CN113264225B - Flexible turnover box packaging machine - Google Patents

Flexible turnover box packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113264225B
CN113264225B CN202110737221.7A CN202110737221A CN113264225B CN 113264225 B CN113264225 B CN 113264225B CN 202110737221 A CN202110737221 A CN 202110737221A CN 113264225 B CN113264225 B CN 113264225B
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China
Prior art keywords
driving
plate
frame body
belt wheel
cigarette
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CN202110737221.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113264225A (en
Inventor
魏世伟
张小艺
刘鹏
张贻弓
沈长鹏
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Lanjian Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Lanjian Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Publication of CN113264225A publication Critical patent/CN113264225A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/12Feeding flexible bags or carton blanks in flat or collapsed state; Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
    • B65B43/14Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
    • B65B43/16Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/40Arranging and feeding articles in groups by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/26Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/80Packaging reuse or recycling, e.g. of multilayer packaging

Abstract

The invention discloses a flexible turnover box packaging machine, and relates to the technical field of logistics equipment. The equipment comprises a buffer conveying device, a host module and a feeding module are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the buffer conveying device, and a smoke pushing and separating module is arranged on the front side or the rear side of the host module. The feeding module comprises a feeding manipulator. The main machine module comprises a main machine frame body, wherein a spreading device is arranged on one side, close to the cigarette pushing and separating module, of the main machine frame body, and a casing manipulator is arranged on the main machine frame body. And a tobacco bale conveyor is arranged in the main frame body and between the strutting device and the buffer conveying device. The cigarette pushing and separating module comprises an installation frame body, a cigarette pushing manipulator is arranged in the installation frame body, and a butt joint transfer machine is arranged between the cigarette pushing manipulator and the opening device. The packaging machine is suitable for the flexible turnover box, and can effectively improve the packaging efficiency of the flexible turnover box.

Description

Flexible turnover box packaging machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of logistics equipment, in particular to a flexible turnover box packaging machine.
Background
At present, a packaging link is used as the last ring of a cigarette sorting system and has the functions of automatic stacking and automatic packaging after sorting of cigarettes. The traditional cigarette carton package in the industry mainly adopts a seed package form, wherein the first is plastic film package, and the second is turnover box (soft plastic box) package. Of these, plastic film packaging is most commonly used, but both of these packaging forms have disadvantages.
The plastic film packaging can not be recycled, white pollution is easy to cause, and the influence on the health of workers is great; the automatic container loader for the turnover box/soft plastic box has the problems of influence on the loading rate of delivery vehicles, high purchase cost of the turnover box (soft plastic box) and the like, and the delivery center is less in application.
Therefore, the patent No. 2019302915691 provides a logistics storage and transportation belt, namely a flexible turnover box, which has the advantages of environmental protection, energy conservation, low consumption, cigarette protection, high loading rate and the like, has the conditions and advantages of comprehensive popularization in the national range, but does not have automatic packaging equipment matched with the flexible turnover box at present.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a flexible turnover box packaging machine which is suitable for a flexible turnover box and can effectively improve the packaging efficiency of the flexible turnover box.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
a flexible turnover box packaging machine comprises a cache conveying device, wherein a host module and a feeding module are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the cache conveying device, and a cigarette pushing and separating module is arranged on the front side or the rear side of the host module;
the feeding module comprises a feeding manipulator used for transferring the stacked flexible turnover boxes to the buffer conveying device;
the main machine module comprises a main machine frame body, an opening device is arranged on one side, close to the cigarette pushing and separating module, of the main machine frame body, and a box sleeving mechanical arm used for transferring the flexible turnover box on the buffer storage conveying device to the opening device is arranged on the main machine frame body;
a tobacco bale conveyor is arranged in the main rack body and between the opening device and the buffer conveying device;
the cigarette pushing and separating module comprises an installation frame body, a cigarette pushing manipulator is arranged in the installation frame body, and a butt-joint transfer machine is arranged between the cigarette pushing manipulator and the opening device;
the spreader comprises a first spreading component and a second spreading component which have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged, the first spreading component and the second spreading component are both in sliding connection with the main frame body, a third driving part is arranged between the first spreading component and the main frame body, a fourth driving part is arranged between the second spreading component and the main frame body, the first spreading component comprises a lifting plate in sliding connection with the main frame body, a vertical supporting plate is arranged on the lifting plate, transverse supporting plates in sliding connection with the lifting plate are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the vertical supporting plate, and a fifth driving part for driving the transverse supporting plates to move left and right is arranged between the transverse supporting plates and the lifting plate;
the third driving component comprises a second driving belt, a second driven belt wheel and a second driving belt wheel, the second driven belt wheel is rotatably connected with the main frame body through a driving shaft, the second driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a second driving motor through the driving shaft, and a lifting plate of the first spreading assembly is fixedly connected with the second driving belt through a first fixing assembly;
the fourth driving component comprises a third driving belt, a third driven belt wheel and a third driving belt wheel, the third driven belt wheel is rotatably connected with the main frame body through a driving shaft, the third driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a third driving motor through the driving shaft, and a lifting plate of the second spreading assembly is fixedly connected with the third driving belt through a second fixing assembly;
the driving shaft comprises a first driving shaft and a second driving shaft which are rotatably arranged on the main frame body, a power output shaft of the second driving motor is connected with the first driving shaft, a power output shaft of the third driving motor is connected with the second driving shaft, the second driving belt wheel and the third driving belt wheel are respectively and fixedly arranged on the first driving shaft and the second driving shaft, and the second driven belt wheel and the third driven belt wheel are respectively and rotatably connected with the second driving shaft and the first driving shaft through bearing assemblies.
Further, the feeding module comprises a feeding frame body, the feeding manipulator comprises a first beam plate which is in sliding connection with the feeding frame body, a first driving part which is used for driving the first beam plate to move left and right is arranged between the first beam plate and the feeding frame body, a cross sliding assembly is arranged on the first beam plate, and an embracing and clamping assembly is arranged at the lower end of the cross sliding assembly.
Further, the pouring jacket manipulator comprises a second beam plate fixedly arranged on the main frame body, a cross sliding assembly is arranged on the second beam plate, and a picking assembly is arranged at the lower end of the cross sliding assembly.
Further, the cross sliding component comprises a sliding plate, a vertical beam, a first driving belt wheel, a second driving belt wheel and a transmission belt, the vertical beam is connected with the sliding plate in a sliding way, a first guide wheel and a second guide wheel are arranged on the sliding plate at one side of the vertical beam, a fourth guide wheel and a fifth guide wheel are arranged on the other side of the vertical beam on the sliding plate, the upper end of the vertical beam is provided with a third guide wheel, the first driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a first motor, the second driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a second motor, one end of the driving belt is fixedly connected with the vertical beam, the other end of the transmission belt sequentially bypasses the first guide wheel, the first driving belt wheel, the second guide wheel, the third guide wheel, the fourth guide wheel, the second driving belt wheel and the fifth guide wheel and then is fixedly connected with the vertical beam.
Furthermore, the second driving belt and the third driving belt are both in an open-loop structure, and the first fixing component and the second fixing component are identical in structure; the second fixing component comprises a first fixing clamping plate and a second fixing clamping plate, and a tightening rod is arranged between the first fixing clamping plate and the second fixing clamping plate.
Further, push away cigarette manipulator including can for installation support body front and back gliding push away the cigarette board, the installation support body on be provided with sharp module, push away the cigarette board pass through the linking arm with the sliding block of sharp module is connected, push away the cigarette board with linking arm sliding connection, push away and be provided with between cigarette board and the linking arm and push away the cigarette cylinder.
Furthermore, the cigarette pushing plate is provided with four avoidance notches, the avoidance notches are internally provided with separation baffles, the front side faces of the separation baffles are flush with the front side faces of the cigarette pushing plate, and separation cylinders used for driving the separation baffles to stretch are arranged between the separation baffles and the cigarette pushing plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the automatic feeding module is adopted, and the three-axis manipulator can be used for automatically realizing the replenishment of the stacked flexible turnover box from the transfer trolley to the buffer storage conveying device, so that the manual replenishment can be effectively replaced, the labor intensity is reduced, and the efficiency is improved.
2. The automatic feeding module is provided with a guide positioning device of the transfer trolley, so that the transfer trolley and the automatic feeding module are conveniently positioned, the stability of clamping the flexible transfer box by the automatic feeding module is improved, and the transfer box in the clamping process is prevented from falling due to inaccurate positioning;
3. the clamping plates are arranged at the tail ends of the automatic feeding modules, so that clamping of the stacked flexible turnover box can be realized, the stacked flexible turnover box can be effectively clamped, and the turnover box is not easy to drop in the transferring process.
4. The transfer trolley is used as a flexible transfer box unit for storage, has the function of positioning the flexible transfer box, and can be used as a pre-storage unit of a piled flexible transfer box
5. The host module adopts two sets of alternately working two-shaft mechanical arms, so that the efficiency of taking the boxes and sleeving the boxes is effectively improved.
6. The host module adopts a two-dimensional four-directional size adjusting mechanism, can flexibly realize the four-directional opening of the flexible turnover box, can control the opening size and the stopping position, realizes a plurality of actions by using one mechanism, improves the box supporting efficiency and has higher flexibility.
7. The cigarette pushing and separating mechanism adopts a servo-controlled mechanism of a linear module composite cylinder, and realizes that the cigarette pushing plate under a compact structure has a larger stroke.
8. Push away cigarette separating mechanism, push away the cigarette board and install four driving levers that can stretch out and draw back, can stir flexible turnover case through the driving lever and break away from two-dimentional quadriversal size adjustment mechanism, rather than promote the cigarette buttress through pushing away the cigarette board, utilize the cigarette buttress to break away from flexible turnover case, reduce the pressure to the cigarette buttress, avoid crushing the cigarette at the in-process of separation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a flexible turnover box packaging machine;
fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a flexible turnover box packaging machine;
FIG. 3 is a right side view of the flexible tote wrapper;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the feeding module;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of portion B of FIG. 4;
fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a feeding manipulator;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the portion C of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of portion D of FIG. 7;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of the cross slide assembly;
FIG. 11 is a schematic perspective view of a host module;
FIG. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a boxing robot;
fig. 13 is a schematic perspective view of the distracting device;
FIG. 14 is an enlarged view of section E of FIG. 13;
FIG. 15 is an enlarged view of portion F of FIG. 13;
FIG. 16 is a right side view of the smoke push separation module;
fig. 17 is a schematic perspective view of a cigarette pushing manipulator;
fig. 18 is an enlarged structural view of a portion G in fig. 17.
In the figure: 1-loading module, 11-loading frame, 121-first beam plate, 1211-first clamping plate, 1221-first drive belt, 1222-first drive pulley, 1223-first driven pulley, 1224-commutator, 1225-first drive motor, 1226-drive shaft, 1231-slide plate, 12311-first guide wheel, 12312-second guide wheel, 12313-fourth guide wheel, 12314-fifth guide wheel, 1232-vertical beam, 12321-third guide wheel, 12322-second clamping plate, 1233-first pulley, 1234-second drive pulley, 1235-drive belt, 1236-first motor, 1237-second motor, 124-clasping clamp assembly, 1241-first mounting cross plate, 1242-clasping plate, 1243-first guide bar, 1244-a clamping installation seat, 1245-a first guide seat, 1246-a clamping cylinder,
2-main unit module, 21-main unit frame body, 22-spreading device, 221-first spreading assembly, 2211-lifting plate, 2212-vertical spreading plate, 2213-first connecting frame, 2214-horizontal spreading plate, 2215-spreading cylinder, 2216-second connecting frame, 222-second spreading assembly, 2231-second driving belt, 2232-second driven pulley, 2233-second driving pulley, 2234-second driving motor, 2241-third driving belt, 2242-third driven pulley, 2243-third driving pulley, 2244-third driving motor, 225-first driving shaft, 226-second driving shaft, 227-first fixing assembly, 228-second fixing assembly, 2281-first fixing clamping plate, 2282-second fixing clamping plate, 2283-tensioning rod, 23-a boxing manipulator, 231-a second beam plate, 2321-a second installation transverse plate, 2322-a sucker,
3-buffering the conveying device to convey the materials,
4-smoke-pushing separation module, 41-installation frame body, 42-smoke-pushing manipulator, 421-smoke-pushing plate, 422-linear module, 423-connecting arm, 424-second guide rod, 425-second guide seat, 426-smoke-pushing cylinder, 427-separation baffle, 428-separation cylinder,
5-a cigarette packet conveyor, 6-a butt joint transfer machine, 7-a transfer trolley and 8-a guide positioning block.
Detailed Description
For convenience of description, a coordinate system is defined as shown in fig. 1, and the left-right direction is taken as a transverse direction, the front-back direction is taken as a longitudinal direction, and the up-down direction is taken as a vertical direction.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, a feeding module 1 of a flexible circulation box packaging machine, a host module 2, and a buffer conveying device 3 for connecting the feeding module 1 and the host module 2, wherein one end of the buffer conveying device 3 extends into the feeding module 1, and the other end of the buffer conveying device 3 extends into the host module 2. As a specific implementation manner, in this embodiment, the buffer conveying device 3 is arranged along the transverse direction, the feeding module 1 is located at the right end of the buffer conveying device 3, and the host module 2 is located at the left end of the buffer conveying device 3. The rear side of the host module 2 is provided with a smoke pushing and separating module 4.
The feeding module 1 comprises a feeding rack body 11, wherein the feeding rack body 11 is provided with a feeding manipulator which is used for transferring the piled flexible turnover box to the buffer conveying device 3.
Host computer module 2 include the host computer frame body 21, host computer frame body 21 on lie in and be close to one side (being the rear side) of pushing away cigarette separation module 4 is provided with distraction device 22, the upper end of host computer frame body 21 is provided with and is used for with flexible turnover case on the buffer memory conveyor 3 shifts to the pouring jacket manipulator 23 on the distraction device 22. Preferably, two sets of box packing manipulators 23 are arranged on the main frame body 21, and the two sets of box packing manipulators 23 can alternately operate, so that the packing efficiency can be effectively improved.
A tobacco bale conveyor 5 is arranged between the expanding device 22 and the buffer conveying device 3 in the main frame body 21.
The cigarette pushing and separating module 4 comprises an installation frame body 41, a cigarette pushing manipulator 42 is arranged in the installation frame body 41, and a butt-joint transfer machine 6 used for being connected with an upstream process is arranged between the cigarette pushing manipulator 42 and the spreading device 22.
Here, the buffer conveying device 3, the cigarette packet conveyor 5, and the butt transfer machine 6 are all in the prior art, and detailed descriptions of specific structures thereof are not repeated here.
As shown in fig. 4, the feeding module 1 includes a feeding frame 11, the feeding frame 11 includes a first frame formed by sequentially connecting four first side beams in an end-to-end manner, four corners of the first frame are respectively provided with first vertical columns extending downward in the vertical direction, and lower ends of the first vertical columns are provided with first ground feet. A first connecting beam is arranged between two adjacent first stand columns, and two ends of the first connecting beam are fixedly connected with the stand columns respectively.
As shown in fig. 4, the feeding manipulator includes a first beam plate 121 extending longitudinally, and front and rear ends of the first beam plate 121 are slidably connected to the feeding rack 11 through sliding assemblies, respectively.
As a specific implementation manner, as shown in fig. 4, 5 and 7, in this embodiment, first sliding blocks are respectively fixedly disposed at front and rear ends of an upper side surface of the first beam plate 121, and a first guide rail matched with the first sliding blocks is fixedly disposed on a lower side surface of a first edge beam of the upper rack 11, which is diffracted in the transverse direction.
A first driving part for driving the first beam plate 121 to move left and right is arranged between the first beam plate 121 and the upper rack 11.
As a specific implementation manner, as shown in fig. 4, the first driving part in this embodiment includes first driving belts 1221 respectively disposed at the front and rear sides of the upper material frame 11, a left end first driving pulley 1222 of the first driving belt 1221, and a right end of the first driving belt 1221 is provided with a first driven pulley 1223. The first driving pulley 1222 is disposed on the inner side surface of the first side beam of the first frame on the left side through a pulley mounting seat; the first driven pulley 1223 is disposed on the inner side surface of the first side beam of the first frame on the right side through a pulley mounting seat. A commutator 1224 is fixedly arranged on the inner side surface of the first side beam on the left side of the first frame, the commutator 1224 is a T-shaped commutator 1224 with one inlet and two outlets, the input end of the commutator 1224 is connected with the power output shaft of the first driving motor 1225, and the two driving pulleys are respectively connected with the output end of the commutator 1224 through a transmission shaft 1226.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, the front and rear ends of the left side surface of the first beam plate 121 are respectively provided with a first clamping plate 1211 for clamping the first driving belt 1221. The front and rear ends of the first beam 121 are fixedly connected to the first driving belt 1221 through first clamping plates 1211, respectively. During operation, the first beam plate 121 is driven by the first driving belt 1221 to move left and right relative to the upper material frame 11.
As shown in fig. 7, 8 and 10, the first beam 121 is provided with a cross sliding assembly.
The cross sliding assembly comprises a sliding plate 1231, a vertical beam 1232, a first driving pulley 1233, a second driving pulley 1234 and a transmission belt 1235, wherein the sliding plate 1231 is slidably connected with the right side surface of the first beam plate 121 through the sliding assembly, and the sliding plate 1231 can slide back and forth relative to the first beam plate 121. As a specific implementation manner, as shown in fig. 7, in this embodiment, two second guide rails extending in the front-back direction are disposed on the right side surface of the first beam plate 121, and a second slider matched with the second guide rails is disposed on the left side surface of the sliding plate 1231.
The right side of the sliding plate 1231 is provided with a vertical beam 1232 extending in the vertical direction, the vertical beam 1232 is slidably connected to the sliding plate 1231 through a sliding assembly, and the vertical beam 1232 can slide up and down relative to the sliding plate 1231. As a specific implementation manner, in this embodiment, a third sliding block is disposed on a right side surface of the sliding plate 1231, and a third guide rail (not shown in the figure) matched with the third sliding block is disposed on a left side surface of the vertical beam 1232.
The skateboard 1231 is provided with a first guide wheel 12311 and a second guide wheel 12312 at the front side of the vertical beam 1232 from bottom to bottom in sequence, and the skateboard 1231 is provided with a fourth guide wheel 12313 and a fifth guide wheel 12314 at the rear side of the vertical beam 1232 from top to bottom in sequence. The upper end of the vertical beam 1232 is provided with a third guide wheel 12321.
A first driving pulley 1233 and a second driving pulley 1234 are respectively disposed at the front end and the rear end of the right side of the first beam plate 121, a first motor 1236 and a second motor 1237 are disposed on the left side of the first beam plate 121, a power output shaft of the first motor 1236 passes through the first beam plate 121 and then is connected to the first driving pulley 1233, and a power output shaft of the second motor 1237 passes through the first beam plate 121 and then is connected to the second driving pulley 1234.
The driving belt 1235 is an open-loop synchronous belt, one end of the driving belt 1235 is fixedly connected with the lower end of the front side surface of the vertical beam 1232 through a second clamping plate 12322, and the other end of the driving belt 1235 sequentially bypasses the first guide wheel 12311, the first driving pulley 1233, the second guide wheel 12312, the third guide wheel 12321, the fourth guide wheel 12313, the second driving pulley 1234 and the fifth guide wheel 12314 and then is fixedly connected with the lower end of the rear side surface of the vertical beam 1232 through the second clamping plate 12322.
When the first motor 1236 and the second motor 1237 rotate in the same direction, the vertical beam 1232 is driven to move back and forth, and when the first motor 1236 and the second motor 1237 rotate in different directions, the vertical beam 1232 is driven to move up and down.
As shown in fig. 7 and 9, the lower end of the vertical beam 1232 is fixedly provided with a clasping assembly 124, the clasping assembly 124 includes a first mounting transverse plate 1241, and the lower end of the vertical beam 1232 is fixedly connected to the first mounting transverse plate 1241. The left side and the right side of the first mounting transverse plate 1241 are respectively provided with a clamping plate 1242, the clamping plate 1242 is slidably connected with the first mounting transverse plate 1241 through a sliding assembly, and a second driving part for driving the clamping plate 1242 to slide left and right relative to the first mounting transverse plate 1241 is arranged between the clamping plate 1242 and the first mounting transverse plate 1241.
As a specific implementation manner, as shown in fig. 7 and fig. 9, in this embodiment, two first guide rods 1243 are disposed between two clamping plates 1242, and the two first guide rods 1243 are respectively located at the front and rear sides of the vertical beam 1232. A clamping mounting seat 1244 is fixedly arranged on the upper side surface of the first mounting transverse plate 1241, and the first guide rod 1243 is fixedly connected with the first mounting transverse plate 1241 through the clamping mounting seat 1244. The clasping plate 1242 is provided with a first guide seat 1245 which is matched with the first guide rod 1243. The second driving component is a clamping cylinder 1246, a cylinder body of the clamping cylinder 1246 is fixedly connected with the first mounting transverse plate 1241, and a rod end of a piston rod of the clamping cylinder 1246 is fixedly connected with the clamping plate 1242.
Further, in order to prevent the stacked flexible containers from falling down during the transportation and transfer, as shown in fig. 7, the inner side surface of the holding plate 1242 is provided with a friction pattern, which is a saw-toothed shape in this embodiment as a specific embodiment. The lower end of the holding clamp plate 1242 is provided with a supporting plate extending inwards (with the opposite side of the two holding clamp plates 1242 as the inner side) along the horizontal direction.
As shown in fig. 11, the host module 2 includes a host housing body 21. The main frame body 21 comprises a second frame formed by sequentially ending four second side beams, wherein second stand columns extending downwards along the vertical direction are respectively arranged on four corners of the second frame, and second ground feet are arranged at the lower ends of the second stand columns. And a second connecting beam is arranged between two adjacent second upright columns.
As shown in fig. 11, the two sets of the box sleeving manipulators 23 have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged.
As shown in fig. 12, the box loading robot 23 includes a second beam plate 231 located above the second frame, and the front and rear ends of the second beam plate 231 are respectively fixedly connected to the second frame. The second beam plate 231 is provided with a cross sliding assembly, and the cross sliding assembly arranged on the second beam plate 231 has the same structure as the cross sliding assembly arranged on the first beam plate 121, and is not described herein again.
As shown in fig. 12, a pickup assembly is fixedly disposed at a lower end of the vertical beam 1232 of the cross slide assembly disposed on the second beam plate 231. The picking assembly comprises a second mounting transverse plate 2321, a suction cup 2322 is arranged on the second mounting transverse plate 2321, and the upper end of the suction cup 2322 is connected with a vacuum generating device through a pipeline. As a specific implementation manner, the vacuum generating device described in this embodiment is a vacuum pump.
Preferably, four suction cups 2322 are arranged on the second mounting transverse plate 2321, and the four suction cups 2322 are arranged in a matrix of two rows and two columns.
As shown in fig. 13, the expanding device 22 includes a first expanding component 221 and a second expanding component 222 which have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged, and both the first expanding component 221 and the second expanding component 222 are slidably connected to the main frame body 21 through a sliding component. A third driving component for driving the first expanding component 221 to move up and down is arranged between the first expanding component 221 and the main frame body 21, and a fourth driving component for driving the second expanding component 222 to move up and down is arranged between the second expanding component 222 and the main frame body 21.
As shown in fig. 13 and 14, the first expanding assembly 221 includes a lifting plate 2211, and both ends of the lifting plate 2211 are slidably connected to the main frame body 21 through sliding assemblies, respectively. As a specific implementation manner, in this embodiment, the left and right ends of the lifting plate 2211 are respectively and fixedly provided with a fourth slider, and the inner side surfaces (the opposite sides of the two second columns are the inner sides) of the two second columns located at the rear side of the main frame body 21 are provided with a fourth guide rail matched with the fourth slider.
A vertical supporting plate 2212 is arranged below the lifting plate 2211, first connecting frames 2213 are respectively arranged on the vertical supporting plate 2212 and positioned on the front side and the rear side of the lifting plate 2211, each first connecting frame 2213 comprises a horizontal part and a vertical part, and reinforcing rib plates are arranged between the horizontal part and the vertical part. The horizontal portion of the first connecting frame 2213 is fixedly connected to the vertical supporting plate 2212 by welding, and the vertical portions of the two first connecting frames 2213 are fixedly connected to the front side and the rear side of the lifting plate 2211 by screws.
Horizontal supporting plates 2214 are respectively arranged below the lifting plate 2211 on the left side and the right side of the vertical supporting plate 2212, and the horizontal supporting plates 2214 are connected with the lifting plate 2211 in a sliding mode through sliding assemblies. A fifth driving part for driving the lateral supporting plate 2214 to move left and right is arranged between the lateral supporting plate 2214 and the lifting plate 2211. As a specific implementation manner, as shown in fig. 14, in this embodiment, a fifth slider is disposed at a rear end of an upper side surface of the lateral supporting plate 2214, and a fifth guide rail matched with the fifth slider is disposed on a lower side surface of the lifting plate 2211. The fifth driving member is a spreading cylinder 2215, the cylinder body of the spreading cylinder 2215 is fixedly connected to the upper side surface of the lifting plate 2211, and the piston rod of the spreading cylinder 2215 is fixedly connected to the transverse supporting plate 2214 through a second connecting frame 2216. The second connecting frame 2216 comprises a vertical plate extending along the longitudinal direction, and the rod end of the piston rod of the expanding cylinder 2215 is fixedly connected with the vertical plate. The front end and the rear end of the vertical plate are respectively provided with a first connecting plate extending downwards along the vertical direction, and the lower end of the first connecting plate is fixedly connected with the transverse supporting plate 2214 through screws. Preferably, the first connecting plate is perpendicular to the vertical plate.
Since the second distraction assembly 222 and the first distraction assembly 221 have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged, the structure of the second distraction assembly 222 is not described herein again.
The third driving part comprises two second driving belts 2231 positioned outside the transverse supporting plate 2214 of the first distraction assembly 221, a second driven belt wheel 2232 is arranged at the upper end of the second driving belts 2231, and a second driving belt wheel 2233 is arranged at the lower end of the second driving belts 2231. The two second driven pulleys 2232 are rotatably connected to the main frame body 21 through a driving shaft, the two second driving pulleys 2233 are connected to a power output shaft of the second driving motor 2234 through a driving shaft, and the two second driving pulleys 2233 are driven by the second driving motor 2234 to synchronously rotate. The second driving motor 2234 is fixedly disposed on the second column of the main frame body 21.
The left and right ends of the lifting plate 2211 of the first spreader component 221 are respectively fixedly connected with the second driving belt 2231 through a first fixing component 227.
Fourth drive member include two third drive belt 2241 positioned outside lateral support plate 2214 of second spreader assembly 222, and third drive belt 2241 is positioned inside second drive belt 2231 (with the opposite side of second drive belt 2231 being the inside). Third drive belt 2241's lower extreme is provided with third driven pulley 2242, third drive belt 2241's upper end is provided with third driving pulley 2243. Two third driven pulleys 2242 all through the drive shaft with host computer support body 21 rotate and be connected, two third driving pulley 2243 link to each other through the power take-off shaft of drive shaft with third driving motor 2244, two third driving pulley 2243 under third driving motor 2244's drive synchronous rotation. And the third driving motor 2244 is fixedly arranged on the second upright post of the main frame body 21.
The left end and the right end of the lifting plate 2211 of the second expansion assembly 222 are respectively fixedly connected with the third driving belt 2241 through a second fixing assembly 228.
Further, in order to simplify the structure and reduce the cost, as shown in fig. 13, the driving shaft includes a first driving shaft 225 and a second driving shaft 226, and the first driving shaft 225 is located right below the second driving shaft 226. The left and right ends of the first driving shaft 225 and the second driving shaft 226 are respectively rotatably connected to the second column of the main frame body 21 through bearing assemblies. The power output shaft of the second driving motor 2234 is connected to the first driving shaft 225 through a coupling, and the power output shaft of the third driving motor 2244 is connected to the second driving shaft 226 through a coupling. The second driving pulley 2233 is fixedly disposed on the first driving shaft 225, the second driven pulley 2232 is disposed on the second driving shaft 226, and a bearing assembly is disposed between the second driven pulley 2232 and the second driving shaft 226, i.e., the second driven pulley 2232 can rotate relative to the second driving shaft 226. The third driving pulley 2243 is fixedly disposed on the second driving shaft 226, the third driven pulley 2242 is disposed on the first driving shaft 225, and a bearing assembly is disposed between the third driven pulley 2242 and the first driving shaft 225, that is, the third driven pulley 2242 can rotate relative to the first driving shaft 225.
Further, in order to facilitate the detachment and tension adjustment of the second driving belt 2231 and the third driving belt 2241, both the second driving belt 2231 and the third driving belt 2241 are an open-loop driving belt 1235.
As shown in fig. 13 and 15, the second fixing assembly 228 includes a first fixing plate 2281 for clamping one end of the third driving belt 2241 and a second fixing plate 2282 for clamping the other end of the third driving belt 2241, and the second fixing plate 2282 is fixedly connected to the lifting plate 2211 of the second expanding assembly 222 through screws. A tension bar 2283 is arranged between the first fixing splint 2281 and the second fixing splint 2282. As a specific implementation manner, in this embodiment, the first fixing splint 2281 is provided with a first ear plate, the second fixing splint 2282 is provided with a second ear plate, the lower end of the tightening rod 2283 is fixedly connected to the second ear plate, the first ear plate is provided with a through hole for accommodating the tightening rod 2283, and the tightening rod 2283 is provided with locking nuts respectively at the upper side and the lower side of the first ear plate.
The structure of the first fixing element 227 is the same as that of the second fixing element 228, and is not described herein again.
As shown in fig. 2 and 16, the cigarette pushing and separating mechanism includes a mounting frame body 41, and the mounting frame body 41 includes a top frame and a third upright post for supporting the top frame.
As shown in fig. 16 and 17, the cigarette pushing manipulator 42 includes a cigarette pushing plate 421 capable of sliding forward and backward relative to the mounting frame 41, and a sixth driving member for driving the cigarette pushing plate 421 to move forward and backward is disposed between the cigarette pushing plate 421 and the mounting frame 41.
As a specific implementation manner, the sixth driving component in this embodiment includes a linear module 422 fixedly disposed on the top frame of the mounting frame body 41, and the cigarette pushing plate 421 is fixedly connected to a sliding block of the linear module 422 through a connecting arm 423.
Further, in order to increase the stroke of the cigarette pushing plate 421, as shown in fig. 17, the cigarette pushing plate 421 is slidably connected to the connecting arm 423 through a second guide rod 424, and the connecting arm 423 is provided with a second guide seat 425 matched with the second guide rod 424. A cigarette pushing cylinder 426 is arranged between the cigarette pushing plate 421 and the connecting arm 423, a cylinder body of the cigarette pushing cylinder 426 is fixedly connected with the connecting arm 423, and a piston rod end of the cigarette pushing cylinder 426 penetrates through the connecting arm 423 and then is fixedly connected with the cigarette pushing plate 421.
As a specific embodiment, the connecting arm 423 in this embodiment includes a first seat plate fixed on the lower side surface of the sliding block by screws, a second seat plate extending in the transverse direction is disposed at the front side of the first seat plate, the second seat plate is perpendicular to the first seat plate, two connecting bent plates are disposed between the first seat plate and the second seat plate, and the first seat plate and the second seat plate are connected as a whole through the connecting bent plates. The cylinder body of the cigarette pushing cylinder 426 is fixedly connected with the second seat plate, and the rod end of the piston rod of the cigarette pushing cylinder 426 passes through the second seat plate and then is fixedly connected with the cigarette pushing plate 421. The second guide sleeve is arranged on the second seat board.
Further, the upper edge and the lower edge of the cigarette pushing plate 421 are both provided with two avoiding notches, a separating baffle 427 is arranged in each avoiding notch, and the front side surface of the separating baffle 427 is flush with the front side surface of the cigarette pushing plate 421. A separation cylinder 428 for driving the separation baffle 427 to extend and retract is arranged between the separation baffle 427 and the smoke pushing plate 421. Preferably, the separation cylinder 428 adopts a cylinder with a guide rod, the cylinder body of the cylinder is fixedly connected with the rear side surface of the cigarette pushing plate 421, and the piston rod of the separation cylinder 428 is connected with the separation baffle 427 through a second connecting plate. When the expanding cylinder 2215 of the expanding device 22 acts and the piston rod extends, a gap is formed between the vertical supporting plate 2212 and the horizontal supporting plate 2214, and the four separating baffles 427 are aligned with the four gaps one by one.
Further, as shown in fig. 1 and 4, the flexible turnover box packaging machine further comprises a transfer trolley 7, and a guide positioning block 8 matched with the transfer trolley 7 is arranged on the bottom surface in the upper material rack 11.
When the flexible turnover box transfer device works, firstly, the transfer trolley 7 provided with the flexible turnover box is placed in the material loading frame body 11, then the material loading mechanical arm acts, the piled flexible turnover box is transferred to the buffer storage conveying device 3, and the buffer storage conveying device 3 acts to convey the flexible turnover box into the host machine module 2. Then, the container sleeving mechanical arm 23 in the host module 2 acts to pick up the uppermost flexible container, and sleeves the flexible container on the opening device 22 in the closed state. Then, the expanding device 22 acts, and the second driving motor 2234 and the third driving motor 2244 drive the first expanding component 221 and the second expanding component 222 to move back to back, so as to realize the up-and-down expanding; meanwhile, the expanding cylinder 2215 acts to drive the transverse supporting plate 2214 to move outwards, so that left and right expanding is realized. Then, the cigarette pushing plate 421 of the cigarette pushing and separating module 4 acts to push the cigarette stacks on the butt-joint transfer machine 6 into the flexible turnover box in the opening state. When the stack is fully pushed into the flexible container, the separating cylinder 428 is actuated and the separating baffles 427 are extended and pass through the gap between the vertical support plate 2212 and the transverse support plate 2214 and abut against the rear side edge of the flexible container. The pusher plate 421 continues to move forward, thereby pushing the flexible turnover box with the cigarette stacks (cigarette packets) therein onto the cigarette packet conveyor 5. Then the tobacco bale conveyor 5 acts to finish the blanking.
Example two
The driving shafts include a third driving shaft and a fourth driving shaft positioned at the front side of the lifting plate 2211, and a fifth driving shaft and a sixth driving shaft positioned at the rear side of the lifting plate 2211.
The third driving shaft is located below the fourth driving shaft, and the left end and the right end of the third driving shaft and the fourth driving shaft are respectively connected with the second upright post of the main frame body 21 through bearing assemblies in a rotating manner. The third driving shaft is connected with a power output shaft of the second driving motor 2234 through a coupling. The second driving pulley 2233 and the second driven pulley 2232 are respectively and fixedly disposed on the third driving shaft and the fourth driving shaft.
The fifth driving shaft is located below the sixth driving shaft, and the left end and the right end of the fifth driving shaft and the sixth driving shaft are respectively connected with the second upright post of the main frame body 21 through bearing assemblies in a rotating manner. And the fifth driving shaft is connected with a power output shaft of the third driving motor 2244 through a coupler. The third driving pulley 2243 and the third driven pulley 2242 are fixedly disposed on the fifth driving shaft and the sixth driving shaft, respectively.
The other structures are the same as those in the first embodiment.
EXAMPLE III
The first seat plate of the connecting arm 423 is slidably connected with the top frame of the mounting frame body 41 through a sliding assembly. As a specific implementation manner, in this embodiment, two sixth guide rails extending in the front-back direction are disposed on the lower side surface of the top frame of the mounting frame body 41, and a sixth sliding block matched with the sixth guide rails is disposed on the first seat plate. And a rodless cylinder is arranged between the two sixth guide rails, a cylinder body of the rodless cylinder is fixedly connected with the top frame, and a piston slide block of the rodless cylinder is fixedly connected with the first seat plate. The other structures are the same as those in the first embodiment.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a flexible turnover case packagine machine which characterized in that: the device comprises a cache conveying device, wherein a host module and a feeding module are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the cache conveying device, and a smoke pushing and separating module is arranged on the front side or the rear side of the host module;
the feeding module comprises a feeding manipulator which is used for transferring the stacked flexible turnover boxes to the buffer storage conveying device;
the main machine module comprises a main machine frame body, an opening device is arranged on one side, close to the cigarette pushing and separating module, of the main machine frame body, and a box sleeving mechanical arm used for transferring the flexible turnover box on the buffer storage conveying device to the opening device is arranged on the main machine frame body;
a tobacco bale conveyor is arranged in the main rack body and between the opening device and the buffer conveying device;
the cigarette pushing and separating module comprises an installation frame body, a cigarette pushing manipulator is arranged in the installation frame body, and a butt-joint transfer machine is arranged between the cigarette pushing manipulator and the opening device;
the spreader comprises a first spreading component and a second spreading component which have the same structure and are symmetrically arranged, the first spreading component and the second spreading component are both in sliding connection with the main frame body, a third driving part is arranged between the first spreading component and the main frame body, a fourth driving part is arranged between the second spreading component and the main frame body, the first spreading component comprises a lifting plate in sliding connection with the main frame body, a vertical supporting plate is arranged on the lifting plate, transverse supporting plates in sliding connection with the lifting plate are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the vertical supporting plate, and a fifth driving part for driving the transverse supporting plates to move left and right is arranged between the transverse supporting plates and the lifting plate;
the third driving component comprises a second driving belt, a second driven belt wheel and a second driving belt wheel, the second driven belt wheel is rotatably connected with the main frame body through a driving shaft, the second driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a second driving motor through the driving shaft, and a lifting plate of the first spreading assembly is fixedly connected with the second driving belt through a first fixing assembly;
the fourth driving component comprises a third driving belt, a third driven belt wheel and a third driving belt wheel, the third driven belt wheel is rotatably connected with the main frame body through a driving shaft, the third driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a third driving motor through the driving shaft, and a lifting plate of the second spreading assembly is fixedly connected with the third driving belt through a second fixing assembly;
the driving shaft comprises a first driving shaft and a second driving shaft which are rotatably arranged on the main frame body, a power output shaft of the second driving motor is connected with the first driving shaft, a power output shaft of the third driving motor is connected with the second driving shaft, the second driving belt wheel and the third driving belt wheel are respectively and fixedly arranged on the first driving shaft and the second driving shaft, and the second driven belt wheel and the third driven belt wheel are respectively and rotatably connected with the second driving shaft and the first driving shaft through bearing assemblies.
2. The flexible tote packer of claim 1, wherein: the feeding module comprises a feeding frame body, the feeding manipulator comprises a first beam plate which is in sliding connection with the feeding frame body, a first driving part used for driving the first beam plate to move left and right is arranged between the first beam plate and the feeding frame body, a cross sliding assembly is arranged on the first beam plate, and an embracing and clamping assembly is arranged at the lower end of the cross sliding assembly.
3. The flexible tote packer of claim 1, wherein: the boxing manipulator comprises a second beam plate fixedly arranged on the main frame body, a cross sliding assembly is arranged on the second beam plate, and a picking assembly is arranged at the lower end of the cross sliding assembly.
4. A flexible carton packer according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that: the cross sliding component comprises a sliding plate, a vertical beam, a first driving belt wheel, a second driving belt wheel and a transmission belt, the vertical beam is connected with the sliding plate in a sliding way, a first guide wheel and a second guide wheel are arranged on one side of the sliding plate, which is positioned on the vertical beam, a fourth guide wheel and a fifth guide wheel are arranged on the other side of the vertical beam on the sliding plate, the upper end of the vertical beam is provided with a third guide wheel, the first driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a first motor, the second driving belt wheel is connected with a power output shaft of a second motor, one end of the driving belt is fixedly connected with the vertical beam, the other end of the transmission belt sequentially bypasses the first guide wheel, the first driving belt wheel, the second guide wheel, the third guide wheel, the fourth guide wheel, the second driving belt wheel and the fifth guide wheel and then is fixedly connected with the vertical beam.
5. The flexible tote wrapping machine of claim 1, wherein: the second driving belt and the third driving belt are both in an open-loop structure, and the first fixing component and the second fixing component are identical in structure; the second fixing component comprises a first fixing clamping plate and a second fixing clamping plate, and a tightening rod is arranged between the first fixing clamping plate and the second fixing clamping plate.
6. The flexible tote packer of claim 1, wherein: push away cigarette manipulator including can for installation support body front and back gliding push away the cigarette board, the installation support body on be provided with sharp module, push away the cigarette board pass through the linking arm with the sliding block of sharp module is connected, push away the cigarette board with linking arm sliding connection, push away and be provided with between cigarette board and the linking arm and push away the cigarette cylinder.
7. The flexible tote packer of claim 6, wherein: the cigarette pushing plate is provided with four avoidance notches, the avoidance notches are internally provided with separation baffles, the front side faces of the separation baffles are flush with the front side faces of the cigarette pushing plate, and separation cylinders used for driving the separation baffles to stretch are arranged between the separation baffles and the cigarette pushing plate.
CN202110737221.7A 2021-06-30 2021-06-30 Flexible turnover box packaging machine Active CN113264225B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114180140A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-03-15 福建东亮斯特智能科技有限公司 Cigarette carton packaging equipment

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CN213355017U (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-06-04 兰剑智能科技股份有限公司 Hard elastic box packing steady state separation device

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