CN114476494A - Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies - Google Patents

Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114476494A
CN114476494A CN202210141661.0A CN202210141661A CN114476494A CN 114476494 A CN114476494 A CN 114476494A CN 202210141661 A CN202210141661 A CN 202210141661A CN 114476494 A CN114476494 A CN 114476494A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
moving
frames
unit
vertical
controller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202210141661.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶祐立
罗浩诚
陈景豪
戴蔡乐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Saibai Investment Co ltd
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Saibai Investment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Saibai Investment Co ltd filed Critical Saibai Investment Co ltd
Priority to CN202210141661.0A priority Critical patent/CN114476494A/en
Publication of CN114476494A publication Critical patent/CN114476494A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration
    • B65G15/30Belts or like endless load-carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape
    • B65G57/20Stacking of articles of particular shape three-dimensional, e.g. cubiform, cylindrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/0258Trays, totes or bins

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)

Abstract

The arraying machine of the vertical unit body comprises a controller, a rack and an arraying mechanism, wherein the rack comprises at least one vertical rail, the arraying mechanism comprises a Z-axis moving unit, an X-axis moving unit and a Y-axis moving unit, the Z-axis moving unit comprises at least one sliding seat which is combined with the vertical rail of the rack and is controlled by the controller to move along the vertical rail; the X-axis moving unit comprises two first moving frames, one ends of the two first moving frames are connected with the at least one sliding seat, and the two first moving frames are controlled by the controller to move towards or away from each other on a horizontal plane; the Y-axis moving unit comprises at least two second moving frames connected with at least one first moving frame, and the at least two second moving frames are controlled by the controller to move towards or away from each other on the horizontal plane.

Description

Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies
Technical Field
The invention relates to sheet alignment; in particular to an alignment machine of a vertical unit body.
Background
In order to effectively utilize the space of a factory building or facilitate subsequent operation and transportation, a production line often needs to stack and place mass-produced products, and the stacking is utilized to increase the placing space and the operation space, so that manufacturers can conveniently manage the quantity of finished products, or continue to complete the subsequent operation on half-finished products.
The clamping jaw is mostly used by the robot arm to clamp products, and the products are stacked according to the program setting, however, when the clamping jaw finishes the stacking of the products, gaps are often generated between the products, the gaps can make the stacking structure unstable, the stacking structure of the products is unstable and is easy to topple or shift in the conveying process, and then the problems of product damage, operator safety hazard and the like are caused.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, an object of the present invention is to provide an aligning apparatus for upright unit bodies, which can push the upright unit bodies to approach each other to eliminate the gap between the upright unit bodies.
The invention provides an aligning machine of vertical unit bodies, which is used for pushing and drawing a plurality of vertical unit bodies together and comprises a controller, a rack and an aligning mechanism, wherein the rack comprises at least one vertical rail, the aligning mechanism comprises a Z-axis moving unit, an X-axis moving unit and a Y-axis moving unit, the Z-axis moving unit comprises at least one sliding seat which is combined with the vertical rail of the rack and is controlled by the controller to move along the vertical rail; the X-axis moving unit comprises two first moving frames, one ends of the two first moving frames are connected with the at least one sliding seat, and the two first moving frames are controlled by the controller to move towards or away from each other on a horizontal plane; the Y-axis moving unit comprises at least two second moving frames connected with at least one first moving frame, and the at least two second moving frames are controlled by the controller to move towards or away from each other on the horizontal plane.
Therefore, the two first movable frames and the at least two second movable frames surround the plurality of vertical unit bodies together, and the two first movable frames and the at least two second movable frames are controlled to move towards each other to push the plurality of vertical unit bodies to be close to each other.
The invention has the effects that the two first moving frames and the at least two second moving frames surround the plurality of vertical unit bodies together, and the two first moving frames and the at least two second moving frames are controlled to move towards each other to push the plurality of vertical unit bodies to be close to each other, so that the gap between the vertical unit bodies can be effectively eliminated, and the problem that the stacking structure of the vertical unit bodies is unstable and is easy to topple or shift in the conveying process is solved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an aligner for upright unit bodies in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a partially exploded view of the aligner of the above preferred embodiment of the vertical unit.
Fig. 3 is a side view of the frame of the preferred embodiment described above.
Fig. 4 is a side view of the alignment mechanism of the preferred embodiment described above.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of the components of fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion of the components of fig. 4.
FIG. 7 is a top view of the alignment mechanism of the preferred embodiment described above.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion of the components of fig. 7.
Fig. 9A is a schematic diagram of the operation of the alignment mechanism of the preferred embodiment.
FIG. 9B is a schematic diagram of the operation of the alignment mechanism of the preferred embodiment described above.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of an alignment system of the vertical unit cells according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of the alignment system operation of the vertical unit cell of the preferred embodiment.
FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of the alignment system operation of the vertical unit cell of the preferred embodiment.
FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of the alignment system operation of the vertical unit cell of the preferred embodiment.
Detailed Description
In order to more clearly illustrate the present invention, preferred embodiments are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. Referring to fig. 1 to 8, there is shown an aligning machine 1 for upright unit bodies according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, for pushing a plurality of upright unit bodies together, in which the upright unit body in this embodiment is exemplified by a carton B, and includes a controller 10, a frame 20 and an aligning mechanism 30.
The rack 20 includes two vertical rails extending in the Z-axis direction and disposed on the rack 20 at an interval, in this embodiment, the vertical rails of the rack 20 include two vertical supports 22 and two Z-axis sliding rails 23 disposed on the two vertical supports 22, the alignment mechanism 30 is slidably coupled on the Z-axis sliding rails 23, the alignment mechanism 30 includes a Z-axis moving unit, an X-axis moving unit, and a Y-axis moving unit, wherein the Z-axis moving unit includes a first belt 302, a first belt pulley 303, a Z-axis driving motor 304, and a connecting rod 305, the first belt pulleys 303 are disposed at the upper and lower ends of the two vertical supports 22 in a two-set manner, each first belt 302 is wound around a set of first belt pulleys 303, and the two first belt pulleys 303 disposed near the upper side of the rack 20 are connected to one Z-axis driving motor 304 through the connecting rod 305, the Z-axis driving motor 304 is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the aligning mechanism 30 is fixedly connected to the first belt 302, so that the Z-axis driving motor 304 is controlled by the controller 10 and drives the aligning mechanism 30 to move on the Z-axis sliding rail 23 through the first belt pulley 303 and the first belt 302. In addition, in practical applications, the vertical rail may also be a slide rail or other member capable of limiting the movement of the alignment mechanism in the Z-axis direction. It should be noted that the frame 20 further includes a chain 24, a pulley 25 and a counterweight mechanism 26, the pulley 25 is disposed on the frame 20, one end of the chain 24 is connected to the counterweight mechanism 26 after passing around the pulley 25, and the other end is connected to the alignment mechanism 30, so as to reduce the load of the Z-axis driving motor 304 and increase the moving speed of the alignment mechanism 30 in the Z-axis direction.
The Z-axis moving unit includes two sliding bases 301 respectively fixed to two first belts 302, the X-axis moving unit includes a truss 311, a rack 312, two moving bases 313 and a first moving frame 314, the truss 311 is fixed to the two sliding bases 301, the rack 312 is fixed to the upper end of the truss 311, the truss 311 is provided with a sliding rail 315 parallel to the X-axis direction, the two moving bases 313 are slidably combined to the sliding rail 315 of the truss 311, one end of each first moving frame 314 is connected to a corresponding moving base 313, the X-axis moving unit further includes two first driving units 316, for example, motors, and two gears 317, the two driving units are respectively fixed to one moving base 313, the two gears 317 are engaged with the rack 312, and each gear 317 is driven to rotate by one corresponding first driving unit 316, the two first driving units 316 are electrically connected to the controller 10, so that the first driving units 316 are controlled by the controller 10 to drive the gears 317 to rotate on the racks 312 to respectively drive one first moving frame 314 to move in the X-axis direction and to move toward or away from each other in a horizontal plane; in other embodiments, the two first moving frames 314 are controlled by the controller 10 to move in the X-axis direction by a first distance d1 and a second distance d2, wherein the first distance d1 is equal to the second distance d2, and the two first driving units 316 can be controlled by the controller 10 to drive the two moving bases 313 to move in the X-axis direction by different distances according to different carton sizes or placement positions, wherein the first distance d1 is greater than or less than the second distance d 2.
The Y-axis moving unit includes four second moving frames 321, each first moving frame 314 is provided with a first sliding rail 315 parallel to the Y-axis, the second moving frames 321 are slidably combined with the first sliding rail 315 in a group of two and respectively disposed at two ends of one first moving frame 314, each second moving frame 321 has a clamping arm 323 extending along the X-axis direction, so that a space for accommodating a plurality of cartons is formed by each clamping arm 323 of the second moving frames 321 and the two first moving frames 314; the Y-axis moving unit further includes two second driving units 324, two second belts 325 and four second pulleys 326, the two second driving units 324 are respectively disposed on a corresponding first moving frame 314, each second driving unit 324 is a motor and is electrically connected to the controller 10, the plurality of second pulleys 326 are respectively disposed at two ends of a corresponding first moving frame 314 in a group of two, each second belt 325 bypasses a group of second pulleys 326 and is divided into an upper section 325a and a lower section 325b, one of the group of second pulleys 326 is connected to one second driving unit 324, each second driving unit 324 drives the upper section 325a and the lower section 325b of each second belt 325 to move in opposite directions, wherein a second moving frame 321 is fixedly connected to each of the upper section 325a and the lower section 325b of each second belt 325 through a fixing member 327, the controller 10 controls the second driving units 324 to drive the second belt pulleys 326 and 325 to respectively drive the second moving frames 321 of each group to move toward or away from each other on the horizontal plane.
In other embodiments, the number of the second moving frames 321 may be two, for example, one end of each of the two second moving frames is connected to one of the first moving frames, and each of the second moving frames has a clamping arm extending along the X-axis direction to form a space around the two first moving frames for accommodating a plurality of cartons, and the two second moving frames are driven by one driving unit to move toward or away from each other on the horizontal plane.
In summary, the plurality of first moving frames 314 and the plurality of second moving frames 321 surround the plurality of cartons B together, and the plurality of cartons B are pushed to close each other by controlling the first moving frames 314 and the plurality of second moving frames 321 (as shown in fig. 9A and 9B) to move towards each other, so as to eliminate gaps between the plurality of cartons B, and further, the arrangement structure of the plurality of cartons B is more stable for convenient transportation and transportation; in addition, each of the first movable frames 314 and each of the second movable frames 321 are driven by an independent driving unit, so that a user can control each of the first movable frames 314 and each of the second movable frames 321 to move towards different distances through the controller 10 according to different carton sizes or placement positions, and preferably, the controller 10 controls the first movable frames 314 and the second movable frames 321 to simultaneously move towards or away from each other on the same horizontal plane, thereby increasing the working efficiency and avoiding the problem that cartons topple towards a certain direction due to different action times of the first movable frames 314 and the second movable frames 321 moving towards each other; furthermore, the aligning mechanism 30 of the present invention is controlled by the controller 10 to move in the Z-axis direction, so that the aligning mechanism 30 is controlled to move to an appropriate height in the Z-axis direction according to the stacking height of the cartons B, and then the aligning mechanism 30 is controlled to push the plurality of cartons B in the X-axis and Y-axis directions to close each other.
Referring to fig. 10 to 13, an alignment system 2 of vertical units according to the present invention comprises a conveyor 40, a clamping device 50 and the alignment machine 1 of vertical units according to the preferred embodiment, wherein the conveyor 40 is connected to the frame 20 for conveying a pallet S to a workstation W, the clamping device 50 is used for placing a plurality of vertical units on the pallet S, the vertical units are cartons B for example, the alignment machine 1 of vertical units surrounds the vertical units through the two first movable frames 314 and the second movable frames 321, and the two first movable frames 314 and the second movable frames 321 are controlled to move towards each other to push the cartons B towards each other, so that the clamping device 50 horizontally arranges the cartons B above the pallet S to form a layer La to be aligned, after the controller 10 controls the aligning mechanism 30 to move to the periphery of the to-be-aligned layer La in the Z-axis direction according to the product information of the carton B, such as length, width or height, the controller 10 controls the aligning mechanism 30 to clamp the cartons of the to-be-aligned layer La to be close to each other to form an aligned layer Lb, the gripping device 50 horizontally arranges a plurality of cartons on the alignment layer to form another layer to be aligned, and repeating the above operations for a plurality of times, after the cartons are stacked to the required height, the controller 10 controls the aligning mechanism 30 to move to the upper side of the cartons so that the conveyor 40 can convey the aligned cartons to the next station, and thus, the vertical unit bodies can be automatically aligned and stacked, and the problem that the stacking structure of the vertical unit bodies is unstable and is prone to toppling or shifting in the conveying process is solved.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all equivalent changes and modifications to the present invention as described and claimed should be included in the scope of the present invention.
Description of the reference numerals
[ invention ]
1 alignment machine of vertical unit bodies
10 controller
20 frame
22 upright bracket 23Z-axis slide rail 24 chain
25-pulley 26-counterweight mechanism
30 arraying mechanism
301 a slide base 302, a first belt 303, a first pulley
304Z-axis drive motor 305 linkage
311 truss 312 rack
313 moving seat 314 first moving rack 315 slide rail
316 first drive unit 317 gear 321 second mobile frame
322 first slide 323 gripper arm 324 second drive unit
325 second belt 326 second pulley 325a upper section
325b lower section 327 securing element
40 conveying belt
50 clamping device
B paper box
S pallet
W workstation
La to-be-aligned layer Lb aligned layer
d1 first distance d2 second distance
2 alignment machine of vertical unit bodies

Claims (10)

1. A row arranging machine for a plurality of vertical unit bodies is used for pushing and closing the vertical unit bodies, and comprises:
a controller;
a frame including at least one upright rail;
an alignment mechanism comprising:
a Z-axis moving unit including at least one sliding seat coupled to the upright rail of the frame and controlled by the controller to move along the upright rail;
an X-axis moving unit, comprising two first moving frames, one end of each first moving frame is connected with the at least one sliding seat, and the two first moving frames are controlled by the controller to move towards or away from each other on a horizontal plane;
the Y-axis moving unit comprises at least two second moving frames which are connected with at least one first moving frame and are controlled by the controller to move towards or away from each other on the horizontal plane;
therefore, the two first moving frames and the at least two second moving frames surround the plurality of vertical unit bodies together, and the two first moving frames and the at least two second moving frames are controlled to move towards each other to push the plurality of vertical unit bodies to move towards each other, wherein the controller can control the two first moving frames and the at least two second moving frames to move towards each other or separate from each other on a horizontal plane simultaneously.
2. The alignment machine of the vertical unit as claimed in claim 1, wherein the X-axis moving unit includes two first driving units electrically connected to the controller, and the plurality of first driving units are controlled by the controller to respectively drive one first moving frame to move.
3. The arraying machine of the vertical unit cell of claim 2, wherein said frame has two vertical rails, said Z-axis moving unit comprises two slides; the X-axis moving unit comprises a truss connected with the two sliding seats, the two moving seats are slidably combined with the truss, one end of each first moving frame is connected with one corresponding moving seat, the X-axis moving unit further comprises at least one rack and two gears, the at least one rack is fixedly connected with the truss, the two gears are meshed with the racks, and each gear is driven to rotate by one corresponding first driving unit.
4. The arraying machine of claim 3, wherein the number of the second moving frames of the Y-axis moving unit is four, and the plurality of second moving frames are respectively disposed at both ends of a corresponding first moving frame in a two-by-two manner.
5. The alignment machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein the Y-axis moving unit includes two second driving units respectively disposed on a corresponding first moving frame, each of the second driving units is electrically connected to the controller, and the plurality of second driving units are controlled by the controller to respectively drive the second moving frames of each group to move toward or away from each other on the horizontal plane.
6. The alignment machine of the vertical unit body as claimed in claim 5, wherein the Y-axis moving unit includes two belts and four pulleys, the pulleys are respectively disposed at both ends of a corresponding first moving frame in a two-by-two manner, each belt is wound around a group of pulleys and divided into an upper section and a lower section, and one of the pulleys is connected to a second driving unit, each second driving unit drives the upper section and the lower section of each belt to move in opposite directions, wherein a second moving frame is fixed to each of the upper section and the lower section of each belt.
7. The alignment machine for upright units according to claim 1, wherein the two first moving frames are controlled by the controller to move in opposite directions in an X-axis direction by a first distance and a second distance, respectively.
8. The alignment machine of the upright unit cell of claim 7, wherein the first distance is equal to the second distance.
9. The alignment machine of the upright unit cell of claim 7, wherein the first distance is greater than or less than the second distance.
10. An aligning system for vertical units, comprising a conveyor belt, a clamping device and the aligning machine of vertical units according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the conveyor belt is connected to the frame for conveying a pallet to a workstation, the clamping device is used for placing a plurality of vertical units on the pallet, the aligning machine surrounds the vertical units through the two first movable frames and the at least two second movable frames, and the two first movable frames and the at least two second movable frames are controlled to move towards each other to push the vertical units to get close to each other.
CN202210141661.0A 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies Pending CN114476494A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210141661.0A CN114476494A (en) 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910724665.XA CN112340470A (en) 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies
CN202210141661.0A CN114476494A (en) 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies

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CN201910724665.XA Division CN112340470A (en) 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies

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CN201910724665.XA Pending CN112340470A (en) 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 Alignment machine for vertical unit bodies

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5893258A (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-04-13 Lantech Technology Investment Corp. Building and wrapping a stabilized load
CN1825178A (en) * 2006-01-24 2006-08-30 庄添财 Material taking method and automatic material taking machine thereof
KR100930536B1 (en) * 2009-03-29 2009-12-14 (주)한국수송기산업 System for stacking bags on a pallet
US20160001992A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2016-01-07 Suzushi Takao Transport Device For Article Transport Boxes
CN103350886A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-16 深圳市华星光电技术有限公司 Article position correcting device
CN107182208A (en) * 2016-02-08 2017-09-19 不二输送机工业株式会社 Means for correcting
CN109969802A (en) * 2019-05-08 2019-07-05 苏州誉阵自动化科技有限公司 Bottle base folds blanking device

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