CN115488684B - Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool - Google Patents

Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN115488684B
CN115488684B CN202211166706.6A CN202211166706A CN115488684B CN 115488684 B CN115488684 B CN 115488684B CN 202211166706 A CN202211166706 A CN 202211166706A CN 115488684 B CN115488684 B CN 115488684B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
transverse
machine tool
sliding plate
moving mechanism
sliding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202211166706.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN115488684A (en
Inventor
叶国能
刘志斌
梁铠
李玉柳
伍志成
冯志江
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Kejie Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Kejie Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Kejie Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Kejie Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202211166706.6A priority Critical patent/CN115488684B/en
Publication of CN115488684A publication Critical patent/CN115488684A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN115488684B publication Critical patent/CN115488684B/en
Priority to PCT/CN2023/101069 priority patent/WO2024060724A1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • B23Q7/043Construction of the grippers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)
  • Sheets, Magazines, And Separation Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a machine tool capable of automatically feeding and discharging, which comprises a machine tool and a feeding and discharging device; a machining channel is formed in the machine tool; the feeding and discharging device comprises a frame and a portal frame; the frame is arranged on one side of the machine tool, a conveying line is arranged at the top of the frame, and the portal frame spans the conveying line and is arranged on the frame; the transverse beam of the portal frame is provided with a transverse moving mechanism in a sliding manner, and the transverse moving mechanism is provided with a longitudinal moving mechanism; a sliding groove is further formed in one side, facing the transverse moving mechanism, of the cross beam, a transverse driving mechanism is arranged in the sliding groove, and the transverse moving mechanism can drive the longitudinal moving mechanism to extend into a processing channel of the machine tool through the transverse driving mechanism; and the longitudinal moving mechanism is provided with a sucker, and the sucker is used for taking and placing workpieces from the machining channel of the machine tool or the conveying line. The invention effectively solves the problem of dry-wet separation of feeding and discharging of the machine tool, is easy to control and has low manufacturing cost.

Description

Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of feeding and discharging of machine tools, in particular to an automatic feeding and discharging machine tool.
Background
Machine tools are important equipment for industrial manufacturing. Most of the existing machine tools load and unload workpieces to be machined and machined by arranging 6-degree-of-freedom mechanical arms, so that machining automation is realized. However, due to the limitation of the structural design and the installation form of the existing truss type mechanical arm, the mechanical arm needs to be installed near a processing channel in a machine tool, so that cutting fluid used during workpiece processing and scraps generated during processing can splash to the mechanical arm, the work of the mechanical arm is affected, and even the mechanical arm is damaged. In addition, the 6-degree-of-freedom mechanical arm is high in cost and needs a corresponding control system to be matched with the 6-degree-of-freedom mechanical arm, so that the production cost of enterprises can be increased obviously.
Disclosure of Invention
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an automatic loading and unloading machine tool which can improve the working environment during automatic loading and unloading and has low manufacturing cost.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a machine tool capable of automatically feeding and discharging comprises a machine tool and a feeding and discharging device; a machining channel is formed in the machine tool; the feeding and discharging device comprises a frame and a portal frame; the frame is arranged on one side of the machine tool, a conveying line is arranged at the top of the frame, and the portal frame spans the conveying line and is arranged on the frame; the transverse beam of the portal frame is provided with a transverse moving mechanism in a sliding manner, and the transverse moving mechanism is provided with a longitudinal moving mechanism; a sliding groove is further formed in one side, facing the transverse moving mechanism, of the cross beam, a transverse driving mechanism is arranged in the sliding groove, and the transverse moving mechanism can drive the longitudinal moving mechanism to extend into a processing channel of the machine tool through the transverse driving mechanism; and the longitudinal moving mechanism is provided with a sucker, and the sucker is used for taking and placing workpieces from the machining channel of the machine tool or the conveying line.
Compared with the prior art, the linear shaft feeding and discharging device is arranged on the outer side of the machine tool to replace the 6-degree-of-freedom mechanical arm, so that a blank workpiece and a finished product are placed on the outer side of the machine tool, the blank workpiece and the finished product are not influenced by cutting fluid, the problem of dry-wet separation of feeding and discharging of the machine tool is effectively solved, the control is easy, and the manufacturing cost is low.
Further, the transverse moving mechanism comprises a first sliding plate, a second sliding plate and a linkage assembly; the first sliding plate is arranged on the cross beam and is in transverse sliding connection with the cross beam through the transverse driving mechanism; the second sliding plate is arranged on the first sliding plate and is transversely connected with the first sliding plate in a sliding manner; the linkage assembly is fixedly connected with the first sliding plate and the second sliding plate respectively, so that the second sliding plate is driven to synchronously and transversely slide when the first sliding plate transversely moves.
Further, the linkage assembly comprises a synchronous belt, two synchronous wheels matched with the synchronous belt and two clamping blocks; the two synchronous wheels are respectively arranged at two sides of the top of the first sliding plate along the length direction of the first sliding plate, and are in transmission connection through the synchronous belt; the two clamping blocks are respectively fixed on the cross beam and the second sliding plate, and the two clamping blocks respectively clamp the synchronous belt.
Further, a first transverse guide rail is arranged on the side surface, opposite to the cross beam, of the first sliding plate, and a first transverse sliding block matched with the first transverse guide rail is arranged at the corresponding position of the cross beam; the first sliding plate is provided with a second transverse guide rail, the second sliding plate comprises a connecting part and a mounting part, and a second transverse sliding block matched with the second transverse guide rail is arranged at the position, opposite to the second transverse guide rail, of the connecting part.
Further, the transverse driving mechanism comprises a transverse screw rod, a transverse screw rod sliding block and a transverse driving motor; the transverse screw rod is arranged on the cross beam and is parallel to the first transverse guide rail; the transverse screw rod sliding block is sleeved on the transverse screw rod in a sliding manner and is fixedly connected with the first sliding plate; the transverse driving motor is fixedly connected with one end of the transverse screw rod so as to drive the transverse screw rod sliding block to move along the transverse screw rod.
Further, the longitudinal moving mechanism comprises a longitudinal telescopic cylinder, a transverse adjusting cylinder and a sucker connecting plate; the longitudinal telescopic cylinder is arranged on the mounting part of the second sliding plate and is provided with a telescopic shaft, and the transverse adjusting cylinder is fixedly connected and fixed on the telescopic shaft; the suction cup connecting plate is horizontally fixed on the output shaft of the transverse adjusting cylinder; the sucking disc is fixed on the sucking disc connecting plate, and the head of the sucking disc faces the conveying line.
Further, two longitudinal moving mechanisms are arranged on the mounting part of the second sliding plate in parallel.
Further, the automatic feeding and discharging machine tool further comprises two tray lifting mechanisms, wherein the two tray lifting mechanisms are respectively arranged at the upstream and downstream of the portal frame along the conveying line; the tray lifting mechanism comprises two lifting frames and two lifting cylinders, wherein the two lifting frames and the two lifting cylinders are respectively arranged on two sides of the conveying line, each lifting frame comprises a tray carrying part for placing a tray and a supporting part for supporting the tray carrying part, the supporting part is perpendicular to the top of the frame, and the tray carrying part is horizontally arranged at the upper end of the supporting part; the lifting cylinder is provided with an output shaft which is fixedly connected with the lower end of the supporting part, and the lifting cylinder is used for driving the supporting part to lift or descend along the vertical direction.
Further, a positioning block is respectively arranged at the top of each tray carrying part so as to limit the position of the tray placed on the tray carrying part.
Further, the tray lifting mechanism further comprises a linear bearing, and the linear bearing is slidably sleeved on the supporting portion to guide the supporting portion to move up and down along the vertical direction.
For a better understanding and implementation, the present invention is described in detail below with reference to the drawings.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a machine tool capable of automatically feeding and discharging materials;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of an feeding and discharging device in a first embodiment of the automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a linkage assembly in a first embodiment of the automatic loading and unloading machine tool according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a longitudinal moving mechanism in a first embodiment of the automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an feeding and discharging device in a second embodiment of the automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to the present invention;
reference numerals: the machining device comprises a workbench in a machining channel of a 10-machine tool and a 102-machine tool, a 20-loading and unloading device, a 22-rack, a 221-conveying line, 2211-guide rails, 24-portal frames, 24 a-cross beams, 24 b-stand columns, sliding grooves of 241-cross beams, 242-transverse moving mechanisms, 2421-first sliding plates, 2421 a-first transverse guide rails, 2421 b-first transverse sliding blocks, 2421 c-second transverse guide rails, 2421 d-second transverse sliding blocks, 2422-second sliding plates, connecting parts of 2422 a-second sliding plates, mounting parts of 2422 b-second sliding plates, 2423-linkage assemblies, 2423 a-synchronous belts, 2423 b-synchronous wheels, 2423 c-clamping blocks, 2431-transverse screw rods, 2433-transverse driving motors, 244-longitudinal moving mechanisms, 2441-longitudinal telescopic cylinders, 2442-transverse adjusting cylinders, 2443-connecting plates, 246-sucking discs, 26-disc lifting mechanisms, 261 a-lifting frames, 261 a-carrying disc parts, 261 b-supporting parts, 262 b-30-supporting parts and workpiece positioning blocks.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of "a plurality" is two or more.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, fig. 1 to 3 show a specific structure of a first embodiment of an automatic loading and unloading machine tool according to the present invention, the automatic loading and unloading machine tool includes a machine tool 10 and a loading and unloading device 20; a processing channel is arranged in the machine tool 10; the loading and unloading device 20 comprises a frame 22 and a portal frame 24. The frame 22 is disposed on a side of the machine tool 10 near the machining channel, and specifically includes a support platform and two triangular support members, where the triangular support members are fixed on a side of the machine tool 10 in parallel, and the support platform is horizontally disposed on the two triangular support members. The top of the frame 22 is provided with a conveying line 221, and the conveying line 221 is provided with a guide rail 2200 parallel to the extending direction of the conveying line 221. The gantry 24 spans the conveyor line 221 and is disposed on top of the frame 22. The cross beam 24a of the gantry 24 is slidably provided with a lateral movement mechanism 242 on one side in the width direction thereof, wherein the lateral movement direction of the lateral movement mechanism 242 is perpendicular to the extending direction of the guide rail 2200. The transverse moving mechanism 242 is provided with two longitudinal moving mechanisms 244, and the longitudinal moving mechanism 244 is provided with a sucker 246 with a head facing the conveying line 221 for picking and placing the workpiece to be processed and the processed workpiece.
Specifically, the lateral movement mechanism 242 includes a first slide plate 2421, a second slide plate 2422, and a linkage assembly 2423. The first sliding plate 2421 is a rectangular plate, and one side surface of the first sliding plate, which faces the cross beam 24a, is provided with two first transverse guide rails 2421a parallel to the top surface of the rack 22, and the first transverse guide rails 2421a specifically comprise two transverse monorails; while the corresponding position on the cross beam 24a is provided with a first transversal slide 2421b adapted to the first transversal guide 2421 a. The top of the first slide plate 2421 is also provided with a second transverse rail 2421c parallel to the first transverse rail 2421 a; the second sliding plate 2422 is an inverted "L" plate, and includes a connecting portion 2422a and a mounting portion 2422b, where the connecting portion 2422a faces the second transverse rail 2421c, and a second transverse slider 2421d adapted to the second transverse rail 2421c is disposed at a position where the connecting portion 2422a faces the second transverse rail 2421 c. The linkage assembly 2423 includes a timing belt 2423a, two timing pulleys 2423b adapted to the timing belt 2423a, and two clamping blocks 2423c. The two synchronizing wheels 2423b are respectively arranged at two sides of the top of the first sliding plate 2421 along the length direction thereof, and the synchronous belt 2423a is sleeved outside the two synchronizing wheels 2423b so as to realize the transmission connection of the two synchronizing wheels 2423 b; two clamping blocks 2423c are respectively fixed on the cross beam 24a and the second sliding plate 2422, and respectively clamp the timing belt 2423a.
Further, the first slide plate 2421 is laterally moved by a lateral driving mechanism (not shown). A lateral drive mechanism (not shown) is provided on the cross beam 24a, including a lateral lead screw 2431, a lateral lead screw slider (not shown), and a lateral drive motor 2424. Specifically, the lateral screw 2431 is disposed on a side of the cross beam 24a facing the first slide plate 2421 and parallel to the first lateral guide rail 2421 a; a transverse screw rod sliding block (not shown) is sleeved on the transverse screw rod 2431 and fixedly connected with the first sliding plate 2421; the transverse driving motor 2433 is specifically a servo motor, and has an output shaft fixedly connected to one end of the transverse screw 2431 to drive the transverse screw slider (not shown) to move along the transverse screw 2431, so as to drive the first sliding plate 2421 to move transversely. Preferably, the side of the beam 24a facing the first sliding plate is provided with a sliding groove 241, and a lateral driving mechanism (not shown) is embedded in the sliding groove 241 to save space.
When the first sliding plate 2421 is driven to slide laterally by a lateral driving mechanism (not shown), the first sliding plate 2421 and the beam 24a are displaced relatively, and the synchronous belt 2423a rotates along with the relative displacement between the first sliding plate 2421 and the beam 24a due to the clamping blocks 2423c provided on the beam 24a clamping the synchronous belt 2423 a; since the clamping blocks 2423c on the second sliding plate 2422 clamp the synchronous belt 2423a, when the synchronous belt 2423a rotates, the second sliding plate 2422 is synchronously driven to move transversely.
Referring to fig. 4, the longitudinal moving mechanism 244 includes a telescopic cylinder 2441, a lateral adjusting cylinder 2442, and two suction cup connecting plates 2443. Specifically, the telescopic cylinder 2441 is fixedly provided with a telescopic shaft, and the telescopic cylinder 2441 is fixed on the side of the second sliding plate 2422 facing away from the first sliding plate 2421, so that the telescopic shaft thereof faces downwards. The lateral adjustment cylinder 2442 has two parallel output shafts that are movable in opposite directions, and the lateral adjustment cylinder 2442 is fixed to the front end of the telescopic shaft of the telescopic cylinder 2441 so that the output shaft of the lateral adjustment cylinder 2442 faces downward. The two sucker connecting plates 2443 are respectively and horizontally fixed at the front ends of the two output shafts of the transverse adjusting cylinder 2442. The suction cups 246 are fixedly arranged on the sides of the suction cup connection plates 2443 facing away from the transverse adjusting cylinders 2442, respectively, and the heads of the suction cups 246 face downwards. The longitudinal movement mechanism 244 also includes a vacuum unit (not shown) in communication with the suction cup 246 for engaging the suction cup 246 to pick and place a workpiece. When the suction cup 246 is in contact with the workpiece, a vacuum is drawn in a cavity formed by the suction cup 246 and the workpiece, thereby sucking the workpiece, and when a vacuum-pumping unit (not shown) ventilates the cavity formed by the suction cup 246 and the workpiece, the workpiece is lowered. The evacuation unit (not shown) specifically includes a vacuum pump.
Referring to fig. 5, fig. 5 shows a specific structure of a second embodiment of the automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to the present invention, and as an optimization scheme for the above technical solution, the automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to the present embodiment further includes a tray lifting mechanism 26 disposed upstream and downstream of the gantry 24 along the conveying line 221, respectively.
Specifically, the tray elevating mechanism 26 includes elevating frames 261 provided on both sides of the conveying line 221, respectively, the elevating frames including a tray carrying portion 261a and a supporting portion 261b. The supporting portion 261 is specifically two supporting rods perpendicular to the top of the frame 10, and the tray portion 261a is specifically a long plate horizontally fixed at one end of the supporting portion 261b and parallel to the extending direction of the conveying line 221. The lifting cylinder (not shown) has an output shaft fixedly connected to the other end of the supporting portion 261b to drive the lifting frame 261 to rise or fall in a vertical direction. The top of the tray portion 261a is provided with positioning blocks 262 at both ends along the extending direction of the conveying line 221, respectively, and the distance between the positioning blocks 262 on the two lifters is greater than the width of the tray, so as to limit the position of the tray placed on the tray portion 261 a.
Further, the tray lifting mechanism further comprises a linear bearing slidably sleeved on the supporting portion 261b to guide the movement of the supporting portion 261b in the vertical direction.
In operation of the preferred machine, the tray is placed on the lift 261 of the tray lift mechanism 26 upstream of the conveyor line 221, and the lift 261 is lowered to a position where the bottom of the tray 30 contacts a linear module (not shown) on the guide rail 2211, and the linear module (not shown) drives the tray 30 along the guide rail 2211 toward the gantry 24. When the tray 30 moves to below the two longitudinal moving mechanisms 244 (first and second longitudinal moving mechanisms, respectively), the first transverse adjusting cylinder of the first longitudinal moving mechanism adjusts the position between the two suction cup connecting plates 2443 according to the spacing of the workpieces in the tray, thereby adjusting the spacing between the suction cups 246. After completion, the first longitudinal telescopic cylinder drives the first transverse adjusting cylinder to move downwards along the vertical direction, so that the suction cups 246 on the two suction cup connecting plates 2443 are in contact with two adjacent workpieces 32 to be processed in the material tray 30, and at the moment, a vacuumizing unit (not shown) is started, so that the suction cups 246 adsorb the workpieces 32 to be processed. After adsorption, the longitudinal telescopic cylinder 2441 in the first longitudinal moving mechanism drives the suction cup 246 to reset. Next, the first sliding plate 2421 is driven by the transverse driving motor 2433 to move transversely, and the second sliding plate 2422 is driven by the linkage assembly 2423 to move transversely synchronously, so that the suction cups 246 on the two longitudinal moving mechanisms 244 extend into the processing channel of the machine tool 10, two working tables 102, respectively a first working table and a second working table, are arranged in the processing channel, and the processed workpieces are respectively placed on the first working table and the second working table. After the two longitudinal moving mechanisms 244 move into the processing channel, the two sucker connecting plates 2443 of the second longitudinal moving mechanism are aligned with the first workbench and the second workbench respectively, and then the suckers 246 on the two sucker connecting plates 2443 simultaneously move downwards along the vertical direction and adsorb the processed workpieces on the first workbench and the second workbench respectively under the vacuumizing action of a vacuumizing unit (not shown). After adsorption, the second longitudinal movement mechanism is reset. Next, the two longitudinal moving mechanisms 244 move laterally, so that the two chuck connecting plates 2443 of the first longitudinal moving mechanism are aligned with the first workbench and the second workbench, respectively, and then the chucks 246 on the two chuck connecting plates move downward in the vertical direction at the same time, and the workpiece 32 to be processed is placed on the first workbench and the second workbench, respectively, so as to process the workpiece 32 to be processed. After placement, the first longitudinal movement mechanism is reset. Then, the transverse driving mechanism drives the transverse moving mechanism 242 to move transversely again, so that the first longitudinal moving mechanism and the second longitudinal moving mechanism move to the upper part of the conveying line 221, the two sucker connecting plates 2443 of the first longitudinal moving mechanism are aligned with the workpieces 32 to be processed of the tray 30, and the second longitudinal moving mechanism is aligned with the empty space on the tray 30; then, both longitudinal movement mechanisms 244 are simultaneously moved downward in the vertical direction, wherein the second longitudinal movement mechanism places the processed workpiece into the empty space of the tray 30, and the first longitudinal movement mechanism re-adsorbs the workpiece 32 to be processed from the tray 30. The above operation is repeated until the tray 30 is filled with the processed workpiece, the tray 30 is moved along the transfer line 221 by a linear module (not shown) to the tray elevating mechanism 26 located downstream of the gantry 24, the elevating frame 261 in the tray elevating mechanism 26 is elevated, and finally the tray 30 located on the downstream tray elevating mechanism 26 is removed.
Compared with the prior art, the linear shaft feeding and discharging device is arranged on the outer side of the machine tool to replace a 6-degree-of-freedom mechanical arm, so that a blank workpiece and a finished workpiece are placed on the outer side of the machine tool and are not influenced by cutting fluid, the problem of dry and wet separation of feeding and discharging of the machine tool is effectively solved, the manufacturing cost is low, and the control is easy; through setting up the flexible lateral shifting mechanism of two-stage, realize long-stroke lateral shifting, simultaneously through setting up two longitudinal movement mechanisms, make lateral shifting mechanism lateral shifting once, can accomplish simultaneously and go up the unloading, effectively improve the efficiency of going up the unloading, and save space and cost. In addition, by arranging the tray lifting mechanisms at the upstream and downstream of the portal frame along the conveying line, the continuous production can be realized without stopping and changing materials.
The above examples illustrate only a few embodiments of the invention, which are described in detail and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that modifications and improvements can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention, and the invention is intended to encompass such modifications and improvements.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a lathe of unloading in automation which characterized in that includes:
the machine tool and the feeding and discharging device; a machining channel is formed in the machine tool; the feeding and discharging device comprises a frame and a portal frame; the frame is arranged on one side of the machine tool, a conveying line is arranged at the top of the frame, and the portal frame spans the conveying line and is arranged on the frame;
the transverse beam of the portal frame is provided with a transverse moving mechanism in a sliding manner, and the transverse moving mechanism is provided with a longitudinal moving mechanism;
a sliding groove is further formed in one side, facing the transverse moving mechanism, of the cross beam, a transverse driving mechanism is arranged in the sliding groove, and the transverse moving mechanism can drive the longitudinal moving mechanism to extend into a processing channel of the machine tool through the transverse driving mechanism;
the transverse moving mechanism comprises a first sliding plate, a second sliding plate and a linkage assembly;
the first sliding plate is arranged on the cross beam and is in transverse sliding connection with the cross beam through the transverse driving mechanism;
the second sliding plate is arranged on the first sliding plate and is transversely connected with the first sliding plate in a sliding manner;
the linkage assembly is fixedly connected with the first sliding plate and the second sliding plate respectively, so that the second sliding plate is driven to synchronously and transversely slide when the first sliding plate transversely moves;
the longitudinal moving mechanism is fixed on the second sliding plate, and is provided with a sucker which is used for taking and placing workpieces from the processing channel of the machine tool or the conveying line.
2. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 1, wherein,
the linkage assembly comprises a synchronous belt, two synchronous wheels matched with the synchronous belt and two clamping blocks;
the two synchronous wheels are respectively arranged at two sides of the top of the first sliding plate along the length direction of the first sliding plate, and are in transmission connection through the synchronous belt;
the two clamping blocks are respectively fixed on the cross beam and the second sliding plate, and the two clamping blocks respectively clamp the synchronous belt.
3. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 2, wherein,
a first transverse guide rail is arranged on the side surface, opposite to the cross beam, of the first sliding plate, and a first transverse sliding block matched with the first transverse guide rail is arranged at the corresponding position of the cross beam;
the first sliding plate is provided with a second transverse guide rail, the second sliding plate comprises a connecting part and a mounting part, and a second transverse sliding block matched with the second transverse guide rail is arranged at the position, opposite to the second transverse guide rail, of the connecting part.
4. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 3, wherein,
the transverse driving mechanism comprises a transverse screw rod, a transverse screw rod sliding block and a transverse driving motor;
the transverse screw rod is arranged on the cross beam and is parallel to the first transverse guide rail;
the transverse screw rod sliding block is sleeved on the transverse screw rod in a sliding manner and is fixedly connected with the first sliding plate;
the transverse driving motor is fixedly connected with one end of the transverse screw rod so as to drive the transverse screw rod sliding block to move along the transverse screw rod.
5. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 3, wherein,
the longitudinal moving mechanism comprises a longitudinal telescopic cylinder, a transverse adjusting cylinder and a sucker connecting plate;
the longitudinal telescopic cylinder is arranged on the mounting part of the second sliding plate and is provided with a telescopic shaft, and the transverse adjusting cylinder is fixedly connected and fixed on the telescopic shaft;
the suction cup connecting plate is horizontally fixed on the output shaft of the transverse adjusting cylinder;
the sucking disc is fixed on the sucking disc connecting plate, and the head of the sucking disc faces the conveying line.
6. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 5, wherein,
the two longitudinal moving mechanisms are arranged on the mounting part of the second sliding plate in parallel.
7. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein,
the two material disc lifting mechanisms are respectively arranged at the upstream and the downstream of the portal frame along the conveying line;
the tray lifting mechanism comprises two lifting frames and two lifting cylinders, wherein the two lifting frames and the two lifting cylinders are respectively arranged on two sides of the conveying line, each lifting frame comprises a tray carrying part for placing a tray and a supporting part for supporting the tray carrying part, the supporting part is perpendicular to the top of the frame, and the tray carrying part is horizontally arranged at the upper end of the supporting part;
the lifting cylinder is provided with an output shaft which is fixedly connected with the lower end of the supporting part, and the lifting cylinder is used for driving the supporting part to lift or descend along the vertical direction.
8. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 7, wherein,
the top of each tray carrying part is respectively provided with a positioning block so as to limit the position of the tray placed on the tray carrying part.
9. The automatic feeding and discharging machine tool according to claim 8, wherein,
the tray lifting mechanism further comprises a linear bearing, and the linear bearing is slidably sleeved on the supporting portion to guide the supporting portion to move up and down along the vertical direction.
CN202211166706.6A 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool Active CN115488684B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202211166706.6A CN115488684B (en) 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool
PCT/CN2023/101069 WO2024060724A1 (en) 2022-09-23 2023-06-19 Machine tool capable of automatic feeding and discharging

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202211166706.6A CN115488684B (en) 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN115488684A CN115488684A (en) 2022-12-20
CN115488684B true CN115488684B (en) 2023-05-09

Family

ID=84470465

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202211166706.6A Active CN115488684B (en) 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN115488684B (en)
WO (1) WO2024060724A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115488684B (en) * 2022-09-23 2023-05-09 广东科杰技术股份有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008117350A1 (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-10-02 Hirata Corporation Work handling device
CN106081623B (en) * 2016-07-28 2018-09-28 意力(广州)电子科技有限公司 Shift the device of rack automatically for product
CN206998396U (en) * 2017-06-21 2018-02-13 北京精雕科技集团有限公司 A kind of material basket automatic loading/unloading lathe positioned outside machine
CN108436627B (en) * 2018-05-13 2023-06-23 重庆机电职业技术学院 Feeding and discharging conveying device of centerless grinding machine and machining process of stepped shaft sleeve
CN110587359A (en) * 2019-10-18 2019-12-20 戴震班 Automatic detect material feeding unit of automatic troubleshooting
CN215248098U (en) * 2021-06-25 2021-12-21 万润科技精机(昆山)有限公司 Sucking disc keeps away a mechanism fast floats
CN215363762U (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-12-31 东莞国扬数字科技有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging device of vertical cup baking machine in hot stamping process
CN215847166U (en) * 2021-09-26 2022-02-18 浙江平川智能装备股份有限公司 Automatic unloader that goes up of digit control machine tool
CN216710951U (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-06-10 东莞市锐特电子设备有限公司 Charging tray conveying line of battery cover automatic detection placing device
CN115488684B (en) * 2022-09-23 2023-05-09 广东科杰技术股份有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2024060724A1 (en) 2024-03-28
CN115488684A (en) 2022-12-20

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN109516197B (en) Automatic plate splitting feeding and discharging device
CN210334788U (en) Laser cutting equipment
CN212705774U (en) Laser cutting and bending composite production line
CN112466797A (en) Chip assembly feeding and discharging machine
CN115488684B (en) Automatic feeding and discharging machine tool
CN115385095A (en) Full-automatic glass processing system
CN113816090A (en) Unloading turning device on IGBT module
CN114464562A (en) Automatic chip blanking and conveying device
CN114701084A (en) Turnover type sheet taking and cutting machine
CN106985221B (en) Numerical control table top mechanism with multi-section feeding, powerful elliptic sucker and servo clamping hand
CN218841000U (en) Full-automatic glass processing system
CN217412848U (en) Light source substrate slitting equipment
CN108581802B (en) Automatic polishing machine with shearing function
CN218696468U (en) Automatic go up lathe of unloading
CN212706756U (en) Gantry type mechanical arm
CN211250341U (en) Double-end longitudinal saw device
CN211489371U (en) Automatic sucker manipulator device
CN111015240A (en) Full-automatic processing assembly line
CN219444385U (en) Iron plate finish carving feeding and discharging device
CN218595506U (en) Automatic feeding and discharging machining platform
CN215035796U (en) Numerical control milling machine capable of automatically loading and unloading workpieces
CN217516187U (en) Non-contact loading and unloading machine for carrier plate frame
CN219457551U (en) Continuous loading and unloading system for wafer
CN220702558U (en) Frame circulation system and laminating machine using same
CN221070072U (en) Silicon wafer feeding device for automatic reflow and cyclic use of carrier

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant