact righting guide plate (644);Institute State the wheel face of righting idler wheel (642) two are lateral intermediate gradually by thick thinning, and the outside of two pieces of righting guide plates (644) is logical It crosses several compression springs (653) to be connected on the madial wall of casing (610), where righting guide card (646) towards delivery device (620) Direction is flared out.
The operation principle introduction of the present invention:The integrated machining production line of a kind of onion cleaning sorting cutting, by the ocean of harvesting To the sieve apparatus that shakes (1), the sieve apparatus that shakes (1) plays vibration, transport for green onion blanking, sieves epidermis, impurity, the soil etc. for taking off onion, and will Onion is transported to conveying equipment, and the first conveying equipment (2) is to rise material conveyer belt, and onion material is delivered in cleaning equipment (3) It is cleaned up, the second conveying equipment (4) is fallen into after the completion of cleaning, the second conveying equipment (4) is that have to rise material, water filtering function Transmission device, onion material is delivered to the feed end of screening installation (5), onion material enter screening installation (5) press afterwards it is big The difference of small is sieved, and sorting discharges at the different several sizes of different sizes to cutting equipment (6), completion pair The cutting of onion reaches the processing purpose of production line, improves work efficiency, saves manpower.
When in use, onion material pours into feeding chute (33) to cleaning equipment (3) by the first conveying equipment (2) from eminence It is interior, the clear water in priming apparatus is touched in the feeding chute (33), and along with clear water, onion material is from feeding chute (33) after-opening (36) of cleaning roller (32) is slid into, that is, cleans roller (32) inside, cleaning roller (32) is in power plant (34) it is rotated in cleaning machine frame (31) after the rotational power provided, to drive the rolling in cleaning roller (32) of onion material Agitation will not cause to damage since glue stick (37) is flexible material to onion epidermis and surface layer pulp, but clean roller (32) between the onion and onion in, between onion and inner wall of rotary drum, between onion and glue stick (37), between onion and water phase, Phase mutual friction and collision achieve the effect that cleaning until onion reaches peeling and cleaning requires, not with traditional hairbrush-cleaning machine Together, while cleaning, onion material is also impregnated and is stirred with clear water, can adequately reach cleaning performance, moreover it is possible to go Except the harmful substance of onion surface layer attachment, reach cleaning and clean purpose, effect is all good;It cleans on the inner surface of roller (32) Also it is distributed with several plectrums (38), several plectrums (38) are by being not parallel to the identical of cleaning roller (32) shaft axis direction Inclined direction and angle be horizontally placed on cleaning roller (32) inner surface on.Only lean on glue stick (37) is for stirring for onion material Inadequate, and glue stick (37) is difficult agitation water body, only by cleaning roller (32) rotation of itself, it is difficult to reach optimal cleaning effect And cleaning efficiency, therefore, in addition after plectrum (38), plectrum (38) can be good at carrying out water body and onion material in rotation The effective effect for stirring rolling, strengthens material and material, material and glue stick (37), CONTACT WITH FRICTION of the material between water body Efficiency, to be effectively increased cleaning performance and cleaning efficiency;Priming apparatus includes water tank (39), water pump (391), water pipe (392), discharging device (393), water tank (39) are placed in below cleaning machine frame (31), and water pump (391) is placed in cleaning machine frame (31), Water tank (39), which by water pipe (392) is connected to water pump (391) water pump (391) and is connected to by water pipe (392), is placed in feeding chute (33) discharging device (393) above.The feeding chute (33) is that mouth is narrow under upper mouth width, obliquely extends to cleaning roller (32) in after-opening (36), feeding chute (33) both sides are equipped with baffle (40).The discharging device (393) is placed in feeding chute (33) top is fixed in cleaning machine frame (31), and discharging device (393) laterally covers the suitable for reading of feeding chute (33) and uniformly goes out Water.Water pump (391), which takes out clear water toward top from water tank (39), enters discharging device (393), and discharging device (393) is placed in a high position, Water can be sent to and be higher by again from whereabouts is higher by, there are one the releases of potential energy for tool so that flow can be rinsed with certain speed Onto onion surface, discharging device (393) is suitable for reading equally long with feeding chute (33) so that feeding chute (33) entire cross section It can be covered by flow, reach the maximization of cleaning area so that onion fully contacts with flow, increases cleaning efficiency and clear Degree of washing, onion enter cleaning roller (32) after being immersed in clear water, are finally reached optimal cleaning effect, and cleaning is completed, and stop clear Roller (32) rotation is washed, onion and water are poured out into rear drainage from the open front (35) of cleaning roller (32), the ocean after being cleaned Green onion.Therefore, cleaning equipment (3) will not damage the pulp surface layer of onion, moreover it is possible to which the harmful substance for removing the attachment of onion surface layer reaches Cleaning and clean purpose, and all good effect high with cleaning efficiency, cleaning degree is high, the reasonable science of structure of the invention, build It is small and exquisite.
It cleans the onion material completed to transport to screening installation (5) by the second conveying equipment (4), rack (54) is being vibrated In the vibration for doing dipping and heaving on sieve spring (52) of shaking under the vibration of motor (53), it is first afterwards that onion material enters screening installation (5) Choosing is fallen on first layer mesh sieve plate (55), under the action of vibration, since mesh sieve plate (55) has the inclined gradient, is started It is moved to inclined direction, during which by the sieve pore (58) being distributed on mesh sieve plate (55), due to the sieve pore (58) of top layer Aperture is maximum, and therefore, the onion material that most diameter is less than top layer's sieve pore (58) aperture is fallen into down from sieve pore (58) One layer of mesh sieve plate (55), the onion material not fallen to go down continue to enter in directing plate (56) along the mesh sieve plate (55) of top layer It rolls towards feed opening (57), is flowed out from feed opening (57);Sieve pore (58) aperture of the mesh sieve plate (55) of the second layer is less than first Sieve pore (58) aperture of layer, material continue to repeat work originally on the first layer on second layer mesh sieve plate (55) --- and it will The small onion material continuation of head weeds out downwards, can not be by the material of second layer mesh sieve plate (55) from the directing plate of the second layer (56) feed opening (57) for entering the second layer, completes the screening of the second level, into the onion object of third layer mesh sieve plate (55) Material continues to repeat above-mentioned screening operation, until last layer of mesh sieve plate (55), the different heads for screening out different sizes are big Small onion material and unified classification, achieve the purpose that sort size;
Munnion (541), horizontal frame (542) and crossbeam (543) are interconnected to constitute what side plate (544) and back plate (545) were formed The outer skeleton of babinet, increases its intensity, munnion (541) and horizontal frame (542) be along side plate (544) back plate (545) arris into Row connection covering, forms the support and protection of crucial stress point, has ensured stability of the rack (54) in vibration, and allow it Integration so that mesh sieve plate (55) can in vibration uniform force, whole amplitude is consistent, improves the screening stability of equipment Can, the efficiency of screening is improved, equipment quality can be also increased, to ensure the service life of equipment;It is shaken by munnion (541) connection Sieve spring (52) so that munnion (541) is effect supporting point in the sieve spring (52) that shakes, and reaches the optimum efficiency of vibration, protects simultaneously Hindered vibration predominant intermolecular forces born by munnion (541), by munnion (541) be dispersed to horizontal frame (542), crossbeam (543) and Mesh sieve plate (55) can ensure the whole stress in vibration equipment, reach shake sieve vibration frequency it is integrally consistent, reach and most preferably shake Dynamic effect and uniform force degree;
Onion material after sorting needs to be collected blanking respectively, due to reasonable for structure rigorous, the whole knot of this equipment Structure is more close, in order to reach the reasonable words size of equipment, reduces floor space and avoids complicated huge structure design, be based on Directing plate (56) end feed opening (57) position staggered designs are avoided levels and drawn by the original intention that overall structure simplifies design The problem of station overlapping generated between guide plate (56) when blanking is collected, so as to be carried out at the same time levels directing plate (56) On material be collected simultaneously or working process, can will also from structure so that be not necessarily to too big interval between directing plate (56) Screening installation (5) is accomplished to minimize, and reaches structure and simplifies, scientific and reasonable small and exquisite, reduces the excellent effect that floor space saves resource Fruit;
Sorting production equipment is simplified with structure, scientific and reasonable small and exquisite, is reduced floor space and is saved resource, and with stabilization Vibration stress architecture design so that shaking, sieved Cheng Wending, amplitude are uniform, screening efficiency is high, excellent results with high accuracy.
After onion after sorting enters in cutting equipment (6) immediately, under the action of delivery device (620) so that onion Material working by single orderly whereabouts, push at the uniform velocity in cutting agency (630), avoids and multiple onion objects occurs Material heap manufactures into the problems such as cutting mouth blocking or cutting part entanglement, and righting guiding mechanism (640) can turn over the individual for selecting onion The onion material for adjusting correct orientation is delivered to cutting mechanism (650) by position, has ensured the standard of cutting part when cutting Exactness so that the onion sheet standard cut is unified, improves yield rate and cutting efficiency;
In the course of work, cylinder (621) drives piston rod (622) to do stretching motion repeatedly, when piston rod (622) are stretched out When drive push plate (623) travel forward, the onion material in the station is promoted, next station is pushed to, works as work When stopper rod (622) bounces back, the piston door-plate (632) below feed hopper (631) can be made to open so that one piece of onion falls into push plate (623) at the station in front of, when piston rod (622) pushes again, the piston door-plate below feed hopper (631) is closed (632), forbid other onions fall, to realized during repeatedly onion material it is orderly it is single fall, push Work, piston tension spring (633) is for fixed and return piston door-plate (632);
Onion material is pushed to righting guiding mechanism (640), and onion material initially enters the bar position of righting guide rod (643) On, upper contact is to righting idler wheel (642) during push for onion material, if when onion bulb (green onion tooth) court of onion On, then righting idler wheel (642) can be touched, forces onion bulb that must topple over from the side in the both sides of righting idler wheel (642), and And keep onion bulb in the direction rolls forward of side, pass through righting guide rod (643) and has been pressed into righting guide plate (644) and guiding Among the limit channels that block (645) is formed so that onion can be into horizontal deflection and thoroughly in place according to stress condition, reaches cutting institute The position angle needed;
It can be with minimum resistance when onion individual contacts guide roller (647) under the push effect of delivery device (620) Force effect is advanced into towards push direction in righting guide rod (643) along guide roller (647), and when onion individual accidentally quilt occurs After delivery device (620) pushes away askew situation, onion is known from experience being deflected back to by Impact direction under the action of righting tension spring (648) Onto the direction of advance of righting guide rod (643), plays the role of ensureing that onion is rolled by predetermined direction, improve righting and guiding Accuracy and precision;
Righting guide card (646) is used to onion being uniformly collected to entrance and the guarantor of limit channels from possible all directions Required rotating direction is held, location efficiency and positioning accuracy are improved;
Although the onion cut is the same level-one size by sub-electing, individual difference still remains, often When the individual of piece onion is different, the righting guide card (646) of opening can play the guide effect for collecting collection, righting guide plate (644) It is kept balancing by compression spring (653) active force, after the onion having differences individually enters in righting guide card (646), compression spring (653) it can play the role of adjusting the gap between righting guide card (646) and pressure, avoid and onion occur and block, accumulate and block up The problems such as plug, cuts work suitable for the onion of variously-shaped size to meet cutter device, improves the cutting efficiency of equipment With cutting accuracy and the smooth smooth performance of cutting equipment (6) is ensured, to improve the working efficiency of production line on the whole.
It, will into the effect by cutting blade (652) during the onion rolls forward between righting guide plate (644) Both ends (onion tooth, onion root) are cut off, that is, complete the cutting processing of onion;
In conclusion a kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting provided by the invention, has following excellent Point:
(1) cleaning equipment will not damage the pulp surface layer of onion by the utilization of glue stick, rinse and can go by water body stirring Except the harmful substance of onion surface layer attachment, reach cleaning and clean purpose, and high all good of, cleaning degree high with cleaning efficiency Effect.
(2) the entire production line structure is simplified, scientific and reasonable small and exquisite, is reduced floor space and is saved resource, and with stabilization Vibrate the architecture design of stress so that shaking, sieved Cheng Wending, amplitude are uniform, screening efficiency is high, excellent results with high accuracy.
(3) cutting equipment during repeatedly by realizing the orderly single whereabouts of onion material, the work of push; Righting mechanism makes onion into horizontal deflection and thoroughly in place according to stress condition, reaches the position angle needed for cutting;It avoids Occur onion block, accumulated plugging the problems such as, to meet the onion cutter that cutter device is suitable for variously-shaped size Make, improves the accuracy and precision of righting and guiding;The cutting efficiency and cutting accuracy of raising equipment have simultaneously ensured that cutting is set Standby smooth smooth performance, to improve the working efficiency of production line on the whole.
(4) the reasonable science of structure of the invention, build is small and exquisite, realizes the integrated flow line production of onion working process.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure connection diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the dimensional structure diagram of onion cleaning equipment;
Fig. 3 is cleaning drums inside structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the side view of onion cleaning equipment.
Fig. 5 is the structure connection diagram of screening installation;
Fig. 6 is the side view of screening installation;
Fig. 7 is the side upward view of screening installation;
Fig. 8 is the dimensional structure diagram of cutting equipment;
Fig. 9 is the internal structure schematic diagram of cutting equipment;
Figure 10 is the internal structure schematic diagram of cutting equipment;
Wherein:1-shake sieve apparatus, the 2-the first conveying equipment, 3-cleaning equipments, the 4-the second conveying equipment, 5-sorting Equipment, 6-cutting equipments, 7-onion main bodys, 8-onion bulbs, 9-onion roots, 31-cleaning machine frames, 32-cleaning rollers, 33-feeding chutes, 34-power plants, 35-open fronts, 36-after-openings, 37-glue sticks, 38-plectrums, 39-water tanks, 391-water pumps, 392-water pipes, 393-discharging devices, 40-baffles, 51-chassis, 52-, which shake, sieves spring, 53-vibration electricity Machine, 54-racks, 55-mesh sieve plates, 56-directing plates, 57-feed openings, 541-munnions, 543-crossbeams, 542-horizontal frames, 544-side plates, 545-back plates, 610-casings, 620-delivery devices, 630-cutting agencies, 640-righting guiding mechanisms, 650-cutting mechanisms, 621-cylinders, 622-piston rods, 623-push plates, 631-feed hoppers, 632-piston door-plates, 633- Piston tension spring, 641-righting connecting rods, 642-righting idler wheels, 643-righting guide rods, 644-righting guide plates, 645-are oriented to pressure Block, 646-righting guide cards, 647-guide rollers, 648-righting tension springs, 651-cutting motors, 652-cutting blades, 653- Compression spring.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:The integrated machining production line of a kind of onion cleaning sorting cutting, by the sieve apparatus 1 that shakes, the first conveying equipment 2, cleaning equipment 3, the second conveying equipment 4, screening installation 5 and cutting equipment 6 are constituted, wherein:The shake end of sieve apparatus 1 is connected to The end at the beginning of the first conveying equipment 2, the first conveying equipment 2 is connected to the feeding end of cleaning equipment 3, and cleaning equipment 3 goes out Expect that end connects the beginning of the second conveying equipment 4, the end of the second conveying equipment 4 is connected to the feed inlet of screening installation 5, and sorting is set Standby 5 include multiple discharge ends, and the discharge end is connected to corresponding cutting equipment 6.By the onion blanking of harvesting to the sieve that shakes Equipment 1, the sieve apparatus 1 that shakes play vibration, transport, sieve epidermis, impurity, the soil etc. for taking off onion, and onion is transported to conveying and is set Standby, the first conveying equipment 2 is to rise material conveyer belt, and onion material is delivered in cleaning equipment 3 and is cleaned up, cleaning is completed After fall into the second conveying equipment 4, the second conveying equipment 4 is to convey onion material with the transmission device for rising material, water filtering function To the feed end of screening installation 5, onion material enters after screening installation 5 that the difference of head is sieved by size, sorts at big Small different different several sizes, and discharge to cutting equipment 6, the cutting to onion is completed, the processing purpose of production line is reached, It improves work efficiency, saves manpower.
The cleaning equipment 3 includes cleaning machine frame 31, is placed in cleaning machine frame 31 and is equipped with cleaning roller 32, feeding chute 33 And priming apparatus, power plant 34 are placed in 31 side of cleaning machine frame, cleaning roller 32 has open front 35 and after-opening 36, cleaning Roller 32 is horizontally placed at by the direction of front and back opening in cleaning machine frame 31, and power plant 34 is connected to cleaning roller 32 and plus water dress It sets, priming apparatus is placed in 33 top of feeding chute and carries out moisturizing, and 33 lower section of feeding chute extends into the after-opening of cleaning roller 32 In 36, several glue sticks 37 for being vertically oriented to cleaning 32 rolling axis of roller are distributed in cleaning 32 alternate internal of roller.In use, Onion material by artificial or rise material equipment and poured into feeding chute 33 from eminence, touched in feeding chute 33 from plus water Clear water in device, along with clear water, onion material slides into the after-opening 36 of cleaning roller 32 out of feeding chute 33, that is, cleans Inside roller 32, cleaning roller 32 rotates after the rotational power that power plant 34 provides in cleaning machine frame 31, to drive The rolling agitation in cleaning roller 32 of onion material will not be to onion epidermis and surface layer since glue stick 37 is flexible material Pulp causes to damage, but clean between onion and onion in roller 32, between onion and inner wall of rotary drum, onion and glue stick 37 Between, between onion and water phase, phase mutual friction and collision achieve the effect that cleaning until onion reaches peeling and cleaning requires, Different from traditional hairbrush-cleaning machine, while cleaning, onion material is also impregnated and is stirred with clear water, can be sufficient Reach cleaning performance, moreover it is possible to which the harmful substance for removing the attachment of onion surface layer reaches cleaning and clean purpose, and effect is all good;
Several plectrums 38 are also distributed on the inner surface of the cleaning roller 32, several plectrums 38 are clear by being not parallel to It washes the identical inclined direction in 32 shaft axis direction of roller and angle is horizontally placed on cleaning 32 inner surface of roller.Only lean on glue stick 37 be inadequate for stirring for onion material, and glue stick 37 is difficult agitation water body, difficult only by the rotation of itself of cleaning roller 32 To reach optimal cleaning effect and cleaning efficiency, therefore, in addition after plectrum 38, plectrum 38 can be good in rotation to water body Carry out effectively stirring the effect of rolling with onion material, strengthen material and material, material and glue stick 37, material in water body it Between CONTACT WITH FRICTION efficiency, to be effectively increased cleaning performance and cleaning efficiency;
The priming apparatus includes water tank 39, water pump 391, water pipe 392, discharging device 393, and water tank 39 is placed in cleaning machine frame 31 lower sections, water pump 391 are placed in cleaning machine frame 31, and water tank 39 is connected to water pump 391 by water pipe 392, and water pump 391 passes through water pipe 392 are connected to the discharging device 393 for being placed in 33 top of feeding chute.The feeding chute 33 is that mouth is narrow under upper mouth width, inclined Shape extends in the after-opening 36 of cleaning roller 32, and 33 both sides of feeding chute are equipped with baffle 40.The discharging device 393 be placed in into 33 top of material sliding slot is fixed in cleaning machine frame 31, and discharging device 393 laterally covers the suitable for reading of feeding chute 33 and is uniformly discharged. Water pump 391, which takes out clear water toward top from water tank 39, enters discharging device 393, and discharging device 393 is placed in a high position, can be sent to water It being higher by again from whereabouts is higher by, there are one the releases of potential energy for tool so that flow can be flushed to certain speed on onion surface, Discharging device 393 is suitable for reading equally long with feeding chute 33 so that 33 entire cross section of feeding chute can be covered by flow, be reached The maximization of cleaning area so that onion fully contacts with flow, increases cleaning efficiency and cleaning degree, and onion is immersed in clear water In after enter cleaning roller 32, be finally reached optimal cleaning effect, cleaning is completed, and is stopped cleaning roller 32 and is rotated, by onion and Water pours out rear drainage from the open front 35 of cleaning roller 32, and the onion after being cleaned, the onion after cleaning is then transported The production and processing of onion is completed in cutting successively after being sorted to screening installation 5, realizes integrated production line production Pattern.
Embodiment 2:On the basis of implementing 1, the screening installation 5 includes chassis 51, shake sieve spring 52, vibrating motor 53, the bottom of rack 54, mesh sieve plate 55, directing plate 56, feed opening 57, the rack 54 is connected by six sieve springs 52 that shake It connecing and is placed on chassis 51, vibrating motor 53 is placed in 54 top of rack, and four-layer network hole sieve plate 55 is equipped with from top to bottom in rack 54, The end of mesh sieve plate 55 is all connected with respective directing plate 56, and the end of directing plate 56 is in pointed shape, the end of directing plate 56 End offers corresponding feed opening 57, several sieve pores 58, every layer of mesh sieve plate are evenly distributed on the mesh sieve plate 55 58 aperture of sieve pore on 55 is identical, and mesh sieve plate 55 is layered from big to small successively from upper layer to the internal diameter of every layer of sieve pore of lowest level 58 The beginning terminad direction of arrangement installation, the mesh sieve plate 55 and directing plate 56 tilts down.Rack 54 is in vibrating motor 53 Vibration under do the vibration of dipping and heaving on sieve spring 52 shaking, first choice is fallen in first layer after onion material enters screening installation 5 On mesh sieve plate 55, under the action of vibration, since mesh sieve plate 55 has the inclined gradient, start to transport to inclined direction It is dynamic, during which by the sieve pore 58 being distributed on mesh sieve plate 55, since 58 aperture of sieve pore of top layer is maximum, most of The onion material that diameter is less than 58 aperture of top layer's sieve pore falls into next layer of mesh sieve plate 55 from sieve pore 58, falls to go down Onion material continues to enter in directing plate 56 along the mesh sieve plate 55 of top layer to be rolled towards feed opening 57, is flowed out from feed opening 57; 58 aperture of sieve pore of the mesh sieve plate 55 of the second layer is less than 58 aperture of sieve pore of first layer, and material continues in second layer mesh sieve plate Work originally on the first layer is repeated on 55 --- the small onion material continuation of head is weeded out downwards, the second layer can not be passed through The material of mesh sieve plate 55 enters the feed opening 57 of the second layer from the directing plate 56 of the second layer, completes the screening of the second level, into The onion material for entering third layer mesh sieve plate 55 continues to repeat above-mentioned screening operation, until last layer of mesh sieve plate 55, sieve The onion material of the different head sizes of different sizes and unified classification are separated, achievees the purpose that sort size;
The rack 54 is made of munnion 541, crossbeam 543, horizontal frame 542, side plate 544 and back plate 545, two blocks of side plates 544 Opposite and right, mesh sieve plate 55 is placed between two blocks of side plates 544, and back plate 545 is placed in 55 rear side side of mesh sieve plate and is separately connected Two blocks of side plates 544 constitute box, and six roots of sensation munnion 541 is fixed on the outside shorter side and middle part plate face of side plate 544, four root cross Frame 542 is fixed in two long sides up and down of side plate 544 and connects corresponding munnion 541, and four fixations of root crossbeam 543 are horizontally placed on Between horizontal frame 542 on both side plate 544, wherein the parallel centre for being horizontally placed on two horizontal frames 542 of two intermediate crossbeams 543 and Vibrating motor 53 is fixedly mounted in its middle part.Munnion 541, horizontal frame 542 and crossbeam 543 are interconnected to constitute side plate 544 and back plate 545 The outer skeleton of the babinet of formation, increases its intensity, and munnion 541 and horizontal frame 542 are the arris progress along 544 back plate 545 of side plate Connection covering, forms the support and protection of crucial stress point, has ensured stability of the rack 54 in vibration, and allows its entirety Change so that mesh sieve plate 55 can in vibration uniform force, whole amplitude is consistent, improves the screening stability of equipment, carries The efficiency of height screening, can also increase equipment quality, to ensure the service life of equipment.
The munnion 541 extends downwardly, the sieve that shakes of the bottom of every munnion 541 by being fastened on chassis 51 Spring 52 is placed on chassis 51.It is shaken by the connection of munnion 541 and sieves spring 52 so that munnion 541 is effect branch in the sieve spring 52 that shakes Support point, reaches the optimum efficiency of vibration, while having ensured that the predominant intermolecular forces of vibration are born by munnion 541, is disperseed by munnion 541 It to horizontal frame 542, crossbeam 543 and mesh sieve plate 55, can ensure the whole stress in vibration equipment, reach sieve vibration frequency of shaking It is whole consistent, reach optimal vibration effect and uniform force degree.
Described every layer of 56 end feed opening 57 of directing plate is mutually staggeredly embedding to open distribution.Onion material after sorting needs It is collected blanking respectively, reasonable for structure rigorous due to this equipment, overall structure is more close, in order to reach the reasonable of equipment Size is talked about, floor space is reduced and avoids complicated huge structure design, simplifies the original intention of design based on overall structure, will guide 56 end feed opening of plate, 57 position staggered designs, avoid the station weight generated between levels directing plate 56 when blanking is collected Folded problem, the material so as to be carried out at the same time on levels directing plate 56 is collected simultaneously or working process, also from structure So that being not necessarily to too big interval between directing plate 56, screening installation 5 can be accomplished to minimize, reach structure and simplify, science is closed Manage small and exquisite, the excellent results of reduction floor space saving resource.
Embodiment 3:On the basis of embodiment 1 or 2, the cutting equipment 6 includes casing 610 and is placed in casing 610 Delivery device 620, cutting agency 630, righting guiding mechanism 640 and cutting mechanism 650, delivery device 620 connect blanking machine Structure 630 is placed in below, and delivery device 620 connects righting guiding mechanism 640, the 640 inside installation cutting of righting guiding mechanism Mechanism 650.After onion material enters cutting equipment 6, under the action of delivery device 620 so that onion material is in cutting agency Working by single orderly whereabouts, push at the uniform velocity in 630 avoids and multiple onion solid accumulations occurs and cause cutting mouth The problems such as blocking or cutting part entanglement, righting guiding mechanism 640 can turn over the individual position for selecting onion, will the correct side of adjustment The onion material of position is delivered to cutting mechanism 650, has ensured the accuracy of cutting part when cutting so that the ocean cut Green onion piece standard is unified, improves yield rate and cutting efficiency;
The delivery device 620 includes cylinder 621, piston rod 622, push plate 623, and cylinder 621 is fixed on casing 610, Cylinder 621 connects piston rod 622, and the end of piston rod 622 connects push plate 623.The cutting agency 630 include feed hopper 631, Piston door-plate 632, piston tension spring 633, in being placed on casing 610 to taper, the lower opening of feed hopper 631 connects feed hopper 631 Touch the plate face of piston door-plate 632, the bottom surface of piston door-plate 632 connects delivery device 620, on the front surface of piston door-plate 632 or Connection is mounted on the piston tension spring 633 on casing 610 on side.In the course of work, cylinder 621 drives piston rod 622 to do repeatedly Stretching motion, when piston rod 622 stretches out drive push plate 623 travel forward, by the station onion material carry out It promotes, is pushed to next station, when piston rod 622 bounces back, the piston door-plate 632 of 631 lower section of feed hopper can be made to open, made It obtains one piece of onion to fall at the station in 623 front of push plate, when piston rod 622 pushes again, closes 631 lower section of feed hopper Piston door-plate 632, forbid other onions fall, to realized during repeatedly onion material it is orderly it is single fall, The work of push, piston tension spring 633 is for fixed and return piston door-plate 632;
Onion material is pushed to righting guiding mechanism 640, and the righting guiding mechanism 640 includes righting connecting rod 641, helps Positive idler wheel 642, righting guide plate 644, is oriented to briquetting 645 at righting guide rod 643, and two righting connecting rods 641 are fixed in casing 610 Extend downward on roof and fixes righting idler wheel 642, the push direction of 642 face delivery device 620 of righting idler wheel, two rightings The push direction that guide rod 643 is fixed on 610 inner bottom wall upper edge delivery device 620 of casing extends and spacing gradually reduces, and two are helped The end of positive guide rod 643 is to towards two pieces of righting guide plates 644 being fixed on 610 madial wall of casing, two pieces of righting guide plates 644 are opposite And to horizontal vertical, the top of righting guide plate 644 is equipped with the guiding briquetting 645 being fixed on 610 inner roof wall of casing.Onion material is first Into on the bar position of righting guide rod 643, upper contact is to righting idler wheel 642 during push for onion material, if when ocean The onion bulb green onion tooth of green onion upward, then can touch righting idler wheel 642, force onion bulb must be from the both sides of righting idler wheel 642 Side topple over, and keep onion bulb in the direction rolls forward of side, passed through righting guide rod 643 and entered righting guide plate Among 644 limit channels formed with guiding briquetting 645 so that onion can be into horizontal deflection and thoroughly in place according to stress condition, Reach the position angle needed for cutting;
The righting guiding mechanism 640 further includes having guide roller 647 and righting tension spring 648, two righting guide rods 643 Beginning be separately installed with parallel guide roller 647, guide roller 647, which is all connected with, to be each secured in 610 inner bottom wall of casing Righting tension spring 648.It can be with minimum resistance when onion individual contacts guide roller 647 under the push effect of delivery device 620 Force effect is advanced into towards push direction in righting guide rod 643 along guide roller 647, and when onion individual is accidentally pushed After mechanism 620 pushes away askew situation, onion, which is known from experience, leads deflecting back to righting by Impact direction under the action of righting tension spring 648 In the direction of advance of bar 643, plays the role of ensureing that onion is rolled by predetermined direction, improve the accuracy and essence of righting and guiding Accuracy;
The push direction one end both sides of the righting guide plate 644 towards delivery device 620 are respectively equipped with a pair of along push The righting guide card 646 of the symmetrical rectangular triangle in direction, the bevel edge of righting guide card 646 are opposite up and down.Righting guide card 646 is used for Onion is uniformly collected to the entrance of limit channels from possible all directions and keeps required rotating direction, improves positioning Efficiency and positioning accuracy;
The cutting mechanism 650 includes cutting motor 651, cutting blade 652, and cutting motor 651 is horizontally placed on righting guide plate 644 outsides, cutting motor 651 connect two panels cutting blade 652, and two panels cutting blade 652 is placed in 644 inside of righting guide plate respectively Close to both sides righting guide plate 644 but do not contact righting guide plate 644.It is rolled forward into the onion main body 7 between righting guide plate 644 By the effect of cutting blade 652 in dynamic process, by both ends:Onion bulb 8, onion root 9 are cut off, that is, complete the cutting of onion Processing;
The two of the wheel face of the righting idler wheel 642 are lateral intermediate gradually by thick thinning, outside two pieces of righting guide plates 644 Side is connected to by several compression springs 653 on the madial wall of casing 610, the side where righting guide card 646 towards delivery device 620 To being flared out.Although the onion cut is the same level-one size by sub-electing, individual difference still remains, When the individual of every piece of onion is different, the righting guide card 646 of opening can play the guide effect for collecting collection, righting guide plate 644 by It keeps balancing to 653 active force of compression spring, after the onion having differences individually enters in righting guide card 646, compression spring 653 can play The effect for adjusting the gap and pressure between righting guide card 646, avoid occur onion block, accumulated plugging the problems such as, to Meet onion cutting work of the cutter device suitable for variously-shaped size, improves the cutting efficiency of equipment and cutting accuracy and protect The smooth smooth performance for having hindered cutting equipment 6, to improve the working efficiency of production line on the whole.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting, it is characterised in that set by the sieve apparatus that shakes (1), the first conveying Standby (2), cleaning equipment (3), the second conveying equipment (4), screening installation (5) and cutting equipment (6) are constituted, wherein:Shake sieve apparatus (1) end is connected to the beginning of the first conveying equipment (2), and the end of the first conveying equipment (2) is connected to cleaning equipment (3) Feeding end, the discharge end of cleaning equipment (3) connect the beginning of the second conveying equipment (4), the end connection of the second conveying equipment (4) To the feed inlet of screening installation (5), screening installation (5) includes multiple discharge ends, several cutting equipments (6) are installed in out Expect below end;
The cutting equipment (6) includes casing (610) and the delivery device (620), the cutting agency that are placed in casing (610) (630), righting guiding mechanism (640) and cutting mechanism (650), delivery device (620) connection cutting agency (630) are placed in it Lower section, delivery device (620) connect righting guiding mechanism (640), cutting mechanism are installed inside righting guiding mechanism (640) (650);
The righting guiding mechanism (640) includes that righting connecting rod (641), righting idler wheel (642), righting guide rod (643), righting are led Plate (644) is oriented to briquetting (645), righting guide card (646), guide roller (647) and righting tension spring (648), two righting connecting rods (641) it is fixed on casing (610) inner roof wall to extend downward and fixes righting idler wheel (642), the push of righting idler wheel (642) face The push direction of mechanism (620), two righting guide rods (643) are fixed on casing (610) inner bottom wall upper edge delivery device (620) Push direction extends and spacing gradually reduces, and the end of two righting guide rods (643) is fixed on casing (610) madial wall court Two pieces of righting guide plates (644), two pieces of righting guide plates (644) it is opposite and to horizontal vertical, the top of righting guide plate (644), which is equipped with, to be fixed Guiding briquetting (645) on casing (610) inner roof wall;The beginning of two righting guide rods (643) is separately installed with equal Capable guide roller (647), guide roller (647) are all connected with the righting tension spring (648) being each secured in casing (610) inner bottom wall; The push direction one end both sides of the righting guide plate (644) towards delivery device (620) are separately installed with a pair of along push side To the righting guide card (646) of symmetrical at right angles triangle;The bevel edge of righting guide card (646) is opposite up and down.
2. production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cleaning equipment (3) includes cleaning machine frame (31), clearly Washing machine frame (31) is equipped with cleaning roller (32), feeding chute (33) and priming apparatus, power plant (34) and is placed in cleaning machine frame (31) there is open front (35) and after-opening (36), cleaning roller (32) to press the direction of front and back opening for side, cleaning roller (32) It is horizontally placed in cleaning machine frame (31), power plant (34) is connected to cleaning roller (32) and priming apparatus, priming apparatus are placed in Moisturizing is carried out above feeding chute (33), is extended into below feeding chute (33) in the after-opening (36) of cleaning roller (32), clearly It washes roller (32) alternate internal and several glue sticks (37) for being vertically oriented to cleaning roller (32) rolling axis, the cleaning is distributed with Also it is distributed with several plectrums (38) on the inner surface of roller (32), several plectrums (38) are by being not parallel to cleaning roller (32) The identical inclined direction and angle in shaft axis direction are horizontally placed on cleaning roller (32) inner surface.
3. production line according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the priming apparatus include water tank (39), water pump (391), Water pipe (392), discharging device (393), water tank (39) are placed in below cleaning machine frame (31), and water pump (391) is placed in cleaning machine frame (31) on, water tank (39) is connected to water pump (391) by water pipe (392), and water pump (391) is connected to by water pipe (392) and is placed in Discharging device (393) above feeding chute (33), the feeding chute (33) are that mouth is narrow under upper mouth width, are obliquely extended to It cleans in the after-opening (36) of roller (32), feeding chute (33) both sides are equipped with baffle (40), and the discharging device (393) is placed in It is fixed in cleaning machine frame (31) above feeding chute (33), discharging device (393) laterally covers the suitable for reading of feeding chute (33) And it is uniformly discharged.
4. production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the screening installation (5) includes chassis (51), shake sieve bullet Spring (52), vibrating motor (53), rack (54), mesh sieve plate (55), directing plate (56), feed opening (57), the rack (54) Bottom connected and be placed on chassis (51) by several sieve springs (52) that shake, vibrating motor (53) is placed in above rack (54), Rack (54) if in dried layer mesh sieve plate (55) is installed from top to bottom, the end of mesh sieve plate (55) is all connected with respective The end of directing plate (56), directing plate (56) is in pointed shape, and the end of directing plate (56) offers corresponding feed opening (57), Several sieve pores (58) are evenly distributed on the mesh sieve plate (55), sieve pore (58) aperture phase on every layer of mesh sieve plate (55) Together, mesh sieve plate (55) from upper layer to the internal diameter of every layer of sieve pore of lowest level (58), install from big to small successively by hierarchal arrangement, described The beginning terminad direction of mesh sieve plate (55) and directing plate (56) tilts down.
5. production line according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the rack (54) by munnion (541), crossbeam (543), Horizontal frame (542), side plate (544) and back plate (545) are constituted, and two pieces of side plates (544) are opposite and right, and mesh sieve plate (55) is placed in two pieces Between side plate (544), back plate (545), which is placed in mesh sieve plate (55) rear side side and is separately connected two pieces of side plates (544), constitutes box, Several munnions (541) are fixed on the outside shorter side and middle part plate face of side plate (544), and several horizontal frames (542) are fixed on side In two long sides up and down of plate (544) and corresponding munnion (541) is connected, several crossbeam (543) fixations are horizontally placed on both side plate (544) between the horizontal frame (542) on, wherein have the parallel centre for being horizontally placed on two horizontal frames (542) of two crossbeams (543) and at it Vibrating motor (53) is fixedly mounted in middle part.
6. production line according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the munnion (541) extends downwardly, every munnion (541) Bottom by be fastened on chassis (51) shaking sieve spring (52) be placed on chassis (51), the directing plate (56) Every layer of end feed opening (57) mutually interlock and embedding open distribution.
7. production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the delivery device (620) includes cylinder (621), piston Bar (622), push plate (623), cylinder (621) are fixed on casing (610), and cylinder (621) connects piston rod (622), piston rod (622) end connection push plate (623);The cutting agency (630) includes feed hopper (631), piston door-plate (632), piston Tension spring (633), feed hopper (631) are in be placed on casing (610) to taper, the lower opening contact piston door of feed hopper (631) The plate face of plate (632), the bottom surface connection delivery device (620) of piston door-plate (632), the front surface of piston door-plate (632) or side Equipped with the piston tension spring (633) being connected with casing (610) on face.
8. production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cutting mechanism (650) include cutting motor (651), Cutting blade (652), cutting motor (651) are horizontally placed on the outside of righting guide plate (644), and cutting motor (651) connects two panels cutting Blade (652), two panels cutting blade (652) be placed in the righting guide plate (644) on the inside of righting guide plate (644) respectively close to both sides but Righting guide plate (644) is not contacted;The two of the wheel face of the righting idler wheel (642) are lateral intermediate gradually by thick thinning, described two pieces The outside of righting guide plate (644) is connected to by several compression springs (653) on the madial wall of casing (610), righting guide card (646) it is flared out towards the direction where delivery device (620).
CN201610530783.3A 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting Expired - Fee Related CN106179945B (en)

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CN201610530783.3A CN106179945B (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610530783.3A CN106179945B (en) 2016-07-07 2016-07-07 A kind of integrated machining production line of onion cleaning sorting cutting

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CN107599017B (en) * 2017-11-01 2019-09-10 上海老盛昌配送有限公司 A kind of carrot slice processing method based on carrot chopper and slicer
CN107571316B (en) * 2017-11-01 2019-11-26 诸暨厚启股权投资有限公司 A kind of carrot chopper and slicer
CN107568658A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-12 海南百晋兴生物科技有限公司 A kind of coconut milk qibuliang and its batch manufacturing method
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