CN114162594A - Flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and feeding and discharging method thereof - Google Patents

Flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and feeding and discharging method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114162594A
CN114162594A CN202111503167.6A CN202111503167A CN114162594A CN 114162594 A CN114162594 A CN 114162594A CN 202111503167 A CN202111503167 A CN 202111503167A CN 114162594 A CN114162594 A CN 114162594A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
material frame
assembly
rotating
conveying
feeding
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Pending
Application number
CN202111503167.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈远明
庄章龙
周子昂
李帆
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Zhejiang Xuantian Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Shanghai Sharetek Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Sharetek Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Shanghai Sharetek Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Sharetek Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202111503167.6A priority Critical patent/CN114162594A/en
Publication of CN114162594A publication Critical patent/CN114162594A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration
    • B65G15/10Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration comprising two or more co-operating endless surfaces with parallel longitudinal axes, or a multiplicity of parallel elements, e.g. ropes defining an endless surface
    • B65G15/12Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration comprising two or more co-operating endless surfaces with parallel longitudinal axes, or a multiplicity of parallel elements, e.g. ropes defining an endless surface with two or more endless belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types

Abstract

The application discloses a flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and a feeding and discharging method thereof, wherein the feeding and discharging mechanism comprises a connecting line body group, a material frame rotating mechanism and a feeding mechanism; the connecting line body group comprises a first conveying component and a second conveying component which are arranged in an upper layer and a lower layer, and the feeding end of the second conveying component is positioned below the discharging end of the first conveying component; the material frame rotating mechanism comprises a lifting assembly, a rotating assembly and a fixed back plate, wherein the rotating assembly and the fixed back plate are in transmission connection with the lifting assembly; the lifting assembly can drive the fixed back plate and the rotating assembly to move up and down, the rotating assembly comprises a rotating driving assembly and a material frame rotating table, and the rotating driving assembly can drive the material frame rotating table to rotate in two directions at 90 degrees on the horizontal plane; the feeding mechanism is used for dragging a tray in a material frame borne on the material frame rotary table to the feeding mechanism through the air cylinder clamping jaw. This application overall arrangement is compact, account for the space small, and the unloading process is incessant goes on, and the operating efficiency is high.

Description

Flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and feeding and discharging method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical automation, in particular to a flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and a feeding and discharging method thereof.
Background
At present, the automatic loading and unloading system is an indispensable part in the non-standard automation industry. The lifting basket material frame and the tray are matched with jacking and dragging systems in different forms, so that the lifting basket material frame and the tray are in butt joint with a conveying line body, and full-automatic feeding and discharging are realized. Most of the feeding and discharging systems in the industry still adopt a mode of taking and placing material frames one by one, and only one material frame is operated in the whole cycle. In the clearance of material frame change, go up the unloading process and need well weak point, the process of production and processing needs the pause, and this has influenced machining efficiency to a certain extent.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and a feeding and discharging method thereof, which can complete automatic feeding and discharging and simultaneously realize pre-storage of material frames, namely full-load material frames and no-load material frames can be simultaneously stored in the material frames, and the feeding and discharging process is not interrupted at the interval of replacing the material frames, thereby ensuring that the rhythm of a production line is uninterrupted and improving the operating efficiency.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the application first aspect provides a unloading mechanism in flexible self-loopa mini storehouse formula, includes: the connecting line body group, the material frame rotating mechanism and the feeding mechanism; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the connecting line body group comprises a first conveying assembly and a second conveying assembly which are arranged in an upper layer and a lower layer, the first conveying assembly is configured to convey material frames along a first horizontal direction, and the second conveying assembly is configured to convey the material frames along a second horizontal direction opposite to the first horizontal direction; the feeding end of the second conveying assembly is positioned below the discharging end of the first conveying assembly;
the material frame rotating mechanism comprises a lifting assembly, a rotating assembly and a fixed back plate, wherein the rotating assembly and the fixed back plate are in transmission connection with the lifting assembly; the lifting assembly can drive the fixed back plate and the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the discharging end of the first conveying assembly or move to a position close to the feeding end of the second conveying assembly; the rotating assembly comprises a rotating driving assembly and a material frame rotating platform which is positioned above the rotating driving assembly and driven to rotate by the rotating driving assembly, a line body is arranged in the material frame rotating platform, and the rotating driving assembly can drive the material frame rotating platform to rotate in a 90-degree bidirectional mode on the horizontal plane, so that an opening of a material frame borne on the material frame rotating platform is switched between the directions towards the feeding mechanism and the direction perpendicular to the connection line body group;
the feeding mechanism is arranged above the discharge end of the first conveying assembly, the feed end of the feeding mechanism faces the material frame rotating mechanism, and the feeding mechanism is used for dragging a tray in a material frame borne on the material frame rotating table to the feeding mechanism through the clamping jaw air cylinder.
Preferably, the first conveying assembly and the second conveying assembly are both horizontally arranged belt conveyors and respectively comprise two parallel conveying belts arranged side by side at intervals and a motor for synchronously driving the two conveying belts to rotate.
Preferably, the material frame includes the collet, the both sides of collet are equipped with the side and keep off, the side keeps off equidistantly and is equipped with the baffle, the baffle can be used for placing the tray.
More preferably, when the material frame is placed on the connecting line body group, one side of the material frame is blocked towards the material frame rotating mechanism.
Preferably, the feeding mechanism comprises a horizontally arranged fixed support, a tray track and a tray dragging assembly, wherein the tray track and the tray dragging assembly are arranged on the fixed support; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the tray track comprises a first track and a second track which are arranged in parallel and used for placing a tray, and the tray can move along the first track and the second track;
the tray pulls the subassembly and includes horizontal electric jar and sliding connection in the clamping jaw cylinder on the horizontal electric jar, clamping jaw cylinder fixed connection is in electric jar linking bridge, and electric jar linking bridge passes through slide sliding connection on the linear guide of horizontal electric jar, clamping jaw cylinder's output is connected with the clamping jaw, the clamping jaw presss from both sides tightly or releases under clamping jaw cylinder's effect the tray, clamping jaw cylinder removes the clamping jaw along the horizontal direction under the drive of horizontal electric jar, realizes pulling of tray and moves.
Preferably, the lifting assembly comprises: the lifting main board that sets up along vertical direction to and set up lead screw motor, two elevating guide rails and the lift lead screw that sets up along lifting main board length direction on the lifting main board surface, the slider slide set up in on the elevating guide rail, slider fixed connection the fixed backplate, the lift lead screw sets up between two elevating guide rails, the lift lead screw is rotated by lead screw motor drive, the lift lead screw with fixed backplate threaded connection, the lead screw motor passes through the drive of lift lead screw the fixed backplate slides on the elevating guide rail.
Preferably, the rotary drive assembly comprises: the utility model discloses a material frame revolving stage, including the rotation drive mounting panel, the rotation drive cylinder is connected to fixed backplate, and its link is realized rotating along Z axle direction, and a transmission piece is connected to the output of rotation drive cylinder, the intermediate point fixed connection of transmission piece, rotation drive actuating cylinder and axis of rotation are installed to the rotation drive mounting panel, and rotation drive actuating cylinder is connected to fixed backplate, and its link is realized rotating along Z axle direction, and the rotation drives actuating cylinder's output and connects a transmission piece, the intermediate point fixed connection of transmission piece the axis of rotation, axis of rotation pass from bottom to top behind the rotation drive mounting panel with the bottom fixed connection of material frame revolving stage, the output of rotation drive actuating cylinder promotes the transmission piece for the transmission piece winds the axis of rotation rotates, thereby realizes that material frame revolving stage is rotatory.
More preferably, the two ends of the transmission block within the range of motion are provided with buffers, and the buffers are fixed on the lower surface of the rotary driving mounting plate.
Preferably, the wire body in the material frame turntable comprises: the material frame conveying device comprises a material frame conveying motor, a driving shaft and a driven shaft, wherein synchronous wheels are arranged at two ends of the driving shaft and two ends of the driven shaft respectively, a material frame conveying belt is arranged between the synchronous wheels on the driving shaft and the synchronous wheels on the driven shaft, a transmission belt is arranged between the output end of the material frame conveying motor and the driving shaft, and the material frame conveying motor can drive the driving shaft, the driven shaft and the material frame conveying belt to run through the transmission belt; the conveying direction of the material frame conveying belt is parallel to the conveying direction of the first conveying assembly and the second conveying assembly.
Preferably, the material frame rotary table comprises a bottom plate, and lateral limiting plates are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate.
Preferably, a position sensor is further arranged on the material frame rotary table.
The application second aspect provides the last unloading method of unloading mechanism on mini storehouse of above-mentioned flexible self-loopa, includes:
placing a material frame fully loaded with materials on a first conveying assembly of a connecting line body group, wherein an opening of the material frame faces to a direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the first conveying assembly, the first conveying assembly moves, and the material frame is conveyed to a material frame rotating mechanism;
a lifting assembly of the material frame rotating mechanism drives the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the discharging end of the first conveying assembly along the vertical direction, and a line body in the material frame rotating table receives the material frame and transfers the material frame to the material frame rotating table;
the lifting assembly drives the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the feeding end of the feeding mechanism along the vertical direction, the rotating driving assembly drives the material frame rotating platform to rotate for 90 degrees, so that an opening of a material frame borne on the material frame rotating platform faces to the feeding end of the feeding mechanism, and a clamping jaw cylinder of the feeding mechanism pulls out a tray in the material frame one by one and transports the tray to a main line body of a production line to realize feeding;
after the tray in the material frame is taken out, the rotating driving assembly drives the material frame rotary table to rotate for 90 degrees in the reverse direction, so that the opening of the material frame borne on the material frame rotary table faces to be perpendicular to the connection line body group, and the lifting assembly drives the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the feeding end of the second conveying assembly along the vertical direction;
the line body in the material frame rotary table drives the material frame to move the material frame rotary table, the second conveying assembly moves, the unloaded material frame is conveyed back to the tail end of the second conveying assembly and is taken away manually, and the whole feeding and discharging process is completed.
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme of the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the utility model provides a unloading mechanism in flexible self-loopa mini storehouse formula when accomplishing automatic unloading of going up, has realized the pre-access of material frame, and the full load material frame can be saved simultaneously with no-load material frame wherein promptly, at the interval of changing the material frame, goes up the unloading process and does not break off, guarantees that production line rhythm is incessant, has improved the operating efficiency.
The flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism is reasonable and compact in layout and small in occupied space.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiments of the application and, together with the description, serve to explain the application and are not intended to limit the application. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a flexible self-circulating mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the feeding mechanism;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a tray towing assembly;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a material frame rotating mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a rotating assembly carrying a frame, wherein the frame is rotated 90 degrees;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the rotating assembly prior to rotation;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the rotating assembly after rotation.
Illustration of the drawings:
1. connecting a cable body group; 11. a first transfer assembly; 12. a second transfer assembly;
2. a feeding mechanism; 21. fixing a bracket; 22. a first track; 23. a second track; 24. a tray; 25. a tray towing assembly; 2501. a horizontal electric cylinder; 2502. a clamping jaw cylinder; 2503. a clamping jaw; 2504. the electric cylinder is connected with the bracket; 2505. a slide base;
3. a material frame rotating mechanism;
31. a lifting assembly; 3101. lifting the main board; 3102. a screw motor; 3103. a lifting guide rail; 3104. a lifting screw rod;
32. a rotating assembly; 321. a rotary drive assembly; 3211. a rotation drive mounting plate; 3212. a rotational drive mounting bracket; 3213. a rotary driving cylinder; 3214. a rotating shaft; 3215. a transmission block; 3216. a buffer; 322. a material frame turntable; 3221. a base plate; 3222. a side limiting plate; 3223. a synchronizing wheel; 3224. a position sensor; 3225. a material frame conveying belt;
33. fixing the back plate;
4. and (7) material frame.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and effects of the present invention clearer and clearer, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of the present invention and in the above-described drawings are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order, it being understood that the data so used may be interchanged under appropriate circumstances. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Example (b):
fig. 1 is a three-dimensional structure diagram of a flexible self-circulation mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism.
As shown in fig. 1, the flexible self-circulation mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism is divided into three parts, and two connecting line bodies are used for realizing the access of a full-load material frame and a no-load material frame; the material frame rotating mechanism 3 realizes the rotation and lifting of the material frame 4, and the opening of the material frame 4 is butted with the direction of the feeding mechanism 2; the feeding mechanism 2 drags the tray 24 in the material frame 4 to realize feeding.
Specifically, the docking line body group 1 comprises a first conveying assembly 11 and a second conveying assembly 12 which are arranged in an upper layer and a lower layer, the first conveying assembly 11 is configured to convey the material frames 4 along a first horizontal direction, and the second conveying assembly 12 is configured to convey the material frames 4 along a second horizontal direction opposite to the first horizontal direction; the feeding end of the second conveying assembly 12 is positioned below the discharging end of the first conveying assembly 11. The first conveying assembly 11 and the second conveying assembly 12 are both horizontally arranged belt conveyors, and each belt conveyor comprises two parallel conveying belts arranged side by side at intervals and a motor for synchronously driving the two conveying belts to rotate.
In this application, material frame 4 includes the collet, the both sides of collet are equipped with the side and keep off, the side keeps off equidistantly and is equipped with the baffle, the baffle can be used for placing tray 24. When the material frame 4 is placed on the connection line body group 1, one side of the material frame 4 is blocked towards the material frame rotating mechanism 3.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the feeding mechanism 2.
As shown in fig. 2, the feeding mechanism 2 is disposed above the discharging end of the first conveying assembly 11, the feeding end of the feeding mechanism 2 faces the material frame rotating mechanism 3, and the feeding mechanism 2 is configured to drag the tray 24 in the material frame 4 carried on the material frame rotating mechanism 3 onto the feeding mechanism 2 through the clamping jaw cylinder 2502.
The feeding mechanism 2 comprises a fixed support 21 arranged horizontally, and a tray track and tray dragging component 25 arranged on the fixed support 21. The fixing bracket 21 is used for fixing related equipment and is fixed with a production line main line body connection end; the tray rail comprises a first rail 22 and a second rail 23 which are arranged in parallel and used for placing a tray 24, and the tray 24 can move along the first rail 22 and the second rail 23; and the tray 24 in the charging basket is taken out by the tray dragging component 25 and is transported to the main line body, and the process is completed.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the pallet towing assembly 25, which is driven by electric and pneumatic cylinders.
Specifically, the tray dragging assembly 25 includes a horizontal electric cylinder 2501 and a clamping jaw cylinder 2502 slidably connected to the horizontal electric cylinder 2501, the clamping jaw cylinder 2502 is fixedly connected to an electric cylinder connecting bracket 2504, the electric cylinder connecting bracket 2504 is slidably connected to a linear guide rail of the horizontal electric cylinder 2501 through a sliding seat 2505, a clamping jaw 2503 is connected to an output end of the clamping jaw cylinder 2502, the clamping jaw 2503 clamps or releases the tray 24 under the action of the clamping jaw cylinder 2502, and the clamping jaw cylinder 2502 moves the clamping jaw 2503 in the horizontal direction under the driving of the horizontal electric cylinder 2501 to realize the dragging action of the tray 24.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the frame rotating mechanism 3.
Referring to fig. 4, the material frame rotating mechanism 3 includes a lifting assembly 31, and a rotating assembly 32 and a fixed back plate 33 which are in transmission connection with the lifting assembly 31, wherein the rotating assembly 32 is fixed on the fixed back plate 33. The lifting assembly 31 can drive the fixed back plate 33 and the rotating assembly 32 to move to a position close to the discharging end of the first conveying assembly 11 or to a position close to the feeding end of the second conveying assembly 12. The rotating assembly 32 includes a rotating driving assembly 321, and a frame rotating platform 322 located above the rotating driving assembly 321 and driven by the rotating driving assembly 321 to rotate. As shown in fig. 6, the material frame turntable 322 includes a bottom plate 3221, side limiting plates 3222 are disposed on two sides of the bottom plate 3221, and a wire is disposed in the material frame turntable 322. The rotation driving assembly 321 can drive the frame turntable 322 to perform 90-degree bidirectional rotation on the horizontal plane, so that the opening of the frame 4 carried on the frame turntable 322 is switched between a direction towards the feeding mechanism 2 and a direction perpendicular to the connecting line body group 1.
Wherein, lifting unit 31's structure is comparatively simple, specifically includes: the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting main board 3101 arranged along the vertical direction, and a lead screw motor 3102, two lifting guide rails 3103 and a lifting lead screw 3104 which are arranged on the surface of the lifting main board 3101 along the length direction of the lifting main board 3101, wherein a slider is arranged on the lifting guide rails 3103 in a sliding manner and fixedly connected with a fixed back plate 33, the lifting lead screw 3104 is arranged between the two lifting guide rails 3103, the lifting lead screw 3104 is driven by the lead screw motor 3102 to rotate, the lifting lead screw 3104 is in threaded connection with the fixed back plate 33, and the fixed back plate 33 is driven by the lead screw motor 3102 to slide on the lifting guide rails 3103 through the lifting lead screw 3104.
Fig. 5 is an isometric view of the rotating assembly 32, showing the material frame 4 rotated 90 °. The fixed back plate 33 is connected with a rotary driving mounting plate 3211, and the material frame turntable 322 is arranged on the rotary driving mounting plate 3211. The material frame turntable 322 is internally provided with a line body formed by a transmission belt, a synchronizing wheel, a material frame conveying motor and the like, so that the material frame 4 can move transversely.
Fig. 6 and 7 are oblique and lower isometric views of the rotary component 32 to show details of the rotary driving component 321. Wherein the rotation driving assembly 321 includes: the rotary driving mounting frame 3212 and the rotary driving mounting plate 3211 installed on the rotary driving mounting frame 3212, the rotary driving mounting plate 3213 and the rotating shaft 3214 are installed on the rotary driving mounting plate 3211, the rotary driving cylinder 3213 is connected to the fixed back plate 33, the connecting end of the rotary driving cylinder is rotated along the Z-axis direction, the output end of the rotary driving cylinder 3213 is connected to a transmission block 3215, the middle point of the transmission block 3215 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 3214, the rotating shaft 3214 penetrates through the rotary driving mounting plate 3211 from bottom to top and then is fixedly connected to the bottom of the bezel turntable 322, the output end of the rotary driving cylinder 3213 pushes the transmission block 3215, so that the transmission block 3215 rotates around the rotating shaft 3214, and the bezel turntable 322 is rotated. The two ends of the transmission block 3215 are provided with buffers 3216, the buffers 3216 are fixed to the lower surface of the rotary driving mounting plate 3211 to absorb the inertia output by the rotary driving cylinder 3213, so that the whole rotation process is smooth and collision and vibration caused by rigid braking are avoided. The line body in material frame revolving stage 322 includes: the material frame conveying device comprises a material frame conveying motor, a driving shaft and a driven shaft, wherein two ends of the driving shaft and the driven shaft are respectively provided with a synchronizing wheel 3223, a material frame conveying belt 3225 is arranged between the synchronizing wheel 3223 on the driving shaft and the synchronizing wheel 3223 on the driven shaft, a transmission belt is arranged between the output end of the material frame conveying motor and the driving shaft, and the material frame conveying motor can drive the driving shaft, the driven shaft and the material frame conveying belt 3225 to rotate through the transmission belt; the conveying direction of the frame conveyor 3225 is parallel to the conveying direction of the first conveying assembly 11 and the second conveying assembly 12.
In a preferred embodiment, a position sensor 3224 is further disposed on the frame turntable 322.
The theory of operation and the working process of going up unloading mechanism in above-mentioned flexible self-loopa mini storehouse formula include:
1) placing the material frame 4 fully loaded with materials on a first conveying component 11 of the connecting line body group 1, enabling an opening of the material frame 4 to face a direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the first conveying component 11, moving the first conveying component 11, and conveying the material frame to a material frame rotating mechanism 3;
2) the lifting assembly 31 of the material frame rotating mechanism 3 drives the rotating assembly 32 to move to a position close to the discharge end of the first conveying assembly 11 along the vertical direction, a line body in the material frame rotating platform 322 receives the material frame 4, and the material frame 4 is transferred to the material frame rotating platform 322;
3) the lifting assembly 31 drives the rotating assembly 32 to move to a position close to the feeding end of the feeding mechanism 2 along the vertical direction, the rotating driving assembly 321 drives the material frame rotating platform 322 to rotate for 90 degrees, so that the opening of the material frame 4 carried on the material frame rotating platform 322 faces to the feeding end of the feeding mechanism 2, and the clamping jaw air cylinder 2502 of the feeding mechanism 2 pulls out the trays 24 in the material frame 4 one by one and transports the trays to a main line body of a production line to realize feeding;
4) after the tray 24 in the material frame 4 is taken out, the rotating driving assembly 321 drives the material frame 4 turntable to rotate for 90 degrees in the reverse direction, so that the opening of the material frame 4 loaded on the material frame turntable 322 faces to be perpendicular to the connecting line body group 1, and the lifting assembly 31 drives the rotating assembly 32 to move to a position close to the feeding end of the second conveying assembly 12 in the vertical direction;
5) the line body in the material frame rotary table 322 drives the material frame 4 to move out of the material frame rotary table 322, the second conveying assembly 12 moves, the empty material frame is conveyed back to the tail end of the second conveying assembly 12 and is manually taken away, and the whole feeding and discharging process is completed.
To sum up, the unloading mechanism in flexible self-loopa mini storehouse formula of this application when accomplishing automatic unloading of going up, has realized the pre-access of material frame, and the full load material frame can be saved simultaneously with no-load material frame wherein promptly, at the interval of changing the material frame, goes up the unloading process and does not break off, guarantees to produce the line rhythm incessant. The whole process can realize automatic operation, can greatly improve the working efficiency and reduce the working strength, and can also reduce the labor cost. In addition, the flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism is reasonable and compact in layout, small in occupied space, simple and convenient to operate and capable of sharing one lifting component for feeding and discharging.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, but the embodiments are merely examples, and the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above. Any equivalent modifications and substitutions to those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention. Accordingly, equivalent changes and modifications made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be covered by the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Unloading mechanism in flexible self-loopa mini storehouse formula, its characterized in that includes: the connecting line body group, the material frame rotating mechanism and the feeding mechanism; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the connecting line body group comprises a first conveying assembly and a second conveying assembly which are arranged in an upper layer and a lower layer, the first conveying assembly is configured to convey material frames along a first horizontal direction, and the second conveying assembly is configured to convey the material frames along a second horizontal direction opposite to the first horizontal direction; the feeding end of the second conveying assembly is positioned below the discharging end of the first conveying assembly;
the material frame rotating mechanism comprises a lifting assembly, a rotating assembly and a fixed back plate, wherein the rotating assembly and the fixed back plate are in transmission connection with the lifting assembly; the lifting assembly can drive the fixed back plate and the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the discharging end of the first conveying assembly or move to a position close to the feeding end of the second conveying assembly; the rotating assembly comprises a rotating driving assembly and a material frame rotating platform which is positioned above the rotating driving assembly and driven to rotate by the rotating driving assembly, a line body is arranged in the material frame rotating platform, and the rotating driving assembly can drive the material frame rotating platform to rotate in a 90-degree bidirectional mode on the horizontal plane, so that an opening of a material frame borne on the material frame rotating platform is switched between the directions towards the feeding mechanism and the direction perpendicular to the connection line body group;
the feeding mechanism is arranged above the discharge end of the first conveying assembly, the feed end of the feeding mechanism faces the material frame rotating mechanism, and the feeding mechanism is used for dragging a tray in a material frame borne on the material frame rotating table to the feeding mechanism through the clamping jaw air cylinder.
2. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin loading and unloading mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the material frame comprises a bottom support, side baffles are arranged on two sides of the bottom support, and partition plates are arranged on the side baffles at equal intervals and can be used for placing trays; when the material frame is placed on the connection line body group, one side of the material frame is blocked towards the material frame rotating mechanism.
3. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism of claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism comprises a horizontally arranged fixed support, and a tray track and a tray dragging component arranged on the fixed support; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the tray track comprises a first track and a second track which are arranged in parallel and used for placing a tray, and the tray can move along the first track and the second track;
the tray pulls the subassembly and includes horizontal electric jar and sliding connection in the clamping jaw cylinder on the horizontal electric jar, clamping jaw cylinder fixed connection is in electric jar linking bridge, and electric jar linking bridge passes through slide sliding connection on the linear guide of horizontal electric jar, clamping jaw cylinder's output is connected with the clamping jaw, the clamping jaw presss from both sides tightly or releases under clamping jaw cylinder's effect the tray, clamping jaw cylinder removes the clamping jaw along the horizontal direction under the drive of horizontal electric jar, realizes pulling of tray and moves.
4. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin loading and unloading mechanism of claim 1, wherein the lifting assembly comprises: the lifting main board that sets up along vertical direction to and set up lead screw motor, two elevating guide rails and the lift lead screw that sets up along lifting main board length direction on the lifting main board surface, the slider slide set up in on the elevating guide rail, slider fixed connection the fixed backplate, the lift lead screw sets up between two elevating guide rails, the lift lead screw is rotated by lead screw motor drive, the lift lead screw with fixed backplate threaded connection, the lead screw motor passes through the drive of lift lead screw the fixed backplate slides on the elevating guide rail.
5. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin loader and unloader of claim 1, wherein the rotary drive assembly comprises: the utility model discloses a material frame revolving stage, including the rotation drive mounting panel, the rotation drive cylinder is connected to fixed backplate, and its link is realized rotating along Z axle direction, and a transmission piece is connected to the output of rotation drive cylinder, the intermediate point fixed connection of transmission piece, rotation drive actuating cylinder and axis of rotation are installed to the rotation drive mounting panel, and rotation drive actuating cylinder is connected to fixed backplate, and its link is realized rotating along Z axle direction, and the rotation drives actuating cylinder's output and connects a transmission piece, the intermediate point fixed connection of transmission piece the axis of rotation, axis of rotation pass from bottom to top behind the rotation drive mounting panel with the bottom fixed connection of material frame revolving stage, the output of rotation drive actuating cylinder promotes the transmission piece for the transmission piece winds the axis of rotation rotates, thereby realizes that material frame revolving stage is rotatory.
6. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism as claimed in claim 5, wherein buffers are arranged at two ends of the transmission block within the moving range, and the buffers are fixed on the lower surface of the rotary driving mounting plate.
7. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin loading and unloading mechanism of claim 1, wherein the wire body inside the material frame turntable comprises: the material frame conveying device comprises a material frame conveying motor, a driving shaft and a driven shaft, wherein synchronous wheels are arranged at two ends of the driving shaft and two ends of the driven shaft respectively, a material frame conveying belt is arranged between the synchronous wheels on the driving shaft and the synchronous wheels on the driven shaft, a transmission belt is arranged between the output end of the material frame conveying motor and the driving shaft, and the material frame conveying motor can drive the driving shaft, the driven shaft and the material frame conveying belt to run through the transmission belt; the conveying direction of the material frame conveying belt is parallel to the conveying direction of the first conveying assembly and the second conveying assembly.
8. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism of claim 1, wherein the material frame turntable comprises a bottom plate, and side limiting plates are arranged on two sides of the bottom plate.
9. The flexible self-circulating mini-bin loading and unloading mechanism of claim 1, wherein the first conveying assembly and the second conveying assembly are both horizontally arranged belt conveyors, each belt conveyor comprises two parallel conveying belts arranged side by side at intervals, and a motor for synchronously driving the two conveying belts to rotate.
10. The loading and unloading method of the flexible self-circulation mini-bin type loading and unloading mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps:
placing a material frame fully loaded with materials on a first conveying assembly of a connecting line body group, wherein an opening of the material frame faces to a direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the first conveying assembly, the first conveying assembly moves, and the material frame is conveyed to a material frame rotating mechanism;
a lifting assembly of the material frame rotating mechanism drives the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the discharging end of the first conveying assembly along the vertical direction, and a line body in the material frame rotating table receives the material frame and transfers the material frame to the material frame rotating table;
the lifting assembly drives the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the feeding end of the feeding mechanism along the vertical direction, the rotating driving assembly drives the material frame rotating platform to rotate for 90 degrees, so that an opening of a material frame borne on the material frame rotating platform faces to the feeding end of the feeding mechanism, and a clamping jaw cylinder of the feeding mechanism pulls out a tray in the material frame one by one and transports the tray to a main line body of a production line to realize feeding;
after the tray in the material frame is taken out, the rotating driving assembly drives the material frame rotary table to rotate for 90 degrees in the reverse direction, so that the opening of the material frame borne on the material frame rotary table faces to be perpendicular to the connection line body group, and the lifting assembly drives the rotating assembly to move to a position close to the feeding end of the second conveying assembly along the vertical direction;
the line body in the material frame rotary table drives the material frame to move the material frame rotary table, the second conveying assembly moves, the unloaded material frame is conveyed back to the tail end of the second conveying assembly and is taken away manually, and the whole feeding and discharging process is completed.
CN202111503167.6A 2021-12-09 2021-12-09 Flexible self-circulation mini-bin type feeding and discharging mechanism and feeding and discharging method thereof Pending CN114162594A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114476660A (en) * 2022-03-14 2022-05-13 良基(厦门)自动化设备有限公司 Automatic unloader that goes up of tray

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203048160U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-07-10 潮州三环(集团)股份有限公司 Rotation-conveying automatically feeding and discharging device
CN207658670U (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-07-27 深圳市格林晟自动化技术有限公司 A kind of magazine rotary lifting mechanism of material-transporting system
CN109305551A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-02-05 深圳市微特自动化设备有限公司 A kind of standardization pcb board testing automatic material-feeding device
CN211337897U (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-08-25 苏州研斯德自动化科技有限责任公司 Automatic tray module from top to bottom

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203048160U (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-07-10 潮州三环(集团)股份有限公司 Rotation-conveying automatically feeding and discharging device
CN207658670U (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-07-27 深圳市格林晟自动化技术有限公司 A kind of magazine rotary lifting mechanism of material-transporting system
CN109305551A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-02-05 深圳市微特自动化设备有限公司 A kind of standardization pcb board testing automatic material-feeding device
CN211337897U (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-08-25 苏州研斯德自动化科技有限责任公司 Automatic tray module from top to bottom

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114476660A (en) * 2022-03-14 2022-05-13 良基(厦门)自动化设备有限公司 Automatic unloader that goes up of tray

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