CN209009568U - Pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line - Google Patents

Pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209009568U
CN209009568U CN201821041243.XU CN201821041243U CN209009568U CN 209009568 U CN209009568 U CN 209009568U CN 201821041243 U CN201821041243 U CN 201821041243U CN 209009568 U CN209009568 U CN 209009568U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pallet
trolley
clamping
plate
support
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Active
Application number
CN201821041243.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴煜汉
姚清峰
刘煜煌
刘长盛
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Guangzhou Set Up Robot Intelligent Equipment Ltd By Share Ltd
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Guangzhou Set Up Robot Intelligent Equipment Ltd By Share Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the pallet conveyings and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line, including support unit, trolley, pallet and pallet lift unit, support unit includes support frame, pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure and tray positioning mechanism, support frame includes a feeding station, one crawl station, one is returned dress station and a discharge station, there are two pallet lift units for the back side installation of support frame, one of pallet lift unit is aligned with the back side of feeding station, another pallet lift unit is aligned with discharge station, there are two trolleys, front push-in of one of trolley from support frame, and it is fixed on the lower section of feeding station, front push-in of another trolley from support frame, and it is fixed on the lower section of discharge station, multiple layer tray is stacked on the trolley below feeding station, pallet lift unit can be by pallet edge Z-direction is mobile.The utility model structure is simple, easy for installation, occupied area is small and reduces manufacturing cost, realizes automation continuous productive process.

Description

Pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line
Technical field
Pallet conveying the utility model relates to industrial automation equipment technology field, on especially a kind of automatic assembly line And switching system.
Background technique
Under the policy support of made in China 2025, the production of intelligence, automation, flexibility based on industrial robot Line is more more and more universal.Automatic conveying and switching system are the aorta vessels of entire industrial automatic assembly line.It is removed based on robot In the automatic injection production line of fortune, at feeding, it is often necessary to fill semi-finished product to be molded with pallet, at discharging, need Empty pallet places the finished product of injection formed, and the conveying of pallet and the switching of empty pallet, which utilize, becomes a technological difficulties.Having at present In the production process of article transmission, frequently with gear-rack drive, Belt Conveying, straight-line guide rail slide block guiding etc., these drivings It is higher to machine components machining accuracy, equipment installation and debugging required precision with guidance mode, and occupied area is larger.
Utility model content
The shortcomings that the purpose of the utility model is to overcome the prior arts, provide a kind of structure it is simple, it is easy for installation, land occupation Area is small and reduces pallet conveying and the switching system on the automatic assembly line of manufacturing cost, realizes automation continuous productive process.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of pallet conveying on automatic assembly line and being cut Change system, including support unit, trolley, pallet and pallet lift unit, the support unit includes support frame, can be by pallet It clamps and the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure moved along Y-direction and the tray positioning mechanism that pallet can be positioned, support frame as described above Dress station and a discharge station, the back side installation of support frame as described above are returned including a feeding station, a crawl station, one There are two pallet lift unit, one of pallet lift unit is aligned with the back side of feeding station, another pallet lift list Member is aligned with discharge station, and there are two the trolleys, and one of trolley is pushed into from the front of support frame, and is fixed on feeding work The lower section of position, another trolley is pushed into from the front of support frame, and is fixed on the lower section of discharge station, is located at below feeding station Trolley on be stacked with multiple layer tray, the pallet lift unit can move pallet along Z-direction.
Further, the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure has two groups, wherein one group of pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure will Pallet is moved to crawl station along Y-direction from feeding station, and another group of pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure is by pallet from going back to dress station edge Y-direction is moved to discharge station.
Further, the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure includes pallet Y-direction translating sections and pallet clamping part,
The pallet Y-direction translating sections include Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder seat, Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder, clamping seats one, Y-direction guide rail one, Clamping seats two, linkage board and Y-direction guide rail two, the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder seat are fixed on the side of support frame, and the Y-direction translates gas Cylinder is fixedly mounted on the end of Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder seat along Y-direction, and the flexible shaft end of the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder is fixedly connected with folder Tight seat one is also fixedly installed with Y-direction guide rail seat along Y-direction on support frame as described above, and the Y-direction guide rail one is fixedly mounted on Y-direction guide rail On seat, the lower surface of the clamping seats one and Y-direction guide rail one are slidably connected, and the other side of support frame as described above is also solid along Y-direction Dingan County is equipped with Y-direction guide rail two, and the clamping seats two are slidably connected with Y-direction guide rail two, the clamping seats one and clamping seats two It is fixedly connected by linkage board,
Pallet clamping part, the pallet clamping part packet are mounted on the clamping seats one and the clamping seats two Include clamping cylinder, clamp mounting plate, L-type block and locating piece, the clamping cylinder along X to being fixedly mounted on clamping seats, it is described The flexible shaft end of clamping cylinder is fixed with clamping mounting plate, and the clamping mounting plate is arranged along Y-direction, the clamping mounting plate Inside is fixed at least one L-type plate and two locating pieces, and described two locating pieces are divided into the two sides of L-type plate, and two fixed The distance between position block is equal to the length of pallet.
Further, the pallet clamping part further includes linear bearing and guiding axis, and the linear bearing is along X to fixation It is mounted on clamping seats, the guiding axis is fitted in linear bearing, and the guiding the tip of the axis and clamping mounting plate It is fixedly connected.
Further, the trolley includes trolley bottom plate, tray support plate and stopping convex block, the bottom surface of the trolley bottom plate Universal wheel and directional wheel easy to remove are installed, two pieces of pallet branch being parallel to each other are fixed on the top surface of the trolley bottom plate Fagging, the upper surface of every block of tray support plate are equipped at least one support plate locating convex block, the tray support plate it is outer It is fixed with tray support guide plate on side wall, stopping convex block, the trolley are fixed on the front side outer wall of the trolley bottom plate The front inner wall of bottom plate is equipped with trolley and clamps coordination block, and the platform convenient for holding is further fixed on the rear wall of the trolley bottom plate Vehicle push bracket.
Further, the pallet includes tray substrate, tray side panels and product orientation column, and the tray substrate is in rectangle Structure, is respectively fixed with tray side panels at left and right sides of tray substrate, and the top surface of the tray side panels is positioned equipped with pallet Convex block, the bottom surface left and right sides of the tray substrate have pallet positioning groove, and the pallet locating convex block and pallet are fixed Position groove matches, and consistency from top to bottom, and the pallet positioning groove below undermost pallet can be stuck in the support plate positioning On convex block, the upper surface of the tray substrate is equipped with multiple product orientation columns, and multiple product orientation column rectangular arrays are arranged, Location hole is additionally provided on the tray substrate.
Further, the tray positioning mechanism is mounted on the crawl station of support frame and returns on dress station, the pallet Positioning mechanism includes that positioning base, positioning Z-direction cylinder, positioning pin mounting plate and positioning pin, the positioning base are fixed on support On frame, the positioning Z-direction cylinder is fixedly mounted on positioning base, and the telescopic shaft of the positioning Z-direction cylinder can be stretched along Z-direction Contracting is fixed with horizontally disposed positioning pin mounting plate in the flexible the tip of the axis of positioning Z-direction cylinder, on the positioning pin mounting plate It is fixed with the positioning pin of at least one Z-direction, when pallet is moved to crawl station and returns on dress station, the positioning pin is right at its The corresponding positioning hole of the lower insertion of positioning Z-direction cylinder stretching effect answered.
Further, the pallet lift unit includes supporting plate lifting support, supporting plate X mobile to translation mechanism, supporting plate Z-direction Mechanism, supporting plate and trolley clamping positioning mechanism,
The supporting plate X to translation mechanism include X to flat-removing air cyclinder, X to translating rails and X to translation slide, the supporting plate Along X to being equipped with X to flat-removing air cyclinder seat on the top surface of lifting support, the X is to flat-removing air cyclinder along X to being mounted on X to translation gas In cylinder seat, the X to the two sides of flat-removing air cyclinder seat also along X to being equipped with X that two are parallel to each other to translating rails, the X to Translation slide be slidably installed in X on translating rails, flexible shaft end from the X to flat-removing air cyclinder and X to translation slide Transmission connection,
Supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism is fixed on X on translation slide, and supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism includes that Z-direction is mobile Motor, Z-direction moving guide rail, Z-direction turn-screw and Z-direction moving sliding base, the Z-direction moving guide rail are mounted on X to translation along Z-direction The front side of slide, the Z-direction mobile motor are fixed on the lower end of Z-direction moving guide rail, are also equipped between the Z-direction moving guide rail Z-direction turn-screw, the Z-direction mobile motor and Z-direction turn-screw are sequentially connected, and the Z-direction moving sliding base is slidably installed On Z-direction moving guide rail, and the Z-direction moving sliding base is connect with Z-direction turn-screw by being threadedly engaged,
The supporting plate along X to the front side for being fixed on Z-direction moving sliding base,
It is further fixed on stopping concave block on front side of the supporting plate lifting support, when the lower section of trolley push-in support frame, is stopped Convex block, which is caught in, to be stopped on the inside of concave block.
Further, the trolley clamping positioning mechanism is set to the two sides of supporting plate lifting support, and the trolley clamps positioning Mechanism includes trolley clamping cylinder support, trolley clamping cylinder, articulated slab, intermediate plate and clamping plate, the trolley clamping cylinder Support is fixed on the side wall of supporting plate lifting support, and the trolley clamping cylinder is hingedly mounted on the top of trolley clamping cylinder support Portion side, the articulated slab are T-type structure, and the first end of the articulated slab and the top other side of trolley clamping cylinder support are cut with scissors It connects, the second end of the articulated slab and the flexible shaft end of trolley clamping cylinder are hinged, the third end and centre of the articulated slab One end of plate is hinged, and the other end of the intermediate plate and the upper end of clamping plate are hinged, and the middle part of the clamping plate and trolley clamp Cylinder saddle is hinged, and the lower end of the clamping plate is equipped with gripping block, the gripping block trolley clamping cylinder it is flexible when energy Trolley is enough acted on to clamp on coordination block.
Further, the support unit further includes the rolling support machine that can be supported pallet and can reduce dragging resistance Structure, the rolling supporting mechanism are mounted on the crawl station of support frame and return on dress station, and the rolling supporting mechanism includes rolling Dynamic support base, scroll wheel mounting rack and scroll wheel, the scroll wheel mounting rack are fixedly mounted on branch by rolling support seat along Y-direction On support, multiple scroll wheels are placed with along Y-direction on the scroll wheel mounting rack.
Further, the pallet conveying on the automatic assembly line and switching system further include the trolley convenient for trolley disengaging Leading truck, the trolley leading truck are respectively arranged below feeding station and the discharge station of support frame.
The utility model has the advantage that
1, occupied area is small, and conveying positioning accuracy is high, reliable performance, easy for installation.The pallet that piece uploading is completed can be used for into Continuous productive process is realized in the placement of product, and conveying process is simple, easy to control.Cost, satisfaction injection molding can be reduced certainly by designing above The delivery requirements of dynamic production.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the side structure schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the overlooking structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of the tray positioning mechanism of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the tray positioning mechanism of the utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the rolling supporting mechanism of the utility model;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the trolley of the utility model;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the pallet of the utility model;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the pallet lift unit of the utility model;
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of the trolley clamping positioning mechanism of the utility model;
In figure: 1- support unit, 1a- support frame, 1b- pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure, 1b1- pallet Y-direction translating sections, 1b11-Y is to flat-removing air cyclinder seat, and 1b12-Y is to flat-removing air cyclinder, 1b13- clamping seats one, guide's 1b14-Y rail chair, 1b15-Y direction guiding rail One, 1b16- clamping seats two, 1b17- linkage board, 1b18-Y direction guiding rail two, 1b2- pallet clamping part, 1b21- clamping cylinder, 1b22- clamps mounting plate, 1b23-L template, 1b24- locating piece, 1b25- linear bearing, 1b26- guiding axis, the positioning of 1c- pallet Mechanism, 1c1- positioning base, 1c2- position Z-direction cylinder, 1c3- positioning pin mounting plate, 1c4- positioning pin, 1d- rolling support machine Structure, 1d1- rolling support seat, 1d2- scroll wheel mounting rack, 1d3- scroll wheel, 2- trolley, 2a- trolley bottom plate, 2b- universal wheel, 2c- directional wheel, 2d- tray support plate, 2e- support plate locating convex block, 2f- tray support guide plate, 2g- stop convex block, 2h- platform Vehicle clamps coordination block, 2i- trolley push bracket, 3- pallet, 3a- tray substrate, 3b- tray side panels, 3c- product orientation column, 3d- pallet Locating convex block, 3e- pallet positioning groove, 3f- pallet location hole, 4- pallet lift unit, 4a- supporting plate lifting support, 4b- supporting plate X is slided to translating rails, 4b4-X to translation to flat-removing air cyclinder seat, 4b2-X to flat-removing air cyclinder, 4b3-X to translation mechanism, 4b1-X Seat, 4c- supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism, 4c1-Z are held in the palm to moving guide rail, 4c3-Z to moving sliding base, 4d- to mobile motor, 4c2-Z Plate, 4e- trolley clamping positioning mechanism, 4e1- trolley clamping cylinder support, 4e2- trolley clamping cylinder, 4e3- articulated slab, 4e4- Intermediate plate, 4e5- clamping plate, 4e6- gripping block, 4f- stop concave block, 5- trolley leading truck.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described with reference to the accompanying drawing, but the protection scope of the utility model is not limited to It is as described below.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, the pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line, including support unit 1, trolley 2, pallet 3 and pallet lift unit 4, the support unit 1 include support frame 1a, can clamp pallet 3 and along Y To mobile pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure 1b and the tray positioning mechanism 1c, support frame as described above 1a that pallet 3 can be positioned Dress station and a discharge station, the back side peace of support frame as described above 1a are returned including a feeding station, a crawl station, one There are two pallet lift unit 4, one of pallet lift units 4 to be aligned with the back side of feeding station for dress, another pallet liter Drop unit 4 is aligned with discharge station, and there are two the trolleys 2, and one of trolley 2 is pushed into from the front of support frame 1a, and solid It is scheduled on the lower section of feeding station, another trolley 2 is pushed into from the front of support frame 1a, and is fixed on the lower section of discharge station, position Multiple layer tray 3 is stacked on trolley 2 below feeding station, the pallet lift unit 4 can move pallet 3 along Z-direction. Under normal conditions, stackable on trolley 2 to have 6 layers of pallet 3.
Further, the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure 1b has two groups, wherein one group of pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure Pallet 3 is moved to crawl station along Y-direction from feeding station by 1b, another group of pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure 1b by pallet 3 from It returns dress station and is moved to discharge station along Y-direction.
Further, as shown in figure 4, the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure 1b include pallet Y-direction translating sections 1b1 and Pallet clamping part 1b2, the pallet Y-direction translating sections 1b1 include Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder seat 1b11, Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder 1b12, One 1b13 of clamping seats, one 1b15 of Y-direction guide rail, two 1b16 of clamping seats, linkage board 1b17 and Y-direction guide rail two 1b18, the Y are to flat The side that cylinder block 1b11 is fixed on support frame 1a is moved, the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder 1b12 is fixedly mounted on Y-direction translation gas along Y-direction The flexible shaft end of the end of cylinder seat 1b11, the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder 1b12 is fixedly connected with one 1b13 of clamping seats, the support It also is fixedly installed with Y-direction guide rail seat 1b14 along Y-direction on frame 1a, one 1b15 of Y-direction guide rail is fixedly mounted on guide's Y rail chair On 1b14, the lower surface of one 1b13 of clamping seats and one 1b15 of Y-direction guide rail are slidably connected, and support frame as described above 1a's is another Lateral edge Y-direction is also fixedly installed with two 1b18 of Y-direction guide rail, two 1b16 of clamping seats and two 1b18 of Y-direction guide rail and is slidably matched company Connect, one 1b13 of clamping seats is fixedly connected with two 1b16 of clamping seats by linkage board 1b17, in one 1b13 of clamping seats and Pallet clamping part 1b2 is mounted on two 1b16 of clamping seats, the pallet clamping part 1b2 includes clamping cylinder 1b21, it mounting plate 1b22, L-type block 1b23 and locating piece 1b24, the clamping cylinder 1b21 is clamped clamps along X to being fixedly mounted on On seat, the flexible shaft end of the clamping cylinder 1b21, which is fixed with, clamps mounting plate 1b22, and the clamping mounting plate 1b22 is along Y-direction Setting is fixed at least one L-type plate 1b23 and two locating piece 1b24 on the inside of the clamping mounting plate 1b22, described two Locating piece 1b24 is divided into the two sides of L-type plate 1b23, and the distance between two locating piece 1b24 are equal to the length of pallet 3.
Further, please continue to refer to Fig. 4, the pallet clamping part 1b2 further includes linear bearing 1b25 and guiding axis Along X to being fixedly mounted on clamping seats, the guiding axis 1b26 is fitted to linear bearing by 1b26, the linear bearing 1b25 In 1b25, and the end of the guiding axis 1b26 is fixedly connected with mounting plate 1b22 is clamped.
Further, as shown in figure 8, the trolley 2 is including trolley bottom plate 2a, tray support plate 2d and stops convex block 2g, The bottom surface of the trolley bottom plate 2a is equipped with universal wheel 2b and directional wheel 2c easy to remove, on the top surface of the trolley bottom plate 2a The upper surface of tray support plate 2d, every piece of tray support plate 2d that two pieces are parallel to each other are fixed with equipped at least one support Plate locating convex block 2e is fixed with tray support guide plate 2f on the lateral wall of the tray support plate 2d, in the trolley bottom plate It is fixed on the front side outer wall of 2a and stops convex block 2g, the front inner wall of the trolley bottom plate 2a is equipped with trolley and clamps coordination block 2h is further fixed on the trolley push bracket 2i convenient for holding on the rear wall of the trolley bottom plate 2a.
Further, as shown in figure 9, the pallet 3 includes tray substrate 3a, tray side panels 3b and product orientation column 3c, The tray substrate 3a is in rectangular configuration, and tray side panels 3b, the pallet are respectively fixed at left and right sides of tray substrate 3a The top surface of side plate 3b is equipped with pallet locating convex block 3d, and pallet positioning is had at left and right sides of the bottom surface of the tray substrate 3a Groove 3e, the pallet locating convex block 3d matches with pallet positioning groove 3e, and consistency from top to bottom, undermost 3 lower section of pallet Pallet positioning groove 3e can be stuck on the support plate locating convex block 2e, the upper surface of the tray substrate 3a is equipped with more A product orientation column 3c, multiple product orientation column 3c rectangular arrays are arranged, and are additionally provided with location hole on the tray substrate 3a 3f。
Further, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, the tray positioning mechanism 1c be mounted on support frame 1a crawl station and It returns on dress station, the tray positioning mechanism includes positioning base 1c1, positioning Z-direction cylinder 1c2, positioning pin mounting plate 1c3 and determines Position pin 1c4, the positioning base 1c1 are fixed on support frame 1a, and the positioning Z-direction cylinder 1c2 is fixedly mounted on positioning base On 1c1, the telescopic shaft of the positioning Z-direction cylinder 1c2 can be flexible along Z-direction, in the flexible the tip of the axis of positioning Z-direction cylinder 1c2 It is fixed with horizontally disposed positioning pin mounting plate 1c3, the positioning of at least one Z-direction is fixed on the positioning pin mounting plate 1c3 1c4 is sold, when pallet 3 is moved to crawl station and returns on dress station, the positioning pin 1c4 is in its corresponding positioning Z to cylinder In the corresponding location hole 3f of the lower insertion of 1c2 stretching effect.
Further, as shown in Figure 10, the pallet lift unit 4 include supporting plate lifting support 4a, supporting plate X to translation machine Structure 4b, supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism 4c, supporting plate 4d and trolley clamping positioning mechanism 4e, the supporting plate X to translation mechanism 4b include X To flat-removing air cyclinder 4b2, X to translating rails 4b3 and X to translation slide 4b4, on the top surface of the supporting plate lifting support 4a along X to X is installed to flat-removing air cyclinder seat 4b1, the X to flat-removing air cyclinder 4b2 along X to being mounted on X on flat-removing air cyclinder seat 4b1, the X It is also slided to the two sides of flat-removing air cyclinder seat 4b1 to the X that two are parallel to each other is equipped with to translating rails 4b3, the X to translation along X Seat 4b4 is slidably installed in X on translating rails 4b3, and the X is slided to the flexible shaft end and X of flat-removing air cyclinder 4b2 to translation Seat 4b4 transmission connection, supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism 4c are fixed on X on translation slide 4b4, supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism 4c includes that Z-direction mobile motor 4c1, Z-direction moving guide rail 4c2, Z-direction turn-screw and Z-direction moving sliding base 4c3, the Z-direction are mobile Guide rail 4c2 is mounted on X to the front side of translation slide 4b4 along Z-direction, and the Z-direction mobile motor 4c1 is fixed on Z-direction moving guide rail 4c2 Lower end, Z-direction turn-screw is also equipped between the Z-direction moving guide rail 4c2, the Z-direction mobile motor 4c1 and Z-direction are driven Lead screw transmission connection, the Z-direction moving sliding base 4c3 are slidably installed on Z-direction moving guide rail 4c2, and the mobile cunning of the Z-direction Seat 4c3 and Z-direction turn-screw, which pass through to be threadedly engaged, to be connect, the supporting plate 4d along X to the front side for being fixed on Z-direction moving sliding base 4c3, In the present embodiment, the upper end of Z-direction moving guide rail 4c2 is additionally provided with upper limit switch, and lower end is additionally provided with lower position switch, on the one hand It prevents from Z-direction moving sliding base 4c3 from crossing displacement to move, on the other hand can monitor the vertical position of supporting plate 4d, be convenient for Z-direction mobile motor 4c1 The displacement of accurate control supporting plate 4d.
It is further fixed on front side of the supporting plate lifting support 4a and stops concave block 4f, when trolley 2 is pushed into the lower section of support frame 1a When, stop convex block 2g and is caught on the inside of stopping concave block 4f.In the present embodiment, stopping being additionally provided in concave block 4f close to switch, when When being caught in close to inductive switching to stopping convex block 2g, signal can be passed to controller, controller, which is immediately controlled trolley and clamps, to be determined Trolley 2 is clamped and is positioned by position mechanism 4e, prevents pallet lift unit 4 when holding up pallet 3, trolley 2 shakes.
Further, as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, the trolley clamping positioning mechanism 4e is set on supporting plate lifting support 4a's Two sides, the trolley clamping positioning mechanism 4e include trolley clamping cylinder support 4e1, trolley clamping cylinder 4e2, articulated slab 4e3, Intermediate plate 4e4 and clamping plate 4e5, the trolley clamping cylinder support 4e1 is fixed on the side wall of supporting plate lifting support 4a, described Trolley clamping cylinder 4e2 is hingedly mounted on the top side of trolley clamping cylinder support 4e1, and the articulated slab 4e3 is T junction Structure, the first end of the articulated slab 4e3 and the top other side of trolley clamping cylinder support 4e1 are hinged, the articulated slab 4e3 Second end and trolley clamping cylinder 4e2 flexible shaft end it is hinged, the third end of the articulated slab 4e3 and intermediate plate 4e4's One end is hinged, and the upper end of the other end and clamping plate 4e5 of the intermediate plate 4e4 is hinged, the middle part of the clamping plate 4e5 and trolley Clamping cylinder support 4e1 is hinged, and the lower end of the clamping plate 4e5 is equipped with gripping block 4e6, and the gripping block 4e6 is pressed from both sides in trolley Tight cylinder 4e2 it is flexible when can act on trolley and clamp on coordination block 2h.
Further, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 7, the support unit 1 further includes that can support pallet 3 and can reduce dragging The rolling supporting mechanism 1d, the rolling supporting mechanism 1d of resistance are mounted on the crawl station of support frame 1a and return on dress station, The rolling supporting mechanism 1d includes rolling support seat 1d1, scroll wheel mounting rack 1d2 and scroll wheel 1d3, the scroll wheel installation Frame 1d2 is fixedly mounted on support frame 1a along Y-direction by rolling support seat 1d1, along Y to row on the scroll wheel mounting rack 1d2 It is furnished with multiple scroll wheel 1d3.
Further, as shown in Figure 1, pallet conveying and switching system on the automatic assembly line further include convenient for trolley The trolley leading truck 5 of 2 disengaging, the trolley leading truck 5 are respectively arranged below feeding station and the discharge station of support frame 1a.
The course of work of the utility model is as follows: on automatic injection production line, first filling on station in returning for support frame 1a An empty pallet 3 is placed, manually the trolley 2 for being stacked with pallet 3 is pushed into below the support frame 1a of feeding station, trolley clamps Cylinder 4e2 is shunk, by a series of link mechanism, so that the gripping block 4e6 on clamping plate 4e5 is pressed on the platform on trolley 2 Vehicle clamps on coordination block 2h, so that trolley is fixed, X is shunk to flat-removing air cyclinder 4b2, drives Z-direction moving sliding base 4c3 sidesway backward Dynamic, while Z-direction mobile motor 4c1 is rotated, and supporting plate 4d is driven to move down, when supporting plate 4d is moved to lower limit, X is to translation gas Cylinder 4b2 stretches out, and driving Z-direction moving sliding base 4c3, side is mobile forward, and supporting plate 4d is inserted into the lower section of lowest level pallet 3 at this time, and Z-direction is moved Dynamic motor 4c1 is rotated backward, and drives supporting plate 4d to move up, so that top layer's pallet 3 is moved to pallet Y translation clamping machine structure 1b Working range in, clamping cylinder 1b21 stretch out, drive clamp mounting plate 1b22 drawn close to centre, L-type plate 1b23 will be before pallet 3 Two sides clamp afterwards, while locating piece 1b24 is stuck in the left and right sides of pallet 3, realize the clamping of pallet 3, Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder 1b12 It shrinks, drives pallet 3 mobile to crawl station, after pallet 3 is moved to crawl station, positioning Z-direction cylinder 1c2 stretches out, so that Positioning pin 1c4 be inserted into pallet 3 pallet location hole 3f in, prevent in the process of grasping pallet 3 move, by six-joint robot The semi-finished product successively grabbed in pallet 3 by handgrip carry out injection molding production to injection molding machine, and the finished product for being molded completion is put to time dress work In pallet 3 on position, after the pallet 3 returned on dress station is filled, then the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure by returning on dress station Pallet 3 is moved to discharge station by 1b, after the pallet 3 for filling injecting products is moved to discharge station, then by pallet lift unit 4 Pallet 3 is put back on the trolley 2 below discharge station, after the pallet 3 on trolley 2 piles with, by manually pushing away the finished product It walks, is pushed into new empty station vehicle, recycles again.After whole system starting, it only need to be manually pushed into the trolley of semi-finished product to be molded, released It is molded the finished product trolley completed, realizes the continuous productive process of injection molding.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, for the ordinary skill in the art, It is understood that these embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and spirit, repaired Change, replacement and variant, the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line, it is characterised in that: including support unit (1), trolley (2), pallet (3) and pallet lift unit (4), the support unit (1) include support frame (1a), can clamp pallet (3) And the pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure (1b) moved along Y-direction and the tray positioning mechanism (1c) that pallet (3) can be positioned, institute Stating support frame (1a) includes a feeding station, a crawl station, one time dress station and a discharge station, the support There are two pallet lift unit (4), the back sides of one of pallet lift unit (4) and feeding station for the back side installation of frame (1a) Alignment, another pallet lift unit (4) is aligned with discharge station, and there are two the trolleys (2), one of trolley (2) from The front push-in of support frame (1a), and it is fixed on the lower section of feeding station, another trolley (2) is pushed away from the front of support frame (1a) Enter, and be fixed on the lower section of discharge station, is stacked with multiple layer tray (3), the support on the trolley (2) below feeding station Disk lifting unit (4) can move pallet (3) along Z-direction.
2. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure (1b) has two groups, wherein one group of pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure (1b) is by pallet (3) from feeding Station is moved to crawl station along Y-direction, and another group of pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure (1b) is by pallet (3) from dress station is returned along Y-direction It is moved to discharge station.
3. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: The pallet Y-direction translation clamping machine structure (1b) includes pallet Y-direction translating sections (1b1) and pallet clamping part (1b2), the support Disk Y-direction translating sections (1b1) include Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder seat (1b11), Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder (1b12), clamping seats one (1b13), Y Direction guiding rail one (1b15), clamping seats two (1b16), linkage board (1b17) and Y-direction guide rail two (1b18), the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder seat (1b11) is fixed on the side of support frame (1a), and the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder (1b12) is fixedly mounted on Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder along Y-direction The end of seat (1b11), the flexible shaft end of the Y-direction flat-removing air cyclinder (1b12) is fixedly connected with clamping seats one (1b13), described It is also fixedly installed with Y-direction guide rail seat (1b14) along Y-direction on support frame (1a), the Y-direction guide rail one (1b15) is fixedly mounted on Y-direction On track base (1b14), the lower surface of the clamping seats one (1b13) and Y-direction guide rail one (1b15) are slidably connected, the branch The other side of support (1a) is also fixedly installed with Y-direction guide rail two (1b18) along Y-direction, the clamping seats two (1b16) and Y-direction guide rail Two (1b18) sliding connection, the clamping seats one (1b13) and clamping seats two (1b16) connect by the way that linkage board (1b17) is fixed It connects,
It is mounted on pallet clamping part (1b2) on the clamping seats one (1b13) and the clamping seats two (1b16), it is described Pallet clamping part (1b2) includes clamping cylinder (1b21), clamps mounting plate (1b22), L-type block (1b23) and locating piece (1b24), for the clamping cylinder (1b21) along X to being fixedly mounted on clamping seats, the telescopic shaft of the clamping cylinder (1b21) is last End, which is fixed with, clamps mounting plate (1b22), and the clamping mounting plate (1b22) is arranged along Y-direction, clamping mounting plate (1b22) Inside is fixed at least one L-type plate (1b23) and two locating pieces (1b24), and described two locating pieces (1b24) are divided into L-type The two sides of plate (1b23), and the distance between two locating pieces (1b24) are equal to the length of pallet (3).
4. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described Pallet clamping part (1b2) further includes linear bearing (1b25) and guiding axis (1b26), and the linear bearing (1b25) is along X to admittedly Dingan County is on clamping seats, and the guiding axis (1b26) is fitted in linear bearing (1b25), and the guiding axis The end of (1b26) is fixedly connected with mounting plate (1b22) is clamped.
5. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Trolley (2) includes trolley bottom plate (2a), tray support plate (2d) and stops convex block (2g), the bottom surface peace of the trolley bottom plate (2a) Equipped with universal wheel (2b) and directional wheel (2c) easy to remove, it is fixed with two pieces on the top surface of the trolley bottom plate (2a) and mutually puts down The upper surface of capable tray support plate (2d), every piece of tray support plate (2d) is equipped at least one support plate locating convex block (2e) is fixed with tray support guide plate (2f) on the lateral wall of the tray support plate (2d), in the trolley bottom plate (2a) Front side outer wall on be fixed with and stop convex block (2g), the front inner wall of the trolley bottom plate (2a) is equipped with trolley and clamps coordination block (2h) is further fixed on the trolley push bracket (2i) convenient for holding on the rear wall of the trolley bottom plate (2a).
6. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described Pallet (3) includes tray substrate (3a), tray side panels (3b) and product orientation column (3c), and the tray substrate (3a) is in rectangle knot Structure is respectively fixed with tray side panels (3b) at left and right sides of tray substrate (3a), is set on the top surface of the tray side panels (3b) Have pallet locating convex block (3d), has pallet positioning groove (3e), institute at left and right sides of the bottom surface of the tray substrate (3a) It states pallet locating convex block (3d) to match with pallet positioning groove (3e), and consistency from top to bottom, the support below undermost pallet (3) Disk positioning groove (3e) can be stuck on the support plate locating convex block (2e), and the upper surface of the tray substrate (3a) is equipped with Multiple product orientation columns (3c), multiple product orientation column (3c) rectangular arrays are arranged, and are additionally provided on the tray substrate (3a) Location hole (3f).
7. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described Tray positioning mechanism (1c) is mounted on the crawl station of support frame (1a) and returns on dress station, and the tray positioning mechanism includes fixed Position pedestal (1c1), positioning Z-direction cylinder (1c2), positioning pin mounting plate (1c3) and positioning pin (1c4), the positioning base (1c1) It is fixed on support frame (1a), the positioning Z-direction cylinder (1c2) is fixedly mounted on positioning base (1c1), the positioning Z-direction The telescopic shaft of cylinder (1c2) can be flexible along Z-direction, is fixed in the flexible the tip of the axis of positioning Z-direction cylinder (1c2) horizontally disposed Positioning pin mounting plate (1c3), the positioning pin (1c4) of at least one Z-direction is fixed on the positioning pin mounting plate (1c3), when When pallet (3) is moved to crawl station and returns on dress station, the positioning pin (1c4) is in its corresponding positioning Z-direction cylinder (1c2) In the corresponding location hole (3f) of the lower insertion of stretching effect.
8. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described Pallet lift unit (4) include supporting plate lifting support (4a), supporting plate X to translation mechanism (4b), supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism (4c), Supporting plate (4d) and trolley clamping positioning mechanism (4e),
The supporting plate X to translation mechanism (4b) include X to flat-removing air cyclinder (4b2), X to translating rails (4b3) and X to translation slide (4b4), along X to being equipped with X to flat-removing air cyclinder seat (4b1) on the top surface of the supporting plate lifting support (4a), the X is to translation gas Cylinder (4b2) is along X to being mounted on X on flat-removing air cyclinder seat (4b1), and the X is to the two sides of flat-removing air cyclinder seat (4b1) also along X to peace To translating rails (4b3), X's X being parallel to each other equipped with two is slidably installed in X to translation slide (4b4) to translation On guide rail (4b3), the X is sequentially connected to the flexible shaft end and X of flat-removing air cyclinder (4b2) to translation slide (4b4),
Supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism (4c) is fixed on X in translation slide (4b4), supporting plate Z-direction mobile mechanism (4c) packet Z-direction mobile motor (4c1), Z-direction moving guide rail (4c2), Z-direction turn-screw and Z-direction moving sliding base (4c3) are included, the Z-direction is moved Dynamic guide rail (4c2) is mounted on X to the front side of translation slide (4b4) along Z-direction, and the Z-direction mobile motor (4c1) is fixed on Z-direction shifting The lower end of guide rail (4c2) is moved, is also equipped with Z-direction turn-screw, the Z-direction mobile motor between the Z-direction moving guide rail (4c2) (4c1) and Z-direction turn-screw are sequentially connected, and the Z-direction moving sliding base (4c3) is slidably installed at Z-direction moving guide rail (4c2) On, and the Z-direction moving sliding base (4c3) is connect with Z-direction turn-screw by being threadedly engaged,
The supporting plate (4d) along X to the front side for being fixed on Z-direction moving sliding base (4c3),
It is further fixed on front side of the supporting plate lifting support (4a) and stops concave block (4f), when trolley (2) push-in support frame (1a) When lower section, stops convex block (2g) and be caught on the inside of stopping concave block (4f).
9. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: described Trolley clamping positioning mechanism (4e) is set to the two sides of supporting plate lifting support (4a), and the trolley clamping positioning mechanism (4e) includes platform Vehicle clamping cylinder support (4e1), trolley clamping cylinder (4e2), articulated slab (4e3), intermediate plate (4e4) and clamping plate (4e5), institute It states trolley clamping cylinder support (4e1) to be fixed on the side wall of supporting plate lifting support (4a), trolley clamping cylinder (4e2) hinge The top side for being mounted on trolley clamping cylinder support (4e1) is connect, the articulated slab (4e3) is T-type structure, the articulated slab The first end of (4e3) and the top other side of trolley clamping cylinder support (4e1) are hinged, the second end of the articulated slab (4e3) It is hinged with the flexible shaft end of trolley clamping cylinder (4e2), the one of the third end of the articulated slab (4e3) and intermediate plate (4e4) End is hinged, and the upper end of the other end and clamping plate (4e5) of the intermediate plate (4e4) is hinged, the middle part of the clamping plate (4e5) and Hingedly, the lower end of the clamping plate (4e5) is equipped with gripping block (4e6), the gripping block to trolley clamping cylinder support (4e1) (4e6) trolley clamping cylinder (4e2) it is flexible when can act on trolley clamp coordination block (2h) on.
10. pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating support unit (1) further includes the rolling supporting mechanism (1d) that can be supported pallet (3) and can reduce dragging resistance, the rolling Supporting mechanism (1d) is mounted on the crawl station of support frame (1a) and returns on dress station, and the rolling supporting mechanism (1d) includes rolling Dynamic support base (1d1), scroll wheel mounting rack (1d2) and scroll wheel (1d3), the scroll wheel mounting rack (1d2) pass through rolling along Y-direction Dynamic support base (1d1) is fixedly mounted on support frame (1a), is placed with multiple rollings along Y-direction on the scroll wheel mounting rack (1d2) Driving wheel (1d3).
CN201821041243.XU 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 Pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line Active CN209009568U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821041243.XU CN209009568U (en) 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 Pallet conveying and switching system on a kind of automatic assembly line

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110683314A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-01-14 上海大学 Automatic loading and unloading robot unit and method for automatic processing equipment
CN110683343A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-01-14 宁夏共享机床辅机有限公司 Positioning device of chopping machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110683314A (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-01-14 上海大学 Automatic loading and unloading robot unit and method for automatic processing equipment
CN110683343A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-01-14 宁夏共享机床辅机有限公司 Positioning device of chopping machine

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