CN114045599A - Environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and processing technology thereof - Google Patents

Environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and processing technology thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114045599A
CN114045599A CN202111289659.XA CN202111289659A CN114045599A CN 114045599 A CN114045599 A CN 114045599A CN 202111289659 A CN202111289659 A CN 202111289659A CN 114045599 A CN114045599 A CN 114045599A
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China
Prior art keywords
yarns
yarn
fiber
environment
bamboo
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CN202111289659.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴兴群
刘红菲
蓝舟
蒋毅梅
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Jinjiang Seven Wolves Garment Manufacturing Co ltd
Fujian Septwolves Industry Co Ltd
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Jinjiang Seven Wolves Garment Manufacturing Co ltd
Fujian Septwolves Industry Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202111289659.XA priority Critical patent/CN114045599A/en
Publication of CN114045599A publication Critical patent/CN114045599A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/40Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/47Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads multicomponent, e.g. blended yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/20Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the material of the fibres or filaments constituting the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/208Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the material of the fibres or filaments constituting the yarns or threads cellulose-based
    • D03D15/217Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the material of the fibres or filaments constituting the yarns or threads cellulose-based natural from plants, e.g. cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/41General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using basic dyes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/653Nitrogen-free carboxylic acids or their salts
    • D06P1/6533Aliphatic, araliphatic or cycloaliphatic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/82Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres
    • D06P3/8204Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature
    • D06P3/828Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature mixtures of fibres containing hydroxyl groups
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/04Linen
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/06Jute
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/08Ramie
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/10Bamboo

Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and a processing technology thereof, and relates to the technical field of textile fabrics. The environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m; step two: and (3) loosening and carding, namely loosening the surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn respectively, and carding the loosened surface fibers to obtain smooth single cotton yarn, hemp yarn and bamboo yarn respectively. The invention utilizes the fiber properties of the cotton fiber, the fibrilia and the bamboo fiber, and the three are twisted after spinning, thereby mixing the properties of each fiber, solving the problem of easy shrinkage of the cotton fiber and the fibrilia, and also solving the defect of high brittleness of the bamboo fiber.

Description

Environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and processing technology thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of textile fabrics, in particular to an environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and a processing technology thereof.
Background
Fabrics are materials used to make garments. As one of the three elements of the garment, the fabric not only can explain the style and the characteristics of the garment, but also directly controls the expression effects of the color and the shape of the garment; the representative color of environmental protection is represented by 'green' which symbolizes life and harmony, the so-called environmental protection color is a color which does not cause color pollution, and the fabric woven in the mode of adopting the environmental protection yarn weaving check is called as the environmental protection color weaving check fabric.
The traditional fabric is mainly processed by adopting natural fibers, and is not processed by adopting chemical fibers for adapting to the theme of environmental protection color, but most of the natural fibers have the defects of easiness in shrinking, difficulty in dyeing and low strength.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and a processing technology thereof, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m;
step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that smooth single cotton yarn, hemp yarn and bamboo yarn are obtained respectively;
step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns, the single hemp yarns and the single bamboo yarns, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m;
step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment pool containing a modifier for treatment, and cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the treatment for a period of time;
step five: dip dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, and then dip dyeing by using cationic dye to obtain colored yarns with different colors;
step six: and weaving, namely weaving the colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric.
Furthermore, the modifier in the fourth step is one or a mixture of acetic acid and formic acid, the treatment tank is filled with an aqueous solution of the modifier, and the concentration of the modifier is 10-12%.
Furthermore, the treatment time of the mixed yarn in the treatment tank in the fourth step is 30-45s, and the temperature of the modifier aqueous solution in the treatment tank is controlled to be 35-40 ℃.
Furthermore, the water content of the dried mixed yarn in the fifth step is 3-5%, and the cationic dye is a conjugated environment-friendly dye.
Furthermore, in the fifth step, the dip-dyeing time is controlled to be 2-3min, the dip-dyeing temperature is controlled to be 70-75 ℃, and the pH value of the dye during dip-dyeing is 4.5-5.
Furthermore, the design pattern woven in the sixth step is a check pattern, and the colored yarns in the fifth step have at least two colors.
The environment-friendly color-woven check fabric is processed according to the processing technology of the environment-friendly color-woven check fabric.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
this environmental protection look weaving check fabric and processing technology thereof utilizes cotton fiber, fibrilia and bamboo fiber's cellulose fiber attribute, carries out the production of super high count spinning yarn, carries out the heliciform with the three and twists together afterwards, makes it become inseparable spinning fine rule, thereby can let each fibrous attribute of blended yarn mixture, the easy shrink characteristic of cotton fiber and fibrilia has been solved, the higher drawback of bamboo fiber fragility has also been solved, can rely on bamboo fiber's antibiotic anti-mite ability to let this surface fabric possess higher practicality in addition.
Meanwhile, the characteristic that cotton fibers, hemp fibers and bamboo fibers contain more cellulose is utilized, and negative groups are used for replacing hydrogen in active hydroxyl groups in the cellulose by using a modifier, so that the defect of poor color fastness of natural fibers can be overcome by using a cationic coloring agent.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of a woven fabric structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of the hybrid yarn structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic representation of the hydroxyl substitution of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. weaving the fabric; 2. hemp yarn; 3. cotton yarn; 4. bamboo yarn; 5. a reactive hydroxyl group; 6. a negative group.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, which are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, and do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be configured in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Further, it will be appreciated that the dimensions of the various elements shown in the figures are not drawn to scale, for ease of description, and that the thickness or width of some layers may be exaggerated relative to other layers, for example.
It should be noted that like reference numerals and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined or illustrated in one figure, it will not need to be further discussed or illustrated in detail in the description of the following figure.
As shown in fig. 1-3, which are schematic diagrams of the composition of the mixed yarn of the woven fabric 1 and the substitution group of cellulose on the surface of the mixed fiber, it can be understood that the mixed yarn processed by the present invention is formed by spirally twisting the cotton yarn 3, the hemp yarn 2 and the bamboo yarn 4, wherein the cotton yarn 3 is made of long stapled cotton, the cotton fiber is not acid-resistant and should not contact with acidic substances in the using process, the alkali resistance is not acid-resistant, the heat resistance is good and the mildew is easy to occur, the shrinkage of the cotton fiber is higher than 10% under the general condition, but the cotton fiber has soft hand feeling and good hygroscopicity in the application process of the fabric and is comfortable to process and wear as clothes, and the fabric is not easy to be electrostatically charged and has poor moisture discharge; the linen fiber is high in strength, heat-resistant and washable and easy to mildew, the linen fiber is high in strength, relatively poor in dyeing property and relatively low in coloring capacity, different from the linen fiber and the linen fiber, the bamboo fiber is low in water shrinkage rate, has the characteristics of good air permeability, instant water absorption, relatively high wear resistance, good dyeing property and the like, has the functions of natural antibiosis, bacteriostasis, mite removal, deodorization and ultraviolet resistance, and is mixed, wherein most of attributes of the bamboo fiber serving as main mixed fiber are close to the bamboo fiber, the cotton fiber is used for adding more flexibility and water absorption to the mixed yarn, the linen fiber is used for adding the using strength to the mixed yarn, and the anti-wrinkle capacity of the fabric is improved.
The cellulose belongs to polysaccharide, three active hydroxyl groups 5 exist in a monomer of the cellulose, active hydroxyl groups 5 hydrogen on the cellulose are replaced by carboxyl groups or aldehyde acid groups through acetic acid or formaldehyde, the carboxyl groups and the aldehyde acid groups can show the polarity of a negative electrode, the carboxyl groups and the aldehyde acid groups are collectively called as negative groups 6, a cationic dye used in the subsequent dyeing treatment process can be effectively combined, and the adopted dye is a conjugated environment-friendly color dye which has stronger combining capacity with mixed fibers.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m; step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that a single smooth cotton yarn 3, a hemp yarn 2 and a bamboo yarn 4 are obtained respectively; step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns 3, the single hemp yarns 2 and the single bamboo yarns 4, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m; step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment tank containing a modifier for treatment, cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the mixed yarns are treated for a period of time, wherein the modifier is acetic acid, an aqueous solution of acetic acid is filled in the treatment tank, the concentration of the acetic acid is 10 percent, the treatment time of the mixed yarns in the treatment tank is 30s, and the temperature of the acetic acid solution in the treatment tank is controlled at 35 ℃; step five: dip-dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, and dip-dyeing by using a cationic dye after drying, wherein colored yarns with different colors are obtained after dip-dyeing, the water content of the dried mixed yarn is 3%, the cationic dye is a conjugated environment-friendly dye, the dip-dyeing time is controlled to be 2min, the dip-dyeing temperature is controlled to be 70 ℃, the pH value of the dye is 4.5 during dip-dyeing, and the colored yarns have two colors; step six: and weaving, namely weaving colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric 1, wherein the design pattern is a check pattern.
Example two:
the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m; step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that a single smooth cotton yarn 3, a hemp yarn 2 and a bamboo yarn 4 are obtained respectively; step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns 3, the single hemp yarns 2 and the single bamboo yarns 4, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m; step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment tank containing a modifier for treatment, cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the mixed yarns are treated for a period of time, wherein the modifier is formaldehyde acid, the treatment tank is filled with a water solution of formaldehyde acid, the concentration of the formaldehyde acid is 11 percent, the treatment time of the mixed yarns in the treatment tank is 35s, and the temperature of the formaldehyde acid solution in the treatment tank is controlled at 36 ℃; step five: dip-dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, dip-dyeing by using a cationic dye after drying, obtaining colored yarns with different colors after dip-dyeing, controlling the water content of the dried mixed yarn to be 4%, controlling the dip-dyeing time to be 3min, controlling the dip-dyeing temperature to be 71 ℃, controlling the pH value of the dye to be 4.6 during dip-dyeing, and enabling the colored yarns to have two colors; step six: and weaving, namely weaving colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric 1, wherein the design pattern is a check pattern.
Example three:
the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m; step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that a single smooth cotton yarn 3, a hemp yarn 2 and a bamboo yarn 4 are obtained respectively; step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns 3, the single hemp yarns 2 and the single bamboo yarns 4, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m; step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment tank containing a modifier for treatment, cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the treatment for a period of time, wherein the modifier is a one-to-one mixture of acetic acid and formic acid, the treatment tank is filled with an aqueous solution of the mixed acid, the concentration of the mixed acid is 12 percent, the treatment time of the mixed yarns in the treatment tank is 40 seconds, and the temperature of the aqueous solution of the mixed acid in the treatment tank is controlled at 40 ℃; step five: dip-dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, dip-dyeing by using a cationic dye after drying, obtaining colored yarns with different colors after dip-dyeing, controlling the water content of the dried mixed yarn to be 5%, controlling the dip-dyeing time to be 3min, controlling the dip-dyeing temperature to be 73 ℃, controlling the pH value of the dye to be 4.8 during dip-dyeing, and enabling the colored yarns to have two colors; step six: and weaving, namely weaving colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric 1, wherein the design pattern is a check pattern.
Example four:
the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m; step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that a single smooth cotton yarn 3, a hemp yarn 2 and a bamboo yarn 4 are obtained respectively; step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns 3, the single hemp yarns 2 and the single bamboo yarns 4, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m; step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment tank containing a modifier for treatment, cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the mixed yarns are treated for a period of time, wherein the modifier is acetic acid, an aqueous solution of acetic acid is filled in the treatment tank, the concentration of the acetic acid is 10 percent, the treatment time of the mixed yarns in the treatment tank is 45s, and the temperature of the acetic acid solution in the treatment tank is controlled at 40 ℃; step five: dip-dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, and then dip-dyeing by using a cationic dye, wherein colored yarns with different colors are obtained after the dip-dyeing, the water content of the dried mixed yarn is 5%, the cationic dye is a conjugated environment-friendly dye, the dip-dyeing time is controlled to be 2.5min, the dip-dyeing temperature is controlled to be 75 ℃, the pH value of the dye is 4.9 during the dip-dyeing, and the colored yarns have two colors; step six: and weaving, namely weaving colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric 1, wherein the design pattern is a check pattern.
Example five:
the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and the processing technology thereof comprise the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m; step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that a single smooth cotton yarn 3, a hemp yarn 2 and a bamboo yarn 4 are obtained respectively; step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns 3, the single hemp yarns 2 and the single bamboo yarns 4, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m; step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment tank containing a modifier for treatment, cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the mixed yarns are treated for a period of time, wherein the modifier is formaldehyde acid, the treatment tank is filled with a water solution of formaldehyde acid, the concentration of the formaldehyde acid is 11 percent, the treatment time of the mixed yarns in the treatment tank is 42s, and the temperature of the formaldehyde acid solution in the treatment tank is controlled at 38 ℃; step five: dip-dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, dip-dyeing by using a cationic dye after drying, and obtaining colored yarns with different colors after dip-dyeing, wherein the water content of the dried mixed yarn is 4%, the cationic dye is a conjugated environment-friendly dye, the dip-dyeing time is controlled to be 3min, the dip-dyeing temperature is controlled to be 75 ℃, the pH value of the dye is 5 during dip-dyeing, and the colored yarns have two colors; step six: weaving, namely weaving colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain a woven fabric 1, wherein the design pattern is a check; step seven: and detecting the shrinkage rate, the wet fastness and the color fastness of the woven fabric 1.
Comparative example one:
directly selecting cotton fibers to prepare cotton yarns with the diameter of 15-20 mu m, carrying out modifier treatment on the cotton yarns, wherein the modifier is a one-to-one mixture of acetic acid and formic acid, the treatment tank is filled with an aqueous solution of the modifier, the concentration of the modifier is 10%, the treatment time of the cotton yarns in the treatment tank is 45s, the temperature of the aqueous solution of the modifier in the treatment tank is controlled at 40 ℃, then cleaning the cotton yarns, drying the cleaned cotton yarns, carrying out dip dyeing by using cationic dyes after drying, obtaining colored yarns with different colors after dip dyeing, and weaving the colored yarns with different colors according to a designed pattern to obtain the woven fabric 1.
Comparative example two:
and (2) using the mixed yarn prepared in the second embodiment, after the yarn is twisted, not performing modifier treatment on the yarn, directly cleaning the yarn, drying the cleaned mixed yarn, performing dip-dyeing by using cationic dye after drying, obtaining colored yarns with different colors after dip-dyeing, and weaving the colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric 1.
Color fastness test:
manufacturing the woven fabric 1 prepared in the first step to the second step into samples of 80 multiplied by 250mm for detection, and respectively marking the numbers of the samples as a sample I to a sample seven;
dissolving 5g of soap and 2g of sodium perborate in 1L of water;
adding about 250mL soap solution or about 250mL standard detergent solution into 500mL beaker, heating the soap solution or detergent solution to one of 27 deg.C, 3 deg.C, 41 deg.C, 3 deg.C, 49 deg.C, 3 deg.C, 60 deg.C, 3 deg.C and 70 deg.C by using heating device with bath ratio of not less than 50: 1.
Putting a sample into soap solution or detergent solution at a preset temperature, fully wetting, taking out after soaking for 1min, removing redundant solution by using two glass rods or other suitable modes, flatly paving the sample on a flat plate of a tester to enable the length direction of the sample to be consistent with the running track of a friction brush head, and fixing two ends of the sample by using a clamp holder. The swatch was placed on the specimen with a stroke of 10mm for 100mm and brushing for 25, 50 or 100 cycles of brushing, with a downward pressure of 9.0N and 0.2N applied by the scrub head. To keep the sample moist, about 10mL of soap solution or about 10mL of detergent solution is added to the sample every 25 cycles
After the brushing, the sample is put into three-stage water with the temperature of about 40 ℃ and the temperature of 3 ℃, fully washed, put into air with the temperature of not more than 60 ℃ and put on a horizontal plane for drying.
The brush is cleaned, eliminating any fibers or yarns that adhere to the brush, and the soap or detergent solution, for the next test. Note that in order to prevent the excessive use of the nylon brush, the nylon brush should be inspected before use, and when crimped fibers appear in the fibers, the fibers are not consistent in height, and a new brush should be replaced immediately to ensure the consistency of the brushing effect.
After the humidity of the sample was adjusted, the color change of the sample was evaluated by a gray sample card according to the GB/T250 standard.
In the standard disclosed in GB/T250,
the basic gray sample card, namely a five-grade gray sample card, consists of five pairs of lightless gray cards (or gray cloth sheets), and is divided into five whole-grade color fastness grades, namely 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 according to the color difference of appearance and feel. And adding a half-grade in every two grades, namely 4-5, 3-4, 2-3 and 1-2, and expanding and compiling into a nine-grade card. The first composition of each pair was neutral gray and the second composition was only of colour fastness grade 5 consistent with the first composition. The second components of other pairs become lighter in sequence, the chromatic aberration increases step by step, and the color difference of each level of the appearance and the perception is determined by the chromaticity. The overall color is specified as follows, and the paper or cloth should be neutral gray and should be measured using a spectrophotometric color meter under conditions containing specular reflection light. Chromaticity data should supplement standard chromaticity system (10 observer) with CE1964 and D illuminant calculation 2.3 tristimulus value Y of each pair of first compositions should be 12 s 12.4 the color difference of each pair of second compositions from the first compositions should comply with the following regulations,
the color fastness grades of the samples from the first sample to the seventh sample are judged according to the detection conditions, and are summarized in the table 1:
TABLE 1
Shrinkage detection
According to the fabric shrinkage detection method, the woven fabrics in the first embodiment and the second embodiment are respectively made into samples with the length and the width of 1m, and the samples are respectively marked as a first sample to a seventh sample, so that the cloth surface of the samples is kept flat and is not pulled to deform;
marking the surface of the sample by 3 x 50cm in the radial direction according to the warp and weft directions of the sample, wherein the marking is uniformly spaced outside the sample by 10cm from the edge of the sample, the marking is performed by 2 x 50 in the weft direction, and the marking is uniformly spaced outside the sample by 10cm from the edge of the sample;
placing the sample in a water tank, heating to 60 ℃, adding 10g/L desizing enzyme, washing for 45min, after the water washing is finished, passing clear water for 3min, and then dehydrating;
rolling and drying the detection sample (the drying temperature is not more than 70 ℃), blowing cold air for 5min, and standing for half an hour;
measuring to obtain an average value after the washed radial dimension = warp three-position mark measurement;
latitudinal dimension = average value of measured latitudinal marks;
the values of the shrinkage from sample one to sample seven obtained from the shrinkage = (size before washing-size after washing)/size before washing × 100% are shown in table 2:
TABLE 2
The yarn formed by weaving cotton fiber, fibrilia and bamboo fiber is mixed into the mixed yarn by color fastness test and shrinkage detection, so that the shrinkage of the whole mixed yarn can be reduced by depending on the low shrinkage performance of the bamboo fiber, and the carboxyl and/or aldehyde group in the solution of the mixed yarn can be utilized by depending on carboxylic acid or formaldehyde acid, the active hydroxyl on the original cellulose can be replaced by depending on the two negative groups, so that the cellulose fiber can be combined with cationic dye more firmly, and better wet fastness and color fastness can be achieved.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The processing technology of the environment-friendly color-woven check fabric is characterized by comprising the following steps of: the processing technology comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: spinning yarns, namely spinning cotton fibers, bamboo fibers and hemp fibers with the fiber diameter of 3-5 mu m into yarns, wherein the diameters of the cotton fiber yarns and the hemp fiber yarns are both 6-8 mu m, and the diameter of the bamboo fiber yarns is 10-12 mu m;
step two: loosening and carding, wherein surface fibers of the cotton fiber yarn, the hemp fiber yarn and the bamboo fiber yarn are loosened respectively, and are carded after being loosened, so that smooth single cotton yarn, hemp yarn and bamboo yarn are obtained respectively;
step three: twisting the yarns, namely twisting the single cotton yarns, the single hemp yarns and the single bamboo yarns, wherein the diameter of the twisted mixed yarns is 15-20 mu m;
step four: modifying yarns, namely placing the mixed yarns into a treatment pool containing a modifier for treatment, and cleaning the mixed yarns by using distilled water after the treatment for a period of time;
step five: dip dyeing, namely drying the cleaned mixed yarn, and then dip dyeing by using cationic dye to obtain colored yarns with different colors;
step six: and weaving, namely weaving the colored yarns with different colors according to a design pattern to obtain the woven fabric.
2. The processing technology of the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: the modifier in the fourth step is one or a mixture of acetic acid and formic acid, the treatment tank is filled with an aqueous solution of the modifier, and the concentration of the modifier is 10-12%.
3. The processing technology of the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the fourth step, the treatment time of the mixed yarn in the treatment tank is 30-45s, and the temperature of the modifier aqueous solution in the treatment tank is controlled at 35-40 ℃.
4. The processing technology of the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water content of the dried mixed yarn in the fifth step is 3-5%, and the cationic dye is a conjugated environment-friendly dye.
5. The processing technology of the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the fifth step, the dip-dyeing time is controlled to be 2-3min, the dip-dyeing temperature is controlled to be 70-75 ℃, and the pH value of the dye during dip-dyeing is 4.5-5.
6. The processing technology of the environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: the design pattern woven in the sixth step is a check pattern, and the colored yarns in the fifth step have at least two colors.
7. Environment-friendly color-woven check fabric is characterized in that: the environment-friendly yarn-dyed plaid fabric according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
CN202111289659.XA 2021-11-02 2021-11-02 Environment-friendly yarn-dyed check fabric and processing technology thereof Pending CN114045599A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09316785A (en) * 1996-05-29 1997-12-09 Sumitomo Chem Co Ltd Dyeing or printing of cellulosic fiber by cationic dye
CN103952824A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 安徽泰鸿嘉纺织有限公司 Cotton, ramie and bamboo blended grey yarns and production process thereof
CN105839408A (en) * 2016-05-15 2016-08-10 孙宁 Preparation method of bamboo fiber-cotton and ramie blended fabric
CN106192149A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-07 湖南瑞亚高科集团有限公司 A kind of bamboo fiber crops cotton jean and preparation method thereof
CN110670222A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-10 南通中邦纺织有限公司 Production process of pure cotton linen-like yarn on shirt fabric
CN110735331A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-31 浙江亿得化工有限公司 Preparation of cotton fiber anion modifier, anion modifier and dyeing process

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09316785A (en) * 1996-05-29 1997-12-09 Sumitomo Chem Co Ltd Dyeing or printing of cellulosic fiber by cationic dye
CN103952824A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 安徽泰鸿嘉纺织有限公司 Cotton, ramie and bamboo blended grey yarns and production process thereof
CN105839408A (en) * 2016-05-15 2016-08-10 孙宁 Preparation method of bamboo fiber-cotton and ramie blended fabric
CN106192149A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-07 湖南瑞亚高科集团有限公司 A kind of bamboo fiber crops cotton jean and preparation method thereof
CN110735331A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-31 浙江亿得化工有限公司 Preparation of cotton fiber anion modifier, anion modifier and dyeing process
CN110670222A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-10 南通中邦纺织有限公司 Production process of pure cotton linen-like yarn on shirt fabric

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