CN114916376A - Three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus - Google Patents

Three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114916376A
CN114916376A CN202210494545.7A CN202210494545A CN114916376A CN 114916376 A CN114916376 A CN 114916376A CN 202210494545 A CN202210494545 A CN 202210494545A CN 114916376 A CN114916376 A CN 114916376A
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coprinus comatus
plastic film
fungus
soil
cultivation
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Inventor
许腾龙
许忠
李娟�
金媛媛
李豹
许安
王继红
张琴
奚夏丽
朱芸
赵明文
蒋宁
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Nanjing Wuyue Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Nanjing Wuyue Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms

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  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)

Abstract

The invention is suitable for the technical field of edible mushroom cultivation, and provides a three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus, which comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: site pretreatment; cleaning and leveling the ground of the cultivation field, spraying lime water with the concentration of 3% for disinfection, and airing for later use; step two: pretreating strains; selecting a coprinus comatus stock which is prepared by a conventional method, has no pollution, strong activity and full hyphae and/or strong physiological performance, taking the coprinus comatus stick with the fungus bag stripped as a strain, and stripping the strain into granular fungus blocks for later use; insert in the inside of fungus wall and be equipped with a plurality of pipes, the fungus piece is grown a filament ripe at every turn, picks the back of accomplishing, extracts the pipe, pours into water liquid into to the downthehole of pipe formation again, guarantees that the fungus piece in each layer earth all can obtain water liquid support and irrigate, and the plastic film and the transparent plastic film of fungus wall bottom and outside parcel all adopt 3% lime wash to soak the disinfection, can effectually avoid the plant diseases and insect pests that the fungus piece received in the growth and development stage to corrode.

Description

Three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of edible mushroom cultivation, and particularly relates to a three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus.
Background
Coprinus comatus is famous as chicken leg, meat quality and meat flavor are similar to chicken shreds, and the coprinus comatus is a rare fungus product with commercial potential, is known as 'new fungus in fungus', is rich in nutrition, delicious in taste and excellent in mouthfeel, is beneficial to appetite promotion and digestion and human immunity enhancement after being eaten frequently, and has high nutritional value.
Coprinus comatus is a straw rotting manure soil-producing fungus with extremely strong adaptability, and the Coprinus comatus belongs to straw rotting fungi, has special biological characteristics, has special characteristics that the coprinus comatus does not cover soil and does not produce mushroom, and the traditional Coprinus comatus production steps are as follows: filling with plastic bags → sterilizing → inoculating → culturing the fungus cylinders → peeling off the fungus cylinders → covering soil for cultivation → producing fresh mushrooms; the cultivation modes mainly include: soil-covered cultivation, bag cultivation, box cultivation, bed cultivation and the like are carried out on a field.
The coprinus comatus is cultivated by simply covering soil in the field, the land utilization rate is low, the labor amount in the production process is large, the procedures are multiple, and the operation is complicated; three-dimensional cultivation can be realized by bag cultivation, box cultivation, bed cultivation and the like, the utilization rate of land is improved, but the production process has the disadvantages of large labor amount, more procedures and complexity.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus, and aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
The invention is realized in such a way that the three-dimensional cultivation method of the coprinus comatus comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: site pretreatment; cleaning and leveling the ground of the cultivation field, spraying lime water with the concentration of 3% for disinfection, and airing for later use;
step two: pretreating strains; selecting a coprinus comatus stock which is prepared by a conventional method, has no pollution, strong activity and full hyphae and/or strong physiological performance, taking the coprinus comatus stick with the fungus bag stripped as a strain, and stripping the strain into granular fungus blocks for later use;
step three: preparing a bacterial wall; spreading a layer of plastic film on a sterilized cultivation field, spreading a layer of soil with the thickness of 3-5 cm and the humidity of 55-65% on the plastic film as a bottom layer, inserting a plurality of round pipes on the soil of the bottom layer at intervals, spreading selected bacteria blocks on the soil of the bottom layer at equal intervals according to the interval of 3-4 cm, selectively spreading a plurality of rows according to the width, wherein the interval of every two adjacent rows of bacteria blocks is 4-5 cm, filling soil with the thickness of 2-3 cm and the humidity of 55-65% in the gap position between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then filling the soil with the thickness of 3-5 cm and the humidity of 55-65% on the soil as a first layer, then laying a plurality of bacteria strains on the soil of the layer at equal intervals of 3-4 cm, filling soil with the thickness of 2-3 cm and the humidity of 55-65% between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then, filling 3-5 cm of soil with the humidity of 55-65% as a second layer, sequentially building to a preset number of layers according to the process of the steps, after building, coating 3-5 cm of thin mud with the water content of 60-70% on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the bacterial wall to serve as a covering soil layer, after coating, airing the thin mud to the water content of 50-55%, and wrapping a transparent plastic film on the outer side of the thin mud to surround the bacterial wall;
step four: the strains are subjected to hairing; when a large amount of hyphae appear on the bacterial wall, tearing the transparent plastic film, and simultaneously adjusting the environment humidity to ensure ventilation in the cultivation field;
step five: picking; when the hyphae on the fungus wall grow for about 5 days, coprinus comatus entity grows on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the fungus wall, and the coprinus comatus entity is harvested when the fungus membranes are not broken;
step six: performing later-stage management; and after harvesting is finished, timely cleaning the overgrown hyphae, stopping spraying water for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field, pulling out a plurality of circular tubes, adding water liquid into holes formed by the circular tubes, inserting the circular tubes after finishing the water spraying, wrapping the circular tubes with transparent plastic films, repeating the three-five steps, and waiting for the next fruiting after about 7 days.
Preferably, in the third step, before the plastic film is selected, 2% -3% limestone is adopted to soak and disinfect the plastic film, and after disinfection is finished, the plastic film is dried in the sun so as to carry out subsequent strain culture.
Preferably, in the third step, the plurality of circular tubes are uniformly and equidistantly arranged according to the length direction of the plastic film.
Preferably, in the third step, before the transparent plastic film arranged around the outer side of the bacterial wall is selected, 2% -3% limestone is firstly adopted to soak and disinfect the transparent plastic film, after disinfection, the transparent plastic film is dried in the sun, and then the bacterial wall is arranged around the transparent plastic film.
Preferably, in the third step, the interval between every two adjacent fungus walls in the cultivation field is suitable for facilitating subsequent management of an operator.
Preferably, in the third step, the bacterial wall management is also required; after the bacterial wall is prepared, the environment temperature in the cultivation field is controlled to be 20-30 ℃, the humidity is 75-85%, when the phenomena of cracking and the like of soil below the transparent plastic film are found, the transparent plastic film is torn, the cracking position is coated with rare mud with the water content of 60-70% until the cracking position is plugged, and after plugging is completed, the bacterial wall is wrapped by the disinfected transparent plastic film.
Preferably, the method also comprises a seventh step of prevention and control; and in the fifth step and the sixth step, after picking is finished, residual hyphae and coprinus comatus entity which cannot be picked are cleaned in time, and meanwhile, in the stage of fungus block hair, culture solution and pesticide are intermittently sprayed to prevent and treat the coprinus comatus entity.
Preferably, in the fourth step, after the transparent plastic film is torn, the daily ventilation in the cultivation field is kept for 8-10 hours, and the environmental humidity is adjusted to 80-90%.
Preferably, in the sixth step, after the water spraying is stopped for about 5 days, the humidity in the cultivation field is adjusted to 80-90%.
Preferably, in the sixth step, the water level in the hole formed by the circular tube is preferably equal to the hole opening.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention relates to a three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus, which comprises the following steps:
(1) the inside of fungus wall is inserted and is equipped with a plurality of pipes, and the fungus piece is grown a hair ripe at every turn, picks the back of accomplishing, all extracts the pipe, pours into water liquid into again to the downthehole water liquid that forms of pipe, guarantees that the fungus piece in each layer earth all can obtain water liquid support and irrigate to guarantee that the fungus piece can all realize the hair ripe at every turn in later stage.
(2) And the plastic film and the transparent plastic film wrapped at the bottom and the outer side of the mushroom wall are soaked in 3 percent lime water for disinfection, so that the corrosion of diseases and insect pests to the mushroom blocks in the growth and development stage can be effectively avoided.
(3) And in the growth and development stage of the fungus block, the air humidity and the air circulation of the cultivation environment are ensured, and the normal growth of the fungus block can be effectively promoted, so that the qualified coprinus comatus entity can be conveniently picked subsequently.
(4) In the growth and development stage of the bacterium block, the culture solution and the insecticide are intermittently sprayed, so that the disease and insect pest erosion caused in the bacterium block growing process can be effectively avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic flow diagram of the process of the present invention;
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, it being understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, the present invention provides a technical solution, a method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus,
the first embodiment is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: site pretreatment; cleaning and leveling the ground of the cultivation field, spraying lime water with the concentration of 3% for disinfection, and airing for later use;
step two: pretreating strains; selecting a coprinus comatus stock which is prepared by a conventional method, has no pollution, strong activity and full of hyphae and/or strong physiological performance, taking a coprinus comatus stick with a fungus bag stripped as a strain, and stripping the strain into granular fungus blocks for later use;
step three: preparing a bacterial wall; spreading a layer of plastic film on a sterilized cultivation field, spreading a layer of soil with the humidity of 55% on the plastic film as a bottom layer, inserting a plurality of circular tubes on the soil of the bottom layer at intervals, spreading selected bacteria blocks on the soil of the bottom layer at equal intervals according to the intervals of 3cm, selecting and laying a plurality of rows according to the width, wherein the interval between every two adjacent bacteria blocks is 4cm, filling soil with the thickness of 2cm and the humidity of 55% in the gap position between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, filling 3m of soil with the humidity of 55% as a first layer, spreading a plurality of strains on the soil of the first layer at equal intervals of 3cm, filling soil with the thickness of 2cm and the humidity of 55% between every two adjacent strains, filling 3cm of soil with the humidity of 55% on the soil, taking the soil with the humidity of 55% as a second layer, according to the flow of the steps, after the building is sequentially built to the preset number of layers, after the building is completed, the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the bacterial wall are coated with 3cm of thin mud with the water content of 60% as a covering soil layer, the thin mud is dried in the air after the coating is completed until the water content is 50%, and the outer side of the thin mud is wrapped with a transparent plastic film to surround the bacterial wall;
step four: the strain is subjected to hairing; when a large amount of hyphae appear on the fungus wall, tearing the transparent plastic film, and simultaneously adjusting the environment humidity and ensuring the ventilation in the cultivation field;
step five: picking; when the mycelium on the mushroom wall grows full for about 5 days, coprinus comatus entity grows on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the mushroom wall, and the coprinus comatus entity is harvested when a fungal film of the coprinus comatus entity is not broken;
step six: performing later-period management; and after harvesting is finished, timely cleaning the overgrown hyphae, stopping spraying water for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field, pulling out a plurality of circular tubes, adding water liquid into holes formed by the circular tubes, inserting the circular tubes after finishing the water spraying, wrapping the circular tubes with transparent plastic films, repeating the three-five steps, and waiting for the next fruiting after about 7 days.
Preferably, in the above step, before the plastic film is selected, 2% limestone is used to soak and disinfect the plastic film, and after disinfection, the plastic film is dried in the sun so as to perform subsequent strain culture.
In the third step, a plurality of round tubes are uniformly and alternately arranged at equal intervals according to the length direction of the plastic film.
In the third step, before the transparent plastic film arranged around the outer side of the bacterial wall is selected, 2% limestone is firstly adopted to soak and disinfect the transparent plastic film, and after the disinfection is finished, the transparent plastic film is dried in the sun, and then the bacterial wall is arranged around the transparent plastic film.
In the third step, in the cultivation field, the interval between every two adjacent fungus walls is convenient for the operator to carry out follow-up management.
In the third step, bacterial wall management is also needed; after the bacterial wall is prepared, the environment temperature in the cultivation field is controlled to be 20 ℃, the humidity is 75%, when the phenomena of cracking and the like of soil below the transparent plastic film are found, the transparent plastic film is torn, thin mud with the water content of 60% is coated at the cracking position until the cracking position is plugged, and after plugging is finished, the bacterial wall is wrapped by the disinfected transparent plastic film.
The method also comprises a seventh step of prevention and control; and in the fifth step and the sixth step, after picking is finished, residual hyphae and coprinus comatus entity which cannot be picked are cleaned in time, and meanwhile, in the stage of fungus block hair, culture solution and pesticide are intermittently sprayed to prevent and treat the coprinus comatus entity.
In the fourth step, after the transparent plastic film is torn off, the daily ventilation in the cultivation field is kept for 8 hours, and the environmental humidity is adjusted to 80%.
And step six, after the water spraying is stopped for about 5 days, the humidity in the cultivation field is adjusted to 80%.
In the sixth step, the water level in the hole formed by the circular tube is preferably equal to the hole opening.
Please refer to fig. 1, embodiment two:
the method comprises the following steps: site pretreatment; cleaning and leveling the ground of the cultivation field, spraying lime water with the concentration of 3% for disinfection, and airing for later use;
step two: pretreating strains; selecting a coprinus comatus stock which is prepared by a conventional method, has no pollution, strong activity and full of hyphae and/or strong physiological performance, taking a coprinus comatus stick with a fungus bag stripped as a strain, and stripping the strain into granular fungus blocks for later use;
step three: preparing a bacterial wall; spreading a layer of plastic film on a sterilized cultivation field, spreading a layer of soil with the humidity of 5cm and the humidity of 65% as a bottom layer on the plastic film, inserting a plurality of round pipes on the soil of the bottom layer at intervals, spreading selected bacteria blocks on the soil of the bottom layer at equal intervals according to the interval of 4cm, selecting and laying a plurality of rows according to the width of the soil, wherein the interval of every two adjacent bacteria blocks is 5cm, filling soil with the thickness of 3cm and the humidity of 65% in the gap position between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then filling the soil with the humidity of 65% of 5cm as a first layer, then laying a plurality of bacteria strains on the soil of the first layer at equal intervals of 4cm, filling the soil with the thickness of 3cm and the humidity of 65% between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then filling the soil with the humidity of 5cm and the humidity of 65% as a second layer, according to the flow of the steps, after the bacterial wall is built to the preset number of layers in sequence, after the building is completed, the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the bacterial wall are coated with 5cm of rare earth with the water content of 70% as a soil covering layer, and after the coating is completed, the rare earth is dried in the air until the water content is 55%, and the outer side of the rare earth is wrapped with a transparent plastic film to surround the bacterial wall;
step four: the strain is subjected to hairing; when a large amount of hyphae appear on the fungus wall, tearing the transparent plastic film, and simultaneously adjusting the environment humidity and ensuring the ventilation in the cultivation field;
step five: picking; when the hyphae on the fungus wall grow for about 5 days, coprinus comatus entity grows on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the fungus wall, and the coprinus comatus entity is harvested when the fungus membranes are not broken;
step six: performing later-period management; and after harvesting is finished, timely cleaning the overgrown hyphae, stopping spraying water for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field, pulling out a plurality of circular tubes, adding water liquid into holes formed by the circular tubes, inserting the circular tubes after finishing the water spraying, wrapping the circular tubes with transparent plastic films, repeating the three-five steps, and waiting for the next fruiting after about 7 days.
Preferably, in the above step, before the plastic film is selected, 3% limestone is used to soak and disinfect the plastic film, and after disinfection, the plastic film is dried in the sun so as to perform subsequent strain culture.
In the third step, a plurality of round tubes are uniformly and alternately arranged at equal intervals according to the length direction of the plastic film.
In the third step, before the transparent plastic film arranged around the outer side of the bacterial wall is selected, the transparent plastic film is soaked and disinfected by 3% limestone, and then dried in the sun after disinfection is finished, and then the bacterial wall is arranged around the transparent plastic film.
In the third step, the interval between every two adjacent fungus walls in the cultivation field is convenient for an operator to perform subsequent management.
In the third step, bacterial wall management is also needed; after the fungus wall is prepared, the environment temperature in the cultivation field is controlled to be 30 ℃, the humidity is 85%, when the phenomena of cracking and the like of soil below the transparent plastic film are found, the transparent plastic film is torn, the cracking position is coated with rare mud with the water content of 70% until the cracking position is plugged, and after plugging is finished, the fungus wall is wrapped by the sterilized transparent plastic film.
Seventhly, prevention and control are carried out; and in the fifth step and the sixth step, after picking is finished, residual hyphae and coprinus comatus entity which cannot be picked are cleaned in time, and meanwhile, in the stage of fungus block hair, culture solution and pesticide are intermittently sprayed to prevent and treat the coprinus comatus entity.
In the fourth step, after the transparent plastic film is torn off, the daily ventilation in the cultivation field is kept for 10 hours, and the environmental humidity is adjusted to 90%.
And step six, after the water spraying is stopped for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field to 90%.
In the sixth step, the water level in the hole formed by the circular tube is preferably equal to the hole opening.
Please refer to fig. 1, embodiment three:
the method comprises the following steps: site pretreatment; cleaning and leveling the ground of the cultivation field, spraying lime water with the concentration of 3% for disinfection, and airing for later use;
step two: pretreating strains; selecting a coprinus comatus stock which is prepared by a conventional method, has no pollution, strong activity and full hyphae and/or strong physiological performance, taking the coprinus comatus stick with the fungus bag stripped as a strain, and stripping the strain into granular fungus blocks for later use;
step three: preparing a bacterial wall; spreading a layer of plastic film on a sterilized cultivation field, spreading a layer of soil with the humidity of 60% on the plastic film as a bottom layer, inserting a plurality of circular tubes on the soil of the bottom layer at intervals, spreading selected bacteria blocks on the soil of the bottom layer at equal intervals of 3.6cm, selecting and laying a plurality of rows according to the width, wherein the interval between every two adjacent bacteria blocks is 4.4cm, filling soil with the humidity of 60% and the thickness of 2.6cm at the gap position between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then filling the soil with the humidity of 60% and the thickness of 4cm as a first layer, then laying a plurality of strains on the first layer at equal intervals of 3.6cm, filling soil with the humidity of 60% and the thickness of 2.6cm between every two adjacent strains, then filling the soil with the humidity of 60% and the humidity of 3.6cm and the humidity of 60% as a second layer, according to the flow of the steps, after the bacterial wall is built to the preset number of layers in sequence, after the building is completed, 4cm of rare earth with the water content of 66% is coated on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the bacterial wall to serve as soil covering layers, and after the coating is completed, the rare earth is dried in the air until the water content is 53%, and the outside of the rare earth is wrapped with a transparent plastic film to surround the bacterial wall;
step four: the strains are subjected to hairing; when a large amount of hyphae appear on the fungus wall, tearing the transparent plastic film, and simultaneously adjusting the environment humidity and ensuring the ventilation in the cultivation field;
step five: picking; when the hyphae on the fungus wall grow for about 5 days, coprinus comatus entity grows on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the fungus wall, and the coprinus comatus entity is harvested when the fungus membranes are not broken;
step six: performing later-period management; and after harvesting is finished, timely cleaning the overgrown hyphae, stopping spraying water for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field, pulling out a plurality of circular tubes, adding water liquid into holes formed by the circular tubes, inserting the circular tubes after finishing the water spraying, wrapping the circular tubes with transparent plastic films, repeating the three-five steps, and waiting for the next fruiting after about 7 days.
Preferably, in the above step, before the plastic film is selected, 2.5% limestone is used to soak and sterilize the plastic film, and after the sterilization is completed, the plastic film is dried in the sun so as to perform the subsequent strain culture.
In the third step, a plurality of round tubes are uniformly and alternately arranged at equal intervals according to the length direction of the plastic film.
In the third step, before the transparent plastic film arranged around the outer side of the bacterial wall is selected, 2.5% limestone is firstly adopted to soak and disinfect the transparent plastic film, and after the disinfection is finished, the transparent plastic film is dried in the sun, and then the bacterial wall is arranged around the transparent plastic film.
In the third step, in the cultivation field, the interval between every two adjacent fungus walls is convenient for the operator to carry out follow-up management.
In the third step, bacterial wall management is also needed; after the fungus wall is prepared, the environment temperature in the cultivation field is controlled to be 25 ℃, the humidity is 80%, when the phenomena of cracking and the like of soil below the transparent plastic film are found, the transparent plastic film is torn, thin mud with the water content of 66% is coated at the cracking position until the cracking position is plugged, and after plugging is finished, the fungus wall is wrapped by the sterilized transparent plastic film.
Seventhly, prevention and control are carried out; and in the fifth step and the sixth step, after picking is finished, residual hyphae and coprinus comatus entity which cannot be picked are cleaned in time, and meanwhile, in the stage of fungus block hair, culture solution and pesticide are intermittently sprayed to prevent and treat the coprinus comatus entity.
In the fourth step, after the transparent plastic film is torn off, the daily ventilation in the cultivation field is kept for 9 hours, and the environmental humidity is adjusted to 84 percent.
And step six, after the water spraying is stopped for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field to 84%.
In the sixth step, the water liquid in the hole formed by the circular tube is preferably added until the height of the water liquid reaches one third to one fourth of the hole opening.
The above description is intended to be illustrative of the preferred embodiment of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the invention, but rather, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus is characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: site pretreatment; cleaning and leveling the ground of the cultivation field, spraying lime water with the concentration of 3% for disinfection, and airing for later use;
step two: pretreating strains; selecting a coprinus comatus stock which is prepared by a conventional method, has no pollution, strong activity and full hyphae and/or strong physiological performance, taking the coprinus comatus stick with the fungus bag stripped as a strain, and stripping the strain into granular fungus blocks for later use;
step three: preparing a bacterial wall; spreading a layer of plastic film on a sterilized cultivation field, spreading a layer of soil with the thickness of 3-5 cm and the humidity of 55-65% on the plastic film as a bottom layer, inserting a plurality of round pipes on the soil of the bottom layer at intervals, spreading selected bacteria blocks on the soil of the bottom layer at equal intervals according to the interval of 3-4 cm, selectively spreading a plurality of rows according to the width, wherein the interval of every two adjacent rows of bacteria blocks is 4-5 cm, filling soil with the thickness of 2-3 cm and the humidity of 55-65% in the gap position between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then filling the soil with the thickness of 3-5 cm and the humidity of 55-65% on the soil as a first layer, then laying a plurality of bacteria strains on the soil of the layer at equal intervals of 3-4 cm, filling soil with the thickness of 2-3 cm and the humidity of 55-65% between every two adjacent bacteria blocks, then, filling 3-5 cm of soil with the humidity of 55-65% as a second layer, sequentially building the second layer to a preset number according to the process of the steps, after building, coating 3-5 cm of rare earth with the water content of 60-70% on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the bacterial wall to serve as a soil covering layer, drying the coated rare earth to the water content of 50-55%, and wrapping a transparent plastic film on the outer side of the rare earth to surround the bacterial wall;
step four: the strain is subjected to hairing; when a large amount of hyphae appear on the fungus wall, tearing the transparent plastic film, and simultaneously adjusting the environment humidity and ensuring the ventilation in the cultivation field;
step five: picking; when the mycelium on the mushroom wall grows full for about 5 days, coprinus comatus entity grows on the top surface and the peripheral side surfaces of the mushroom wall, and the coprinus comatus entity is harvested when a fungal film of the coprinus comatus entity is not broken;
step six: performing later-period management; and after harvesting is finished, timely cleaning the overgrown hyphae, stopping spraying water for about 5 days, adjusting the humidity in the cultivation field, pulling out a plurality of circular tubes, adding water liquid into holes formed by the circular tubes, inserting the circular tubes after finishing the water spraying, wrapping the circular tubes with transparent plastic films, repeating the three-five steps, and waiting for the next fruiting after about 7 days.
2. The three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the third step, the plastic film is soaked and disinfected with 2% -3% limestone before being selected, and then dried in the sun after disinfection, so as to perform subsequent strain cultivation.
3. The method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus according to claim 1, wherein in the third step, the plurality of round tubes are uniformly and equidistantly arranged at intervals according to the length direction of the plastic film.
4. The method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the third step, the transparent plastic film arranged around the outer side of the fungus wall is soaked and sterilized with 2% -3% limestone before being selected, and then dried in the sun after sterilization, and then the fungus wall is arranged around.
5. The method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus according to claim 1, wherein in the third step, the space between every two adjacent fungus walls in the cultivation field is suitable for subsequent management of an operator.
6. The method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus according to claim 4, wherein in the third step, fungus wall management is required; after the bacterial wall is prepared, the environment temperature in the cultivation field is controlled to be 20-30 ℃, the humidity is 75-85%, when the phenomena of cracking and the like of soil below the transparent plastic film are found, the transparent plastic film is torn, the cracking position is coated with rare mud with the water content of 60-70% until the cracking position is plugged, and after plugging is completed, the bacterial wall is wrapped by the sterilized transparent plastic film.
7. The method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus according to claim 1, further comprising a seventh step of prevention and control; and step five and step six, after picking is finished, cleaning residual hyphae and coprinus comatus entity which cannot be picked in time, and intermittently spraying culture solution and pesticide for preventing and treating in a fungus block germination stage.
8. The three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the fourth step, after the transparent plastic film is torn off, daily ventilation in the cultivation field is kept for 8-10 h, and the environmental humidity is adjusted to 80-90%.
9. The three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the sixth step, after the water spraying is stopped for about 5 days, the humidity in the cultivation field is adjusted to 80-90%.
10. The method for three-dimensional cultivation of coprinus comatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the sixth step, the height of the water added into the hole formed by the circular tube is preferably equal to the height of the hole.
CN202210494545.7A 2022-05-07 2022-05-07 Three-dimensional cultivation method of coprinus comatus Pending CN114916376A (en)

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Citations (5)

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CN104285664A (en) * 2013-07-19 2015-01-21 何寒 Efficient coprinus comatus cultivation method
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102612990A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-08-01 何寒 Method for bed cultivation of coprinus comatus
CN102612992A (en) * 2012-03-28 2012-08-01 何寒 Method for wall-type solid cultivation of coprinus comatus
CN103283489A (en) * 2013-06-22 2013-09-11 何寒 Method for stereoscopic cultivation of tricholoma giganteum massees
CN104285664A (en) * 2013-07-19 2015-01-21 何寒 Efficient coprinus comatus cultivation method
CN105052550A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-18 梁德政 Three-dimensional cultivation method for coprinus comatus

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