CN115159104B - Car tail-gate snatchs equipment and assembly system - Google Patents

Car tail-gate snatchs equipment and assembly system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115159104B
CN115159104B CN202210642297.6A CN202210642297A CN115159104B CN 115159104 B CN115159104 B CN 115159104B CN 202210642297 A CN202210642297 A CN 202210642297A CN 115159104 B CN115159104 B CN 115159104B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support arm
tail
automobile
longitudinal support
cross beam
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN202210642297.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN115159104A (en
Inventor
滕鹏
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Dongfeng Yuexiang Technology Co Ltd
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Dongfeng Yuexiang Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202210642297.6A priority Critical patent/CN115159104B/en
Publication of CN115159104A publication Critical patent/CN115159104A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN115159104B publication Critical patent/CN115159104B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/918Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers with at least two picking-up heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/905Control arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/907Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials with at least two picking-up heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/917Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers control arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0294Vehicle bodies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2207/00Indexing codes relating to constructional details, configuration and additional features of a handling device, e.g. Conveyors
    • B65G2207/08Adjustable and/or adaptable to the article size

Abstract

The application discloses an automobile tail door grabbing device and an assembling system, comprising: the device comprises a bearing frame, a longitudinal support arm and a transverse support arm; the longitudinal support arm is hinged with the bearing frame, the front end and the rear end of the longitudinal support arm are respectively provided with a first supporting part and a second supporting part, and the first supporting part can move along the longitudinal support arm and relatively to the second supporting part; when the longitudinal support arm deflects around the bearing frame, the front end of the longitudinal support arm can extend into the door frame of the tail door, the first support part abuts against the door frame of the tail door, and the second support part abuts against the lower part of the tail door; the transverse support arm is arranged on the longitudinal support arm, the left end and the right end of the transverse support arm are respectively provided with two clamping parts, and the two clamping parts can move in opposite directions or in opposite directions along the transverse support arm; when the two clamping parts move in opposite directions, the two clamping parts are used for clamping the tail gate. The application can stably grasp tail gates with different sizes, has better adaptability, realizes intelligent assembly of the tail gates with different sizes, and effectively reduces the problem of high error rate of tail gate assembly.

Description

Car tail-gate snatchs equipment and assembly system
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of automobile tail doors, in particular to an automobile tail door grabbing device and an assembling system.
Background
The tail gate of a vehicle is an important component of the vehicle, and is generally pivoted on a vehicle body through a hinge in the assembly process so as to realize upward rotation opening or downward rotation closing.
At present, the automobile tail door assembly generally adopts a manipulator to assist in carrying, and due to the size difference of the tail doors of various automobile types, particularly the width of the tail doors and the height of a door frame, the manipulator can only be adapted to one type of tail door, and the adaptability is poor. If the robot is directly carried and installed by two persons, the input cost of changing the manipulators for different vehicle types can be reduced, but the automation degree of the mode is low, the error rate of manual carrying is high, and the problem of high labor intensity exists.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, it is necessary to provide a gripping device and an assembling system for a tail gate of an automobile, which solve the problems of poor adaptability due to the adoption of a manipulator for auxiliary transportation in the prior art; the technical problems of high error rate and high labor intensity of manual transportation are adopted.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, in one aspect, the technical scheme of the application provides an automobile tail door grabbing device, which comprises: the device comprises a bearing frame, a longitudinal support arm and a transverse support arm; the longitudinal support arm is hinged with the bearing frame, a first supporting part and a second supporting part are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the longitudinal support arm, and the first supporting part can move along the longitudinal support arm and relatively to the second supporting part; when the longitudinal support arm deflects around the bearing frame, the front end of the longitudinal support arm can extend into the door frame of the tail door, the first support part abuts against the door frame of the tail door, and the second support part abuts against the lower part of the tail door; the transverse support arm is arranged on the longitudinal support arm, the left end and the right end of the transverse support arm are respectively provided with two clamping parts, and the two clamping parts can move oppositely or reversely along the transverse support arm; when the two clamping parts move oppositely, the two clamping parts are used for clamping the tail gate.
Further, the transverse support arm comprises a first cross beam and at least one second cross beam, the first cross beam and the second cross beam are both installed on the longitudinal support arm, the clamping parts are both arranged at the left end and the right end of the first cross beam and the second cross beam, and the first cross beam is located below the second cross beam.
Further, the first cross beam is detachably connected with a positioning assembly, the positioning assembly is provided with a plug rod, and the plug rod can be matched with the jack in the tail gate.
Further, the positioning assembly comprises a base, an elastic piece and the inserting rod, wherein the base is provided with a containing cavity, the elastic piece is fixedly sleeved on the inserting rod and abuts against the inner wall of the containing cavity, and when the inserting rod is matched with the inserting hole in the tail gate, the elastic piece is in a compression state.
Further, the transverse support arm is further provided with a left-right screw rod and a motor, the output end of the motor is axially fixed with the left-right screw rod, and two ends of the left-right screw rod are respectively in threaded connection with the two clamping parts.
Further, the front end of the first supporting part is provided with a telescopic piece, and the output end of the telescopic piece is in transmission connection with the first supporting part and is used for driving the first supporting part to do telescopic motion along the longitudinal support arm.
Further, the first supporting portion and the second supporting portion are vacuum chucks.
On the other hand, the technical scheme of the application also provides an automobile tail door assembly system which comprises a plurality of warehouse rooms, assembly rooms, code scanners, a control system, a transmission system and the automobile tail door grabbing equipment;
the tail gates with different types are respectively arranged in the storage rooms;
an automobile to be installed is placed in the assembly room;
the code scanner is arranged in the assembly room and used for acquiring the vehicle type information of the vehicle to be installed;
the control system matches the model information of the corresponding tail gate according to the model information of the automobile to be installed and sends a scheduling instruction;
the transmission system is arranged along a plurality of discharge holes between the warehouse and the feed inlet between the assembly rooms, the output end of the transmission system is fixedly connected with the bearing frame, and drives the automobile tail door grabbing equipment to grab the tail door according to the dispatching instruction, and the tail door is assembled on the automobile to be assembled.
Further, the transmission system comprises a track and a booster arm, the track is paved along a plurality of discharge ports between the warehouse and the feed inlet between the assembly, the booster arm comprises a lifting part and a rotating part, the lifting part is arranged on the track in a sliding mode, the output end of the lifting part is in transmission connection with the rotating part and used for driving the rotating part to do vertical lifting motion, and the output end of the rotating part is fixedly connected with the bearing frame and used for driving the bearing frame to rotate.
Further, the lifting piece comprises a moving frame, a third cylinder and an articulated arm, the moving frame is arranged on the track in a sliding mode, the third cylinder is fixedly connected with the moving frame, the output end of the third cylinder is hinged to the articulated arm, the articulated arm rotatably penetrates through the moving frame, and one end, away from the third cylinder, of the articulated arm is fixedly connected with the rotating piece.
Compared with the prior art, the application has the beneficial effects that:
1. the longitudinal support arm is hinged with the bearing frame, the first supporting part can move along the longitudinal support arm and relatively to the second supporting part, and the two clamping parts can move along the transverse support arm in opposite directions or in opposite directions; through the arrangement mode, tail gates with different sizes can be stably grabbed, and the adaptability is good.
2. The tail gates with different types are respectively arranged in the storage rooms; an automobile to be installed is placed in the assembly room; the code scanner is arranged in the assembly room and used for acquiring the model information of the automobile to be installed; the control system matches the model information of the corresponding tail gate according to the model information of the automobile to be installed and sends a scheduling instruction; the transmission system is used for driving the automobile tail door grabbing equipment to grab the tail door according to the dispatching instruction, and assembling the tail door on the automobile to be assembled; through the arrangement mode, intelligent assembly of tail doors with different sizes is realized, the problem of high error rate of tail door assembly is effectively reduced, and the labor intensity is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an automobile tail gate gripping apparatus according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure according to FIG. 1A;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a tail gate assembly system of a motor vehicle according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 4 is a second schematic structural view of an automotive tailgate assembly system according to an embodiment of the application;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a structure of a power assist arm according to an embodiment of the application;
in the figure: 1. the vehicle tail gate gripping apparatus 10, load bearing frame 101, second cylinder 20, longitudinal support arm 201, first support portion 202, second support portion 30, transverse support arm 301, first cross member 3011, positioning assembly 302, second cross member 30a, clamping portion 30a1, clamping plate 30a2, first cylinder 30a3, rotary slide, 2, warehouse room 3, assembly room 4, transmission system 41, track 42, booster arm 421, lifting member 4211, mobile frame 4212, third cylinder 4213, hinge arm 422, rotary member a, tail gate b.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of preferred embodiments of the application is made in connection with the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, and together with the description of the embodiments of the application, are used to explain the principles of the application and are not intended to limit the scope of the application.
As shown in fig. 1-2, in one aspect, the present application provides an automobile tail gate gripping apparatus, comprising: a load bearing frame 10, longitudinal arms 20 and transverse arms 30.
The longitudinal support arm 20 is hinged to the bearing frame 10 in a matched manner, a first supporting portion 201 and a second supporting portion 202 are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the longitudinal support arm 20, and the first supporting portion 201 can move along the longitudinal support arm 20 and relatively to the second supporting portion 202; when the longitudinal support arm 20 deflects around the bearing frame 10, the front end of the longitudinal support arm 20 can extend into the door frame of the tail door a, and the first supporting portion 201 abuts against the door frame of the tail door a, and the second supporting portion 202 abuts against the lower portion of the tail door a.
The transverse support arm 30 is mounted on the longitudinal support arm 20, the left end and the right end of the transverse support arm 30 are respectively provided with two clamping parts 30a, and the two clamping parts 30a can move in opposite directions or in opposite directions along the transverse support arm 30; when the two clamping parts 30a move in opposite directions, the two clamping parts 30a are used for clamping the tail gate a.
Specifically, the first supporting portion 201 is configured to provide support for the door frame of the tail gate a, and the specific structure thereof should be adjusted according to the type of the tail gate a, if the door frame edge of the tail gate a is thinner, the first supporting portion 201 may be designed as a U-shaped member, and the U-shaped opening of the U-shaped member is engaged with the door frame edge of the tail gate a in a matching manner (not shown in the drawings); if the door frame edge of the tail door a is thicker, the first supporting portion 201 may be designed as an absorbing member, and the absorbing member is attached to and absorbed by the door frame edge of the tail door a; and the second support 202 is used for supporting the lower portion of the tail gate a, and it is preferable that both the second support 202 and the suction member are vacuum chucks (see fig. 1).
In this embodiment, the longitudinal arm 20 is manually pushed to deflect the longitudinal arm 20 around the bearing frame 10, and the first supporting portion 201 extends forward along the longitudinal arm 20 and abuts against the door frame of the tail door a due to the difference in the door frame sizes of different tail doors a, so as to realize the function of supporting the door frame of the tail door a; the width dimensions of different tail gates a are different, and the two clamping parts 30a can move along the transverse support arms 30 in opposite directions to clamp two sides of the tail gate a. In the above description, the first supporting portion 201 and the second supporting portion 202 are centrally disposed, and respectively support the door frame on the upper portion of the tail gate a and the lower portion of the tail gate a, and the two clamping portions 30a clamp two sides of the tail gate a, so that on one hand, the grabbing stability of the tail gate a is improved, and on the other hand, the grabbing adaptability of the tail gate a with different sizes is also improved.
As a preferred embodiment, a telescopic member, preferably an electric push rod (not shown in the drawings), may be mounted at the front end of the first support 201, and the output end of the telescopic member is in driving connection with the first support 201 for driving the first support 201 to perform telescopic movement along the longitudinal arm 20.
In order to further increase the stability of the gripping tail gate a, the structure of the transverse arm 30 is further defined.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the transverse support arm 30 includes a first cross beam 301 and a second cross beam 302, where the first cross beam 301 and the second cross beam 302 are fixedly connected with the longitudinal support arm 20, and two ends of the first cross beam 301 and the second cross beam 302 are respectively provided with a clamping part 30a, and the first cross beam 301 is fixed at the rear end of the longitudinal support arm 20 and is located below the second cross beam 302; in the above arrangement, the number of the clamping portions 30a is increased to improve the clamping stability of the tail gate a.
Further, the first beam 301 and the second beam 302 each have two clamping portions 30a, a left-right screw rod and a motor, wherein an output end of the motor is axially fixed to the left-right screw rod, and two ends of the left-right screw rod are respectively in threaded connection with the two clamping portions 30a, so as to be used for driving the two clamping portions 30a to move in opposite directions or move in opposite directions, and when the two clamping portions 30a move in opposite directions, the two clamping portions 30a can be abutted to left and right ends of the tail gate a (not shown in the drawing).
Still further, the clamping portion 30a includes a clamping plate 30a1, a first cylinder 30a2 and a rotary sliding member 30a3, two ends of the left-handed screw are respectively in threaded connection with the two rotary sliding members 30a3, the rotary sliding member 30a3 is slidably mounted on the first beam 301 and the second beam 302, the clamping plate 30a1 is rotatably mounted on the rotary sliding member 30a3, the first cylinder 30a2 is fixed with the rotary sliding member 30a3, and an output end of the first cylinder 30a2 is hinged with the clamping plate 30a1 for driving the clamping plate 30a1 to deflect around the rotary sliding member 30a3 (see fig. 2).
In this embodiment, the motor drives the left-right screw rod to rotate, so that the two rotary sliding members 30a3 move along the first beam 301 or the second beam 302 in opposite directions, and further drive the two clamping plates 30a1 to move in opposite directions, and simultaneously the output end of the first cylinder 30a2 can perform telescopic movement to drive the clamping plates 30a1 to deflect, and the structure of the clamping plates 30a1 is properly adjusted according to the model corresponding to the tail gate a, for example, if the clamping plates 30a1 have a bayonet, the first cylinder 30a2 drives the clamping plates 30a1 to deflect until the bayonet of the clamping plates 30a1 can be aligned with the side edge of the tail gate a for clamping connection; if the clamping plate 30a1 has a clamping block, the first cylinder 30a2 drives the clamping plate 30a1 to deflect until the clamping block of the clamping plate 30a1 can be matched and pressed with the end face of the tail gate a.
Further, the first cross beam 301 further comprises a positioning component 3011, the positioning component 3011 is detachably connected with the first cross beam 301, the positioning component 3011 comprises a base, an elastic piece and an inserting rod, a containing cavity is formed in the base, the elastic piece is fixedly sleeved on the inserting rod and abuts against the inner wall of the containing cavity, and when the inserting rod is matched with the inserting hole in the tail gate a, the elastic piece is in a compressed state.
In this embodiment, when the longitudinal arm 20 is manually pushed to deflect around the bearing frame 10, the inserting rod is inserted into the insertion hole in the tail gate a, then the longitudinal arm 20 continues to deflect, the elastic member is gradually pressed, and simultaneously a reaction force is given to the inserting rod to prevent the inserting rod from separating from the insertion hole, and finally the first supporting portion 201 and the second supporting portion 202 are propped against the upper portion of the tail gate a and the lower portion of the tail gate a, and the two clamping plates 30a1 are propped against both sides of the tail gate a to fix the tail gate a; in the above-mentioned setting mode, through the jack cooperation in inserted bar and the tail-gate a, can guarantee follow-up steady going on to tail-gate a snatchs the process.
Instead of manually pushing the longitudinal arms 20, a second cylinder 101 may be mounted on the carriage 10, the output end of the second cylinder 101 being hinged to the longitudinal arms 20 for driving the longitudinal arms 20 to deflect around the carriage 10.
As shown in fig. 3-5, the application further provides an assembly system of the automobile tail gate a, which comprises an automobile tail gate grabbing device 1, a plurality of warehouse rooms 2, an assembly room 3, a code scanner, a control system and a transmission system 4.
The tail gates a with different types are respectively arranged in the storage rooms 2, and the types of the tail gates a in any storage room 2 are the same.
An automobile b to be mounted is placed in the assembly room 3, and a vehicle type bar code is attached to the automobile b to be mounted.
The code scanner is arranged in the assembly room 3 and is used for scanning the bar code of the vehicle type and acquiring the vehicle type information of the vehicle b to be installed.
The control system matches the model information of the corresponding tail gate a according to the model information of the automobile b to be installed and sends a scheduling instruction.
The transmission system 4 is arranged along the discharge ports of the storage rooms 2 and the feed ports of the assembly rooms 3, the output end of the transmission system 4 is fixed with the bearing frame 10, and the tail gate grabbing equipment 1 of the automobile is driven to grab the tail gate a according to the dispatching instruction, and the tail gate a is assembled on the automobile b to be assembled.
Specifically, the control system stores vehicle type information, width of the tail gate a, height of the door frame of the tail gate a, radian of the appearance surface of the tail gate a and the like, and specific scheduling instructions are determined by program logic written by a program writer (see table 1), for example, a code scanner scans a vehicle type bar code, the control system matches a vehicle type code number in a system database according to the vehicle type bar code, and calls an instruction number corresponding to the vehicle type code number, and different instruction numbers correspond to different model information of the tail gate a, namely, information containing the width of the tail gate a, the height of the door frame of the tail gate a and the radian of the appearance surface of the tail gate a.
Table 1:
the structure of the transmission system 4 is further defined.
Referring to fig. 3-4, the transmission system 4 includes a track 41 and a force-aid arm 42, the track 41 is laid between the storage room 2 and the assembly room 3, the force-aid arm 42 includes a lifting member 421 and a rotating member 422, the lifting member 421 is slidably disposed on the track 41, and an output end of the lifting member 421 is in transmission connection with the rotating member 422 for driving the rotating member 422 to perform vertical lifting movement, and an output end of the rotating member 422 is fixedly connected with the bearing frame 10 for driving the bearing frame 10 to rotate.
Referring to fig. 5, the lifting member 421 includes a moving frame 4211, a third air cylinder 4212 and an arm 4213, the moving frame 4211 is slidably disposed on the track 41, the third air cylinder 4212 is fixedly connected with the moving frame 4211, an output end of the third air cylinder 4212 is hinged with the arm 4213, the arm 4213 rotatably passes through the moving frame 4211, and an end of the arm 4213 away from the third air cylinder 4212 is fixedly connected with the rotating member 422.
The working flow of the application is as follows:
the method comprises the steps that a code scanner scans a vehicle type bar code to obtain vehicle type information of a vehicle b to be installed, a control system matches model information of a corresponding tail gate a according to the vehicle type information of the vehicle b to be installed and sends a scheduling instruction to a transmission system 4 and a vehicle tail gate grabbing device 1, and a movable frame 4211 slides to a warehouse room 2 along a track 41 according to the scheduling instruction; the output end of the third air cylinder 4212 performs telescopic movement to adjust the height of the rotating member 422; the output end of the rotating member 422 rotates to adjust the angle of the load-bearing frame 10 so that the car tail gate gripping apparatus 1 extends into the warehouse room 2 and grips the tail gate a, and the rotating member 422 is preferably a rotating motor.
The grabbing process of the tail gate a by the automobile tail gate grabbing device specifically comprises the steps that the output end of the second air cylinder 101 drives the longitudinal support arm 20 to deflect around the bearing frame 10 until the inserting rod of the positioning component 3011 is inserted into the inserting hole in the tail gate a, then the first supporting portion 201 and the second supporting portion 202 respectively abut against the upper portion of the tail gate a and the lower portion of the tail gate a, and finally two clamping plates 30a1 clamp two sides of the tail gate a, wherein the first supporting portion 201 and the second supporting portion 202 are preferably vacuum suckers.
The carriage 4211 then slides along the rail 41 to the assembly room 3, and the vehicle b to be assembled is assembled by the vehicle tailgate gripper 1.
The entire workflow is completed and what is not described in detail in this specification is well known to those skilled in the art.
The present application is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily understood by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present application are intended to be included in the scope of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. An automobile tailgate gripping apparatus, comprising: the device comprises a bearing frame, a longitudinal support arm and a transverse support arm;
the longitudinal support arm is hinged with the bearing frame, a first supporting part and a second supporting part are respectively arranged at the front end and the rear end of the longitudinal support arm, and the first supporting part can move along the longitudinal support arm and relatively to the second supporting part; when the longitudinal support arm deflects around the bearing frame, the front end of the longitudinal support arm can extend into the door frame of the tail door, the first support part abuts against the door frame at the upper part of the tail door, and the second support part abuts against the lower part of the tail door;
the transverse support arm is arranged on the longitudinal support arm, the left end and the right end of the transverse support arm are respectively provided with two clamping parts, and the two clamping parts can move oppositely or reversely along the transverse support arm; when the two clamping parts move oppositely, the two clamping parts are used for clamping the tail gate;
the transverse support arm comprises a first cross beam and at least one second cross beam, the first cross beam and the second cross beam are both arranged on the longitudinal support arm, the clamping parts are arranged at the left end and the right end of the first cross beam and the second cross beam, and the first cross beam is positioned below the second cross beam;
the clamping part comprises a clamping plate, a first cylinder and a rotary sliding piece, wherein two ends of the left-handed screw rod and two ends of the right-handed screw rod are respectively in threaded connection with the two rotary sliding pieces, the rotary sliding pieces are slidably mounted on the first cross beam and the second cross beam, the clamping plate is rotatably mounted on the rotary sliding piece, the first cylinder is fixed with the rotary sliding piece, and the output end of the first cylinder is hinged with the clamping plate so as to be used for driving the clamping plate to deflect around the rotary sliding piece.
2. The vehicle tailgate gripper apparatus of claim 1 wherein the first cross member is removably coupled to a positioning assembly having a plunger that is engageable with a receptacle in the tailgate.
3. The automobile tail door grabbing device according to claim 2, wherein the positioning assembly comprises a base, an elastic piece and the inserting rod, the base is provided with a containing cavity, the elastic piece is fixedly sleeved on the inserting rod and abuts against the inner wall of the containing cavity, and when the inserting rod is matched with the inserting hole in the tail door, the elastic piece is in a compressed state.
4. The automobile tail door grabbing device according to claim 1, wherein the transverse support arm is further provided with a left-right screw rod and a motor, the output end of the motor is axially fixed with the left-right screw rod, and two ends of the left-right screw rod are respectively in threaded connection with the two clamping parts.
5. The vehicle tailgate grabbing device according to claim 1, wherein a telescopic member is fixed to a front end of the first support portion, and an output end of the telescopic member is in driving connection with the first support portion, so as to drive the first support portion to perform telescopic motion along the longitudinal support arm.
6. The vehicle tailgate gripper apparatus of claim 5, wherein the first support and the second support are vacuum cups.
7. An automobile tail door assembly system, which is characterized by comprising a plurality of warehouse rooms, an assembly room, a code scanner, a control system, a transmission system and an automobile tail door grabbing device according to any one of claims 1-6;
the tail gates with different types are respectively arranged in the storage rooms;
an automobile to be installed is placed in the assembly room;
the code scanner is arranged in the assembly room and used for acquiring the vehicle type information of the vehicle to be installed;
the control system matches the model information of the corresponding tail gate according to the model information of the automobile to be installed and sends a scheduling instruction;
the transmission system is arranged along a plurality of discharge holes between the warehouse and the feed inlet between the assembly rooms, the output end of the transmission system is fixedly connected with the bearing frame, and the tail gate grabbing equipment of the automobile is driven to grab the tail gate according to the dispatching instruction, so that the tail gate is assembled on the automobile to be assembled.
8. The automobile tail door assembly system of claim 7, wherein the transmission system comprises a track and a booster arm, the track is laid along a plurality of discharging holes between the warehouse and feeding holes between the assembly, the booster arm comprises a lifting piece and a rotating piece, the lifting piece is arranged on the track in a sliding mode, the output end of the lifting piece is in transmission connection with the rotating piece so as to be used for driving the rotating piece to vertically lift, and the output end of the rotating piece is fixedly connected with the bearing frame so as to be used for driving the bearing frame to rotate.
9. The automobile tail door assembly system of claim 8, wherein the lifting member comprises a movable frame, a third cylinder and an articulated arm, the movable frame is slidably arranged on the rail, the third cylinder is fixedly connected with the movable frame, the output end of the third cylinder is hinged with the articulated arm, the articulated arm rotatably penetrates through the movable frame, and one end of the articulated arm away from the third cylinder is fixedly connected with the rotating member.
CN202210642297.6A 2022-06-08 2022-06-08 Car tail-gate snatchs equipment and assembly system Active CN115159104B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210642297.6A CN115159104B (en) 2022-06-08 2022-06-08 Car tail-gate snatchs equipment and assembly system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210642297.6A CN115159104B (en) 2022-06-08 2022-06-08 Car tail-gate snatchs equipment and assembly system

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CN116900416B (en) * 2023-09-14 2023-12-05 溧阳市腾新机电设备有限公司 Bevel gear grinding machine tool

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CN106944816A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-14 安徽悦众车身装备有限公司 A kind of tail-gate harness installed for automobile tail gate
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CN207982701U (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-10-19 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Automobile tail gate installs auxiliary manipulator
CN209424879U (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-09-24 成都龙科重型机械制造有限公司 A kind of distance increasing unit installing mechanism
CN110815142A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-21 江苏大学 Automobile door assembling clamp
CN213439338U (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-06-15 安徽瑞祥工业有限公司 Car door mounting and positioning device
CN113857893A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-12-31 岚图汽车科技有限公司 Assembling and positioning method for back door
CN215433411U (en) * 2021-06-15 2022-01-07 芜湖艾德瑞机械制造有限公司 Clamp for assembling and adjusting automobile tail door

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JPH1058243A (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-03-03 Honda Motor Co Ltd Work carrying dolly
JP2004026056A (en) * 2002-06-26 2004-01-29 Honda Motor Co Ltd Tail gate truck for automobile
CN202006843U (en) * 2011-02-16 2011-10-12 浙江吉利汽车有限公司 Assembling and positioning device for vehicle doors
CN106944816A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-14 安徽悦众车身装备有限公司 A kind of tail-gate harness installed for automobile tail gate
CN207972698U (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-10-16 上海蔚来汽车有限公司 A kind of tail-gate mounting device
CN207982701U (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-10-19 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Automobile tail gate installs auxiliary manipulator
CN209424879U (en) * 2019-01-30 2019-09-24 成都龙科重型机械制造有限公司 A kind of distance increasing unit installing mechanism
CN110815142A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-21 江苏大学 Automobile door assembling clamp
CN213439338U (en) * 2020-10-28 2021-06-15 安徽瑞祥工业有限公司 Car door mounting and positioning device
CN215433411U (en) * 2021-06-15 2022-01-07 芜湖艾德瑞机械制造有限公司 Clamp for assembling and adjusting automobile tail door
CN113857893A (en) * 2021-08-25 2021-12-31 岚图汽车科技有限公司 Assembling and positioning method for back door

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