CN113967624A - High-efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board - Google Patents

High-efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113967624A
CN113967624A CN202111248369.0A CN202111248369A CN113967624A CN 113967624 A CN113967624 A CN 113967624A CN 202111248369 A CN202111248369 A CN 202111248369A CN 113967624 A CN113967624 A CN 113967624A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
solar photovoltaic
motor
limiting
fixing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202111248369.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113967624B (en
Inventor
史鹏飞
张文
王倩
李涛
赵虎
李斌
苏玲玲
陈武生
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Pingyin Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Original Assignee
Pingyin Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
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Application filed by Pingyin Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co, State Grid Corp of China SGCC filed Critical Pingyin Power Supply Co Of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co
Priority to CN202111248369.0A priority Critical patent/CN113967624B/en
Publication of CN113967624A publication Critical patent/CN113967624A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113967624B publication Critical patent/CN113967624B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B1/12
    • B08B1/30
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic panel, which comprises a frame, wherein a transmission mechanism is arranged on the frame, a support is arranged on the transmission mechanism, an air cylinder, a cleaning component, a sprinkling component, a dedusting component and a wiping component are arranged on the support, the air cylinder is arranged at one end of the top of the support, one end of a piston rod of the air cylinder is arranged on the cleaning component, the cleaning component is arranged at the top of the support, and the sprinkling component is arranged on the cleaning component. The transmission mechanism can drive the support to move back and forth, so that the purposes of driving the cleaning component, the sprinkling component, the dedusting component and the wiping component to move back and forth are achieved, the dedusting component can remove dust on the solar photovoltaic panel, the cleaning component can clean bird droppings and plant juice left on the solar photovoltaic panel under the action of the sprinkling component, and the wiping component can wipe cleaning water sprinkled by the sprinkling component clean to prevent soil dust from being adhered to the solar photovoltaic panel again.

Description

High-efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of cleaning of photovoltaic panels, and particularly relates to a high-efficiency cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic panel.
Background
The solar photovoltaic power generation system is a novel power generation system which directly converts solar radiation energy into electric energy by utilizing the photovoltaic effect of a solar cell semiconductor material, and has two modes of independent operation and grid-connected operation. The photovoltaic power generation system which operates independently needs a storage battery as an energy storage device and is mainly used in remote areas without a power grid and in regions with dispersed population, and the whole system has high manufacturing cost; in the area with the public power grid, the photovoltaic power generation system is connected with the power grid and operated in a grid-connected mode, so that a storage battery is omitted, the manufacturing cost can be greatly reduced, and the photovoltaic power generation system has higher power generation efficiency and better environmental protection performance. Solar photovoltaic board can cover a large amount of dusts in long-time use, these dusts have seriously influenced solar photovoltaic's daily light energy and have absorbed, the efficiency of energy-absorbing has been reduced, and present solar photovoltaic board does not have abluent function, the belt cleaning device who needs the peripheral hardware carries out the washing to solar photovoltaic board, but present belt cleaning device only can clean the dust on solar panel, can leave over some earth down, bird's droppings and plant juice etc. clean the effect not good, still need the staff to carry out the secondary to solar panel and clean, very inconvenient.
The invention patent with the retrieval application number of 202010701518.3 discloses a high-efficiency solar photovoltaic panel cleaning mechanism, which comprises: the device comprises a cart main body, a storage battery, a controller, a universal mechanical arm, a spraying mechanism and a cleaning mechanism; the storage battery is arranged on the left side of the top end of the cart main body along the front-back direction; the controller is arranged at the top end of the front side of the storage battery and is electrically connected with the storage battery; the universal mechanical arm is arranged at the center of the right side of the top end of the cart main body in the vertical direction and is electrically connected with the controller; the spraying mechanism is arranged on the rear side of the top end of the universal mechanical arm along the front-back direction; the cleaning mechanism is arranged on the front side of the top end of the universal mechanical arm in the front-back direction. This high-efficient solar photovoltaic board clearance mechanism, can realize the automatic clearance of photovoltaic board surface dust, reduce staff manual operation item, it is simpler to operate, when improving the clearance effect, increase cleaning efficiency, therefore, the clothes hanger is strong in practicability, but the device strikes off photovoltaic board surface dust and cleaning solution through the scraper blade when, the cleaning solution can appear and strike off unclean when the scraper blade does not closely contact with the photovoltaic board, the dust in the air can be with the help of the condition of gluing on the photovoltaic board once more of cleaning solution, when the pressure between scraper blade and the photovoltaic board is too big, the condition of scraper blade scratch photovoltaic board can appear, cause the unnecessary to damage.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provides a high-efficiency cleaning device for a solar photovoltaic panel.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
the utility model provides an efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board, includes the frame, install drive mechanism on the frame, the last support of installing of drive mechanism installs the cylinder on the support, cleans subassembly, watering subassembly, dust removal subassembly and cleans the subassembly, the cylinder is installed in the top one end of support, and the piston rod one end of cylinder installs on cleaning the subassembly, clean the top of unit mount at the support, watering unit mount cleans the subassembly on, the dust removal unit mount is at the front end of support, clean the rear end of unit mount at the support.
Preferably, the frame includes the baffle and installs the bracing piece at the baffle both ends, the bracing piece adopts the cross-section to be L type structure, installs two fixed blocks on the bracing piece, and one of them fixed block is installed in the one end of bracing piece and is kept away from the one end of baffle, and another fixed block is installed on the bracing piece be close to the one side of baffle and with have the clearance between the baffle, the fixed block cooperatees with drive mechanism, and it has the bar groove to open at the top of backup pad, the bar groove cooperatees with drive mechanism, and the frame is used for supporting the device to guarantee the normal operating of whole device, and the fixed block is used for supporting drive mechanism, guarantees the normal transmission work of drive mechanism, has improved dust collection efficiency and dust removal quality greatly.
Preferably, the transmission mechanism comprises a mounting frame, a motor, a first belt wheel, a second belt wheel, a belt and a threaded rod, the threaded rod corresponds to the support rod one by one, one end of the threaded rod is rotatably installed on one fixed block, the other end of the threaded rod penetrates through the other fixed block and extends into a gap between the fixed block and the baffle plate, the second belt wheel is arranged in the gap between the fixed block and the baffle plate and is fixedly installed on the threaded rod, the mounting frame is installed on the baffle plate, the motor is installed on the baffle plate, the first belt wheel is installed on an output shaft of the motor, the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel are connected through the belt, a sleeve is installed on the threaded rod and is in threaded connection with the threaded rod, the top of the sleeve penetrates through a strip-shaped groove and is connected with the support, the transmission mechanism is used for providing power for the device, and ensures that the dust removal component can remove dust on the whole solar photovoltaic panel, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the dust removal efficiency is improved, and the dust removal quality is ensured.
Preferably, the dust removal component is including collecting the chamber, installing axis of rotation, the first motor at collection chamber front end, collect the ascending fixed plate of slope is installed to the front end bottom in chamber, the fixed plate cooperatees with the live-rollers, the one end of axis of rotation is rotated and is installed on the lateral wall of collecting the chamber, and the other end runs through the opposite side wall of collecting the chamber and extends to the outside of collecting the chamber, first motor is installed on the outer wall of collecting the chamber and the output shaft of first motor is connected with the axis of rotation, installs the live-rollers in the axis of rotation, installs the brush hair on the live-rollers, and the dust removal component can be with the dust on the solar photovoltaic board or plant leaf clears away totally, has guaranteed the dust collection efficiency of solar photovoltaic board, has improved the dust removal quality of solar photovoltaic board.
Preferably, clean the subassembly and include second motor, pivot, brush, mounting, the top at the support is installed to the mounting, the second motor is installed on the mounting, and the output shaft of second motor runs through the bottom that the mounting extended to the mounting, the one end of pivot is connected with the output shaft of second motor, and the other end is installed on the brush, and the cleaning assembly can adjust under the effect of cylinder as required to realize the abluent mesh of fixed point, and cleaning assembly cooperation sprinkling assembly can be with glutinous bird excrement or the earth sanitization on the solar photovoltaic board, guaranteed the cleaning efficiency and the quality of solar photovoltaic board.
Preferably, the top of support is opened there is the bar through-hole, first slider is installed to the bottom of mounting, first slider cooperatees with the bar through-hole, and it has the spout to open in the both sides of the bottom bar through-hole of support, the spout cooperatees with the watering subassembly, install the spacing ring in the pivot, the spacing ring cooperatees with the watering subassembly.
Preferably, the watering subassembly includes water storage box, connecting pipe, backup pad and high pressure nozzle, the backup pad rotates and installs in the pivot, installs the second slider at the top of backup pad, the second slider cooperatees with the spout, the one side of second motor is installed on the mounting to the water storage box, the bottom at the water storage box is installed to the one end of connecting pipe, and the other end is hung and is worn the setting and be connected with high pressure nozzle, high pressure nozzle installs the one end at the backup pad, and the watering subassembly is used for spraying washing water on the solar photovoltaic board, and makes washing water have certain impact force under high pressure nozzle's effect to will glue earth or the bird manure washing on the solar photovoltaic board, improved the cleaning quality greatly, guarantee solar photovoltaic board's normal work.
Preferably, the wiping component comprises a wiping roller and a connecting rod arranged at two ends of the wiping roller, one end of the connecting rod is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the bracket, and the wiping roller is rotatably arranged at the other end of the connecting rod.
Preferably, the cleaning component further comprises a limiting part, a limiting column, a fixed cylinder and a spring, wherein the limiting part is installed on the support, a first limiting hole is formed in the side wall of the limiting part, a groove is formed in the middle of the limiting part, the connecting rod is arranged in the groove, a second limiting hole is formed in the middle of the connecting rod, the limiting column is arranged in the second limiting hole, two ends of the limiting column penetrate through the second limiting hole and extend into the first limiting hole, the fixed cylinder is arranged in the first limiting hole and installed on the limiting column, one end of the spring is installed at the top of the first limiting hole, the other end of the spring is installed at the top of the fixed cylinder, the cleaning component can absorb cleaning water sprayed by the cleaning component completely, soil dust is prevented from being adhered to the solar photovoltaic panel again, cleaning quality is greatly improved, and normal work of the solar photovoltaic panel is guaranteed.
Preferably, the first limiting hole and the second limiting hole are both strip-shaped through holes.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) this device drive mechanism can drive the support back-and-forth movement, the realization drives and cleans the subassembly, the watering subassembly, the dust removal subassembly and clean the purpose of subassembly back-and-forth movement, the dust removal subassembly can be disposed the dust on the solar photovoltaic board, the effect of cleaning subassembly cooperation watering subassembly can clean bird excrement and plant juice left over on the solar photovoltaic board totally, it not only can clean the wasing water that the watering subassembly spilled with the contact closely of solar photovoltaic board to clean the subassembly, prevent that the earth dust is glutinous on the solar photovoltaic board once more, and can not be to the photovoltaic board scratch, the cleanness of solar photovoltaic board has been guaranteed.
2) The frame of the device is used for supporting the device, the normal operation of the whole device is guaranteed, the fixing block is used for supporting the transmission mechanism, the normal transmission work of the transmission mechanism is guaranteed, and the dust removal efficiency and the dust removal quality are greatly improved.
3) The transmission mechanism of the device is used for providing power for the device, the dust removal assembly is guaranteed to be capable of removing dust of the whole solar photovoltaic panel, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, the dust removal efficiency is improved, and the dust removal quality is guaranteed.
4) The dust removal assembly can clean dust on the solar photovoltaic panel or plant leaves, ensures the dust removal efficiency of the solar photovoltaic panel, and improves the dust removal quality of the solar photovoltaic panel.
5) This device cleaning assembly can adjust under the effect of cylinder as required to realize the abluent purpose of fixed point, and cleaning assembly cooperation watering subassembly can be with gluing bird excrement or the earth sanitization on the solar photovoltaic board, guaranteed the cleaning efficiency and the quality of solar photovoltaic board.
6) This device watering subassembly is used for will wasing water and sprays on the solar photovoltaic board, and makes washing water have certain impact force under the effect of high pressure nozzle to will glue earth or the bird manure on the solar photovoltaic board and wash, improved the cleaning quality greatly, guarantee the normal work of solar photovoltaic board.
7) This device wiping assembly can absorb the washing water that the watering subassembly sprayed and clean, prevents that earth raise dust from gluing on the solar photovoltaic board once more, has improved cleaning quality greatly, guarantees the normal work of solar photovoltaic board.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the other side of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the frame of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the dust removing assembly of the present invention.
Figure 5 is a schematic view of the collection chamber of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the sweeping assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the transmission mechanism of the present invention.
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the mounting structure of the transmission mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a stripe via in the present invention.
Figure 10 is a schematic view of a wiping assembly according to the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the sprinkler assembly of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a frame; 101. a baffle plate; 102. a support bar; 103. a fixed block; 104. a strip-shaped groove; 2. a dust removal assembly; 201. a collection chamber; 202. a first motor; 203. a rotating roller; 204. brushing; 205. a rotating shaft; 206. a fixing plate; 3. a cylinder; 4. a support; 401. a strip-shaped through hole; 5. a sweeping assembly; 501. a fixing member; 502. a second motor; 503. a first slider; 504. a limiting ring; 505. a rotating shaft; 506. a brush; 6. a transmission mechanism; 601. a mounting frame; 602. a threaded rod; 603. a second pulley; 604. a belt; 605. an electric motor; 606. a first pulley; 7. a wiping component; 701. a wiping roller; 702. a limiting column; 703. a second limiting hole; 704. a connecting rod; 705. a limiting member; 706. a spring; 707. a groove; 708. a fixed cylinder; 709. a first limit hole; 8. a sprinkler assembly; 801. a water storage tank; 802. a connecting pipe; 803. a second slider; 804. a high pressure spray head; 805. and a support plate.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to fig. 1 to 11, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description of the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
The utility model provides a high-efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board, includes frame 1, install drive mechanism 6 on the frame 1, install support 4 on drive mechanism 6, install cylinder 3 on support 4, clean subassembly 5, watering subassembly 8, dust removal subassembly 2 and clean subassembly 7, cylinder 3 installs in the top one end of support 4, and cylinder 3's piston rod one end installs on cleaning subassembly 5, clean the top at support 4 of subassembly 5 installation, watering subassembly 8 is installed on cleaning subassembly 5, dust removal subassembly 2 installs the front end at support 4, clean the rear end at support 4 of subassembly 7 installation.
The frame 1 comprises a baffle 101 and support rods 102 arranged at two ends of the baffle 101, the support rods 102 are of an L-shaped structure in cross section, two fixing blocks 103 are arranged on the support rods 102, one fixing block 103 is arranged at one end of each support rod 102 and far away from one end of the baffle 101, the other fixing block 103 is arranged on one side, close to the baffle 101, of the support rods 102, a gap exists between the fixing block 103 and the baffle 101, the fixing block 103 is matched with the transmission mechanism 6, a strip-shaped groove 104 is formed in the top of the support plate 805, the strip-shaped groove 104 is matched with the transmission mechanism 6, the frame 1 is used for supporting the device and guaranteeing normal operation of the whole device, the fixing block 103 is used for supporting the transmission mechanism 6, normal transmission work of the transmission mechanism 6 is guaranteed, and dust removal efficiency and dust removal quality are greatly improved.
The transmission mechanism 6 comprises a mounting frame 601, a motor 605, a first belt wheel 606, a second belt wheel 603, a belt 604 and a threaded rod 602, the threaded rod 602 corresponds to the support rod 102 one by one, one end of the threaded rod 602 is rotatably mounted on one of the fixed blocks 103, the other end of the threaded rod passes through the other fixed block 103 and extends into a gap between the fixed block 103 and the baffle 101, the second belt wheel 603 is arranged in the gap between the fixed block 103 and the baffle 101 and is fixedly mounted on the threaded rod 602, the mounting frame 601 is mounted on the baffle 101, the motor 605 is mounted on the baffle 101, the first belt wheel 606 is mounted on an output shaft of the motor 605, the first belt wheel 606 and the second belt wheel 603 are connected through the belt 604, a sleeve is mounted on the threaded rod 602 and is in threaded connection with the threaded rod 602, and the top of the sleeve passes through the strip-shaped groove 104 and is connected with the bracket 4, the transmission mechanism 6 is used for providing power for the device, ensures that the dust removal assembly 2 can remove dust on the whole solar photovoltaic panel, reduces the labor intensity of workers, improves the dust removal efficiency and ensures the dust removal quality.
During operation, motor 605 drives first band pulley 606 and rotates, first band pulley 606 is connected with second band pulley 603 through belt 604, then first band pulley 606 rotates and drives second band pulley 603 and rotate, second band pulley 603 fixed mounting is on threaded rod 602, second band pulley 603 rotates and drives threaded rod 602 and rotate, threaded rod 602 rotates and drives the sleeve and rotates, the sleeve rotates and drives support 4 and rotates, support 4 removes and drives and cleans subassembly 5, watering subassembly 8, dust removal subassembly 2 and cleans subassembly 7 and remove, thereby realize the abluent mesh of removing dust to the solar photovoltaic board.
Dust removal component 2 is including collecting chamber 201, installing axis of rotation 205, the first motor 202 at collecting chamber 201 front end, collect the front end bottom in chamber 201 and install ascending fixed plate 206 of slope, fixed plate 206 cooperatees with live-rollers 203, the one end of axis of rotation 205 is rotated and is installed on the lateral wall of collecting chamber 201, and the other end runs through the outside that the opposite side wall of collecting chamber 201 extended to collect chamber 201, first motor 202 is installed on the outer wall of collecting chamber 201 and the output shaft of first motor 202 is connected with axis of rotation 205, installs live-rollers 203 on axis of rotation 205, installs brush hair 204 on live-rollers 203, and dust removal component 2 can clear away the dust on the solar photovoltaic board or plant leaf totally, has guaranteed the dust collection efficiency of solar photovoltaic board, has improved the dust removal quality of solar photovoltaic board.
During operation, first motor 202 rotates and drives axis of rotation 205 and rotate, and axis of rotation 205 rotates and drives live-rollers 203 and rotate, and live-rollers 203 rotates and drives brush hair 204 and rotate, and brush hair 204 rotates around live-rollers 203 to stir the dust on the solar photovoltaic board to collection chamber 201, under the effect of the fixed plate 206 of slope, collect the dust in collection chamber 201, thereby realize cleaing away the purpose of dust.
The bristles 204 are made of soft materials, so that the solar photovoltaic panel is prevented from being damaged due to the fact that the bristles 204 are hard, and normal operation of the solar photovoltaic panel is prevented from being influenced.
Cleaning assembly 5 includes second motor 502, pivot 505, brush 506, mounting 501 installs at the top of support 4, second motor 502 installs on mounting 501, and the output shaft of second motor 502 runs through the bottom that mounting 501 extended to mounting 501, the one end of pivot 505 is connected with the output shaft of second motor 502, and the other end is installed on brush 506, and cleaning assembly can adjust under cylinder 3's effect as required to realize the abluent mesh of fixed point, and cleaning assembly cooperation watering subassembly 8 can be with gluing bird's droppings or the earth sanitization on the solar photovoltaic board, has guaranteed solar photovoltaic board's cleaning efficiency and quality.
The top of support 4 is opened there is bar through-hole 401, first slider 503 is installed to the bottom of mounting 501, first slider 503 cooperatees with bar through-hole 401, and it has the spout to open in the both sides of the bottom bar through-hole 401 of support 4, the spout cooperatees with watering subassembly 8, install spacing ring 504 in the pivot 505, spacing ring 504 cooperatees with watering subassembly 8.
During operation, second motor 502 rotates, drives pivot 505 and rotates, and pivot 505 rotates and drives brush 506 and rotates, and brush 506 rotates and to realize the purpose of the bird excrement clearance on the solar photovoltaic board, and under the effect of cylinder 3, can drive the direction motion of cleaning subassembly 5 along bar through-hole 401 to realize the purpose of fixed point cleaning, and guaranteed the quality of cleaning of bird excrement in the at utmost, guaranteed the quality of cleaning of solar photovoltaic board.
The water sprinkling assembly 8 comprises a water storage tank 801, a connecting pipe 802, a supporting plate 805 and a high-pressure spray head 804, wherein the supporting plate 805 is rotatably installed on a rotating shaft 505, a second slide block 803 is installed at the top of the supporting plate 805, the second slide block 803 is matched with a sliding groove, the water storage tank 801 is installed on one side of a second motor 502 on a fixing piece 501, one end of the connecting pipe 802 is installed at the bottom of the water storage tank 801, the other end of the connecting pipe 802 is hung on the fixing piece 501 and connected with the high-pressure spray head 804, the high-pressure spray head 804 is installed at one end of the supporting plate 805, the water sprinkling assembly 8 is used for sprinkling cleaning water on a solar photovoltaic panel, and the cleaning water has certain impact force under the action of the high-pressure spray head 804, so that soil or bird droppings adhered to the solar photovoltaic panel are cleaned, the cleaning quality is greatly improved, and the normal work of the solar photovoltaic panel is ensured.
Wherein, second slider 803 can play the effect of direction on the one hand, on the other hand can play spacing effect, prevent that pivot 505 from driving backup pad 805 at the pivoted in-process and rotating, when guaranteeing that high pressure nozzle 804 normally sprays water, backup pad 805 can also follow and clean subassembly 5 motion, before guaranteeing to clean subassembly 5 upper hair brush 506 and clean the birds droppings on the solar photovoltaic board, the birds droppings have been hit and moist by the washing water, guarantee that brush 506 can will remain the birds droppings sanitization on the solar photovoltaic board, the cleaning efficiency is improved.
The wiping component 7 comprises a wiping roller 701 and a connecting rod 704 arranged at two ends of the wiping roller 701, one end of the connecting rod 704 is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the bracket 4, and the wiping roller 701 is rotatably arranged at the other end of the connecting rod 704.
The wiping component 7 further comprises a limiting member 705, a limiting column 702, a fixed cylinder 708 and a spring 706, the limiting member 705 is mounted on the bracket 4, a first limiting hole 709 is formed in the side wall of the limiting member 705, a groove 707 is formed in the middle of the limiting member 705, the connecting rod 704 is arranged in the groove 707, a second limiting hole 703 is formed in the middle of the connecting rod 704, the limiting column 702 is arranged in the second limiting hole 703, two ends of the limiting column 702 penetrate through the second limiting hole 703 and extend into the first limiting hole 709, the fixed cylinder 708 is arranged in the first limiting hole 709 and is mounted on the limiting column 702, one end of the spring 706 is mounted at the top of the first limiting hole 709, the other end of the spring is mounted at the top of the fixed cylinder 708, the wiping component 7 can absorb and wipe cleaning water sprayed by the sprinkling component 8, prevent soil from being adhered to the solar photovoltaic panel again, and greatly improve cleaning quality, the normal work of the solar photovoltaic panel is ensured.
The first limiting hole 709 and the second limiting hole 703 are both strip-shaped through holes.
The during operation, under drive mechanism 6's effect, drive support 4 and remove, because wiping roller 701 contacts with the solar photovoltaic board, at the in-process that support 4 removed, can drive wiping roller 701 and rotate on the solar photovoltaic board, thereby clean the washing water on the solar photovoltaic board, and at locating part 705, spacing post 702, spring 706, first spacing hole 709, under the mutually supporting of the spacing hole 703 of second, make wiping roller 701 contact with the solar photovoltaic board all the time, and there is pressure between wiping roller 701 and the solar photovoltaic board, not only can guarantee the normal rotation of wiping roller 701, the quality of wiping roller 701 has still been improved greatly simultaneously.
In which the wiping roller 701 is made of a water absorbing material.
The limiting part 705, the limiting column 702, the spring 706, the first limiting hole 709 and the second limiting hole 703 are matched with each other to play a buffering role, when large adhesion soil appears on the solar photovoltaic panel, the soil cannot be accumulated due to the movement of the wiping roller 701, so that the solar photovoltaic panel is damaged, the wiping roller 701 cannot be damaged, the safety of the solar photovoltaic panel is guaranteed, and meanwhile, the safety of the wiping roller 701 is also guaranteed.
The foregoing is merely exemplary and illustrative of the present invention and various modifications, additions and substitutions may be made by those skilled in the art to the specific embodiments described without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board, includes the frame, install drive mechanism on the frame, the last support of installing of drive mechanism, its characterized in that installs the cylinder on the support, cleans subassembly, watering subassembly, dust removal subassembly and cleans the subassembly, the cylinder is installed in the top one end of support, and the piston rod one end of cylinder installs on cleaning the subassembly, clean the top of unit mount at the support, watering unit mount is on cleaning the subassembly, dust removal unit mount is at the front end of support, clean the rear end of unit mount at the support.
2. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the frame comprises a baffle and support rods arranged at two ends of the baffle, the support rods are of an L-shaped cross section, two fixing blocks are arranged on the support rods, one fixing block is arranged at one end of each support rod and far away from one end of the baffle, the other fixing block is arranged at one side of each support rod, close to the corresponding baffle, and a gap exists between the fixing block and the corresponding baffle, the fixing blocks are matched with the transmission mechanism, a strip-shaped groove is formed in the top of the support plate, and the strip-shaped groove is matched with the transmission mechanism.
3. The efficient cleaning device for solar photovoltaic panels as claimed in claim 2, the transmission mechanism comprises a mounting rack, a motor, a first belt wheel, a second belt wheel, a belt and a threaded rod, the threaded rods correspond to the supporting rods one by one, one end of each threaded rod is rotatably arranged on one fixing block, the other end of each threaded rod penetrates through the other fixing block and extends into a gap between the fixing block and the baffle plate, the second belt wheel is arranged in the gap between the fixing block and the baffle plate, and is fixedly arranged on the threaded rod, the mounting rack is arranged on the baffle plate, the motor is arranged on the baffle plate, the first belt wheel is arranged on an output shaft of the motor, the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel are connected through a belt, install the sleeve on the threaded rod, sleeve and threaded rod threaded connection, and telescopic top runs through the bar groove and is connected with the support.
4. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dust removal assembly comprises a collection chamber, a rotating shaft mounted at the front end of the collection chamber, and a first motor, an inclined upward fixing plate is mounted at the bottom of the front end of the collection chamber, the fixing plate is matched with a rotating roller, one end of the rotating shaft is rotatably mounted on the side wall of the collection chamber, the other end of the rotating shaft penetrates through the other side wall of the collection chamber and extends to the outer side of the collection chamber, the first motor is mounted on the outer wall of the collection chamber, an output shaft of the first motor is connected with the rotating shaft, the rotating roller is mounted on the rotating shaft, and bristles are mounted on the rotating roller.
5. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cleaning assembly comprises a second motor, a rotating shaft, a brush and a fixing member, the fixing member is mounted on the top of the support, the second motor is mounted on the fixing member, an output shaft of the second motor penetrates through the fixing member and extends to the bottom of the fixing member, one end of the rotating shaft is connected with the output shaft of the second motor, and the other end of the rotating shaft is mounted on the brush.
6. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 5, wherein a bar-shaped through hole is formed in the top of the support, a first sliding block is mounted at the bottom of the fixing member and matched with the bar-shaped through hole, sliding grooves are formed in two sides of the bar-shaped through hole in the bottom of the support and matched with the sprinkling assembly, and a limiting ring is mounted on the rotating shaft and matched with the sprinkling assembly.
7. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panels as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sprinkling assembly comprises a water storage tank, a connecting pipe, a supporting plate and a high-pressure sprayer, the supporting plate is rotatably mounted on the rotating shaft, a second sliding block is mounted at the top of the supporting plate and matched with the sliding groove, the water storage tank is mounted on one side of a second motor on the fixing member, one end of the connecting pipe is mounted at the bottom of the water storage tank, the other end of the connecting pipe is hung on the fixing member and connected with the high-pressure sprayer, and the high-pressure sprayer is mounted at one end of the supporting plate.
8. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the wiping component comprises a wiping roller and a connecting rod mounted at two ends of the wiping roller, one end of the connecting rod is rotatably mounted at the bottom of the bracket, and the wiping roller is rotatably mounted at the other end of the connecting rod.
9. The efficient cleaning device for the solar photovoltaic panel according to claim 8, wherein the wiping component further comprises a limiting member, a limiting post, a fixing barrel and a spring, the limiting member is installed on the bracket, a first limiting hole is formed in the side wall of the limiting member, a groove is formed in the middle of the limiting member, the connecting rod is arranged in the groove, a second limiting hole is formed in the middle of the connecting rod, the limiting post is arranged in the second limiting hole, two ends of the limiting post penetrate through the second limiting hole and extend into the first limiting hole, the fixing barrel is arranged in the first limiting hole and installed on the limiting post, one end of the spring is installed at the top of the first limiting hole, and the other end of the spring is installed at the top of the fixing barrel.
10. The efficient cleaning device for solar photovoltaic panels as claimed in claim 9, wherein the first and second limiting holes are both elongated through holes.
CN202111248369.0A 2021-10-26 2021-10-26 High-efficient cleaning device of solar photovoltaic board Active CN113967624B (en)

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