CN113926834A - Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste - Google Patents

Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113926834A
CN113926834A CN202111243002.XA CN202111243002A CN113926834A CN 113926834 A CN113926834 A CN 113926834A CN 202111243002 A CN202111243002 A CN 202111243002A CN 113926834 A CN113926834 A CN 113926834A
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
processing
rod
hole
piece
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CN202111243002.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林春妮
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202111243002.XA priority Critical patent/CN113926834A/en
Publication of CN113926834A publication Critical patent/CN113926834A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/12Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25CHAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS
    • B25C11/00Nail, spike, and staple extractors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/78Recycling of wood or furniture waste

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a processing device and a processing method for recycling and treating building solid wastes. One side slope of branch workbin is equipped with the shifting chute of symmetric distribution, and one side of branch workbin is equipped with the slide bar that the array distributes, is equipped with the slider with slide bar sliding connection in the shifting chute, is equipped with processing tank and interlayer on the fixed tank, is equipped with first feed port, second feed port and the discharge opening that the array distributes in the processing tank. According to the processing device, the material distribution box is used for sorting the wood in the material, the processing piece is used for removing nails on the sorted wood, the crushing piece and the fixing tank are used for crushing for multiple times, the concrete is sufficiently crushed, the collection and the utilization are convenient, and the crushing effect is good.

Description

Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of building solid waste treatment, in particular to a processing device and a processing method for building solid waste recycling treatment.
Background
The building process uses a large amount of concrete, wood system mould board and steel, and the steel is precious to be retrieved, and remaining material has just become building waste after the building is accomplished, and current processing is troublesome, and is with high costs, adopts the landfill treatment mostly, and the wasting of resources, the unable whole landfill processing of a large amount of building rubbish, the current solid waste of building can recycle, but broken troublesome, crushing effect is poor, and separation efficiency is low, and the manual sorting operation is complicated.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a processing device and a processing method for recycling and treating building solid wastes, and solves the problems of troublesome classification, troublesome crushing and poor crushing effect of the conventional building solid waste recycling.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a processingequipment for building is useless recovery processing admittedly, processingequipment includes the workstation, be equipped with the branch workbin on the workstation, be equipped with broken piece on the branch workbin, be equipped with on the workstation and handle the piece, be equipped with the holding tank on the workstation, rotate in the holding tank and be equipped with and move the material auger.
The processing platform comprises a processing platform, and a rack is fixedly arranged on the working platform. One side of the material distribution box is obliquely provided with symmetrically distributed moving grooves, one side of the material distribution box is provided with sliding rods distributed in an array manner, and sliding blocks connected with the sliding rods in a sliding manner are arranged in the moving grooves.
The fixed tank is provided with a treatment tank and an interlayer, and the treatment tank is internally provided with a first feeding hole, a second feeding hole and a discharging hole which are distributed in an array manner.
Further, the workstation includes the bottom plate, is equipped with dust removal piece and mount on the bottom plate, and one side of mount is equipped with the threaded rod, and one side of mount is equipped with the fastening block, is equipped with the arc wall on fastening block and the mount, is equipped with the first conveyer belt in the below that is located the arc wall on the bottom plate, and one side of fastening block is rotated and is equipped with first gear, and the one end of fastening block is equipped with the belt of being connected with first gear fastening, is equipped with the collecting box on the bottom plate, and the rotation is equipped with the lead screw of symmetric distribution on the processing bench, is equipped with first guide arm on the processing bench.
Furthermore, the material distribution box is arranged on the workbench, a second gear and a third gear are rotatably arranged on one side of the material distribution box, symmetrically distributed fourth gears are rotatably arranged on one side of the material distribution box and are meshed with each other, and the fourth gears are arranged between the second gear and the third gear for transmission.
Divide the both sides of workbin to be equipped with flitch and discharge gate down, divide to be equipped with down the hopper on the workbin, divide to be equipped with the U-shaped frame on the workbin, rotate on the U-shaped frame and be equipped with the fifth gear, be equipped with the bracing piece on the U-shaped frame, divide the workbin to be equipped with symmetric distribution's swash plate, be equipped with the straight strip that the array distributes on the swash plate.
The material separating box is internally provided with a corrugated plate, the corrugated plate is provided with blanking holes and material moving grooves which are distributed in an array mode, rotating shafts which are symmetrically distributed are arranged in the material separating box in a rotating mode, the rotating shafts are provided with deflector rods, and the two rotating shafts are respectively and fixedly connected with the second gear and the third gear.
Further, handle a and lead screw, first guide arm cooperation, handle the clamp plate that is equipped with the removal of liftable on the piece, one side of handling the piece is equipped with T shape frame, one side of T shape frame is equipped with mobilizable mounting panel, it is equipped with the rolling piece that is used for getting rid of the nail to rotate on the mounting panel, one side of T shape frame is fixed and is equipped with the support, it is equipped with the circle axle to rotate on the support, one side of support is equipped with the second hydraulic stem of fixed circle axle, the one end of circle axle is equipped with the sixth gear, the epaxial fixed first splint that are equipped with of circle, it is equipped with the second splint to rotate on the first splint.
The sixth gear is matched with the rack.
Further, broken piece includes two crushing boards, and the crushing board rotates with the slider to be connected, rotates on the crushing board and is equipped with the pendulum rod, and the one end of pendulum rod is equipped with the fixed orifices, and the fixed orifices cooperates with the bracing piece, is equipped with half ring gear on a pendulum rod, is equipped with the seventh gear on another pendulum rod, and half ring gear and fifth gear cooperation, seventh gear and fifth gear cooperation, half ring gear, seventh gear and fixed orifices are with the axle center, and one side of crushing board is equipped with and is used for broken steel awl.
Furthermore, it is equipped with filtering piece to rotate in the fixed tank, is equipped with the machined part on the fixed tank, and the interlayer is located between the fixed tank outside and the treatment trough, and first feed port is located the top of second feed port, and the second feed port is located between first feed port and the discharge opening.
The aperture ratio of the first feed port is big than the aperture of the second feed port, and the aperture of discharge opening is the same with the aperture of second feed port, and first feed port, second feed port and discharge opening and interlayer intercommunication, one side of fixed tank are equipped with the stopper, and one side of stopper is equipped with the straight flute, and straight flute and interlayer intercommunication are equipped with the bell jar in the treatment trough, are equipped with the backup pad in the treatment trough, are equipped with the mating holes in the backup pad, are equipped with the connecting hole that is used for installing the machined part on the fixed tank.
The arc-shaped groove is matched with the limiting block.
Furthermore, a ring is fixedly arranged at one end of the material moving auger and is rotatably connected with the interlayer, and a gear ring is arranged at one end of the ring.
The gear ring is matched with the first gear.
Further, it is the toper structure to filter the piece, be equipped with a plurality of filtration pores on the filtration piece, the aperture of filtration pore is less than the aperture of discharge opening, one side of filtering the piece is equipped with the spheroid, the spheroid passes through spring coupling with filtering the piece, the one end of filtering the piece is equipped with first connecting rod, the one end of first connecting rod is equipped with the third connecting rod, the one end and the belt fastening of third connecting rod are connected, be connected through the second connecting rod between first connecting rod and the third connecting rod, first connecting rod, second connecting rod and third connecting rod form Z shape pole, first connecting rod is coaxial with filtering the piece.
The third connecting rod is matched with the matching hole.
Further, the machined part includes and covers with the installation of filtering piece fastening connection, and one side of installation lid is rotated and is equipped with the dwang, is equipped with array distribution's connecting plate on the dwang, and one side of dwang is rotated and is equipped with array distribution's eighth gear, and one side of eighth gear is equipped with broken blade, and the one end fastening of dwang is equipped with solid fixed ring, and solid fixed ring goes up to rotate and is equipped with the grinding piece, grinds the open slot that is equipped with array distribution on the piece.
The dust collection device is characterized in that a dust collection groove is arranged on the mounting cover and is fixedly connected with the dust removal part through a pipeline, the crushing blade is located between the first feeding hole and the second feeding hole, and the fixing ring is located between the second feeding hole and the discharging hole.
A processing method for treating building solid waste and recycling by a processing device comprises the following steps:
s1 blanking
Building solid waste garbage is poured into the material distribution box through the discharging hopper, the fifth gear is rotated, the crushing plate is rotated along the supporting rod, and meanwhile, the sliding block slides on the sliding rod to crush the materials on the inclined plate for one time.
S2, sorting
And the crushed material S1 enters the corrugated plate to be filtered, wood blocks in the material are filtered, the deflector rod is rotated to move the wood blocks out of the material distribution box, and the concrete enters the fixing tank through the corrugated plate and the processing table.
S3, wood block processing
The wood block is conveyed to a processing part, the processing part clamps the wood block, the pressing plate presses down the nails on one side of the wood block, the rolling part is moved to remove the nails with the nail caps facing downwards, then the processing part is moved, the sixth gear rolls on the rack to turn over the wood board, and the nails on the other side of the wood board are continuously removed.
S4, crushing
In the treatment trough that the concrete got into the fixed jar, made dwang and broken blade carry out the regrinding to the concrete, the granule after smashing gets into the open slot, rotates and grinds the piece to the isolation, filters and is rotating, and the material then filters through filtering, and the material through filtering is carried by first conveyer belt and is collected.
S5 recovery processing
The materials which do not pass through the filter element slide down on the surface of the filter element, enter the interlayer through the discharge hole, are conveyed upwards by the material moving auger, sequentially pass through the first feed hole and the second feed hole, enter the treatment tank, are recovered and are crushed again.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the processing device, the material distribution box is used for sorting the wood in the material, the processing piece is used for removing nails on the sorted wood, the crushing piece and the fixing tank are used for crushing for multiple times, the concrete is sufficiently crushed, and the collection and the utilization are convenient;
2. according to the processing device, unprocessed concrete is crushed for multiple times in the fixing tank, the size of the particles of the processed material is ensured, and the crushing effect is good;
3. the processing method provided by the invention can be used for automatically sorting the building solid wastes, crushing the building solid wastes for multiple times, and is simple to operate and convenient to use.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the construction of a processing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of the explosive structure of the holding tank of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the table of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 3A according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the fastening block of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the distributing box of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 6 at B in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the distributing box of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of FIG. 8 at C in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a processing element according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the crushing member of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a stationary tank of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the material transferring auger structure of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the filter element of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a workpiece structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of a work piece structure according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a processingequipment for building is useless recovery processing admittedly, processingequipment includes workstation 1, as shown in figure 1, figure 2, workstation 1 sets firmly branch workbin 2, divide to rotate on the workbin 2 and be equipped with broken 4, the last processing piece 3 that is equipped with symmetric distribution of workstation 1, fixed jar 5 that is equipped with on the workstation 1, 5 internal rotations of fixed jar are equipped with and move material auger 6, 5 internal rotations of fixed jar are equipped with and filter piece 7, fixed being equipped with machined part 8 on the fixed jar 5.
As shown in fig. 3, 4 and 5, the working table 1 includes a bottom plate 11, a dust removing member 111 symmetrically distributed is fastened on the bottom plate 11, a fixing frame 112 is fastened on the bottom plate 11, an arc-shaped groove 113 is provided on the fixing frame 112, a threaded rod 17 is provided on one side of the fixing frame 112, a first conveyor belt 16 is provided on the bottom plate 11, the first conveyor belt 16 is located below the arc-shaped groove 113, a fastening block 12 is fastened on one side of the fixing frame 112, the arc-shaped groove 113 is provided on one side of the fastening block 12, a square groove 121 is provided on the other side of the fastening block 112, the square groove 121 is communicated with the arc-shaped groove 113 on the fastening block 12, a first motor 123 is fixedly provided on the fastening block 12, a first gear 13 is rotatably provided in the square groove 121, an output end of the first motor 123 is fastened to the first gear 13, a belt 14 fastened to the first gear 13 is provided at one end of the fastening block 12, through holes 15 symmetrically distributed are provided on one side of the fastening block 12, the threaded rod 17 passes through the through hole 15 to engage with the nut.
The bottom plate 11 is provided with symmetrically distributed collecting boxes 114, the bottom plate 11 is fixedly provided with a processing table 18, the processing table 18 is provided with symmetrically distributed lead screws 19 and first guide rods 181, the processing table 18 is provided with symmetrically distributed second motors 190, the output ends of the second motors 190 are fixedly connected with the lead screws 19, the processing table 18 is provided with symmetrically distributed through grooves 10, second conveying belts 101 are arranged in the through grooves 10, one sides of the through grooves 10 are fixedly provided with racks 102, and the racks 102 are arranged at one ends far away from the second conveying belts 101.
As shown in fig. 6, 7, 8 and 9, the material distribution box 2 is arranged on the processing table 18, a discharging groove is arranged at the connection position, a second gear 22 and a third gear 221 are rotatably arranged on one side of the material distribution box 2, symmetrically distributed fourth gears 21 are rotatably arranged on one side of the material distribution box 2, the fourth gears 21 are meshed with each other, a mounting block 23 is arranged on one side of the material distribution box 2, a third motor 230 is arranged on the mounting block 23, the output end of the third motor 230 is fixedly connected with one fourth gear 21, the fourth gear 21 is arranged between the second gear 22 and the third gear 221, one fourth gear 21 is meshed with the second gear 22 for transmission, and the other fourth gear 21 is meshed with the third gear 221 for transmission.
Two sides of the material distributing box 2 are provided with blanking plates 24, the connecting part of the blanking plates 24 and the material distributing box 2 is provided with a discharge port 240, the material distributing box 2 is provided with symmetrically distributed blanking hoppers 25, one side of the material distributing box 2 is obliquely provided with symmetrically distributed moving grooves 200, one side of the material distributing box 2 is provided with mounting holes 201 which are distributed in an array manner, slide rods 202 are mounted in the mounting holes 201, slide blocks 203 are arranged in the moving grooves 200, the slide blocks 203 are connected with the slide rods 202 in a sliding manner, the material distributing box 2 is fixedly provided with a U-shaped frame 26, the U-shaped frame 26 is provided with a fifth gear 262 and a fourth motor 260, a support rod 261 is fixedly arranged on the U-shaped frame 26, the support rod 261 is positioned below the fifth gear 262, the output end of the fourth motor 260 is fixedly connected with the fifth gear 262, the material distributing box 2 is internally provided with symmetrically distributed inclined plates 27, the inclined plates 27 are positioned below the blanking hoppers 25, a discharge port is reserved between the inclined plates 27, the discharge port is not shown in the figure, the inclined plates 27 are provided with straight strips 271 which are distributed in an array manner, the straight bars 271 are used for crushing large materials.
The interior of the material separating box 2 is provided with a corrugated plate 28, the corrugated plate 28 is arranged below the inclined plate 27, the corrugated plate 28 is provided with blanking holes 281 and material moving grooves 282 which are distributed in an array manner, rotating shafts 29 which are symmetrically distributed are rotationally arranged in the material separating box 2, the rotating shafts 29 are arranged below the corrugated plate 28, the rotating shafts 29 are fixedly provided with shift rods 291, the shift rods 291 rotate in the material moving grooves 282 to move wood strips on the corrugated plate 28 to the material outlet 240, one end of one rotating shaft 29 is fixedly connected with the second gear 22, and one end of the other rotating shaft 29 is fixedly connected with the third gear 221.
As shown in fig. 10, a through hole 31 and a threaded hole 32 are formed in one side of a processing member 3, the through hole 31 is matched with a screw rod 19, the threaded hole 32 is matched with a first guide rod 180, a first hydraulic rod 33 is fixedly arranged on the processing member 3, the output end of the first hydraulic rod 33 is connected with a pressing plate 331 which is symmetrically distributed, the pressing plate 331 is used for removing nails on wood strips, a T-shaped frame 34 is arranged on one side of the processing member 3, a double-headed screw rod 35 and a second guide rod 36 are arranged on one side of the T-shaped frame 34, a fifth motor 350 is fixedly arranged at one end of the T-shaped frame 34, the output end of the fifth motor 350 is tightly connected with the double-headed screw rod 35, a mounting plate 37 which is symmetrically distributed is slidably arranged on the second guide rod 36, the double-headed screw rod 35 is matched with the mounting plate 37, a rolling member 38 is rotatably arranged on the mounting plate 37, a sixth motor 370 is fixedly arranged on one side of the mounting plate 37, the output end of the sixth motor 370 is tightly connected with the rolling member 38, a plurality of rod bodies are arranged on the rolling member 38, the shank contacts the top cap of the nail and the rolling member 38 is rotated to extract the nail.
The fixed support 39 that is equipped with in one side of T shape frame 34, one side of support 39 is equipped with second hydraulic stem 390, rotate on the support 39 and be equipped with round axle 391, be equipped with square 392 on the round axle 391, the output of second hydraulic stem 390 and square 392 laminating fixed square 392, the one end of round axle 391 is equipped with sixth gear 30, sixth gear 30 and rack 102 cooperation, when sixth gear 30 and rack 102 meshing, second hydraulic stem 390 breaks away from with square 392, fixed being equipped with first splint 394 on the round axle 391, it is equipped with the second splint 395 to rotate on the first splint, be equipped with on the first splint 394 and control second splint 395 and rotate and be equipped with seventh motor 393.
As shown in fig. 11, the crushing member 4 includes two symmetrically arranged crushing plates 41, a round hole 40 is arranged on one side of each crushing plate 41, a bolt passes through the round hole 40 and is rotatably connected with the sliding block 203, the sliding rod 202 is installed in different installation holes 201, the distance between each crushing plate 41 and the inclined plate 27 is adjusted, the crushing degree is adjusted, the swing rod 42 is rotatably arranged on each crushing plate 41, a fixing hole 43 is arranged at one end of the swing rod 42, and the fixing hole 43 is matched with the supporting rod 261.
One swing rod 42 is provided with a semi-gear ring 44, the other swing rod 42 is provided with a seventh gear 45, the semi-gear ring 44 and the seventh gear 45 are respectively positioned at the upper side and the lower side of the fifth gear 262 and are meshed with the fifth gear 262, the semi-gear ring 44 and the seventh gear 45 are coaxial with the fixed hole 43, and one side of the crushing plate 41 is provided with a steel cone 46 for crushing.
As shown in fig. 12, a processing tank 51 and a partition 52 are arranged on the fixed tank 5, the partition 52 is located between the outer side of the fixed tank 5 and the processing tank 51, first feeding holes 53, second feeding holes 54 and discharging holes 55 are arranged in the processing tank 51 in an array distribution, the first feeding holes 53 are located above the second feeding holes 54, the discharging holes 55 are located below the second feeding holes 54, the aperture of the first feeding holes 53 is larger than that of the second feeding holes 54, the aperture of the discharging holes 55 is the same as that of the second feeding holes 54, and the first feeding holes 53, the second feeding holes 54 and the discharging holes 55 are communicated with the partition 52.
One side of the fixed tank 5 is provided with a limiting block 500, the arc-shaped groove 113 is matched with the limiting block 500, one side of the limiting block 500 is provided with a straight groove 58, the straight groove 58 is communicated with the interlayer 52, the interlayer 52 is used for installing the material moving auger 6, a tapered groove 59 is arranged in the processing groove 51, a supporting plate 56 is arranged in the processing groove 51, a matching hole 50 is formed in the supporting plate 56, and a connecting hole 57 for installing the machined part 8 is formed in the fixed tank 5.
As shown in fig. 13, one end of the material moving auger 6 is fixedly provided with a ring 61, one end of the ring 61 is provided with a gear ring 64, one side of the ring 61 is provided with an annular groove 62, a fixing block 63 is slidably arranged in the annular groove 62, the fixing block 63 is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the interlayer 52, and the annular groove 62 is matched with the interlayer 52.
The ring gear 64 is engaged with the first gear 13.
As shown in fig. 14, the filtering member 7 has a conical structure, a plurality of filtering holes 71 are formed in the filtering member 7, the aperture of each filtering hole 71 is smaller than that of the corresponding discharging hole 55, springs 75 distributed in an array are fastened to one side of the filtering member 7, a ball 76 is fixed to one end of each spring 75, the other end of each spring is fastened to the filtering member 7, a first connecting rod 72 is arranged at one end of the filtering member 7, a second connecting rod 74 is arranged at one end of the first connecting rod 72, a third connecting rod 73 is arranged at one side of the second connecting rod 74, the other end of each spring is fastened to the first connecting rod 72, the second connecting rod 74 and the third connecting rod 73 form a Z-shaped rod, and the first connecting rod 72 is coaxial with the filtering member 7.
One end of the third connecting rod 73 passes through the matching hole 50 to be tightly connected with the belt 14, the sphere 76 is attached to the inner wall of the treatment groove 51, the bottom end of the filter element 7 is tightly attached to the bottom end of the treatment groove 51, and the third connecting rod 73 is matched and fixed with the matching hole 50.
As shown in fig. 15, the machined part 8 includes an installation cover 81, one side of the installation cover 81 is provided with a rotating rod 82, a connecting plate 83 with array distribution is arranged on the rotating rod 82, one side of the rotating rod 82 is provided with an eighth gear 84 with array distribution, one side of the eighth gear 84 is fixedly provided with a crushing blade 85 for crushing a concrete block, one end of the rotating rod 82 is provided with an installation frame 86, an eighth motor 87 is arranged on the installation frame 86, one side of the installation frame 86 is fastened and provided with a fixing ring 88, a grinding block 89 is arranged on the fixing ring 88 in a rotating mode, the output end of the eighth motor 87 is fastened and connected with the grinding block 89, and an opening groove 890 with array distribution is arranged on the grinding block 89.
The mounting cover 81 is provided with a ninth motor 820, the output end of the ninth motor 820 is fixedly connected with the rotating rod 82, the mounting cover 81 is provided with a dust suction groove 810, the dust suction groove 810 is fixedly connected with the dust removing part 111 through a pipeline, the connecting plate 83 is provided with a tenth motor 830, the output end of the tenth motor 830 is fixedly connected with the eighth gear 84, the crushing blade 85 is positioned between the first feeding hole 53 and the second feeding hole 54, and the fixing ring 88 is positioned between the second feeding hole 54 and the discharging hole 55.
A processing method for treating building solid waste and recycling by a processing device comprises the following steps:
s1 blanking
The construction solid waste garbage is poured into the material distribution box 2 through the discharging hopper 25, the fifth gear 262 is rotated, the crushing plate 41 is rotated along the supporting rod 261, and meanwhile, the sliding block 203 slides on the sliding rod 202, so that the material on the inclined plate 27 is crushed for one time.
S2, sorting
The crushed material S1 enters the corrugated plate 28 to be filtered, the wood blocks in the material are filtered, the driving lever 291 is rotated to move the wood blocks out of the material distribution box 2, and the concrete enters the fixed tank 5 through the corrugated plate 28 and the processing table 11.
S3, wood block processing
The log is transferred to the treatment member 3, the treatment member 3 holds the log, the press plate 331 presses down the nails on one side of the log, the rolling member 38 is moved to remove the nails with the downward caps, then the treatment member 3 is moved, the sixth gear 30 is rolled on the rack 102 to turn the board over, and the nails on the other side of the board are continuously removed.
S4, crushing
In the treatment trough 51 that the concrete got into the stationary tank 5, made dwang 82 and crushing blade 85 carry out the regrinding to the concrete, the granule after smashing gets into open slot 890, rotates grinding block 89 and grinds the isolation, filters piece 7 and rotates, and the material then filters through filtering piece 7, and the material through filtering piece 7 is carried by first conveyer belt 16 and is collected.
S5 recovery processing
The materials which do not pass through the filter element 7 slide down on the surface of the filter element 7, enter the interlayer 52 through the discharge hole 55, are conveyed upwards by the material moving auger 6, sequentially pass through the first feed hole 53 and the second feed hole 54 to enter the treatment tank 51, are recovered and are crushed again.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. A processing device for recycling and treating solid wastes of a building comprises a workbench (1), and is characterized in that a material distribution box (2) is arranged on the workbench (1), a crushing piece (4) is arranged on the material distribution box (2), a treatment piece (3) is arranged on the workbench (1), a fixed tank (5) is arranged on the workbench (1), and a material moving auger (6) is rotationally arranged in the fixed tank (5);
the workbench (1) comprises a processing table (18), and a rack (102) is fixedly arranged on the processing table (18);
symmetrically distributed moving grooves (200) are obliquely arranged on one side of the material distribution box (2), sliding rods (202) are distributed on one side of the material distribution box (2) in an array manner, and sliding blocks (203) which are connected with the sliding rods (202) in a sliding manner are arranged in the moving grooves (200);
the fixed tank (5) is provided with a treatment tank (51) and an interlayer (52), and the treatment tank (51) is internally provided with first feed holes (53), second feed holes (54) and discharge holes (55) which are distributed in an array manner.
2. The processing device for recycling and treating solid wastes in a building according to claim 1, wherein the workbench (1) comprises a bottom plate (11), a processing table (18) is arranged on the bottom plate (11), a dust removing piece (111) and a fixing frame (112) are arranged on the bottom plate (11), a threaded rod (17) is arranged on one side of the fixing frame (112), a fastening block (12) is arranged on one side of the fixing frame (112), an arc-shaped groove (113) is formed in the fastening block (12) and the fixing frame (112), a first conveying belt (16) positioned below the arc-shaped groove (113) is arranged on the bottom plate (11), a first gear (13) is rotatably arranged on one side of the fastening block (12), a belt (14) fixedly connected with the first gear (13) is arranged at one end of the fastening block (12), a collecting box (114) is arranged on the bottom plate (11), and symmetrically distributed lead screws (19) are rotatably arranged on the processing table (18), the processing table (18) is provided with a first guide rod (181).
3. The processing device for recycling and treating the solid wastes in the buildings according to claim 2, wherein the material distribution box (2) is arranged on the processing table (18), one side of the material distribution box (2) is rotatably provided with a second gear (22) and a third gear (221), one side of the material distribution box (2) is rotatably provided with symmetrically distributed fourth gears (21), the fourth gears (21) are meshed with each other, and the fourth gears (21) are arranged between the second gear (22) and the third gear (221) for transmission;
two sides of the material distribution box (2) are provided with blanking plates (24) and a material outlet (240), the material distribution box (2) is provided with a blanking hopper (25), the material distribution box (2) is provided with a U-shaped frame (26), the U-shaped frame (26) is rotatably provided with a fifth gear (262), the U-shaped frame (26) is provided with a support rod (261), the material distribution box (2) is internally provided with symmetrically distributed inclined plates (27), and the inclined plates (27) are provided with straight strips (271) distributed in an array manner;
the material distributing box is characterized in that a corrugated plate (28) is arranged in the material distributing box (2), blanking holes (281) and material moving grooves (282) which are distributed in an array mode are formed in the corrugated plate (28), symmetrically distributed rotating shafts (29) are arranged in the material distributing box (2) in a rotating mode, a shifting rod (291) is arranged on each rotating shaft (29), and the two rotating shafts (29) are fixedly connected with the second gear (22) and the third gear (221) respectively.
4. The processing device for recycling and treating the solid wastes in the buildings according to claim 3, the processing piece (3) is matched with the lead screw (19) and the first guide rod (180), the processing piece (3) is provided with a movable pressing plate (331) capable of lifting, one side of the processing piece (3) is provided with a T-shaped frame (34), one side of the T-shaped frame (34) is provided with a movable mounting plate (37), the mounting plate (37) is rotatably provided with a rolling piece (38) for removing nails, one side of the T-shaped frame (34) is fixedly provided with a support (39), the support (39) is rotatably provided with a circular shaft (391), one side of the support (39) is provided with a second hydraulic rod (390) for fixing the circular shaft (391), one end of the circular shaft (391) is provided with a sixth gear (30), the circular shaft (391) is fixedly provided with a first clamping plate (394), and the first clamping plate (394) is rotatably provided with a second clamping plate (395);
the sixth gear (30) is engaged with the rack (102).
5. The processing device for recycling the solid wastes in the buildings according to claim 4, wherein the crushing members (4) comprise two crushing plates (41), the crushing plates (41) are rotatably connected with the sliding block (203), the crushing plates (41) are rotatably provided with swing rods (42), one end of each swing rod (42) is provided with a fixing hole (43), the fixing hole (43) is matched with the supporting rod (261), one swing rod (42) is provided with a half gear ring (44), the other swing rod (42) is provided with a seventh gear (45), the half gear ring (44) is matched with a fifth gear (262), the seventh gear (45) is matched with the fifth gear (262), the half gear ring (44) and the seventh gear (45) are coaxial with the fixing hole (43), and one side of each crushing plate (41) is provided with a steel cone (46) for crushing.
6. The processing device for recycling and treating solid wastes in buildings according to claim 5, characterized in that the fixed tank (5) is rotatably provided with a filtering member (7), the fixed tank (5) is provided with a processing member (8), the partition (52) is positioned between the outer side of the fixed tank (5) and the processing tank (51), the first feeding hole (53) is positioned above the second feeding hole (54), and the second feeding hole (54) is positioned between the first feeding hole (53) and the discharge hole (55);
the hole diameter of the first feeding hole (53) is larger than that of the second feeding hole (54), the hole diameter of the discharging hole (55) is the same as that of the second feeding hole (54), the first feeding hole (53), the second feeding hole (54) and the discharging hole (55) are communicated with the interlayer (52), one side of the fixed tank (5) is provided with a limiting block (500), one side of the limiting block (500) is provided with a straight groove (58), the straight groove (58) is communicated with the interlayer (52), a conical groove (59) is arranged in the processing groove (51), a supporting plate (56) is arranged in the processing groove (51), a matching hole (50) is formed in the supporting plate (56), and a connecting hole (57) for mounting a workpiece (8) is formed in the fixed tank (5);
the arc-shaped groove (113) is matched with the limiting block (500).
7. The processing device for recycling the solid wastes in the buildings according to the claim 5, characterized in that one end of the material transferring auger (6) is fixedly provided with a circular ring (61), the circular ring (61) is rotationally connected with the interlayer (52), and one end of the circular ring (61) is provided with a gear ring (64);
the ring gear (64) is engaged with the first gear (13).
8. The processing device for recycling and treating the solid wastes in the buildings according to claim 6, the filtering piece (7) is of a conical structure, a plurality of filtering holes (71) are formed in the filtering piece (7), the hole diameter of each filtering hole (71) is smaller than that of the discharge hole (55), a ball body (76) is arranged on one side of the filtering piece (7), the ball body (76) is connected with the filtering piece (7) through a spring (75), a first connecting rod (72) is arranged at one end of the filtering piece (7), a third connecting rod (73) is arranged at one end of the first connecting rod (72), one end of the third connecting rod (73) is fixedly connected with the belt (14), the first connecting rod (72) is connected with the third connecting rod (73) through a second connecting rod (74), the first connecting rod (72), the second connecting rod (74) and the third connecting rod (73) form a Z-shaped rod, and the first connecting rod (72) is coaxial with the filtering piece (7);
the third link (73) is fitted to the fitting hole (50).
9. The processing device for recycling and treating the solid wastes in the building as claimed in claim 7, wherein the processing member (8) comprises a mounting cover (81) tightly connected with the filter member (7), a rotating rod (82) is rotatably arranged at one side of the mounting cover (81), connecting plates (83) distributed in an array are arranged on the rotating rod (82), eighth gears (84) distributed in an array are rotatably arranged at one side of the rotating rod (82), a crushing blade (85) is arranged at one side of the eighth gear (84), a fixing ring (88) is tightly arranged at one end of the rotating rod (82), a grinding block (89) is rotatably arranged on the fixing ring (88), and open slots (890) distributed in an array are arranged on the grinding block (89);
the dust collection device is characterized in that a dust collection groove (810) is formed in the mounting cover (81), the dust collection groove (810) is fixedly connected with the dust collection piece (111) through a pipeline, the crushing blade (85) is located between the first feeding hole (53) and the second feeding hole (54), and the fixing ring (88) is located between the second feeding hole (54) and the discharging hole (55).
10. A processing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 9 for processing building solid waste recovery treatment, the processing method comprising the steps of:
s1 blanking
Building solid waste garbage is poured into the material distribution box (2) through the discharging hopper (25), the fifth gear (262) is rotated, the crushing plate (41) is rotated along the supporting rod (261), meanwhile, the sliding block (203) slides on the sliding rod (202), and the materials on the inclined plate (27) are crushed for the first time;
s2, sorting
The materials crushed by S1 enter the corrugated plate (28) to be filtered, wood blocks in the materials are filtered, the deflector rod (291) is rotated to move the wood blocks out of the material separating box (2), and concrete enters the fixed tank (5) through the corrugated plate (28) and the processing table (11);
s3, wood block processing
The wood block is conveyed to the processing piece (3), the processing piece (3) clamps the wood block, the pressing plate (331) presses down the nails on one side of the wood block, the rolling piece (38) is moved to remove the nails with downward nail caps, then the processing piece (3) is moved, the sixth gear (30) rolls on the rack (102), the wood board is turned over, and the nails on the other side of the wood board are continuously removed;
s4, crushing
The concrete enters a processing groove (51) of a fixed tank (5), so that a rotating rod (82) and a crushing blade (85) crush the concrete for the second time, crushed particles enter an open groove (890), a grinding block (89) is rotated to grind the isolation, a filtering piece (7) rotates, the material is filtered by the filtering piece (7), and the material passing through the filtering piece (7) is conveyed and collected by a first conveying belt (16);
s5 recovery processing
The materials which do not pass through the filter element (7) slide down on the surface of the filter element (7), enter the interlayer (52) through the discharge hole (55), are conveyed upwards by the material moving auger (6), sequentially pass through the first feed hole (53) and the second feed hole (54) to enter the treatment tank (51), are recycled and are crushed again.
CN202111243002.XA 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste Withdrawn CN113926834A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111243002.XA CN113926834A (en) 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111243002.XA CN113926834A (en) 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113926834A true CN113926834A (en) 2022-01-14

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CN202111243002.XA Withdrawn CN113926834A (en) 2021-10-25 2021-10-25 Processing device and processing method for recycling and treating building solid waste

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Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114453089A (en) * 2022-02-10 2022-05-10 安徽理工大学 Garbage collection recycles device for construction

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203541064U (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-04-16 西安锦程振动科技有限责任公司 Complete construction waste treatment equipment
CN111450947A (en) * 2020-03-22 2020-07-28 叶东民 Construction waste recycling device and processing method thereof
CN112371683A (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-02-19 占天胜 High-efficient recoverer that building rubbish was used
CN112371698A (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-02-19 郑州铁路职业技术学院 Civil engineering classification device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203541064U (en) * 2013-11-16 2014-04-16 西安锦程振动科技有限责任公司 Complete construction waste treatment equipment
CN111450947A (en) * 2020-03-22 2020-07-28 叶东民 Construction waste recycling device and processing method thereof
CN112371683A (en) * 2020-09-17 2021-02-19 占天胜 High-efficient recoverer that building rubbish was used
CN112371698A (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-02-19 郑州铁路职业技术学院 Civil engineering classification device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114453089A (en) * 2022-02-10 2022-05-10 安徽理工大学 Garbage collection recycles device for construction

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Application publication date: 20220114